that is part of
the United Kingdom
. It shares land borders with Scotland
to the north and Wales
to the west; the Irish Sea
is to the north west, the Celtic Sea
to the south west, with the North Sea
to the east and the English Channel
to the south separating it from continental Europe
. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain
in the North Atlantic. The country also includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly
and the Isle of Wight
The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but it takes its name from the Angles
, one of the Germanic
tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries.
927 England is unified by Athelstan of England after a long process of annexation.
959 Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
1002 English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.
1066 Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England.
1066 The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England.
1066 William the Bastard (as he was known at the time) invades England beginning the Norman Conquest.
1066 William the Conqueror is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.
1174 William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1189 Richard I "the Lionheart" is crowned King of England.
1192 Richard the Lion-Heart is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria on his way home to England after signing a treaty with Saladin ending the Third crusade.
Lords and Commons of England, consider what Nation it is whereof ye are, and whereof ye are the governors: a Nation not slow and dull, but of quick, ingenious, and piercing spirit, acute to invent, suttle and sinewy to discours, not beneath the reach of any point the highest that humane capacity can soar to.
I hope for nothing in this world so ardently as once again to see that paradise called England. I long to embrace again all my old friends there.
I am American bred; I have seen much to hate here - much to forgive. But in a world where England is finished and dead, I do not wish to live.
Non Angli sed Angeli (Not Angles but Angels).
There'll always be an England, while there's a country lane. Wherever there's a cottage small, beside a field of grain
I know an Englishman. Being flattered, is a lamb; threatened, a lion.
An Englishman's home is his castle.
Living in England, provincial England, must be like being married to a stupid, but exquisitely beautiful wife.
The south-west wind roaring in from the Atlantic.... is, I think the presiding genius of England.