Bakerian Lecture

Bakerian Lecture

Encyclopedia
The Bakerian Lecture is a prize lecture of the Royal Society
Royal Society
The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science, and is possibly the oldest such society in existence. Founded in November 1660, it was granted a Royal Charter by King Charles II as the "Royal Society of London"...

, a lecture on physical sciences.

In 1775 Henry Baker
Henry Baker (naturalist)
Henry Baker was an English naturalist.-Life:He was born in Chancery Lane, London, 8 May 1698, the son of William Baker, a clerk in chancery. In his fifteenth year he was apprenticed to John Parker, a bookseller...

 left £100 for a spoken lecture by a Fellow on such part of natural history
Natural history
Natural history is the scientific research of plants or animals, leaning more towards observational rather than experimental methods of study, and encompasses more research published in magazines than in academic journals. Grouped among the natural sciences, natural history is the systematic study...

 or experimental philosophy
Experimental philosophy
Experimental philosophy is an emerging field of philosophical inquiry that makes use of empirical data—often gathered through surveys which probe the intuitions of ordinary people—in order to inform research on philosophical questions This use of empirical data is widely seen as opposed to a...

 as the Society shall determine.

21st Century

  • 2011 Herbert Huppert
    Herbert Huppert
    Herbert Eric Huppert is an Australian-born geophysicist living in Britain. He has been Professor of Theoretical Geophysics and Foundation Director, Institute of Theoretical Geophysics, Cambridge University, since 1989 and Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, since 1970.He was born and received...

     Carbon storage: caught between a rock and climate change
  • 2010 Donal Bradley
    Donal Bradley
    Donal Donat Conor Bradley, CBE, FRS, FRSA, is Lee-Lucas Professor of Experimental Physics at Imperial College London. He is director of the Centre for Plastic Electronics and from October 2011 will also be a pro rector at the college....

    , Plastic electronics: their science and applications
  • 2009 James Murray
    James D. Murray
    James Dickson Murray FRS, is Professor Emeritus of applied mathematics at University of Washington and University of Oxford.Educated at St. Andrews University where he received with honours a Bachelor Degree in...

    , Mathematics in the real world: From brain tumours to saving marriages.
  • 2008 Robin Clark, Raman microscopy, pigments and the arts/science interface
  • 2007 Joseph Silk, The dark side of the Universe
  • 2006 Athene Donald
    Athene Donald
    Dame Athene Margaret Donald, DBE, FRS is a distinguished British physicist. She is Professor of Experimental Physics in the University of Cambridge's Department of Physics, and a member of the ....

    , The mesoscopic world - from plastic bags to brain disease - structual similarities in physics
  • 2005 John Pendry
    John Pendry
    Sir John Brian Pendry, FRS FInstP is an English theoretical physicist known for his research into refractive indexes and creation of the first practical "Invisibility Cloak"...

    , Negative refraction, the perfect lens and metamaterials
  • 2004 Michael Pepper
    Michael Pepper
    Sir Michael Pepper FRS FInstP is a British physicist notable for his work in semiconductor nanostructures.-Education:Sir Michael went to school at St Marylebone Grammar, then gained a BSc and PhD from the University of Reading and an MA and ScD from Cambridge University.-Career:Sir Michael was a...

    , Semiconductor nanostructures and new quantum effects
  • 2003 Christopher Dobson
    Chris Dobson
    Christopher Martin "Chris" Dobson, FRS, is a British chemist, John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Chemical and Structural Biology at the University of Cambridge, and Master of St John's College, Cambridge. Dobson's research is largely concerned with protein folding and misfolding.Having completed a...

    , Protein folding and misfolding: from theory to therapy
  • 2002 Arnold Wolfendale
    Arnold Wolfendale
    Sir Arnold Whittaker Wolfendale FRS is a British astronomer who served as Astronomer Royal from 1991 to 1995.-Early life:...

    , Cosmic rays: what are they and where do they come from?
  • 2001 David Sherrington
    David Sherrington
    David Sherrington is a former English cricketer. Sherrington was a right-handed batsman who played primarily as a wicketkeeper. He was born in Easington, County Durham....

    , Magnets, microchips, memories and markets: statistical physics of complex systems.

20th Century

  • 2000 Steve Sparks
    Steve Sparks (volcanologist)
    Robert Stephen John Sparks, FRS, CBE , is Chaning Wills Professor of Geology in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Bristol. He is one of the world's leading volcanologists and has been widely recognised for his work in this field.-Career:Steve Sparks is a graduate of Imperial...

    , How volcanoes work.
  • 1999 Peter Day, The molecular chemistry of magnets and superconductors.
  • 1998 Richard Ellis
    Richard Ellis (astronomer)
    Richard Salisbury Ellis CBE FRS is the Steele Professor of Astronomy at the California Institute of Technology ....

    , The morphological evolution of the galaxies.
  • 1997 Steven Ley, Sweet dreams: new strategies for oligosaccharide assembly.
  • 1996 Alastair Ian Scott, Genetically engineered synthesis of natural products.
  • 1995 Anthony Kelly, Composites, towards intelligent materials design.
  • 1994 John Polanyi, Photochemistry in the adsorbed state, using light as a scalpel and a crystal as an operating table.
  • 1993 Hans Bethe
    Hans Bethe
    Hans Albrecht Bethe was a German-American nuclear physicist, and Nobel laureate in physics for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis. A versatile theoretical physicist, Bethe also made important contributions to quantum electrodynamics, nuclear physics, solid-state physics and...

    , Mechanism of supernovae.
  • 1992 Thomas Benjamin
    Thomas Benjamin
    Thomas Brooke Benjamin, FRS was an Englishmathematical physicist and mathematician, best known for his work in mathematical analysis and fluid mechanics, especially in applications of nonlinear differential equations...

    , The mystery of vortex breakdown.
  • 1991 John Houghton
    John T. Houghton
    As co-chair of the IPCC, he defends the IPCC process, in particular against charges of failure to consider non-CO2 explanations of climate change. In evidence to, the Select Committee on Science and Technology in 2000 he said:...

    , The predictability of weather and climate.
  • 1990 John Meurig Thomas
    John Meurig Thomas
    Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS is a leading British chemist and educator primarily known for his work on heterogeneous catalysis, solid-state chemistry, and surface and materials science. He has authored over one thousand scientific articles and several books, including Principles and Practice of...

