List of Valles on Mars

List of Valles on Mars

Discussion
Ask a question about 'List of Valles on Mars'
Start a new discussion about 'List of Valles on Mars'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
Valles on Mars
Mars
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. The planet is named after the Roman god of war, Mars. It is often described as the "Red Planet", as the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance...

 are similar to valleys on Earth. Some features that take this title may be better described as canyon
Canyon
A canyon or gorge is a deep ravine between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Rivers have a natural tendency to reach a baseline elevation, which is the same elevation as the body of water it will eventually drain into. This forms a canyon. Most canyons were formed by a process of...

s or chasma
Chasma
Chasma is a term used in astrogeology to refer to "a deep, elongated, steep-sided depression". The plural is chasmata. An example is Eos Chasma on Mars. Below are images of some of the major chasmata of Mars...

ta; see List of Chasmata on Mars. Coordinates are given as planetocentric latitude with east longitude.
Name Coordinates Length (km) Namesake Notes
Abus Vallis  5.54°S 212.7°E 58.0 Classical name for Humber River
Humber
The Humber is a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England. It is formed at Trent Falls, Faxfleet, by the confluence of the tidal River Ouse and the tidal River Trent. From here to the North Sea, it forms part of the boundary between the East Riding of Yorkshire on the north bank...

 
Al-Qahira Vallis  18.21°S 162.5°E 555.0 Word for "Mars" in Arabic
Arabic language
Arabic is a name applied to the descendants of the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century AD, used most prominently in the Quran, the Islamic Holy Book...

Allegheny Vallis  9.1°S 306.0°E 200.0 Allegheny River
Allegheny River
The Allegheny River is a principal tributary of the Ohio River; it is located in the Eastern United States. The Allegheny River joins with the Monongahela River to form the Ohio River at the "Point" of Point State Park in Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...

 
Anio Valles  37.78°N 55.9°E 36.5 Classical name for Aniene River in Italy
Apsus Vallis
Apsus Vallis
Apsus Vallis is a channel in the Cebrenia quadrangle of Mars, located at 35.1° north latitude and 225° west longitude. It is 120 km long and was named after a classical river in ancient Macedonia, the present-day Seman River....

 
34.79°N 135.0°E 120.0 Classical name for Seman River
Seman
The Seman is a river in western Albania. It is formed at the confluence of the rivers Osum and Devoll, a few km northwest of Kuçovë. It flows west through Fier-Shegan and Mbrostar . It flows into the Adriatic Sea near Topojë....

 in Albania
Arda Valles  20.59°S 327.7°E 186.0 Arda River
Arda River (Maritsa)
The Arda is a river whose source lies in the Bulgarian Rhodope Mountains near the town of Smolyan, flowing 290 kilometres eastward past Kardzhali and Ivaylovgrad and through Greece in the northern portion of the Evros prefecture including Kastanies. It then enters the Maritsa just west of Edirne,...

 
Ares Vallis
Ares Vallis
Ares Vallis is an outflow channel on Mars, named after the Greek name for Mars: Ares, the god of war; it appears to have been carved by fluids, perhaps water...

 
10.29°N 334.2°E 1700.0 Word for "Mars" in Greek
Greek language
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history;...

: Άρης 
Landing site of the Mars Pathfinder
Mars Pathfinder
Mars Pathfinder was an American spacecraft that landed a base station with roving probe on Mars in 1997. It consisted of a lander, renamed the Carl Sagan Memorial Station, and a lightweight wheeled robotic rover named Sojourner.Launched on December 4, 1996 by NASA aboard a Delta II booster a...

Arnus Vallis
Arnus Vallis
Arnus Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Syrtis Major quadrangle of Mars, located at 14.1° north latitude and 289.5° west longitude. It is 280 km long and was named after the classical and present day Arno River in Tuscany, Italy .Arnus Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Syrtis...

 
13.95°N 72.5°E 280.0 Arno River 
Asopus Vallis
Asopus Vallis
Asopus Vallis is a valley in the Memnonia quadrangle on Mars, located at 4.4° south latitude and 149.7° west longitude. It is 33 km long and was named after a classical name for the modern Boeotian Asopus river in Greece....

 
4.35°S 210.3°E 33.0 Classical name for Boeotian Asopus river in Greece
Athabasca Valles
Athabasca Valles
Athabasca Valles is an outflow channel on Mars, cut into its surface by catastrophic flooding. It is one of the youngest known of these structures, probably forming only in the geologically recent past of Mars. The flood produced distinctive "teardrop" landforms similar to those found in the...

 
8.5°N 155.0°E 285.0 Athabasca River
Athabasca River
The Athabasca River originates from the Columbia Glacier of the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park in Alberta, Canada...

 
Carved by water from Cerberus Fossae
Cerberus Fossae
The Cerberus Fossae are a series of semi-parallel fissures on Mars formed by faults which pulled the crust apart in the Cerberus region . Ripples seen at the bottom of the fault are sand blown by the wind ....

Auqakuh Vallis  30.12°N 60.1°E 312.0 Word for "Mars" in Quechua 
Axius Valles  55.7°S 70.1°E 349.0 Classical name for Vardar River in Greece
Bahram Vallis
Bahram Vallis
Bahram Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Lunae Palus quadrangle of Mars at 20.7° north latitude and 57.5° east longitude. It is about 302 km long and was named after the word for 'Mars' in Persian. Bahram Vallis is located midway between Vedra Vallis and lower Kasei Valles. It is...

