Land speed record

Land speed record

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The land speed record (or absolute land speed record) is the highest speed achieved by a wheeled vehicle on land. There is no single body for validation and regulation; in practice the Category C ("Special Vehicles") flying start regulations are used, officiated by regional or national organizations under the auspices of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile is a non-profit association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users...

. The record is standardized as the speed over a course of fixed length, averaged over two runs (commonly called "passes"). Two runs are required in opposite directions within one hour, and a new record mark must exceed the previous one by one percent to be validated. There are numerous other class records for cars; motorcycles
Motorcycle land speed record
The motorcycle land speed record is the fastest speed achieved by a motorcycle on land. It is standardized as the speed over a course of fixed length, averaged over two runs in opposite directions. These are special or modified motorcycles, distinct from the fastest production motorcycles. The...

 fall into a separate class.

Until 1906, the rail speed record
Land speed record for railed vehicles
Determination of the fastest rail vehicle in the world varies depending on the definition of "rail".Official absolute world record for conventional train is held by the French TGV...

 exceeded the auto speed record. However, the current unmanned record is held by a railed vehicle and stands at Mach
Mach number
Mach number is the speed of an object moving through air, or any other fluid substance, divided by the speed of sound as it is in that substance for its particular physical conditions, including those of temperature and pressure...

 8.5.

History


The first regulators were the Automobile Club de France
French Automobile Club
The Automobile Club of France is a men's club founded on November 12, 1895 by Albert de Dion, Paul Meyan, and its first president, the Dutch-born Baron, Etienne van Zuylen van Nijevelt....

, who proclaimed themselves arbiters of the record in about 1902.

Different clubs had different standards and did not always recognise the same world records until 1924, when the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR) introduced new regulations: two passes in opposite directions (to negate the effects of wind) averaged with a maximum of 30 minutes (later more) between runs, average gradient of the racing surface not more than 1 percent, timing gear accurate within 0.01sec, and cars must be wheel-driven
Drive wheel
A drive wheel is a roadwheel in an automotive vehicle that receives torque from the powertrain, and provides the final driving force for a vehicle. A two-wheel drive vehicle has two driven wheels, and a four-wheel drive has four, and so-on....

. National or regional auto clubs (such as AAA
American Automobile Association
AAA , formerly known as the American Automobile Association, is a federation of 51 independently operated motor clubs throughout North America. AAA is a not-for-profit member service organization with more than 51 million members. AAA provides services to its members such as travel, automotive,...

 and SCTA
SCTA
SCTA is an acronym for Southern California Timing Association. It is an competition sanctioning body that maintains rules and record for Land Speed Racing events held at El Mirage, CA and Bonneville Salt Flats, UT...

) had to be AIACR members to ensure records would be recognized. The AIACR became the FIA in 1947. Controversy arose in 1963: Spirit of America failed on being a three-wheeler (leading the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme is the governing body of motorcycle racing. It represents 103 national motorcycle federations that are divided into six regional continental unions....

 to certify the record when the FIA refused) and not wheel-driven so the FIA introduced a special wheel-driven class
Wheel-driven land speed record
The wheel-driven land speed record differs from the absolute land speed record in requiring that the vehicle be wheel-driven; thus, vehicles that use thrust from a jet engine or rocket are ineligible .Until 1963, the absolute land speed record holder was always a wheel-driven car...

. No holder of the absolute record since has been wheel-driven.

Piston-engined, wheel-driven land speed record



In 2008 Tom Burkland broke the piston-engined, wheel-driven record for the flying mile, recording a speed of 415.896 mph (669.319 km/h). He drove the Burkland family streamliner powered by two 450+ cu. in. supercharged alcohol-fueled Donovan (aluminum Chrysler) engines (bought second-hand), with crankshafts bolted together nose-to-nose.
In September, 2010 George Poteet made a serious attempt to break the piston-engined, wheel-driven record for the flying mile and flying kilometer. He drove the Speed Demon
Speed Demon
Speed Demon is a fictional character that appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appears as the Whizzer - a member of the team the Squadron Sinister - in the final panel of Avengers #69 Speed Demon (James Sanders) is a fictional character that appears in comic books...

