comprising 36 states
and its Federal Capital Territory
. The country is located in West Africa
and shares land border
s with the Republic of Benin
in the west, Chad
in the east, and Niger
in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea
on the Atlantic Ocean
. The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa
. In terms of religion Nigeria is roughly split half and half between Muslims and Christians with a very small minority who practice traditional religion.
The people of Nigeria have an extensive history
1861 The United Kingdom annexes Lagos, Nigeria.
1901 Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
1960 Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1960 Nigeria joins the United Nations.
1966 The government of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa in Nigeria is overthrown in a military coup d’état.
1967 The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
1969 Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra.
1970 After a 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria, Biafra surrenders.
1995 In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa, along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop), are hanged by government forces.
1998 At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline.