List of Chasmata on Mars

List of Chasmata on Mars

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What follows is a list of chasma
Chasma
Chasma is a term used in astrogeology to refer to "a deep, elongated, steep-sided depression". The plural is chasmata. An example is Eos Chasma on Mars. Below are images of some of the major chasmata of Mars...

ta on Mars
Mars
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. The planet is named after the Roman god of war, Mars. It is often described as the "Red Planet", as the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance...

. A chasma is a deep, steep sided, elongated depression similar to a canyon
Canyon
A canyon or gorge is a deep ravine between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Rivers have a natural tendency to reach a baseline elevation, which is the same elevation as the body of water it will eventually drain into. This forms a canyon. Most canyons were formed by a process of...

 on Earth
Earth
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, and the densest and fifth-largest of the eight planets in the Solar System. It is also the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets...

.
Name Coordinates Notes
Arsia Chasmata
Arsia Chasmata
Arsia Chasmata is a steep-sided depression in the Phoenicis Lacus quadrangle on Mars, located at 7.6° S and 119.3° W. It is 81 km long and was named after an albedo name....

 
7.5°S 119.4°W
Ascraeus Chasmata  8.7°N 105.7°W
Australe Sulci  84.9°S 135°E Part of Planum Australe
Planum Australe
Planum Australe is the southern polar plain on Mars. It extends southward of roughly 75°S and is centered at . The geology of this region was to be explored by the failed NASA mission Mars Polar Lander, which lost contact on entry into the Martian atmosphere.-Ice cap:Planum Australe is partially...

Baetis Chasma  4.3°S 65°W
Candor Chasma
Candor Chasma
Candor Chasma is one of the largest canyons in the Valles Marineris canyon system on Mars. The feature is geographically divided into two halves: East and West Candor Chasmas, respectively...

 
6.5°S 70.9°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Capri Chasma  9.8°S 43.3°W
Ceti Chasma  5°S 68.4°W
Chasma Australe  82.2°S 94.4°E Part of Planum Australe
Planum Australe
Planum Australe is the southern polar plain on Mars. It extends southward of roughly 75°S and is centered at . The geology of this region was to be explored by the failed NASA mission Mars Polar Lander, which lost contact on entry into the Martian atmosphere.-Ice cap:Planum Australe is partially...

Chasma Boreale
Chasma Boreale
Chasma Boreale is a large canyon in the Mare Boreum quadrangle of Mars at 83° north latitude and 47.1° west longitude. It is about long and was named after a classical albedo feature name. The canyon shows layered features that result from seasonal melting and deposition of ice, together with...

 
82.9°N 47.1°W
Coprates Chasma  13.2°S 61.4°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Echus Chasma
Echus Chasma
Echus Chasma is a chasma in the Lunae Planum high plateau north of the Valles Marineris canyon system of Mars. Clay has been found in Echus Chasma that means that water once sat there for a time.-Geography:...

 
2.6°N 80.1°W
Elysium Chasma  22.3°N 141.5°E
Eos Chasma
Eos Chasma
Eos Chasma is a chasma in the southern part of the Valles Marineris canyon system of Mars.Eos Chasma’s western floor is mainly composed of an etched massive material composed of either volcanic or eolian deposits later eroded by the Martian wind. The eastern end of the Eos chasma has a large area...

 
12°S 39.7°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Ganges Chasma
Ganges Chasma
The Ganges Chasma is a deep canyon at the eastern end of the vast Valles Marineris system on Mars, an offshoot of Eos Chasma. It is named after the River Ganges in South Asia. It has been tentatively identified as an outflow channel....

 
7.9°S 48.1°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Hebes Chasma
Hebes Chasma
Hebes Chasma is an isolated chasma just north of the Valles Marineris canyon system of Mars. It is centered at 1 degree southern latitude and 76 degrees western longitude, just between the Martian equator and the Valles Marineris system, just east of the Tharsis region.-Geography:Hebes Chasma is a...

 
1.1°S 76.2°W
Hyblaeus Chasma  22°N 141.2°E
Ius Chasma
Ius Chasma
Ius Chasma is a large canyon in the Coprates quadrangle of Mars at 7° south latitude and 85.8° west longitude. It is about 938 km long and was named after a classical albedo feature name.- Valles Marineris Canyon System :...

 
6.9°S 85.8°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Juventae Chasma
Juventae Chasma
Juventae Chasma is an enormous box canyon on Mars which opens to the north and forms the outflow channel Maja Valles....

 
3.5°S 61.4°W
Melas Chasma
Melas Chasma
Melas Chasma is a canyon on Mars, the widest segment of the Valles Marineris canyon system, located east of Ius Chasma at 9.8°S, 283.6°E. It cuts through layered deposits that are thought to be sediments from an old lake that resulted from runoff of the valley networks to the west. Other theories...

 
10.3°S 72.7°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Ophir Chasma
Ophir Chasma
Ophir Chasma is a canyon in the Coprates quadrangle of Mars at 4° south latitude and 72.5° west longitude. It is about 317 km long and was named after the classical albedo feature name.- Valles Marineris Canyon System :...

 
4°S 72.5°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Pavonis Chasma  2.7°N 111.2°W
Promethei Chasma  82.2°S 141.5°E Part of Planum Australe
Planum Australe
Planum Australe is the southern polar plain on Mars. It extends southward of roughly 75°S and is centered at . The geology of this region was to be explored by the failed NASA mission Mars Polar Lander, which lost contact on entry into the Martian atmosphere.-Ice cap:Planum Australe is partially...

Tithonium Chasma
Tithonium Chasma
Tithonium Chasma is a large canyon in the Coprates quadrangle of Mars at 4.6° south latitude and 84.7° west longitude. It is about 810 km long and was named after a classical albedo feature name.- Valles Marineris Canyon System :...

 
4.6°S 84.7°W Part of Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris
Valles Marineris is a system of canyons that runs along the Martian surface east of the Tharsis region...

Ultimum Chasma  81.2°S 151.1°E Part of Planum Australe
Planum Australe
Planum Australe is the southern polar plain on Mars. It extends southward of roughly 75°S and is centered at . The geology of this region was to be explored by the failed NASA mission Mars Polar Lander, which lost contact on entry into the Martian atmosphere.-Ice cap:Planum Australe is partially...