The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is a state in the New England
New England
New England is a region in the northeastern corner of the United States consisting of the six states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut...

 region of the northeastern
Northeastern United States
The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States as defined by the United States Census Bureau.-Composition:The region comprises nine states: the New England states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; and the Mid-Atlantic states of New...

 United States of America. It is bordered by Rhode Island
Rhode Island
The state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, more commonly referred to as Rhode Island , is a state in the New England region of the United States. It is the smallest U.S. state by area...

 and Connecticut
Connecticut is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, and the state of New York to the west and the south .Connecticut is named for the Connecticut River, the major U.S. river that approximately...

 to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state ranks 43rd in land area, , and 45th in total area. Its population according to the 2010 census, 630,337, is the second smallest in the country, larger only than Wyoming. It is the only New England...

 and New Hampshire
New Hampshire
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian...

 to the north; at its east lies the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010 Census, the population of Massachusetts was 6,547,629. The state features two separate metropolitan areas – the eastern Boston metropolitan area and the western Springfield metropolitan area
Springfield, Massachusetts metropolitan area
The Springfield Metropolitan Area is a region that is socio-economically and culturally tied to the City of Springfield, Massachusetts. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget defines the Springfield metropolitan statistical area as consisting of three counties in Western Massachusetts. As of...


1613    The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.

1620    Pilgrims aboard the ''Mayflower'' sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

1620    Pilgrim Fathers land at what becomes Plymouth in Massachusetts.

1630    The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.

1635    The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.

1636    The Covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts is first signed.

1642    Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.

1648    Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts colony.

1656    Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.

1690    The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.