600-Serie Adua class submarine
The Italian Adua-class submarine was the fourth subclass of the 600 Series
Italian 600 Series submarines
The Italian 600 Series submarines were a series of submarine classes built for the Italian Royal Navy during the Inter war years.-Development:...

 of coastal submarine
A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation below the surface of the water. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability...

s of the Regia Marina
Regia Marina
The Regia Marina dates from the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 after Italian unification...

 that served during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...


There were 17 submarines in this class, almost all named after places in Ethiopia
Ethiopia , officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 82 million inhabitants, and the tenth-largest by area, occupying 1,100,000 km2...

 which had been an Italian colony
Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa was an Italian colonial administrative subdivision established in 1936, resulting from the merger of the Ethiopian Empire with the old colonies of Italian Somaliland and Italian Eritrea. In August 1940, British Somaliland was conquered and annexed to Italian East Africa...

 since 1936, but only one, Alagi survived through World War II:
  1. – sunk on 30 September 1941, by destroyers and , Western Mediterranean sea
  2. - sold for scrap on 1 February 1948
  3. – sunk on 4 September 1944 in Genoa
    Genoa |Ligurian]] Zena ; Latin and, archaically, English Genua) is a city and an important seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria....

     by Allied bombers
  4. – scuttled near Augusta, Sicily on 23 July 1943, after attack of destroyers and
  5. – scuttled near Morea
    The Morea was the name of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. It also referred to a Byzantine province in the region, known as the Despotate of Morea.-Origins of the name:...

     on 28 December 1943, during a mission for the Allies
  6. – sunk by Allied air attack, May 1944
  7. – sunk during Operation Pedestal
    Operation Pedestal
    Operation Pedestal was a British operation to get desperately needed supplies to the island of Malta in August 1942, during the Second World War. Malta was the base from which surface ships, submarines and aircraft attacked Axis convoys carrying essential supplies to the Italian and German armies...

     by the British destroyer
  8. – sunk on 28 November 1942 by destroyers and , near Bona, Algeria
    Annaba is a city in the northeastern corner of Algeria near the river Seybouse. It is located in Annaba Province. With a population of 257,359 , it is the fourth largest city in Algeria. It is a leading industrial centre in eastern Algeria....

  9. – scuttled on 18 October 1940 east of Gibraltar
    Gibraltar is a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean. A peninsula with an area of , it has a northern border with Andalusia, Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region...

     after attack by destroyers and
  10. – scuttled on 30 September 1940, near Alexandria
    Alexandria is the second-largest city of Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country; it is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. It is Egypt's largest seaport, serving...

    , after attack by destroyers and
  11. – sunk on 20 October 1940, north of Melilla
    Melilla is a autonomous city of Spain and an exclave on the north coast of Morocco. Melilla, along with the Spanish exclave Ceuta, is one of the two Spanish territories located in mainland Africa...

     by destroyers , and
  12. – sunk on 19 January 1941 by destroyer
  13. – sunk on 10 August 1942 off Haifa
    Haifa is the largest city in northern Israel, and the third-largest city in the country, with a population of over 268,000. Another 300,000 people live in towns directly adjacent to the city including the cities of the Krayot, as well as, Tirat Carmel, Daliyat al-Karmel and Nesher...

  14. – sunk on 2 August 1941, west of Malta
    Malta , officially known as the Republic of Malta , is a Southern European country consisting of an archipelago situated in the centre of the Mediterranean, south of Sicily, east of Tunisia and north of Libya, with Gibraltar to the west and Alexandria to the east.Malta covers just over in...

    , by
  15. – sunk on 14 December 1942, south of Malta, by and the Greek destroyer
  16. – sunk on 29 June 1940 by and

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