List of endangered species in India

List of endangered species in India

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Critically Endangered


According to the Red Data Book
IUCN Red List
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species , founded in 1963, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species...

 of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 47 critically endangered species in India :

Birds
  1. Ardea insignis (White-bellied Heron
    White-bellied Heron
    The White-bellied Heron is a species of large heron found in the foothills of the eastern Himalayas in India, northeastern Bangladesh, Burma and Bhutan. Records in the past have been from Nepal. It is mostly all dark grey with white throat and underparts. This heron is mostly solitary and is found...

    )
  2. Eurynorhynchus pygmeus (Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    The Spoon-billed Sandpiper , is a small wader which breeds in northeastern Russia and winters in Southeast Asia.- Taxonomy and systematics :...

    )
  3. Grus leucogeranus (Siberian Crane
    Siberian Crane
    The Siberian Crane also known as the Siberian White Crane or the Snow Crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes...

    )
  4. Gyps bengalensis (White-rumped Vulture)
  5. Gyps indicus (Indian Vulture)
  6. Gyps tenuirostris (Slender-billed Vulture
    Slender-billed Vulture
    The Slender-billed Vulture is a recently recognized species of Old World vulture. For some time, it was categorized with its relative, the Indian Vulture, under the name of "Long-billed Vulture". However, these two species have non-overlapping distribution ranges and can be immediately told apart...

    )
  7. Heteroglaux blewitti (Forest Owlet
    Forest Owlet
    The Forest Owlet is an owl that is endemic to the forests of central India. This species belongs to the typical owls family, Strigidae. After it was described in 1873 and last seen in the wild in 1884, it was considered extinct until it was rediscovered 113 years later in 1997 by Pamela Rasmussen...

    )
  8. Houbaropsis bengalensis (Bengal Florican
    Bengal Florican
    The Bengal Florican , also called Bengal Bustard, is a very rare bustard species from tropical southern Asia. It is the only member of the genus Houbaropsis...

    )
  9. Ophrysia superciliosa (Himalayan Quail
    Himalayan Quail
    The Himalayan Quail is a medium-sized quail belonging to the pheasant family. It was last reported in 1876 and is feared extinct. This species was known from only 2 locations in the western Himalayas in Uttarakhand, north-west India...

    )
  10. Rhinoptilus bitorquatus (Jerdon's Courser
    Jerdon's Courser
    The Jerdon's Courser is a nocturnal bird belonging to the pratincole and courser family Glareolidae endemic to India. The bird was discovered by the surgeon-naturalist Thomas C. Jerdon in 1848 but not seen again until its rediscovery in 1986. This courser is a restricted-range endemic found...

    ), Endemic to India
  11. Sarcogyps calvus (Red-headed Vulture
    Red-headed Vulture
    The Red-headed Vulture , also known as the Asian King Vulture, Indian Black Vulture or Pondicherry Vulture,-Description:...

    )
  12. Vanellus gregarius (Sociable Lapwing
    Sociable Lapwing
    The Sociable Lapwing or Sociable Plover is a wader in the lapwing family of birds.It breeds on open grassland in Russia and Kazakhstan. Three to five eggs are laid in a ground nest...

    )
  13. Rhodonessa caryophyllacea (Pink-headed Duck
    Pink-headed Duck
    The Pink-headed Duck is a large diving duck that was once found in parts of the Gangetic plains of India, Bangladesh and in the riverine swamps of Myanmar but feared extinct since the 1950s. Numerous searches have failed to provide any proof of continued existence...

    )


Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians and Fishes
  1. Anoxypristis cuspidata (Knifetooth sawfish
    Knifetooth sawfish
    The knifetooth sawfish , also known as the pointed sawfish or narrow sawfish, is a sawfish of the family Pristidae, found in the shallow coastal waters and estuaries of the Indo-West Pacific, ranging from the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to southern Japan, Papua New Guinea and northern Australia...

    )
  2. Batagur baska
    Batagur baska
    The northern river terrapin , also called giant river turtle or mangrove terrapin is a species of riverine turtle. It is one of the most critically endangered turtle species according to a 2003 assessment by the IUCN...

     (Four-toed Terrapin)
  3. Batagur kachuga (Red-crowned Roofed Turtle)
  4. Biswamoyopterus biswasi (Namdapha Flying Squirrel
    Namdapha flying squirrel
    The Namdapha Flying Squirrel , the sole species placed in the genus Biswamoyopterus, is an arboreal, nocturnal flying squirrel endemic to India, and is listed as a critically endangered species due to habitat loss. First collected in Deban , no population estimates are available for B...