 
20.49°N 302.5°E 302.0 Word for "Mars" in Persian
Persian language
Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

 
Brazos Valles  6.23°S 18.9°E 458.0 Brazos River
Brazos River
The Brazos River, called the Rio de los Brazos de Dios by early Spanish explorers , is the longest river in Texas and the 11th longest river in the United States at from its source at the head of Blackwater Draw, Curry County, New Mexico to its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico with a drainage...

 
Buvinda Vallis
Buvinda Vallis
Buvinda Vallis is a valley in the Cebrenia quadrangle of Mars, located at 33.4 N and 208.1 W. It is 119.6 km long. It was named after a classical river in Hibernia and the present Boyne River, Ireland....

 
33.1°N 151.9°E 119.6 Classical name for River Boyne
River Boyne
The River Boyne is a river in Leinster, Ireland, the course of which is about long. It rises at Trinity Well, Newbury Hall, near Carbury, County Kildare, and flows towards the Northeast through County Meath to reach the Irish Sea between Mornington, County Meath and Baltray, County Louth. Salmon...

 in Ireland
Chico Valles  66.77°S 206.5°E 450.0 River in Argentina.
Clanis Valles  33.2°N 58.4°E 58.0 Classical name for Chiana River in Italy
Clasia Vallis  33.8°N 56.9°E 125.0 Classical river in Umbria, Italy
Clota Vallis  25.55°S 339.4°E 112.0 Ancient name for River Clyde
River Clyde
The River Clyde is a major river in Scotland. It is the ninth longest river in the United Kingdom, and the third longest in Scotland. Flowing through the major city of Glasgow, it was an important river for shipbuilding and trade in the British Empire....

 in Scotland
Columbia Valles  9.42°S 317.08°E 94.0 Columbia River
Columbia River
The Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. The river rises in the Rocky Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, flows northwest and then south into the U.S. state of Washington, then turns west to form most of the border between Washington and the state...

 
Coogoon Valles  17.12°S 338.1°E 300.0 River in Australia
Cusus Valles  14.34°N 50.5°E 249.0 Classical name for Hron River
Hron
Hron is a 298 km long left tributary of the Danube and the second longest river in Slovakia. It flows from its source located in the Low Tatra mountains through central and southern Slovakia, pouring into the Danube near Štúrovo and Esztergom...

 in Slovakia
Daga Vallis  11.99°S 317.62°E 70.0 Dagā River
Dagā River
-See also:*List of rivers of Burma...

 in Burma
Dao Vallis
Dao Vallis
Dao Vallis is a valley on Mars that appears to have been carved by water. It runs southwestward into Hellas Planitia, and has been identified as an outflow channel. It and its tributary, Niger Vallis, extend for about 1200 km. It is named after the Thai word for star...

 
38.38°S 87.9°E 816.0 Word for "star" in Thai
Thai language
Thai , also known as Central Thai and Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the native language of the Thai people, Thailand's dominant ethnic group. Thai is a member of the Tai group of the Tai–Kadai language family. Historical linguists have been unable to definitively...

 
Deva Vallis  7.61°S 203.0°E 48.0 Classical name for River Dee
River Dee, Galloway
The River Dee, in south-west Scotland, flows from its source in Loch Dee amongst the Galloway Hills, firstly to Clatteringshaws Loch, then in to Loch Ken, where it joins the Water of Ken. From there, the Dee flows southwards to Kirkcudbright, and into Kirkcudbright Bay to reach the Solway. The...

 in Scotland
Dittaino Valles  1.48°S 293.0°E 138.0 Dittaino River
Dittaino
The Dittaino is a river of central Sicily which rises in the Heraean Mountains, not far from the modern towns of Gangi and Enna...

 
Doanus Vallis  63.04°S 334.4°E 131.0 Classical river shown in Ptolemy's map; possibly Mekong River
Drava Valles  48.68°S 166.3°E 150.0 Drava River
Drava
Drava or Drave is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. It sources in Toblach/Dobbiaco, Italy, and flows east through East Tirol and Carinthia in Austria, into Slovenia , and then southeast, passing through Croatia and forming most of the border between Croatia and...

 
Drilon Vallis  7.22°N 307.6°E 94.0 Classical name for Drin River in Albania
Dubis Vallis  5.24°S 211.8°E 37.0 Classical name for Doubs River in France
Durius Valles  17.41°S 172.1°E 223.0 Classical name for Douro River in Portugal
Dzigai Vallis  58.51°S 323.4°E 326.0 Word for "valley" in Navajo
Navajo language
Navajo or Navaho is an Athabaskan language spoken in the southwestern United States. It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages .Navajo has more speakers than any other Native American language north of the...

Elaver Vallis  9.39°S 310.5°E 160.0 Classical name for Allier River
Allier River
The Allier is a river in central France, and is the left tributary to the Loire River. Its source is in the Massif Central, in the Lozère département, east of Mende. It flows generally north...

 in France
Enipeus Vallis
Enipeus Vallis
Enipeus Vallis is a valley in the northern hemisphere of the planet Mars. It is centered at lat. 37°N, long. 267°E in the Arcadia quadrangle between the large volcano Alba Mons and the Tempe Terra plateau. The valley follows a gently sinuous, north-south path for a distance of about 357 km...