 built by Ron Main, powered by a 299 cubic inch aluminum 'Hellfire' V8, built by Kenny Duttweiler. Their effort was thwarted by a number of parts failures attributed to the 2500 horsepower generated by the relatively small motor. The team stated their intention to return in 2011 to set a record over 450 mph (724 km/h), and at the 2011 Bonneville Speed Week Poteet achieved 426 mph (685 km/h).
The Target 550 team of Marlo Treit and Les Davenport are planning to raise the record for this class to more than 500 mph (804 km/h). They plan to mount their attempt in the near future on the Bonneville Salt Flats. The car is being built by Jim Hume
Jim Hume
Jim Hume MSP is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician and Member of the Scottish Parliament for the South of Scotland region since 2007.-Background:...

 in the state of Washington in the northwestern region of the US. It will be powered by two Dodge hemispherical head (Hemi) motors with Waterman fuel pumps, Whipple superchargers, Mallory Mags, Crane Cams, Gates drive belts, RCD pulleys, heads by Webster and KB billet crankshafts. The car will have a frontal area of 8.61 sq ft (0.7998951744 m²) and is 40+ feet long with a 1.5 degree included angle on the sides of the body front to rear. The model was tested and modified in the Western Washington University wind tunnel with assistance from Dr. Michael Seal. The current front end provides 1000 lbs of downforce to prevent the car from becoming airborne.

Women's land speed record



In 1906 Dorothy Levitt
Dorothy Levitt
Dorothy Elizabeth Levitt, was a motorina and sporting motoriste of the early 20th century. On 4 July 1903 she was reported as the first woman ever to compete in a motor race...

 broke the women's world speed record for the flying kilometer, recording a speed of 91 mph (146.25 km/h) and receiving the soubriquet the "Fastest Girl on Earth". She drove a six-cylinder Napier motorcar
Napier & Son
D. Napier & Son Limited was a British engine and pre-Great War automobile manufacturer and one of the most important aircraft engine manufacturers in the early to mid-20th century...

, a 100 hp (74.6 kW) development of the K5, in a speed trial in Blackpool
Blackpool
Blackpool is a borough, seaside town, and unitary authority area of Lancashire, in North West England. It is situated along England's west coast by the Irish Sea, between the Ribble and Wyre estuaries, northwest of Preston, north of Liverpool, and northwest of Manchester...

.

1898–1965 (wheel-driven)



Date Location Driver Vehicle Power Speed over
1 km
Speed over
1 mile
Comments
mphkm/hmphkm/h
December 18, 1898 Achères, Yvelines
Achères, Yvelines
Achères is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located from the center of Paris.The commune of Achères lies on the south bank of the Seine in a loop of the river, on the edge of the Forest of Saint-Germain-en-Laye...

, France
 France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat
Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat
Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat was a French race car driver. He is known for setting the first recognised automobile land speed record on December 18, 1898 in Achères, Yvelines, using a Jeantaud electric car....

Jeantaud
Jeantaud
The Jeantaud was a French automobile manufactured in Paris from 1893 until 1906. It was the brainchild of Charles Jeantaud, a coachbuilder who built his first electric carriage in 1881. Among the vehicles he constructed was the first car to set a land speed record , as well as coupes and hansom...

 Duc
Electric
Battery electric vehicle
A battery electric vehicle, or BEV, is a type of electric vehicle that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of, or in addition to, internal combustion engines for propulsion.A battery-only electric vehicle or...

39.24 63.15
17 January 1899 Achères, Yvelines
Achères, Yvelines
Achères is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located from the center of Paris.The commune of Achères lies on the south bank of the Seine in a loop of the river, on the edge of the Forest of Saint-Germain-en-Laye...

, France
 Belgium Camille Jenatzy
Camille Jenatzy
Camille Jenatzy was a Belgian race car driver. He is known for breaking the land speed record three times and being the first man to break the 100 km/h barrier....

41.42 First man to break a land speed record
December 18, 1898 Achères, Yvelines
Achères, Yvelines
Achères is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located from the center of Paris.The commune of Achères lies on the south bank of the Seine in a loop of the river, on the edge of the Forest of Saint-Germain-en-Laye...

, France
 France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat
Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat
Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat was a French race car driver. He is known for setting the first recognised automobile land speed record on December 18, 1898 in Achères, Yvelines, using a Jeantaud electric car....