    )
  5. Carcharhinus hemiodon (Pondicherry shark
    Pondicherry shark
    The Pondicherry shark is a very rare and little-known species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. It is mostly found in coastal and possibly brackish waters around the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. This shark is small and stocky, with a rather long snout and a large first dorsal fin...

    )
  6. Cremnomys elvira (Large Rock-rat)
  7. Crocidura andamanensis (Andaman White-toothed Shrew)
  8. Crocidura jenkinsi (Jenkin's Shrew
    Jenkin's Shrew
    The Jenkin's Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is endemic to India.. Downloaded on 30 July 2007.-Source:* Chakraborty, S., Pradhan, M.S. & Subramanian, K.A. 2002....

    ), Endemic to India.
  9. Crocidura nicobarica (Nicobar Shrew
    Nicobar Shrew
    The Nicobar Shrew or Nicobar White-tailed Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is endemic to India.-Source:...

    )
  10. Dermochelys coriacea (Leatherback)
  11. Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Sumatran Rhinoceros
    Sumatran Rhinoceros
    The Sumatran Rhinoceros is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses. It is the only extant species of the genus Dicerorhinus. It is the smallest rhinoceros, although is still a large mammal. This rhino stands high at the shoulder, with a head-and-body length of ...

    )
  12. Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill Turtle
    Hawksbill turtle
    The hawksbill sea turtle is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae. It is the only extant species in its genus. The species has a worldwide distribution, with Atlantic and Pacific subspecies. E. imbricata imbricata is the Atlantic subspecies, while E...

    )
  13. Fejervarya murthii
    Fejervarya murthii
    Fejervarya murthii is a species of frog found in Asia....

  14. Gavialis gangeticus (Fish-eating crocodile)
  15. Glyphis gangeticus (Ganges Shark
    Ganges shark
    The Ganges shark is a rare species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River of India. It should not be confused with the Bull shark, which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark....

    ), Endemic to India.
  16. Indirana gundia
    Indirana gundia
    Indirana gundia is a species of frog found in the Western Ghats of India.Since 2010, it is never been seen and may be extinct....

  17. Indirana phrynoderma
    Indirana phrynoderma
    Indirana phrynoderma is a species of frog found in the Western Ghats of India....

  18. Ingerana charlesdarwini
  19. Labeo potail
    Labeo potail
    Labeo potail is fish in genus Labeo....

     (Deccan Labeo)
  20. Micrixalus kottigeharensis
    Micrixalus kottigeharensis
    Micrixalus kottigeharensis is a species of frog in the Ranidae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and rivers.It is threatened by habitat loss....

  21. Millardia kondana (Kondana Rat)
  22. Philautus chalazodes
    Philautus chalazodes
    Philautus chalazodes is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

  23. Philautus griet
    Philautus griet
    Philautus griet is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montanes, plantations , and heavily degraded former forest.It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

  24. Philautus ponmudi
    Philautus ponmudi
    Philautus ponmudi is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montanes.It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

  25. Philautus sanctisilvaticus
    Philautus sanctisilvaticus
    Philautus sanctisilvaticus is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

  26. Philautus shillongensis
    Philautus shillongensis
    Philautus shillongensis is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

  27. Philautus sp. nov. 'Amboli Forest'
    Philautus sp. nov. 'Amboli Forest'
    Philautus sp. nov. 'Amboli Forest' is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.It is threatened by habitat loss....

  28. Philautus sp. nov. 'Munnar'
    Philautus sp. nov. 'Munnar'
    Philautus sp. nov. 'Munnar' is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family endemic to India.Its natural habitat is heavily degraded former forest. The species is threatened by anthropogenic habitat loss.-References:...

  29. Porcula salvania (Pygmy Hog
    Pygmy Hog
    Pygmy hog is an endangered species of small wild pig, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan but now only found in Assam. The current world population is about 150 individuals or fewer...

     or Sus salvanius)
  30. Pristis microdon (Leichhardt's sawfish)
  31. Pristis zijsron (Narrowsnout sawfish)
  32. Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus
    Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus
    Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family.It is endemic to India. It is a type of or the Parachuting frog which can descend aerially, but at angles sharper than 45 degrees....

  33. Rhinoceros sondaicus (Javan Rhinoceros
    Javan Rhinoceros
    The Javan Rhinoceros or Lesser One-horned Rhinoceros is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses...

    )
  34. Viverra civettina (Malabar Large-spotted Civet)

Endangered


:
  • Andaman Shrew
    Andaman Shrew
    The Andaman Shrew or Andaman White-toothed Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is endemic to India....

     (Crocidura andamanensis). (Endemic to India)
  • Andaman Spiny Shrew (Crocidura hispida). (Endemic to India)
  • Asian Arowana
    Asian arowana
    The Asian arowana comprises several varieties of freshwater fish in the genus Scleropages. Some sources differentiate these varieties into multiple species, while others consider the different strains to belong to a single species, Scleropages formosus...

     (Scleropages formosus
  • Asiatic Black Bear
    Asiatic Black Bear
    The Asian black bear , also known as the moon bear or white-chested bear is a medium-sized species of bear, largely adapted for arboreal life, which occurs through much of southern Asia, Korea, northeastern China, the Russian far east and Honshū and Shikoku islands of Japan...

     (Selenarctos thibetanus)
  • Asiatic Lion
    Asiatic Lion
    The Asiatic lion also known as the Indian lion, Persian lion and Eurasian Lion is a subspecies of lion. The only place in the wild where the lion is found is in the Gir Forest of Gujarat, India...

     (Panthera leo persica)
  • Asiatic Wild Dog/ Dhole
    Dhole
    The dhole is a species of canid native to South and Southeast Asia. It is the only extant member of the genus Cuon, which differs from Canis by the reduced number of molars and greater number of teats...

     (Cuon alpinus)
  • Banteng
    Banteng
    The banteng , also known as tembadau, is a species of wild cattle found in Southeast Asia.Banteng have been domesticated in several places in Southeast Asia, and there are around 1.5 million domestic banteng, which are called Bali cattle. These animals are used as working animals and for their meat...

     (Bos javanicus)
  • Blue Whale
    Blue Whale
    The blue whale is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales . At in length and or more in weight, it is the largest known animal to have ever existed....

      (Balaenoptera musculus)
  • Capped Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus pileatus)
  • Chiru (Tibetan Antelope
    Tibetan antelope
    The Tibetan antelope or chiru is a medium-sized bovid which is about in height at the shoulder. It is the sole species in the genus Pantholops and is placed in its own subfamily, Pantholopinae...

    ) (Pantholops hodgsonii)
  • Wild Cat
    Wild cat
    The wildcat is a small cat with several subspecies and a very broad distribution, found throughout most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. It is a hunter of small mammals, birds, and other creatures of a similar or smaller size. Sometimes included is...

     (Felis silvestris ornata)
  • Fin Whale
    Fin Whale
    The fin whale , also called the finback whale, razorback, or common rorqual, is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. It is the second longest whale and the sixth largest living animal after the blue whale, bowhead whale, and right whales, growing to nearly 27 metres long...

     (Balaenoptera physalus)
  • Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)
  • Golden Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus geei)
  • Great Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)
  • Hispid Hare
    Hispid Hare
    The Hispid hare Caprolagus hispidus, also called Assam rabbit is a leporid native to South Asia, whose historic range extended along the southern foothills of the Himalayas. Today, the habitat of hispid hares is highly fragmented with an area of occupancy of less than extending over an estimated...

     (Caprolagus hispidus)
  • Hoolock Gibbon
    Hoolock gibbon
    The hoolock gibbons , also known as hoolocks, are two primate species from the family of the gibbons .Hoolocks are the second largest of the gibbons, after the Siamang. They reach a size of 60 to 90 cm and weigh 6 to 9 kg...

     (Bunipithecus hoolock) (Previously Hylobates hoolock).
  • Indian Elephant
    Indian Elephant
    The Indian Elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to mainland Asia. Since 1986, Elephas maximus has been listed as endangered by IUCN as the population has declined by at least 50% over the last three generations, estimated to be 60–75 years...

     or Asian Elephant
    Asian Elephant
    The Asian or Asiatic elephant is the only living species of the genus Elephas and distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognized — Elephas maximus maximus from Sri Lanka, the Indian elephant or E. m. indicus from mainland Asia, and E. m....

     (Elephas maximus)
  • Indus River Dolphin
    Indus River dolphin
    The Indus River dolphin is a sub-species of freshwater or river dolphin found in the Indus River of Pakistan...

     (Platanista minor).
  • Kashmir Stag
    Kashmir stag
    The Kashmir stag , also called hangul, is a subspecies of Red Deer native to northern Pakistan and India, especially in Jammu and Kashmir where it is the state animal.-Description:...

    / Hangul
    Hangul
    Hangul,Pronounced or ; Korean: 한글 Hangeul/Han'gŭl or 조선글 Chosŏn'gŭl/Joseongeul the Korean alphabet, is the native alphabet of the Korean language. It is a separate script from Hanja, the logographic Chinese characters which are also sometimes used to write Korean...

     (Cervus elaphus hanglu)
  • Kondana Soft-furred Rat
    Kondana Soft-furred Rat
    The Kondana Soft-furred Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found only in India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, and urban areas....

     (Millardia kondana). (Endemic to India).
  • Lion-tailed Macaque
    Lion-tailed Macaque
    The lion-tailed macaque is an Old World monkey that is endemic to the Western Ghats of South India.-Physical Characteristics:...

     (Macaca silenus). (Endemic to India).
  • Loggerhead Sea Turtle
    Loggerhead Sea Turtle
    The loggerhead sea turtle , or loggerhead, is an oceanic turtle distributed throughout the world. It is a marine reptile, belonging to the family Cheloniidae. The average loggerhead measures around long when fully grown, although larger specimens of up to have been discovered...

     (Caretta caretta).
  • Malabar Civet
    Malabar Civet
    The Malabar Large-spotted Civet , is a civet. It is also known as the Malabar Civet and called Jawadi Veruku - ജാവാദി വെരുകു് in Malayalam and Chirathe Bekku in Kannada. The species was once common along the lowland coastal tracts of Kerala and Karnataka in South India...

     (Viverra civettina)
  • Markhor
    Markhor
    The Markhor is a large species of wild goat that is found in northeastern Afghanistan, Pakistan , India, southern Tajikistan and southern Uzbekistan...

     (Capra falconeri).
  • Marsh Mongoose
    Marsh Mongoose
    The Marsh Mongoose, or Water Mongoose, is a medium-sized mammal but a large mongoose. Weight can range from , with an average range of . From the head to the base of the tail, these animals range from , with the tail adding . It is a member of the mongoose family and the only member of its genus...

     (Herpestes palustris). (Endemic to India.) (Previously considered to be a subspecies of Herpestes javanicus).
  • Narcondam Hornbill
    Narcondam Hornbill
    The Narcondam Hornbill is a species of hornbill in the Bucerotidae family. It is endemic to the Indian island of Narcondam in the Andamans. Males and females have distinct plumages.-Description:...

     (“Rhyticeros narcondami”)
  • Nicobar Shrew
    Nicobar Shrew
    The Nicobar Shrew or Nicobar White-tailed Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is endemic to India.-Source:...

     (Crocidura nicobarica). (Endemic to India).
  • Nicobar Tree Shrew (Tupaia nicobarica). (Endemic to India).
  • Nilgiri Leaf Monkey (Presbytis johni)
  • Nilgiri Tahr
    Nilgiri Tahr
    The Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiritragus hylocrius, known locally as the Nilgiri Ibex or simply Ibex, is an ungulate that is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in southern India. It is the state animal of Tamil Nadu...

     (Hemitragus hylocrius). (Endemic to India).
  • Olive Ridley Turtle. (Endemic to Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, India)
  • Particolored Flying Squirrel
    Particolored Flying Squirrel
    The Particolored Flying Squirrel is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss....

      (Hylopetes alboniger).
  • Peter's Tube-nosed Bat
    Peter's Tube-nosed Bat
    Peter's Tube-nosed Bat is a species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family, found in South Asia. They have tube-shaped nostrils which assist them with their feeding. They are brown with white-yellow and underparts and have specks of orange around their neck...

     (Murina grisea). (Endemic to India).
  • Pygmy Hog
    Pygmy Hog
    Pygmy hog is an endangered species of small wild pig, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan but now only found in Assam. The current world population is about 150 individuals or fewer...

     (Sus salvanius)
  • Red Panda
    Red Panda
    The red panda , is a small arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. It is the only species of the genus Ailurus. Slightly larger than a domestic cat, it has reddish-brown fur, a long, shaggy tail, and a waddling gait due to its shorter front legs...

     (Lesser Panda) (Ailurus fulgens).
  • Royal Bengal Tiger
    Tiger
    The tiger is the largest cat species, reaching a total body length of up to and weighing up to . Their most recognizable feature is a pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with lighter underparts...

     (Panthera tigris tigris).
  • Sei Whale
    Sei Whale
    The sei whale , Balaenoptera borealis, is a baleen whale, the third-largest rorqual after the blue whale and the fin whale. It inhabits most oceans and adjoining seas, and prefers deep offshore waters. It avoids polar and tropical waters and semi-enclosed bodies of water...

