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Gifu Prefecture

Gifu Prefecture

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is a prefecture
Prefectures of Japan
The prefectures of Japan are the country's 47 subnational jurisdictions: one "metropolis" , Tokyo; one "circuit" , Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures , Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures . In Japanese, they are commonly referred to as...

 located in the Chūbu
Chubu region
The is the central region of Honshū, Japan's main island. Chūbu has a population estimate of 21,886,324 as of 2008.Chūbu, which means "central region", encompasses nine prefectures : Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, Yamanashi, and often Mie.It is located directly...

 region of central Japan. Its capital is the city of Gifu
Gifu, Gifu
is a city located in the south-central portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga, used...

.

Located in the center of Japan, it has long played an important part as the crossroads of Japan, connecting the east to the west through such routes as the Nakasendō
Nakasendo
The , also called the , was one of the five routes of the Edo period, and one of the two that connected Edo to Kyoto in Japan. There were 69 stations between Edo and Kyoto, crossing through Musashi, Kōzuke, Shinano, Mino and Ōmi provinces...

. During the Sengoku period
Sengoku period
The or Warring States period in Japanese history was a time of social upheaval, political intrigue, and nearly constant military conflict that lasted roughly from the middle of the 15th century to the beginning of the 17th century. The name "Sengoku" was adopted by Japanese historians in reference...

, many people referred to Gifu by saying, "control Gifu and you control Japan."

History


The land area that makes up modern-day Gifu became part of the Yamato Court
Yamato period
The is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province.While conventionally assigned to the period 250–710 , the actual start of Yamato rule is disputed...

 around the middle of the fourth century. Because it is in the middle of the island of Honshū
Honshu
is the largest island of Japan. The nation's main island, it is south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Strait...

, it has been the site of many decisive battles throughout Japan's history, the oldest major one being the Jinshin War
Jinshin War
The was a succession dispute in Japan which broke out in 672 following the death of Emperor Tenji. The name refers to the jinshin or ninth year of the sixty-year Jikkan Jūnishi calendrical cycle, corresponding to the Western year 673....

 in 672, which led to the establishment of Emperor Temmu
Emperor Temmu
was the 40th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Temmu's reign lasted from 672 until his death in 686.-Traditional narrative:...

 as the 40th emperor of Japan.

The area of Gifu Prefecture consists of the old provinces of Hida
Hida Province
is an old province located in the area of Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called . The province was in the Tōsandō area of central Honshu.-History:...

 and Mino
Mino Province
, one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called . Mino Province bordered Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Ōmi, Owari, and Shinano Provinces....

, as well as smaller parts of Echizen
Echizen Province
was an old province of Japan, which is today the northern part of Fukui Prefecture. It was sometimes called , with Etchū and Echigo Provinces.Echizen is famous for washi . A text dated AD 774 mentions the washi made in this area. Echizen-produced Washi is still the most commonly sold traditional...

 and Shinano
Shinano Province
or is an old province of Japan that is now present day Nagano Prefecture.Shinano bordered on Echigo, Etchū, Hida, Kai, Kōzuke, Mikawa, Mino, Musashi, Suruga, and Tōtōmi Provinces...

. The name of the prefecture derives from its capital city, Gifu
Gifu, Gifu
is a city located in the south-central portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga, used...

, which was named by Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
was the initiator of the unification of Japan under the shogunate in the late 16th century, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. He was also a major daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japanese history. His opus was continued, completed and finalized by his successors Toyotomi...

 during his campaign to unify all of Japan in 1567. The first character used comes from Qishan (山), a legendary mountain from which most of China was unified, whereas the second character comes from Qufu
Qufu
Qufu is a city in southwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is located at 35° 36′ northern latitude and 117° 02′ east, about south of the provincial capital Jinan and northeast of the prefecture seat at Jining...

 (曲), the birthplace of Confucius
Confucius
Confucius , literally "Master Kong", was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period....

. Nobunaga chose those characters because he wanted to unify all of Japan and he wanted to be viewed as a great mind.

Historically, the prefecture served as the center of swordmaking in all of Japan, with Seki
Seki, Gifu
is a city located in Gifu, Japan.The city was founded on October 15, 1950.On February 7, 2005, the municipalities of Horado, Itadori, Kaminoho, Mugegawa and Mugi, all part of Mugi District, were merged into the present-day city...

 being known for making the best swords in Japan. More recently, its strengths have been in fashion (primarily in the city of Gifu) and aerospace engineering (Kakamigahara
Kakamigahara, Gifu
is a city located in the Gifu Prefecture of central Japan. It was founded on 1 April 1963 by the merger of Naka, Sohara, Unuma, and Inaba. Kakamigahara covers a total area of...

).

On October 28, 1891, the present-day city of Motosu
Motosu, Gifu
is a city located in the south west of Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 34,997. The total area is 374.57 km².-History:On October 28, 1891, the Mino-Owari earthquake, the largest earthquake to hit Japan, struck...

 was the epicenter
Epicenter
The epicenter or epicentre is the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates...

 for the Mino-Owari earthquake
1891 Mino-Owari earthquake
The was a large earthquake that struck the former provinces of Mino and Owari in the Nōbi Plain area during the Meiji period in Japan. It is also referred to as the Nōbi Earthquake or the Great Nōbi Earthquake . It is the largest known inland earthquake in Japan.-History:The earthquake struck on...

, the second largest earthquake to ever hit Japan. The earthquake, estimated at 8.0 earthquake, left a huge cleft in the ground that can still be seen today.

Geography



One of the few landlocked prefectures in Japan, Gifu shares borders with seven other prefectures: Aichi
Aichi Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region. The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region. The capital is Nagoya. It is the focus of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area.- History :...

, Fukui
Fukui Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Fukui.- Prehistory :The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded the Fukuiraptor kitadaniensis and Fukuisaurus tetoriensis as well as an unnamed...

