Boston is the capital of and largest city in Massachusetts
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is bordered by Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north; at its east lies the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010...

, and is one of the oldest cities in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The largest city in New England
New England
New England is a region in the northeastern corner of the United States consisting of the six states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut...

, Boston is regarded as the unofficial "Capital of New England" for its economic and cultural impact on the entire New England region. The city proper had a population of 617,594 according to the 2010 U.S.

1630    The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.

1631    Roger Williams emigrates to Boston.

1635    The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.

1648    Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts colony.

1704    The first regular newspaper in the United States, the ''News-Letter'', is published in Boston, Massachusetts.

1774    American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.

1775    American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.

1776    The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.

1776    American Revolution: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts after George Washington and Henry Knox place artillery in positions overlooking the city.

1837    The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish.