List of sharks

List of sharks

Encyclopedia

Shark classification




Sharks belong to the superorder Selachimorpha in the subclass Elasmobranchii
Elasmobranchii
Elasmobranchii is a subclass of Chondrichthyes or cartilaginous fish, that includes the sharks and the rays and skates .-Evolution:...

 in the class Chondrichthyes
Chondrichthyes
Chondrichthyes or cartilaginous fishes are jawed fish with paired fins, paired nares, scales, two-chambered hearts, and skeletons made of cartilage rather than bone...

. The Elasmobranchii also include rays
Batoidea
Batoidea is a superorder of cartilaginous fish commonly known as rays and skates, containing more than 500 described species in thirteen families...

 and skates; the Chondrichthyes also include Chimaera
Chimaera
Chimaeras are cartilaginous fish in the order Chimaeriformes, known informally as ghost sharks, ratfish , spookfish , or rabbitfishes...

s. It is currently thought that the sharks form a polyphyletic
Polyphyly
A polyphyletic group is one whose members' last common ancestor is not a member of the group.For example, the group consisting of warm-blooded animals is polyphyletic, because it contains both mammals and birds, but the most recent common ancestor of mammals and birds was cold-blooded...

 group: in particular, some sharks are more closely related to rays than they are to some other sharks. The first sharks appeared in the ocean
Ocean
An ocean is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the hydrosphere. Approximately 71% of the Earth's surface is covered by ocean, a continuous body of water that is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas.More than half of this area is over 3,000...

s 350 to 400 million years ago. Most of the species we know today are as old as the Jurassic
Jurassic
The Jurassic is a geologic period and system that extends from about Mya to  Mya, that is, from the end of the Triassic to the beginning of the Cretaceous. The Jurassic constitutes the middle period of the Mesozoic era, also known as the age of reptiles. The start of the period is marked by...

 period.

Listed below are extant species of shark in taxonomic order. Sharks are spread across eight orders
Order (biology)
In scientific classification used in biology, the order is# a taxonomic rank used in the classification of organisms. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, family, genus, and species, with order fitting in between class and family...

 which are listed in roughly evolutionary order (from primitive to modern), and the families and genera within the orders are listed in alphabetical order.
  • Hexanchiformes
    Hexanchiformes
    Hexanchiformes is the order consisting of the most primitive types of sharks, and numbering just five extant species. Fossil sharks that were apparently very similar to modern sevengill species are known from Jurassic specimens....

    : Examples from this group include the cow shark
    Cow shark
    Cow sharks, or the Hexanchidae, are a family of sharks characterized by an additional pair or pairs of gill slits. There are currently known to be four species in three genera, Heptranchias, Hexanchus and Notorynchus,....

    s, frilled shark and even a shark that looks upon first inspection to be a marine snake.
  • Squaliformes
    Squaliformes
    Squaliformes is an order of sharks that includes about 97 species in seven families.Members of the order have two dorsal fins, which usually possess spines, no anal fin or nictitating membrane, and five gill slits. In most other respects, however, they are quite variable in form and size...

    : Examples from this group include the bramble shark
    Bramble shark
    The bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus, is covered with large, thorn-like denticles, and hence the name "bramble" shark.-Physical characteristics:...

    s, dogfish sharks and rough sharks, and prickly shark
    Prickly shark
    The prickly shark, Echinorhinus cookei, is a species of large bottom dwelling shark from the Pacific Ocean.-Physical characteristics:The prickly shark has no anal fin and two small spineless dorsal fins set far on the back by the tail...

    .
  • Pristiophoriformes: These are the sawshark
    Sawshark
    The sawsharks or saw sharks are an order of sharks bearing long blade-like snouts edged with teeth, which they use to slash and disable their prey...

    s, with an elongated, toothed snout that they use for slashing the fishes that they subsequently eat.
  • Squatiniformes: Angel shark
    Angel shark
    The angel sharks are an unusual genus of sharks with flattened bodies and broad pectoral fins that give them a strong resemblance to rays. The more than 16 known species are in the genus Squatina, the only genus in its family, Squatinidae, and order Squatiniformes. They occur worldwide in temperate...

    s.
  • Heterodontiformes: They are commonly referred to as the bullhead
    Bullhead shark
    The bullhead sharks are a small order of basal modern sharks . There are nine living species in a single genus, Heterodontus, in the family Heterodontidae. All are relatively small, with the largest species being just in adult length...

     or horn shark
    Horn shark
    The horn shark is a species of bullhead shark, family Heterodontidae. It is endemic to the coastal waters off the western coast of North America, from California to the Gulf of California. Young sharks are segregated spatially from the adults, with the former preferring deeper sandy flats and the...

    s.
  • Orectolobiformes: They are commonly referred to as the carpet shark
    Carpet shark
    The carpet sharks are an order, Orectolobiformes, of sharks, so called because many members have ornate patterns reminiscent of carpets....

    s, including zebra shark
    Zebra shark
    The zebra shark is a species of carpet shark and the sole member of the family Stegostomatidae. It is found throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific, frequenting coral reefs and sandy flats to a depth of 62 m...

    s, nurse shark
    Nurse shark
    The nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, sometimes referred to as the Nur Shark is a shark in the nurse sharks family, the only member of its genus Ginglymostoma...

    s, wobbegong
    Wobbegong
    Wobbegong is the common name given to the 12 species of carpet sharks in the family Orectolobidae. They are found in shallow temperate and tropical waters of the western Pacific Ocean and eastern Indian Ocean, chiefly around Australia and Indonesia, although one species occurs as far north as Japan...

    s and the whale shark
    Whale shark
    The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a slow-moving filter feeding shark, the largest extant fish species. The largest confirmed individual had a length of and a weight of more than , but unconfirmed claims report considerably larger whale sharks...

    .
  • Carcharhiniformes
    Carcharhiniformes
    The ground sharks, order Carcharhiniformes, are the largest order of sharks. With over 270 species, carcharhiniforms include a number of common types, such as the blue shark, catsharks, swellsharks, and sandbar shark....

    : They are commonly referred to as the groundsharks, and some of the species include the blue
    Blue shark
    The blue shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, that inhabits deep waters in the world's temperate and tropical oceans. Preferring cooler waters, blue sharks migrate long distances, for example from New England to South America. Although generally lethargic, they can move very...

    , tiger
    Tiger shark
    The tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, is a species of requiem shark and the only member of the genus Galeocerdo. Commonly known as sea tigers, tiger sharks are relatively large macropredators, capable of attaining a length of over . It is found in many tropical and temperate waters, and is...

    , bull
    Bull shark
    The bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, also known as Zambezi shark or unofficially known as Zambi in Africa and Nicaragua shark in Nicaragua, is a shark common worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers...

    , reef
    Reef shark
    Several species of reef-associated sharks are known as reef sharks:* Blacktip reef shark, Carcharhinus melanopterus* Caribbean reef shark, Carcharhinus perezi* Grey reef shark, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos...

     and oceanic whitetip shark
    Oceanic whitetip shark
    The oceanic whitetip shark, Carcharhinus longimanus, is a large pelagic shark inhabiting tropical and warm temperate seas. Its stocky body is most notable for its long, white-tipped, rounded fins....

    s (collectively called the requiem shark
    Requiem shark
    Requiem sharks are a family, Carcharhinidae, of sharks in the order Carcharhiniformes, containing migratory, live-bearing sharks of warm seas such as the tiger shark, the blue shark, the bull shark, and the milk shark.The name may be related to the French word for shark, "requin", itself of...

    s) along with the houndsharks, catshark
    Catshark
    Catsharks are ground sharks of the family Scyliorhinidae, with over 150 known species. While they are generally known as catsharks, many species are commonly called dogfish....

    s and hammerhead shark
    Hammerhead shark
    The hammerhead sharks are a group of sharks in the family Sphyrnidae, so named for the unusual and distinctive structure of their heads, which are flattened and laterally extended into a "hammer" shape called a "cephalofoil". Most hammerhead species are placed in the genus Sphyrna while the...

    s. They are distinguished by an elongated snout and a nictitating membrane which protects the eyes during an attack.
  • Lamniformes
    Lamniformes
    Lamniformes is an order of sharks commonly known as mackerel sharks . It includes some of the most familiar species of sharks, such as the great white shark, as well as more unusual representatives, such as the goblin shark and the megamouth shark.Members of the order are distinguished by...

    : They are commonly referred to as the mackerel sharks. They include the goblin shark
    Goblin shark
    The goblin shark, Mitsukurina owstoni, is a deep-sea shark, the sole living species in the family Mitsukurinidae. The most distinctive characteristic of the goblin shark is the unusual shape of its head. It has a long, trowel-shaped, beak-like rostrum or snout, much longer than other sharks' snouts...

    , basking shark
    Basking shark
    The basking shark is the second largest living fish, after the whale shark. It is a cosmopolitan migratory species, found in all the world's temperate oceans. It is a slow moving and generally harmless filter feeder and has anatomical adaptations to filter feeding, such as a greatly enlarged...

    , megamouth shark
    Megamouth shark
    The megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, is an extremely rare species of deepwater shark. Since its discovery in 1976, only a few megamouth sharks have been seen, with 53 specimens known to have been caught or sighted as of 2011, including three recordings on film...

    , the thresher shark
    Thresher shark
    Thresher sharks are large lamniform sharks of the family Alopiidae. Found in all temperate and tropical oceans of the world, the family contains three species all within the genus Alopias.-Taxonomy:...

    s, shortfin
    Shortfin mako shark
    The shortfin mako shark, Isurus oxyrinchus , is a large mackerel shark. Along with the closely related longfin mako it is commonly referred to as a "mako shark".-Etymology:...

     and longfin mako sharks, and great white shark
    Great white shark
    The great white shark, scientific name Carcharodon carcharias, also known as the great white, white pointer, white shark, or white death, is a large lamniform shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. It is known for its size, with the largest individuals known to have approached...

    . They are distinguished by their large jaws and ovoviviparous
    Ovoviviparity
    Ovoviviparity, ovovivipary, or ovivipary, is a mode of reproduction in animals in which embryos develop inside eggs that are retained within the mother's body until they are ready to hatch...

     reproduction. The Lamniformes include the extinct megalodon
    Megalodon
    The megalodon and ὀδούς ) is an extinct species of shark that lived roughly from 28 to 1.5 million years ago, during the Cenozoic Era .The taxonomic assignment of C...

    , Carcharodon megalodon, which like many extinct sharks is only known from its teeth and a few partially preserved vertebrae.

Taxonomic listing

  • ORDER HEXANCHIFORMES
    Hexanchiformes
    Hexanchiformes is the order consisting of the most primitive types of sharks, and numbering just five extant species. Fossil sharks that were apparently very similar to modern sevengill species are known from Jurassic specimens....

    (Cow sharks and frilled sharks)
    • Family Chlamydoselachidae (Frilled sharks)
      • Genus Chlamydoselachus
        Chlamydoselachus
        Chlamydoselachus is a genus of sharks and the sole extant member of the family Chlamydoselachidae, in the order Hexanchiformes. It contains two extant and several extinct species.-Species:...

        • Chlamydoselachus anguineus (Frill shark
          Frill shark
          The frilled shark is one of two extant species of shark in the family Chlamydoselachidae, with a wide but patchy distribution in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This uncommon species is found over the outer continental shelf and upper continental slope, generally near the bottom though there is...

          )
        • Chlamydoselachus africana (Southern African frilled shark
          Southern African frilled shark
          The southern African frilled shark is a species of shark in the family Chlamydoselachidae, described in 2009. It is found in deep water from off southern Angola to southern Namibia. This species is difficult to distinguish from the better-known frilled shark The southern African frilled shark...

          )
      • Genus Heptranchias
        • Heptranchias perlo (Sharpnose sevengill shark)
    • Family Hexanchidae (Cow sharks, sevengill sharks, and sixgill sharks)
      • Genus Hexanchus
        Hexanchus
        The sixgill sharks, Hexanchus, are a genus of deepwater sharks in the family Hexanchidae. These sharks are characterized by broad pointed heads, six pairs of gill slits, comb-like, yellow lower teeth, and a long tail. It can grow up to 5 m long and weigh over 600 kg...

        • Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose sixgill shark
          Bluntnose sixgill shark
          The bluntnose sixgill shark, Hexanchus griseus, often simply called the cow shark, is the largest hexanchoid shark, growing to more than 5.4 m in length.-Taxonomy:...

          )
        • Hexanchus nakamurai (Bigeyed sixgill shark)
      • Genus Notorynchus
        • Notorynchus cepedianus (Broadnose sevengill shark
          Broadnose sevengill shark
          The broadnose sevengill shark is the only extant member of the genus Notorynchus, in the family Hexanchidae. It is recognizable because of its seven gill slits, while most shark species have five gill slits, with the exception of the members of the order Hexanchiformes and the sixgill sawshark.The...

          )
  • ORDER SQUALIFORMES
    Squaliformes
    Squaliformes is an order of sharks that includes about 97 species in seven families.Members of the order have two dorsal fins, which usually possess spines, no anal fin or nictitating membrane, and five gill slits. In most other respects, however, they are quite variable in form and size...

    • Family Centrophoridae
      Centrophoridae
      Centrophoridae are a family of squaliform sharks. The family contains just two genera and approximately 15 species. They are sometimes called gulper sharks but this is also the name of a specific species in the family, Centrophorus granulosus....

      • Genus Centrophorus
        Centrophorus
        Centrophorus is a genus of squaliform sharks. They are deep-water sharks found in temperate and tropical oceans throughout the world. They are characterized by grey or brown bodies, large green eyes, and spines on both dorsal fins...

        • Centrophorus acus (Needle dogfish
          Needle dogfish
          The needle dogfish, Centrophorus acus, is a small, little-known deepwater shark. It is found in the northern Gulf of Mexico and the western Pacific Ocean around Honshū, Japan....

          )
        • Centrophorus atromarginatus (Dwarf gulper shark
          Dwarf gulper shark
          The dwarf gulper shark, Centrophorus atromarginatus, is a dogfish of the family Centrophoridae found in the Indo-West Pacific oceans, from the Gulf of Aden, Japan, Taiwan, and northern Papua New Guinea.-References:*...

          )
        • Centrophorus granulosus (Gulper shark
          Gulper shark
          The gulper shark , is a large common deep-water dogfish. Gulper sharks have no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines, a long, broad snout, widely spaced flat denticles, and angular, extended pectoral fins. Maximum length is 1.5 m...

          )
        • Centrophorus harrissoni (Dumb gulper shark
          Dumb gulper shark
          The dumb gulper shark, Centrophorus harrissoni, is a rare deepwater dogfish, known from only two locations, one around Taiwan and the other along the East Coast of Australia. It is also known as harrison's deepsea dogfish...

          )
        • Centrophorus isodon (Blackfin gulper shark
          Blackfin gulper shark
          The blackfin gulper shark, Centrophorus isodon, is a dogfish of the family Centrophoridae in the Northwest Pacific.-External links:*...

          )
        • Centrophorus lusitanicus (Lowfin gulper shark
          Lowfin gulper shark
          The lowfin gulper shark, Centrophorus lusitanicus, is a large deepwater dogfish.-Physical characteristics:The lowfin gulper shark has no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines with the first dorsal fin being much longer than the rear, a long broad snout, and angular pectoral fins...

          )
        • Centrophorus moluccensis (Smallfin gulper shark
          Smallfin gulper shark
          The smallfin gulper shark, Centrophorus moluccensis, is a medium-sized deepwater dogfish.-Physical characteristics:The smallfin gulper has no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines, long free rear tips on pectoral fins, and a deeply notched caudal fin...

          )
        • Centrophorus niaukang (Taiwan gulper shark
          Taiwan gulper shark
          The Taiwan gulper shark, Centrophorus niaukang, is a locally common, large deepwater shark.-Physical characteristics:The Taiwan gulper shark has no anal, two dorsal and a caudal fin with a more vertical rear edge...

          )
        • Centrophorus squamosus (Leafscale gulper shark
          Leafscale gulper shark
          The leafscale gulper shark, Centrophorus squamosus, is a dogfish of the family Centrophoridae.-Physical characteristics:The leafscale gulper shark has no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines, the first dorsal being relatively low and long, large eyes, and rough leaf-like denticles...

          )
        • Centrophorus tesselatus (Mosaic gulper shark
          Mosaic gulper shark
          The mosaic gulper shark, Centrophorus tessellatus, is a small rare deepwater dogfish, found in the Pacific Ocean around Honshū, Japan and the Hawaiian Islands at depths of between 260 and 730 metres....

          )
        • Centrophorus uyato (Little gulper shark
          Little gulper shark
          The little gulper shark, Squalus uyato, is a small, deepwater dogfish of the family Squalidae.-Physical characteristics:The little gulper shark has no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines, slightly humped back before the first dorsal fin, darker areas of coloration above gills and on dorsal fins,...

          )
      • Genus Deania
        Deania
        Deania is a genus of long-snouted, deepwater dogfish sharks in the family Centrophoridae.-Species:* Deania calcea * Deania hystricosa * Deania profundorum Deania is a genus of long-snouted, deepwater dogfish sharks in the family Centrophoridae.-Species:* Deania calcea (R. T. Lowe, 1839) (Birdbeak...

        • Deania calcea (Birdbeak dogfish
          Birdbeak dogfish
          The birdbeak dogfish, Deania calcea, is a dogfish shark of the family Deania found in the Pacific Ocean around Honshū, Japan, Southern Australia, New Zealand, and Chile, and in the Atlantic Ocean from Iceland south to the Cape of Good Hope....

          )
        • Deania hystricosa (Rough longnose dogfish
          Rough longnose dogfish
          The rough longnose shark, Deania hystricosa, is a little-known deepwater dogfish.Rough longnose dogfish have an extremely long snout, no anal fin, small grooved dorsal spines, and rough pitchfork-shaped dermal denticles. The first dorsal fin is long and narrow...

          )
        • Deania profundorum (Arrowhead dogfish
          Arrowhead dogfish
          The arrowhead dogfish, Deania profundorum, is a small little known deepwater dogfish of the family Centrophoridae.-Physical characteristics:...

          )
        • Deania quadrispinosum (Longsnout dogfish
          Longsnout dogfish
          The longsnout dogfish Deania quadrispinosum is a little known deepwater dogfish, found in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans from Namibia to Mozambique and in the south Pacific off southern Australia....

          )
    • Family Dalatiidae
      Dalatiidae
      Dalatiidae is a family of sharks in the order Squaliformes, commonly known as kitefin sharks . Members of this family are small, under long, and are found worldwide. They have cigar-shaped bodies with narrow heads and rounded snouts...

      (Sleeper sharks)
      • Genus Dalatias
        • Dalatias licha' (Kitefin shark
          Kitefin shark
          The kitefin shark or seal shark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae, and the only species in its genus. It is found sporadically around the world, usually close to the sea floor at depths of . With a sizable oil-filled liver to maintain neutral buoyancy, this shark is able to...

