is a novel by the Kurdish author Yaşar Kemal
Yaşar Kemal, is a Turkish writer. He is one of Turkey's leading writers. He has long been a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, on the strength of Memed, My Hawk....
, appeared in 1955 by Varlık Yayınları after its first publication in 1954 as an episode in the newspaper Cumhuriyet
Cumhuriyet is a centre-left Turkish daily newspaper, founded on May 7, 1924 by journalist Yunus Nadi Abalıoğlu. Based in Istanbul, it has been situated since October 17, 2005 in Mecidiyeköy. Cumhuriyet was the last newspaper to leave the old press district Cağaloğlu...
. It is Kemal's second novel. Teneke reached its 23rd edition, published 2004 by Yapı Kredi Yayınları.
The novel was published in Turkish language
Turkish is a language spoken as a native language by over 83 million people worldwide, making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. Its speakers are located predominantly in Turkey and Northern Cyprus with smaller groups in Iraq, Greece, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo,...
1962 in Bulgaria
Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...
, and was translated into various languages since 1964.
, Kemal depicts the tragic conditions, under which the landowners (aghas) in the region Çukurova
Çukurova , historically known as Cilicia, is a geographic, economic and cultural region in south-central Turkey, covering the provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay...
in southern Anatolia
Anatolia is a geographic and historical term denoting the westernmost protrusion of Asia, comprising the majority of the Republic of Turkey...
of Turkey live and the way, in which the rice planters exploit them. A young and idealist district governor , who is newly appointed there, tries to back the landowners struggling against oppression and injustice by a rice planter.
- Fikret Irmaklı - Kaymakam. A young and inexperienced district governor appointed to his first post.
- Resul Efendi - Office secretary. An old and incapable but honest man.
- Okçuoğlu Mustafa Bey - Arrogant and corrupt rice planter.
- The Doctor - Governmental official.
- Osman Ağa - Agha, rich landowner, who can not oppose his land is being overflooded.
- Memed Ali the Kurd - peasant, who does not surrender to Okçuoğlu, who intends to flood the village for planting rice.
- Zeyno Karı - Old activist woman of Kurdish origin, who incites Memed Ali to rebel against Okçuoğlu.
- Nermin - Kaymakam's fianceé, a university student far away, inspiring him to fight for the law to be respected.
The theatrical adaption of Teneke
brought Kemal the "İlhan İskender Award" in Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...
and the first prize at the Nancy International Theater Festival in 1966.
It was adapted into a theater play in two acts, and was staged by Gülriz Sururi-Engin Cezzar Theatre in Istanbul in 1965.
The play was staged in Göteborg, Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....
, (where Yaşar Kemal lived for two years at the end of the 1970s), where it played for almost a year.
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...
A composer is a person who creates music, either by musical notation or oral tradition, for interpretation and performance, or through direct manipulation of sonic material through electronic media...
Fabio Vacchi is an Italian composer born in 1949 in Bologna.-Training and debut:Fabio Vacchi studied at the G.B. Martini Conservatory of Bologna with Giacomo Manzoni and Tito Gotti. In 1974 he participated in the courses of the Tanglewood Festival in the USA, where he was awarded the Koussevitzky...
created an opera in three acts with the same title, which was premiered on September 22, 2007 at the Teatro alla Scala in Milano, Italy. The libretto
A libretto is the text used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata, or musical. The term "libretto" is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as mass, requiem, and sacred cantata, or even the story line of a...
was written by the Italian poet Franco Marcoaldi.
Turkish editions Teneke
, Varlik Yayinlari (1st ed. Istanbul
Istanbul , historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople , is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and...
, 1955) Teneke
, (1st ed. Sofia
Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria and the 12th largest city in the European Union with a population of 1.27 million people. It is located in western Bulgaria, at the foot of Mount Vitosha and approximately at the centre of the Balkan Peninsula.Prehistoric settlements were excavated...
, by Parashkev Parushev (1st ed. Sofia, 1964) The Drumming-Out (in Anatolian Tales)
, Collins and Harvill Press, by Thilda Kemal (1st ed. London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...
, 1968) The Drumming-Out (in Anatolian Tales)
, Dodd, Mead and Co., by Thilda Kemal (1st ed. New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...
, 1969) 160pp Teneke
, (1st ed. Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...
, 1970) Trumslagarna (in En smutsig historia och andra berattelser)
, Gidlunds Förlag, by Tora Palm (1st ed. Stockholm
Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 851,155 in the municipality , 1.37 million in the urban area , and around 2.1 million in the metropolitan area...
, 1972) Ar'ita
, Editura univers, by Valeriu Veliman (1st ed. Bucarest, 1974.) Blikdaserne
, Gyldendal. by Jens Juhl Jensen (1st ed. Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...
, 1974) Blikdaserne
, Samlerens Bogklub, by J.J. Jensen (1st ed. Copenhagen, 1974) Anatolischer Reis
, Verlag Heinrich Scheffler, by Horst Wilfrid Brands (1st ed. Frankfurt am Main) Anatolischer Reis
, Societäts-Verlag, by H.W. Brands (1st ed. Frankfurt am Main, 1979) ISBN 3-7973-0074-3 Anatolischer Reis
DTV, by H.W. Brands (1st ed. Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...
, 1987), 112pp ISBN 3-423-10704-9 Teneke
, Giovanni Tranchida Editore. by Antonella Passaro (1st ed. Milano, 1997) Teneke (in Sogni)
, Giovanni Tranchida Editore (1st ed. Milano, 1998) Teneke
. Biblioteca Tranchida (1st ed. Milano, 1999) Calor amarillo (cuentos completos)
, Ediciones del Oriente y del Mediterraneo, by Gül Alkac e Fernando Garcia Burillo (1st ed. Guadarrama
Guadarrama is a town in the Community of Madrid in Spain.Pop: 13032 , approx. 60000 .Co-ordinates . not true...
Alteration of text
Leyla Burcu Dündar, an academic at Bilkent University
İhsan Doğramacı Bilkent University, commonly referred to as Bilkent University or Bilkent, is the first private, nonprofit university in Turkey with the fundamental aim of creating a center of excellence in higher education and research...
Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. The city has a mean elevation of , and as of 2010 the metropolitan area in the entire Ankara Province had a population of 4.4 million....
, compared the 4th edition (1972) of Teneke
by Ararat Yayınevi with the latest publication of 2004 by Yapı Kredi Yayınları in a research work. She found out that the script has been significantly altered by the editors and the publishers in between without the knowledge of the author. The text was changed essentially to purify its language from non-Turkish words. In the latest edition, the grammar has been changed, regional sayings were replaced and even some sentences were dropped. Yaşar Kemal was highly astonished as he became aware of that fact.