Argentine Air Force

Argentine Air Force

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Encyclopedia
The Argentine Air Force is the national aviation branch
Air force
An air force, also known in some countries as an air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military organization that primarily conducts aerial warfare. More specifically, it is the branch of a nation's armed services that is responsible for aerial warfare as distinct from an army, navy or...

 of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic. , it had 14,606 military and 6,854 civilian staff.

History


The Air Force's history begins with the establishment of the Argentine Army Aviation
Argentine Army Aviation
The Argentine Army Aviation is the army aviation branch of the Argentine Army...

's Escuela de Aviación Militar (Military Aviation School) on 10 August 1912. Several military officers were amongst the pioneers of Argentine aviation, including Jorge Newbery
Jorge Newbery
Jorge "George" Newbery, born Jorge Alejandro Newbery , was an Argentine pilot of North American descent. His father, Ralph Newbery , emigrated from Long Island, to Argentina after the American Civil War...

, a retired Argentine Navy
Argentine Navy
The Navy of the Argentine Republic or Armada of the Argentine Republic is the navy of Argentina. It is one of the three branches of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic, together with the Army and the Air Force....

 officer. The School began to turn out military pilots who participated in milestone events in Argentine aviation, such as the crossing of the Andes mountains.

In 1927 the (General Directorate of Aeronautics) was created to coordinate the country's military aviation. In that same year the Fábrica Militar de Aviones
Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina
The Fábrica Argentina de Aviones or FAdeA SA officially Fábrica Argentina de Aviones "Brigadier San Martín" S.A., is Argentina's main aircraft manufacturer. Founded on 10 October 1927 and located in Córdoba, for most of its existence it was known as Fábrica Militar de Aviones , until its...

 (Military Aircraft Factory, FMA), which would become the heart of the country's aviation industry, was founded in Córdoba
Córdoba, Argentina
Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about northwest of Buenos Aires. It is the capital of Córdoba Province. Córdoba is the second-largest city in Argentina after the federal capital Buenos Aires, with...

.

By 1938-39 the Argentinian air force had about 3,200 staff (including about 200 officers), and maintained about 230 aircraft. About 150 of these were operated by the army and included Dewoitine D.27
Dewoitine D.27
|-See also:-External links:*...

 and Curtiss P-36 Hawk fighters; Breguet 19
Breguet 19
The Breguet 19 was a light bomber and reconnaissance plane, also used for long-distance flights, designed by the French Breguet company and produced from 1924.-Development:...

, Fairey III
Fairey III
The Fairey Aviation Company Fairey III was a family of British reconnaissance biplanes that enjoyed a very long production and service history in both landplane and seaplane variants...

 and Stearman 76 D1
Stearman Aircraft
Stearman Aircraft Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer in Wichita, Kansas. Although the company designed a range of other aircraft, it is most known for producing the Model 75, which is commonly known simply as the "Stearman" or "Boeing Stearman"....

 reconnaissance planes; Northrop A-17
Northrop A-17
The Northrop A-17, a development of the Northrop Gamma 2F was a two seat, single engine, monoplane, attack bomber built in 1935 by the Northrop Corporation for the US Army Air Corps.-Development and design:...

, North American NA-16, Martin B-10
Martin B-10
The Martin B-10 was the first all-metal monoplane bomber to go into regular use by the United States Army Air Corps, entering service in June 1934...

 heavy combat craft, Focke-Wulf Fw 58 as multi-role planes, and Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra
|-See also:-References:NotesBibliography* Francillon, René J. Lockheed Aircraft since 1913. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-835-6.-External links:*...

, Junkers Ju 52
Junkers Ju 52
The Junkers Ju 52 was a German transport aircraft manufactured from 1932 to 1945. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s. In a civilian role, it flew with over 12 air carriers including Swissair and Deutsche Luft Hansa as an airliner and freight hauler...

, Douglas Dolphin, Curtiss T-32 Condor II
Curtiss T-32 Condor II
|-Accidents and incidents:*On 27 July 1934, Swissair Condor CH-170 broke up in mid-air and crashed at Tuttlingen, Germany killing all 12 passengers and crew.-See also:-References:...

 and Fairchild 82
Fairchild 82
-Bibliography:* Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.* Milberry, Larry. Aviation In Canada. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-07-082778-8....

 transporters. About 80 were operated by the navy and included the Supermarine Southampton
Supermarine Southampton
-See also:-References:NotesBibliography* Andrews, C.F. and E.B. Morgan. Supermarine Aircraft since 1914 . London: Putnam, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-800-3....

, Supermarine Walrus
Supermarine Walrus
The Supermarine Walrus was a British single-engine amphibious biplane reconnaissance aircraft designed by R. J. Mitchell and operated by the Fleet Air Arm . It also served with the Royal Air Force , Royal Australian Air Force , Royal Canadian Air Force , Royal New Zealand Navy and Royal New...

, Fairey Seal
Fairey Seal
|-Operators:*Argentine Navy* Latvian Navy* Peruvian Air Force* Peruvian Navy* Royal Air Force* Fleet Air Arm-See also:-References:*Sturtivant, R...

, and Vought Corsair
Vought Corsair
Vought Corsair is the name of several former aircraft of the US Navy*Vought O2U Corsair, a biplane scout and observation aircraft.*Vought F4U Corsair, a single-engined, single-seat shipborne fighter*LTV A-7 Corsair II, a single-seat light jet attack aircraft...

 variants, Consolidated P2Y
Consolidated P2Y
-Bibliography:*Donald, David. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.*Eden, Paul and Soph Moeng. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2002. ISBN 0-7607-3432-1....

, and Grumman J2F Duck
Grumman J2F Duck
|-Popular culture:* A J2F Duck was used in the 1971 film Murphy's War, which includes a spectacular three-minute rough water takeoff scene along with numerous flying and aerobatic sequences...

.

By the 1940s there were several air units in the Army
Argentine Army
The Argentine Army is the land armed force branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic and the senior military service of the country.- History :...

 and the Navy; the first step towards an independent force came on 11 February 1944 with the establishment of the Aeronautical Command, which would go on to become the Argentine Air Force on 4 January 1945, an independent force on par with the Army and the Navy.

Immediately after the end of World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, in which the Argentine Air Force took no part, it began a process of modernization, incorporating aircraft such as the Gloster Meteor
Gloster Meteor
The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies' first operational jet. It first flew in 1943 and commenced operations on 27 July 1944 with 616 Squadron of the Royal Air Force...

 jet fighter, thus becoming the first air force in Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

 equipped with jet-propelled aircraft. In addition, a number of Avro Lincoln
Avro Lincoln
The Avro Type 694, better known as the Avro Lincoln, was a British four-engined heavy bomber, which first flew on 9 June 1944. Developed from the Avro Lancaster, the first Lincoln variants were known initially as the Lancaster IV and V, but were renamed Lincoln I and II...

 and Avro Lancaster
Avro Lancaster
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber made initially by Avro for the Royal Air Force . It first saw active service in 1942, and together with the Handley Page Halifax it was one of the main heavy bombers of the RAF, the RCAF, and squadrons from other...

 bombers were acquired, creating a powerful strategic force in the region. The Air Force, with former Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe is a generic German term for an air force. It is also the official name for two of the four historic German air forces, the Wehrmacht air arm founded in 1935 and disbanded in 1946; and the current Bundeswehr air arm founded in 1956....

 technician
Technician
A technician is a worker in a field of technology who is proficient in the relevant skills and techniques, with a relatively practical understanding of the theoretical principles. Experienced technicians in a specific tool domain typically have intermediate understanding of theory and expert...

s, also began to develop its own aircraft
Aircraft
An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.Although...

, such as the Pulqui I and Pulqui II
FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II
The FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II was a jet fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1940s in Argentina, under the Perón government, and built by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones...

, making Argentina the first country in Latin America and the sixth in the world to develop jet fighter technology on its own.

In 1952 the Air Force began flight to supply the Antarctic scientific bases using ski-equipped C-47s and establishing Marambio Base
Marambio Base
Prior to the base's foundation a team led by Vice-Commodore Mario Luis Olezza built the 1200 m long, 40 m wide landing track, the first one in the continent. Nowadays, the track, oriented 05/23, is equipped with VOR, DME and NDB electronic landing systems. It also has a radio beacon,...

 on 25 September 1969. On 11 April 1970 they began landing C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed, now Lockheed Martin. Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medical evacuation, and cargo transport...

 aircraft, when the TC-61 commanded by Commodore Arturo Athos Gandolfi was the first airplane to land in Marambio, and the Fokker F-28 Fellowship presidential aircraft T-01 Patagonia is reported to be the first jet to have landed at Marambio, on 28 July 1973. and since the 1970s Twin Otter
De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
The DHC-6 Twin Otter is a Canadian 19-passenger STOL utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada and currently produced by Viking Air. The aircraft's fixed tricycle undercarriage, STOL abilities and high rate of climb have made it a successful cargo, regional passenger airliner and MEDEVAC...

s are also deployed.

During the 1970s the Air Force re-equipped itself with modern aircraft, including Mirage III interceptors, IAI Dagger multi-role fighters (Israeli derivatives of the Mirage V), A-4 Skyhawk
A-4 Skyhawk
The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a carrier-capable ground-attack aircraft designed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The delta winged, single-engined Skyhawk was designed and produced by Douglas Aircraft Company, and later McDonnell Douglas. It was originally designated the A4D...

 attack aircraft and C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed, now Lockheed Martin. Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medical evacuation, and cargo transport...

 cargo planes. Also, a counter-insurgency
Counter-insurgency
A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency involves actions taken by the recognized government of a nation to contain or quell an insurgency taken up against it...

 airplane, the Pucará
FMA IA 58 Pucará
The FMA IA 58 Pucará is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency aircraft. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones.-Development:...

, was used in substantial numbers.

The Falklands War
Falklands War
The Falklands War , also called the Falklands Conflict or Falklands Crisis, was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the disputed Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands...

 ( ), took a great toll on the Air Force, which lost 60 aircraft. After the war, due to the deteriorating economic situation, international opposition and political distrust of the military, the Air Force was denied the resources needed to replace the war losses. This, coupled with diminishing budgets, led to a period of reduced activity and growing materiel obsolescence.

After the war Britain imposed an arms embargo on Argentina, which was discontinued in the 1990s. After attempts to acquire surplus IAI Kfir
IAI Kfir
The Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir is an Israeli-built all-weather, multirole combat aircraft based on a modified Dassault Mirage 5 airframe, with Israeli avionics and an Israeli-made version of the General Electric J79 turbojet engine.-Background:...

s or F-16As failed for economic and political reasons, the United States
Military of the United States
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States. They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard.The United States has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military...

 sold Argentina 36 A-4AR Fightinghawk
A-4AR Fightinghawk
The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk is a major upgrade of the McDonnell Douglas A-4M Skyhawk attack aircraft developed for the Argentine Air Force which entered service in 1998...

s, a refurbished and upgraded version of the A-4 Skyhawk
A-4 Skyhawk
The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a carrier-capable ground-attack aircraft designed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The delta winged, single-engined Skyhawk was designed and produced by Douglas Aircraft Company, and later McDonnell Douglas. It was originally designated the A4D...

s used in the war.

The FAA has been greatly involved in United Nations
United Nations
The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace...

 peacekeeping
Peacekeeping
Peacekeeping is an activity that aims to create the conditions for lasting peace. It is distinguished from both peacebuilding and peacemaking....

 missions around the world. They sent a Boeing 707
Boeing 707
The Boeing 707 is a four-engine narrow-body commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. Its name is most commonly pronounced as "Seven Oh Seven". The first airline to operate the 707 was Pan American World Airways, inaugurating the type's first commercial flight on...

 to the 1991 Gulf War
Gulf War
The Persian Gulf War , commonly referred to as simply the Gulf War, was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.The war is also known under other names, such as the First Gulf...