, Ishikawa
Ishikawa Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island. The capital is Kanazawa.- History :Ishikawa was formed from the merger of Kaga Province and the smaller Noto Province.- Geography :Ishikawa is on the Sea of Japan coast...

, Mie
Mie Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan which is part of the Kansai regions on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Tsu.- History :Until the Meiji Restoration, Mie prefecture was known as Ise Province and Iga Province....

, Nagano
Nagano Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of the island of Honshū. The capital is the city of Nagano.- History :Nagano was formerly known as the province of Shinano...

, Shiga
Shiga Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan, which forms part of the Kansai region on Honshu Island. The capital is the city of Ōtsu.- History :Shiga was known as Ōmi Province or Gōshū before the prefectural system was established...

 and Toyama
Toyama Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Hokuriku region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Toyama.Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity due to abundant water resources....

. Japan's postal codes all start with a three-digit number, ranging from 001 to 999. Part of Gifu has the 500 prefix, reflecting its location in the center of Japan.
The center of Japanese population is currently located in Seki City, Gifu Prefecture. The center of population is a hypothetical point at which a country is perfectly balanced assuming each person has a uniform weight. The spot was calculated using the 2005 census.

Regions


Gifu has five unofficial regions, which allows local municipalities to work together to promote the surrounding area. The five regions are Seinō
Seino
is the southwestern portion of Gifu Prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. Before Gifu became a prefecture, the area was part of Mino Province. The Seinō region received its name as a combination of the kanji for "west" and "Mino" and is sometimes referred to by the unabbreviated name of Nishi...

, Gifu
Gifu (region)
is the southcentral portion of Gifu Prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. It shares its name with the prefecture and the capital city of Gifu. The borders of this region are not officially set, but it generally consists of the following cities and towns: Gifu, Kakamigahara, Hashima, Mizuho,...

, Chūnō
Chuño
Chuño is a freeze-dried potato product traditionally made by Quechua and Aymara communities of Bolivia and Peru, and is known in various countries of South America, including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru...

, Tōnō
Tono
Tono can refer to:Locations*Bay of Tono, in Italy*Tono River, in East Timor*Tōno, Iwate, a city in Japan*Tōnō, a region of Gifu Prefecture, Japan*Tono, Washington, a town in Washington, USA*Pasar Tono, a town in East TimorPeople...

 and Hida
Hida (region)
is the northern portion of Gifu Prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. The Hida region received its name because the area was formerly part of Hida Province, before the formation of prefectures in Japan. The borders of this region are not officially set, but it generally consists of the following...

. The borders of the regions are loosely defined, but they are usually delineated among major cities.

Topography


The northern Hida region
Hida (region)
is the northern portion of Gifu Prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. The Hida region received its name because the area was formerly part of Hida Province, before the formation of prefectures in Japan. The borders of this region are not officially set, but it generally consists of the following...

 is dominated by tall mountains, including parts of the Japanese Alps
Japanese Alps
The is a series of mountain ranges in Japan that bisect the main island of Honshū. The name was coined by William Gowland, the "Father of Japanese Archaeology," and later popularized by Reverend Walter Weston , an English missionary for whom a memorial plaque is located at Kamikochi, a tourist...

. The southern Mino
Mino Province
, one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called . Mino Province bordered Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Ōmi, Owari, and Shinano Provinces....

 region is mostly parts of the fertile Nōbi Plain
Nobi Plain
The is a large plain in Japan that stretches from the Mino area of southwest Gifu Prefecture to the Owari area of northwest Aichi Prefecture, covering an area of approximately . It is an alluvial plain created by the Kiso Three Rivers and has very fertile soil...

, a vast plains area with arable soil. Most of the prefecture's population lives in the southern part of the prefecture, near the designated city of Nagoya
Nagoya, Aichi
is the third-largest incorporated city and the fourth most populous urban area in Japan.Located on the Pacific coast in the Chūbu region on central Honshu, it is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, Chiba, and Moji...

.

The mountainous Hida region contains both the Hida Mountains
Hida Mountains
The , or , is a Japanese mountain range which stretches through Nagano, Toyama and Gifu prefectures. A small portion of the mountains also reach into Niigata Prefecture. William Gowland coined the phrase "Japanese Alps" during his time in Japan, but he was only referring to the Hida Mountains when...

,which are referred to as the "Northern Alps," and the Kiso Mountains
Kiso Mountains
are a mountain range in Nagano and Gifu prefectures in Japan. They are also called the and they combine with the Hida Mountains and the Akaishi Mountains to form a group collectively known as the Japanese Alps.- Outline :...

, which are known as the "Central Alps" in Japan. The Ryōhaku Mountains
Ryohaku Mountains
The are a mountain range spanning Gifu, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui and Shiga prefectures in Japan. It is divided into the Kaetsu Mountains , whose major peak is Mount Haku, and the Etsumi Mountains , whose major peak is Mount Nōgōhaku. The range derives its name from the two major peaks, which both...

 are also located in the Hida region. Other major ranges include the Ibuki Mountains
Ibuki Mountains
The are a mountain range straddling the border between Gifu and Shiga prefectures in Japan. After lowering and nearly disappearing in Shiga Prefecture, the range continues as the Suzuka Mountains...

 and the Yōrō Mountains
Yoro Mountains
The are a mountain range straddling the border between Gifu and Mie prefectures in Japan. They form part of the western border of the Nōbi Plain.-Geography:...

.

Much of the Mino region is made up of the alluvial plain
Alluvial plain
An alluvial plain is a relatively flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms...

 of the Kiso Three Rivers
Kiso Three Rivers
The refers to the three major rivers that make up the alluvial plain area of the Nōbi Plain of Japan. The three rivers are the Kiso River, the Ibi River and the Nagara River...