 
36.69°N 266.9°E 357.0 Classical name for Enipeas River in Greece
Evros Vallis  12.56°S 13.9°E 335.0 Evros River
Maritsa
The Maritsa or Evros , ) is, with a length of 480 km, the longest river that runs solely in the interior of the Balkans. It has its origin in the Rila Mountains in Western Bulgaria, flowing southeast between the Balkan and Rhodope Mountains, past Plovdiv and Parvomay to Edirne, Turkey...

 
Frento Vallis
Frento Vallis
Frento Vallis is a valley in the Noachis quadrangle of Mars, with a location centered at50.3 S and 14.5 W. It is 277 km long and was named after the classical name for a river in Italy....

 
49.98°S 345.5°E 277.0 Classical name for Fortore River in Italy
Granicus Valles  29.72°N 131.0°E 750.0 Ancient name for the Biga Çayı, a river in Turkey
Grjotá Valles  15.43°N 165.4°E 370.0 River in Iceland
Harmakhis Vallis
Harmakhis Vallis
Harmakhis Vallis is a valley near Hellas Planitia, Mars. It has been identified as an outflow channel, the site of catastrophic floods of water during Mars' past.Gullies are also common on the wall of Harmakhis Vallis, as seen the image below...

 
40.48°S 90.4°E 475.0 Word for "Mars" in Ancient Egyptian
Hebrus Valles
Hebrus Valles
Hebrus Valles is an ancient system of troughs and valleys in the Amenthes quadrangle of Mars, located at 20.2° north latitude and 233.4° west longitude. It is 317 km long and was named after an ancient river in Greece...

 
19.99°N 126.6°E 317.0 Ancient name for the Maritsa
Maritsa
The Maritsa or Evros , ) is, with a length of 480 km, the longest river that runs solely in the interior of the Balkans. It has its origin in the Rila Mountains in Western Bulgaria, flowing southeast between the Balkan and Rhodope Mountains, past Plovdiv and Parvomay to Edirne, Turkey...

, a river in Greece
Her Desher Vallis  25.15°S 312.0°E 107.0 Word for "Mars" in Egyptian
Hermus Vallis  5.34°S 212.0°E 46.0 Classical name for Gediz River
Gediz River
-Name:The ancient name of the river was Hermos or Hermus.The name of the river Gediz may be related to the Lydian proper name Cadys; Gediz is also the name of a town near the river's sources. The name "Gediz" may also be encountered as a male name in Turkey.-Ancient geography:The Hermos separated...

 in Turkey
Himera Valles  21.38°S 337.2°E 160.0 Classical name for Grande River
Grande River (Sicily)
The Grande River is a river of Sicily, rising in the heights near Cozzo Levanche, and flowing approximately 35 km, through the comuni of Caltavuturo, Campofelice di Roccella, Cerda, Collesano, Scillato, Sclafani Bagni, Termini Imerese and Valledolmo to the Tyrrhenian Sea at the site of the...

 in Italy
Hrad Vallis  38.38°N 135.3°E 825.0 Word for "Mars" in Armenian
Armenian language
The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia as well as in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The language is also widely spoken by Armenian communities in the Armenian diaspora...

Huo Hsing Vallis
Huo Hsing Vallis
Huo Hsing Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Syrtis Major quadrangle of Mars at 30.5° north latitude and 293.4° west longitude. It is about 318 km long and was named after the word for "Mars" in Chinese. - Dikes :...

 
30.22°N 66.6°E 318.0 Word for "Mars" in Chinese
Chinese language
The Chinese language is a language or language family consisting of varieties which are mutually intelligible to varying degrees. Originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han Chinese in China, it forms one of the branches of Sino-Tibetan family of languages...

:火星/huǒxīng
Hypanis Valles  9.49°N 313.3°E 231.0 Classical name for Kuban River
Kuban River
The Kuban River is a river in Russia, in the North Caucasus region. It flows mostly through Krasnodar Krai but also in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Stavropol Krai and the Republic of Adygea....

 in Russia
Hypsas Vallis  33.7°N 57.9°E 32.8 Classical name for river in Sicily
Iberus Vallis
Iberus Vallis
Iberus Vallis is a valley in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars, located at 21.5° N and 208.0° W. It is 80.2 Km long and was named after a classical name for the Ebro River in NE Spain....

 
21.28°N 152.0°E 80.2 Classical name for Ebro River in Spain
Indus Vallis
Indus Vallis
Indus Vallis is a valley in the Arabia quadrangle of Mars, located at 19.3° North and 321.3° West. It is 307 km long and was named after the ancient and modern name for a river in Pakistan....

 
19.1°N 38.7°E 307.0 Indus River
Indus River
The Indus River is a major river which flows through Pakistan. It also has courses through China and India.Originating in the Tibetan plateau of western China in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet Autonomous Region, the river runs a course through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir and...

 
Isara Valles  5.34°S 213.4°E 8.0 Classical name for Oise River
Oise River
The River Oise is a right tributary of the River Seine, flowing for 302 km in Belgium and France. Its source is in the Belgian province Hainaut, south of the town Chimay. It crosses the border with France after about 20 km. It flows into the Seine in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, near Paris...

 in France
Ituxi Vallis
Ituxi Vallis
Ituxi Vallis is a valley in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars, located at 25.4° N and 207° W. It is 62 km long and was named after the Ituxi River in Brazil....

 
25.15°N 153.0°E 62.0 Ituxi River
Ituxi River
Ituxi River is a river of Amazonas state in north-western Brazil.-References:*...

 in Brazil
Kasei Valles
Kasei Valles
Kasei Valles is a giant system of canyons in Mare Acidalium and Lunae Palus quadrangles on Mars, located at 24.6° north latitude and 65.0° west longitude. It is 1,780 km long and was named for the word for "Mars" in Japanese. This huge system is 300 miles wide in some places. In contrast,...

 
24.36°N 295.0°E 1780.0 Word for "Mars" in Japanese
Japanese language
is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities. It is a member of the Japonic language family, which has a number of proposed relationships with other languages, none of which has gained wide acceptance among historical linguists .Japanese is an...

: かせい
Labou Vallis
Labou Vallis
Labou Vallis is a valley in the Memnonia quadrangle of Mars, located at 8.7° south latitude and 154.5° west longitude. It is 222 km long and was named after a French word for Mars. Labou Vallis has dark slope streaks on its walls. The streaks are generally thought to be the dark material...

 
8.6°S 205.5°E 222.0 Word for "Mars" in French
French language
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...

 
Ladon Valles
Ladon Valles
Ladon Valles is a river valley on the planet of Mars in the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle located at 22.6° South and 28.7° West. It is 278 km long and was named after an ancient name for a Greek river...

 
22.37°S 331.3°E 278.0 Ladon River
Ladon River
The river Ladon features in Greek mythology. It rises in Arcadia, west of Tripoli. It is a tributary to the river Alfeios, which empties into the Ionian Sea....

 in Greece
Lethe Vallis
Lethe Vallis
Lethe Vallis is a valley in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars, located at 4° North and 206.5° West. It is 225 km long and is named after a river in Katmai National Monument, Alaska, USA....

 
3.96°N 153.5°E 225.0 River Lethe
River Lethe
River Lethe is located 18 km west of Mount Katmai, Alaska Peninsula, and is the middle branch of the Ukak River. It flows through the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes and meets the Ukak at ....

 
Licus Vallis
Licus Vallis
Licus Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Mare Tyrrhenum quadrangle of Mars, located at 2.9° south latitude and 233.9° west longitude. It is 219.1 km long and was named after an ancient name for modern Lech River in Germany and Austria....

 
2.87°S 126.1°E 219.1 Ancient name for Lech River
Lech River
The Lech is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube in length with a drainage basin of .Its source is located in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, where the river rises from lake Formarinsee in the Alps at an altitude of...

 in Germany and Austria
Liris Valles  10.58°S 57.9°E 613.0 Ancient name for Liri River in Italy
Lobo Vallis  26.94°N 298.8°E 102.0 River in Ivory Coast
Locras Valles  8.6°N 47.7°E 314.0 Ancient name for river in Corsica mentioned by Ptolemy
Loire Valles  18.11°S 343.3°E 720.0 Loire River 
Louros Valles  8.41°S 278.0°E 517.0 Louros River
Louros (river)
The Louros is a river in the Periphery of Epirus, in northwestern Greece. It emerges from the ground in a large spring located immediately north of the village of Vouliasta, in Ioannina prefecture at 39°55'55 N and 20°50'28 E, at approximately 300 m in altitude. It flows south through a canyon,...

 
Ma'adim Vallis
Ma'adim Vallis
Ma'adim Vallis is one of the largest outflow channels on Mars, about 700 km long and significantly larger than Earth's Grand Canyon. It is over 20 km wide and 2 km deep in some places. It runs from a region of southern lowlands thought to have once contained a large group of lakes ...

 
21.58°S 177.3°E 825.0 Word for "Mars" in Hebrew
Hebrew language
Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family. Culturally, is it considered by Jews and other religious groups as the language of the Jewish people, though other Jewish languages had originated among diaspora Jews, and the Hebrew language is also used by non-Jewish groups, such...

: מַאַדִים 
Mad Vallis
Mad Vallis
Mad Vallis is a valley in the Hellas quadrangle of Mars, with its location centered at 56.5° S and 283.9° W. It is 524 km long and was named after the Mad River in Vermont, USA....

 
56.2°S 76.1°E 524.0 Mad River
Mad River (Vermont)
The Mad River is a tributary to the Winooski River in Vermont. It has its headwaters in Granville Gulf, then flows north through the towns of Warren, Waitsfield, and Moretown before entering the Winooski River just downstream from Middlesex. Other towns within the Mad River watershed are the...

 
Maja Valles
Maja Valles
Maja Valles is a large, ancient outflow channel in the Lunae Palus quadrangle on Mars. Its location is 12.6° north latitude and 58.3° west longitude. The name is a Nepali word for "Mars". Maja Valles begins at Juventae Chasma. Parts of the system have been partially buried by thin volcanic debris...

 
12.46°N 301.7°E 1516.0 Word for "Mars" in Nepali
Nepali language
Nepali or Nepalese is a language in the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.It is the official language and de facto lingua franca of Nepal and is also spoken in Bhutan, parts of India and parts of Myanmar...

 
Mamers Valles  39.98°N 17.8°E 1020.0 Word for "Mars" in Oscan
Oscan language
Oscan is a term used to describe both an extinct language of southern Italy and the language group to which it belonged.The Oscan language was spoken by a number of tribes, including the Samnites, the Aurunci, the Sidicini, and the Ausones. The latter three tribes were often grouped under the name...

Mangala Valles
Mangala Valles
Mangala Valles is a complex system of criss-crossing channels on Mars, located in the Tharsis region originating in the Amazonian epoch. It is thought to be an outflow channel, carved by catastrophic and release of vast quantities of water across the Martian surface...

 
11.47°S 209.0°E 828.0 Word for "Mars" in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Sanskrit , is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.Buddhism: besides Pali, see Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand...

Marikh Vallis  19.25°S 3.9°E 1280.0 Word for "Mars" in Malaysian 
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

 
13.75°S 300.8°E 3769.0 Mariner 9
Mariner 9
Mariner 9 was a NASA space orbiter that helped in the exploration of Mars and was part of the Mariner program. Mariner 9 was launched toward Mars on May 30, 1971 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and reached the planet on November 13 of the same year, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit...

 Space program
Largest known crevice in the solar system
Marte Vallis
Marte Vallis
Marte Vallis is a valley in the Amazonis quadrangle of Mars, located at 15 North and 176.5 West. It is 185 km long and was named for the Spanish word for "Mars"...

 
14.84°N 183.5°E 1185.0 Word for "Mars" in Spanish: martes
Matrona Vallis  7.61°S 176.1°E 51.0 Classical name for Marne River in France
Maumee Valles  19.49°N 306.8°E 350.0 Maumee River
Maumee River
The Maumee River is a river in northwestern Ohio and northeastern Indiana in the United States. It is formed at Fort Wayne, Indiana by the confluence of the St. Joseph and St. Marys rivers, and meanders northeastwardly for through an agricultural region of glacial moraines before flowing into the...

 
Mawrth Vallis
Mawrth Vallis
Mawrth Vallis is a valley on Mars at 22.3°N, 343.5°E with an elevation approximately two kilometres below datum. It is an ancient water outflow channel with light-colored clay-rich rocks.Mawrth Vallis is one of the oldest valleys on Mars...

 
22.37°N 343.5°E 636.0 Word for "Mars" in Welsh
Welsh language
Welsh is a member of the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa...

: Mawrth
Minio Vallis
Minio Vallis
Minio Vallis is an old river valley in the Memnonia quadrangle of Mars, located at 4.3° south latitude and 151.8° west longitude. It is 88 km long and was named after a classical name for river in Italy....

 
4.25°S 208.2°E 88.0 Classical name for river in Italy
Morava Valles  13.29°S 335.55°E 325.0 Morava River 
Mosa Vallis  14.74°S 22.2°E 171.0 Meuse River
Meuse River
The Maas or Meuse is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea...

 
Munda Vallis  5.44°S 213.7°E 10.0 Classical name for Mondego River in Portugal
Naktong Vallis
Naktong Vallis
Naktong Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Arabia quadrangle of Mars, located at 5.3 degrees north latitude and 327.1 degrees west longitude. It is 494 km long and was named after a river in Korea....

 
5.24°N 32.9°E 494.0 Nakdong River
Nakdong River
The Nakdong River is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan.-Geography:...

 
Nanedi Valles
Nanedi Valles
Nanedi Valles is a large valley in the Lunae Palus quadrangle of Mars, located at4.9° N and 49.0° W. It is 508.0 km long and was named for the word for "planet" in Sesotho, the national language of Lesotho, Africa....

 
4.85°N 311.0°E 508.0 Word for "planet" in Sesotho
Sesotho language
The Sotho language, also known as Sesotho, Southern Sotho, or Southern Sesotho, is a Bantu language spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages, and in Lesotho, where it is the national language...

Naro Vallis  3.96°S 60.6°E 393.0 Ancient name for Neretva River in former Yugoslavia
Nestus Valles  7.12°S 201.4°E 33.0 Classical name for Nestos River in Macedonia (Greece)
Nia Vallis  53.79°S 325.3°E 133.0 Classical river name Named used by Lowell for canal
Nicer Vallis  7.22°S 201.8°E 54.0 Classical name for Neckar River in Germany
Niger Vallis
Niger Vallis
Niger Vallis is a valley on Mars that appears to have been carved by water. It has been identified as an outflow channel. It merges with Dao Vallis which runs southwestward into Hellas Planitia from the volcanic Hadriacus Mons. Like Dao, it was formed around the Late Noachian and Early Hesperian...

 
35.09°S 92.2°E 333.0 Niger River
Niger River
The Niger River is the principal river of western Africa, extending about . Its drainage basin is in area. Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea...

 
Nirgal Vallis
Nirgal Vallis
Nirgal Vallis is a long river channel in the Coprates quadrangle and the Phoenicis Lacus quadrangle of Mars at 28.4° south latitude and 42° west longitude. It is 496 km long and is named after the word for "Mars" in Babylonian. The western half of Nirgal Valles is a branched system, but the...

