Taifa

Taifa

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In the history of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula , sometimes called Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe and includes the modern-day sovereign states of Spain, Portugal and Andorra, as well as the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar...

, a taifa (from ṭā'ifa, plural طوائف ṭawā'if) was an independent Muslim
Muslim
A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

-ruled principality, usually an emirate
Emirate
An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Muslim monarch styled emir.-Etymology:Etymologically emirate or amirate is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any emir ....

 or petty kingdom
Petty kingdom
A petty kingdom is one of a number of small kingdoms, described as minor or "petty" by contrast to an empire or unified kingdom that either preceded or succeeded it...

, though there was one oligarchy
Oligarchy
Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with an elite class distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, commercial, and/or military legitimacy...

, of which a number formed in the Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus was the Arabic name given to a nation and territorial region also commonly referred to as Moorish Iberia. The name describes parts of the Iberian Peninsula and Septimania governed by Muslims , at various times in the period between 711 and 1492, although the territorial boundaries...

 (Moorish
Moors
The description Moors has referred to several historic and modern populations of the Maghreb region who are predominately of Berber and Arab descent. They came to conquer and rule the Iberian Peninsula for nearly 800 years. At that time they were Muslim, although earlier the people had followed...

 Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad
Umayyad
The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four major Arab caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams, the great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph. Although the Umayyad family originally came from the...

 Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031.

Rise


The origins of the taifas must be sought in the administrative division of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba, as well in the ethnic division of the elite of this state, divided among Arabs, Berbers
Berber people
Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. They are continuously distributed from the Atlantic to the Siwa oasis, in Egypt, and from the Mediterranean to the Niger River. Historically they spoke the Berber language or varieties of it, which together form a branch...

, Iberian
Iberian Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula , sometimes called Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe and includes the modern-day sovereign states of Spain, Portugal and Andorra, as well as the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar...

 Muslims (known as Muladíes
Muladi
The Muladi were Muslims of ethnic Iberian descent or of mixed Arab, Berber and European origin, who lived in Al-Andalus during the Middle Ages. They were also called "Musalima" .-Etymology:...

- the overwhelming majority) and the Eastern European former slaves
Saqaliba
Saqaliba refers to the Slavs, particularly Slavic slaves and mercenaries in the medieval Arab world, in the Middle East, North Africa, Sicily and Al-Andalus. It is generally thought that the Arabic term is a Byzantine loanword: saqlab, siklab, saqlabi etc. is a corruption of Greek Sklavinoi for...

.

There was a second period when taifas arose, toward the middle of the 12th century, when the Almoravid rulers were in decline.

During the heyday of the taifas, in the 11th century and again in the mid 12th century, their emir
Emir
Emir , meaning "commander", "general", or "prince"; also transliterated as Amir, Aamir or Ameer) is a title of high office, used throughout the Muslim world...

s
(rulers) competed among themselves, not only militarily but also for cultural prestige. They tried to recruit the most famous poets and artisans.

Decline


Reversing the trend of the Umayyad period, when the Christian kingdoms of the north often had to pay tribute to the Caliph, the disintegration of the Caliphate left the rival Muslim kingdoms much weaker than their Christian counterparts, particularly the Castilian-Leonese monarchy, and had to submit to them, paying tributes known as parias
Parias
In medieval Spain, parias were a form of tribute paid by the taifas of al-Andalus to the Christian kingdoms of the north...

.

Due to their military weakness, taifa princes appealed for North African warriors to come fight Christian kings on two occasions. The Almoravids were invited after the fall of Toledo (1085), and the Almohad
Almohad
The Almohad Dynasty , was a Moroccan Berber-Muslim dynasty founded in the 12th century that established a Berber state in Tinmel in the Atlas Mountains in roughly 1120.The movement was started by Ibn Tumart in the Masmuda tribe, followed by Abd al-Mu'min al-Gumi between 1130 and his...

s after the fall of Lisbon
Lisbon
Lisbon is the capital city and largest city of Portugal with a population of 545,245 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Lisbon extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of 3 million on an area of , making it the 9th most populous urban...

 (1147). These warriors did not in fact help the taifa emirs but rather annexed their lands to their own North African empires.

Taifas often hired Christian mercenaries
Mercenary
A mercenary, is a person who takes part in an armed conflict based on the promise of material compensation rather than having a direct interest in, or a legal obligation to, the conflict itself. A non-conscript professional member of a regular army is not considered to be a mercenary although he...

 to fight neighbouring realms (both Christian and Muslim). The most dynamic taifa, which conquered most of its neighbours before the Almoravid invasion, was Seville
Taifa of Seville
The Taifa of Seville was a short lived medieval kingdom, in what is now southern Spain and Portugal. It originated in 1023 and lasted until 1091, and was under the rule of the Arab Abbadid family.-History:...