, which are the Ibi River
Ibi River
The is a tributary of the Kiso River located in Gifu and Mie Prefectures in Japan. Along with the Nagara and Kiso rivers, the Ibi is the third of the Kiso Three Rivers of the Nōbi Plain. It is one of Japan's first-class rivers...

, Kiso River
Kiso River
The is a river in Japan roughly 193 km long, flowing through the prefectures of Nagano, Gifu, Aichi, and Mie before emptying into Ise Bay a short distance away from the city of Nagoya. It is the main river of the Kiso Three Rivers and forms a major part of the Nōbi Plain...

 and Nagara River
Nagara River
The has its source in the city of Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, and its mouth in the city of Kuwana, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Along with the Kiso River and Ibi River, the Nagara River is one of the Kiso Three Rivers of the Nōbi Plain. Previously, the river was named Sunomata River . With a length of , it...

. The source for all three rivers is located in Nagano Prefecture and they eventually run through Aichi and Mie prefectures before emptying into Ise Bay
Ise Bay
Ise Bay is a bay located at the mouth of the Kiso River between Mie and Aichi Prefectures in Japan. Ise Bay has an average depth of 19.5 metres and a maximum depth of 30 metres toward the centre. The mouth of the bay is 9 kilometres wide and is connected to the smaller Mikawa Bay by two channels:...

. Other major rivers in the prefecture include the Jinzū
Jinzu River
The is a river that flows from Gifu Prefecture to Toyama Prefecture in Japan. It is called Miya River in Gifu. It is in length and has a watershed of .-Geography:...

, Takahara
Takahara River
The has its source at Mount Norikura in the northern part of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and flows into Toyama Prefecture, where it joins with the Jinzū River...

, Shō
Sho River
The has its source in Mount Eboshi in the Shōkawa-chō area of Takayama, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. After flowing for through the northern part of Gifu Prefecture and the western part of Toyama Prefecture, it empties into Toyama Bay....

, Shōnai
Shonai River
The is a Class 1 river flowing through Gifu and Aichi prefectures in Japan. In Gifu Prefecture, it is also referred to as the Toki River ; around the city of Kasugai in Aichi Prefecture, it is referred to as the Tamano River .-Geography:The river originates at Mount Yūdachi in Ena, Gifu Prefecture...

, Yahagi
Yahagi River
The is a river that flows from Nagano Prefecture's Mount Ōkawairi, through Gifu Prefecture, and enters Mikawa Bay from Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It is one of Japan's first-class rivers.-Geography:...

 and Itoshiro
Itoshiro River
The is a river through Gifu and Fukui prefectures in Japan.-Geography:The Ishitoro River flows from Mount Chōshi on the borders of Gujō and Takayama in Gifu Prefecture and flows south before emptying into the Kuzuryū River near Ōno in Fukui Prefecture.There are two majors damns along the river,...

 rivers.

Weather


Because the Mino region is surrounded by low mountains, the temperature fluctuates through the year, from hot summers to cold winters. The eastern city of Tajimi
Tajimi, Gifu
is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of April 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 112,165, with 40,413 number of households. The total area is 91.24 km²....

, for example, often records the hottest temperature in Japan each year. On August 16, 2007, it set the record for the hottest day recorded in Japan's history—40.9 degrees Celsius. Summers are hotter, as the landlocked area becomes a heat island, and the temperature rises even further when hot, dry foehn winds blow over the Ibuki Mountains from the Kansai region. The Hida region, with its higher elevation, is generally cooler than the Mino region, although there are sometimes extremely hot days there, too. Shōkawa-chō
Shokawa, Gifu
was a village located in Ōno District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.On February 1, 2005 Shōkawa, along with the town of Kuguno, and the villages of Asahi, Kiyomi, Miya, Nyūkawa and Takane, all from Ōno District, the town of Kokufu, and the village of Kamitakara, from Yoshiki District, was merged into the...

, part of the city of Takayama
Takayama, Gifu
is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of July, 2011 the city has an estimated population of 92,369. The total area is .Takayama was settled as far back as the Jōmon period. Takayama is best known for its inhabitants' expertise in carpentry. It is believed carpenters from Takayama worked on the...

, is located up in the mountains, and its location has led it to be called the coldest inhabited place on Honshū.

Municipalities



All of the cities, towns, villages and districts of Gifu Prefecture are listed below

Cities


Twenty-one cities are located in Gifu Prefecture:
  • Ena
    Ena, Gifu
    is a city located in the Tōnō region of Gifu Prefecture, Japan. As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 53,378. The total area is 504.19 km²....

  • Gero
    Gero, Gifu
    is a city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The city is famous for its hot springs. The Hida River runs throughout the city.-History:The city was established on March 1, 2004 by the merger of the towns of Gero, Hagiwara, Kanayama and Osaka, and the village of Maze, all from Mashita...

  • Gifu
    Gifu, Gifu
    is a city located in the south-central portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga, used...

     (capital)
  • Gujō
    Gujo, Gifu
    is a city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 43,960. The total area is 1,030.79 km².-History:...

  • Hashima
    Hashima, Gifu
    is a city located in the Gifu Prefecture of central Japan.Hashima covers a total area of 87.77 km². As of July 2011 the city has an estimated population of 67,041 inhabitants.The city was founded on 1 April 1954.-External links:*...

  • Hida
    Hida, Gifu
    is the northernmost city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It received its name from the historical province of Hida Province, which was centered around the same area.The official kanji for the city is actually 飛驒, which uses the old rendering of the 騨 character...

  • Kakamigahara
    Kakamigahara, Gifu
    is a city located in the Gifu Prefecture of central Japan. It was founded on 1 April 1963 by the merger of Naka, Sohara, Unuma, and Inaba. Kakamigahara covers a total area of...