 
28.13°S 318.0°E 496.0 Word for "Mars" in Babylonian
Ochus Valles  7.12°N 314.9°E 104.0 Classical name for Hari River in Turkmenistan
Oltis Valles  23.66°S 338.3°E 173.0 Ancient name for Lot River in France
Osuga Valles  15.14°S 321.4°E 185.0 Osuga River
Osuga River
Osuga River is a river in Tver Oblast of Russia. It flows out of the Valdai Hillsand follows into the Tvertsa River.The towns located along the river include: Kuvshinovo....

 
Padus Vallis
Padus Vallis
Padus Vallis is a valley in the Memnonia quadrangle on Mars that empties into the Medusa Fossae Formation. It is located at 4.6° S and 150.1° W. It is 46.0 km long and was named for the classical name for modern Po River in Italy. Padus Vallis is one of many valleys that empty into the...

 
4.55°S 209.9°E 46.0 Classical name for Po River
Po River
The Po |Ligurian]]: Bodincus or Bodencus) is a river that flows either or – considering the length of the Maira, a right bank tributary – eastward across northern Italy, from a spring seeping from a stony hillside at Pian del Re, a flat place at the head of the Val Po under the northwest face...

 in Italy
Pallacopas Vallis  55.0°S 339.0°E 660.0 Classical canal in Babylonia
Babylonia
Babylonia was an ancient cultural region in central-southern Mesopotamia , with Babylon as its capital. Babylonia emerged as a major power when Hammurabi Babylonia was an ancient cultural region in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), with Babylon as its capital. Babylonia emerged as...

 
Name used by Lowell for a canal
Parana Valles
Parana Valles
Parana Valles is a valley in the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle of Mars, located at 23.1° South and 10.2° West. It is 350 km long and was named after an ancient and modern name for a South American river . A low area between Parana Valles and Loire Vallis is believed to have once held a lake....

 
22.87°S 349.8°E 350.0 Paraná River
Paraná River
The Paraná River is a river in south Central South America, running through Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina for some . It is second in length only to the Amazon River among South American rivers. The name Paraná is an abbreviation of the phrase "para rehe onáva", which comes from the Tupi language...

 
Patapsco Vallis
Patapsco Vallis
Patapsco Vallis is a valley in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars, located at 24° N and 207° West. It is 153 km long and was named after a modern river in Maryland, USA....

 
23.76°N 152.5°E 153.0 Patapsco River
Patapsco River
The Patapsco River is a river in central Maryland which flows into Chesapeake Bay. The river's tidal portion forms the harbor for the city of Baltimore...

 
Protva Valles  28.92°S 299.4°E 260.0 Protva River
Protva River
Protva River is a river in Moscow and Kaluga Oblasts in Russia, left tributary of the Oka. The length of the river is 282 km. The area of its basin is 4,620 km². The Protva freezes up in early December and stays icebound until early April. Its main tributary is the Luzha River. The towns of...

 
Rahway Valles
Rahway Valles
Rahway Valles is a valley in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars, located at 9.4° North and 186.2° West. It is 500 km long and was named after a river in New Jersey, USA....

 
9.3°N 173.8°E 500.0 Rahway River
Rahway River
The Rahway River is a river, approximately 24 mi long, in northeastern New Jersey in the United States. The river drains part of the suburban and urbanized area of New Jersey west of New York City. Part of the extended area of New York Harbor, the river empties into the Arthur Kill. In its...

 
Ravi Vallis
Ravi Vallis
Ravi Vallis is an ancient outflow channel in the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle on Mars, located at 0.2° S and 40.7 W°. It is 205.5 km long and was named after the Ravi River, an ancient Pakistani River....

 
0.2°S 319.3°E 205.5 Ravi River
Ravi River
The Ravi is a trans-boundary river flowing through Northwestern India and eastern Pakistan. It is one of the six rivers of the Indus System in Punjab region ....

 
Ravius Valles  46.18°N 248.7°E 233.0 Classical name for river in Ireland
Reull Vallis
Reull Vallis
Reull Vallis is a valley on Mars that appears to have been carved by water. It runs westward into the Channels of Reull Vallis which runs north westwards into Hellas Planitia. It is named after the Gaelic word for planet.- Lineated Floor Deposits :...

 
42.28°S 104.1°E 945.0 Word for "planet" in Gaelic 
Rhabon Valles  21.18°N 268.5°E 247.0 Classical name for Jiu River
Jiu River
Jiu is a river of southern Romania. It is formed near Petroşani by the junction of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo, 331...

 in Romania
Rubicon Valles  44.68°N 243.0°E 240.0 Ancient name for Rubicon River
Rubicon
The Rubicon is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, about 80 kilometres long, running from the Apennine Mountains to the Adriatic Sea through the southern Emilia-Romagna region, between the towns of Rimini and Cesena. The Latin word rubico comes from the adjective "rubeus", meaning "red"...

 in Italy
Runa Vallis  28.43°S 323.2°E 39.2 Name proposed by Soviets
Sabis Vallis
Sabis Vallis
Sabis Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Memnonia quadrangle of Mars, located at 5.3° south latitude and 152.5° west longitude. It is 206 km long and was named after a classical name for the present Sambre River in France and Belgium....

 
5.24°S 207.5°E 206.0 Classical name for Sambre River in France and Belgium
Sabrina Vallis  11.08°N 311.0°E 237.0 Classical name for River Severn
River Severn
The River Severn is the longest river in Great Britain, at about , but the second longest on the British Isles, behind the River Shannon. It rises at an altitude of on Plynlimon, Ceredigion near Llanidloes, Powys, in the Cambrian Mountains of mid Wales...

 in England
Samara Valles
Samara Valles
Samara Valles is a valley in the Memnonia quadrangle on Mars, located at 25.1° south latitude and 19.1° west longitude. It is 615 km long and was named after the ancient name for modern Somme River, France....

 
24.85°S 340.9°E 615.0 Ancient name for Somme River
Somme River
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France. The name Somme comes from a Celtic word meaning tranquility. The department Somme was named after this river....

 in France
Scamander Vallis
Scamander Vallis
Scamander Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Amenthes quadrangle of Mars, located at 16 North and 331.5 West. It is 204 km long and was named after an ancient name of a river at Troy ....

 
15.83°N 28.5°E 204.0 Ancient name for Karamenderes River
Karamenderes River
Karamenderes is the modern name of the river Scamander, along the lower course of which, according to the Iliad, the battles of the Trojan War were fought. It flows entirely within the Turkish province of Çanakkale....

 in Turkey
Senus Vallis  5.24°S 213.0°E 20.0 Classical name for river in Ireland
Sepik Vallis  0.89°S 294.2°E 56.0 Sepik River
Sepik
Sepik may refer to places in Papua New Guinea:*Sepik River*East Sepik - a province*Sandaun - a province formerly known as West Sepik*Sepik region - consisting of East Sepik and Sandaun provincesIn languages it may refer to:...

 
Shalbatana Vallis
Shalbatana Vallis
Shalbatana Vallis is an ancient water-worn channel on Mars, located in the Oxia Palus quadrangle at 7.8° north latitude and 42.1° west longitude. It is the westernmost of the southern Chryse outflow channels...

 
7.71°N 317.9°E 963.0 Word for "Mars" in Akkadian
Akkadian language
Akkadian is an extinct Semitic language that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia. The earliest attested Semitic language, it used the cuneiform writing system derived ultimately from ancient Sumerian, an unrelated language isolate...

Silinka Vallis  8.9°N 331.8°E 140.0 River in Russia
Simud Valles
Simud Valles
Simud Valles is an ancient outflow channel in the Oxia Palus quadrangle of Mars, located at 19.8° N and 37.8° W. It is 945.0 km long and was named for the word for "Mars" in Sumerian. Note: Descriptor term changed to the plural , and coordinates redefined 3/31/2008....

 
19.59°N 322.2°E 945.0 Word for "Mars" in Sumerian
Sumerian language
Sumerian is the language of ancient Sumer, which was spoken in southern Mesopotamia since at least the 4th millennium BC. During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism...

Stura Vallis
Stura Vallis
Stura Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars, located at 22.9° north latitude and 217.6° west longitude. It is 75 km long and was named after a classical river east of Rome, Italy....

 
22.67°N 142.4°E 75.0 Classical name for Stura di Demonte
Stura di Demonte
Stura di Demonte is a 111 km long river in northwestern Italy . It is a tributary to the river Tanaro, which is a tributary of the river Po. Its source is in the Alps, near the border with France. It flows through Demonte and Cuneo before joining the Tanaro just east of Cherasco....

 river in Italy
Subur Vallis  11.67°N 306.8°E 26.0 Classical name for river in Mauritania
Sungari Vallis  40.03°S 88.84°E 430.0 Songhua River
Songhua River
The Songhua or Sunggari River is a river in Northeast China, and is the largest tributary of the Heilong River , flowing about from Changbai Mountains through Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces. The river drains of land, and has an annual discharge of .As the Second Songhua River, it joins the...

 
Surinda Valles  28.92°S 324.9°E 95.0 Name proposed by Soviets; found on Mars 5 map
Surius Vallis  61.53°S 311.6°E 570.0 From a river of Colchis
Colchis
In ancient geography, Colchis or Kolkhis was an ancient Georgian state kingdom and region in Western Georgia, which played an important role in the ethnic and cultural formation of the Georgian nation.The Kingdom of Colchis contributed significantly to the development of medieval Georgian...

 
Name used by Lowell for canal
Tader Valles
Tader Valles
Tader Valles is a set of small channels in the Phaethontis quadrangle found at49.1° south latitude and 152.5° west longitude. it is named after the ancient name for present Segura River, Spain.- Ice-rich Mantle :...

 
48.78°S 207.5°E 200.0 Ancient name for Segura River in Spain
Tagus Valles  6.72°S 114.4°E 155.4 Tagus River
Tagus
The Tagus is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula. It is long, in Spain, along the border between Portugal and Spain and in Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean at Lisbon. It drains an area of . The Tagus is highly utilized for most of its course...

 
Taus Vallis  4.85°S 211.5°E 12.6 Classical name for river in Scotland
Termes Vallis  11.08°S 202.9°E 48.0 Classical name for Tormes River in Spain
Teviot Vallis  43.38°S 102.1°E 140.0 River Teviot
River Teviot
The River Teviot, or Teviot Water, is a river of the Scottish Borders area of Scotland, and a tributary of the River Tweed.It rises in the western foothills of Comb Hill on the border of Dumfries and Galloway...