Jeantaud
Jeantaud
The Jeantaud was a French automobile manufactured in Paris from 1893 until 1906. It was the brainchild of Charles Jeantaud, a coachbuilder who built his first electric carriage in 1881. Among the vehicles he constructed was the first car to set a land speed record , as well as coupes and hansom...

 Duc
Electric
Battery electric vehicle
A battery electric vehicle, or BEV, is a type of electric vehicle that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of, or in addition to, internal combustion engines for propulsion.A battery-only electric vehicle or...

65.79 First specialist land speed record vehicle, first 60mph pass
April 13, 1902 Nice
Nice
Nice is the fifth most populous city in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Toulouse, with a population of 348,721 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of more than 955,000 on an area of...

, France
Promenade des Anglais
 France Leon Serpollet
Gardner-Serpollet
Gardner-Serpollet was a French manufacturer of steam-powered cars in the early 1900s.In 1896, Leon Serpollet invented and perfected the flash boiler, which made steam a much more practical source of power for an automobile...

Gardner-Serpollet
Gardner-Serpollet
Gardner-Serpollet was a French manufacturer of steam-powered cars in the early 1900s.In 1896, Leon Serpollet invented and perfected the flash boiler, which made steam a much more practical source of power for an automobile...

 Oeuf de Pâques (Easter Egg)
Steam
Steam car
A steam car is a light car powered by a steam engine.Steam locomotives, steam engines capable of propelling themselves along either road or rails, developed around one hundred years earlier than internal combustion engine cars although their weight restricted them to agricultural and heavy haulage...

75.06 120.80
1902 Albis-St. Arnoult, France  United States William K. Vanderbilt Mors
Mors
Mors may refer to:*Mors , the personification of death in Roman mythology*Mors, Latin for death and is a feminine gender noun*Mors , a French car manufacturer from 1895-1925...

Internal combustion 76.08 First IC-powered record
January 12, 1904 Lake St. Clair, USA  United States Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Henry Ford was an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry...

Ford 999
Ford 999
The Ford 999 was a nameplate attached to two distinct but similar racers built by Henry Ford during the early 20th century. Though they began as separate entities, they were virtually mechanically identical and parts were swapped between them as needed, making the identities and legacies...

 Racer
IC 91.37 147.05 On frozen lake (Not recognized by L'Automobile Club de France)
January 26, 1906 Ormond Beach
Daytona Beach Road Course
Daytona Beach Road Course was a race track that was instrumental in the formation of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, or NASCAR. It originally became famous as the location where fifteen world land speed records were set...

, USA
 United States Fred Marriott
Fred Marriott
Fred Marriott was an American race car driver. In 1906, he set the world land speed record at 127.659 mph at the Daytona Beach Road Course, while driving the Stanley Steamer...

Stanley Rocket
Stanley Steamer
The Stanley Motor Carriage Company was a manufacturer of steam-engine vehicles; it operated from 1902 to 1924. The cars made by the company were colloquially called Stanley Steamers, although several different models were produced.-Early history:...

Steam 127.66 205.44 First record over 200 kilometre per hour. First speed greater than contemporary rail speed record.
Remained the record for steam powered vehicles until 25 August 2009.
November 6, 1909 Brooklands
Brooklands
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England. It opened in 1907, and was the world's first purpose-built motorsport venue, as well as one of Britain's first airfields...

, United Kingdom
 France Victor Hémery
Victor Hémery
Victor Hémery was a champion driver of early Grand Prix motor racing who was born in Sillé-le-Guillaume, France, Sarthe, France. In 1904 he joined Automobiles Darracq S.A. as their chief tester and helped prepare cars to compete in that year's Gordon Bennett Cup...

200 hp (150 kW) Benz No 1 IC 125.94 202.68 115.93 186.57 First run using electronic timing
June 24, 1914 Brooklands, United Kingdom  United Kingdom L. G. Hornstead 200 hp (150 kW) Benz No 3 IC 124.09 199.70 First 2-way record, set at Brooklands under new Association International des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR) 2-way rule
12 July 1924 France  United Kingdom Ernest Eldridge
Ernest Eldridge
Ernest Arthur Douglas Eldridge was a British racing car driver who broke the world land speed record in 1924. His was the last land speed record set on an open road.- Ernest Arthur Douglas Eldridge. :...