  • Kani
    Kani, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 97,435. The total area is 87.60 km².The city was founded on April 1, 1982 when the gained city status. The town of Kani was formed in 1955 by a merger of 7 towns and villages in the western part of Kani...

  • Kaizu
    Kaizu, Gifu
    is a city located in the southwest portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Most of the city is located at sea level and is well-known for levees surrounding the area. The city was formed on March 28, 2005 through a merger of the towns of Kaizu, Hirata and Nannō, all belonging to Kaizu...

  • Mino
    Mino, Gifu
    is a city located in the Gifu Prefecture of central Japan.Founded on 1 April 1954, Mino covers a total area of 117.05 km². As of July 2011 the city had an estimated population of 22,447 inhabitants....

  • Minokamo
    Minokamo, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and was formed on April 1, 1954.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 54,944. The total area is 74.81 km².-Rail:*JR Central:**Takayama Main Line: Mino-Ōta Station, Kobi Station...

  • Mizuho
    Mizuho, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 52,269, with the number of households being 19,567...

  • Mizunami
    Mizunami, Gifu
    is a city located in the Tōnō region of Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 40,030. The total area is 175.00 km².The city was founded on April 1, 1954....

  • Motosu
    Motosu, Gifu
    is a city located in the south west of Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 34,997. The total area is 374.57 km².-History:On October 28, 1891, the Mino-Owari earthquake, the largest earthquake to hit Japan, struck...

  • Nakatsugawa
    Nakatsugawa, Gifu
    is a city located in the Tōnō region of Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1952.-History:During Japan's Edo period, Nakatsugawa was a post town, known as Nakatsugawa-juku, one of the 69 Stations of the Nakasendō along the Nakasendō. The travel route ran from the Nihonbashi in...

  • Ōgaki
    Ogaki, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1918. As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 160,999 and a total area of .Ōgaki was the final destination for the haiku poet Matsuo Bashō...

  • Seki
    Seki, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan.The city was founded on October 15, 1950.On February 7, 2005, the municipalities of Horado, Itadori, Kaminoho, Mugegawa and Mugi, all part of Mugi District, were merged into the present-day city...

  • Tajimi
    Tajimi, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of April 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 112,165, with 40,413 number of households. The total area is 91.24 km²....

  • Takayama
    Takayama, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of July, 2011 the city has an estimated population of 92,369. The total area is .Takayama was settled as far back as the Jōmon period. Takayama is best known for its inhabitants' expertise in carpentry. It is believed carpenters from Takayama worked on the...

  • Toki
    Toki, Gifu
    is a city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The city is located on the Honshū island, to the southeast of Gifu City, the prefectural capital. The Toki River runs through the downtown area. Toki is known as one of the largest producers of Japanese pottery. The products made in the region are generally...

  • Yamagata
    Yamagata, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan.-History:The city was established on April 1, 2003, by merger of the towns of Miyama and Takatomi, and the village of Ijira, all from Yamagata District.-External links:*...


  • Towns and villages


    Towns and villages in each district
    Districts of Japan
    The was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States, ranking at the level below prefecture and above city, town or village. As of 2008, cities belong directly to prefectures and are independent from...

    :
    • Anpachi District
      Anpachi District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the district has an estimated population of 45,152. The total area is 62.71 km².-Merger:...

    Anpachi
    Anpachi, Gifu
    is a town located in the Anpachi District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 15,274. The total area of the town is 18.19 km². The Solar Ark, an over 300m long photovoltaic power generation facility is located in the town....

    Gōdo
    Godo, Gifu
    is a town located in Anpachi District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It is located in the southwestern portion of the prefecture and is well-known for its various flora, including roses and pines., the town has an estimated population of 19,902...

    Wanouchi
    Wanouchi, Gifu
    is a small town located in Anpachi District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 9,976. The total area is 22.36 km².- History :...

    • Fuwa District
      Fuwa District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the district has an estimated population of 36,426. The total area is 106.43 km²....

    Sekigahara
    Sekigahara, Gifu
    is a town located in Fuwa District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 7,965. The total area is 49.29 km².In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara took place here.-History:...

    Tarui
    Tarui, Gifu
    is a town located in Fuwa District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 28,461. The total area is 57.14 km².- Railroad :*JR Tōkai**Tōkaidō Main Line - Tarui Station-External links:*...

    • Hashima District
      Hashima District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan., the district has an estimated population of 46,685. The total area is 18.26 km².-Mergers:*On November 1, 2004 the town of Kawashima merged into the expanded city of Kakamigahara....

    Ginan
    Ginan, Gifu
    is a town located in Hashima District, Gifu, Japan., the town has an estimated population of 23,856. The total area is 7.90 km².-External links:*...

    Kasamatsu
    Kasamatsu, Gifu
    is a town located in Hashima District, Gifu, Japan., the town has an estimated population of 22,829. The total area is 10.36 km². The town of Kasamatsu was created in July 1889 when the village of Kasamatsu gained town status.-External links:*...

    • Ibi District
      Ibi District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan., the district has an estimated population of 72,109. The total area is 876.65 km².The area of the former village of Tokuyama in this district will be flooded by the Tokuyama Dam.-District Timeline:...

    Ibigawa
    Ibigawa, Gifu
    is a town located in Ibi District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.On January 31, 2005 the former villages of Fujihashi, Kasuga, Kuze, Sakauchi, and Tanigumi merged with Ibigawa, resulting in a nearly 20-fold increase in area....

    Ikeda
    Ikeda, Gifu
    is a town located in Ibi District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 24,915. The total area is 38.79 km².- Railway :*Yōrō Railway** Yōrō Line: - - -External links:*...

    Ōno
    Ono, Gifu
    is a town located in Ibi District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 23,796. The total area is 34.18 km².-External links:*...