          )
      • Genus Euprotomicroides
        • 'Euprotomicroides zantedeschia'(Taillight shark
          Taillight shark
          The taillight shark is a little-known species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae, and the only member of its genus. It is known from only two specimens collected from deep oceanic waters in the southern Atlantic Ocean...

          )
      • Genus Euprotomicrus
          • 'Euprotomicrus bispinatus'(Pygmy shark
            Pygmy shark
            The pygmy shark, Euprotomicrus bispinatus, the second-smallest of all the shark species after the dwarf lanternshark, is a sleeper shark of the Dalatiidae family, the only member of the genus Euprotomicrus...

            )
      • Genus Heteroscymnoides
        • Heteroscymnoides marleyi'(Longnose pygmy shark
          Longnose pygmy shark
          The longnose pygmy shark is a rare species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae and the only member its genus. It is known only from a handful of specimens collected from the cold oceanic waters of the Southern Hemisphere, between the surface and a depth of...

          )
      • Genus Isistius
        Isistius
        Isistius is a genus of dogfish sharks in the family Dalatiidae. They are commonly known as cookiecutter sharks. Members of the genus are known for their unusual behaviour and dentition.-Species:...

        • Isistius brasiliensis' (Cookiecutter shark
          Cookiecutter shark
          The cookiecutter shark , also called the cigar shark, is a species of small dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae. This shark occurs in warm, oceanic waters worldwide, particularly near islands, and has been recorded from as deep as . It migrates vertically up to every day, approaching the...

          )
        • Isistius labialis (South China cookiecutter shark
          South China cookiecutter shark
          The South China cookiecutter shark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae, found in the South China Sea at depths down to 520 m...

          )
        • Isistius plutodus (Largetooth cookiecutter shark
          Largetooth cookiecutter shark
          The largetooth cookiecutter shark is a rare species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae, reported from depths of at scattered locations in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. As its common name suggests, it is similar in appearance to the cookiecutter shark but has much larger lower teeth...

          )
      • Genus Mollisquama
        • Mollisquama parini'(Pocket shark
          Pocket shark
          The pocket shark, Mollisquama parini, is a sleeper shark of the family Dalatiidae, the only member of the genus Mollisquama, found in deep water off Chile in the southeast Pacific Ocean....

          )
      • Genus Squaliolus
        Squaliolus
        Squaliolus is a genus of deep-sea dogfish sharks in the family Dalatiidae.-Species:* Squaliolus aliae Teng, 1959 * Squaliolus laticaudus H. M. Smith & Radcliffe, 1912...

        • Squaliolus aliae (Smalleye pygmy shark
          Smalleye pygmy shark
          The smalleye pygmy shark is a little-known species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae, found in water deep near Japan, the Philippines, and Australia. It migrates vertically daily, spending the day in deep water and the night in shallower water. One of the smallest shark species, the...

          )
        • Squaliolus laticaudus (Spined pygmy shark
          Spined pygmy shark
          The spined pygmy shark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae found widely in all oceans. With a maximum known length of , it is one of the smallest living sharks. This shark has a slender, cigar-shaped body with a sizable conical snout, a long but low second dorsal fin, and an...

          )
    • Family Echinorhinidae (Bramble sharks)
      • Genus Echinorhinus
        Echinorhinus
        Echinorhinus is a genus of squaliform sharks, the only extant genus in the family Echinorhinidae. The name is from Greek echinos meaning "spiny" and rhinos meaning "nose". Both species are uncommon, little known sharks...

        • Echinorhinus brucus (Bramble shark
          Bramble shark
          The bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus, is covered with large, thorn-like denticles, and hence the name "bramble" shark.-Physical characteristics:...

          )
        • Echinorhinus cookei (Prickly shark
          Prickly shark
          The prickly shark, Echinorhinus cookei, is a species of large bottom dwelling shark from the Pacific Ocean.-Physical characteristics:The prickly shark has no anal fin and two small spineless dorsal fins set far on the back by the tail...

          )
    • Family Etmopterinae
      • Genus Aculeola
        • Aculeola nigra (Hooktooth dogfish
          Hooktooth dogfish
          The hooktooth dogfish, Aculeola nigra, is a small, little known dogfish, the only member of the genus Aculeola.The type specimen is held at the National Natural History Museum, Santiago, Chile.-Physical characteristics:...

          )
      • Genus Centroscyllium
        Centroscyllium
        Centroscyllium is a genus of big-eyed deepwater dogfishes with no anal fin, a grey or black-brown body, and dorsal spines, with the second one being much larger than the first. There are seven extant species.-Species:...

        • Centroscyllium excelsum (Highfin dogfish
          Highfin dogfish
          The highfin dogfish, Centroscyllium excelsum, is a sleeper shark of the family Dalatiidae, found in the northwest Pacific Ocean on the Emperor Seamount chain between latitudes 50°N to 38°N, at depths of between 800 and 1,000 m. It reaches a length of 63 cm.The highfin dogfish is...

          )
        • Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish
          Black dogfish
          The black dogfish is a species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae. It is common over the outer continental shelf and continental slope at a depth of . Females generally inhabit deeper water than males, and depending on the region, smaller sharks may occur at a different depth than larger...

          )
        • Centroscyllium granulatum (Granular dogfish
          Granular dogfish
          The granular dogfish, Centroscyllium granulatum, is a little-known very small dogfish shark of the family Dalatiidae, endemic to the Falkland Islands.-Physical characteristics:...

          )
        • Centroscyllium kamoharai (Bareskin dogfish
          Bareskin dogfish
          The bareskin dogfish, Centroscyllium kamoharai, is a little-known deepwater dogfish shark of the family Dalatiidae, so far found only in the western Pacific in Suruga Bay, Honshū, Japan.The bareskin dogfish has no anal fin...

          )
        • Centroscyllium nigrum (Combtooth dogfish
          Combtooth dogfish
          The combtooth dogfish, Centroscyllium nigrum, is a little-known deepwater dogfish shark.-Physical description:The combtooth dogfish has no anal fin, grooved dorsal spines, two dorsal fins of about same size, pointed nose, large eyes, small gill slits, a short abdomen, short caudal peduncle, and is...

          )
        • Centroscyllium ornatum (Ornate dogfish
          Ornate dogfish
          The ornate dogfish, Centroscyllium ornatum, is dogfish shark which is not widely known. It is found in deepwater on the continental slopes of the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, at depths of between 520 and 1,260 m. Its length is up to 30 cm, and its reproduction is...

          )
        • Centroscyllium ritteri (Whitefin dogfish
          Whitefin dogfish
          The whitefin dogfish is a species of deep-sea dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae. It has only been found in the northwest Pacific Ocean off the southeastern coast of Japan, between the latitudes of 35°N and 32°N. It inhabits continental slopes and seamounts at a depth of 320 to 1,100 m ....

          )
      • Genus Etmopterus
        Etmopterus
        Etmopterus, commonly known as lantern sharks, is a diverse genus of dogfish sharks in the family Etmopteridae. This genus has 35 described species.-Species:* Etmopterus baxteri...

        • Etmopterus baxteri (New Zealand lanternshark
          New Zealand lanternshark
          The New Zealand lanternshark, Etmopterus baxteri, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae in the order Squaliformes. It is found only around New Zealand, on the lower insular slopes, on or near the bottom. Its length is up to 75 cm....

          )
        • Etmopterus bigelowi (Blurred smooth lantern shark
          Blurred smooth lantern shark
          The blurred lanternshark is a little-known species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae, found around the world in benthic and pelagic habitats from a depth of to over down. This shark forms the E...

          )
        • Etmopterus brachyurus (Shorttail lanternshark
          Shorttail lanternshark
          The shorttail lanternshark is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western Pacific between latitudes 37°N and 30°S, at depths of between 450 and 900 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus bullisi (Lined lanternshark
          Lined lanternshark
          The lined lanternshark, Etmopterus bullisi, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western Atlantic from North Carolina to northern Florida, and Honduras, between latitudes 34°N and 15°N, at depths of up to 850 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus burgessi
          Etmopterus burgessi
          Etmopterus burgessi is a newly described lanternshark of the family Etmopteridae in the order Squaliformes. It is found only around Taiwan. Its expected common name would be Taiwan lanternshark...

          (Taiwan lanternshark)
        • Etmopterus carteri (Cylindrical lanternshark
          Cylindrical lanternshark
          The cylindrical lanternshark, Etmopterus carteri, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found along the Caribbean coast of Colombia in South America, at depths of between 285 and 355 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus caudistigmus (Tailspot lanternshark
          Tailspot lanternshark
          The tailspot lanternshark, Etmopterus caudistigmus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found around New Caledonia, at depths of between 640 and 800 m. Its length is up to 31 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus decacuspidatus (Combtoothed lanternshark)
        • Etmopterus dianthus (Pink lanternshark
          Pink lanternshark
          The pink lanternshark, Etmopterus dianthus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found around Australia and New Caledonia, at depths of between 110 and 880 m. Its length is up to 41 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus dislineatus
          Etmopterus dislineatus
          Etmopterus dislineatus is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the central Coral Sea at depths of between 590 and 800 m. Its length is up to 45 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

        • Etmopterus evansi (Blackmouth lanternshark
          Blackmouth lanternshark
          The blackmouth lanternshark, Etmopterus evansi, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found off Western Australia and the Arafura Sea, at depths of between 430 and 550 m. Its length is up to 26 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus fusus (Pygmy lanternshark
          Pygmy lanternshark
          The pygmy lanternshark, Etmopterus fusus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the eastern Indian Ocean from northern Western Australia and possibly Java, at depths of between 430 and 550 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus gracilispinis (Broadband dogfish)
        • Etmopterus granulosus (Southern lanternshark
          Southern lanternshark
          The southern lanternshark, Etmopterus granulosus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the southeast Pacific between latitudes 29°S and 59°S, at depths of between 220 and 1,460 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus hillianus (Caribbean lanternshark
          Caribbean lanternshark
          The Caribbean lanternshark, Etmopterus hillianus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the eastern and western Atlantic at depths of between 180 and 720 m. Its length is up to 50 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus joungi (Shortfin smooth lanternshark)
        • Etmopterus litvinovi (Smalleye lantern shark
          Smalleye lantern shark
          The smalleye lanternshark, Etmopterus litvinovi, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the southeast Pacific off Peru and Chile, at depths of between 630 and 1,100 m. Its length is up to 61 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus lucifer (Blackbelly lanternshark
          Blackbelly lanternshark
          The blackbelly lanternshark or lucifer shark, Etmopterus lucifer, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae, found around the world in tropical to temperate seas, at depths of between 150 and 1,250 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus molleri (Slendertail lanternshark
          Slendertail lanternshark
          The slendertail lanternshark, Etmopterus molleri, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western Indian Ocean between latitudes 34°N and 46°S, at depths of between 250 and 860 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus perryi (Dwarf lanternshark
          Dwarf lanternshark
          The dwarf lanternshark is a little-known species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae and possibly the smallest shark in the world, reaching a maximum known length of . It is known to be present only on the upper continental slopes off Colombia and Venezuela, at a depth of...

          )
        • Etmopterus polli (African lanternshark
          African lanternshark
          The African lanternshark, Etmopterus polli, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the eastern Atlantic between latitudes 12°N and 18°S, at depths of between 300 and 1,000 m. Its length is up to 30 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Etmopterus princeps (Great lanternshark
          Great lanternshark
          The great lanternshark, Etmopterus princeps, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the northeast and northwest Atlantic.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus pseudosqualiolus (False lanternshark
          False lanternshark
          The false lanternshark, Etmopterus pseudosqualiolus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western Pacific from the Norfolk Ridge and Lord Howe Ridge off New Caledonia.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark
          Smooth lanternshark
          The smooth lanternshark or slender lanternshark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae, found widely in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It inhabits benthic environments at a depth of , and pelagic environments at a depth of . The smooth lanternshark forms a species group with...

          )
        • Etmopterus pycnolepis (Dense-scale lantern shark
          Dense-scale lantern shark
          The dense-scale lanternshark, Etmopterus pycnolepis, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the southeast Pacific off Peru and Chile.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus robinsi (West Indian lanternshark
          West Indian lanternshark
          The West Indian lanternshark, Etmopterus robinsi, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western central Atlantic, at depths of between 400 and 800 m. Its length is up to 31 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus schultzi (Fringefin lanternshark
          Fringefin lanternshark
          The fringefin lanternshark, Etmopterus schultzi, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western central Atlantic from Texas to Florida, northern Gulf of Mexico, and Mexico.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus sentosus (Thorny lanternshark
          Thorny lanternshark
          The thorny lanternshark, Etmopterus sentosus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western Indian Ocean between latitudes 0° and 31°S, at depths of between 200 and 500 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus spinax (Velvet belly lantern shark
          Velvet belly lantern shark
          The velvet belly lantern shark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae. One of the most common deepwater sharks in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, the velvet belly is found from Iceland and Norway to Gabon and South Africa at a depth of...

          )
        • Etmopterus splendidus (Splendid lanternshark
          Splendid lanternshark
          The splendid lanternshark, Etmopterus splendidus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found in the western Pacific at depths of between 120 and 210 m. Its length is up to 30 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus tasmaniensis (Tasmanian lanternshark
          Tasmanian lanternshark
          The Tasmanian lanternshark, Etmopterus tasmaniensis, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found around Tasmania, at depths of between 920 and 1,010 m. Its length is up to 60 cm.Reproduction is assumed to be ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Etmopterus unicolor (Brown lanternshark
          Brown lanternshark
          The brown lanternshark is a little-known species of deep-sea dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae. It is found off Japan and New Zealand, and possibly also South Africa and Australia, typically deeper than...

          )
        • Etmopterus villosus (Hawaiian lanternshark
          Hawaiian lanternshark
          The Hawaiian lanternshark, Etmopterus villosus, is a shark of the family Etmopteridae found around the Hawaiian Islands, between latitudes 23°N and 19°N, at depths of between 400 and 910 m...

          )
        • Etmopterus virens (Green lanternshark
          Green lanternshark
          The green lanternshark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae, found in the western central Atlantic Ocean. This species usually occurs on the upper continental slope below a depth of . Reaching in length, the green lanternshark has a slender body with a long, thin tail and low,...

          )
      • Genus Miroscyllium
        • Miroscyllium shiekoi (Rasptooth dogfish
          Rasptooth dogfish
          The rasptooth dogfish, Miroscyllium sheikoi, is a dogfish, the only species in the genus Miroscyllium, found on the Kyushu-Palau Ridge in the northwest Pacific Ocean at depths of 360 m. Its maximum length is unknown.-External links:*...

          ),
      • Genus Trigonognathus
        • Trigonognathus kabeyai (Viper dogfish
          Viper dogfish
          The viper dogfish, Trigonognathus kabeyai, is a dogfish, the only species in the genus Trigonognathus, found off Wakayama and Tokushima, Japan, in the northwest Pacific Ocean at depths of between 330 and 360 m. Its maximum length is 47 cm....

          )
    • Family Oxynotinae 
      • Genus Oxynotus
        Oxynotus
        Oxynotus is a genus of sharks in the order Squaliformes, commonly known as the rough sharks. It is the only extant genus in the family Oxynotidae. They live in deep waters in the Atlantic and western Pacific oceans....

        • Oxynotus bruniensis (Prickly dogfish
          Prickly dogfish
          The prickly dogfish is a poorly known species of dogfish shark in the family Oxynotidae, inhabiting temperate Australian and New Zealand waters. Reaching a length of , this brown to gray shark has a very thick body with a prominent "humpback" and extremely rough skin...

          )
        • Oxynotus caribbaeus (Caribbean roughshark
          Caribbean roughshark
          The Caribbean roughshark, Oxynotus caribbaeus, is a sleeper shark of the family Oxynotidae, found on the upper continental slopes of the Caribbean Sea, at depths of between 400 and 450 m. It reaches a length of about 50 cm....

          )
        • Oxynotus centrina (Angular roughshark
          Angular roughshark
          The angular roughshark, Oxynotus centrina, is a sleeper shark of the family Oxynotidae. It reaches a length of about 1.5 m ....

          )
        • Oxynotus japonicus (Japanese roughshark
          Japanese roughshark
          The Japanese roughshark, Oxynotus japonicus, is a rare species of shark in the family Oxynotidae, known only from a handful of specimens recovered from Suruga Bay and the Enshunada Sea off Japan. It is a benthic species that occurs at a depth of 150–350 meters...

          )
        • Oxynotus paradoxus (Sailfin roughshark
          Sailfin roughshark
          The sailfin roughshark is a species of dogfish shark in the family Oxynotidae, found in the eastern Atlantic from Scotland to Senegal between latitudes 41°N and 11°N, at depths of between 265 and 720 m. Its length is up to 1.2 m....

          )
    • Family Somniosinae 
      • Genus Centroscymnus
        Centroscymnus
        Centroscymnus is a genus of squaliform sleeper sharks in the family Somniosidae.-Species:* Centroscymnus coelolepis...

        • Centroscymnus coelolepis (Portuguese dogfish
          Portuguese dogfish
          The Portuguese dogfish or Portuguese shark is a species of sleeper shark, family Somniosidae. This globally distributed species has been reported down to a depth of , making it the deepest-living shark known. It inhabits lower continental slopes and abyssal plains, usually staying near the bottom...

          )
        • Centroscymnus crepidater (Longnose velvet dogfish
          Longnose velvet dogfish
          The longnose velvet dogfish, Centroselachus crepidater, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found circumglobally in southern hemisphere subtropical seas, at depths of between 230 and 1,500 m...

          )
        • Centroscymnus cryptacanthus (Shortnose velvet dogfish
          Shortnose velvet dogfish
          The shortnose velvet dogfish, Centroscymnus cryptacanthus, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found between latitudes 33°N and 38°S in the southwest Atlantic Ocean, from Uruguay, the eastern Atlantic, from Madeira and Senegal, and also off the west coast of South Africa...

          )
        • Centroscymnus macracanthus (Largespine velvet dogfish
          Largespine velvet dogfish
          The largespine velvet dogfish, Proscymnodon macracanthus, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found on the lower continental slopes between latitudes 50°S and 54°S in the southeast Pacific Ocean from the Straits of Magellan, and the southwest Pacific from New Zealand, at depths of...

          )
        • Centroscymnus owstoni (Roughskin dogfish
          Roughskin dogfish
          The roughskin dogfish, Centroscymnus owstoni, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found around the world on continental shelves in tropical, subtropical and temperate seas, at depths of between 100 and 1,500 m...

          )
        • Centroscymnus plunketi (Plunket shark
          Plunket shark
          The plunket shark, Proscymnodon plunketi, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found around south eastern Australia, and New Zealand, at depths of between 220 and 1,550 m over continental shelves...

          )
      • Genus Scymnodalatias
        Scymnodalatias
        Scymnodalatias is a genus of squaliform sharks in the family Somniosidae.-Species:* Scymnodalatias albicauda Taniuchi & Garrick, 1986 * Scymnodalatias garricki Kukuyev & Konovalenko, 1988...

        • Scymnodalatias albicauda (Whitetail dogfish
          Whitetail dogfish
          The whitetail dogfish, Scymnodalatias albicauda, is a very rare sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found from the eastern Indian Ocean round southern Australia to New Zealand, at depths of between 150 and 500 m. Its length is up to 1.1 m....

          )
        • Scymnodalatias garricki (Azores dogfish
          Azores dogfish
          The Azores dogfish, Scymnodalatias garricki, is a very rare sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae. It is known only from the holotype caught north of the Azores....

          )
        • Scymnodalatias oligodon (Sparsetooth dogfish
          Sparsetooth dogfish
          The sparsetooth dogfish, Scymnodalatias oligodon, is a very rare sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, the holotype of which was taken in the subtropical southeast Pacific at a depth of up to 200 m. Its biology is unknown....

          )
        • Scymnodalatias sherwoodi (Sherwood dogfish
          Sherwood dogfish
          The sherwood dogfish, Scymnodalatias sherwoodi, is a very rare sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found only around New Zealand. The only specimen studied was about 80 cm long.The sherwood dogfish is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
      • Genus Scymnodon
        Scymnodon
        Scymnodon is a genus of squaliform sharks in the family Somniosidae.-Species:** Scymnodon obscurus ** Scymnodon ringens Barbosa du Bocage & Brito Capello, 1864...

        • Scymnodon ichiharai (Japanese velvet dogfish
          Japanese velvet dogfish
          The Japanese velvet dogfish, Zameus ichiharai, is a harmless deepwater sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found in the northwest Pacific from Suruga Bay and adjacent waters of Japan at depths of between 500 and 800 m. Reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Scymnodon obscurus (Smallmouth velvet dogfish
          Smallmouth velvet dogfish
          The smallmouth knifetooth dogfish, Scymnodon obscurus, is a harmless sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found in the central Atlantic between latitudes 65°N and 36°S, from the surface to 1,450 m. Its length is up to 70 cm....

          )
        • Scymnodon ringens (Knifetooth dogfish
          Knifetooth dogfish
          The knifetooth dogfish, Scymnodon ringens, is a harmless sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found in the eastern Atlantic, from Scotland to Spain, Portugal, and Senegal, and the southwest Pacific from New Zealand, between latitudes 58°N and 15°N, at depths of between 200 and 1,600 m. Its...

          )
        • Scymnodon squamulosus (Velvet dogfish
          Velvet dogfish
          The velvet dogfish, Zameus squamulosus, is a harmless sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found around the world between latitudes 64°N and 48°S, from the surface to 2,000 m. Its length is up to 84 cm.Reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
      • Genus Somniosus
        Somniosus
        Somniosus is a genus of dogfish sharks in the family Somniosidae.-Species:* Somniosus microcephalus * Somniosus pacificus Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944...

         (sleeper sharks)
        • Somniosus microcephalus (Greenland shark
          Greenland shark
          The Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus, also known as the sleeper shark, gurry shark, ground shark, grey shark, or by the Inuit languages name Eqalussuaq, is a large shark native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland. These sharks live farther north than any...

          )
        • Somniosus pacificus (Pacific sleeper shark
          Pacific sleeper shark
          The Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found circumglobally on continental shelves and slopes in temperate waters between latitudes 70°N and 47°S, from the surface to...

          )
        • Somniosus rostratus (Little sleeper shark
          Little sleeper shark
          The little sleeper shark, Somniosus rostratus, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae found in the northeast Atlantic, western Mediterranean, and western Pacific around New Zealand, at depths of between 200 and 1,000 m. Its length is up to 1.43 m....

          )
    • Family Squalidae
      Squalidae
      Squalidae is the family of dogfish sharks. They are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans, from tropical equatorial climates to the Arctic and Antarctic....

      (Dogfish sharks)
      • Genus Cirrhigaleus
        Cirrhigaleus
        Cirrhigaleus is a genus of squaliform sharks in the family Squalidae.-Species:* Cirrhigaleus asper * Cirrhigaleus australis W. T. White, Last & Stevens, 2007...

        • Cirrhigaleus asper (Roughskin dogshark)
        • Cirrhigaleus australis
          Cirrhigaleus australis
          Cirrhigaleus australis, also known as the Southern Mandarin Dogfish, is a species of Mandarin dogfish shark in the genus Cirrhigaleus. It was distinguished from Cirrhigaleus barbifer, which lives in the North Pacific, on an expedition in the coral reefs near Australia in 2007...

          (Southern mandarin dogfish)
        • Cirrhigaleus barbifer (Mandarin dogfish
          Mandarin dogfish
          The mandarin dogfish, Cirrhigaleus barbifer, is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae in the order Squaliformes. It is found at depths of off southern Japan, Taiwan, and Indonesia . Populations off Australia and New Zealand were formerly included in this species, but in 2007 these were...

          )
      • Genus Squalus
        • Squalus acanthias (Spiny dogfish
          Spiny dogfish
          The spiny dogfish, spurdog, mud shark, or piked dogfish, Squalus acanthias, is one of the best known of the dogfish which are members of the family Squalidae in the order Squaliformes. While these common names may apply to several species, Squalus acanthias is distinguished by having two spines ...

          )
        • Squalus acutirostris
          Squalus acutirostris
          Squalus acutirostris, is a dogfish shark of the family Squalidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean from the South China Sea and off New South Wales, Australia, at depths down to 390 m. They reach up to 60 cm in length....

        • Squalus albifrons (Eastern highfin spurdog
          Eastern highfin spurdog
          The eastern highfin spurdog, Squalus albifrons, is a dogfish which was described in 2007. It is a member of the family Squalidae, found on the continental shelf off Queensland, Australia, at depths of between 220 and 510 m. The length of the longest specimen measured is .Its reproduction is...

          )
        • Squalus altipinnis (Western highfin spurdog
          Western highfin spurdog
          The western highfin spurdog, Squalus altipinnis, is a dogfish of the family Squalidae. It is found on the continental shelf off Western Australia, at depths of between 220 and 510 m. Its reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Squalus blainville (Longnose spurdog
          Longnose spurdog
          The longnose spurdog, Squalus blainville, is a dogfish shark of the genus Squalus, found over continental shelves in all oceans, at depths of between 15 and 800 metres...

          )
        • Squalus crassispinus (Fatspine spurdog
          Fatspine spurdog
          The fatspine spurdog, Squalus crassispinus, is a dogfish of the family Squalidae, found on the continental shelf off the northern coast of Western Australia, at depths of . The length of the longest male specimen measured is ....

          )
        • Squalus cubensis (Cuban dogfish
          Cuban dogfish
          The Cuban dogfish is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae in the order Squaliformes. It is found in the Western Atlantic from North Carolina to Florida, in the Gulf of Mexico, around Cuba, Hispaniola, southern Brazil and Argentina. It inhabits continental shelves and uppermost slopes at...

          )
        • Squalus formosus
          Squalus formosus
          Squalus formosus is a species in the genus of Squalus. It was accidentally found in Taiwan's Tashi Fish Market by William T. White and a colleague of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization in Hobart, Australia. They named it S. formosus ....

          (Taiwanese dogfish)
        • Squalus grahami (Eastern longnose spurdog
          Eastern longnose spurdog
          The eastern longnose spurdog, Squalus grahami, is a dogfish of the family Squalidae, found off northern Queensland, at depths of between 220 and 500 m. Its length is up to 64 cm.Its reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Squalus japonicus (Japanese spurdog
          Japanese spurdog
          The Japanese spurdog, Squalus japonicus, is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae. It is found in the western Pacific Ocean – southeastern Japan and the East China Sea, including the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, and the Arafura Sea....

          )
        • Squalus megalops (Shortnose spurdog
          Shortnose spurdog
          The shortnose spurdog, Squalus megalops, is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae, found at depths from 30 to 750 m on the eastern coast Australia, Its length is up to 71 cm....

          )
        • Squalus melanurus (Blacktailed spurdog
          Blacktailed spurdog
          The blacktailed spurdog, Squalus melanurus, is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae, found around New Caledonia in the central Pacific Ocean, at depths from 320 to 320 m. Its length is up to 75 cm.Its reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Squalus mitsukurii (Shortspine spurdog
          Shortspine spurdog
          The shortspine spurdog, Squalus mitsukurii, is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae, found around the world on continental shelves in temperate and subtropical oceans between latitudes 45°N and 55°S, from the surface to 950 m. Its length is up to 75 cm....

          )
        • Squalus nasutus (Western longnose spurdog
          Western longnose spurdog
          The western longnose spurdog, Squalus nasutus, is a dogfish of the family Squalidae, found on the continental shelf off the northwest and southwest coasts of Western Australia, at depths of between 300 and 510 m. Its length is at least 55 cm....

          )
        • Squalus notocaudatus (Bartail spurdog
          Bartail spurdog
          The bartail spurdog, Squalus notocaudatus, is a dogfish of the family Squalidae, found on the continental shelf off Queensland, Australia, at depths of between 220 and 450 m . The length of the longest specimen measured, an immature male, is . Its reproduction is ovoviviparous ....

          )
        • Squalus rancureli (Cyrano spurdog
          Cyrano spurdog
          The cyrano spurdog, Squalus mitsukurii, is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae, found in the western central Pacific Ocean between latitudes 16°S and 18°S at depths of between 320 and 400 m. Its length is up to 77 cm....

          )
        • Squalus suckleyi (Spotted spiny spurdog)
  • ORDER PRISTIOPHORIFORMES (Saw sharks)
    • Family Pristiophoridae (Saw fishes and saw sharks)
      • Genus Pliotrema
        • Pliotrema warreni (Sixgill sawshark
          Sixgill sawshark
          The sixgill sawshark, Pliotrema warreni, the only member of the genus Pliotrema, is a sawshark of the family Pristiophoridae, found in the subtropical waters of the western Indian Ocean between latitudes 23° S and 37° S, at depths of between 60 and 430 m. Its length is up to about...

          )
      • Genus Pristiophorus (Saw sharks)
        • Pristiophorus cirratus (Longnose sawshark
          Longnose sawshark
          The longnose sawshark, Pristiophorus cirratus, also known as the Common sawshark is a sawshark of the family Pristiophoridae, found in the eastern Indian Ocean around southern Australia on the continental shelf at depths of between 40 and 310 m. Its length is up to 1.35 m.-Appearance:The longnose...

          )
        • Pristiophorus japonicus (Japanese sawshark
          Japanese sawshark
          The Japanese sawshark is a species of sawshark, family Pristiophoridae, found in the northwest Pacific Ocean around Japan, Korea, and northern China between latitudes 48°N and 22°N, from the surface to 500 m. Its length is up to 1.35 m....

          )
        • Pristiophorus nancyae (African dwarf sawshark)
        • Pristiophorus nudipinnis (Shortnose sawshark
          Shortnose sawshark
          The shortnose sawshark, Pristiophorus nudipinnis, is a sawshark of the family Pristiophoridae, found along the eastern coast of Australia at depths of between 37 and 165 m....

          )
        • Pristiophorus schroederi (Bahamas sawshark
          Bahamas sawshark
          The Bahamas sawshark, Pristiophorus schroederi, is a sawshark of the family Pristiophoridae, found in the western Central Atlantic Ocean from the Bahamas and Cuba at depths of between 400 and 1,000 m. These sharks are at least 80 cm long....

          )
        • Pristiophorus delicatus (Tropical Australian sawshark)
        • Pristiophorus sp. C (Philippine sawshark
          Philippine sawshark
          The Philippine sawshark, Pristiophorus sp.C, is a sawshark of the family Pristiophoridae, found in the Philippines off Apo Island and southern Luzon at depths of between 230 and 590 m...

          )
        • Pristiophorus sp. D (Dwarf sawshark
          Dwarf sawshark
          The dwarf sawshark, Pristiophorus sp.D, is a sawshark of the family Pristiophoridae, found in the west Indian Ocean from Mozambique and possibly Somalia, to the Arabian Sea off Pakistan.-References:...

          )
  • ORDER SQUATINIFORMES
    • Family Squatinidae (Angelsharks and sand devils)
      • Genus Squatina
        • Squatina aculeata (Sawback angelshark
          Sawback angelshark
          The sawback angelshark, Squatina aculeata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae-Identification:Colour: Are a dull grey to a light brown on back that has scarcely scattered with small irregular white spots and also with regular small dark brownish spots. No ocelli. Obtains dark blotches on...

          )
        • Squatina africana (African angelshark
          African angelshark
          The African angelshark, Squatina africana, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae.-Measurments:Born: 28-30 cm TL; Mature: ~ 80 cm , 90 cm TL; Max: ~ 122 cm TL.-Identification:...

          )
        • Squatina albipunctata (Eastern Australian angelshark
          Eastern Australian angelshark
          The Eastern Australian angelshark, Squatina albipunctata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae.-Measurments:Born: 30 cm TL; Mature: ~ 91 cm , 107 cm TL; Max: 110 cm , 130 cm TL.-Identification:...

          )
        • Squatina argentina (Argentine angelshark
          Argentine angelshark
          The Argentine angelshark, Squatina argentina, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae.-Identification:Colour: Are a purplish-brown color with many scattered dark brown spots , that are mostly in circular groups around a central spot. No ocelli. Obtains paler dorsal fins. Body: Has simple...

          )
        • Squatina armata (Chilean angelshark
          Chilean angelshark
          The Chilean angelshark, Squatina armata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found in the subtropical waters of Chile. Its length is up to 1.03 m, although the holotype is lost.Reproduction is ovoviviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Squatina australis (Australian angelshark
          Australian angelshark
          The Australian angelshark is a species of angel shark, family Squatinidae, found in the subtropical waters of southern Australia from Western Australia to New South Wales between latitudes 18°S and 41°S, at depths down to 255 m...

          )
        • Squatina caillieti
          Squatina caillieti
          Squatina caillieti is a species of angel shark, family Squatinidae, known only from a long immature female caught in the Philippines, where it is the only known representative of its family. It has a flattened body and head with greatly expanded pectoral and pelvic fins, and is greenish above with...

        • Squatina californica (Pacific angelshark
          Pacific angelshark
          The Pacific angelshark is a species of angel shark, family Squatinidae, found in the eastern Pacific Ocean from Alaska to the Gulf of California, and from Ecuador to Chile, although those in the Gulf of California and southeastern Pacific may in fact be separate species...

          )
        • Squatina dumeril (Sand devil
          Sand devil
          The sand devil or Atlantic angel shark, Squatina dumeril, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found in the outer continental shelf of the western Atlantic between latitudes 43°N and 9°N...

          )
        • Squatina formosa (Taiwan angelshark
          Taiwan angelshark
          The Taiwan angelshark, Squatina formosa, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found around Taiwan between latitudes 24° N and 22° N, at depths of between 185 and 220 m...

          )
        • Squatina guggenheim (Angular angelshark)
        • Squatina heteroptera (Gulf angelshark)
        • Squatina japonica (Japanese angelshark)
        • Squatina legnota (Indonesian angelshark
          Indonesian angelshark
          The Indonesian angelshark is a rare species of angel shark, family Squatinidae, known only from a few specimens collected from fish landing sites in southern Indonesia. It is thought to inhabit the deep waters of the continental slope. Reaching at least long, this species has a flattened,...

          )
        • Squatina nebulosa (Clouded angelshark
          Clouded angelshark
          The clouded angelshark, Squatina nebulosa, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found in the northwest Pacific from the southeastern Sea of Japan to Taiwan between latitudes 47° N and 22° N...

          )
        • Squatina mexicana (Mexican angelshark)
        • Squatina oculata (Smoothback angelshark
          Smoothback angelshark
          The smoothback angelshark, Squatina oculata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found in the eastern Atlantic between latitudes 47°N and 28°S...

          )
        • Squatina occulta (Hidden angelshark)
        • Squatina pseudocellata (Western Australian angelshark
          Western Australian angelshark
          The Western Australian angelshark, Squatina pseudocellata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found on the tropical outer continental shelf off northern Western Australia, at depths of...

          )
        • Squatina punctata
          Squatina punctata
          Squatina punctata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found in the southwest Atlantic from southern Brazil to Argentina, at depths of from 10 to 80 m...

        • Squatina squatina
          Squatina squatina
          The angelshark is a species of shark in the family Squatinidae , once widespread in the coastal waters of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Well-adapted for camouflaging itself on the sea floor, the angelshark has a flattened form with enlarged pectoral and pelvic fins, giving it a superficial...

          (Angelshark)
        • Squatina tergocellata (Ornate angelshark
          Ornate angelshark
          The ornate angelshark, Squatina tergocellata, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae endemic to southeast Australia between latitudes 30° S and 35° S, at depths of between 130 and 400 m...

          )
        • Squatina tergocellatoides (Ocellated angelshark
          Ocellated angelshark
          The ocellated angelshark, Squatina tergocellatoides, is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found only from the Taiwan Straits in the western Pacific between latitudes 28° N and 22° N and in northern Malaysia...

          )
        • Squatina sp. (Cortez angelshark)
  • ORDER HETERODONTIFORMES (Bullhead sharks)
    • Family Heterodontidae (Bullhead sharks, horn sharks, and port jackson sharks)
      • Genus Heterodontus
        • Heterodontus francisci (Horn shark
          Horn shark
          The horn shark is a species of bullhead shark, family Heterodontidae. It is endemic to the coastal waters off the western coast of North America, from California to the Gulf of California. Young sharks are segregated spatially from the adults, with the former preferring deeper sandy flats and the...

          )
        • Heterodontus galeatus (Crested bullhead shark
          Crested bullhead shark
          The crested bullhead shark is an uncommon species of bullhead shark, family Heterodontidae, occurring off eastern Australia from the coast to a depth of . This shark can be distinguished from other members of its family by the large size of the ridges above its eyes and by its color pattern of...

          )
        • Heterodontus japonicus (Japanese bullhead shark
          Japanese bullhead shark
          The Japanese bullhead shark is a species of bullhead shark, family Heterodontidae, found in the northwestern Pacific Ocean off the coasts of Japan, Korea, and China. This benthic shark occurs at depths of over rocky bottoms or kelp beds...

          )
        • Heterodontus mexicanus (Mexican hornshark
          Mexican hornshark
          The Mexican hornshark, Heterodontus mexicanus, is a bullhead shark of the family Heterodontidae....

          )
        • Heterodontus omanensis (Oman bullhead shark
          Oman bullhead shark
          The Oman bullhead shark, Heterodontus omanensis, is a bullhead shark of the family Heterodontidae, found in the tropical western Indian Ocean around central Oman from the surface to 70 m. Its length is up to ....

          )
        • Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Port Jackson shark
          Port Jackson shark
          The Port Jackson shark, Heterodontus portusjacksoni, is a nocturnal, oviparous type of bullhead shark of the family Heterodontidae, found in the coastal region of southern Australia, including the waters off Port Jackson. It has a large head with prominent forehead ridges and dark brown...

          )
        • Heterodontus quoyi (Galapagos bullhead shark
          Galapagos bullhead shark
          The Galapagos bullhead shark, Heterodontus quoyi, is a bullhead shark of the family Heterodontidae, found in the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean between latitudes 0° to 10° S, at depths of between 3 and 40 m. Its length is up to 1.07 m....

          )
        • Heterodontus ramalheira (Whitespotted bullhead shark
          Whitespotted bullhead shark
          The whitespotted bullhead shark, Heterodontus ramalheira, is a bullhead shark of the family Heterodontidae, found in the western Indian Ocean between latitudes 22° N to 26° S, at depths of between 40 and 275 m. Its length is up to 64 cm....

          )
        • Heterodontus zebra (Zebra bullhead shark
          Zebra bullhead shark
          The Zebra Bullhead Shark is a bullhead shark of the family Heterodontidae, found in the subtropical western Pacific Ocean between latitudes 40° N to 20° S, at depths of between 50 and 200 m. Its length is up to 1.25 m. Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
  • ORDER ORECTOLOBIFORMES (Carpet sharks)
    • Family Brachaeluridae
      Brachaeluridae
      The Brachaeluridae, or blind sharks, are a small family of sharks in the order Orectolobiformes. There are only two species of blind shark, both of which are native to shallow coastal waters up to depth, off the eastern coast of Australia....

      (Blind catsharks and blind sharks)
      • Genus Brachaelurus
        • Brachaelurus waddi (Blind shark
          Blind shark
          The blind shark is one of two species of carpet sharks in the family Brachaeluridae, along with the bluegrey carpetshark , and the only extant member of its genus. Found along the coast of eastern Australia, this nocturnal, bottom-dwelling species is common in rocky areas and seagrass beds from...

          )
      • Genus Heteroscyllium
        • Heteroscyllium colcloughi (Bluegray carpetshark
          Bluegray carpetshark
          The bluegrey carpetshark or Colclough's shark is an uncommon species of carpet shark endemic to shallow inshore waters off northeastern Australia. It is one of the two extant members of the family Brachaeluridae, and the only member of its genus...

          )
    • Family Ginglymostomatidae (Nurse sharks
      Nurse sharks
      Ginglymostomatidae is a cosmopolitan family of carpet sharks, containing the three monotypic genera of nurse sharks. Common in shallow, tropical and subtropical waters, these sharks are sluggish and docile bottom-dwellers...

      )
      • Genus Ginglymostoma
        • Ginglymostoma cirratum (Nurse shark
          Nurse shark
          The nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, sometimes referred to as the Nur Shark is a shark in the nurse sharks family, the only member of its genus Ginglymostoma...

          )
      • Genus Nebrius
        Nebrius
        Nebrius is a genus of carpet sharks in the family Ginglymostomatidae. It contains a single extant species, the tawny nurse shark , as well as a number of extinct species dating back to the Early Paleocene....

        • Nebrius ferrugineus (Tawny nurse shark
          Tawny nurse shark
          The tawny nurse shark is a species of carpet shark in the family Ginglymostomatidae, and the only extant member of the genus Nebrius. It is found widely along coastlines in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, preferring reefs, sandy flats, and seagrass beds from very shallow water to a depth of 70 m...

          )
      • Genus Pseudoginglymostoma
        • Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Short-tail nurse shark)
    • Family Hemiscylliidae
      Hemiscylliidae
      Hemiscylliidae is a family of sharks in the order Orectolobiformes, commonly known as longtail carpet sharks or bamboo sharks. They are found in shallow waters of the tropical Indo-Pacific....

      (Bamboo sharks and longtailed carpetsharks)
      • Genus Chiloscyllium
        • Chiloscyllium arabicum (Arabian carpetshark
          Arabian carpetshark
          The Arabian carpetshark is a species of carpet shark in the family Hemiscylliidae, inhabiting coral reefs and other shallow coastal habitats from the Persian Gulf to India. Reaching long, this shark is characterized by a slender, plain brown body, and by two dorsal fins with straight trailing...

          )
        • Chiloscyllium burmensis (Burmese bamboo shark
          Burmese bamboo shark
          The Burmese bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium burmensis, is an extremely rare bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. Only one single specimen is known to science. It was caught 1963 off the coast from Rangoon in Burma in a depth of 29 – 33 m...

          )
        • Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum (Bluespotted bamboo shark
          Bluespotted bamboo shark
          The bluespotted bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found around Madagascar, between latitudes 10°N and 26°S. Its length is up to 67 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Chiloscyllium griseum (Grey bamboo shark
          Grey bamboo shark
          The grey bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium griseum, is a species of carpet shark in the family Hemiscylliidae, found in the Indo-West Pacific Oceans from the Arabian Sea to Pakistan, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, China, Japan, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea, between latitudes 34° N and 10°...

          )
        • Chiloscyllium hasseltii (Hasselt's bamboo shark
          Hasselt's bamboo shark
          Hasselt's bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium hasseltii, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found around Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, between latitudes 23° N and 10° N, and longitude 91° E and 133° E; residing inshore...

          )
        • Chiloscyllium indicum (Slender bamboo shark
          Slender bamboo shark
          The slender bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium indicum, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found in the Indo-West Pacific Oceans between latitudes 40° N and 10° S, and longitude 65° E and 160° E...

          )
        • Chiloscyllium plagiosum (White-spotted bamboo shark
          White-spotted bamboo shark
          The whitespotted bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium plagiosum, is a carpet shark with an adult size that approaches one metre in length This small, mostly nocturnal species is harmless to humans. The whitespotted bamboo shark is occasionally kept as a pet in larger home aquariums. It can grow up to ...

          )
        • Chiloscyllium punctatum (Brownbanded bamboo shark
          Brownbanded bamboo shark
          The brownbanded bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium punctatum, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found in the Indo-West Pacific from Japan to northern Australia, between latitudes 34° N and 26° S, to depths of . Its length is up to...

          )
      • Genus Hemiscyllium
        • Hemiscyllium freycineti (Indonesian speckled carpetshark
          Indonesian speckled carpetshark
          The Indonesian speckled carpetshark, Hemiscyllium freycineti, is a species of bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. It is found in the shallow ocean around West Papua, Indonesia, but was formerly believed to be more widespread. This was due to confusion with H. michaeli, a species described...

          )
        • Hemiscyllium galei
          Hemiscyllium galei
          Hemiscyllium galei is a species of bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. Together with H. henryi, it was only scientifically described in 2008 by Gerald R. Allen and Mark V. Erdmann. At present, H. galei is only known from depths of at reefs in the Cenderawasih Bay in West Papua, Indonesia....

        • Hemiscyllium hallstromi (Papuan epaulette shark
          Papuan epaulette shark
          The Papuans epaulette shark, Hemiscyllium hallstromi, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found around southern Papua New Guinea, between latitudes 7° S and 10° S, and longitude 144° E and 146° E...

          )
        • Hemiscyllium henryi
          Hemiscyllium henryi
          Hemiscyllium henryi is a species of bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. Together with H. galei, it was only scientifically described in 2008. At present, H. henryi is only known from depths of at reefs near Triton Bay in West Papua, Indonesia. It reaches a length of , and is covered in...

        • Hemiscyllium michaeli
          Hemiscyllium michaeli
          Hemiscyllium michaeli, commonly known as the Milne Bay epaulette shark, is a species of bamboo shark in the genus Hemiscyllium. It is a tropical shark known from the shallow ocean in the Milne Bay region of eastern Papua New Guinea. The epaulette sharks of this region have long been confused with...

          (Milne Bay epaulette shark)
        • Hemiscyllium ocellatum (Epaulette shark
          Epaulette shark
          The epaulette shark is a species of longtailed carpet shark, family Hemiscylliidae, found in shallow, tropical waters off Australia and New Guinea . The common name of this shark comes from the very large, white-margined black spot behind each pectoral fin, which are reminiscent of military...

          )
        • Hemiscyllium strahani (Hooded carpetshark
          Hooded carpetshark
          The hooded carpetshark, Hemiscyllium strahani, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found around Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea, between latitudes 5° S and 10° S, and longitude 144° E and 153° E...

          )
        • Hemiscyllium trispeculare (Speckled carpetshark
          Speckled carpetshark
          The speckled carpetshark, Hemiscyllium trispeculare, is a bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae found around north and west Australia between latitudes 8° S and 22° S, and longitude 114° E and 152° E...

          )
    • Family Orectolobidae (Wobbegongs)
      • Genus Eucrossorinus
        • Eucrossorinus dasypogon (Tasselled wobbegong
          Tasselled wobbegong
          The tasselled wobbegong, Eucrossorinus dasypogon, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean between latitudes 1° N and 23° S. It reaches a length of 1.25 m.Reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
      • Genus Orectolobus
        Orectolobus
        Orectolobus is a genus of carpet sharks in the family Orectolobidae. They are commonly known as wobbegongs, although this name also applies to the other members of the family....

        • Orectolobus floridus (Floral banded wobbegong
          Floral banded wobbegong
          The floral banded wobbegong is a recently described species of carpet shark found in the Indian Ocean off southwestern Australia. With a maximum length of up to , it is among the smallest wobbegongs....

          )
        • Orectolobus halei
          Orectolobus halei
          Orectolobus halei, the Gulf wobbegong or banded wobbegong, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in southern Australia between Southport, Queensland and Norwegian Bay, Western Australia....

          (Banded or Gulf wobbegong)
        • Orectolobus hutchinsi
          Orectolobus hutchinsi
          Orectolobus hutchinsi, the western wobbegong, is a species of carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae. Despite having been known for many years , it only received its scientific name in 2006. It is found at rocky reefs off Western Australia between Bremer Bay and Coral Bay at depths down to...

          (Western wobbegong)
        • Orectolobus japonicus (Japanese wobbegong
          Japanese wobbegong
          The Japanese wobbegong, Orectolobus japonicus, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in the tropical western Pacific Ocean from Japan and Korea to Viet Nam and the Philippines, between latitudes 43° N to 6° N. It reaches a length of 1 m....

          )
        • Orectolobus leptolineatus (Indonesian wobbegong)
        • Orectolobus maculatus (Spotted wobbegong
          Spotted wobbegong
          The spotted wobbegong, Orectolobus maculatus, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in the eastern Indian Ocean from Western Australia to southern Queensland, between latitudes 20° S to 40° S. It reaches a length of 3 meters ....

          )
        • Orectolobus ornatus (Ornate wobbegong
          Ornate wobbegong
          The ornate wobbegong, Orectolobus ornatus, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean around eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Australia, between latitudes 1° N and 34° S...

          )
        • Orectolobus parvimaculatus (Dwarf spotted wobbegong
          Dwarf spotted wobbegong
          The dwarf spotted wobbegong is a recently described carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae. It is found at depths of off south-western Australia. It reaches a total length of ....

          )
        • Orectolobus reticulatus
          Orectolobus reticulatus
          The network wobbegong is a recently described species of carpet shark found in relatively shallow waters off north-western Australia. With a known maximum length of only , it may be the smallest species of wobbegong....

          (Network wobbegong)
        • Orectolobus wardi (Northern wobbegong
          Northern wobbegong
          The northern wobbegong, Orectolobus wardi, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean around Australia, between latitudes 9° S to 26° S. It reaches a length of 63 cm.-Captivity:...

          )
      • Genus Sutorectus
        • Sutorectus tentaculatus (Cobbler wobbegong
          Cobbler wobbegong
          The cobbler wobbegong, Sutorectus tentaculatus, is a carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, the only member of the genus Sutorectus. It is found in the subtropical eastern Indian Ocean around Western Australia between latitudes 26° S and 35° S. It is frequently found in rocky and coral reef areas...

          )
    • Family Parascylliidae
      Parascylliidae
      The Parascylliidae, or collared carpet sharks are a family of sharks. They are only found in shallow waters of the western Pacific.They are relatively small sharks, with the largest species reaching no more than in adult length. They have elongated, slender, bodies, cat-like eyes, and barbels...

      (Collared carpetsharks)
      • Genus Cirrhoscyllium
        Cirrhoscyllium
        Cirrhoscyllium is a genus of Carpetsharks in the family Parascylliidae. It currently contains the following species:* Cirrhoscyllium expolitum H. M. Smith & Radcliffe, 1913...

        • Cirrhoscyllium expolitum (Barbelthroat carpetshark
          Barbelthroat carpetshark
          The barbelthroat carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium expolitum, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found in the South China Sea between Luzon in the Philippines and China, between latitudes 23° N and 10° N, at depths of between 180 and 190 m...

          )
        • Cirrhoscyllium formosanum (Taiwan saddled carpetshark
          Taiwan saddled carpetshark
          The Taiwan saddled carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium formosanum, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found around Taiwan, between latitudes 28°N and 21°N, at depths down to 110 m...

          )
        • Cirrhoscyllium japonicum (Saddle carpetshark
          Saddle carpetshark
          The Saddle Carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium japonicum, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found around Japan, between latitudes 35°N and 24°N, at depths of between . The Saddle Carpetshark is known to grow up to in length, and it is an Oviparous reproducing animal....

          )
      • Genus Parascyllium
        Parascyllium
        Parascyllium is a genus of Carptesharks in the family Parascylliidae. It currently contains the following species:* Parascyllium collare E. P. Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888...

        • Parascyllium collare (Collared carpetshark
          Collared carpetshark
          The collared carpetshark, Parascyllium collare, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found off eastern Australia, between latitudes 26°S and 38°S, at depths of between 20 and 160 m...

          )
        • Parascyllium ferrugineum (Rusty carpetshark
          Rusty carpetshark
          The rusty carpetshark, Parascyllium ferrugineum, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found off southern Australia, between latitudes 31°S and 41°S, at depths of between 5 and 150 m...

          )
        • Parascyllium sparsimaculatum (Ginger carpetshark
          Ginger carpetshark
          The ginger carpetshark, Parascyllium sparsimaculatum, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found off Western Australia.-References:...

          )
        • Parascyllium variolatum (Necklace carpetshark
          Necklace carpetshark
          The necklace carpetshark, Parascyllium variolatum, is a carpetshark of the family Parascylliidae found around Australia between latitudes 37°S and 41°S, at depths down to 180 m. Its length is up to 91 cm.Reproduction is oviparous.-References:...

          )
    • Family Rhincodontidae
      • Genus Rhincodon
        • Rhincodon typus (Whale shark
          Whale shark
          The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a slow-moving filter feeding shark, the largest extant fish species. The largest confirmed individual had a length of and a weight of more than , but unconfirmed claims report considerably larger whale sharks...

          )
    • Family Stegostomatidae (Zebra sharks)
      • Genus Stegostoma
        • Stegostoma fasciatum (Zebra shark
          Zebra shark
          The zebra shark is a species of carpet shark and the sole member of the family Stegostomatidae. It is found throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific, frequenting coral reefs and sandy flats to a depth of 62 m...

          )
    • Family Ginglymostomatidae (Nurse sharks)
      • Genus Ginglymostoma
        • Ginglymostoma cirratum (Nurse shark
          Nurse shark
          The nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, sometimes referred to as the Nur Shark is a shark in the nurse sharks family, the only member of its genus Ginglymostoma...

          )
      • Genus Nebrius
        Nebrius
        Nebrius is a genus of carpet sharks in the family Ginglymostomatidae. It contains a single extant species, the tawny nurse shark , as well as a number of extinct species dating back to the Early Paleocene....

        • Nebrius ferrugeneus (Tawny nurse shark
          Tawny nurse shark
          The tawny nurse shark is a species of carpet shark in the family Ginglymostomatidae, and the only extant member of the genus Nebrius. It is found widely along coastlines in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, preferring reefs, sandy flats, and seagrass beds from very shallow water to a depth of 70 m...

          )
      • Genus Pseudoginglymostoma
        • Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Short-tail nurse shark)
  • ORDER CARCHARHINIFORMES
    Carcharhiniformes
    The ground sharks, order Carcharhiniformes, are the largest order of sharks. With over 270 species, carcharhiniforms include a number of common types, such as the blue shark, catsharks, swellsharks, and sandbar shark....

    (Ground sharks)
    • Family Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
      • Genus Carcharhinus
        Carcharhinus
        Carcharhinus is the type genus of the requiem shark family, Carcharhinidae.- Species :* Carcharhinus acarenatus * Carcharhinus acronotus...

        • Carcharhinus acronotus (Blacknose shark
          Blacknose shark
          The blacknose shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, common in the tropical and subtropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean. This species generally inhabits coastal seagrass, sand, or rubble habitats, with adults preferring deeper water than juveniles...

          )
        • Carcharhinus albimarginatus (Silvertip shark
          Silvertip shark
          The silvertip shark is a large species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, with a fragmented distribution throughout the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. This species is often encountered around offshore islands and coral reefs, and has been known to dive to a depth of 800 m...

          )
        • Carcharhinus altimus (Bignose shark
          Bignose shark
          The bignose shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. Distributed worldwide in tropical and subtropical waters, this migratory shark frequents deep waters around the edges of the continental shelf. It is typically found at depths of , though at night it may move towards the...

          )
        • Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides (Graceful shark
          Graceful shark
          The graceful shark or Queensland shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical Indo-Pacific from the Gulf of Aden to northern Australia. It is a midwater species that has been recorded to a depth of...

          )
        • Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Gray reef shark
          Gray reef shark
          The grey reef shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. One of the most common reef sharks in the Indo-Pacific, it is found as far east as Easter Island and as far west as South Africa. This species is most often seen in shallow water near the drop-offs of coral reefs...

          )
        • Carcharhinus amboinensis (Pigeye shark
          Pigeye shark
          The pigeye shark, Carcharhinus amboinensis, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in tropical waters between latitudes 26° N and 26° S, from the surface to 150 m. Its length is up to about 2.8 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus borneensis (Borneo shark
          Borneo shark
          The Borneo shark is a very rare and little-known species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the shallow coastal waters of northwestern Borneo and possibly elsewhere in Southeast Asia. A small shark reaching in length, this species is the only member of its genus with enlarged pores...

          )
        • Carcharhinus brachyurus (Copper shark)
        • Carcharhinus brevipinna (Spinner shark
          Spinner shark
          The spinner shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, named for the spinning leaps it makes as a part of its feeding strategy. This species occurs in tropical and warm temperate waters worldwide, except for in the eastern Pacific Ocean...

          )
        • Carcharhinus cautus (Nervous shark
          Nervous shark
          The nervous shark, Carcharhinus cautus, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean between latitudes 5° S and 30° S. Its length is up to about 1.5 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus dussumieri (Whitecheek shark
          Whitecheek shark
          The whitecheek shark, Carcharhinus dussumieri, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean between latitudes 34° N and 25° S. Its length is up to about 1.2 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark
          Silky shark
          The silky shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, named for the smooth texture of its skin. It is one of the most abundant sharks in the pelagic zone, and can be found around the world in tropical waters. Highly mobile and migratory, this shark is most often found over the edge...

          )
        • Carcharhinus fitzroyensis (Creek whaler
          Creek whaler
          The creek whaler, Carcharhinus fitzroyensis, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the southwestern Pacific Ocean between latitudes 10° S and 26° S, from the surface to at least 40 m. Its length is up to about 1.35 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus galapagensis (Galapagos shark
          Galapagos shark
          The Galapagos shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found worldwide. This species favors clear reef environments around oceanic islands, where it is often the most abundant shark species...

          )
        • Carcharhinus hemiodon (Pondicherry shark
          Pondicherry shark
          The Pondicherry shark is a very rare and little-known species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. It is mostly found in coastal and possibly brackish waters around the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. This shark is small and stocky, with a rather long snout and a large first dorsal fin...

          )
        • Carcharhinus isodon (Finetooth shark
          Finetooth shark
          The finetooth shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Brazil. It forms large schools in shallow, coastal waters and migrates seasonally following warm water...

          )
        • Carcharhinus leiodon (Smooth tooth blacktip shark
          Smooth tooth blacktip shark
          The smoothtooth blacktip shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, known only from a single immature specimen from the Gulf of Aden. It resembles the blacktip reef shark in shape and color, having black tips on all fins, but has a more pointed snout and narrow, smooth-edged...

          )
        • Carcharhinus leucas (Bull shark
          Bull shark
          The bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, also known as Zambezi shark or unofficially known as Zambi in Africa and Nicaragua shark in Nicaragua, is a shark common worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers...

          )
        • Carcharhinus limbatus (Blacktip shark
          Blacktip shark
          The blacktip shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. It is common to coastal tropical and subtropical waters around the world, including brackish habitats. Genetic analyses have revealed substantial variation within this species, with populations from the western Atlantic Ocean...

          )
        • Carcharhinus longimanus (Oceanic whitetip shark
          Oceanic whitetip shark
          The oceanic whitetip shark, Carcharhinus longimanus, is a large pelagic shark inhabiting tropical and warm temperate seas. Its stocky body is most notable for its long, white-tipped, rounded fins....

          )
        • Carcharhinus macloti (Hardnose shark
          Hardnose shark
          The hardnose shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the Indo-West Pacific oceans between latitudes 26° N and 11° S, from the surface to 170 m. Its length is up to about 1.1 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus melanopterus (Blacktip reef shark
          Blacktip reef shark
          The blacktip reef shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, easily identified by the prominent black tips on its fins...

          )
        • Carcharhinus obscurus (Dusky shark
          Dusky shark
          The dusky shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, occurring in tropical and warm-temperate continental seas worldwide. A generalist apex predator, the dusky shark can be found from the coast to the outer continental shelf and adjacent pelagic waters, and has been recorded from...

          )
        • Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark
          Caribbean reef shark
          The Caribbean reef shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. It is found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil, and is the most commonly encountered reef shark in the Caribbean Sea...

          )
        • Carcharhinus plumbeus (Sandbar shark
          Sandbar shark
          The sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, native to the Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific. It is distinguishable by its very high first dorsal fin and inter-dorsal ridge....

          )
        • Carcharhinus porosus (Smalltail shark
          Smalltail shark
          The smalltail shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the western Atlantic Ocean from the northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil. It inhabits shallow waters close to shore, particularly over muddy bottoms around estuaries. It tends to swim low in the water column...

          )
        • Carcharhinus sealei (Blackspot shark
          Blackspot shark
          The blackspot shark, Carcharhinus sealei, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the Indo-West Pacific oceans between latitudes 24° N and 30° S, from the surface to 40 m. Its length is up to about 1.5 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus signatus (Night shark
          Night shark
          The night shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean...

          )
        • Carcharhinus sorrah (Spottail shark
          Spottail shark
          The spottail shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the Indo-West Pacific oceans waters between latitudes 31° N and 31° S, from the surface to 140 m. Its length is up to about 1.6 m....

          )
        • Carcharhinus tilstoni (Australian blacktip shark
          Australian blacktip shark
          The Australian blacktip shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. It is one of the two most abundant shark species in commercial gill-net catches off northern Australia . Black markings on the tips of both dorsal fins, and the pectoral and lower caudal fins distinguish C...

          )
        • Carcharhinus wheeleri (Blacktail reef shark)
      • Genus Galeocerdo
        • Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger shark
          Tiger shark
          The tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, is a species of requiem shark and the only member of the genus Galeocerdo. Commonly known as sea tigers, tiger sharks are relatively large macropredators, capable of attaining a length of over . It is found in many tropical and temperate waters, and is...

          )
      • Genus Glyphis
        • Glyphis gangeticus (Ganges shark
          Ganges shark
          The Ganges shark is a rare species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River of India. It should not be confused with the Bull shark, which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark....

          )
        • Glyphis glyphis (Speartooth shark
          Speartooth shark
          The speartooth shark is an extremely rare species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. Only immature specimens, which inhabit the tidal reaches of large tropical rivers in northern Australia and New Guinea, are known. It is exclusively found in fast-moving, highly turbid waters over a wide...

          )
        • Glyphis siamensis (Irrawaddy river shark
          Irrawaddy river shark
          The Irrawaddy river shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, known only from a single museum specimen originally caught at the mouth of the Irrawaddy River in Myanmar...

          )
        • Glyphis fowlerae (Borneo river shark
          Borneo river shark
          The Borneo river shark, is a shark of the family Carcharhinidae. Its length is up to 78 cm.Reproduction is presumed to be viviparous.-References:...

          )
        • Glyphis garricki (New Guinea river shark
          New Guinea river shark
          The northern river shark or New Guinea river shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in scattered tidal rivers and associated coastal waters in northern Australia and possibly Papua New Guinea...

          )
      • Genus Isogomphodon
        • Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus (Daggernose shark
          Daggernose shark
          The daggernose shark is a little-known species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, and the only extant member of its genus. It occurs in shallow tropical waters off northeastern South America from Trinidad to northern Brazil, favoring muddy habitats such as mangroves, estuaries, and river...

          )
      • Genus Lamiopsis
        • Lamiopsis temminckii (Broadfin shark
          Broadfin shark
          The broadfin shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific oceans between latitudes 24° N and 4° S, from the surface to 50 m. Its length is up to about 1.7 m. It is viviparous, and not known to be dangerous to people....

          )
      • Genus Loxodon
        • Loxodon macrorhinus (Sliteye shark
          Sliteye shark
          The sliteye shark the only member of the genus Loxodon, is a shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific oceans between latitudes 34° N and 30° S, from depths of 7 to 100 m. Its length is up to about 95 cm....

          )
      • Genus Nasolamia
        • Nasolamia velox (Whitenose shark
          Whitenose shark
          The whitenose shark is a shark of the family Carcharhinidae. The only member of the genus Nasolamia, it is found in the tropical waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean between latitudes 31° N and 18° S, from depths of 15 to 200 m...

          )
      • Genus Negaprion
        Negaprion
        Negaprion is a genus of requiem sharks, family Carcharhinidae, containing the two extant species of lemon sharks: the lemon shark of the Americas, and the sicklefin lemon shark of the Indo-Pacific...

         (Lemon sharks)
        • Negaprion acutidens (Sicklefin lemon shark
          Sicklefin lemon shark
          The sicklefin lemon shark or sharptooth lemon shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, widely distributed in the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific. It is closely related to the better-known lemon shark The sicklefin lemon shark or sharptooth lemon shark (Negaprion acutidens)...

          )
        • Negaprion brevirostris (Lemon shark
          Lemon shark
          The lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris, is a shark in the family Carcharhinidae, that can grow to long. It is known as the lemon shark because, at certain depths, light interacting with the local seawater can give this shark a tanned and yellow pitted appearance, much like the surface of a...

          )
      • Genus Prionace
        • Prionace glauca (Blue shark
          Blue shark
          The blue shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, that inhabits deep waters in the world's temperate and tropical oceans. Preferring cooler waters, blue sharks migrate long distances, for example from New England to South America. Although generally lethargic, they can move very...

          )
      • Genus Rhizoprionodon
        Rhizoprionodon
        Rhizoprionodon is a genus of requiem sharks, family Carcharhinidae, commonly known as sharpnose sharks because of their long, pointed snouts.-Species:* Rhizoprionodon acutus...

         (Sharpnose sharks)
        • Rhizoprionodon acutus (Milk shark
          Milk shark
          The milk shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, whose common name comes from an Indian belief that consumption of its meat promotes lactation...

          )
        • Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Brazilian sharpnose shark
          Brazilian sharpnose shark
          The Brazilian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon lalandii, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean between latitudes 13° N and 33° S, at depths of between 3 and 70 m. Its length is up to about 77 cm....

          )
        • Rhizoprionodon longurio (Pacific sharpnose shark
          Pacific sharpnose shark
          The Pacific sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon longurio, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the subtropical waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean between latitudes 33° N and 16° S, from the surface to 27 m. Its length is up to about 1.5 m ....

          )
        • Rhizoprionodon oligolinx (Grey sharpnose shark
          Grey sharpnose shark
          The grey sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon oligolinx, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific Oceans between latitudes 30° N and 18° S, from the surface to 36 m...

          )
        • Rhizoprionodon porosus (Caribbean sharpnose shark
          Caribbean sharpnose shark
          The Caribbean sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon porosus, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean between latitudes 28° N and 40° S, from the surface to 500 m. Its length is up to about 1.1 m....

          )
        • Rhizoprionodon taylori (Australian sharpnose shark
          Australian sharpnose shark
          The Australian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon taylori, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the tropical waters of the western Pacific Ocean off Papua New Guinea and northern Australia between latitudes 8° N and 28° S, from the surface to 110 m. Its length is up to...

          )
        • Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharpnose shark
          Atlantic sharpnose shark
          The Atlantic sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the subtropical waters of the northwestern Atlantic Ocean between latitudes 43° N and 25° S,-Habitat:...

          )
      • Genus Scoliodon
        • Scoliodon laticaudus (Spadenose shark
          Spadenose shark
          The spadenose shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, and the only member of its genus. It is common in the tropical Indian and western Pacific Oceans, where it forms large schools in shallow water. A small shark reaching a length of , the spadenose shark is named for its...

          )
      • Genus Triaenodon
        • Triaenodon obesus (Whitetip reef shark
          Whitetip reef shark
          The whitetip reef shark is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, and the only member of its genus. A small shark usually not exceeding in length, this species is easily recognizable by its slender body and short but broad head, as well as tubular skin flaps beside the nostrils, oval...

          )
    • Family Hemigaleidae
      Hemigaleidae
      The weasel sharks are a family, Hemigaleidae, of ground sharks found from the eastern Atlantic Ocean to the continental Indo-Pacific. They are found in shallow coastal waters to a depth of 100 m ....

      (Weasel sharks)
      • Genus Chaenogaleus
        • Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Hooktooth shark
          Hooktooth shark
          The hooktooth shark, Chaenogaleus macrostoma, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae, the only member of the genus Chaenogaleus, found in the tropical Indo-West Pacific oceans between latitudes 30° N and 10° S, including the Persian Gulf, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Thailand, Viet...

          )
      • Genus Hemigaleus
        • Hemigaleus australiensis (Australian weasel shark
          Australian weasel shark
          The Australian weasel shark, Hemigaleus australiensis, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae, found in the tropical eastern Indian Ocean to the Western Pacific including Australia, at depths of between 12 and 170 m. Its length is up to 1.1 m....

          )
        • Hemigaleus microstoma (Sicklefin weasel shark
          Sicklefin weasel shark
          The sicklefin weasel shark, Hemigaleus microstoma, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae, found in the tropical Indo-West Pacific Oceans between latitudes 28° N and 30° S. Its length is up to 1.1 m.Reproduction is viviparous....

          )
      • Genus Hemipristis
        Hemipristis
        Hemipristis is a genus of weasel shark, family Hemigaleidae. It contains one extant species, the snaggletooth shark , as well as several extinct species.Hemipristis has two distinct type of teeth in each section of its jaw...

        • Hemipristis elongatus (Snaggletooth shark
          Snaggletooth shark
          The snaggletooth shark, Hemipristis elongatus, is a species of weasel shark, family Hemigaleidae, and the only extant member of the genus Hemipristis. It is found in the Indo-West Pacific, including the Red Sea, from southeast Africa to the Philippines, north to China, and south to Australia, at...

          )
      • Genus Paragaleus
        • Paragaleus leucolomatus (Whitetip weasel shark
          Whitetip weasel shark
          The whitetip weasel shark, Paragaleus leucolomatus, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae. Only one specimen, caught off Kosi Bay, South Africa, is known. This specimen was 96 cm long.Reproduction is viviparous....

          )
        • Paragaleus pectoralis (Atlantic weasel shark
          Atlantic weasel shark
          The Atlantic weasel shark, Paragaleus pectoralis, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae, found in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean from the surface to 100 m. Its length is up to 1.4 m....

          )
        • Paragaleus randalli (Slender weasel shark
          Slender weasel shark
          The slender weasel shark, Paragaleus randalli, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae, found in the western Indian Ocean, off Bahrain. Its length is up to 48 cm....

          )
        • Paragaleus tengi (Straight-tooth weasel shark
          Straight-tooth weasel shark
          The straight-tooth weasel shark, Paragaleus tengi, is a weasel shark of the family Hemigaleidae, found in the tropical western Pacific Ocean. Its length is up to 88 cm.Reproduction is viviparous....

          )
    • Family Leptochariidae (Barbeled houndsharks)
      • Genus Leptocharias
        • Leptocharias smithii (Barbeled houndshark
          Barbeled houndshark
          The barbeled houndshark is a species of ground shark and the only member of the family Leptochariidae. This demersal species is found in the coastal waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Mauritania to Angola, at depths of . It favors muddy habitats, particularly around river mouths...

          )
    • Family Proscylliidae
      Proscylliidae
      The finback catsharks are a small family, Proscylliidae, of ground sharks.-Genera and species:* Ctenacis Compagno, 1973** Ctenacis fehlmanni * Eridacnis H. M. Smith, 1913...

      (Finback catsharks)
      • Genus Ctenacis
        • Ctenacis fehlmanni (Harlequin catshark
          Harlequin catshark
          The harlequin catshark is a species of finback catshark, family Proscylliidae, and the only member of the genus Ctenacis, found in the western Indian Ocean off Somalia at depths of between 70 and 170 m. Only the 46 cm holotype exists....

          )
      • Genus Eridacnis
        Eridacnis
        The genus Eridacnis is a small genus of Fin-back catsharks in the family Proscylliidae. It currently consists of the following species:...

        • Eridacnis barbouri (Cuban ribbontail catshark
          Cuban ribbontail catshark
          The Cuban ribbontail catshark, Eridacnis barbouri, is a finback catshark of the family Proscylliidae, found off western central Atlantic Ocean at depths of between 430 and 613 m. It reaches a length of 2 m....

          )
        • Eridacnis radcliffei (Pygmy ribbontail catshark
          Pygmy ribbontail catshark
          The pygmy ribbontail catshark is a species of finback catshark, family Proscylliidae, distributed patchily in the western Indo-Pacific from Tanzania to the Philippines. It occurs around the edges of continental and insular shelves at a depth of , typically on or near mud bottoms...

          )
        • Eridacnis sinuans (African ribbontail catshark
          African ribbontail catshark
          The African ribbontail catshark, Eridacnis sinuans, is a finback catshark of the family Proscylliidae, found in the western Indian Ocean, from Tanzania, South Africa, and Mozambique, at depths of between 180 and 480 m. It reaches a length of 37 cm.The African ribbontail catshark is...

          )
      • Genus Gollum
        • Gollum attenuatus (Slender smooth-hound
          Slender smooth-hound
          The slender smooth-hound or gollumshark is a species of ground shark in the family Pseudotriakidae. It is endemic to the waters around New Zealand, where it is usually found close to the bottom over the continental slope at depths of...

          )
        • Gollum suluensis (Sulu gollumshark
          Sulu gollumshark
          The Sulu gollumshark is a species of ground shark in the family Pseudotriakidae, found off the southern Philippines....

          )
      • Genus Proscyllium
        Proscyllium
        The genus Proscyllium is a small genus of fin-back catsharks in the family Proscylliidae. It currently consists of the following species:* Proscyllium habereri Hilgendorf, 1904...

        • Proscyllium habereri (Graceful catshark
          Graceful catshark
          The graceful catshark is a species of finback catshark, family Proscylliidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean, from southeastern Japan to Vietnam and northwestern Java, at depths of between 50 and 100 m. Females reach a length of 65 cm....

          )
        • Proscyllium venustum
          Proscyllium venustum
          Proscyllium venustum is a finback catshark of the family Proscylliidae, found in the temperate northwest Pacific Ocean, in the Okinawa Trough. Little else is known about this harmless oviparous species....

    • Family Pseudotriakidae
      Pseudotriakidae
      Pseudotriakidae is a small family of ground sharks, order Carcharhiniformes, containing the false catsharks and gollumsharks. It contains the only ground shark species that exhibit intrauterine oophagy, in which developing fetuses are nourished by eggs produced by their mother.-Genera and...

      (False catsharks)
      • Genus Pseudotriakis
        • Pseudotriakis microdon (False catshark
          False catshark
          The false catshark is a species of ground shark in the family Pseudotriakidae, and the sole member of its genus. It has been reported from a number of locations worldwide, usually at depths of 200-1,500 meters on the continental slopes...

          )
    • Family Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks)
      • Genus Apristurus
        Apristurus
        Apristurus is a genus of catshark, the family Scyliorhinidae, commonly known as the ghost or demon catsharks.-Species:* Apristurus albisoma Nakaya & Séret, 1999* Apristurus ampliceps Sasahara, Sato & Nakaya, 2008...

        • Apristurus acanutus (Flatnose cat shark
          Flatnose cat shark
          The flatnose cat shark, Apristurus acanutus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the northwest Pacific Ocean off Zhujiang, South China Sea. This species is now considered a junior synonym of A. platyrhynchus....

          )
        • Apristurus albisoma
          Apristurus albisoma
          Apristurus albisoma, the white-bodied catshark, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae....

          (White-bodied catshark)
        • Apristurus aphyodes
          Apristurus aphyodes
          Apristurus aphyodes, the white ghost catshark, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in deep water in the northeast Atlantic between latitudes 57°N and 58°N....

          (White ghost catshark)
        • Apristurus atlanticus (Atlantic ghost catshark)
        • Apristurus brunneus (Brown catshark
          Brown catshark
          Brown catsharks, Apristurus brunneus, are commonly found in the Pacific ocean, ranging from the northern Pacific waters off the coast of British Columbia and down to the Baja California peninsula in Mexico. It is believed that they may live as far south as Ecuador and Peru...

          )
        • Apristurus canutus (Hoary catshark
          Hoary catshark
          The hoary catshark, Apristurus canutus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western central Atlantic from the Leeward Islands off Antigua and Anguilla, at depths of between 500 and 1,000 m...

          )
        • Apristurus exsanguis (Flaccid catshark
          Flaccid catshark
          The flaccid catshark, Apristurus exsanguis, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only around New Zealand.-References:* Compagno, Dando, & Fowler, Sharks of the World, Princeton University Press, New Jersey 2005 ISBN 978-0-691-12072-0...

          )
        • Apristurus fedorovi
          Apristurus fedorovi
          Apristurus fedorovi, or Federov's catshark, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae. This shark has oviparous reproduction, meaning that it lays eggs....

          (Federov's catshark)
        • Apristurus gibbosus (Humpback cat shark
          Humpback cat shark
          The humpback cat shark, Apristurus gibbosus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae in the order Carcharhiniformes, found in the northwest Pacific Ocean off Zhujiang, South China Sea, from the surface to 915 m. Its length is 39-41 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus herklotsi (Longfin catshark
          Longfin catshark
          The longfin catshark, Apristurus herklotsi, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western Pacific from Japan, the Philippines, East and South China seas, and the Kyūshū-Palau Ridge, at depths of between 530 and 865 m. Its length is up to 48 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus indicus (Smallbelly catshark
          Smallbelly catshark
          The smallbelly catshark, Apristurus indicus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western Indian Ocean from Somalia, the Gulf of Aden, and Oman, at depths of between 1,300 and 1,840 m. Its length is up to 34 cm, although this measurement is of an immature specimen.The...

          )
        • Apristurus internatus
          Apristurus internatus
          Apristurus internatus, the shortnose demon catshark, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only in deep water in the East China Sea. Its length is up to 40 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          (Shortnose demon catshark)
        • Apristurus investigatoris (Broadnose catshark
          Broadnose catshark
          The broadnose catshark, Apristurus investigatoris, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae the holotype and only specimen being found in deepwater in the Andaman Sea in the Indian Ocean between latitudes 16° N and 10° N. Its length is 26 cm, although this is an immature...

          )
        • Apristurus japonicus (Japanese catshark
          Japanese catshark
          The Japanese catshark, Apristurus japonicus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the northwest Pacific from off Chiba Prefecture, Honshū, Japan between latitudes 36° N and 34° N. Its length is up to 71 cm, and it can be found at depths of up to 2,000 m....

          )
        • Apristurus kampae (Longnose catshark
          Longnose catshark
          The longnose catshark, Apristurus kampae, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the eastern central Pacific from central and southern California and the Gulf of California, between latitudes 38° N and 23° N, at depths down to 1,890. Its length is up to 58 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus laurussonii (Iceland catshark
          Iceland catshark
          The Iceland or Icelandic catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in the western Atlantic from Massachusetts, Delaware, the northern Gulf of Mexico, and the eastern Atlantic from Iceland, southwestern Ireland, the Canary Islands and Madeira,South Africa and, between...

          )
        • Apristurus longicephalus (Longhead catshark
          Longhead catshark
          The longhead catshark or smoothbelly catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, with a patchy distribution in the Indo-Pacific from Mozambique to southern Japan to northern Australia. It is found in water between deep...

          )
        • Apristurus macrorhynchus (Flathead catshark
          Flathead catshark
          The flathead catshark, Apristurus macrorhynchus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae in the order Carcharhiniformes, found in deep water in the northwest Pacific Ocean....

          )
        • Apristurus macrostomus (Broadmouth cat shark
          Broadmouth cat shark
          The Broadmouth catshark, Apristurus macrostomus, is a rare cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, the holotype and only specimen of which was taken from off Zhujiang in the South China Sea at a depth of 913 m. Its length is 38 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus manis (Ghost catshark
          Ghost catshark
          The ghost catshark, Apristurus manis, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the continental slopes in the northwest Atlantic from off Massachusetts, and the northeast Atlantic from the Porcupine Bank west of Ireland, at depths of between 600 and 1,900 m. Its length is up to...

          )
        • Apristurus melanoasper (Black roughscale catshark
          Black roughscale catshark
          The black roughscale catshark, Apristurus melanoasper, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the northwest Atlantic slope at depths of between 510 and 1,520 m. Its length is up to  ...

          )
        • Apristurus microps (Smalleye catshark
          Smalleye catshark
          The smalleye catshark, Apristurus microps, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the southeast Atlantic at depths of between 700 and 2,000 m. Its length is up to 61 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Apristurus micropterygeus (Smalldorsal cat shark
          Smalldorsal cat shark
          The smalldorsal cat shark, Apristurus micropterygeus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the South China Sea, at depths down to 915 m. Its length is up to 37 cm.The smalldorsal catshark is oviparous....

          )
        • Apristurus nasutus (Largenose catshark
          Largenose catshark
          The largenose catshark, Apristurus nasutus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the upper continental slopes in the eastern Pacific from the Gulf of Panama, Ecuador and central Chile, between latitudes 9° N and 28° S. Its length is up to 70 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Apristurus parvipinnis (Smallfin catshark
          Smallfin catshark
          The smallfin catshark, Apristurus parvipinnis, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae in the order Carcharhiniformes, found in the western Atlantic at depths of between 635 and 1,115. Its length is up to 48 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus pinguis
          Apristurus pinguis
          Apristurus pinguis, the fat catshark, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only in deep water in the East China Sea. Its length is up to 56 cm....

          (Fat catshark)
        • Apristurus platyrhynchus (Spatulasnout catshark
          Spatulasnout catshark
          The spatulasnout cat shark, Apristurus platyrhynchus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western Pacific between latitudes 35° N and 1° N. Its length is up to 80 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus profundorum (Deepwater catshark
          Deepwater catshark
          The deepwater catshark, Apristurus profundorum, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western Atlantic from Delaware Bay and Suriname, and from the eastern Atlantic from Morocco and northwest Africa....

          )
        • Apristurus riveri (Broadgill catshark
          Broadgill catshark
          The broadgill catshark, Apristurus riveri, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, between latitudes 30° N and 9° N, on the continental slopes at depths of between 700 and 1,500 m. Its length is up to 46 cm.The broadgill catshark is...

          )
        • Apristurus saldanha (Saldanha catshark
          Saldanha catshark
          The Saldanha catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found from Cape Columbine to south of False Bay in South Africa, between latitudes 31° S and 40° S. Its length is up to 88 cm....

          )
        • Apristurus sibogae (Pale catshark
          Pale catshark
          The pale catshark, Apristurus sibogae, is a rare catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae, the holotype and only specimen found on the Makassar Strait slope at a depth of 655 m. Its length is 21 cm, although this is a juvenile specimen....

          )
        • Apristurus sinensis (South China catshark
          South China catshark
          The South China catshark, Apristurus sinensis, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae known only from the holotype which was taken from the South China Sea at a depth of 537 m. Its length is 42 cm, but this is an immature specimen....

          )
        • Apristurus spongiceps (Spongehead catshark
          Spongehead catshark
          The spongehead catshark is a rare species of deep-sea catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. This species was only known from two specimens taken in the Pacific Ocean: an adult from near Bird Island, Hawaii, and a juvenile from the Banda Sea off Sulawesi. They are found on or near the bottoms of insular...

          )
        • Apristurus stenseni (Panama ghost catshark
          Panama ghost catshark
          The Panama ghost catshark, Apristurus stenseni, is a poorly-known cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only off Panama, between latitudes 9° N and 2° N.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
      • Genus Asymbolus
        Asymbolus
        Asymbolus is a genus of catshark in the family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Asymbolus analis * Asymbolus funebris Compagno, Stevens & Last, 1999...

        • Asymbolus analis (Australian spotted catshark
          Australian spotted catshark
          The Australian spotted catshark, Asymbolus analis, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only around Australia between latitudes 32° S and 38° S, at depths of between 10 and 180 m. Its length is up to 90 cm....

          )
        • Asymbolus funebris (Blotched catshark
          Blotched catshark
          The blotched catshark, Asymbolus funebris, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, the only specimen, the holotype, being found off West Australia at 144 m. Its length is 44 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Asymbolus occiduus (Western spotted catshark
          Western spotted catshark
          The western spotted catshark, Asymbolus occiduus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only around southwestern Australia, at depths of between 100 and 400 m. Its length is up to 60 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Asymbolus pallidus (Pale spotted catshark
          Pale spotted catshark
          The pale spotted spotted catshark, Asymbolus pallidus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only off Queensland, at depths of between 225 and 400 m. Its length is up to 44 cm....

          )
        • Asymbolus parvus
          Asymbolus parvus
          The dwarf catshark is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only off West Australia, at depths of between 200 and 400 m. Its length is up to 44 cm.-References:*...

          (Dwarf catshark
          Dwarf catshark
          The dwarf catshark, Scyliorhinus torrei, is a catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found off southern Florida, the Bahamas, and Cuba....

          )
        • Asymbolus rubiginosus
          Asymbolus rubiginosus
          The orange spotted catshark or rusty catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found only off West Australia, at depths of between 25 and 540 m. Its length is up to 39 cm....

          (Orange spotted catshark)
        • Asymbolus submaculatus (Variegated catshark
          Variegated catshark
          The Variegated catshark, Asymbolus submaculatus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found off New South Wales and Western Australia at depths of between 30 and 200 m. Its length is up to 41 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Asymbolus vincenti (Gulf catshark
          Gulf catshark
          The Gulf catshark, Asymbolus vincenti, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only off Western Australia at depths of between 27 and 220 m. Its length is up to 61 cm....

          )
      • Genus Atelomycterus
        Atelomycterus
        Atelomycterus is a genus of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Atelomycterus baliensis W. T. White, Last & Dharmadi, 2005 * Atelomycterus fasciatus Compagno & Stevens, 1993...

        • Atelomycterus baliensis
          Atelomycterus baliensis
          The Bali catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found only from the Indonesian island of Bali. Its length is up to 47 cm....

          (Bali catshark)
        • Atelomycterus fasciatus (Banded sand catshark
          Banded sand catshark
          The banded sand catshark, Atelomycterus fasciatus, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean endemic to northern Australia between latitudes 10° S and 21° S, at depths of between 27 and 120 m. Its length is up to 45 cm....

          )
        • Atelomycterus macleayi (Australian marbled catshark
          Australian marbled catshark
          The Australian marbled catshark, Atelomycterus macleayi, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the eastern Indian Ocean endemic to Western Australia between latitudes 12° S and 21° S, from the surface to 245 m. Its length is up to 60 cm....

          )
        • Atelomycterus marmoratus (Coral catshark
          Coral catshark
          The coral catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. It is common on shallow coral reefs across the Indo-West Pacific, from Pakistan to New Guinea. Reaching in length, the coral catshark has an extremely slender body, a short head and tail, and two dorsal fins that are angled...

          )
      • Genus Aulohalaelurus
        Aulohalaelurus
        Aulohalaelurus is a genus of catshark in the family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Aulohalaelurus kanakorum Séret, 1990 * Aulohalaelurus labiosus...

        • Aulohalaelurus kanakorum (New Caledonia catshark
          New Caledonia catshark
          The New Caledonia catshark, Aulohalaelurus kanakorum, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae in the order Carcharhiniformes, known only from one specimen collected near southwestern New Caledonia in the western central Pacific Ocean. The holotype measured 79 cm.The New Caledonia catshark...

          )
        • Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Blackspotted catshark
          Blackspotted catshark
          The blackspotted catshark, Halaelurus buergeri, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found from Japan, Korea, China, and Taiwan between latitudes 39° N and 20° N, at depths of between 80 and 100 m. Its length is up to 49 cm....

          )
      • Genus Cephaloscyllium
        Cephaloscyllium
        Cephaloscyllium is a genus of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, commonly known as swellsharks because of their ability to inflate their body with water or air as a defense against predators. These sluggish, bottom-dwelling sharks are found widely in the tropical and temperate coastal waters of the...

        • Cephaloscyllium albipinnum (Whitefin swellshark)
        • Cephaloscyllium circulopullum
          Cephaloscyllium circulopullum
          Cephaloscyllium circulopullum, known commonly as the Circle-blotch pygmy swell shark in Malaysia, is a species of catshark in the genus Cephaloscyllium. It is a tropical catshark found around Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam, in the western Pacific Ocean. It was named by K. Yano, A. Ahmed, A.C....

          (Circle-blotch pygmy swellshark)
        • Cephaloscyllium cooki (Cook's swellshark
          Cook's swellshark
          The Cook’s swellshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in the Arafura Sea at a depth of . It is a stocky-bodied shark with a short, broad head and a large mouth, and can be identified by the eight dark, pale-edged saddles along its grayish brown body and tail....

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium fasciatum (Reticulated swellshark
          Reticulated swellshark
          The reticulated swellshark, Cephaloscyllium fasciatum, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western Pacific Ocean between latitudes 21° N and 28° S, at depths of between 220 and 450 m. It grows to about 42 cm in length....

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum (Australian reticulate swellshark
          Australian reticulate swellshark
          The Australian reticulate swellshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found off northwestern Australia at a depth of . This shark has a stocky body and a short, wide head with a capacious mouth...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Draughtsboard shark
          Draughtsboard shark
          The draughtsboard shark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, so named for its "checkerboard" color pattern of dark blotches. It is endemic to New Zealand, where it is also known as the carpet shark...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Australian swellshark
          Australian swellshark
          The Australian swellshark or draughtboard shark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to southern Australia. This bottom-dwelling species can be found on the continental shelf down to a depth of . Usually measuring long, it is a stout-bodied, broad-headed shark with a short...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium maculatum (Spotted swellshark
          Spotted swellshark
          The spotted swellshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, known only from a single long juvenile specimen caught off eastern Taiwan. It is a fairly slender shark with a short, flattened head and a relatively small mouth, and is characterized by its color pattern of angular hollow...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium pardelotum (Leopard-spotted swellshark
          Leopard-spotted swellshark
          The leopard-spotted swellshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, known only from a single long juvenile specimen caught off southern Taiwan. This species has a rather slender build with a short, flattened head and a large mouth. It is characterized by its color pattern of dark...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium pictum (Painted swellshark
          Painted swellshark
          The painted swellshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in eastern Indonesia. This species reaches a maximum known length of , and has a thick body with a short, broad and flattened head...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium sarawakensis (Sarawak pygmy swellshark)
        • Cephaloscyllium signourum (Flagtail swellshark
          Flagtail swellshark
          The flagtail swellshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found at a depth of off northeastern Queensland and possibly also nearby islands. This stout-bodied shark has a short, broad, and flattened head with a capacious mouth...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium silasi (Indian swellshark
          Indian swellshark
          The Indian swellshark, Cephaloscyllium silasi, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the western Indian Ocean from Quilon, India and Sauqira Bay, Oman between latitudes 16° N and 10° N, from the surface to 300 m. It grows to about 36 cm in length, and can expand its body by...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium speccum (Speckled swellshark)
        • Cephaloscyllium stevensi
          Cephaloscyllium stevensi
          Cephaloscyllium stevensi, known commonly as the Steven's swellshark, is a species of swellshark which is known from Papua New Guinea. It was described by Clark and Randall in 2011....

          (Steven's swellshark)
        • Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Balloon shark
          Balloon shark
          The balloon shark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to the southwestern Indian Ocean off South Africa and Mozambique. Benthic in nature, it is found over sandy and muddy flats at depths of...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium umbratile (Blotchy swellshark)
        • Cephaloscyllium variegatum (Saddled swellshark
          Saddled swellshark
          The saddled swellshark is a rare species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to eastern Australia. This bottom-dwelling species is found on the outer continental shelf and upper continental slope at a depth of . It is a robustly built shark with a short, broad, flattened head and a...

          )
        • Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Swell shark)
        • Cephaloscyllium zebrum (Narrowbar swellshark)
      • Genus Cephalurus
        • Cephalurus cephalus (Lollipop catshark
          Lollipop catshark
          The lollipop catshark, Cephalurus cephalus, is a little-known species of deep sea catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, and the only described member of its genus. A diminutive, bottom-dwelling shark of the outer continental shelf and upper continental slope, this species can be readily identified by...

          )
      • Genus Galeus
        Galeus
        Galeus is a genus of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, commonly known as sawtail catsharks in reference to a distinctive saw-toothed crest of enlarged dermal denticles found along the upper edges of their caudal fins. They are found in the Atlantic, the western and central Pacific, and the Gulf of...

        • Galeus antillensis (Antilles catshark
          Antilles catshark
          The Antilles catshark is a common but little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. It is found on or near the bottom at a depth of off Florida and the West Indies from Jamaica to Martinique. It was once regarded as a subspecies of the similar roughtail catshark , along with the...

          )
        • Galeus arae (Roughtail catshark
          Roughtail catshark
          The roughtail catshark or marbled catshark is a common species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. It is found at a depth of in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea, from North Carolina to Costa Rica. Individuals of different sexes and ages are segregated to...

          )
        • Galeus atlanticus (Atlantic sawtail cat shark
          Atlantic sawtail cat shark
          The Atlantic sawtail catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in a small area of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean centered around the Strait of Gibraltar and the Alborán Sea. It is found on or close to the bottom over the continental slope, mostly at depths of...

          )
        • Galeus boardmani (Australian sawtail catshark
          Australian sawtail catshark
          The Australian sawtail catshark is a common species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to southern Australian waters. It is found on or near the bottom over the outer continental shelf and upper continental slope, at depths of...

          )
        • Galeus cadenati (Longfin sawtail cat shark
          Longfin sawtail cat shark
          The longfin sawtail catshark is a rare, little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. Once thought to be a subspecies of the roughtail catshark along with the Antilles catshark , it inhabits deep water off the Caribbean coasts of Panama and Colombia...

          )
        • Galeus eastmani (Gecko catshark
          Gecko catshark
          The gecko catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, native to the northwestern Pacific Ocean from southern Japan to Taiwan, and possibly also off Vietnam. It is a common, demersal species found at depths of . Its body is slender, with a pattern of dark saddles and blotches...

          )
        • Galeus gracilis (Slender sawtail catshark
          Slender sawtail catshark
          The slender sawtail catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to northern Australia. It is found over the continental slope in on water...

          )
        • Galeus longirostris (Longnose sawtail cat shark
          Longnose sawtail cat shark
          The longnose sawtail catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found off the northwestern Pacific islands of Amami Oshima, Ogasawara, and Izu at depths of...

          )
        • Galeus melastomus (Blackmouth catshark
          Blackmouth catshark
          The blackmouth catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, common in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean from Iceland to Senegal, including the Mediterranean Sea. It is typically found over the continental slope at depths of , on or near muddy bottoms. The youngest sharks generally...

          )
        • Galeus mincaronei (Southern sawtail catshark
          Southern sawtail catshark
          The southern sawtail catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to southern Brazil. It inhabits deepwater reefs on the upper continental slope at a depth of . Reaching at least in length, this slim-bodied species closely resembles the Antilles catshark...

          )
        • Galeus murinus (Mouse catshark
          Mouse catshark
          The mouse catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, common in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, from Iceland to Western Sahara. There is much taxonomic confusion regarding this species in Icelandic waters, where it may be confounded with another species of Galeus or Apristurus...

          )
        • Galeus nipponensis (Broadfin sawtail catshark
          Broadfin sawtail catshark
          The broadfin sawtail catshark is a common species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. It is found on or near the bottom at depths of , from southeastern Japan to the East China Sea...

          )
        • Galeus piperatus (Peppered catshark
          Peppered catshark
          The peppered catshark is a common but little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, occurring at depths of in the northern Gulf of California. It is found on or near the bottom and conducts seasonal migrations, spending winter in deeper water. Reaching a length of , this species has a...

          )
        • Galeus polli (African sawtail catshark
          African sawtail catshark
          The African sawtail catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. Demersal in nature, it is found at depths of off the western African coast from Morocco to South Africa...

          )
        • Galeus sauteri (Blacktip sawtail catshark
          Blacktip sawtail catshark
          The blacktip sawtail catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found off Taiwan and the Philippines. It is demersal in nature and occurs deeper than...

          )
        • Galeus schultzi (Dwarf sawtail catshark
          Dwarf sawtail catshark
          The dwarf sawtail catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found exclusively in deep water off Luzon in the Philippines. Unlike other members of its genus, this slender, diminutive shark has a short, rounded snout and very short furrows at the corners of its jaws...

          )
        • Galeus springeri (Springer's sawtail cat shark
          Springer's sawtail cat shark
          The Springer's sawtail catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in water deep off the islands of the Antilles, from Cuba to the Leewards...

          )
        • Figaro striatus (Northern sawtail catshark
          Northern sawtail catshark
          The northern sawtail catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to northeastern Australia. It is demersal in nature and inhabits the upper continental slope at a depth of...

          )
      • Genus Halaelurus
        Halaelurus
        Halaelurus is a genus of catshark in the family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Halaelurus boesemani S. Springer & D'Aubrey, 1972 * Halaelurus buergeri...

        • Halaelurus alcockii (Arabian catshark
          Arabian catshark
          The Arabian catshark, Bythaelurus alcockii, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae. It grows up to long, and lives in open seas. It is only known from a single specimen, which is now lost....

          )
        • Halaelurus boesemani (Speckled catshark
          Speckled catshark
          The speckled catshark, Halaelurus boesemani, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found in the Gulf of Aden and off Somalia, also known around Viet Nam, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Western Australia, between latitudes 21° N and 26° S, at depths of between 40 and 250 m. Its length is up...

          )
        • Halaelurus buergeri (Blackspotted catshark
          Blackspotted catshark
          The blackspotted catshark, Halaelurus buergeri, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found from Japan, Korea, China, and Taiwan between latitudes 39° N and 20° N, at depths of between 80 and 100 m. Its length is up to 49 cm....

          )
        • Halaelurus canescens (Dusky catshark
          Dusky catshark
          The dusky catshark, Bythaelurus canescens, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found from Peru and Chile to the Straits of Magellan....

          )
        • Halaelurus clevai (Broadhead cat shark
          Broadhead cat shark
          The broadhead catshark, Bythaelurus clevai, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae. The only specimen, the holotype, was found off Madagascar at a depth between 425 and 500 m.-References:* Robinson, L. 2004. . Downloaded on 3 August 2007....

          )
        • Halaelurus dawsoni (New Zealand catshark
          New Zealand catshark
          The New Zealand catshark, Bythaelurus dawsoni, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae in the order Carcharhiniformes, found in deep water around New Zealand. Its length is up to ....

          )
        • Halaelurus hispidus (Bristly catshark
          Bristly catshark
          The bristly catshark, Bythaelurus hispidus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found from southeastern India and the Andaman Islands between latitudes 15° N and 5° N, at depths of between 200 and 300 m. Its length is up to 29 cm....

          )
        • Halaelurus immaculatus (Spotless catshark
          Spotless catshark
          The spotless catshark, Bythaelurus immaculatus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae occurring the South China Sea at depths of between 535 and 1,020 m on the continental slope. Its length is up to ....

          )
        • Halaelurus lineatus (Lined catshark
          Lined catshark
          The lined catshark or banded catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found from Beira, Mozambique to East London, South Africa between latitudes 19° S and 31° S, from the surface to 290 m. Its length is up to 56 cm....

          )
        • Halaelurus lutarius (Mud catshark)
        • Halaelurus natalensis (Tiger catshark
          Tiger catshark
          The tiger catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. It is found over sandy areas and near reef peripheries off South Africa and perhaps Mozambique, from close to shore to usually no deeper than . Reaching a length of , this small, slim shark has a broad, flattened head with an...

          )
        • Halaelurus quagga (Quagga catshark
          Quagga catshark
          The quagga catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in the western Indian Ocean from Somalia and India between latitudes 15° N and 0°, at depths of between 55 and 185 m. Its length is up to 35 cm....

          )
      • Genus Haploblepharus
        Haploblepharus
        Haploblepharus is a genus of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, containing four species of shysharks. Their common name comes from a distinctive defensive behavior in which the shark curls into a circle and covers its eyes with its tail. The genus is endemic to southern Africa, inhabiting shallow...

        • Haploblepharus edwardsii (Puffadder shyshark
          Puffadder shyshark
          The puffadder shyshark or happy Eddie is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to the temperate waters off South Africa. This common shark is found on or near the bottom in sandy or rocky habitats, from the intertidal zone to a depth of . Typically reaching in length, the...

          )
        • Haploblepharus fuscus (Brown shyshark
          Brown shyshark
          The brown shyshark or plain happy, is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to the shallow, coastal waters of South Africa from west of Cape Agulhas to KwaZulu-Natal. This benthic species is usually found over sandy or rocky bottoms...

          )
        • Haploblepharus kistnasamyi (Natal shyshark
          Natal shyshark
          The Natal shyshark, eastern shyshark, or happy chappie, is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, once regarded as the "Natal" form of the puffadder shyshark . This shark is endemic to a small area off South Africa from the Western Cape to KwaZulu-Natal...

          )
        • Haploblepharus pictus (Dark shyshark
          Dark shyshark
          The dark shyshark or pretty Happy is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to the temperate waters off southern Namibia and western South Africa. It is benthic in nature and inhabits shallow, inshore waters and favors rocky reefs and kelp forests...

          )
      • Genus Holohalaelurus
        Holohalaelurus
        Holohalaelurus is a genus of catshark in the family Scyliorhinidae, commonly known as Izak catsharks or hallelujah sharks.-Species:* Holohalaelurus favus Human, 2006...

        • Holohalaelurus favus
          Holohalaelurus favus
          The honeycomb Izak or Natal Izak is a type of shark in the Western Indian Ocean areas near South Africa....

          (Honeycomb Izak)
        • Holohalaelurus grennian
          Holohalaelurus grennian
          The grinning Izak or east African spotted Izak is a type of shark in the Western Indian Ocean waters near Kenya....

          (Grinning Izak)
        • Holohalaelurus melanostigma (Tropical izak
          Tropical izak
          The crying Izak, Holohalaelurus melanostigma, is a very rare catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found in the western Indian Ocean off Mozambique and Tanzania, at depths of between 600 and 660 m. Its length is up to 38 cm.-References:...

          )
        • Holohalaelurus punctatus (African spotted catshark
          African spotted catshark
          The white-spotted Izak or African spotted catshark, Holohalaelurus punctatus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found in the western Indian Ocean off Natal, South Africa, southern Mozambique, Madagascar, Kenya and Tanzania between latitudes 4° S and 37° S, at depths of between 220 and...

          )
        • Holohalaelurus regani (Izak catshark
          Izak catshark
          The Izak catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, common off South Africa and southern Namibia. It typically inhabits the outer continental shelf at depths of , with the males found deeper than females and juveniles. The Izak catshark has a short, wide, flattened head and a robust...

          )
      • Genus Parmaturus
        Parmaturus
        Parmaturus is a genus of catshark in the family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Parmaturus albimarginatus Séret & Last, 2007 * Parmaturus albipenis Séret & Last, 2007...

        • Parmaturus albimarginatus
          Parmaturus albimarginatus
          The white-tip catshark is a type of deepwater shark in the Western Pacific waters near New Caledonia....

          (White-tip catshark)
        • Parmaturus albipenis
          Parmaturus albipenis
          The white-clasper catshark is a deepwater shark in the Western Pacific waters near New Caledonia....

          (White-clasper catshark)
        • Parmaturus bigus (Beige catshark)
        • Parmaturus campechiensis (Campeche shark)
        • Parmaturus lanatus
          Parmaturus lanatus
          The velvet catshark is a type of deep-water bathydemersal shark in the Western Pacific waters near Indonesia and has been seen at depths of 840-855m. Little else is known about the velvet catshark....

          (Velvet catshark)
        • Parmaturus macmillani (McMillan's cat shark
          McMillan's cat shark
          McMillan's cat shark, Parmaturus macmillani, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae in the order Carcharhiniformes, found in deep water on the lower continental slope around New Zealand. Its length is up to 45 cm....

          )
        • Parmaturus melanobranchus (Blackgill catshark
          Blackgill catshark
          The blackgill catshark, Parmaturus melanobranchus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found only in the South China Sea, at depths of between 540 and 810 m. The maximum length of the only 3 specimens taken is 85 cm....

          )
        • Parmaturus pilosus (Salamander shark
          Salamander shark
          The salamander shark, Parmaturus pilosus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found only on the continental slope around Japan, at depths down to 790 m. Its length is up to 64 cm.There are high levels of squalene in its liver....

          )
        • Parmaturus xaniurus (Filetail catshark
          Filetail catshark
          The filetail catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found from the eastern Pacific from Oregon to the Gulf of California.-References:...

          )
        • Parmaturus bigus (Shorttail catshark
          Shorttail catshark
          The beige catshark, Parmaturus bigus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, The first recorded specimen was a female recorded off the coast of Queensland, Australia around Lord Howe Island...

          )
      • Genus Pentanchus
        • Pentanchus profundicolus (Onefin catshark
          Onefin catshark
          The onefin catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, and the only member of its genus....

          )
      • Genus Poroderma
        Poroderma
        Poroderma is a genus of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. The colour of these sharks are usually grey with dark stripes. They are found in South Africa and are nocturnal. They live preferably in shore areas, close to the bottom, to depths of 100 m. They prefer small caves and crevices. Their diet...

        • Poroderma africanum (Striped catshark
          Striped catshark
          The pyjama shark or striped catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to the coastal waters of South Africa. This abundant, bottom-dwelling species can be found from the intertidal zone to a depth of around , particularly over rocky reefs and kelp beds...

          )
        • Poroderma pantherinum (Leopard catshark
          Leopard catshark
          The leopard catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, endemic to the coastal waters of South Africa. Abundant in inshore waters under deep, this bottom-dweller favors rocky reefs, kelp beds, and sandy flats. Growing to a length of , the leopard catshark has a stout body with two...

          )
      • Genus Schroederichthys
        Schroederichthys
        Schroederichthys is a genus of catshark in the family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Schroederichthys bivius * Schroederichthys chilensis...

        • Schroederichthys bivius (Narrowmouthed catshark
          Narrowmouthed catshark
          The narrowmouthed catshark, Schroederichthys bivius, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found from central Chile around the Straits of Magellan to Argentina between latitudes 23° S and 56° S, at depths of between 15 and 80 metres. Its length is up to 70 centimetres.Reproduction is...

          )
        • Schroederichthys chilensis (Redspotted catshark
          Redspotted catshark
          The redspotted catshark, Schroederichthys chilensis, also known as the Chilean catshark, is a species of catshark commonly found in the coastal waters of the southeastern Pacific, from central Peru to southern Chile. They are typically found in the rocky sublittoral areas at the edge of the...

          )
        • Schroederichthys maculatus (Narrowtail catshark
          Narrowtail catshark
          The narrowtail catshark, Schroederichthys maculatus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found off Honduras and Nicaragua between latitudes 18° N and 10° N, at depths of between 190 and 410 metres. Its length is up to 33 centimetres....

          )
        • Schroederichthys saurisqualus (Lizard catshark
          Lizard catshark
          The lizard catshark, Schroederichthys saurisqualus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found off southern Brazil, at depths of between 122 and 435 m. Its length is up to 58 cm....

          )
        • Schroederichthys tenuis (Slender catshark
          Slender catshark
          The slender catshark, Schroederichthys tenuis, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the upper continental slope off Suriname and the mouth of the Amazon River at depths from 70 to 410 m. Its length is up to 70 cm....

          )
      • Genus Scyliorhinus
        Scyliorhinus
        Scylorhinus is a genus of catsharks in the family Scyliorhinidae.-Species:* Scyliorhinus besnardi S. Springer & Sadowsky, 1970 * Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean, 1896...

        • Scyliorhinus besnardi (Polkadot catshark
          Polkadot catshark
          The polkadot catshark, Scyliorhinus besnardi, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the outer continental shelf off northern Uruguay between latitudes 31° S and 39° S, at depths of between 140 and 190 m. Its length is up to 47 cm....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus boa (Boa catshark
          Boa catshark
          The boa catshark, Scyliorhinus boa, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the continental shelves and insular slopes of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico between latitudes 20° N and 9° N, at depths of between 330 and 675 m. Its length is up to 54 cm.Reproduction is...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark
          Small-spotted catshark
          The small-spotted catshark or lesser spotted dogfish, Scyliorhinus canicula, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the continental shelves and uppermost slopes off Norway and the British Isles south to Senegal, including the Mediterranean between latitudes 63° N and 12° N. Its...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus capensis (Yellowspotted catshark
          Yellowspotted catshark
          The yellowspotted catshark, Scyliorhinus capensis, is a rare cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the southeast Atlantic from Lüderitz, Namibia to central Natal, South Africa between latitudes 0° and 37° S. Its length is up to 1.22 m....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus cervigoni (West African catshark
          West African catshark
          The West African catshark, Scyliorhinus cervigoni, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found from the eastern Atlantic between latitudes 20° N and 17° S, at depths between 45 and 500 m. Its length is up to 67 cm...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus comoroensis (Comoro cat shark
          Comoro cat shark
          The Comoro cat shark, Scyliorhinus comoroensis, is a rare cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, the holotype and only specimen taken from the Comoro Islands in the Indian Ocean at 400 m. The Comoro cat shark is not well documented. Reproduction is oviparous ....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus garmani (Brownspotted catshark
          Brownspotted catshark
          The brownspotted catshark, Scyliorhinus garmani, is a rare cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in the Indo-West Pacific between latitudes 11° N and 12° S. Its length is about 38 cm but its adult size is mostly unknown....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Freckled catshark
          Freckled catshark
          The freckled catshark, Scyliorhinus haeckelii, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found on the continental shelf and upper slope from the western Atlantic from western Venezuela, Suriname, Brazil, and Uruguay between latitudes 11° N and 32° S....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus hesperius (Whitesaddled catshark
          Whitesaddled catshark
          The whitesaddled catshark, Scyliorhinus hesperius, is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found on the upper continental slope of the western central Atlantic from Honduras, Panama, and Colombia between latitudes 22° N and 9° N, at depths of between 275 and 460 m. Its length is up to...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus meadi
          Scyliorhinus meadi
          The blotched catshark is a little-known species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in the western central Atlantic Ocean. It inhabits banks of deep-sea coral at a depth of , feeding on cephalopods, shrimp, and bony fishes. This species can be identified by its wide body and head, and the...

          (Blotched catshark
          Blotched catshark
          The blotched catshark, Asymbolus funebris, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae, the only specimen, the holotype, being found off West Australia at 144 m. Its length is 44 cm.Reproduction is oviparous....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain catshark
          Chain catshark
          The chain catshark or chain dogfish is a small, spotted shark that has a characteristic fluorescent activity. The species is common from George’s Bank in Massachusetts, to Nicaragua. The species is considered harmless and rarely encountered by humans...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus stellaris (Nursehound
          Nursehound
          The nursehound , also known as the large-spotted dogfish, greater spotted dogfish, or bull huss, is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. It is generally found amongst rocks or algae at a depth of...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus tokubee (Izu cat shark
          Izu cat shark
          The Izu catshark is a species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found only around Japan, at depths down to 100 m. Its length is up to 41 cm....

          )
        • Scyliorhinus torazame (Cloudy catshark
          Cloudy catshark
          The cloudy catshark is a common species of catshark, family Scyliorhinidae. It is a bottom-dweller that inhabits rocky reefs in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, from the shore to a depth of...

          )
        • Scyliorhinus torrei (Dwarf catshark
          Dwarf catshark
          The dwarf catshark, Scyliorhinus torrei, is a catshark, family Scyliorhinidae, found off southern Florida, the Bahamas, and Cuba....

          )
    • Family Sphyrnidae (Bonnethead sharks, hammerhead sharks, and scoophead sharks)
      • Genus Eusphyra
        • Eusphyra blochii (Winghead shark
          Winghead shark
          The winghead shark is a species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, named for the remarkably wide lobes on its head. It is the sole species in the genus Eusphyra...

          )
      • Genus Sphyrna
        Sphyrna
        Sphyrna is a genus of hammerhead sharks in the family Sphyrnidae. It currently consists of the following species:*Sphyrna corona S. Springer, 1940 *Sphyrna couardi Cadenat, 1951...

        • Sphyrna corona (Scalloped bonnethead
          Scalloped bonnethead
          The scalloped bonnethead, Sphyrna corona, is a rare, little-known species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae. Its other common names include the mallethead shark and the crown shark. It is found in tropical and subtropical waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean, from Mexico to Peru, and possibly...

          )
        • Sphyrna couardi (Whitefin hammerhead
          Whitefin hammerhead
          The whitefin hammerhead is a species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, found in the tropical waters of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, from Senegal to the Congo region...

          )
        • Sphyrna lewini (Scalloped hammerhead
          Scalloped hammerhead
          The scalloped hammerhead is a species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae. Originally Zygaena lewini, it was later moved to its current name. The Greek word sphyrna translates into "hammer" in English, referring to the shape of this shark's head.This shark is also known as the bronze,...

          )
        • Sphyrna media (Scoophead
          Scoophead
          The scoophead is a little-known species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, occurring in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from Panama to southern Brazil, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of California to Ecuador and probably northern Peru...

          )
        • Sphyrna mokarran (Great hammerhead
          Great hammerhead
          The great hammerhead is the largest species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, attaining a maximum length of 6.1 m . It is found in tropical and warm temperate waters worldwide, inhabiting coastal areas and the continental shelf...

          )
        • Sphyrna tiburo (Bonnethead shark)
        • Sphyrna tudes (Smalleye hammerhead
          Smalleye hammerhead
          The smalleye hammerhead or golden hammerhead is a small species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, common in the shallow coastal waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from Venezuela to Uruguay. It favors muddy habitats with poor visibility, reflected by its relatively small eyes...

          )
        • Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead
          Smooth hammerhead
          The smooth hammerhead is a species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, so named because of the distinctive shape of the head, which is flattened and laterally extended into a hammer shape , without an indentation in the middle of the front margin...

          )
    • Family Triakidae (Houndsharks, smooth-hounds, topes, and whiskery sharks)
      • Genus Furgaleus
        • Furgaleus macki (Whiskery shark
          Whiskery shark
          The whiskery shark is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, and the only member of its genus. This common shark inhabits the Australian continental shelf from Western Australia to the Bass Strait, to a depth of . It is demersal in habits and prefers rocky and vegetated habitats...

          )
      • Genus Galeorhinus
        • Galeorhinus galeus (Tope shark)
      • Genus Gogolia
        • Gogolia filewoodi (Sailback houndshark
          Sailback houndshark
          The sailback houndshark, Gogolia filewoodi, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae, the only member of the genus Gogolia, found in deep water on the continental shelf off northern Papua New Guinea. Only one specimen is known, 74  cm long and found at a depth of 73 m.Reproduction is...

          )
      • Genus Hemitriakis
        Hemitriakis
        Hemitriakis is a genus of houndshark in the family Triakidae.-Species:* Hemitriakis abdita Compagno & Stevens, 1993 * Hemitriakis complicofasciata Takahashi & Nakaya, 2004...

        • Hemitriakis abdita (Deepwater sicklefin hound shark
          Deepwater sicklefin hound shark
          The deepwater sicklefin hound shark, Hemitriakis abdita, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae found in the western central Pacific from the Coral Sea off Queensland, Australia and from New Caledonia....

          )
        • Hemitriakis falcata (Sicklefin hound shark
          Sicklefin hound shark
          The sicklefin hound shark, Hemitriakis falcata, is a rare hound shark of the family Triakidae endemic to Western Australia. The holotype was collected from a depth of 150 m. Its reproduction is Ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Hemitriakis japanica (Japanese topeshark
          Japanese topeshark
          The Japanese topeshark is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, reaching lengths of up to 1.1 m. It is found in the subtropical northwest Pacific from China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan between latitudes 40° N and 21° N....

          )
        • Hemitriakis leucoperiptera (Whitefin topeshark
          Whitefin topeshark
          The whitefin topeshark, Hemitriakis leucoperiptera, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae found only in the tropical waters of the Philippines between latitudes 20° N and 5° N. Its length is up to 96 cm....

          )
        • Hemitriakis complicofasciata (Ocelate topeshark
          Ocelate topeshark
          The ocellate topeshark , is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, found in the western Pacific from the Ryukyu Islands to the Philippines and Taiwan.-References:...

          )
      • Genus Hypogaleus
        • Hypogaleus hyugaensis (Blacktip tope
          Blacktip tope
          The blacktip tope, Hypogaleus hyugaensis, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae, the only member of the genus Hypogaleus, found in deep water on the continental shelf in the Indo-West Pacific from East Africa to Japan, at depths of between 40 and 230 m. Its length is up to 1.27 m long....

          )
      • Genus Iago
        Iago
        Iago is a fictional character in Shakespeare's Othello . The character's source is traced to Giovanni Battista Giraldi Cinthio's tale "Un Capitano Moro" in Gli Hecatommithi . There, the character is simply "the ensign". Iago is a soldier and Othello's ancient . He is the husband of Emilia,...

        • Iago garricki (Longnose houndshark
          Longnose houndshark
          The longnose houndshark, Iago garricki, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae found in the western Pacific off northern Australia and Vanuatu between latitudes 9° S and 26° S, at depths of between 250 and 475 m. Its length is up to 75 cm....

          )
        • Iago omanensis (Bigeye houndshark
          Bigeye houndshark
          The bigeye houndshark is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, found on deep continental shelves in the western Indian Ocean from the Red Sea to southwestern India, between latitudes 30° N and 10° N, at depths of between 110 and 2,200 m. Its length is up to 37 cm....

          )
        • Iago Sp.A (Lowfin houndshark
          Lowfin houndshark
          The lowfin houndshark, Iago sp.A, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae found in the Indian Ocean from the Gulf of Aden and from the south east coast of India. Its habitat is the outer continental shelf and upper slope below 183 m, but it is also semipelagic...

          )
      • Genus Mustelus
        • Mustelus albipinnis (White-margin fin hound shark)
        • Mustelus antarcticus (Gummy shark
          Gummy shark
          The gummy shark, Mustelus antarcticus, is a shark in the family Triakidae. It is a slender grey shark with white spots along the body and flat plate-like teeth for crushing its prey. It has a maximum length of between 157 cm and 175 cm . It feeds on crustaceans, marine worms, small fish...

          )
        • Mustelus asterias (Starry smooth-hound
          Starry smooth-hound
          The starry smooth-hound, Mustelus asterias, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the northeast Atlantic between latitudes 61° N and 16° N, from the surface to 350 m. Its length is up to 1.4 m.-References:...

          )
        • Mustelus californicus (Gray smoothhound)
        • Mustelus canis (Dusky smooth-hound)
        • Mustelus dorsalis (Sharptooth smooth-hound
          Sharptooth smooth-hound
          The sharptooth smooth-hound, Mustelus dorsalis, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the tropical eastern Pacific from southern Mexico to Peru between latitudes 20° N and 5° S...

          )
        • Mustelus fasciatus (Striped smooth-hound
          Striped smooth-hound
          The striped smooth-hound, Mustelus fasciatus, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the subtropical southwest Atlantic from southern Brazil to northern Argentina between latitudes 30° S and 47° S, from the surface to 250 m...

          )
        • Mustelus griseus (Spotless smooth-hound
          Spotless smooth-hound
          The spotless smooth-hound is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the northwest Pacific between latitudes 40° N and 11° N, from the surface to 300 m. Its length is up to 1 m....

          )
        • Mustelus henlei (Brown smoothhound)
        • Mustelus higmani (Smalleye smooth-hound
          Smalleye smooth-hound
          The smalleye smooth-hound, Mustelus higmani, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the western Atlantic between latitudes 11° N and 36° S, from the surface to 900 m. Its length is up to 70 cm....

          )
        • Mustelus lenticulatus (Spotted estuary smooth-hound
          Spotted estuary smooth-hound
          The spotted estuary smooth-hound, Mustelus lenticulatus, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves and in estuaries around southern Australia and New Zealand...

          )
        • Mustelus lunulatus (Sicklefin smoothhound)
        • Mustelus manazo (Starspotted smooth-hound
          Starspotted smooth-hound
          The starspotted smooth-hound, Mustelus manazo, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found in the western Indian Ocean between latitudes 45° N and 10° S, from the surface to 360 m.Reproduction is Ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Mustelus mento (Speckled smooth-hound
          Speckled smooth-hound
          The speckled smooth-hound, Mustelus mento, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the subtropical eastern Pacific between latitudes 0° and 54° S, at depths of from 16 to 50 m. Its length is up to 1.3 m. In Chile is called "Tollo"....

          )
        • Mustelus minicanis
          Mustelus minicanis
          Mustelus minicanis is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the tropical western central Atlantic from the coast of South America between Cape La Vela, Colombia and Rio Caribe, Venezuela, at depths of between 70 and 180 m. Its length is up to...

          (Venezuelan dwarf smoothhound)
        • Mustelus mosis (Arabian smooth-hound
          Arabian smooth-hound
          The Arabian smooth-hound, Mustelus mosis, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the tropical western Indian Ocean from the Red Sea and East Africa to the Maldives, India and Sri Lanka between latitudes 30° N and 7° N, at depths of between 20 and 250 m. Its...

          )
        • Mustelus mustelus (Smooth-hound
          Smooth-hound
          The smooth-hounds are a genus, Mustelus, of sharks in the family Triakidae. The name of the genus comes from the Latin mustela meaning weasel.A smooth-hound can grow up to 5 ft. 3 in...

          )
        • Mustelus norrisi (Florida smoothhound)
        • Mustelus palumbes (Whitespotted smooth-hound
          Whitespotted smooth-hound
          The whitespotted smooth-hound, Mustelus palumbes, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the southeast Atlantic from Namibia around South Africa between latitudes 17° S and 36° S, from the surface to 440 m. Its length is up to 1.2 m.Reproduction is...

          )
        • Mustelus punctulatus (Blackspotted smooth-hound
          Blackspotted smooth-hound
          The blackspotted smooth-hound, Mustelus punctulatus, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the subtropical eastern Atlantic from the Mediterranean to the Western Sahara between latitudes 45° N and 20° N, from the surface to 250 m. Its length is up to 1.5 m....

          )
        • Mustelus ravidus
          Mustelus ravidus
          The Australian grey smooth-hound or grey gummy shark is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, native to the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean waters surrounding Australia. The shark is widespread in deep coastal waters ....

          (Australian grey smooth-hound)
        • Mustelus schmitti (Narrownose smooth-hound
          Narrownose smooth-hound
          The narrownose smooth-hound, Mustelus schmitti, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the subtropical southwest Atlantic from southern Brazil to northern Argentina between latitudes 30° S and 44° S, at depths of from 60 to 195 m...

          )
        • Mustelus sinusmexicanus (Gulf smoothhound
          Gulf smoothhound
          The gulf smooth-hound, Mustelus sinusmexicanus, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the tropical western central Atlantic, at depths of between 20 and 250 m. Its length is up to 83 cm....

          )
        • Mustelus whitneyi (Humpback smooth-hound
          Humpback smooth-hound
          The humpback smooth-hound, Mustelus whitneyi, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the tropical southeast Pacific from Peru to southern Chile between latitudes 3° S and 54° S, at depths of between 15 and 210 m. Its length is up to 87 cm....

          )
        • Mustelus widodoi
          Mustelus widodoi
          The white-fin smooth-hound is a species of tropical houndshark, family Triakidae, found in the Bali and Indonesia areas of the Western Pacific....

          (White-fin smooth-hound)
      • Genus Scylliogaleus
        • Scylliogaleus quecketti (Flapnose houndshark
          Flapnose houndshark
          The flapnose houndshark, Scylliogaleus quecketti, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae, the only member of the genus Scylliogaleus, found from subtropical South Africa, in the western Indian Ocean between latitudes 27° S and 33° S....

          )
      • Genus Triakis
        Triakis
        Triakis is a genus of houndshark in the family Triakidae.The name comes from the Latin word tri meaning "three", and acis meaning "sharp" or "pointed", in reference to the three-pointed teeth of these sharks.-Species:* Subgenus Cazon...

         (Leopard sharks)
        • Triakis acutipinna (Sharpfin houndshark
          Sharpfin houndshark
          The sharpfin houndshark, Triakis acutipinna, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae. Only two specimens have been found, both in the coastal waters of Ecuador, the longest being 1.02 metres.Reproduction is ovoviviparous....

          )
        • Triakis maculata (Spotted houndshark
          Spotted houndshark
          The spotted houndshark, Triakis maculata, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae found on the continental shelves in the eastern Pacific from the Galapagos Islands and Peru to northern Chile, between latitudes 0° and 30° S. Its length is up to 1.8 m....

          )
        • Triakis megalopterus (Sharptooth houndshark
          Sharptooth houndshark
          The sharptooth houndshark, Triakis megalopterus, is a hound shark of the family Triakidae found off sandy beaches, rocky shores and in shallow bays of Namibia to Coffee Bay, South Africa, between latitudes 30° S and 36° S. Its length is up to 1.74 m....

          )
        • Triakis scyllium (Banded houndshark
          Banded houndshark
          The banded houndshark is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, common in the northwestern Pacific Ocean from the southern Russian Far East to Taiwan. Found on or near the bottom, it favors shallow coastal habitats with sandy or vegetated bottoms, and also enters brackish water. This shark...

          )
        • Triakis semifasciata (Leopard shark
          Leopard shark
          The leopard shark is a species of houndshark, family Triakidae, found along the Pacific coast of North America from the U.S. state of Oregon to Mazatlán in Mexico...

          )
  • ORDER LAMNIFORMES
    Lamniformes
    Lamniformes is an order of sharks commonly known as mackerel sharks . It includes some of the most familiar species of sharks, such as the great white shark, as well as more unusual representatives, such as the goblin shark and the megamouth shark.Members of the order are distinguished by...

    (Mackerel sharks)
    • Family Alopiidae (Thresher sharks)
      • Genus Alopias
        • Alopias pelagicus (Pelagic thresher shark)
        • Alopias superciliosus (Bigeye thresher
          Bigeye thresher
          The bigeye thresher is a species of thresher shark, family Alopiidae, found in temperate and tropical oceans worldwide. Like other thresher sharks, nearly half its total length consists of the elongated upper lobe of the tail fin. Its common name comes from its enormous eyes, which are placed in...

          )
        • Alopias vulpinus (Thresher shark
          Thresher shark
          Thresher sharks are large lamniform sharks of the family Alopiidae. Found in all temperate and tropical oceans of the world, the family contains three species all within the genus Alopias.-Taxonomy:...

          )
    • Family Cetorhinidae (Basking sharks)
      • Genus Cetorhinus
        • Cetorhinus maximus (Basking shark
          Basking shark
          The basking shark is the second largest living fish, after the whale shark. It is a cosmopolitan migratory species, found in all the world's temperate oceans. It is a slow moving and generally harmless filter feeder and has anatomical adaptations to filter feeding, such as a greatly enlarged...

          )
    • Family Lamnidae
      Lamnidae
      Lamnidae is a family of sharks, commonly known as mackerel sharks or white sharks. They are large, fast-swimming sharks, found in oceans worldwide....

      (Mackerel sharks, porbeagles, and white sharks)
      • Genus Carcharodon
        • Carcharodon carcharias (Great white shark
          Great white shark
          The great white shark, scientific name Carcharodon carcharias, also known as the great white, white pointer, white shark, or white death, is a large lamniform shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. It is known for its size, with the largest individuals known to have approached...

          )
      • Genus Isurus
        Isurus
        Isurus is a genus of mackerel sharks in the family Lamnidae, commonly known as the mako sharks. There are two living species, the common shortfin mako shark and the rare longfin mako shark , and several extinct species known from fossils. They range in length from 9 to 15 feet, and have an...

         (Shortfin mako)
        • Isurus oxyrinchus (Shortfin mako)
        • Isurus paucus (Longfin mako
          Longfin mako
          The longfin mako shark is a species of mackerel shark in the family Lamnidae, with a probable worldwide distribution in temperate and tropical waters. An uncommon species, it is commonly lumped together under the name "mako" with its better-known relative, the shortfin mako shark...

          )
      • Genus Lamna
        Lamna
        Lamna is a genus of mackerel sharks in the family Lamnidae, containing two extant species: the porbeagle of the North Atlantic and Southern Hemisphere, and the salmon shark Lamna is a genus of mackerel sharks in the family Lamnidae, containing two extant species: the porbeagle (L. nasus) of the...

        • Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark
          Salmon shark
          The salmon shark, Lamna ditropis, is a species of shark occurring in the north Pacific ocean. As an apex predator, the salmon shark feeds on salmon, and also on squid, sablefish, and herring...

          )
        • Lamna nasus (Porbeagle
          Porbeagle
          The porbeagle is a species of mackerel shark in the family Lamnidae, distributed widely in the cold and temperate marine waters of the North Atlantic and Southern Hemisphere. In the North Pacific, its ecological equivalent is the closely related salmon shark...

          )
    • Family Megachasmidae (Megamouth sharks)
      • Genus Megachasma
        • Megachasma pelagios (Megamouth shark
          Megamouth shark
          The megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, is an extremely rare species of deepwater shark. Since its discovery in 1976, only a few megamouth sharks have been seen, with 53 specimens known to have been caught or sighted as of 2011, including three recordings on film...

          )
    • Family Mitsukurinidae
      Mitsukurinidae
      Mitsukurinidae, also called goblin sharks is a family of sharks with one living genus, Mitsukurina, and three extinct genera: Anomotodon, Pseudoscapanorhynchus and Scapanorhynchus, though some taxonomists consider Scapanorhynchus to be a synonym of Mitsukurina...

      (Goblin sharks)
      • Genus Mitsukurina
        • Mitsukurina owstoni (Goblin shark
          Goblin shark
          The goblin shark, Mitsukurina owstoni, is a deep-sea shark, the sole living species in the family Mitsukurinidae. The most distinctive characteristic of the goblin shark is the unusual shape of its head. It has a long, trowel-shaped, beak-like rostrum or snout, much longer than other sharks' snouts...

          )
    • Family Odontaspididae (Sand sharks and sand tiger sharks)
      • Genus Carcharias
        Carcharias
        Sand sharks, or sand tigers, are lamniform sharks of the family Odontaspidae . They are found on both sides of the Atlantic coast, but most notably in the western Indian Ocean and in the Gulf of Maine...

        • Carcharias taurus (Grey nurse shark
          Grey nurse shark
          The sand tiger shark or grey nurse shark is a species of shark that inhabits coastal waters worldwide. It lives very close to the shorelines and beaches of North America, hence the name, sand tiger shark. Despite a fearsome appearance and strong swimming abilities, it is a relatively placid and...

          )
        • Carcharias tricuspidatus (Indian sand tiger
          Indian sand tiger
          The Indian sand tiger, Carcharias tricuspidatus, is a sand tiger of the shark family Odontaspididae, found in the Indian and western Pacific oceans. Its length is up to 3.5 m. It has a compressed cylindrical body and a slightly angled snout. It has a long mouth and small eyes. Both of the dorsal...

          )
      • Genus Odontaspis
        Odontaspis
        Odontaspis is one of two genera in the sand shark family, Odontaspididae. They are large-bodied sharks with long, conical snouts, broad-based dorsal and anal fins, and an asymmetrical caudal fin with a strong lower lobe. Their teeth are large, with prominent narrow cusps...

        • Odontaspis ferox (Smalltooth sand tiger
          Smalltooth sand tiger
          The smalltooth sand tiger or bumpytail ragged-tooth is a species of mackerel shark in the family Odontaspididae, with a patchy but worldwide distribution in tropical and warm temperate waters...

          )
        • Odontaspis noronhai (Bigeye sand tiger
          Bigeye sand tiger
          The bigeye sand tiger is a species of mackerel shark in the family Odontaspididae, possibly found worldwide at depths of 60–1,000 m . It is extremely rare and poorly-known: despite intense fishing activity in many parts of its presumed range, only around 15 specimens have ever been captured...

          )
    • Family Pseudocarchariidae (Crocodile sharks)
      • Genus Pseudocarcharias
        • Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Crocodile shark
          Crocodile shark
          The crocodile shark is a species of mackerel shark and the only member of the family Pseudocarchariidae. A specialized inhabitant of the mesopelagic zone, the crocodile shark can be found worldwide in tropical waters from the surface to a depth of...

          )

See also


  • Shark
    Shark
    Sharks are a type of fish with a full cartilaginous skeleton and a highly streamlined body. The earliest known sharks date from more than 420 million years ago....

  • Hexanchiformes
    Hexanchiformes
    Hexanchiformes is the order consisting of the most primitive types of sharks, and numbering just five extant species. Fossil sharks that were apparently very similar to modern sevengill species are known from Jurassic specimens....

  • Squaliformes
    Squaliformes
    Squaliformes is an order of sharks that includes about 97 species in seven families.Members of the order have two dorsal fins, which usually possess spines, no anal fin or nictitating membrane, and five gill slits. In most other respects, however, they are quite variable in form and size...

  • Pristiophoriformes
  • Squatiniformes
  • Heterodontiformes
  • Orectolobiformes
  • Carcharhiniformes
    Carcharhiniformes
    The ground sharks, order Carcharhiniformes, are the largest order of sharks. With over 270 species, carcharhiniforms include a number of common types, such as the blue shark, catsharks, swellsharks, and sandbar shark....

  • Lamniformes
    Lamniformes
    Lamniformes is an order of sharks commonly known as mackerel sharks . It includes some of the most familiar species of sharks, such as the great white shark, as well as more unusual representatives, such as the goblin shark and the megamouth shark.Members of the order are distinguished by...

  • List of prehistoric cartilaginous fish