FIAT
Fiat
FIAT, an acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino , is an Italian automobile manufacturer, engine manufacturer, financial, and industrial group based in Turin in the Italian region of Piedmont. Fiat was founded in 1899 by a group of investors including Giovanni Agnelli...

 Mephistopheles
IC 145.89 234.98 Fastest LSR ever on a public road
March 29, 1927 Daytona Beach, USA  United KingdomHenry Segrave Mystery
Sunbeam 1000 hp
The Sunbeam 1000 HP Mystery, or "The Slug", is a land speed record-breaking car built by the Sunbeam car company of Wolverhampton that was powered by two aircraft engines. It was the first car to travel at over 200 mph. The car's last run was a demonstration circuit at Brooklands, running at...

 (aka "Sunbeam 1000 hp")
203.79 327.97 The first car to reach a speed over 200 mph (320 km/h)
February 19, 1928 Daytona Beach, USA  United Kingdom Malcolm Campbell
Malcolm Campbell
Sir Malcolm Campbell was an English racing motorist and motoring journalist. He gained the world speed record on land and on water at various times during the 1920s and 1930s using vehicles called Blue Bird...

Blue Bird 206.956 333.048
April 1928 Daytona Beach, USA  United StatesRay Keech
Ray Keech
Ray Keech was a board track and brick track racer in the 1920s. He is best remembered for winning the 1929 Indianapolis 500, and for setting a land speed record.-Land speed record:...

Triplex Special
White Triplex
The White Triplex was a land speed record car built for J. H. White and driven by Ray Keech. It was powered by three 27-litre Liberty aero-engines, for a total of 36 cylinders, 81 litre displacement and a claimed 1500 bhp.A wealthy American, J. H...

3 Liberty
Liberty L-12
The Liberty L-12 was a 27 litre water-cooled 45° V-12 aircraft engine of 400 horsepower designed both for a high power-to-weight ratio and for ease of mass production.-History:...

 
207.552 334.007
March 11, 1929 Daytona Beach, USA  United KingdomHenry Seagrave Irving-Napier 925 hp Napier
Napier & Son
D. Napier & Son Limited was a British engine and pre-Great War automobile manufacturer and one of the most important aircraft engine manufacturers in the early to mid-20th century...

 
231.446 372.459 Seagrave was knight
Knight
A knight was a member of a class of lower nobility in the High Middle Ages.By the Late Middle Ages, the rank had become associated with the ideals of chivalry, a code of conduct for the perfect courtly Christian warrior....

ed for this effort
1929 Verneuk Pan, South Africa  United KingdomMalcolm Campbell Blue Bird IC 246.09 396.025 First 250 mph (111.8 m/s) pass. Campbell was knighted for this effort
March 7, 1935 Daytona Beach, USA  United KingdomMalcolm Campbell Blue Bird IC 276.816 445.472
1937  United KingdomMalcolm Campbell Blue Bird IC 301.129 484.598 First 300 mph (134.1 m/s) pass, first absolute record set at Bonneville
19 November 1937 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA  United Kingdom George Eyston
George Eyston
- References :*...

Thunderbolt
Thunderbolt (car)
Thunderbold is a British Land Speed Record holder of the 1930s, driven by Captain George E.T. Eyston- Records held :Between 1937 and 1939, the competition for the Land Speed Record was between two Englishmen: Captain Eyston and John Cobb. Thunderbolt's first record was set at on 19 November 1937...

Two Rolls-Royce Schneider Trophy engines (4700 hp) 311.42 501.16
1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA  United Kingdom George Eyston Thunderbolt 345.49
1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA  United Kingdom John R. Cobb 350.2 563.566
1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA  United Kingdom George Eyston Thunderbolt 357.5 575.314
August 23, 1939 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA  United Kingdom John Cobb Railton Special IC 369.74 595.04 367.91 592.09
September 16, 1947 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA  United Kingdom John Cobb Railton Mobil Special  IC 394.196 633.79 394.19 634.39 First 400 mph (178.8 m/s) pass
July 17, 1964 Lake Eyre
Lake Eyre
Lake Eyre is the lowest point in Australia, at approximately below sea level, and, on the rare occasions that it fills, it is the largest lake in Australia and 18th largest in the world...

, Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

Donald Campbell
Donald Campbell
Donald Malcolm Campbell, CBE was a British speed record breaker who broke eight world speed records in the 1950s and 1960s...

Bluebird CN7 turbine
Turbine
A turbine is a rotary engine that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.The simplest turbines have one moving part, a rotor assembly, which is a shaft or drum with blades attached. Moving fluid acts on the blades, or the blades react to the flow, so that they move and...

403.10 644.96

Current location of vehicles


The Sunbeam 350HP, Sunbeam 1000HP, Golden Arrow, and Bluebird CN7 are on display at the National Motor Museum
National Motor Museum
The National Motor Museum is a museum in the village of Beaulieu, set in the heart of the New Forest, in the English county of Hampshire.- History :...

, Beaulieu
Beaulieu, Hampshire
Beaulieu is a small village located on the south eastern edge of the New Forest national park in Hampshire, England and home to both Palace House and the British National Motor Museum.- History :...

, England.

ThrustSSC and Thrust2 are both on permanent display at Coventry Transport Museum
Coventry Transport Museum
The Coventry Transport Museum is a motor museum, located in Coventry City Centre, England. It houses a collection of British-made road transport. It is located in Coventry because the city was previously the centre of the British car industry...

, England.

1963–present (jet and rocket propulsion)


Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove is a five-time world land speed record holder. He was the first to reach , , and , using several turbojet-powered vehicles, all named Spirit of America.-Land vehicle speed records :...

's mark of 408.312 miles per hour (182.5 m/s), set in Spirit of America in September 1963, was initially considered unofficial. The vehicle breached the FIA regulations on two grounds: it had only three wheels, and it was not wheel-driven
Drive wheel
A drive wheel is a roadwheel in an automotive vehicle that receives torque from the powertrain, and provides the final driving force for a vehicle. A two-wheel drive vehicle has two driven wheels, and a four-wheel drive has four, and so-on....

, since its jet engine did not supply power to its axles. Some time later, the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme is the governing body of motorcycle racing. It represents 103 national motorcycle federations that are divided into six regional continental unions....

 created a non-wheel-driven category, and ratified Spirit of Americas time for this mark. On July 27, 1964, Donald Campbell
Donald Campbell
Donald Malcolm Campbell, CBE was a British speed record breaker who broke eight world speed records in the 1950s and 1960s...

's Bluebird CN7 posted a time of 403.1 miles per hour (180.2 m/s) on Lake Eyre
Lake Eyre
Lake Eyre is the lowest point in Australia, at approximately below sea level, and, on the rare occasions that it fills, it is the largest lake in Australia and 18th largest in the world...

, Australia. This became the official FIA LSR, although Campbell was disappointed not to have beaten Breedlove's time. In October, several four-wheel jet-cars surpassed the 1963 mark, but were eligible for neither FIA nor FIM ratification. The confusion of having three different LSRs lasted until December 11, 1964, when the FIA and FIM met in Paris and agreed to recognize as an absolute LSR the higher speed recorded by either body, by any vehicles running on wheels, whether wheel-driven or not. Thus, Art Arfons
Art Arfons
Arthur Eugene "Art" Arfons was the world land speed record holder three times in 1964 – 1965 with his Green Monster series of jet-powered cars, after a series of Green Monster piston-engine and jet-engined dragsters...

' Green Monster was belatedly recognized as the absolute LSR holder, Bluebird the holder of the wheel-driven land speed record
Wheel-driven land speed record
The wheel-driven land speed record differs from the absolute land speed record in requiring that the vehicle be wheel-driven; thus, vehicles that use thrust from a jet engine or rocket are ineligible .Until 1963, the absolute land speed record holder was always a wheel-driven car...

, and Spirit of America the tricycle record holder. No wheel-driven car has since held the absolute record.
Date Location Driver Vehicle Power Speed over
1 km
Speed over
1 mile
Comments
mphkm/hmphkm/h
September 5, 1963 Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Speedway
Bonneville Speedway is an area of the Bonneville Salt Flats near Wendover, Utah, that is marked out for motor sports. It is particularly noted as the venue for numerous land speed records....

, USA
 United States Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove is a five-time world land speed record holder. He was the first to reach , , and , using several turbojet-powered vehicles, all named Spirit of America.-Land vehicle speed records :...

Spirit of America Turbojet 408.312 657.114 407.447 655.722 Ratified by FIM
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme is the governing body of motorcycle racing. It represents 103 national motorcycle federations that are divided into six regional continental unions....

 as vehicle has 3 wheels.
November 2, 1965 Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Speedway
Bonneville Speedway is an area of the Bonneville Salt Flats near Wendover, Utah, that is marked out for motor sports. It is particularly noted as the venue for numerous land speed records....

, USA
 United States Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove is a five-time world land speed record holder. He was the first to reach , , and , using several turbojet-powered vehicles, all named Spirit of America.-Land vehicle speed records :...

Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet 555.485 893.966 555.485 893.966
November 15, 1965 Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Speedway
Bonneville Speedway is an area of the Bonneville Salt Flats near Wendover, Utah, that is marked out for motor sports. It is particularly noted as the venue for numerous land speed records....

, USA
 United States Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove
Craig Breedlove is a five-time world land speed record holder. He was the first to reach , , and , using several turbojet-powered vehicles, all named Spirit of America.-Land vehicle speed records :...

Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet 594 955.950 608.211
October 28, 1970 Bonneville Salt Flats
Bonneville Speedway
Bonneville Speedway is an area of the Bonneville Salt Flats near Wendover, Utah, that is marked out for motor sports. It is particularly noted as the venue for numerous land speed records....

, USA
 United States Gary Gabelich
Gary Gabelich
Gary Gabelich was a Croatian-American race car driver who set the land speed record with his rocket-powered vehicle "Blue Flame" on October 23, 1970, achieving an average speed of . Only 13,000 lbs. s.t...

Blue Flame
Blue Flame
The Blue Flame was the rocket-powered vehicle that achieved the world land speed record on Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah on October 23, 1970. The Blue Flame's kilometer record of 1014.513 km/h lasted until 1983 - for 13 years - and was set as an average of the achieved speed in both directions...

Rocket
Rocket
A rocket is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle which obtains thrust from a rocket engine. In all rockets, the exhaust is formed entirely from propellants carried within the rocket before use. Rocket engines work by action and reaction...

630.478 1014.656 622.407 1001.667
October 4, 1983 Black Rock Desert
Black Rock Desert
The Black Rock Desert is an arid region in the northern Nevada section of the Great Basin with a lakebed that is a dry remnant of Pleistocene Lake Lahontan...

, USA
 United Kingdom Richard Noble
Richard Noble
Richard Noble, OBE was the holder of the land speed record between 1983 and 1997, and was the project director of ThrustSSC, the vehicle which holds the current land speed record, set at Black Rock Desert, Nevada in 1997....

Thrust2
Thrust2
Thrust2 is a British designed and built jet propelled car, which held the world land speed record from 4 October 1983 to 25 September 1997.The car was designed by John Ackroyd and driven by Richard Noble. On October 4, 1983 the car reached a top speed of and broke the record at . This was...

Turbojet 634.051 1020.406 633.47 1019.47
September 25, 1997 Black Rock Desert
Black Rock Desert
The Black Rock Desert is an arid region in the northern Nevada section of the Great Basin with a lakebed that is a dry remnant of Pleistocene Lake Lahontan...

, USA
 United Kingdom Andy Green
Andy Green
Wing Commander Andy D. Green OBE BA RAF is a British Royal Air Force pilot and World Land Speed Record holder.-RAF career:...

ThrustSSC
ThrustSSC
ThrustSSC, also spelt Thrust SSC by secondary sources, is a British jet-propelled car developed by Richard Noble, Glynne Bowsher, Ron Ayers and Jeremy Bliss....

Turbofan
Turbofan
The turbofan is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used for aircraft propulsion. A turbofan combines two types of engines, the turbo portion which is a conventional gas turbine engine, and the fan, a propeller-like ducted fan...

713.990 1149.055 714.144 1149.303
October 15, 1997 Black Rock Desert
Black Rock Desert
The Black Rock Desert is an arid region in the northern Nevada section of the Great Basin with a lakebed that is a dry remnant of Pleistocene Lake Lahontan...