. Since 1994 the UN Air contingent (UNFLIGHT) in Cyprus
Cyprus
Cyprus , officially the Republic of Cyprus , is a Eurasian island country, member of the European Union, in the Eastern Mediterranean, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and north of Egypt. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.The earliest known human activity on the...

 under UNFICYP mandate is provided by the FAA, having achieved 10,000 flight hours by 2003 without any accidents. The FAA has also since 2005 deployed Bell 212 helicopters to Haiti
Haiti
Haiti , officially the Republic of Haiti , is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island...

 under MINUSTAH mandate.
In early 2005 the top seventeen brigadier
Brigadier
Brigadier is a senior military rank, the meaning of which is somewhat different in different military services. The brigadier rank is generally superior to the rank of colonel, and subordinate to major general....

s of the Air Force, including the Chief of Staff, Brigadier General Carlos Rohde, were sacked by President
President of Argentina
The President of the Argentine Nation , usually known as the President of Argentina, is the head of state of Argentina. Under the national Constitution, the President is also the chief executive of the federal government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.Through Argentine history, the...

 Néstor Kirchner
Néstor Kirchner
Néstor Carlos Kirchner was an Argentine politician who served as the 54th President of Argentina from 25 May 2003 until 10 December 2007. Previously, he was Governor of Santa Cruz Province since 10 December 1991. He briefly served as Secretary General of the Union of South American Nations ...

 following a scandal involving drug trafficking through Ezeiza International Airport. Kirchner cited failures in the security systems of Argentine airport
Airport
An airport is a location where aircraft such as fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, and blimps take off and land. Aircraft may be stored or maintained at an airport...

s (which were overseen by the National Aeronautic Police, a branch of the Air Force) and cover-ups of the scandal; it later became known that many government agencies, among them the Interior Ministry, the Customs
Customs
Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods including animals, transports, personal effects and hazardous items in and out of a country...

 Administration and the Secretariat of State Intelligence
Secretaría de Inteligencia
Secretaría de Inteligencia is the premier intelligence agency of the Argentine Republic and head of its National Intelligence System....

 knew about the drug trafficking.

The primary concerns of the Air Force are the establishment of a radar network for control
Air traffic control
Air traffic control is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air. The primary purpose of ATC systems worldwide is to separate aircraft to prevent collisions, to organize and expedite the flow of traffic, and to provide information and other...

 of the country's airspace, the replacement of its older combat aircraft (Mirage III, Mirage V) and the incorporation of new technologies. The possibility of purchasing surplus French Air Force
French Air Force
The French Air Force , literally Army of the Air) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1933...

 Mirage 2000C fighters, like the option chosen by the Brazilian Air Force
Brazilian Air Force
The Brazilian Air Force is the air branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces and one of the three national uniformed services. The FAB was formed when the Army and Navy air branch were merged into a single military force initially called "National Air Forces"...

, has been considered.

Since the 1990s the FAA has established good relations with its neighbours, the Brazilian
Brazilian Air Force
The Brazilian Air Force is the air branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces and one of the three national uniformed services. The FAB was formed when the Army and Navy air branch were merged into a single military force initially called "National Air Forces"...

 and Chilean Air Force
Chilean Air Force
The Chilean Air Force is the air force of Chile, a branch of the Chilean military.-History:The first step towards the current FACh was taken by Teniente Coronel Pedro Pablo Dartnell, when he founded the Servicio de Aviación Militar de Chile on December 20, 1910, being trained as a pilot in France...

s. They annually meet, on a rotation basis, in the joint exercises Cruzex in Brazil
Military of Brazil
The Brazilian Armed Forces is the unified military organization comprising the Brazilian Army , the Brazilian Navy and the Brazilian Air Force....

, Ceibo in Argentina and Salitre in Chile
Military of Chile
Chile's armed forces are subject to civilian control exercised by the president through the Minister of Defense. Military service of 12 to 24 months is mandatory for all male citizens upon turning 18. This conscription service can be postponed for educational or religious reasons...

.
In 2007 an FAA FMA IA 58 Pucará
FMA IA 58 Pucará
The FMA IA 58 Pucará is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency aircraft. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones.-Development:...

 was converted to use a modified engine operating on soy-derived bio-jet fuel
Biofuel
Biofuel is a type of fuel whose energy is derived from biological carbon fixation. Biofuels include fuels derived from biomass conversion, as well as solid biomass, liquid fuels and various biogases...

. The project, financed and directed by the Argentine Government (), made Argentina the second nation in the world to propel an aircraft with biojet fuel. The purpose of the project is to make the FAA less reliant on fossil fuels.

budgetary constraints continued, leading to the disbanding of the Boeing 707
Boeing 707
The Boeing 707 is a four-engine narrow-body commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. Its name is most commonly pronounced as "Seven Oh Seven". The first airline to operate the 707 was Pan American World Airways, inaugurating the type's first commercial flight on...

 transport squadron and maintenance problems for half of the C-130 Hercules
C-130 Hercules
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed, now Lockheed Martin. Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medical evacuation, and cargo transport...

 fleet. This was particularly evident when, in a matter of days in March of that year, the same C-130 aircraft could be seen, in addition to their routine missions, traveling 3 to times to Haiti, 9 times to Chile (in both cases delivering humanitarian aid
Humanitarian aid
Humanitarian aid is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises including natural disaster and man-made disaster. The primary objective of humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity...

) and also doing a resupply airdrop to the Argentine southernmost Antarctic base Belgrano II.

In August 2010 a contract was signed for two Mi-17E
Mil Mi-17
The Mil Mi-17 is a Russian helicopter currently in production at two factories in Kazan and Ulan-Ude...

 helicopter
Helicopter
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by one or more engine-driven rotors. This allows the helicopter to take off and land vertically, to hover, and to fly forwards, backwards, and laterally...

s, plus an option on a further three, to support Antarctic bases
Argentine Antarctica
Argentine Antarctica is a sector of Antarctica claimed by Argentina as part of its national territory. The Argentine Antarctic region, consisting of the Antarctic Peninsula and a triangular section extending to the South Pole, is delimited by the 25° West and 74° West meridians and the 60° South...

  although no official destination form them have been release yet and is possible that they will be assigned to the Argentine Army Aviation
Argentine Army Aviation
The Argentine Army Aviation is the army aviation branch of the Argentine Army...

.

Organization


The Argentine Air Force is one of the three branches of the Argentine military, having equal status with the Army and the Navy. The President of Argentina is Commander-in-Chief of all three services.

The Air Force is headed by the Chief of the General Staff (), directly appointed and removed by the President. The Air Force Chief of Staff usually holds the rank of Brigadier General, the highest rank of the Air Force. The Chief of Staff is seconded by a Deputy Chief of the General Staff and three senior officers in charge of the Air Force's three Commands: the Air Operations Command, the Personnel Command and the Materiel Command.

The Air Operations Command () is the branch of the Air Force responsible for aerospace defense, air operations, planning, training, technical and logistical support of the air units. Subordinate to the Air Operations Command are the Air Brigades (), the Air Force's major operative units. A total of eight Air Brigades are currently operational. Brigades are headquartered at Military Air Bases ( (BAMs).
Each Air Brigade is made up of three Groups, each bearing the same number as their mother Brigade
Brigade
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of two to five battalions, plus supporting elements depending on the era and nationality of a given army and could be perceived as an enlarged/reinforced regiment...

. These groups include:
  • One Air Group (), which operates the aircraft assigned to the Brigade. The Air Group is divided into a variable number of Air Squadron
    Squadron (aviation)
    A squadron in air force, army aviation or naval aviation is mainly a unit comprising a number of military aircraft, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force...

    s. Air Groups may be named according to their primary mission, for example an air group specialized in fighter operations receives the designation of Fighter Group (Grupo de Caza). Currently the Air Force includes three Fighter Groups (4th, 5th and 6th), one Attack Group (3rd), one Transport Group (1st) and three plain Air Groups (2nd, 7th and 9th). The 7th Air Group operates all the helicopters of the Air Force, while the 2nd includes a small reconnaissance unit as well as light transport aircraft. 9th Air Group is a light transport unit.
  • One Technical Group (), in charge of the maintenance and repair of the Brigade's aircraft.
  • One Base Group (), responsible for the air base itself, weather forecasting, flight control, runway maintenance, etc. Base Groups also include Base Flights (), generally made up of two or three liaison aircraft.


The Personnel Command () is responsible for the training, education, assignment and welfare of Air Force personnel. Under the control of the Personnel Command are the Military Aviation School (which educates the future officers of the Air Force), the Air Force Non-Commissioned Officer
Non-commissioned officer
A non-commissioned officer , called a sub-officer in some countries, is a military officer who has not been given a commission...

 (NCO) School and other educational and training units.

The Materiel Command () deals with planning and executing the Air Force's logistics regarding flying and ground materiel. Materiel Command includes "Quilmes" and "Río Cuarto" Materiel Areas (repairing and maintenance units) and "El Palomar" Logistical Area.

Ranks


Officers

Officers wear their rank insignia in their sleeves, in the pattern depicted below. There are also shoulderboards with the same insignia (albeit in gray) for the ranks between Ensign
Ensign (rank)
Ensign is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. As the junior officer in an infantry regiment was traditionally the carrier of the ensign flag, the rank itself acquired the name....

 and Commodore
Commodore (rank)
Commodore is a military rank used in many navies that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral. Non-English-speaking nations often use the rank of flotilla admiral or counter admiral as an equivalent .It is often regarded as a one-star rank with a NATO code of OF-6, but is not always...

. General officers wear different shoulderboards.
Equivalent NATO Rank Code Rank in Spanish Rank in English Commonwealth equivalent US Air Force equivalent
OF8 / OF-9 Brigadier General Air Marshal
Air Marshal
Air marshal is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force...

 or Air Chief Marshal
Air Chief Marshal
Air chief marshal is a senior 4-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force...

Lieutenant General or General
OF-7 Brigadier-Major Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Air vice-marshal is a two-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in...

Major General
OF-6 Brigadier Air Commodore
Air Commodore
Air commodore is an air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force...

Brigadier General
OF-5 Commodore Group Captain
Group Captain
Group captain is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. It ranks above wing commander and immediately below air commodore...

Colonel
OF-4 Vice-Commodore Wing Commander
Wing Commander (rank)
Wing commander is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries...

Lieutenant Colonel
OF-3 Major Squadron Leader
Squadron Leader
Squadron Leader is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence. It is also sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. In these...

Major
OF-2 Captain Flight Lieutenant
Flight Lieutenant
Flight lieutenant is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. It ranks above flying officer and immediately below squadron leader. The name of the rank is the complete phrase; it is never shortened to "lieutenant"...

Captain
OF-1 First Lieutenant Flying Officer
Flying Officer
Flying officer is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence...

First Lieutenant
OF-1 Lieutenant Pilot Officer
Pilot Officer
Pilot officer is the lowest commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. It ranks immediately below flying officer...


Second Lieutenant
OF-D Ensign Acting Pilot Officer
Acting Pilot Officer
Acting Pilot Officer is the lowest commissioned grade in the Royal Air Force, being immediately junior to Pilot Officer. Unlike other RAF ranks which officers may hold in an acting capacity, Acting Pilot Officer is maintained as a separate grade. It normally denotes an officer who has recently...



Enlisted personnel and Non-Commissioned Officers
Insignia Rank in Spanish Rank in English US Air Force equivalent
Sub-Officer Major Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
CMSgt ChevronChief Master Sergeant is the ninth, and highest, enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Master Sergeant, and is a senior non-commissioned officer. The official term of address is "Chief Master Sergeant" or "Chief".Attaining the rank of Chief Master Sergeant is the...

Principal Sub-Officer Senior Master Sergeant
Senior Master Sergeant
Senior Master Sergeant is the eighth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Master Sergeant and below Chief Master Sergeant and is a senior non-commissioned officer ....

Staff Sub-Officer or Adjutant Sub-Officer Master Sergeant
Master Sergeant
A master sergeant is the military rank for a senior non-commissioned officer in some armed forces.-Israel Defense Forces:Rav samal rishoninsignia IDF...