    • Kamo District
      Kamo District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan.As of Jul, 2011 the district has an estimated population of 52,536. The total area is 615.17 km².-Towns and villages:*Hichisō*Higashishirakawa*Kawabe*Sakahogi*Shirakawa*Tomika*Yaotsu-District Timeline:...

    Hichisō
    Hichiso, Gifu
    is a town located in Kamo District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 4,379. The total area is 90.47 km².- Railroad :*JR Central**Takayama Main Line - Kamiasō Station-External links:*...

    Higashishirakawa
    Higashishirakawa, Gifu
    is a village located in Kamo District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the village has an estimated population of 2,480. The total area is 87.11 km².-External links:*...

    Kawabe
    Kawabe, Gifu
    is a town located in Kamo District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It is well known for the lake at Kawabe Dam along the Hida River. The town was founded in 1897.- Railroad :*JR Central**Takayama Main Line - Nakakawabe, Shimoasō-External links:*...

    Sakahogi
    Sakahogi, Gifu
    is a town located in Kamo District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 8,443. The total area is 12.89 km². The town was formed in 1968.-History:Sakahogi was formed on October 1, 1968 when the village of gained town status...

    Shirakawa
    Tomika
    Tomika, Gifu
    is a town located in Kamo District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.-History:Tomika was originally established as a village in 1954, when the villages of Tomida and Kajita merged. It received town status in 1974...

    Yaotsu
    Yaotsu, Gifu
    is a town located in Kamo District, Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 11,855. The total area is 128.81 km².Yaotsu was the birthplace of Chiune Sugihara and is home to the Chiune Sugihara Memorial.-External links:...

    • Kani District
      Kani District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. As of July 2011, the district has an estimated population of 18,709. The total area is 56.61 km².There only one town left in the district, Mitake.-District Timeline:...

    Mitake
    Mitake, Gifu
    is a town located in Kani District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the town had an estimated population of 18,709. The total area is 56.61 km².-Rail:*Nagoya Railroad**Hiromi Line - Gōdo, Mitakeguchi, Mitake-External links:*...

    • Motosu District
      Motosu District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011 the district has an estimated population of 18,389. The total area is 5.17 km².The district has only one town.*Kitagata-District Timeline:*April 1, 1959-**The village of Shinsei gained town status....

    Kitagata
    Kitagata, Gifu
    is a town located in Motosu District, Gifu, Japan.As of 2011, the town has an estimated population of 18,389. The total area is 5.17 km². The town is completely surrounded by the three cities of Gifu, Motosu and Mizuho.-External links:*...

    • Ōno District
      Ono District, Gifu
      is a district of Japan in Gifu Prefecture.The district is in a mountainous region near the geographic centre of Japan. Prior to 1 February 2005, the district comprised seven small communities, but on that day six of them merged into the expanded city of Takayama...

    Shirakawa
    Shirakawa, Gifu (village)
    is a village located in Ōno District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It is best known for being the site of Shirakawa-gō, a small, traditional village showcasing a style of buildings called gasshō-zukuri....

    • Yōrō District
      Yoro District, Gifu
      is a district located in Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the district has an estimated population of 31,058. The total area is 195.52 km².-Merger:*On March 27, 2006, the town of Kamiishizu, along with the town of Sunomata from Anpachi District, merged into the city of Ōgaki....

    Yōrō
    Yoro, Gifu
    is a town located in Yōrō District, Gifu, Japan, on the eastern side of the Yōrō Mountains.As of July 2011, the town has an estimated population of 31,058. The total area is 72.14 km²...


    Economy


    Traditional industries such as paper-making and agriculture are found in Gifu, but its economy is dominated by manufacturing including aerospace and automotive, with industrial complexes extending from the Nagoya area. A wealth of small component manufacturing is also found, such as precision machine, dye and mold making, and plastic forming.

    Traditional industries


    The Mino region has long been known for its high-quality paper called Mino washi
    Mino washi
    is a type of Japanese paper created in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. In 1985, it was designated a Traditional Craft by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry .-History:...

    , which is stronger and thinner than most other papers in Japan, and was used by the Japanese military during World War II. Other paper-based products include Gifu Lanterns
    Gifu Lanterns
    , or Gifu Paper Lanterns, are a special product of the city of Gifu in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. They have been labeled as one of Gifu's traditional crafts...

     and Gifu Umbrellas
    Gifu Umbrellas
    , or Gifu Japanese Umbrellas, are a special product of the city of Gifu in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. They have been labeled as one of Gifu's traditional crafts.-History:...

    , made in the prefectural capital of Gifu
    Gifu, Gifu
    is a city located in the south-central portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga, used...

    . Other traditional goods include mino-yaki pottery in Tajimi
    Tajimi, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of April 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 112,165, with 40,413 number of households. The total area is 91.24 km²....

    , Toki
    Toki, Gifu
    is a city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The city is located on the Honshū island, to the southeast of Gifu City, the prefectural capital. The Toki River runs through the downtown area. Toki is known as one of the largest producers of Japanese pottery. The products made in the region are generally...

    , and Mizunami
    Mizunami, Gifu
    is a city located in the Tōnō region of Gifu, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 40,030. The total area is 175.00 km².The city was founded on April 1, 1954....

    , cutlery
    Cutlery
    Cutlery refers to any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food in the Western world. It is more usually known as silverware or flatware in the United States, where cutlery can have the more specific meaning of knives and other cutting instruments. This is probably the...

     in Seki
    Seki, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan.The city was founded on October 15, 1950.On February 7, 2005, the municipalities of Horado, Itadori, Kaminoho, Mugegawa and Mugi, all part of Mugi District, were merged into the present-day city...