, USA
 United Kingdom Andy Green
Andy Green
Wing Commander Andy D. Green OBE BA RAF is a British Royal Air Force pilot and World Land Speed Record holder.-RAF career:...

ThrustSSC
ThrustSSC
ThrustSSC, also spelt Thrust SSC by secondary sources, is a British jet-propelled car developed by Richard Noble, Glynne Bowsher, Ron Ayers and Jeremy Bliss....

Turbofan
Turbofan
The turbofan is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used for aircraft propulsion. A turbofan combines two types of engines, the turbo portion which is a conventional gas turbine engine, and the fan, a propeller-like ducted fan...

760.343 1223.657 763.035 1227.986 First supersonic record

See also

  • List of vehicle speed records
  • Wheel-driven land speed record
    Wheel-driven land speed record
    The wheel-driven land speed record differs from the absolute land speed record in requiring that the vehicle be wheel-driven; thus, vehicles that use thrust from a jet engine or rocket are ineligible .Until 1963, the absolute land speed record holder was always a wheel-driven car...

  • British Land Speed Record
    British land speed record
    The British land speed record is the fastest land speed achieved by a vehicle in the United Kingdom, as opposed to one on water or in the air. It is standardised as the speed over a course of fixed length, averaged over two runs in opposite directions....

  • Fastest production car
  • Land speed record for railed vehicles
    Land speed record for railed vehicles
    Determination of the fastest rail vehicle in the world varies depending on the definition of "rail".Official absolute world record for conventional train is held by the French TGV...

  • Motorcycle land speed record
    Motorcycle land speed record
    The motorcycle land speed record is the fastest speed achieved by a motorcycle on land. It is standardized as the speed over a course of fixed length, averaged over two runs in opposite directions. These are special or modified motorcycles, distinct from the fastest production motorcycles. The...

  • Pioneer 2M
    Pioneer 2M
    Pioneer 2M was a Soviet Union land speed record car built in 1961 under the guidance of I. Tichomirov. The body was made of aluminum and the wheels of a magnesium alloy. It was powered by two gas turbine engines placed on either side near the driver's seat. In 1963 the sportsman and engineer J...

     - Soviet Union attempt at the land speed record in early 1960s
  • Budweiser Rocket
    Budweiser Rocket
    As the sole operator and calibrator of the radar that actually tracked the Budweiser Rocket Car during the speed of sound run at Edwards AFB, I have noted some incorrect statements provided in this article by the original author....

     - Reached a momentary top speed of 746 mph (333.5 m/s) and claimed to have broken the sound barrier
    Sound barrier
    The sound barrier, in aerodynamics, is the point at which an aircraft moves from transonic to supersonic speed. The term, which occasionally has other meanings, came into use during World War II, when a number of aircraft started to encounter the effects of compressibility, a collection of several...

     in 1979
  • North American Eagle
    North American Eagle
    The North American Eagle Project is a jet-powered automobile that is intended to challenge the 763 mph land speed record set by the ThrustSSC in 1997. It is a cooperation of Canadian and American engineers, pilots and mechanics. Their goal is , or Mach 1.058...

     - Project aiming for 808 mi/h to break current record.
  • Bloodhound SSC
    Bloodhound SSC
    Bloodhound SSC is the name of a project aiming to break the land speed record with a pencil-shaped car powered by a jet engine and a rocket designed to reach approximately...

     - Project aiming for 1050 mi/h to carry out record attempt in early 2013.
  • Rosco McGlashan
    Rosco McGlashan
    Rosco McGlashan OAM is an Australian drag racing record-holder, who currently holds the Australian land speed record at 500 mph . This record was set on the 27 March 1994 on the dry salt flats of Lake Gairdner, South Australia northwest of Adelaide.- Aussie Invader II :McGlashan set the...

     - Australia's fastest man on the land. His Aussie Invader team is building a fully rocket-powered LSR car.
  • The Bullet Project
    The Bullet Project
    The Bullet Project is a project that aims to stimulate the minds of Australia's future generations. This is to be achieved through the construction of a vehicle called The Silver Bullet RV-1...

    - Australia's Land Speed Challenger Powered by Australian Technology

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