Auxiliary Sub-Officer
Sub-Officer
Sub-Officer is a term used in many military forces used to indicate ranks below commissioned officers. Sub-Officer is equivalent to the term NCO in the Commonwealth and USA...

Technical Sergeant
Technical Sergeant
Technical Sergeant is the name of one current and two former enlisted ranks in the United States military.-United States Air Force:Technical Sergeant, or Tech Sergeant, is the sixth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Staff Sergeant and below Master Sergeant. A technical sergeant is...

Principal Corporal Staff Sergeant
Staff Sergeant
Staff sergeant is a rank of non-commissioned officer used in several countries.The origin of the name is that they were part of the staff of a British army regiment and paid at that level rather than as a member of a battalion or company.-Australia:...

Corporal First Class Senior Airman
Senior Airman
Senior airman is the fourth enlisted rank in the United States Air Force, just above airman first class and below staff sergeant. It has a pay grade of E-4...

Corporal Airman First Class
Airman First Class
Airman first class is the third enlisted rank in the United States Air Force, just above airman and below senior airman. The rank of airman first class is considered a junior enlisted rank, with the non-commissioned officers and senior non-commissioned officers above it.Airman first class is a...

Volunteer First Class Airman
Airman
An airman is a member of the air component of a nation's armed service. In the United States Air Force and the Royal Air Force , it can also refer to a specific enlisted rank...

Volunteer Second Class Airman Basic
Airman Basic
Airman Basic is the lowest enlisted rank in the United States Air Force , immediately below Airman. The pay grade for Airman Basic is E-1.As opposed to all other USAF enlisted and officer ranks, Airman Basic has no rank insignia affiliated...


Order of battle





  • 1st Air Brigade (El Palomar Military Air Base, Buenos Aires Province
    Buenos Aires Province
    The Province of Buenos Aires is the largest and most populous province of Argentina. It takes the name from the city of Buenos Aires, which used to be the provincial capital until it was federalized in 1880...

    ) in El Palomar Airport
    El Palomar Airport
    El Palomar Airport , is a military airport in El Palomar, Argentina. It is the homebase of Argentine Air Force 1st Air Brigade , located west of Buenos Aires, near the El Palomar station of the San Martín railway line.- Facilities :...

  1. 1st Air Transport Squadron (C-130 Hercules
    C-130 Hercules
    The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed, now Lockheed Martin. Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medical evacuation, and cargo transport...

    )
  2. 2nd Air Transport Squadron (Fokker F-28)
    • 2nd Air Brigade (Paraná Military Air Base, Entre Ríos Province
      Entre Ríos Province
      Entre Ríos is a northeastern province of Argentina, located in the Mesopotamia region. It borders the provinces of Buenos Aires , Corrientes and Santa Fe , and Uruguay in the east....

      ) in General Justo José de Urquiza Airport
  3. 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron (Learjet 35A)
  4. 4th Air Transport Squadron (Fokker F-27)
    • 3rd Air Brigade (Reconquista Military Air Base, Santa Fe Province
      Santa Fe Province
      The Invincible Province of Santa Fe, in Spanish Provincia Invencible de Santa Fe , is a province of Argentina, located in the center-east of the country. Neighboring provinces are from the north clockwise Chaco , Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Santiago del Estero...

      ) in Daniel Jukic Airport
  5. 2nd Attack Squadron (IA-58A Pucara
    FMA IA 58 Pucará
    The FMA IA 58 Pucará is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency aircraft. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones.-Development:...

    )
  6. 3rd Attack Squadron (IA-58A Pucara
    FMA IA 58 Pucará
    The FMA IA 58 Pucará is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency aircraft. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones.-Development:...

    )
    • 4th Air Brigade (El Plumerillo Military Air Base, Mendoza Province
      Mendoza Province
      The Province of Mendoza is a province of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. It borders to the north with San Juan, the south with La Pampa and Neuquén, the east with San Luis, and to the west with the republic of Chile; the international limit is...

      ) in Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport
      Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport
      Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport , better known as El Plumerillo International Airport, is located northeast of the center of Mendoza, a city in the Mendoza Province of Argentina...

  7. 1st Training Squadron (Lockheed Martin AT-63 Pampa
    FMA IA 63 Pampa
    |-See also:-References:*Flores, Jackson, . "The Pampa...A Tutor with a Teutonic Flavour". Air International, February 1987, Vol 32 No. 2. Bromley, UK:Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634. pp. 59—66, 90....

     serie 2)
  8. 3rd Search and Rescue Squadron (SA-315B Lama)
  9. 4th Cruz del Sur Aerobatics Squadron (Su-29
    Sukhoi Su-29
    |-See also:-References:*Lambert, Martin. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993-94. Coulsdon, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0 7106 1066 1....

    )
  10. Fighter School
    • 5th Air Brigade (Villa Reynolds Military Air Base, San Luis Province
      San Luis Province
      San Luis is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country . Neighboring provinces are, from the north clockwise, La Rioja, Córdoba, La Pampa, Mendoza and San Juan.-History:...

      ) in Villa Reynolds Airport
  11. 1st Fighter-Bomber Squadron (A-4AR Fightinghawk
    A-4AR Fightinghawk
    The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk is a major upgrade of the McDonnell Douglas A-4M Skyhawk attack aircraft developed for the Argentine Air Force which entered service in 1998...

    )
  12. 2nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron (A-4AR Fightinghawk
    A-4AR Fightinghawk
    The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk is a major upgrade of the McDonnell Douglas A-4M Skyhawk attack aircraft developed for the Argentine Air Force which entered service in 1998...

    )
    • 6th Air Brigade (Tandil Military Air Base, Buenos Aires Province
      Buenos Aires Province
      The Province of Buenos Aires is the largest and most populous province of Argentina. It takes the name from the city of Buenos Aires, which used to be the provincial capital until it was federalized in 1880...