. Zaragoza
Zaragoza
Zaragoza , also called Saragossa in English, is the capital city of the Zaragoza Province and of the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain...

 was also very powerful and expansive, but inhibited by the neighbour Christian states of the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
The Pyrenees is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between France and Spain...

. Zaragoza, Toledo
Toledo, Spain
Toledo's Alcázar became renowned in the 19th and 20th centuries as a military academy. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 its garrison was famously besieged by Republican forces.-Economy:...

, and Badajoz
Badajoz
Badajoz is the capital of the Province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain, situated close to the Portuguese border, on the left bank of the river Guadiana, and the Madrid–Lisbon railway. The population in 2007 was 145,257....

 had previously been the border military districts of the Caliphate.

First period (11th century)

  • Albarracín
    Taifa of Albarracín
    The Taifa of Albarracín was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from 1012 to 1104.-List of Emirs:*Hudayl Djalaf 'Izz ad-Dawla: 1012-1045*Abu Marwan 'Abd al-Malik: 1045-1103*Yahya Husam ad-Dawla: 1103-1104-See also:* List of Sunni Muslim dynasties...

    : 1011–1104 (to Almoravids
    Almoravids
    The Almoravids were a Berber dynasty of Morocco, who formed an empire in the 11th-century that stretched over the western Maghreb and Al-Andalus. Their capital was Marrakesh, a city which they founded in 1062 C.E...

    )
  • Algeciras
    Taifa of Algeciras
    The Taifa of Algeciras was a medieval taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain, that existed from 1035 to 1058.-History:The taifa was created in 1013, in the wake of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba begun after 1009...

    : 1035–1058 (to Seville
    Taifa of Seville
    The Taifa of Seville was a short lived medieval kingdom, in what is now southern Spain and Portugal. It originated in 1023 and lasted until 1091, and was under the rule of the Arab Abbadid family.-History:...

    )
  • Almería
    Taifa of Almeria
    The Taifa of Almería was a Muslim medieval kingdom in what is now the province of Almería in Spain...

    : 1011–1091 (to Almoravids)
  • Alpuente
    Taifa of Alpuente
    The Taifa of Alpuente was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from around 1009 to 1106.-Qasimid dynasty:*'Abd Allah I: c. 1009-1030*Muhammad I Yumn ad-Dawla: 1030-1042*Ahmad: 1042-1043*Muhammad II: 1043*'Abd Allah II: 1043-c. 1106-Sources:...

    : 1009–1106 (to Almoravids)
  • Arcos
    Taifa of Arcos
    The Taifa of Arcos was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in two periods; first from 1011 to 1068 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Seville, and secondly from 1143 to 1145 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.-Jizrunid dynasty:...

    : 1011–1068 (to Seville)
  • Badajoz
    Taifa of Badajoz
    The Taifa of Badajoz was a medieval Muslim kingdom in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain and centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the first city of Extremadura, in Spain....

    : 1009–1094 (to Almoravids)
  • Carmona
    Taifa of Carmona
    The Taifa of Carmona was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed for two distinct periods; first from 1013 to 1066 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Seville, and secondly from around 1143 to 1150 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads...

    : 1013–1091 (to Almoravids)
  • Ceuta
    Taifa of Ceuta
    The taifa of Ceuta was one of the taifa states formed after the breakup of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the early 11th century. The cities of Ceuta and Tangiers were a part of the Ḥammūdid taifa of Málaga from 1026. From 1036 it was governed on behalf of the Arab Ḥammūdids by the Barghawāṭa, a...

    : 1061–1084 (to Granada
    Taifa of Granada
    The Taifa of Granada was a Moorish kingdom in Al-Andalus, within the present day Granada Province in southern Spain...

    )
  • Córdoba: 1031–1091 (to Seville)
  • Denia
    Taifa of Dénia
    The taifa of Dénia was a Muslim kingdom in medieval Spain, ruling over part of the Valencian coast and Ibiza. With Dénia as its capital, the taifa included the Balearic Islands and parts of the Spanish mainland.- History :...

    : 1010/1012–1076 (to Zaragoza
    Taifa of Zaragoza
    The taifa of Zaragoza was an independent Muslim state in Moorish Al-Andalus, present day eastern Spain, which was established in 1018 as one of the taifa kingdoms, which emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the Moorish Iberian Peninsula.During the...

    )
  • Granada
    Taifa of Granada
    The Taifa of Granada was a Moorish kingdom in Al-Andalus, within the present day Granada Province in southern Spain...

    : 1013–1090 (to Almoravids)
  • Jérica: 11th century (to Toledo)
  • Lisbon
    Taifa of Lisbon
    The Taifa of Lisbon was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in what is now Portugal from around 1022 to 1093.-Banu Sabur dynasty:*Abd al-Aziz bin Sabur: 1022– ?*Abd al-Malik bin Sabur: ? –c. 1065 ?**Seized briefly by León: 1093–5...