    , New microcrystalline catalysts.
  • 1989 Jack Lewis, Cluster compounds, a new aspect of inorganic chemistry.
  • 1988 Walter Eric Spear
    Walter Eric Spear
    Walter Eric Spear FRSE PhD FRS FInstP was a German physicist noted for his pioneering work to help develop large area electronics and thin film displays...

    , Amorphous semiconductors, a new generation of electronic materials.
  • 1987 Michael Victor Berry, The semiclassical chaology of quantum eigenvalues.
  • 1986 Walter Heinrich Munk, Acoustic monitoring of ocean gyres.
  • 1985 Carlo Rubbia
    Carlo Rubbia
    Carlo Rubbia Knight Grand Cross is an Italian particle physicist and inventor who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984 with Simon van der Meer for work leading to the discovery of the W and Z particles at CERN.-Biography:...

    , Unification of the electromagnetic and weak forces.
  • 1984 Alan Rushton Battersby, Biosynthesis of the pigments of life.
  • 1983 Alfred Edward Ringwood, The Earths core: its composition, formation and bearing upon the origin of the earth.
  • 1982 Martin John Rees, Galaxies and their nuclei.
  • 1981 Robert Joseph Paton Williams
    Robert Joseph Paton Williams
    Robert Joseph Paton Williams MBE FRS is an English chemist and an Emeritus Fellow at Wadham College as well as an Emeritus Professor at the University of Oxford. He was elected Fellow of The Royal Society in 1972 and is a Foreign Member of the Swedish, Portuguese, Czechoslovakian and Belgian...

    , Natural selection of the chemical elements.
  • 1980 Abdus Salam
    Abdus Salam
    Mohammad Abdus Salam, NI, SPk Mohammad Abdus Salam, NI, SPk Mohammad Abdus Salam, NI, SPk (Urdu: محمد عبد السلام, pronounced , (January 29, 1926– November 21, 1996) was a Pakistani theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his work on the electroweak unification of the...

    , Gauge unification of fundamental forces.
  • 1979 Michael Ellis Fisher, Multicritical points in magnets and fluids: a review of some novel states of matter.
  • 1978 Robert Lewis Fullarton Boyd, Cosmic exploration by X-rays.
  • 1977 George Porter
    George Porter
    George Hornidge Porter, Baron Porter of Luddenham, OM, FRS was a British chemist.- Life :Porter was born in Stainforth, near Thorne, South Yorkshire. He was educated at Thorne Grammar School, then won a scholarship to the University of Leeds and gained his first degree in chemistry...

    , In vitro models for photosynthesis.
  • 1976 George Wallace Kenner, Towards synthesis of proteins.
  • 1975 Michael Francis Atiyah, Global geometry.
  • 1974 Desmond George King-Hele, A view of Earth and air.
  • 1973 Frederick Charles Frank
    Frederick Charles Frank
    Sir Frederick Charles Frank FRS was a British theoretical physicist.He was born in Durban, South Africa, although his parents returned to England soon afterwards...

    , Crystals imperfect.
  • 1972 Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, Insulin.
  • 1971 Basil John Mason
    Basil John Mason
    Sir John Mason, CB, FRCP, FRCPEd, FRFPS, FRS is an expert on cloud physics and former Director of the UK Meteorological Office.His work includes the Mason Equation, giving the growth or evaporation of small water droplets...

    , The physics of the thunderstorm.
  • 1970 Derek Harold Richard Barton
    Derek Harold Richard Barton
    Sir Derek Harold Richard Barton FRS was a British organic chemist and Nobel Prize laureate.-Biography:Barton was born to William Thomas and Maude Henrietta Barton. He attended Tonbridge School and in 1938 he entered Imperial College London, where he graduated in 1940 and obtained his Ph.D. degree...

    , Some approaches to the synthesis of tetracycline.
  • 1969 Richard Henry Dalitz, Particles and interactions: the problems of high-energy physics
  • 1968 Fred Hoyle
    Fred Hoyle
    Sir Fred Hoyle FRS was an English astronomer and mathematician noted primarily for his contribution to the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis and his often controversial stance on other cosmological and scientific matters—in particular his rejection of the "Big Bang" theory, a term originally...

    , Review of recent developments in cosmology
  • 1967 Edward Crisp Bullard, Reversals of the Earth's magnetic field
  • 1966 Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
    Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
    Ronald George Wreyford Norrish was a British chemist. He was born in Cambridge and attended The Perse School. He was a former student of Eric Rideal...

    , The progress of photochemistry exemplified by reactions of the halogens
  • 1965 Melvin Calvin: Chemical evolution
  • 1964 Frederic Calland Williams
    Frederic Calland Williams
    Sir Frederic Calland Williams CBE, FRS , known as 'Freddie Williams', was an English engineer....

    , Inventive technology: the search for better electric machines
  • 1963 Alan Howard Cottrell, Fracture
  • 1962 John Desmond Bernal, The structure of liquids
  • 1961 Michael James Lighthill, Sound generated aerodynamically
  • 1960 Gerhard Herzberg
    Gerhard Herzberg
    Gerhard Heinrich Friedrich Otto Julius Herzberg, was a pioneering physicist and physical chemist, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1971, "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals". Herzberg's main work concerned...

    , The spectra and structures of free methyl and free methylene.
  • 1959 Edmund Langley Hirst, Molecular structure in the polysaccharide group.
  • 1958 Martin Ryle
    Martin Ryle
    Sir Martin Ryle was an English radio astronomer who developed revolutionary radio telescope systems and used them for accurate location and imaging of weak radio sources...

    , The nature of the cosmic radio sources.
  • 1957 Cecil Frank Powell
    Cecil Frank Powell
    Cecil Frank Powell, FRS was a British physicist, and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and for the resulting discovery of the pion , a heavy subatomic particle.Powell was born in Tonbridge, Kent, England, the son of a local...

    , The elementary particles.
  • 1956 Harry Work Melville' Addition polymerization.
  • 1955 Marcus Laurence Elwin Oliphant, The acceleration of charged particles to very high energies.
  • 1954 Alexander Robertus Todd, Chemistry of the nucleotides.
  • 1953 Nevill Francis Mott
    Nevill Francis Mott
    Sir Nevill Francis Mott, CH, FRS was an English physicist. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1977 for his work on the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems, especially amorphous semiconductors. The award was shared with Philip W. Anderson and J. H...

    , Dislocations, plastic flow and creep in metals.
  • 1952 Harold Jeffreys
    Harold Jeffreys
    Sir Harold Jeffreys, FRS was a mathematician, statistician, geophysicist, and astronomer. His seminal book Theory of Probability, which first appeared in 1939, played an important role in the revival of the Bayesian view of probability.-Biography:Jeffreys was born in Fatfield, Washington, County...

    , The origin of the solar system.
  • 1951 Eric Keightley Rideal, Reactions in monolayers.
  • 1950 Percy Williams Bridgman
    Percy Williams Bridgman
    Percy Williams Bridgman was an American physicist who won the 1946 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the physics of high pressures. He also wrote extensively on the scientific method and on other aspects of the philosophy of science.- Biography :Bridgman entered Harvard University in 1900,...

    , Physics above 20 000 kg/cm2.
  • 1949 Harold Raistrick, A region of biosynthesis.
  • 1948 George Paget Thomson
    George Paget Thomson
    Sir George Paget Thomson, FRS was an English physicist and Nobel laureate in physics recognised for his discovery with Clinton Davisson of the wave properties of the electron by electron diffraction.-Biography:...

    , Nuclear explosions.
  • 1947 Harry Ralph Ricardo, Some problems in connexion with the development of a high-speed diesel engine.
  • 1946 Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
    Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
    Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood OM PRS was an English physical chemist.Born in London, his parents were Norman Macmillan Hinshelwood, a chartered accountant, and Ethe Frances née Smith. He was educated first in Canada, returning in 1905 on the death of his father to a small flat in Chelsea where he...

    , The more recent work on the hydrogen-oxygen reaction.
  • 1945 Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson, Meteorology of the lower stratosphere.
  • 1944 Walter Norman Haworth, The structure, function and synthesis of polysaccharides.
  • 1943 Richard Vynne Southwell, Relaxation methods: a mathematics for engineering sciences.
  • 1942 Albert Charles Chibnall, Amino-acid analysis and the structure of proteins.
  • 1941 Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, The physical interpretation of quantum mechanics.
  • 1940 Nevil Vincent Sidgwick & Herbert Marcus Powell, Stereochemical types and valency groups.
  • 1939 Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Penetrating Cosmic Rays.
  • 1938 Christopher Kelk Ingold
    Christopher Kelk Ingold
    Sir Christopher Kelk Ingold FRS was a British chemist based in Leeds and London. His groundbreaking work in the 1920s and 1930s on reaction mechanisms and the electronic structure of organic compounds was responsible for the introduction into mainstream chemistry of concepts such as nucleophile,...

    , The Structure of Benzene.
  • 1937 Edward Victor Appleton
    Edward Victor Appleton
    Sir Edward Victor Appleton, GBE, KCB, FRS was an English physicist.-Biography:Appleton was born in Bradford, West Yorkshire and educated at Hanson Grammar School. At the age of 18 he won a scholarship to St John's College, Cambridge...

    , Regularities and Irregularities in the Ionosphere.
  • 1936 Frederic Stanley Kipping, Organic Compounds of Silicon.
  • 1935 Ralph Howard Fowler, The Anomalous Specific Heats of Crystals, with special reference to the Contribution of Molecular Rotations.
  • 1934 William Lawrence Bragg
    William Lawrence Bragg
    Sir William Lawrence Bragg CH OBE MC FRS was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer of the Bragg law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure. He was joint winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915. He was knighted...

    , The Structure of Alloys.
  • 1933 James Chadwick
    James Chadwick
    Sir James Chadwick CH FRS was an English Nobel laureate in physics awarded for his discovery of the neutron....

    , The Neutron.
  • 1932 William Arthur Bone
    William Arthur Bone
    William Arthur Bone FRS was a British fuel technologist and chemist.He was born in Stockton-on-Tees, the son of tea merchant Christopher and Mary Elizabeth Bone. He was educated at Middlesbrough High School, the Ackworth Quaker school and Stockton High School...

    , The Combustion of Hydrocarbons.
  • 1931 Sydney Chapman, Some Phenomena of the Upper Atmosphere.
  • 1930 Robert Robinson, The Molecular Structure of Strychnine and Brucine.
  • 1929 Edward Arthur Milne, The Structure and Opacity of a Stellar Atmosphere.
  • 1928 John Cunningham McLennan
    John Cunningham McLennan
    Sir John Cunningham McLennan, KBE, FRS, FRSC was a Canadian physicist.Born in Ingersoll, Ontario, the son of David McLennan and Barbara Cunningham, he was the director of the physics laboratory at the University of Toronto from 1906 until 1932.In 1926, he was awarded the Royal Society of Canada's...

    , The Aurora and its Spectrum.
  • 1927 Francis William Aston
    Francis William Aston
    Francis William Aston was a British chemist and physicist who won the 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole-number rule...

    , A New Mass-Spectrograph and the Whole Number Rule.
  • 1926 Arthur Stanley Eddington
    Arthur Stanley Eddington
    Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, OM, FRS was a British astrophysicist of the early 20th century. He was also a philosopher of science and a popularizer of science...

    , Diffuse Matter in Interstellar Space.
  • 1925 William Bate Hardy
    William Bate Hardy
    Sir William Bate Hardy FRS was a British biologist and food scientist.He was born in Erdington, Birmingham and graduated with a Master of Arts from the University of Cambridge, where he carried out biochemical research. He first suggested the word hormone to E.H...

     & Ida Bircumshaw, Boundary Lubrication - Plane Surfaces and the Limitations of Amontons Law.
  • 1924 Alfred Fowler
    Alfred Fowler
    Alfred Fowler, FRS was an English astronomer. Not to be confused with American astrophysicist William Alfred Fowler....

    , The Spectra of Silicon at Successive Stages of Ionization.
  • 1923 Geoffrey Ingram Taylor
    Geoffrey Ingram Taylor
    Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor OM was a British physicist, mathematician and expert on fluid dynamics and wave theory. His biographer and one-time student, George Batchelor, described him as "one of the most notable scientists of this century".-Biography:Taylor was born in St. John's Wood, London...

     & Constance F. Elam
    Constance Tipper
    Constance Fligg Elam Tipper was a British metallurgist and crystallographer.Constance Tipper specialized in the investigation of metal strength and its effect on engineering problems. During the Second World War, she investigated the causes of brittle fracture in Liberty Ships...

    , The Distortion of an Aluminium Crystal during a Tensile Test.1922 Thomas Ralph Merton & S. Barratt: On the Spectrum of Hydrogen.
  • 1921 Thomas Martin Lowry & Percy Corlett Austin, Optical Rotatory Dispersion. Part II. Tartaric Acid and the Tartrates.
  • 1920 Ernest Rutherford
    Ernest Rutherford
    Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM, FRS was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics...

    , Nuclear Constitution of Atoms.
  • 1919 Robert John Strutt, A Study of the Line Spectrum of Sodium as Excited by Fluorescence.
  • 1918 Charles Algernon Parsons
    Charles Algernon Parsons
    Sir Charles Algernon Parsons OM KCB FRS was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the steam turbine. He worked as an engineer on dynamo and turbine design, and power generation, with great influence on the naval and electrical engineering fields...

    , Experiments on the Artificial Production of Diamond.
  • 1917 James Hopwood Jeans
    James Hopwood Jeans
    Sir James Hopwood Jeans OM FRS MA DSc ScD LLD was an English physicist, astronomer and mathematician.-Background:...

    , The Configurations of Rotating Compressible Masses.
  • 1916 Charles Glover Barkla
    Charles Glover Barkla
    Charles Glover Barkla was a British physicist, and the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1917 for his work in X-ray spectroscopy and related areas in the study of X-rays .-Biography:...

    , X-rays and the Theory of Radiation.
  • 1915 William Henry Bragg
    William Henry Bragg
    Sir William Henry Bragg OM, KBE, PRS was a British physicist, chemist, mathematician and active sportsman who uniquely shared a Nobel Prize with his son William Lawrence Bragg - the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics...

    , X-rays and Crystals.
  • 1914 Alfred Fowler
    Alfred Fowler
    Alfred Fowler, FRS was an English astronomer. Not to be confused with American astrophysicist William Alfred Fowler....

    , Series Lines in Spark Spectra.
  • 1913 Joseph John Thomson, Rays of Positive Electricity.
  • 1912 Hugh Longbourne Callendar
    Hugh Longbourne Callendar
    Hugh Longbourne Callendar FRS was a British physicist. He was born at Hatherop as the eldest son of the Reverend Hugh Callendar, a local Anglican rector...

    , On the Variation of the Specific Heat of Water, with Experiments by a new Method.
  • 1911 Robert John Strutt, A Chemically-Active Modification of Nitrogen Produced by the Electric Discharge.
  • 1910 John Henry Poynting
    John Henry Poynting
    John Henry Poynting was an English physicist. He was a professor of physics at Mason Science College from 1880 until his death....

     & Guy Barlow, The Pressure of Light against the Source: the Recoil from Light.
  • 1909 Joseph Larmor
    Joseph Larmor
    Sir Joseph Larmor , a physicist and mathematician who made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics, and the electron theory of matter...

    , On the Statistical and Thermo-dynamical Relations of Radiant Energy.
  • 1908 Charles H Lees, The Effects of Temperature and Pressure on the Thermal Conductivities of Solids.
  • 1907 Thomas Edward Thorpe
    Thomas Edward Thorpe
    Sir Thomas Edward Thorpe, often called Edward Thorpe, was a British chemist.Born in Harpurhey, Manchester, Thorpe originally worked as a clerk, but in 1863 began working as an assistant to Henry Roscoe, a professor of chemistry at Owen's College...

    , The Atomic Weight of Radium.
  • 1906 John Milne
    John Milne
    For other uses, see John Milne .John Milne was the British geologist and mining engineer who worked on a horizontal seismograph.-Biography:...

    , Recent Advances in Seismology.
  • 1905 Horace Tabberer Brown
    Horace Tabberer Brown
    Horace Tabberer Brown was a British chemist. He was a born after the death of his biological father so his stepfather was the only father he knew. The stepfather was a banker and amateur naturalist which lead to Brown's interest in science, which began around age 12...

    , The Reception and Utilization of Energy by the Green Leaf.
  • 1904 Ernest Rutherford
    Ernest Rutherford
    Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM, FRS was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics...

    , The Succession of Changes in Radio-active Bodies.
  • 1903 Charles Thomas Heycock & F. H. Neville, On the Constitution of the Copper-tin Series of Alloys.
  • 1902 Lord Rayleigh, On the Law of the Pressure of Gases between 75 and 150 Millimetres of Mercury.
  • 1901 James Dewar
    James Dewar
    Sir James Dewar FRS was a Scottish chemist and physicist. He is probably best-known today for his invention of the Dewar flask, which he used in conjunction with extensive research into the liquefaction of gases...

    , The Nadir of Temperature and Allied Problems.
  • 1900 William Augustus Tilden, On the Specific Heat of Metals and the Relation of Specific Heat to Atomic Weight.

19th Century

  • 1899 James Alfred Ewing
    James Alfred Ewing
    Sir James Alfred Ewing KCB FRS FRSE MInstitCE was a Scottish physicist and engineer, best known for his work on the magnetic properties of metals and, in particular, for his discovery of, and coinage of the word, hysteresis.It was said of Ewing that he was 'Careful at all times of his appearance,...

     & Walter Rosenhain
    Walter Rosenhain
    Walter Rosenhain ForMemRS was an Australian metallurgist.-Early life:Rosenhain was born in Berlin, German Empire, the son of Moritz Rosenhain, a merchant, and his wife Friederike, a daughter of Rabbi Benjamin Yosman Fink . The family migrated to Australia when Walter was five years old, to avoid...

    , The Crystalline Structure of Metals.
  • 1898 William James Russell, Further Experiments on the Action exerted by certain Metals and other Bodies on a Photographic Plate.
  • 1897 Osborne Reynolds
    Osborne Reynolds
    Osborne Reynolds FRS was a prominent innovator in the understanding of fluid dynamics. Separately, his studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design.-Life:...

     & William Henry Moorby, On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat.
  • 1896 William Chandler Roberts-Austen
    William Chandler Roberts-Austen
    Sir William Chandler Roberts-Austen, , was a metallurgist noted for his research on the physical properties of metals and their alloys. Austenite is named in his honor....

    , On the Diffusion of Metals.
  • 1895 Augustus George Vernon Harcourt
    Augustus George Vernon Harcourt
    Augustus George Vernon Harcourt FRS was an English chemist who spent his career at Oxford University. He was one of the first scientists to do quantitative work in the field of chemical kinetics...

     & William Esson
    William Esson
    William Esson was a British mathematician. He attended St John's College, Oxford, and then became a fellow of Merton College . In 1892, he became the Savilian Professor of Geometry at the University of Oxford. He worked on problems in chemistry with Augustus George Vernon Harcourt.-References:...