     (Balaenoptera borealis).
  • Servant Mouse
    Servant Mouse
    The Servant Mouse or Bonhote's mouse, is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found only in India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland....

      (Mus famulus). (Endemic to India).
  • Snow Leopard
    Snow Leopard
    The snow leopard is a moderately large cat native to the mountain ranges of South Asia and Central Asia...

     (Uncia uncia).
  • Wild Water Buffalo
    Wild Asian Water Buffalo
    The wild water buffalo also called Asian buffalo and Asiatic buffalo is a large bovine native to Southeast Asia...

     (Bubalus bubalis). (Previously Bubalus arnee).
  • Woolly Flying Squirrel
    Woolly Flying Squirrel
    The Woolly Flying Squirrel is the sole species placed in the genus Eupetaurus. Until recently scientific knowledge of this rare species was limited to 11 skins collected in the late nineteenth century. However, recent research has confirmed that it is still extant in Pakistani Kashmir...

     (Eupetaurus cinereus).

Vulnerable


:
  • Andaman Horseshoe Bat
    Andaman Horseshoe Bat
    The Andaman Horseshoe Bat is a species of bat in the Rhinolophidae family. It is endemic to India. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical swamps.-References:* Participants of CBSG CAMP Workshop:...

     (Rhinolophus cognatus). (Endemic to India.)
  • Andaman Rat
    Andaman Rat
    The Andaman Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found only in the Andaman Islands.-References:* CBSG CAMP Workshop, India 2000. . Downloaded on 20 July 2007....

     (Rattus stoicus). (Endemic to India.)
  • Argali
    Argali
    The argali, or the mountain sheep is a wild sheep, which roams the highlands of Central Asia . It is the biggest wild sheep, standing at the shoulder, measuring long and weighing , with a maximum known weight of...

     (Ovis ammon).
  • Himalayan W-toothed Shrew
    Asian Gray Shrew
    The Asian Gray Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is found in Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam....

     (Crocidura attenuate)
  • Sri Lankan Highland Shrew
    Asian Highland Shrew
    The Asian Highland Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is found in India and Sri Lanka. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

     (Suncus montanus).
  • Asiatic Black Bear
    Asiatic Black Bear
    The Asian black bear , also known as the moon bear or white-chested bear is a medium-sized species of bear, largely adapted for arboreal life, which occurs through much of southern Asia, Korea, northeastern China, the Russian far east and Honshū and Shikoku islands of Japan...

     (Ursus thibetanus).
  • Asiatic Golden Cat
    Asiatic Golden Cat
    The Asian Golden Cat , also called the Asiatic Golden Cat and Temminck's Golden Cat, is a medium-sized wild cat of Southeastern Asia...

     (Catopuma temminckii).
  • Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis).
  • Back-striped Weasel (Mustela strigidorsa).
  • Barasingha
    Barasingha
    The Barasingha or Swamp deer is a deer species currently found in isolated localities in north and central India, and southwestern Nepal, and is extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh....

     (Cervus duvauceli).
  • Bare-bellied Hedgehog
    Bare-bellied Hedgehog
    The Bare-bellied Hedgehog , also known as the Madras Hedgehog, is a species of hedgehog that is endemic to dry scrubby areas in south-eastern India. As it was believed to be rare, it was formerly listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN...

     (Hemiechinus nudiventris). (Endemic to India.)
  • Blackbuck
    Blackbuck
    Blackbuck is a species of antelope native to the Indian subcontinent. Their range decreased sharply during the 20th century. Since 2003, the IUCN lists the species as near threatened....

     (Antilope cervicapra).
  • Brow-antlered Deer (Cervus eldi eldi)
  • Brown Bear
    Brown Bear
    The brown bear is a large bear distributed across much of northern Eurasia and North America. It can weigh from and its largest subspecies, the Kodiak Bear, rivals the polar bear as the largest member of the bear family and as the largest land-based predator.There are several recognized...

     (Ursus arctos)
  • Brown fish owl
    Brown Fish Owl
    The Brown Fish Owl is an owl. This species is a part of the family known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most living owls. It inhabits the warm subtropical and humid tropical parts of continental Asia and some offshore islands.The four fish owls were previously generally separated in...

     (Ketupa zeylonensis). (Endemic to India.)
  • Brown Palm Civet
    Brown Palm Civet
    Brown Palm Civet also called the Jerdon's Palm Civet is a civet endemic to the Western Ghats of India. There are two subspecies, the nominate P. j. jerdoni and P. j. caniscus...

     (Paradoxurus jerdoni)
  • Central Kashmir Vole
    Central Kashmir Vole
    The Central Kashmir Vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae.It is found only in India and Pakistan....

     (Alticola montosa). (Endemic to India.)
  • Clouded Leopard
    Clouded Leopard
    The clouded leopard is a felid found from the Himalayan foothills through mainland Southeast Asia into China, and has been classified as vulnerable in 2008 by IUCN...

     (Neofelis nebulosa).
  • Day's Shrew
    Day's Shrew
    The Day's Shrew is a species of mammal in the Soricidae family. It is endemic to India. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.-Source:...

     (Suncus dayi). (Endemic to India.)
  • Dhole
    Dhole
    The dhole is a species of canid native to South and Southeast Asia. It is the only extant member of the genus Cuon, which differs from Canis by the reduced number of molars and greater number of teats...

     (Cuon alpines).
  • Dugong
    Dugong
    The dugong is a large marine mammal which, together with the manatees, is one of four living species of the order Sirenia. It is the only living representative of the once-diverse family Dugongidae; its closest modern relative, Steller's sea cow , was hunted to extinction in the 18th century...

     (Dugong dugon).
  • Eld's Deer
    Eld's Deer
    Eld's Deer , also known as the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is an endangered species of deer indigenous to southeastern Asia. The species was first discovered by westerners in Manipur in India in 1839. The original scientific name Cervus eldi was coined in 1844 in honour of Lt. Percy Eld – a...

     (Cervus eldi).
  • Elvira Rat
    Elvira Rat
    The Elvira Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found only in India.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.-References:* CBSG CAMP Workshop, India 2000. . Downloaded on 9 July 2007....

     (Cremnomys Elvira). (Endemic to India.)
  • European Otter
    European Otter
    The European Otter , also known as the Eurasian otter, Eurasian river otter, common otter and Old World otter, is a European and Asian member of the Lutrinae or otter subfamily, and is typical of freshwater otters....

    (also known as Eurasian Otter) (Lutra lutra)
  • Fishing Cat
    Fishing Cat
    The Fishing Cat is a medium-sized wild cat of South and Southeast Asia. In 2008, the IUCN classified the fishing cat as endangered since they are concentrated primarily in wetland habitats, which are increasingly being settled, degraded and converted...

     (Prionailurus viverrinus).
  • Four-horned Antelope
    Four-horned Antelope
    The Four-horned Antelope , or Chousingha, is a small antelope found in open forest in India and Nepal. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus.-Description:...

     (Tetracerus quadricornis).
  • Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
  • Gaur
    Gaur
    The gaur , also called Indian bison, is a large bovine native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The species is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1986 as the population decline in parts of the species' range is likely to be well over 70% over the last three generations...

     (Bos gaurus).
  • Golden Jackal
    Golden Jackal
    The golden jackal , also known as the common jackal, Asiatic jackal, thos or gold-wolf is a Canid of the genus Canis indigenous to north and northeastern Africa, southeastern and central Europe , Asia Minor, the Middle East and southeast Asia...

     (Canis aureus)
  • Goral
    Goral
    Goral may refer to:* Three species of Asian ungulates in the genus Naemorhedus.* The Gorals, a people living in southern Poland, northern Slovakia and the Czech Republic....

     (Nemorhaedus goral)
  • Himalayan Musk Deer
    Himalayan Musk Deer
    The Himalayan Musk Deer is a species of musk deer. It used to be considered a subspecies of the Alpine musk deer.It is found in parts of northern Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, and in northern parts of India such as Kashmir, Kumaon and Sikkim. It inhabits high alpine environments,...

     (Moschus chrysogaster)
  • Himalayan Shrew (Soriculus nigrescens)
  • Himalayan Tahr
    Himalayan Tahr
    The Himalayan Tahr or Common Thar is a large ungulate related to the wild goat.-Habitat:...

     (Hemitragus jemlahicus).
  • Humpback Whale
    Humpback Whale
    The humpback whale is a species of baleen whale. One of the larger rorqual species, adults range in length from and weigh approximately . The humpback has a distinctive body shape, with unusually long pectoral fins and a knobbly head. It is an acrobatic animal, often breaching and slapping the...

     (Megaptera novaeangliae).
  • Indian Fox (Vulpes bengalensis)
  • Indian Giant Squirrel
    Indian Giant Squirrel
    The Indian giant squirrel, or Malabar giant squirrel, is a large tree squirrel species genus Ratufa native to India. It is a large-bodied diurnal, arboreal, and herbivorous squirrel found in South Asia.-Description:...

