United Kingdom

United Kingdom


1373   Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.

1715   "Edmund Halley's" total solar eclipse (the last one visible in London, United Kingdom for almost 900 years).

1744   The Treaty of Lancaster, in which the Iriquois ceded lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio River to the British colonies, is signed in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

1745   British troops take Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada.

1747   A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at the first battle of Cape Finisterre.

1759   Battle of the Plains of Abraham: British defeat French near Quebec City in the Seven Years' War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.

1761   The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.

1770   Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including a black man named Crispus Attucks, and a boy, are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.

1771   Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to the United Kingdom.

1776   American Revolution: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts after George Washington and Henry Knox place artillery in positions overlooking the city.

1777   After his defeat on October 7, 1777, British General John Burgoyne's Army at The Battles of Saratoga become surrounded by superior numbers, setting the stage for its surrender{{mdash}}which feat of arms inspires the Kingdom of France to enter the American Revolutionary War against the British.

1778   American Revolutionary War: 3,500 British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell capture Savannah, Georgia without firing a shot.

1779   American Revolution: a squadron commanded by John Paul Jones on board the {{USS|Bonhomme Richard|1765|6}} wins the Battle of Flamborough Head, off the coast of England, against two British warships.

1782   Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.

1783   A huge fireball meteor is seen across the United Kingdom as it passes over the east coast.

1793   French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

1795   The first occupation by United Kingdom of Cape Colony, South Africa with the Battle of Hout Bay, after successive victories at the Battle of Muizenberg and Wynberg, after William V requested protection against revolutionary France's occupation of the Netherlands.

1797   Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.

1801   The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.

1803   Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens and declares war on France.

1805   Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve. It signals almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the twentieth century.

1806   Cape Colony becomes a British colony.

1806   Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrender to the British.

1806   The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.

1808   Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1809   The Non-Intercourse Act, lifting the Embargo Act except for the United Kingdom and France, is passed by the U.S. Congress.

1812   U.S. President James Madison enacted a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.

1812   War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.

1812   War of 1812: The U.S. Congress declares war on the United Kingdom.

1812   War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: {{HMS|Detroit|1812|6}} and HMS ''Caledonia''.

1813   ''Pride and Prejudice'' is first published in the United Kingdom.

1813   British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York during the War of 1812.

1814   The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London.

1814   British troops invade Washington, D.C. and burn down the White House and several other buildings.

1814   Battle of North Point: an American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.

1814   In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore, Maryland.

1815   Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.

1819   The U.S. vessel ''SS Savannah'' arrives at Liverpool, United Kingdom. She is the first steam-propelled vessel to cross the Atlantic, although most of the journey is made under sail.

1822   Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.

1824   Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.

1824   The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" is founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.

1825   The British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.

1828   Uruguay is formally proclaimed independent at preliminary peace talks brokered by Great Britain between Brazil and Argentina during the Argentina-Brazil War.

1829   Charles Fremantle arrives in the ''HMS Challenger'' off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

1829   In the face of fierce opposition, British governor Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that all who abet suttee in India are guilty of culpable homicide.

1833   The United Kingdom legislates the abolition of slavery in its empire.

1834   The British colonies abolish slavery.

1837   The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.

1839   The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war with Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War.

1840   Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, establishing New Zealand as a British colony.

1840   The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.

1841   Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.

1841   The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally cedes.

1841   The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to the United Kingdom.

1843   Ka Lā Hui: Hawaiian Independence Day – The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

1846   The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.

1846   Neptune is discovered by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; the discovery is verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.

1849   Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom (following legislation in 1846).

1849   The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.

1852   The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Boer colonies of the Transvaal.

1854   The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.

1854   Crimean War: The United Kingdom declares war on Russia.

1854   Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.

1857   Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.

1859   British and French engineers break ground for the Suez Canal.

1859   Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.

1860   In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.

1860   The first British seagoing iron-clad warship, HMS ''Warrior'' is launched.

1861   The United Kingdom annexes Lagos, Nigeria.

1861   American Civil War: The "Trent Affair" – The USS San Jacinto stops the United Kingdom mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.

1861   American Civil War: The ''Trent Affair'': Confederate diplomatic envoys James M. Mason and John Slidell are freed by the United States government, thus heading off a possible war between the United States and Britain.

1863   The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).

1866   In the Fenian Invasion of Canada, John O'Neill leads 850 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the United Kingdom. Canadian militia and British regulars repulse the invaders in over the next three days, at a cost of 9 dead and 38 wounded to the Fenian's 19 dead and about 17 wounded.

