off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula
, 137 kilometres (85.1 mi) north of the equator
. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor
to its north and from Indonesia
's Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait
to its south. Singapore is highly urbanised but almost half of the country is covered by greenery.
1819 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.
1819 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles leaves Singapore after just taking it over, leaving it in the hands of William Farquhar.
1867 Singapore becomes a British crown colony.
1886 The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
1942 The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore during World War II.
1942 Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
1943 Double Tenth Incident in Japanese controlled Singapore
1954 The anti-National Service Riots, by Chinese Middle School students in Singapore, take place.
1957 Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
1959 The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.