     (Ratufa indica). (Endemic to India.)
  • Indian Wolf
    Indian Wolf
    Indian wolf and Iranian Wolf are two common names for Canis lupus pallipes, a subspecies of grey wolf which inhabits western India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and southern Israel. Some experts have suggested at least some C. lupus pallipes populations be re-classified a canid species...

     (Canis lupus indica)
  • Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus).
  • Jerdon's Palm Civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni). (Endemic to India.)
  • Kashmir Cave Bat
    Kashmir Cave Bat
    The Kashmir Cave Bat is a species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family.It is found in Afghanistan, India, Nepal, and possibly Vietnam.-References:* Chiroptera Specialist Group 2000. . Downloaded on 19 July 2007....

     (Myotis longipes).
  • Kerala Rat
    Kerala Rat
    The Kerala Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found only in India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland and swamps.-References:...

     (Rattus ranjiniae). (Endemic to India.)
  • Khajuria's Leaf-nosed Bat
    Khajuria's Leaf-nosed Bat
    The Khajuria's Leaf-nosed Bat is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae. It is endemic to India. Its natural habitat is caves. It is threatened by habitat loss.-Source:...

     (Hipposideros durgadasi). (Endemic to India.)
  • Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat
    Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat
    The Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae. It is endemic to India. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and caves. It is threatened by habitat loss.-Source:...

     (Hipposideros hypophyllus). (Endemic to India.)
  • Lesser Horseshoe Bat
    Lesser horseshoe bat
    The Lesser Horseshoe Bat , is a type of European bat related to but smaller than its cousin, the Greater Horseshoe Bat...

     (Rhinolophus hipposideros).
  • Lesser Panda
    Red Panda
    The red panda , is a small arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. It is the only species of the genus Ailurus. Slightly larger than a domestic cat, it has reddish-brown fur, a long, shaggy tail, and a waddling gait due to its shorter front legs...

     (Ailurus fulgens)
  • Mainland Serow
    Mainland Serow
    The Mainland Serow is a species of goat antelope native to China and Southeast Asia. The name "mainland serow" was formerly referring to Capricornis sumatraensis, which used to be the scientific name for all serows in the mainland and Sumatra when they were all considered to be the same species...

     (Capricornis sumatraensis).
  • Malayan Porcupine
    Malayan Porcupine
    The Malayan Porcupine or Himalayan Porcupine is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Three subspecies are extant in South and South-east Asia.-Geographical distribution:...

     (Hystrix brachyuran).
  • Mandelli's Mouse-eared Bat
    Mandelli's Mouse-eared Bat
    Mandelli's Mouse-Eared Bat is a species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family.It can be found in the following countries: India and Nepal.It is found in subtropical or tropical moist montanes....

     (Myotis sicarius).
  • Marbled Cat
    Marbled Cat
    The Marbled Cat is a small wild cat of South and Southeast Asia. Since 2002 it has been listed as vulnerable by IUCN as it occurs at low densities, and its total effective population size is suspected to be fewer than 10,000 mature individuals, with no single population numbering more than...

     (Pardofelis marmorata).
  • Mouflon
    Mouflon
    The mouflon is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis aries. Populations of Ovis aries can be partitioned into the mouflons and urials or arkars...

     (or Urial
    Urial
    The Urial , also known as the Arkars or Shapo, is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis orientalis. Noticeable features are the reddish-brown long fur that fades during winter; males are characterized by a black ruff stretching from the neck to the chest and large horns. It is found in western...

    ) (Ovis orientalis).
  • Nicobar Flying Fox
    Nicobar Flying Fox
    The Nicobar Flying Fox is a species of megabat in the Pteropodidae family. It is endemic to India. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss.-Source:* Participants of CBSG CAMP Workshop: Status of...

     (Pteropus faunulus). (Endemic to India.)
  • Nilgiri Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus johnii). (Endemic to India.)
  • Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii). (Endemic to India.)
  • Nonsense Rat
    Nonsense Rat
    The Nonsense Rat, Nicobar Archipelago Rat, or Miller's Nicobar Rat is endemic to the Nicobar Islands in India. It is currently listed as an endangered species . The Nonsense Rat was first described in 1902 by Miller....

     (Rattus burrus). (Endemic to India.)
  • Asiatic Wild Ass
    Onager
    The Onager is a large member of the genus Equus of the family Equidae native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, Pakistan, India, Israel and Tibet...

     (Equus hemionus).
  • Pale Grey Shrew (Crocidura pergrisea). (Endemic to India.)
  • Palm Rat
    Palm Rat
    The Palm Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found only in India.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.-References:...