    , On the Laws of Connexion between the Conditions of a Chemical Change and its Amount. III. Further Researches on the Reaction of Hydrogen Dioxide and Hydrogen Iodide.
  • 1894 Thomas Edward Thorpe
    Thomas Edward Thorpe
    Sir Thomas Edward Thorpe, often called Edward Thorpe, was a British chemist.Born in Harpurhey, Manchester, Thorpe originally worked as a clerk, but in 1863 began working as an assistant to Henry Roscoe, a professor of chemistry at Owen's College...

     & James Wyllie Rodger, On the Relations between the Viscosity of Liquids and their Chemical Nature.
  • 1893 Harold Baily Dixon
    Harold Baily Dixon
    Harold Baily Dixon, CBE, FCS, FRS was a British chemist. Born in London, England, he was educated at Westminster School and then at Christ Church, Oxford under Vernon Harcourt, graduating in 1875...

    , The rate of Explosion in Gases.
  • 1892 Joseph John Thomson, On the Grand Currents of Atmospheric Circulation.
  • 1891 George Howard Darwin, On Tidal Prediction.
  • 1890 Arthur Schuster
    Arthur Schuster
    Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster FRS was a German-born British physicist known for his work in spectroscopy, electrochemistry, optics, X-radiography and the application of harmonic analysis to physics...

    , The Discharge of Electricity through Gases. Preliminary Communication.
  • 1889 Arthur William Rucker
    Arthur William Rucker
    Sir Arthur William Rucker , KB, FRS was a British physicist. He gained his BA at Brasenose College, Oxford, in 1871, and was a Fellow there from 1871 to 1876...

     & Thomas Edward Thorpe
    Thomas Edward Thorpe
    Sir Thomas Edward Thorpe, often called Edward Thorpe, was a British chemist.Born in Harpurhey, Manchester, Thorpe originally worked as a clerk, but in 1863 began working as an assistant to Henry Roscoe, a professor of chemistry at Owen's College...

    , A magnetic Survey of the British isles for the Epoch January 1, 1886.
  • 1888 J. Norman Lockyer, Suggestions on the Classification of the various Species of Heavenly Bodies. A Report to the Solar Physics Committee.
  • 1887 Joseph John Thomson, On the Dissociation of some Gases by the Electric Discharge.
  • 1886 William de Wiveleslie Abney
    William de Wiveleslie Abney
    William de Wiveleslie Abney FRS was an English astronomer, chemist, and photographer.-Biography:Abney was born in Derby, England, the son of Edward Abney vicar of St Alkmund's Derby, and owner of the Firs Estate...

     & Edward Robert Festing
    Edward Robert Festing
    Major-General Edward Robert Festing CB FRS , English army officer, chemist, and first Director of the Science Museum in London. He contributed to infrared spectroscopy research with Sir William Abney in the 1880s....

    , Colour Photometry.
  • 1885 William Huggins
    William Huggins
    Sir William Huggins, OM, KCB, FRS was an English amateur astronomer best known for his pioneering work in astronomical spectroscopy.-Biography:...

    , On the Corona of the Sun.
  • 1884 Arthur Schuster
    Arthur Schuster
    Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster FRS was a German-born British physicist known for his work in spectroscopy, electrochemistry, optics, X-radiography and the application of harmonic analysis to physics...

    , Experiments on the Discharge of Electricity through gases. Sketch of a Theory.
  • 1883 William Crookes
    William Crookes
    Sir William Crookes, OM, FRS was a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry, London, and worked on spectroscopy...

    , On Radiant Matter Spectroscopy: the Detection and wide Distribution of Yttrium.
  • 1882 Heinrich Debus
    Heinrich Debus
    Heinrich Debus was a Hauptsturmführer in the Waffen SS during World War II who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership by Nazi Germany during World War II.Heinrich Debus was born on the 30 June...

    , On the Chemical Theory of Gunpowder.
  • 1881 John Tyndall
    John Tyndall
    John Tyndall FRS was a prominent Irish 19th century physicist. His initial scientific fame arose in the 1850s from his study of diamagnetism. Later he studied thermal radiation, and produced a number of discoveries about processes in the atmosphere...

    , Action of free Molecules on Radiant Heat, and its conversion thereby into sound.
  • 1880 William de Wiveleslie Abney
    William de Wiveleslie Abney
    William de Wiveleslie Abney FRS was an English astronomer, chemist, and photographer.-Biography:Abney was born in Derby, England, the son of Edward Abney vicar of St Alkmund's Derby, and owner of the Firs Estate...

    , On the Photographic Method of Mapping the least refrangible end of the Solar Spectrum.
  • 1879 William Crookes
    William Crookes
    Sir William Crookes, OM, FRS was a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry, London, and worked on spectroscopy...

    , On the Illumination of Lines of Molecular Pressure and the Trajectory of Molecules.
  • 1878 William Crookes
    William Crookes
    Sir William Crookes, OM, FRS was a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry, London, and worked on spectroscopy...

    , On Repulsion resulting from Radiation. Part V.
  • 1877 William Crawford Williamson
    William Crawford Williamson
    William Crawford Williamson was an English naturalist and palaeobotanist.-Life:Williamson was born at Scarborough, North Yorkshire. His father, John Williamson, after beginning life as a gardener, became a well-known local naturalist, who, in conjunction with William Bean, first explored the rich...

    , On the Organization of the Fossil Plants of the Coal Measures.
  • 1876 Thomas Andrews
    Thomas Andrews (scientist)
    Thomas Andrews FRS was an Irish chemist and physicist who did important work on phase transitions between gases and liquids.-Life:Andrews was born in Belfast, Ireland where his father was a linen merchant...

    , On the Gaseous State of Matter.
  • 1875 William Grylls Adams
    William Grylls Adams
    William Grylls Adams FRS was professor of Natural Philosophy at King's College, London.William Grylls Adams was a younger brother of John Couch Adams . He graduated from St...

    , On the Forms of Equipotential Curves and Surfaces and on Lines of Flow.
  • 1874 J. Norman Lockyer, Researches in Spectrum Analysis in connexion with the Spectrum of the Sun. Part III.
  • 1873 Earl of Rosse
    Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
    Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse KP FRS was the son and successor of the astronomer William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse who built the "Leviathan of Parsonstown" telescope, largest of its day, and his wife, the Countess Rosse , an amateur astronomer and pioneering photographer...

    , On the Radiation of Heat from the Moon, the Law of its Absorption by our Atmosphere, and its variation in Amount with her Phases.
  • 1872 William Kitchen Parker, On the Structure and Development of the Skull of the Salmon.
  • 1871 Charles William Siemens, On the Increase of Electrical Resistance in Conductors with Rise of Temperature, and its Application to the Measure of Ordinary and Furnace Temperatures.
  • 1870 John William Dawson
    John William Dawson
    Sir John William Dawson, CMG, FRS, FRSC , was a Canadian geologist and university administrator.- Life and work :...

