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Napoleon I of France

Napoleon I of France


1795   General Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence being named to defend the French National Convention against armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the three year old revolutionary government.

1795   Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence with a "Whiff of Grapeshot", using cannon to suppress armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the French Legislature (National Convention).

1796   Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.

1796   The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.

1796   First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the Adda River in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men.

1796   First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.

1797   First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice.

1799   Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.

1799   At Aboukir in Egypt, Napoleon I of France defeats 10,000 Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.

1799   Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.

1799   Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup d'état of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls (Consulate Government).

1800   The French Army of First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo in Northern Italy and re-conquers Italy.

1802   Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Regime and to eventually consolidate his own rule.

1802   Napoleon Bonaparte founds the Légion d'Honneur.

1802   By the Law of 20 May 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte reinstates slavery in the French colonies, revoking its abolition in the French Revolution

1804   Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.

1805   The Italian Republic, with Napoleon as president, becomes the Kingdom of Italy, with Napoleon as King.

1805   Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Cathedral of Milan.

1805   Napoléon Bonaparte assumes the title of King of Italy and is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Duomo di Milano, the gothic cathedral in Milan.

1805   Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition.

1807   Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Poland (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.

1807   The Treaties of Tilsit are signed by Napoleon I of France and Alexander I of Russia.

1807   The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.

1808   Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte is crowned King of Spain.

1809   Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.

1809   Two Austrian army corps are driven from Landshut by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France as two French corps to the north hold off the main Austrian army on the first day of the Battle of Eckmühl.

1809   The second day of the Battle of Eckmühl sees the Austrian army defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France and driven over the Danube at Regensburg.

1809   Napoleon I of France orders the annexation of the Papal States to the French Empire.

1809   On the second and last day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna), Napoleon is repelled by an enemy army for the first time.

1810   The marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled.

1810   Andreas Hofer, Tirolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, is executed.

1810   Napoleon Bonaparte marries Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.

1810   Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.

1812   Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon I of France invades Russia.

1812   The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.

1812   Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.

1812   Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the commandant of Paris.

1813   French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte defeats a larger force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.

1813   The Sixth Coalition attacks Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Leipzig.

1813   The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.

1814   Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.

1814   Napoleon abdicates for the first time.

1814   Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.

1814   Emperor Napoleon I of France arrives at Portoferraio on the island of Elba to begin his exile.

1815   Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba.

1815   Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.

1815   After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule.

1815   Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

1815   Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Waterloo results in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by the Duke of Wellington forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time.

1815   Napoleon I of France begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.

1821   Emperor Napoleon I dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.