1868   At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Tewodros II. While 700 Ethiopians are killed and many more injured, only two die from the British/Indian troops.

1868   The Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala.

1872   The crewless American ship ''Mary Celeste'' is found by the British brig ''Dei Gratia'' (the ship had been abandoned for nine days but was only slightly damaged).

1874   Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in the United Kingdom.

1877   The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.

1878   Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.

1879   Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state.

1882   The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.

1884   Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.

1885   The United Kingdom establishes a protectorate over Bechuanaland.

1892   Dadabhai Naoroji is elected as the first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.

1893   The Independent Labour Party of the UK has its first meeting.

1896   Anglo-Zanzibar War: the shortest war in world history (09:00 to 09:45) between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar.

1896   Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.

1899   Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.

1899   The Boers begin their 118 day siege of British held Ladysmith during the Second Boer War.

1900   The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.

1900   The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces during the Second Boer War resulted in a British defeat.

1900   The United States and the United Kingdom sign a treaty for the Panama Canal

1900   British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.

1900   Second Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg.

1900   Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.

1900   Second Boer War: British troops relieve Mafeking.

1900   Second Boer War: The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State.

1900   Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.

1900   The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.

1901   Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.

1902   Second Boer War: The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the war and ensures British control of South Africa.

1904   The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.

1904   British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of ''The Book of the Law''.

1910   George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.

1912   The Royal Flying Corps (now the Royal Air Force) is established in the United Kingdom.

1913   The United Kingdom's House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.

1914   World War I: Germany invades Belgium. In response, the United Kingdom declares war on Germany. The United States declare their neutrality.

1914   World War I: in Belgium, British and German troops clash for the first time in the war.

1914   World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.

1914   World War I: Known as the Christmas truce, German and British troops on the Western Front temporarily cease fire.

1915   World War I: Massive naval attack in Battle of Gallipoli. Three battleships are sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.

1915   World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium

1916   Easter Rebellion: The United Kingdom declare martial law in Ireland.

1916   World War I: The British 6th Indian Division surrenders to Ottoman Forces at the Siege of Kut in one of the largest surrenders of British forces up to that point.

1917   World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.

1917   The first U.S. troops arrive in France to fight alongside Britain, France, Italy, and Russia against Germany, and Austria-Hungary in World War I.

1917   World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.

1917   World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins – British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.

1919   Jallianwala Bagh massacre: British troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India. At least 1200 wounded.

1919   Gandhi organizes a day of "prayer and fasting" in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Amritsar Massacre by the British.

1919   Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.

1921   The British install the son of Sharif Hussein bin Ali (leader of the Arab Revolt of 1916 against the Ottoman Empire) as King Faisal I of Iraq.

1922   The United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt through a Unilateral Declaration of Independence.

1922   The League of Nations awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom.

1922   In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

1922   The BBC begins radio service in the United Kingdom.

1924   British explorer Howard Carter discovers the sarcophagus of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.

1924   The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR.

1926   UK General Strike 1926: In the United Kingdom, a nine-day general strike by trade unions ends.

1927   Treaty of Jedda: the United Kingdom recognizes the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merge to become the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1930   Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march, known as the ''Dandi March'', to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt.

1930   The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.

1931   Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government. Formation of the UK National Government.

1932   Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1934   The driving test is introduced in the United Kingdom.

1935   The Daventry Experiment, Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of RADAR in the United Kingdom.

1935   The first driving tests are introduced in the United Kingdom.

1937   Aden becomes a British crown colony.

1938   At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.

1939   World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies.

1939   World War II: A German U-boat ''U 29'' sinks the British aircraft carrier {{HMS|Courageous|50|6}}.

1940   World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1940   World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik in Norway. This is the first allied infantry victory of the War.

1940   World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.

1940   World War II: the United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations.

1940   World War II: The Battle of Britain ends – the United Kingdom prevents a German invasion.

1940   The German cruiser ''Atlantis'' captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.

1941   World War II: The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands.

1941   World War II: The Italian convoy ''Duisburg'', directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships.

1941   World War II: concerned that Reza Pahlavi the Shah of Persia is about to ally his petroleum-rich empire with Nazi Germany during World War II, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union invade Iran in late August and force the Shah to abdicate in favor of his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

1941   World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Finland in support of the Soviet Union during the Continuation War.