    , On the Pre-Carboniferous Flora of North-Eastern America, and more especially on that of the Erian (Devonian) Period.
  • 1869 Thomas Andrews
    Thomas Andrews (scientist)
    Thomas Andrews FRS was an Irish chemist and physicist who did important work on phase transitions between gases and liquids.-Life:Andrews was born in Belfast, Ireland where his father was a linen merchant...

    , The Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid States of Matter.
  • 1868 Henry Enfield Roscoe
    Henry Enfield Roscoe
    Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe, FRS was an English chemist. He is particularly noted for early work on vanadium and for photochemical studies.- Life and work :...

    , Researches on Vanadium.
  • 1867 Frederick Augustus Abel
    Frederick Augustus Abel
    -External links:...

    , Researches on Gun-Cotton. (Second Memoir). On the Stability of Gun-Cotton.
  • 1866 James Clerk Maxwell
    James Clerk Maxwell
    James Clerk Maxwell of Glenlair was a Scottish physicist and mathematician. His most prominent achievement was formulating classical electromagnetic theory. This united all previously unrelated observations, experiments and equations of electricity, magnetism and optics into a consistent theory...

    , On the Viscosity or Internal Friction of Air and other Gases.
  • 1865 Henry Enfield Roscoe
    Henry Enfield Roscoe
    Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe, FRS was an English chemist. He is particularly noted for early work on vanadium and for photochemical studies.- Life and work :...

    , On a Method of Meteorological Registration of the Chemical Action of Total Daylight.
  • 1864 John Tyndall
    John Tyndall
    John Tyndall FRS was a prominent Irish 19th century physicist. His initial scientific fame arose in the 1850s from his study of diamagnetism. Later he studied thermal radiation, and produced a number of discoveries about processes in the atmosphere...

    , Contributions to Molecular Physics: being the Fifth Memoir of Researches on Radiant Heat.
  • 1863 Henry Clifton Sorby
    Henry Clifton Sorby
    Henry Clifton Sorby , was an English microscopist and geologist.-Biography:Sorby was born at Woodbourne near Sheffield in Yorkshire and attended Sheffield Collegiate School. He early developed an interest in natural science, and one of his first papers related to the excavation of valleys in...

    , On the Direct Correlation of Mechanical and Chemical Forces.
  • 1862 Warren De la Rue
    Warren de la Rue
    Warren De la Rue was a British astronomer and chemist, most famous for his pioneering work in astronomical photography.-Biography:...

    , On the Total Solar Eclipse of 18 July 1860, observed at Rivabellosa, near Miranda de Ebro in Spain.
  • 1861 John Tyndall
    John Tyndall
    John Tyndall FRS was a prominent Irish 19th century physicist. His initial scientific fame arose in the 1850s from his study of diamagnetism. Later he studied thermal radiation, and produced a number of discoveries about processes in the atmosphere...

    , On the Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gases and Vapours, and on the Physical Connexion of radiation, Absorption and Conduction.
  • 1860 William Fairbairn
    William Fairbairn
    Sir William Fairbairn, 1st Baronet was a Scottish civil engineer, structural engineer and shipbuilder.-Early career:...

    , Experimental Researches to determine the Law of Superheated Steam.
  • 1859 Edward Frankland
    Edward Frankland
    Sir Edward Frankland, KCB, FRS was a chemist, one of the foremost of his day. He was an expert in water quality and analysis, and originated the concept of combining power, or valence, in chemistry. He was also one of the originators of organometallic chemistry.-Biography:Edward Frankland was born...

    , Researches on Organo-metallic Bodies. Fourth Memoir.
  • 1858 John Peter Gassiot
    John Peter Gassiot
    John Peter Gassiot FRS was an English businessman and amateur scientist and who was particularly associated with public demonstrations of electrical phenomena and the development of the Royal Society.-Life:...

    , On the Stratifications and dark band in Electrical Discharges as observed in Torricellian Vacua.
  • 1857 Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday, FRS was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry....

    , Experimental Relations of Gold (and other metals) to Light.
  • 1856 William Thon
    William Thon
    William Thon was an American painter.Thon was born in New York City in 1906. He spent his childhood summers camping on Staten Island. He joined the Navy during World War II, and shortly after the war won the Prix de Rome, a fellowship to the American Academy in Rome. He later became a trustee of...

    , On the Electro-dynamic Qualities of Metals.
  • 1855 John Tyndall
    John Tyndall
    John Tyndall FRS was a prominent Irish 19th century physicist. His initial scientific fame arose in the 1850s from his study of diamagnetism. Later he studied thermal radiation, and produced a number of discoveries about processes in the atmosphere...

    , On the Nature of the Force by which Bodies are repelled from the Poles of a Magnet; to which is prefixed an account of some experiments on Molecular Influences.
  • 1854 Thomas Graham
    Thomas Graham (chemist)
    Thomas Graham FRS was a nineteenth-century Scottish chemist who is best-remembered today for his pioneering work in dialysis and the diffusion of gases.- Life and work :...

    , On Osmotic Force.
  • 1853 Edward Sabine
    Edward Sabine
    General Sir Edward Sabine KCB FRS was an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist and explorer.Two branches of Sabine's work in particular deserve very high credit: Determination of the length of the seconds pendulum, a simple pendulum whose time period on the surface of the Earth is two...

    , On the Influence of the Moon on the Magnetic Declination at Toronto, St Helena, and Hobarton.
  • 1852 Charles Wheatstone
    Charles Wheatstone
    Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS , was an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope , and the Playfair cipher...

    , Contributions to the Physiology of Vision. Part II. On some remarkable and hitherto unobserved Phenomena on Binocular Vision (continued).
  • 1851 Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday, FRS was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry....

    , Experimental Researches in Electricity. Twenty-Fourth Series.
  • 1850 Thomas Graham
    Thomas Graham (chemist)
    Thomas Graham FRS was a nineteenth-century Scottish chemist who is best-remembered today for his pioneering work in dialysis and the diffusion of gases.- Life and work :...

    , On the Diffusion of Liquids.
  • 1849 Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday, FRS was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry....

    , Experimental Researches in Electricity. Twenty-Second Series.
  • 1848 Revd William Whewell
    William Whewell
    William Whewell was an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.-Life and career:Whewell was born in Lancaster...