     (Rattus palmarum). (Endemic to India.)
  • Red Goral
    Red Goral
    The Red Goral is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Bovidae family. It is found in China, India, and Myanmar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland. It is threatened by habitat loss.The red goral is a bright foxy-red...

     (Naemorhedus baileyi).
  • Rock Eagle-owl (Bubo bengalensis). (Endemic to India.)
  • Rusty-spotted Cat
    Rusty-spotted Cat
    The Rusty-spotted Cat is the cat family's smallest member and found only in India and Sri Lanka. It has been listed as Vulnerable by IUCN in 2002 as the total effective population size is below 10,000 mature individuals, with a declining trend due to habitat loss, and no subpopulation containing...

     (Prionailurus rubiginosus).
  • Sikkim Rat
    Sikkim Rat
    The Sikkim Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.It is found in Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam. The rat's coloring is brownish upperparts and a white underside...

     (Rattus sikkimensis).
  • Sloth Bear
    Sloth Bear
    The sloth bear , also known as the labiated bear, is a nocturnal insectivorous species of bear found wild within the Indian subcontinent. The sloth bear evolved from ancestral brown bears during the Pleistocene and shares features found in insect-eating mammals through convergent evolution...

     (Melursus ursinus).
  • Slow Loris
    Slow loris
    Slow lorises are a group of five species of strepsirrhine primates which make up the genus Nycticebus. Found in South and Southeast Asia, they range from Northeast India in the west to the Philippines in the east, and from the Yunnan province in China in the north to the island of Java in the south...

     (Loris tardigradus).
  • Smooth-coated Otter
    Smooth-coated Otter
    The Smooth-coated Otter is a species of otter, the only extant representative of the genus Lutrogale. The species is found from southern Pakistan and parts of the India east to Southeast Asia, and there is a disjunct population in Iraq...

     (Lutrogale perspicillata). (Previously Lutra perspicillata.)
  • Sperm Whale
    Sperm Whale
    The sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus, is a marine mammal species, order Cetacea, a toothed whale having the largest brain of any animal. The name comes from the milky-white waxy substance, spermaceti, found in the animal's head. The sperm whale is the only living member of genus Physeter...

     (Physeter macrocephalus).
  • Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura).
  • Stumptail Macaque (Macaca arctoides).
  • Takin
    Takin
    The Takin , also called cattle chamois or gnu goat, is a goat-antelope found in the Eastern Himalayas. There are four subspecies: B. taxicolor taxicolor, the Mishmi Takin; B. taxicolor bedfordi, the Shanxi or Golden Takin; B. taxicolor tibetana, the Tibetan or Sichuan Takin; and B. taxicolor...

     (Budorcas taxicolor).
  • Wild Goat
    Wild Goat
    The wild goat is a widespread species of goat, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to central Asia and the Middle East. It is the ancestor of the domestic goat.-Social structure:...

     (Capra aegagrus).
  • Wild Yak (Bos grunniens).
  • Tiger
    Tiger
    The tiger is the largest cat species, reaching a total body length of up to and weighing up to . Their most recognizable feature is a pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with lighter underparts...

  • Asiatic Lions

Threatened


:
  • Indian Wild Ass
    Indian Wild Ass
    The Indian wild ass also called khur, is a subspecies of the Onager native to Southern Asia.-Description:The Indian wild ass, as with most other Asian wild ass subspecies, is quite different from the African species. The coat is usually sandy, but varies from reddish grey, fawn, to pale chestnut...

     (Equus hemionus khur)
  • Leopard
    Leopard
    The leopard , Panthera pardus, is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion, and jaguar. The leopard was once distributed across eastern and southern Asia and Africa, from Siberia to South Africa, but its...

     (Panthera pardus)
  • Red Fox
    Red Fox
    The red fox is the largest of the true foxes, as well as being the most geographically spread member of the Carnivora, being distributed across the entire northern hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, Central America, and the steppes of Asia...

     (Vulpes vulpes montana)
  • Kashmir Stag
    Kashmir stag
    The Kashmir stag , also called hangul, is a subspecies of Red Deer native to northern Pakistan and India, especially in Jammu and Kashmir where it is the state animal.-Description:...

      (Praygnaa)
  • Black Buck
    Black Buck
    For the mammal, see Blackbuck. For the RAF operation, see Operation Black Buck.In post-Reconstruction United States, Black Buck was a racial slur used to describe a certain type of African American men...

    (Uttar Pradesh)