      , Mirage IIIEA/DA, Mirage 5PA, IAI Finger) in Tandil Airport
      Tandil Airport
      The Aeropuerto de Tandil , is an airport located 18 kilometers northwest from the city of Tandil, in the Province of Buenos Aires.Its address is Sección Chacras - Acceso a Base Aérea S/N , exactly on 37° 13' 31" S and 59° 13' 40" W....

  13. 1st Fighter-Bomber Squadron (AMD Mirage 5P Mara)
  14. 2nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron (IAI Finger)
  15. 3rd Air Interceptor Squadron (AMD Mirage IIIEA/DA
    Dassault Mirage III
    The Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed by Dassault Aviation during the late 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. It was a successful fighter aircraft, being sold to many air forces around the world and remaining in production for over a decade...

    )
    • 7th Air Brigade (Moreno Military Air Base, Buenos Aires Province
      Buenos Aires Province
      The Province of Buenos Aires is the largest and most populous province of Argentina. It takes the name from the city of Buenos Aires, which used to be the provincial capital until it was federalized in 1880...

      ) in Mariano Moreno Airport
  16. 1st Search and Rescue Squadron (Bell 212)
  17. 2nd Tactical Squadron (Hughes 500D)
  18. 3rd Squadron (UH-1H
    UH-1 Iroquois
    The Bell UH-1 Iroquois is a military helicopter powered by a single, turboshaft engine, with a two-bladed main rotor and tail rotor. The helicopter was developed by Bell Helicopter to meet the United States Army's requirement for a medical evacuation and utility helicopter in 1952, and first flew...

    )
  19. 4th Squadron (UH-1H
    UH-1 Iroquois
    The Bell UH-1 Iroquois is a military helicopter powered by a single, turboshaft engine, with a two-bladed main rotor and tail rotor. The helicopter was developed by Bell Helicopter to meet the United States Army's requirement for a medical evacuation and utility helicopter in 1952, and first flew...

    , Hughes 500E)
    • 9th Air Brigade (Comodoro Rivadavia Military Air Base, Chubut Province
      Chubut Province
      Chubut a province in the southern part of Argentina situated between the 42nd parallel south and the 46th parallel south , the Andes range separating Argentina from Chile, and the Atlantic ocean...

      ) in General Enrique Mosconi International Airport
      General Enrique Mosconi International Airport
      General Enrique Mosconi International Airport is an airport in Chubut Province, Argentina serving the city of Comodoro Rivadavia. It is the main hub from LADE and it's also served by Aerolíneas Argentinas and LAN Argentina...

  20. 6th Air Transport Squadron (SAAB 340B)
  21. 7th Air Transport Squadron (DHC-6 Twin Otter)
    • Military Aviation School (Cordoba, Córdoba Province)
  22. Glider Flight
  23. Services Squadron
  24. Mentor Squadron (Mentor B-45
    T-34 Mentor
    The Beechcraft T-34 Mentor is a propeller-driven, single-engined, military trainer aircraft derived from the Beechcraft Model 35 Bonanza. The earlier versions of the T-34, dating from around the late 1940s to the 1950s, were piston-engined. These were eventually succeeded by the upgraded T-34C...

    )
  25. Tucano Squadron (Embraer EMB-312 Tucano)
    • Special Operations Group
      Special Operations Group (Argentina)
      The Special Operations Group is a special operations force of the Argentine Air Force. This strategic division, headquartered at Morón Air Base in the Buenos Aires province, is mainly responsible for resolving aircraft hijacking issues....

       
    • Agrupación Aérea Presidencial
      Agrupación Aérea Presidencial
      Agrupación Aérea Presidencial is the Head of State Air Transport Unit of Argentina.- Background :The Presidential Air Group is a small fleet of Argentine Air Force aircraft and helicopters for official use by the President, immediate family and senior government officials...

      , Presidential transportation Unit

Inventory


The FAA operates 181 aircraft of various types (2011). This includes 15 fighter aircraft and 26 ground-attack aircraft. In addition the FAA has 24 turboprop
Turboprop
A turboprop engine is a type of turbine engine which drives an aircraft propeller using a reduction gear.The gas turbine is designed specifically for this application, with almost all of its output being used to drive the propeller...

 ground-attack aircraft.

! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|Aircraft
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|Origin
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|Type
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|Versions
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|Quantity
! style="text-align: left; background: #aabccc;"|Notes
|-----
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Fighter Aircraft
Fighter aircraft
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed primarily to attack ground targets...


|-----
| Dassault Mirage III
Dassault Mirage III
The Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed by Dassault Aviation during the late 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. It was a successful fighter aircraft, being sold to many air forces around the world and remaining in production for over a decade...


|
| Fighter aircraft
Fighter aircraft
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed primarily to attack ground targets...


| Mirage IIIEA
Mirage IIIDA
| 8
1
| verification? expected to be replaced by 12 Mirage F-1EJ & 1 Mirage F1BJ in 2012
|-----
| IAI Finger (Mirage 5 subtype)
|
| Multirole
Multirole combat aircraft
A multirole combat aircraft is an aircraft designed to act in at least two different roles in combat. The primary role is usually a fighter—hence, it is as often called a multirole fighter—while the secondary role is usually air-to-surface attack. More roles are added, such as air reconnaissance,...

 Fighter aircraft
Fighter aircraft
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed primarily to attack ground targets...


| Finger IIIB
Dagger B
| 5
1
|verification?
|-----
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Ground Attack
|-----
| Dassault Mirage 5
Dassault Mirage 5
The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic attack aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s, and manufactured in France and a number of other countries. It was derived from Dassault's popular Mirage III fighter, and spawned several variants of its own.-Early development:The...


|
| Ground-attack aircraft
| Mirage 5A
| 6
|
|-----
| A-4AR Fightinghawk
A-4AR Fightinghawk
The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk is a major upgrade of the McDonnell Douglas A-4M Skyhawk attack aircraft developed for the Argentine Air Force which entered service in 1998...


|
| Ground-attack aircraft
Trainer aircraft
| A-4AR
OA-4AR
| 16
4
|-----
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Turboprop
Turboprop
A turboprop engine is a type of turbine engine which drives an aircraft propeller using a reduction gear.The gas turbine is designed specifically for this application, with almost all of its output being used to drive the propeller...