    , Researches on the Tides. Thirteenth Series. On the Tides of the Pacific, and on the Diurnal Inequality.
  • 1847 William Robert Grove
    William Robert Grove
    Sir William Robert Grove PC QC FRS was a judge and physical scientist. He anticipated the general theory of the conservation of energy, and was a pioneer of fuel cell technology.-Early life:...

    , On certain Phenomena of Voltaic Ignition and the Decomposition of Water into its constituent Gases by Heat.
  • 1846 James David Forbes
    James David Forbes
    James David Forbes was a Scottish physicist and glaciologist who worked extensively on the conduction of heat and seismology. Forbes was a resident of Edinburgh for most of his life, educated at the University and a professor there from 1833 until he became principal of the United College of St...

    , Illustrations of the Viscous Theory of Glacier Motion.
  • 1845 Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny, Memoir on the Rotation of Crops, and on the Quantity of Inorganic Matters abstracted from the Soil by various Plants under different circumstances.
  • 1844 Richard Owen
    Richard Owen
    Sir Richard Owen, FRS KCB was an English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist.Owen is probably best remembered today for coining the word Dinosauria and for his outspoken opposition to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection...

    , A Description of certain Belemnites, preserved, with a great proportion of their soft parts, in the Oxford Clay, at Christian-Malford, Wilts.
  • 1843 Charles Wheatstone
    Charles Wheatstone
    Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS , was an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope , and the Playfair cipher...

    , An Account of several new Instruments and Processes for determining the Constants of a Voltaic Circuit.
  • 1842 James David Forbes
    James David Forbes
    James David Forbes was a Scottish physicist and glaciologist who worked extensively on the conduction of heat and seismology. Forbes was a resident of Edinburgh for most of his life, educated at the University and a professor there from 1833 until he became principal of the United College of St...

    , On the Transparency of the Atmosphere and the Law of Extinction of the Solar Rays in passing through it.
  • 1841 George Newport
    George Newport
    George Newport was a prominent English entomologist .Newport is especially noted for his studies utilizing the microscope and his skills in dissection. He was President of the Entomological Society of London 1843-1844 and also a member of the Ray Society .George Newport wrote several scholarly...

    , On the Organs of Reproduction and the Development of the Myriapoda.
  • 1840 George Biddell Airy
    George Biddell Airy
    Sir George Biddell Airy PRS KCB was an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881...

    , On the Theoretical Explanation of an apparent new Polarity of Light.
  • 1839 William Snow Harris
    William Snow Harris
    Sir William Snow Harris was an English physician and electrical researcher, nicknamed Thunder-and-Lightning Harris, and noted for his invention of a successful system of lightning conductors for ships...

    , Inquiries concerning the Elementary Laws of Electricity.
  • 1838 James Ivory
    James Ivory (mathematician)
    Sir James Ivory was a Scottish mathematician.Ivory was born in Dundee and attended Dundee Grammar School. In 1779 he entered the University of St Andrews, distinguishing himself especially in mathematics...

    , On the Theory of the Astronomical Refractions.
  • 1837 William Henry Fox Talbot, Further Observations on the Optical Phenomena of Crystals.
  • 1836 John William Lubbock, On the Tides of the Port of London.
  • 1835 Charles Lyell
    Charles Lyell
    Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, Kt FRS was a British lawyer and the foremost geologist of his day. He is best known as the author of Principles of Geology, which popularised James Hutton's concepts of uniformitarianism – the idea that the earth was shaped by slow-moving forces still in operation...

    , On the Proofs of a gradual Rising of the Land in certain parts of Sweden.
  • 1834 Not appointed
  • 1833 Samuel Hunter Christie
    Samuel Hunter Christie
    Samuel Hunter Christie was a British scientist and mathematician.He studied mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge where he was second wrangler. He was particularly interested in magnetism, studying the earth's magnetic field and designing improvements to the magnetic compass...

    , Experimental Determination of the Laws of Magneto-Electric Induction in different masses of the same metal, and its intensity in different metals.
  • 1832 Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday, FRS was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry....

    , Experimental Researches in Electricity; Second Series.
  • 1831 No record of lecture
  • 1830 No record of lecture
  • 1829 Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday
    Michael Faraday, FRS was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry....

    , On the manufacture of Glass for Optical Purposes.
  • 1828 William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston FRS was an English chemist and physicist who is famous for discovering two chemical elements and for developing a way to process platinum ore.-Biography:...

    , On a Method of rendering Platina malleable.
  • 1827 George Pearson
    George Pearson (doctor)
    George Pearson, MD, FRS , physician, chemist and early advocate of Jenner's cowpox vaccination.Davies Gilbert, who was then President of the Royal Society, began his 1829 memoir of Dr. Pearson thus:He continued:...

    , Researches to discover the Faculties of Pulmonary Absorption with respect to Charcoal.
  • 1826 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

    , On the Relations of Electrical and Chemical Changes.
  • 1825 No record of lecture
  • 1824 No record of lecture
  • 1823 John F.W. Herschel, On certain Motions produced in Fluid Conductors when transmitting the Electric Current.
  • 1822 No record of lecture
  • 1821 Edward Sabine
    Edward Sabine
    General Sir Edward Sabine KCB FRS was an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist and explorer.Two branches of Sabine's work in particular deserve very high credit: Determination of the length of the seconds pendulum, a simple pendulum whose time period on the surface of the Earth is two...

    , An Account of Experiments to determine the Amount of the Dip of the Magnetic Needle in London, in August 1821; with Remarks on the Instruments which are usually employed in such determination.
  • 1820 Henry Kater
    Henry Kater
    Henry Kater was an English physicist of German descent.-Early life:He was born at Bristol. At first he intended to study law; but he gave up the idea on his father's death in 1794. He entered the army, obtaining a commission in the 12th Regiment of Foot, then stationed in India, where he assisted...

    , On the best kind of Steel, and form, for a Compass Needle.
  • 1819 William Thomas Brande
    William Thomas Brande
    William Thomas Brande FRS , English chemist.Brande was born in London, England. After leaving Westminster School, he was apprenticed, in 1802, to his brother, an apothecary, with the view of adopting the profession of medicine. However, Brande's bent was towards chemistry, a sound knowledge of...

    , On the Composition and Analysis of the inflammable Gaseous Compounds resulting from the destructive Distillation of Coal and Oil; with some Remarks on their relative heating and illuminating power.
  • 1818 No record of lecture
  • 1817 No record of lecture
  • 1816 No record of lecture
  • 1815 No record of lecture
  • 1814 No record of lecture
  • 1813 William Thomas Brande
    William Thomas Brande
    William Thomas Brande FRS , English chemist.Brande was born in London, England. After leaving Westminster School, he was apprenticed, in 1802, to his brother, an apothecary, with the view of adopting the profession of medicine. However, Brande's bent was towards chemistry, a sound knowledge of...

