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United Nations

United Nations

Timeline

1944   Dumbarton Oaks Conference, prelude to the United Nations, begins.

1945   Fifty nations gather in San Francisco, California to begin the United Nations Conference on International Organizations.

1945   Founding of the United Nations

1945   The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name ''Chongro''. Australia joins the United Nations.

1945   Colombia joins the United Nations.

1945   Venezuela joins the United Nations.

1945   By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations (the UN was established on October 24, 1945).

1946   The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.

1946   The last meeting of the League of Nations, the precursor of the United Nations, is held.

1946   Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.

1946   Thailand joins the United Nations.

1947   The Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Yemen join the United Nations.

1948   The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.

1948   Burma (now Myanmar) joins the United Nations.

1948   Creation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force the United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation

1948   Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City.

1949   United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.

1949   Israel joins the United Nations.

1950   Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations.

1950   United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.

1950   Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations.

1950   Indonesia joins the United Nations.

1950   Korean War: After the Chinese leadership finally settled the issue of armed intervention on October 18, the People's Republic of China joins the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu river to fight United Nations forces.

1950   Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces (the Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River and the Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.

1950   Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.

1951   Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.

1952   United Nations gives Eritrea to Ethiopia.

1952   Korean War: United Nations and South Korean forces launched Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds at the Iron Triangle. The resulting Battle of Triangle Hill was the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952.

1955   Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, Spain and Sri Lanka join the United Nations.

1956   Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.

1956   Japan joins the United Nations.

1957   Ghana joins the United Nations.

1957   Malaysia joins the United Nations.

1958   Guinea joins the United Nations.

1960   Mali and Senegal join the United Nations.

1960   Nigeria joins the United Nations.

1960   Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet Union colonial policy being conducted in Eastern Europe

1961   Sierra Leone joins the United Nations.

1961   The United Republic of Tanzania joins the United Nations.

1962   Algeria joins the United Nations.

1962   Uganda joins the United Nations.

1963   Kuwait joins the United Nations.

1964   Malawi, Malta and Zambia join the United Nations.

1965   Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.

1965   The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (also known as the Second Kashmir War) between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire.

1965   Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.

1966   Botswana and Lesotho join the United Nations.

1966   Barbados joins the United Nations.

1968   Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations.

1968   Swaziland joins the United Nations.

1968   Equatorial Guinea joins the United Nations.

1970   Fiji joins the United Nations.

1971   U.N. Secretary General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.

1971   The Soviet Union says it will support the People's Republic of China's admission to the United Nations

1971   Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.

1971   The United Nations seated the People's Republic of China and expelled the Republic of China (see political status of Taiwan and China and the United Nations)

1971   Representatives of the People's Republic of China attend the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, for the first time.

1971   The United Arab Emirates join the United Nations.

1973   A United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.

1974   Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau join the United Nations.

1975   The Cape Verde Islands, Mozambique, and Sao Tome and Principe join the United Nations.

1975   Papua New Guinea joins the United Nations.

1975   United Nations Resolution 3379: United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism (the resolution is repealed in December 1991 by Resolution 4686).

1975   The Comoros joins the United Nations.

1975   Suriname joins the United Nations.

1976   Angola joins the United Nations.

1976   Samoa becomes a member of the United Nations.

1977   The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.

1977   Djibouti and Vietnam join the United Nations.

1978   The Solomon Islands join the United Nations.

1978   Dominica joins the United Nations.

1980   Zimbabwe joins the United Nations.

1980   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines join the United Nations.

1981   Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.

1981   Antigua and Barbuda joins the United Nations.

1982   Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary General of the United Nations.

1983   Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.

1984   Brunei joins the United Nations.

1987   According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 (5 billion) mark.

1988   In a United Nations ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland, the Soviet Union signs an agreement pledging to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.

1990   Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1990   Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.

1991   The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.

1991   Bicesse Accords in Angola lay out a transition to multi-party democracy under the supervision of the United Nations' UNAVEM II mission.

1991   Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.

1992   Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan join the United Nations.

1992   Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia join the United Nations.

1992   Georgia joins the United Nations.

1992   UN Security Council Resolution 794 is unanimously passed, approving a coalition of United Nations peacekeepers led by the United States to form UNITAF, with the task of establishing peace and ensuring that humanitarian aid is distributed in Somalia.

1993   Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations.

1993   The Republic of Macedonia joins the United Nations.

1993   Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.

1993   Eritrea and Monaco join the United Nations.

1993   Andorra joins the United Nations.

1994   Palau gains independence from the United Nations (trusteeship administered by the United States of America).

1994   Palau becomes a member of the United Nations.

1995   The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a cease-fire brokered by the UN.

1996   U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.

1997   Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary General of the United Nations.

1998   The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.

1998   Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.

1999   Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1999   Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

1999   The United Nations establishes the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women to commemorate the murder of three Mirabal Sisters for resistance against the Rafael Trujillo dictatorship in Dominican Republic.

1999   Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

2000   A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.

2000   Tuvalu joins the United Nations.

2000   Serbia joins the United Nations.

2002   The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He dies four years later before its conclusion.

2002   Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.

2002   Switzerland, traditionally a neutral country, joins the United Nations.

2002   Timor-Leste (East Timor) joins the United Nations.

2002   Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.

2003   A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.

2003   The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.

2007   Two car bombs explode at the Constitutional Court building in Algiers and the United Nations office. An estimated 45 people are killed in the bombings.

2008   Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all charges by a United Nations Tribunal accusing him of war crimes.