 Ground Attack

|-----
| FMA IA 58 Pucará
FMA IA 58 Pucará
The FMA IA 58 Pucará is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency aircraft. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones.-Development:...


|
| Turboprop
Turboprop
A turboprop engine is a type of turbine engine which drives an aircraft propeller using a reduction gear.The gas turbine is designed specifically for this application, with almost all of its output being used to drive the propeller...

 Ground-attack aircraft
| IA-58A
| 24
| Close air support.
|-----
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Trainer
Trainer (aircraft)
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate in-flight training of pilots and aircrews. The use of a dedicated trainer aircraft with additional safety features—such as tandem flight controls, forgiving flight characteristics and a simplified cockpit arrangement—allows...


|----
| Sukhoi Su-29
Sukhoi Su-29
|-See also:-References:*Lambert, Martin. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993-94. Coulsdon, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0 7106 1066 1....


|
| Aerobatics
| Su-29
| 8
|
|-----
| Embraer Tucano
Embraer EMB 312 Tucano
The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano is a two seat turboprop basic trainer developed in Brazil. The prototype first flew in 1980 and initial production units were delivered in 1983. The Tucano family of aircraft became one of Embraer's first international marketing successes, with 600 units produced...


|
| Trainer
|
| 23
|
|-----
| FMA IA 63 Pampa
FMA IA 63 Pampa
|-See also:-References:*Flores, Jackson, . "The Pampa...A Tutor with a Teutonic Flavour". Air International, February 1987, Vol 32 No. 2. Bromley, UK:Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634. pp. 59—66, 90....


|
| Trainer
|
| 18
|
|-----
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Helicopters
|----
| Aérospatiale SA 315 Lama
Aérospatiale Lama
|-See also:-External links:...


|
| Andes
Andes
The Andes is the world's longest continental mountain range. It is a continual range of highlands along the western coast of South America. This range is about long, about to wide , and of an average height of about .Along its length, the Andes is split into several ranges, which are separated...

 rescue helicopter
| SA 315B
| 1
|
|-----
| Bell 212 Twin Huey
|
| Utility helicopter (UN
Peacekeeping
Peacekeeping is an activity that aims to create the conditions for lasting peace. It is distinguished from both peacebuilding and peacemaking....

, CSAR and Antarctic operations)
|
| 7
|
|-----
| MD/RACA MD 500 Defender
MD Helicopters MD 500
The MD Helicopters MD 500 series is an American family of light utility civilian and military helicopters. The MD 500 was developed from the Hughes 500, a civilian version of the US Army's OH-6A Cayuse/Loach...


|
| Utility helicopter
| 500D
| 7
|
|-----
| Hughes 369
Hughes H-6
The Hughes OH-6 Cayuse is a single-engine light helicopter with a four-bladed main rotor used for personnel transport, escort and attack missions, and observation...


|
| Scout helicopter
|
| 3
|
|-----
| Mil Mi-17
Mil Mi-17
The Mil Mi-17 is a Russian helicopter currently in production at two factories in Kazan and Ulan-Ude...


|
| Utility
| Mi-171E
| 2
| 2 delivered November 2011. Options for 3 more.
|-----
! style="align: center; background: lavender;" colspan="7" | Transports
|-----
| Cessna 182 Skylane
Cessna 182
The Cessna 182 Skylane is an American four-seat, single-engine, light airplane, built by Cessna of Wichita, Kansas. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area....


|
| Utility
| A182
| 14
|
|-----
| de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
The DHC-6 Twin Otter is a Canadian 19-passenger STOL utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada and currently produced by Viking Air. The aircraft's fixed tricycle undercarriage, STOL abilities and high rate of climb have made it a successful cargo, regional passenger airliner and MEDEVAC...


|
| Utility
| DHC-6-200
| 8
|
|-----
| Fokker F27 Friendship
Fokker F27
The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.-Design and development:Design of the Fokker F27 started in the 1950s as a replacement to the successful Douglas DC-3 airliner...


|
| Transport
| F27-400M
F27-600
| 4
2
|
|-----
| Fokker F28 Fellowship
Fokker F28
The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by defunct Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.-Design and development:...


|
| Transport
| F28-1000
F28-1000C
F28-4000
| 1
4
1
|
|-----
| Learjet 35
|
| Special missions
| 35A
| 4
|
|-----
| Learjet 60
Learjet 60
The Learjet 60 is a mid-size cabin, medium range business jet aircraft manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Wichita, Kansas, USA. The Learjet 60 is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada model 305A turbo fan engines producing 4,600 total pounds of thrust. The manufacturer notes the range of the...


|
| VIP transport
|
| 1
|
|-----
| Lockheed C-130 Hercules
|
| Transport/Aerial refueling
| C-130B/C-130H
| 7
|
|-----
| Rockwell Aero Commander 500
Aero Commander (aircraft)
The Aero Commander 500 is the first in a series of light-twin piston-engined aircraft originally built by the Aero Design and Engineering Company in the late 1940s. In 1950 it became the Aero Commander company, and a division of Rockwell International from 1965. The initial production version was...


|
| Transport
| 500U
| 4
|
|-----
| Saab-340
|
| Transport
| Saab-340B
| 4
|
|}

Chiefs of the Argentine Air Force


Commanders of the Army Military Aviation (1912–1919)
  • Colonel Arenales Uriburu (1912–1915)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alejandro P. Obligado (1915–1919)


Commanders of the Army Aeronautical Service (1919–1927)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alejandro P. Obligado (1919–1920)
  • Colonel Enrique Mosconi
    Enrique Mosconi
    Enrique Carlos Alberto Mosconi was an Argentine military engineer, who is best known as the pioneer and organizer of petroleum surveyance and exploitation in Argentina....