    , and lacquerware
    Lacquerware
    Lacquerware are objects decoratively covered with lacquer. The lacquer is sometimes inlaid or carved. Lacquerware includes boxes, tableware, buttons and even coffins painted with lacquer in cultures mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.-History:...

     in Takayama
    Takayama, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of July, 2011 the city has an estimated population of 92,369. The total area is .Takayama was settled as far back as the Jōmon period. Takayama is best known for its inhabitants' expertise in carpentry. It is believed carpenters from Takayama worked on the...

    .

    Because Gifu has vast, arable plains, agriculture is also a major industry. The forests in the north provide materials for woodworking and for the viewing boats used in cormorant fishing
    Cormorant Fishing on the Nagara River
    has played a vital role in the history of the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Throughout its long history, it evolved from a means to live, to a profitable industry, to a major tourist draw...

    . Sake is often brewed with clear water from the rivers.

    Modern industries


    Kakamigahara
    Kakamigahara, Gifu
    is a city located in the Gifu Prefecture of central Japan. It was founded on 1 April 1963 by the merger of Naka, Sohara, Unuma, and Inaba. Kakamigahara covers a total area of...

     has a large role in the prefecture's modern industries. It boasts large aerospace facilities of both Kawasaki Heavy Industries
    Kawasaki Heavy Industries
    is an international corporation based in Japan. It has headquarters in both Chūō-ku, Kobe and Minato, Tokyo.The company is named after its founder Shōzō Kawasaki and has no connection with the city of Kawasaki, Kanagawa....

     and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
    Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
    , or MHI, is a Japanese company. It is one of the core companies of Mitsubishi Group.-History:In 1870 Yataro Iwasaki, the founder of Mitsubishi took a lease of Government-owned Nagasaki Shipyard. He named it Nagasaki Shipyard & Machinery Works, and started the shipbuilding business on a full scale...

    , as well as many metalworking
    Metalworking
    Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large scale structures. The term covers a wide range of work from large ships and bridges to precise engine parts and delicate jewelry. It therefore includes a correspondingly wide range of skills,...

     and manufacturing
    Manufacturing
    Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale...

     companies.

    Information technology (IT) is gaining a foothold in the prefecture with both Softopia Japan in Ōgaki
    Ogaki, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1918. As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 160,999 and a total area of .Ōgaki was the final destination for the haiku poet Matsuo Bashō...

     and VR Techno Japan (part of Techno Plaza) in Kakamigahara. The capital city of Gifu, located between Ōgaki and Kakamigahara, is also working to strengthen its IT fields, too.

    Tourism


    Gifu has many popular tourist attractions, bringing visitors to all parts of the prefecture. The most popular places are Gifu, Gero
    Gero, Gifu
    is a city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The city is famous for its hot springs. The Hida River runs throughout the city.-History:The city was established on March 1, 2004 by the merger of the towns of Gero, Hagiwara, Kanayama and Osaka, and the village of Maze, all from Mashita...

    , Shirakawa
    Shirakawa, Gifu (village)
    is a village located in Ōno District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It is best known for being the site of Shirakawa-gō, a small, traditional village showcasing a style of buildings called gasshō-zukuri....

     and Takayama
    Takayama, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of July, 2011 the city has an estimated population of 92,369. The total area is .Takayama was settled as far back as the Jōmon period. Takayama is best known for its inhabitants' expertise in carpentry. It is believed carpenters from Takayama worked on the...

    . Gifu is famous for cormorant fishing
    Cormorant Fishing on the Nagara River
    has played a vital role in the history of the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Throughout its long history, it evolved from a means to live, to a profitable industry, to a major tourist draw...

    , which has a history of over 1,300 years, as for being a long-term residence of both Oda Nobunaga and Saitō Dōsan
    Saito Dosan
    was a daimyo who dramatically rose and also fell from power in Sengoku period Japan. He was also known as the for his ruthless tactics.-Life:Originally a wealthy merchant from Yamashiro Province , he entered the service of Nagai Nagahiro of Mino Province , assuming the name Nishimura Kankurô.He...

    . Gero is known for its relaxing hot spring
    Hot spring
    A hot spring is a spring that is produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater from the Earth's crust. There are geothermal hot springs in many locations all over the crust of the earth.-Definitions:...

    s, which attract visitors throughout the year. Shirakawa's historic villages
    Historic Villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama
    The Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama are one of Japan's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The site is located in the Shogawa river valley stretching across the border of Gifu and Toyama Prefectures in northern Japan. Shirakawa-gō is located in the village of Shirakawa in Gifu Prefecture...

     are a UNESCO World Heritage Site
    World Heritage Site
    A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance...

    . Takayama is famous for retaining its original appearance and is often referred to as Little Kyoto
    Kyoto
    is a city in the central part of the island of Honshū, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan, it is now the capital of Kyoto Prefecture, as well as a major part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area.-History:...

    .

    In addition to international tourists, Gifu also plays host to many international events. The World Event and Convention Complex Gifu is available for many types of events. Other areas of Gifu, too, bring international events. The World Rowing Championships
    World Rowing Championships
    The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA . It is a week long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland in 1962...

     were held in the city of Kaizu
    Kaizu, Gifu
    is a city located in the southwest portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Most of the city is located at sea level and is well-known for levees surrounding the area. The city was formed on March 28, 2005 through a merger of the towns of Kaizu, Hirata and Nannō, all belonging to Kaizu...

     in 2005. The FIS Snowboard World Cup
    FIS Snowboard World Cup
    The FIS Snowboard World Cup is an annual snowboarding competition, arranged by the International Ski Federation since 1998.-Overall:-Giant Slalom:-Slalom:-Halfpipe:-Snowboard Cross:-Parallel Slalom / Parallel Giant Slalom:-Overall:...

     was held in the city of Gujo
    Gujo, Gifu
    is a city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.As of July 2011, the city has an estimated population of 43,960. The total area is 1,030.79 km².-History:...

     in 2008. The APEC Japan 2010 SME Ministerial Meetings were held in Gifu City.

