of the United States
. On July 16, 1790, the United States Congress
approved the creation of a permanent national capital as permitted by the U.S. Constitution. The federal district
is therefore not a part of any U.S. state
. It was formed from land along the Potomac River
donated by the states of Maryland
; however, the Virginia portion was returned by Congress in 1846.
A new capital city named after George Washington
was founded in 1791 to the east of the preexisting port of Georgetown.
1789 Georgetown College, the first Roman Catholic college in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)
1790 The District of Columbia is established as the capital of the United States after signature of the Residence Act.
1791 Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
1792 In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.
1800 U.S. President John Adams takes up residence in Washington, D.C. (in a tavern because the White House was not yet completed).
1800 The United States Congress holds its first session in Washington, D.C.
1801 Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
1802 Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city.
1814 British troops invade Washington, D.C. and burn down the White House and several other buildings.
1814 Washington, D.C. is burned and White House is destroyed by British forces during the War of 1812.
"Sometimes, Washington is one of these towns where the person—people—who think they've got the sharp elbow is the most effective person." — George W. Bush :—New Orleans, Louisiana, December 3, 2002
I spent most of my childhood playing video games. Mom said, "You're wasting your time with those video games.". I work in Washington, DC. I use my Frogger skills every time I cross the street." — Basil White, "Peeing on Stonehenge"