 
Tigre Valles  11.88°S 322.88°E 118 Tigre River
Tigre River
The Tigre River is a Peruvian tributary of the Amazon River west of the Nanay, and is navigable for 125 miles from its confluence with the Amazon. It forms from the confluence of the Ecuadorian rivers Cunambo and Pintoyacu at the Peruvian border. Like the Nanay, it flows entirely on the plains. ...

 
Tinia Valles
Tinia Valles
Tinia Valles is an ancient valley in the Memnonia quadrangle of Mars, located at 4.7° south latitude and 149° west longitude. It is 18.7 km long and was named after a classical river in Italy. Tinia Valles has many dark slope streaks on its walls. These features are widely believed to be...

 
4.65°S 211.0°E 18.7 Classical name for river in Italy
Tinjar Valles  37.69°N 124.2°E 425.0 Tinjar River in Malaysia
Tinto Vallis  3.96°S 111.4°E 146.5 Rio Tinto 
Tisia Valles  11.77°S 45.7°E 399.0 Ancient name for Tisza River in Ukraine
Tiu Valles
Tiu Valles
Tiu Valles is an outflow channel in the Oxia Palus quadrangle of Mars, located at 15.9° North and 35.7° West.It is 1,720 km long and was named after the word for "Mars" in old English ....

 
15.73°N 324.3°E 1720.0 Word for "Mars" in Old English
Old English language
Old English or Anglo-Saxon is an early form of the English language that was spoken and written by the Anglo-Saxons and their descendants in parts of what are now England and southeastern Scotland between at least the mid-5th century and the mid-12th century...

: tiu
Trebia Valles  32.11°N 150.0°E 183.0 Classical name for Trebbia River in Italy
Tyras Vallis
Tyras Vallis
Tyras Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Lunae Palus quadrangle of Mars. It is located at 8.4 N° and 50.2° W. It was named after a classical name for the present Dniester River ....

 
8.31°N 309.8°E 68.0 Classical name for Dniester River in Ukraine
Uzboi Vallis
Uzboi Vallis
Uzboi Vallis is a valley on Mars. It is named after a dry river valley in USSR, now in Turkmenistan.The valley begins on the northern rim of the Argyre basin, and cuts through several craters, before ending at Holden crater....

 
29.52°S 322.9°E 366.0 Dry riverbed of the Uzboy River
Uzboy River
The Uzboy River was a distributary of the Amu Darya which flowed through the northwestern part of the Karakum Desert of Turkmenistan until the 18th century, when it abruptly dried up, destroying in the process the Turkmen civilization which had thrived along its banks.Now a dry river channel and a...

 in Turkmenistan
Varus Valles  8.6°S 203.8°E 92.0 Classical name for Var River
Var River
The Var is a river located in the southeast of France. The name Var originates from the Ligurian word for waterway.The Var flows through the Alpes-Maritimes département for most of its length, with a short stretch in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence département...

 in France
Vedra Valles  19.2°N 304.4°E 115.0 Ancient name for river in Great Britain
Verde Vallis
Verde Vallis
Verde Vallis is an ancient river valley in the Sinus Sabaeus quadrangle on Mars. It is found in the Sinus Sabaeus quadrangle at 0.5° south latitude and 330.2° west longitude. It is named after a river in Arizona, USA....

 
0.49°S 29.8°E 95.0 Verde River
Verde River
The Verde River is the north and northwestern watershed of the Salt River–Verde River Watershed that co-join and enter the Gila River at Phoenix, Arizona, located in the U.S. state of Arizona...

 
Vichada Valles  19.4°S 88.1°E 430.0 Vichada River
Vichada River
The Vichada River is a blackwater river in the country of Colombia, South America. It flows into the Orinoco River.The westward course of the Vichada is offset by an impact structure, called the Vichada Structure. The structure is most likely the largest impact structure in South America....

 
Vistula Valles  13.55°N 308.1°E 190.0 Vistula River in Poland
Waikato Vallis  33.2°S 113.81°E 230.0 Waikato River
Waikato River
The Waikato River is the longest river in New Zealand. In the North Island, it runs for 425 kilometres from the eastern slopes of Mount Ruapehu, joining the Tongariro River system and emptying into Lake Taupo, New Zealand's largest lake. It drains Taupo at the lake's northeastern edge, creates the...

Walla Walla Vallis  9.79°S 305.5°E 24.0 Walla Walla River
Walla Walla River
The Walla Walla River is a tributary of the Columbia River, joining the Columbia just above Wallula Gap in southeastern Washington in the United States. The river flows through Umatilla County, Oregon and Walla Walla County, Washington. Its drainage basin is in area.-Course:The headwaters of the...

 
Warrego Valles
Warrego Valles
Warrego Valles is an ancient river valley in the Thaumasia quadrangle of Mars, located at 42.2° south latitude and 93° west longitude. It is 188 kmlong and was named after a Modern Australian River....

 
41.88°S 267.0°E 188.0 Warrego River
Warrego River
The Warrego River is situated in south west Queensland and north west New South Wales, Australia. It is the northernmost tributary of the Darling River....

 
Zarqa Valles  0.16°N 80.82°E 490 Zarqa River
Zarqa River
The Zarqa River is the second largest tributary of the lower Jordan River, after the Yarmouk River. It is the third largest river in the region by annual discharge, and its watershed encompasses the most densely populated areas east of the Jordan River...