in Southeast Asia
. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329847 square kilometres (127,354.6 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea
into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia
and Malaysian Borneo
. Land borders are shared with Thailand
, and Brunei
, and maritime borders exist with Singapore
, and the Philippines
. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur
, while Putrajaya
is the seat of the federal government. In 2010 the population exceeded 27.5 million.
Malaysia has its origins in the Malay Kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire
1786 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
1816 The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.
1923 The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
1934 SMJK Sam Tet is founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
1957 The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1957 Malaysia joins the United Nations.
1963 Sarawak, North Borneo and Singapore achieve technical Independance pending accension to the Federation of Malaysia
1963 Malaysia is formed from the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak. However, Singapore soon leaves this new country,
1965 Singapore is expelled from Malaysia and becomes the first and only country to date to gain independence unwillingly.
1967 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.