1942   World War II: The Allies bombard Bangkok, leading Thailand to the decision of war declaration against the United States and United Kingdom .

1942   World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.

1942   World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand.

1942   World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.

1942   World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.

1942   World War II: In occupied France, British naval forces raid the German-occupied port of St. Nazaire.

1942   Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement.

1942   Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.

1943   World War II: The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.

1943   World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set Monday, May 1, 1944 as the date for the Normandy landings ("D-Day"). It would later be delayed over a month due to bad weather.

1943   British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

1943   World War II: The British destroyers {{HMS|Eclipse|H08|6}} and {{HMS|Laforey|G99|6}} sink the Italian submarine ''Ascianghi'' in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser {{HMS|Newfoundland|59|6}}.

1943   World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.

1943   World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army under General George S. Patton arrives in Messina, Italy, followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.

1944   World War II: the British 11th Armoured Division liberates the Belgian city of Antwerp.

1944   World War II: The British submarine {{HMS|Tradewind}} torpedoes Junyō Maru, 5,600 killed.

1944   World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's shop on New Cross High Street, United Kingdom, killing 168 shoppers.

1945   World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge.

1945   World War II: On the first day of the bombing of Dresden, the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.

1945   World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is completely destroyed in a raid by 379 British bombers.

1945   In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as a driver.

1945   Ninety percent of Würzburg, Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by British bombers. 5,000 are killed.

1945   World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.

1945   World War II: Canadian and UK troops liberate the Netherlands and Denmark from Nazi occupation when Wehrmacht troops capitulate

1945   World War II: The Channel Islands are liberated by the British after five years of German occupation.

1945   World War II: The Flensburg government under Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz is dissolved when its members are captured and arrested by British forces at Flensburg in Northern Germany.

1946   Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.

1947   The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after the World War II, merge to form the Bizone, that later became the Federal Republic of Germany.

1947   New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.

1948   Burma regains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1948   Benelux, France, and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Brussels, a precursor to the North Atlantic Treaty establishing NATO.

1950   The United Kingdom recognizes the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with the UK in response.

1950   The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's first National Park.

1952   The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes identity cards in the UK to "set the people free".

1952   British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announces that his nation has an atomic bomb.

1952   The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon.

1953   Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by Kenya's British rulers.

1955   In the United Kingdom, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.

1955   The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia.

1955   Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom.

1956   The Republic of the Sudan achieves independence from the Egyptian Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

1956   Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.

1956   Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.

1957   The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television close down between 6.00pm and 7.00pm is abolished in the United Kingdom.

1957   United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent Republic of Ghana.

1957   At Malden Island in the Pacific, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple. The device fails to detonate properly.

1957   The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1957   The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world's first major nuclear accident.

1957   Operation Grapple X, Round C1: Britain conducts its first successful hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific.

1958   Queen Elizabeth II officially opens London Gatwick Airport, (LGW) in Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom.

1958   Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.

1958   The Preston bypass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.

1959   The United Kingdom grants Cyprus independence, which is then formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960.

1959   Specific values for the international yard, avoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) are adopted after agreement between the U.S.A., the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries.

1959   The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway

1960   Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".

1960   The former British Protectorate of British Somaliland gains its independence as Somaliland .

1960   Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1960   Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1960   Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

1960   The farthing coin ceases to be legal tender in the United Kingdom.

1961   Sierra Leone is granted its independence from the United Kingdom, with Milton Margai as the first Prime Minister.

1961   Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom.

1963   The Bristol Bus Boycott is held in Bristol to protest the Bristol Omnibus Company's refusal to employ Black or Asian bus crews, drawing national attention to racial discrimination in the United Kingdom.

1963   The United Kingdom grants Zanzibar internal self-government.

1963   The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.

1963   Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1964   The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.

1964   Northern Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes the Republic of Zambia (Southern Rhodesia remained a colony)

1965   In the United Kingdom, a 70mph speed limit is applied to all rural roads including motorways for the first time. Previously, there had been no speed limit.

1966   The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.

1966   Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho.

1966   Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

1967   Dominica gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1967   UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.

1967   The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. The survivors include Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees.

1967   The United Kingdom government devalued the Pound sterling from $2.80 to £2.40.

1969   The {{convert|385|m|ft}} tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build-up.

1969   British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland.

1969   The United Kingdom introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaced, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world. (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, etc., had already abolished the shilling in favor of a decimal currency with exactly 100 pence per pound sterling or dollar, whichever was applicable.}

1970   A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.

1970   The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis's farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom.