    Science


    The Kamioka area of the city of Hida
    Hida, Gifu
    is the northernmost city in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It received its name from the historical province of Hida Province, which was centered around the same area.The official kanji for the city is actually 飛驒, which uses the old rendering of the 騨 character...

     is home to the Super-Kamiokande
    Super-Kamiokande
    Super-Kamiokande is a neutrino observatory which is under Mount Kamioka near the city of Hida, Gifu Prefecture, Japan...

     and KamLAND experiments, neutrino and antineutrino observatories, respectively. Located 1000 m (3,281 ft) underground in Kamioka Mining and Smelting Co.'s Mozumi Mine, the detector searches for neutrinos (and antineutrinos) from the high atmosphere, the sun and supernovae, and for KamLAND, from regional nuclear reactors. The Super-Kamiokande consists of a cylindrical stainless steel tank that is 41.4 m (135.8 ft) tall and 39.3 m (128.9 ft) in diameter holding 50,000 tons of ultra-pure water. Some of the 11,146 photomultiplier tubes are on display at the Miraikan in Tokyo. The same facility also hosts CLIO
    CLIO
    CLIO is the Cryogenic Laser Interferometer Observatory, a prototype detector for gravitational waves. It is testing cryogenic mirror technologies for the future Large Cryogenic Gravity Telescope ....

    , a prototype detector for gravitational waves.

    Demographics


    The prefecture's population was 2,101,969, as of September 1, 2007, with approximately 1.8 million people in the cities and the rest in towns and villages. The percentage of male and female residents is 48.4% and 51.6%, respectively. 14.4% of the population is no more than 14 years old, with 22.1% of the population being at least 65 years old.

    According to Japan's census, the country's center of population
    Center of population
    In demographics, the center of population of a region is a geographical point that describes a centerpoint of the region's population...

     is located in Gifu Prefecture. In 2000, it was located in the former town of Mugi, which has since merged with Seki
    Seki, Gifu
    is a city located in Gifu, Japan.The city was founded on October 15, 1950.On February 7, 2005, the municipalities of Horado, Itadori, Kaminoho, Mugegawa and Mugi, all part of Mugi District, were merged into the present-day city...

    . In the most recent census in 2005, the center of population has moved slightly more to the east, but is still located within Gifu.

    Education



    • Asahi University
      Asahi University
      is a private university in Mizuho, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The school was first founded in 1971 as Gifu Dental University . It was renamed Asahi University in 1985 when the management department was added.-External links:*...

    • Chubu Gakuin University
      Chubu Gakuin University
      is a private university at Seki, Gifu, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1918.-External links:*...

    • Chukyo Gakuin University
      Chukyo Gakuin University
      is a private university at Nakatsugawa, Gifu, Japan. The school was founded as a junior college in 1966 and became a four-year college in 1993.-External links:*...

    • Gifu City Women's College
      Gifu City Women's College
      is a public college in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, founded in 1946. Its abbreviated name is Gijotan .-Academic departments:*Department of English*Department of International Culture Studies*Department of Food and Nutrition...

    • Gifu College of Nursing
      Gifu College of Nursing
      is a public university at Hashima, Gifu, Japan, established in 2000.-External links:*...

    • Gifu Keizai University
      Gifu Keizai University
      is a private university at Ogaki, Gifu, Japan, founded in 1967.-External links:*...

    • Gifu Pharmaceutical University
      Gifu Pharmaceutical University
      is a municipal university located in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1932, and it was chartered as a university in 1949.-International exchanges:...


    • Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
      Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
      is a private university in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The school was founded in 1972 as the and adopted the present name in 1998. Its name is sometimes abbreviated to Shōtoku or Gishōdai . It has main campuses in both Gifu and nearby Hashima, as well as a junior college campus in...

    • Gifu University
      Gifu University
      is a national university in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It is sometimes abbreviated as Gidai or Gifudai , with "Gifudai" being the abbreviation most commonly used throughout Japan.-Faculties and graduate schools:...

    • Gifu University of Medical Science
      Gifu University of Medical Science
      is a private university in Seki, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, established in 2006.-External links:*...

    • Gifu Women's University
      Gifu Women's University
      is a four-year private university in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and founded in 1968. Its name is abbreviated as Gifu Joshi Dai or G.W.U.-External links:*...

    • Institute of Advanced Media Arts and Sciences
      Institute of Advanced Media Arts and Sciences
      or IAMAS is a public university at Ogaki, Gifu, Japan, founded in 2001.-External links:*...

    • Tokai Gakuin University
      Tokai Gakuin University
      is a private university in Kakamigahara, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The predecessor of the school, founded in 1961, was chartered as in 1981. In 2007, the school adopted the present name.-External links:*...




    Rail



    • JR Central
      • Tokaido Shinkansen – Gifu-Hashima Station
        Gifu-Hashima Station
        is a train station in Hashima, Gifu, Japan on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen. The station opened on October 1, 1964.Gifu-Hashima is the sole Shinkansen station in Gifu Prefecture...

      • Tokaido Line
      • Takayama Line
      • Chuo Line
        Chuo Line
        Chūō Line can refer to several train lines in Japan:*Chūō Main Line between Tokyo and Nagoya**Chūō Line , rapid service on the Chūō Main Line in Tokyo**Chūō-Sōbu Line, local service on the Chūō Main Line in Tokyo*Chūō Line , a subway in Osaka...

      • Taita Line
        Taita Line
        The is part of the Central Japan Railway Company network in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It operates from Tajimi Station in the city of Tajimi through Kani to Mino-Ōta Station in Minokamo...


    • Meitetsu
      • Nagoya Line
      • Kakamigahara Line
        Meitetsu Kakamigahara Line
        The is a railway line in Gifu Prefecture, Japan operated by Nagoya Railroad between Meitetsu-Gifu Station in the city of Gifu and Shin-Unuma Station in Kakamigahara.- Stations :● L: ● S: ● E: ● MU:...

      • Hashima Line
        Meitetsu Hashima Line
        The is a Japanese railway line entirely within Hashima, Gifu Prefecture. It is owned and run by Nagoya Railroad .-Stations:...

      • Takehana Line
        Meitetsu Takehana Line
        The is a Japanese railway line connecting Kasamatsu with Hashima within Gifu Prefecture. It is owned and run by Nagoya Railroad .-History:...

      • Hiromi Line
        Meitetsu Hiromi Line
        The is a Japanese railway line operated by Nagoya Railroad that runs from Inuyama Station in Inuyama, Aichi to Mitake Station in Mitake, Gifu. From 2007, all stations from Inuyama to Shin Kani accept the Tranpass prepaid magnetic card.- Stations :● RLE: ● LE:...

      • Inuyama Line
        Meitetsu Inuyama Line
        The is a Japanese railway line operated by Nagoya Railroad that runs from the Biwajima Junction in Kiyosu, Aichi to Shin-Unuma Station in Kakamigahara, Gifu.- Stations :● ● ● ● ● ● ●...


    • Yoro Railway
    • Nagaragawa Railway
    • Tarumi Railway
    • Akechi Railway


    Expressway and Toll Road

    • Meishin Expressway
      Meishin Expressway
      The is a toll expressway in Japan. It runs from a junction with the Tomei Expressway in Nagakute, Aichi west to Nishinomiya, Hyōgo . It is the main road link between Osaka and Nagoya, and, along with the Tōmei Expressway, forms the main road link between Osaka and Tokyo...

    • Chuo Expressway
      Chuo Expressway
      The is a national expressway in Japan. It is owned and operated by Central Nippon Expressway Company.-Naming:Officially the expressway is designated as the Chūō Expressway Nishinomiya Route , the Chūō Expressway Nagano Route , and the Chūō Expressway Fujiyoshida Route The (lit. Central...

    • Tokai Hokuriku Expressway
      Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
      The is a national expressway in the Chūbu region on the island of Honshū in Japan. It is managed by Central Nippon Expressway Company.-Overview:Tōkai and Hokuriku are the names of the two regions of Japan that are linked by the expressway....

    • Tokai Loop Expressway
      Tokai-Kanjo Expressway
      The is a toll road in the Tōkai region of Japan. It is owned and managed by Central Nippon Expressway Company.-Naming:Officially, the route is designated as National Route 475...

    • Chubu Jukan Expressway
    • Hakusan Forest Road
    • Mount Ibuki Toll Road
    • Nagaragawa Riversideway

    National Highway



    • Route 19
      Japan National Route 19
      National Route 19 is a national highway connecting Nagoya and Nagano in Japan.-Route Data:*Length: 258.9 km *Origin: Atsuta-ku, Nagoya, Nagoya *Terminus: Nagano City...

    • Route 21
      Japan National Route 21
      is a national highway connecting Mizunami, Gifu Prefecture and Maibara, Shiga Prefecture in Japan.-Route Data:*Length: *Origin: Mizunami *Terminus: Maibara...

    • Route 22
      Japan National Route 22
      is a national highway connecting Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, and Gifu, Gifu Prefecture in Japan. The route follows the old Minoji, a 17th century trade route that connected the Nakasendō and the Tōkaidō.-Route data:*Length:...

    • Route 41
      Japan National Route 41
      is a national highway connecting Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, and Toyama, Toyama Prefecture, Japan. The bulk of the road run throughs Gifu Prefecture. The route is also referred to as Yon-ichi and Shippin, based on the Japanese readings for the route numbering....

    • Route 156
    • Route 157
    • Route 158
    • Route 248

    • Route 256
    • Route 257
    • Route 258
    • Route 303
    • Route 360
    • Route 361
    • Route 363
    • Route 365

    • Route 417
    • Route 418
    • Route 419
    • Route 471
    • Route 472
    • Route 475
      Tokai-Kanjo Expressway
      The is a toll road in the Tōkai region of Japan. It is owned and managed by Central Nippon Expressway Company.-Naming:Officially, the route is designated as National Route 475...



    Prefectural symbols


    Gifu's symbol comes from the first character gi (岐) of its Japanese name, written in a stylized script, surrounded by a circle, which represents the peace and harmony of the prefectural citizen. It was chosen by contest in 1932.

    The prefectural logo (see right) expands from the red dot into the center to the outer two lines and, finally, the yellow plain. This symbol was chosen in 1991 for the development and expansion of the prefecture.

    The prefecture also has two plants (the milk vetch
    Astragalus
    Astragalus is a large genus of about 3,000 species of herbs and small shrubs, belonging to the legume family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. The genus is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere...

     and the Japanese yew
    Taxus cuspidata
    Taxus cuspidata is a member of the genus Taxus, native to Japan, Korea, northeast China and the extreme southeast of Russia....

    ) and two animals (the snow grouse and the ayu
    Ayu
    The or sweetfish, Plecoglossus altivelis, is an amphidromous fish, the only species in the genus Plecoglossus and in family Plecoglossidae. It is a relative of the smelts and is placed in the order Osmeriformes...

    ) as symbols. The milk vetch was chosen in 1954, because the prefecture is well known for its abundance of blooming milk vetch each spring. The yew was chosen in 1966, because it is the tree used to make ornamental sceptors for the emperor, many of which came from the Hida district. The snow grouse was chosen in 1961, as the birds live up in the Japanese alps and is a nationally-protected species. Ayu were chosen in 1989, because the fish is found in many prefectural rivers and is prized for its sweet taste.

    External links