and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans
. Serbia borders Hungary
to the north; Romania
to the east; the Republic of Macedonia
to the south; and Croatia
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
, and Montenegro
to the west; additionally, it borders Albania
, whose status as part of Serbia is disputed.
1331 Stephen Uroš IV Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
1389 The Ottomans defeat the Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).
1835 The first constitutional law in modern Serbia was adopted.
1868 The assassination of Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
1878 Treaty of Berlin: the European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
1881 Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
1909 Serbia accepts Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1912 Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
1912 Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long First Balkan War.
1913 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.