1970   Montreal, Quebec: British Trade Commissioner James Cross is kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group, triggering the October Crisis.

1971   Eighty-seven countries, including the US, UK, and USSR, sign the Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons in international waters.

1971   Bahrain gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1971   Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.

1972   The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest at Bloody Sunday.

1972   The United Kingdom imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland.

1972   The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.

1973   Denmark, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland are admitted into the European Community.

1973   A British Vanguard turboprop crashes during a snowstorm at Basel, Switzerland killing 104.

1973   In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey.

1974   Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1974   In the United Kingdom, the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being.

1974   Turkish occupation of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a "coup d' etat", organised by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios. NATO's Council praises the United States and the United Kingdom for attempts to settle the dispute. Syria and Egypt put their militaries on alert.

1975   The Dibble's Bridge coach crash near Grassington, North Yorkshire, England kills 32 – the highest ever death toll in a road accident in the United Kingdom.

1976   The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.

1976   Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.

1977   'Vrillon', claiming to be the representative of the 'Ashtar Galactic Command', takes over Britain's Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 PM.

1978   The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.

1978   Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1978   Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1979   An IRA bomb kills British World War II admiral Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma and 3 others while they are boating on holiday in Sligo, Republic of Ireland. Another bomb near Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland kills 18 British soldiers.

1981   British television: on ''Coronation Street'', Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, which proves to be a national event scoring massive viewer numbers for the show.

1981   Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.

1982   Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the United Kingdom.

1982   The United Kingdom sends a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.

1982   Twenty sailors are killed when the British Type 42 destroyer HMS ''Sheffield'' (D80) is hit by an Argentinian Exocet missile during the Falklands War.

1982   Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.

1982   The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, is shot on a London street. He survives but is permanently paralysed.

1982   The Falklands War ends: Argentine forces in the capital Stanley unconditionally surrender to British forces.

1984   The Sultanate of Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

1984   6,000 miners in the United Kingdom begin their strike at Cortonwood Colliery.

1984   The United Kingdom agrees to the handover of Hong Kong

1984   Under the Brussels Agreement signed between the governments of the United Kingdom and Spain, the former agreed to enter into discussions with Spain over Gibraltar, including sovereignty.

1984   The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People's Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 is signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.

1985   The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.

1986   Israeli secret nuclear weapons are revealed. The British newspaper ''The Sunday Times'' runs Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed — the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal".

1986   Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi is helped by Syrian officials.

1986   The British government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.

1986   British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway.

1987   The British ferry {{MS|Herald of Free Enterprise}} capsizes in about 90 seconds killing 193.

1988   Section 28 of the United Kingdom's Local Government Act 1988, a controversial amendment stating that a local authority cannot intentionally promote homosexuality, is enacted.

1989   Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel.

1990   Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.

1990   British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher withdraws from the Conservative Party leadership election, confirming the end of her premiership.

1991   American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.

1992   John Major's Conservative Party wins an unprecedented fourth general election victory in the United Kingdom.

1992   Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.

1993   Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom.

1995   Space Shuttle astronauts Bernard A. Harris, Jr. and Michael Foale become the first African American and first Briton, respectively, to perform spacewalks.

1995   The United Kingdom's oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapses after a securities broker, Nick Leeson, loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.

1996   The European Union's Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy).

1997   The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.

1997   The People's Republic of China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule.

1997   After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.

1997   The first supersonic land speed record is set by Andy Green in ''ThrustSSC'' (United Kingdom), exactly 50 years and 1 day after Chuck Yeager first broke the sound barrier in the Earth's atmosphere.

1997   The United Kingdom commences its Firearms (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1997, which extends the state's gun ban to include all handguns -- with the exception of antique and show weapons.

1998   First RFID human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.

1998   Iraq announces its intention to fire upon U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the northern and southern no-fly zones.

1999   The Euro currency is introduced in 11 countries - members of NATO (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden).

1999   Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.

1999   The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive.

2000   The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.

2002   A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.

2002   Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering ''Wall Street Journal'' reporter Daniel Pearl.

2002   Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.

2002   British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.

2003   The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.

2003   In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial anti-gay amendment Section 28, becomes effective.

2003   After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.

2005   The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.

2006   The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the "British FBI", is created in the United Kingdom.

2006   Scotland Yard disrupts a major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft traveling from the United Kingdom to the United States.

2006   Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.