under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
. The United Kingdom is a unitary state
governed under a constitutional monarchy
and a parliamentary system
, with its seat of government in the capital city
. It is a country in its own right and consists of four countries
, Northern Ireland
. There are three devolved
national administrations, each with varying powers, situated in Belfast
; the capitals of Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland respectively.
1373 Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.
1715 "Edmund Halley's" total solar eclipse (the last one visible in London, United Kingdom for almost 900 years).
1744 The Treaty of Lancaster, in which the Iriquois ceded lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio River to the British colonies, is signed in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
1745 British troops take Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada.
1747 A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at the first battle of Cape Finisterre.
1759 Battle of the Plains of Abraham: British defeat French near Quebec City in the Seven Years' War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.
1761 The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
1770 Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including a black man named Crispus Attucks, and a boy, are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.
1771 Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to the United Kingdom.
1776 American Revolution: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts after George Washington and Henry Knox place artillery in positions overlooking the city.