in the Pacific Northwest
region of the United States
. It is located on the Pacific
, with Washington to the north, California
to the south, Nevada
on the southeast and Idaho
to the east. The Columbia
rivers delineate much of Oregon's northern and eastern boundaries, respectively. The area was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before the arrival of traders, explorers, and settlers who formed an autonomous government in Oregon Country
1792 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
1846 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.
1859 Oregon is admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.
1880 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
1919 Oregon places a 1 cent per U.S. gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
1933 Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km²).
1942 World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the United States mainland.
1942 World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.