     (1920–1922)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Jorge B. Crespo (1923)
  • Colonel Luis A. Cassinelli (1923–1927)


Commanders of the General Directorate of Aeronautics (1927–1941)
  • Colonel Luis A. Cassinelli (1927–1929)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Jorge B. Crespo (1929–1930)
  • Colonel Angel M. Zuloaga (1941)


Commanders of the First Air Division (1936)
  • Brigadier General (Army) A. Verdaguer (1936)


Commanders of the Army Air Forces (1936–1939)
  • Brigadier General (Army) A. Verdaguer (1936–1939)


Commanders of the Army Aviation Command (1938–1944)
  • Colonel Antonio Parodi (1938–1941)
  • Colonel Angel M. Zuloaga (1941)
  • Colonel Pedro Zanni (1941–1942)
  • Brigadier General (Army) Jorge J. Manni (1942–1944)


Commanders-in-Chief of the Aeronáutica (1944)
  • Brigadier General (Army) Bartolomé de la Colina (1944)


Commanders of the Argentine Air Force (1945–1947)
  • Brigadier Edmundo Sustaita (1945)
  • Brigadier General Oscar Muratorio (1945)
  • Brigadier P. Castex Lainford (1945–1946)
  • Brigadier General Oscar Muratorio (1946–1947)


Commanders-in-Chief of the Argentine Air Force (1947–1973)
  • Brigadier General Oscar Muratorio (1947–1951)
  • Brigadier General Hermansson (1951–1952)
  • Brigadier General Carlos Mauriño (1952–1955)
  • Brigadier General Juan Fabri (1955)
  • Brigadier General Hermansson (1955–1956)
  • Brigadier General Heriberto Ahrens (1956–1957)
  • Brigadier General Guillermo Zinny (1957)
  • Brigadier General Angel A. Peluffo (1957)
  • Brigadier General Alfredo Vedoya (1957–1958)
  • Brigadier Miguel Moragues (1958)
  • Brigadier General Manuel L. Aleman (1958–1960)
  • Brigadier General Cayo Alsina (1960–1962)
  • Brigadier General Carlos Armanini (1962–1966)
  • Brigadier General Adolfo Alvarez (1966–1968)
  • Brigadier General Martinez Zuviría (1968–1970)
  • Brigadier General Carlos A. Rey (1970–1973)
  • Brigadier General Hector Fautario (1973)


General Commanders of the Argentine Air Force (1973–1976)
  • Brigadier General Hector Fautario (1973–1975)
  • Brigadier General Orlando Ramón Agosti
    Orlando Ramon Agosti
    Orlando Ramón Agosti was an Argentine general. With General Jorge Rafael Videla, he ruled Argentina between 1976 and 1981...

     (1975–1976)


Commanders-in-Chief of the Argentine Air Force (1976–1983)
  • Brigadier General Orlando Ramón Agosti
    Orlando Ramon Agosti
    Orlando Ramón Agosti was an Argentine general. With General Jorge Rafael Videla, he ruled Argentina between 1976 and 1981...

     (1976–1979)
  • Brigadier General Omar Graffigna
    Omar Graffigna
    Omar Domingo Rubens Graffigna is a former Argentine Air Force officer who served in the second military junta of the National Reorganization Process dictatorship.-Life and times:...

     (1979–1981)
  • Brigadier General Basilio Lami Dozo
    Basilio Lami Dozo
    Brigadier General Basilio Arturo Ignacio Lami Dozo was a member of the Argentine Air Force.He participated in the military dictatorship known as the National Reorganisation Process and, along with Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri and Jorge Isaac Anaya, was a member of the Third Military Junta that...

     (1981–1982)
  • Brigadier General Augusto Hughes
    Augusto Hughes
    Augusto Jorge Hughes was a senior commander in the Argentine Air Force who was a member of Argentina's fourth military junta of the National Reorganization Process...

     (1982–1983)


Chiefs of the General Staff of the Argentine Air Force (1983–present)
  • Brigadier General Teodoro Waldner (1983–1985)
  • Brigadier General Ernesto Crespo
    Ernesto Horacio Crespo
    Ernesto Horacio Crespo is an Argentine retired Brigadier General and former Chief of Staff of the Argentine Air Force....

     (1985–1989)
  • Brigadier General José A. Julia (1989–1993)
  • Brigadier General Juan Paulik (1993–1996)
  • Brigadier General Rubén Montenegro (1996–1999)
  • Brigadier General Walter Barbero (1999–2003)
  • Brigadier General Carlos A. Rohde (2003–2005)
  • Brigadier General Eduardo Schiaffino (2005–2006)
  • Brigadier General Normando Costantino
    Normando Costantino
    Brigadier General Normando Costantino is the current Chief of the General Staff of the Argentine Air Force. He has a degree in Air and Space Systems.-Career:...

     (2006-incumbent)

See also


  • Argentine air forces in the Falklands War
    • Battle of San Carlos
      Battle of San Carlos (1982)
      The Battle of San Carlos was a major battle between aircraft and ships that lasted from 21 to 25 May 1982 during the British landings on the shores of San Carlos Water in the 1982 Falklands War . Low-flying land-based Argentine jet aircraft made repeated attacks on ships of the British Task Force...

  • Agrupación Aérea Presidencial
    Agrupación Aérea Presidencial
    Agrupación Aérea Presidencial is the Head of State Air Transport Unit of Argentina.- Background :The Presidential Air Group is a small fleet of Argentine Air Force aircraft and helicopters for official use by the President, immediate family and senior government officials...

     - Presidential VIP fleet
  • Argentine Air Force Mobile Field Hospital
    Argentine Air Force Mobile Field Hospital
    The Argentine Air Force Mobile Field Hospital is a field hospital operated by the Argentine Air Force. It is one of three health centers of its kind worldwide .- Description :...

  • LADE
    Lade
    Lade may refer to:People* Brendon Lade , Australian rules footballer* Sir John Lade , baronet and Regency horse-breeder* Heinrich Eduard von Lade , German banker and amateur astronomer...

     - Patagonia Airliner
  • Military of Argentina
    Military of Argentina
    The Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic, in Spanish Fuerzas Armadas de la República Argentina, are controlled by the Commander-in-Chief and a civilian Minister of Defense...