    , On some new Electro-Chemical Phenomena.
  • 1812 William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston FRS was an English chemist and physicist who is famous for discovering two chemical elements and for developing a way to process platinum ore.-Biography:...

    , On the Elementary Particles of certain Crystals.
  • 1811 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

     (?)
  • 1810 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

    , On some of the Combinations of Oxymuriatic Gas and Oxygen, and on the Chemical Relations of these Principles to Inflammable Bodies.
  • 1809 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

    , On some new Electro-Chemical Researches, on various objects, particularly the Metallic Bodies from the Alkalies and Earths; and on some Combinations of Hydrogen.
  • 1808 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

    , An Account of some new Analytical Researches on the Nature of certain Bodies, particularly the Alkalies, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Carbonaceous Matters, and the Acids hitherto undecompounded; with some general Observations on Chemical Theory.
  • 1807 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

    , On some new Phenomena of Chemical Changes produced by Electricity, particularly the Decomposition of the fixed Alkalies, and the Exhibition of the new Substances, which constitute their Bases.
  • 1806 Humphry Davy
    Humphry Davy
    Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine...

    , On some Chemical Agencies of Electricity.
  • 1805 William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston FRS was an English chemist and physicist who is famous for discovering two chemical elements and for developing a way to process platinum ore.-Biography:...

    , On the Force of Percussion.
  • 1804 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

    , Observations on the Hypotheses which have been assumed to account for the cause of Gravitation from Mechanical Principles.
  • 1803 Thomas Young
    Thomas Young (scientist)
    Thomas Young was an English polymath. He is famous for having partly deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work...

    , Experiments and Calculations relative to Physical Optics.
  • 1802 William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston
    William Hyde Wollaston FRS was an English chemist and physicist who is famous for discovering two chemical elements and for developing a way to process platinum ore.-Biography:...

    , Observations on the Quantity of Horizontal Refraction; with Method of measuring the Dip at Sea.
  • 1801 Thomas Young
    Thomas Young (scientist)
    Thomas Young was an English polymath. He is famous for having partly deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work...

    , On the Theory of Light and Colours.
  • 1800 Thomas Young
    Thomas Young (scientist)
    Thomas Young was an English polymath. He is famous for having partly deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work...

    , On the Mechanism of the Eye.

18th Century

  • 1799 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

     (?)
  • 1798 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

    , Observations upon an unusual Horizontal Refraction of the Air; with Remarks on the Variations to which the lower Parts of the Atmosphere are sometimes subject.
  • 1797 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

    , Experiments upon the Resistance of Bodies moving in Fluids.
  • 1796 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

     (?)
  • 1795 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

     (?)
  • 1794 Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince
    Samuel Vince was an English clergyman, mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge.The son of a plasterer, Vince was admitted as a sizar to Caius College, Cambridge in 1771. In 1775 he was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge. Migrating to Sidney Sussex College in 1777, he gained his M.A....

    , Observations on the Theory of the Motion and Resistance of Fluids; with a Description of the Construction of Experiments, in order to obtain some fundamental Principles.
  • 1793 George Fordyce
    George Fordyce
    George Fordyce was a distinguished Scottish physician, lecturer on medicine, and chemist, who was a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.-Early life:...

    , An Account of a New Pendulum.
  • 1792 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , An Account of the Discoveries concerning Muscular Motion, which have been lately made, and are commonly known by the name of Animal Electricity.
  • 1791 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , On the Method of Measuring Distances by means of Telescopes furnished with Micrometers.
  • 1790 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , A Description of a new Pyrometer.
  • 1789 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , Magnetical Experiments and Observations.
  • 1788 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , On an Improvement in the Blow Pipe.
  • 1787 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , Of the Methods of manifesting the Presence, and ascertaining the Quality, of small Quantities of Natural or Artificial Electricity.
  • 1786 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , Magnetical Experiments and Observations.
  • 1785 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , Magnetical Experiments and Observations.
  • 1784 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , An Account of some Experiments made with the new improved Air Pump.
  • 1783 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , Description of an improved Air Pump.
  • 1782 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , An Account of some Experiments relating to the Property of Common and Inflammable Airs of pervading the Pores of Paper.
  • 1781 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , An Account of some Thermometrical Experiments.
  • 1780 Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo
    Tiberius Cavallo was an Italian physicist and natural philosopher.-Life:He was born at Naples, where his father was a physician....

    , Thermometrical Experiments and Observations.
  • 1779 John Ingen-Housz
    Jan Ingenhousz
    Jan Ingenhousz or Ingen-Housz FRS was a Dutch physiologist, biologist and chemist. He is best known for showing that light is essential to photosynthesis and thus having discovered photosynthesis. He also discovered that plants, like animals, have cellular respiration...

    , Improvements in Electricity.
  • 1778 John Ingen-Housz
    Jan Ingenhousz
    Jan Ingenhousz or Ingen-Housz FRS was a Dutch physiologist, biologist and chemist. He is best known for showing that light is essential to photosynthesis and thus having discovered photosynthesis. He also discovered that plants, like animals, have cellular respiration...

    , Electrical Experiments to explain how far the Phenomena of the Electrophorus may be accounted for by Dr Franklins Theory of Positive and Negative Electricity.
  • 1777 Peter Woulfe
    Peter Woulfe
    Peter Woulfe was an Irish chemist and mineralogist. He first had the idea that wolframite might contain a previously undiscovered element .In 1779, Woulfe reported the formation of a yellow dye when indigo was treated with nitric acid...

  • 1776 Peter Woulfe
    Peter Woulfe
    Peter Woulfe was an Irish chemist and mineralogist. He first had the idea that wolframite might contain a previously undiscovered element .In 1779, Woulfe reported the formation of a yellow dye when indigo was treated with nitric acid...

  • 1775 Peter Woulfe
    Peter Woulfe
    Peter Woulfe was an Irish chemist and mineralogist. He first had the idea that wolframite might contain a previously undiscovered element .In 1779, Woulfe reported the formation of a yellow dye when indigo was treated with nitric acid...

    , Experiments made in order to ascertain the nature of some Mineral Substances, and in particular to see how far the Acids of Sea-Salt and of Vitriol contribute to Mineralize Metallic and other Substances.

External links