    : 1022–? (to Badajoz
    Taifa of Badajoz
    The Taifa of Badajoz was a medieval Muslim kingdom in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain and centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the first city of Extremadura, in Spain....

    )
  • Lorca
    Taifa of Lorca
    The Taifa of Lorca was a Muslim medieval taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain.The taifa was first created in 1042, when Lorca declared its independence from the emirate of Valencia. Its first governor was Ma'n Ibn Sumadih, its power exending from the city to Jaén and Baza.The taifa was...

    : 1051–1091 (to Almoravids)
  • Málaga
    Taifa of Málaga
    The Taifa of Málaga was a Muslim taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain, which existed for four distinct time-periods: from 1026 to 1057, from 1073 to 1090, from 1145 to 1153 and from 1229 to 1239 when it was finally conquered by Granada.-First taifa:...

    : 1026–1057/1058 (to Granada
    Taifa of Granada
    The Taifa of Granada was a Moorish kingdom in Al-Andalus, within the present day Granada Province in southern Spain...

    ); 1073–1090 (to Almoravids)
  • Majorca
    Taifa of Majorca
    The Taifa of Majorca was a medieval Moorish taifa kingdom which existed from 1018 to 1203 in Majorca.-Mujahid dynasty:* Mujahid : 1018-1041* 'Ali Iqbal ud-Dawlah: 1041-1075-Aglabid dynasty:* Ibn Aglab al-Murtada: 1076-1093...

    : 1018–1203 (to Almohads)
  • Mértola
    Taifa of Mértola
    The Taifa of Mértola was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southeastern Portugal for three distinct periods: from 1033 to 1044, from 1144 to 1145 and from 1146 to 1151 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.-Tayfurid dynasty:...

    : 1033–1091 (to Almoravids)
  • Molina
    Taifa of Molina
    The Taifa of Molina was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from around the 1080s to 1100.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : ?–1100 (to Aragon
    Kingdom of Aragon
    The Kingdom of Aragon was a medieval and early modern kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding to the modern-day autonomous community of Aragon, in Spain...

    )
  • Morón
    Taifa of Morón
    -Dammarid dynasty:*Abu Tuziri al-Dammari: ? -1013/4*Nuh: 1013/4-1041/2*Muhammad: 1041/2-1057*Manad: 1057-1066-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1013–1066 (to Seville)
  • Murcia
    Taifa of Murcia
    The Taifa of Murcia was one of the Taifas of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba...

    : 1011/1012–1065 (to Valencia
    Taifa of Valencia
    The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by Aragon....

    )
  • Murviedro and Sagunto
    Taifa of Murviedro and Sagunto
    The Taifa of Murviedro and Sagunto was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in a short period from 1086 to 1092.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1086–1092 (to Almoravids)
  • Niebla
    Taifa of Niebla
    The Taifa of Niebla was a taifa kingdom that existed for three distinct times: from 1023 to 1053, from 1145 to 1150 and from 1234 to 1262 when it was finally conquered by Castile.-Yahsubid dynasty:*Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad: 1023/4-1041/2...

    : 1023/1024–1091 (to Seville)
  • Ronda
    Taifa of Ronda
    The Taifa of Ronda was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in Moorish al-Andalus from 1039 to 1065, when it was conquered by the taifa of Seville...

    : 1039/1040–1065 (to Seville)
  • Rueda: 1118–30 (to Aragon)
  • Saltés and Huelva
    Taifa of Saltés and Huelva
    The Taifa of Saltés and Huelva was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in southern Iberia from around 1012 to 1051.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1012/1013–1051/1053 (to Seville)
  • Santa María de Algarve
    Taifa of Santa María de Algarve
    The Taifa of Santa Maria do Algarve was a medieval taifa kingdom, in what is now southern Portugal, that existed from 1018 to 1051.-Harunid dynasty:*Sa'id: c. 1018-1041/2*Muhammad al-Mu'tasim: 1041/2-1051**To Seville: 1051-1091-Sources:...

    : 1018–1051 (to Seville)
  • Segorbe: 1065–1075 (to Almoravids)
  • Seville
    Taifa of Seville
    The Taifa of Seville was a short lived medieval kingdom, in what is now southern Spain and Portugal. It originated in 1023 and lasted until 1091, and was under the rule of the Arab Abbadid family.-History:...

    : 1023–1091 (to Almoravids)
  • Silves
    Taifa of Silves
    The Taifa of Silves was a Muslim taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southern Portugal for two distinct periods: from 1040 to 1063, and again from 1144 to 1151 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads....

    : 1040–1063 (to Seville)
  • Toledo
    Taifa of Toledo
    The taifa of Toledo was a Muslim medieval kingdom located in what is now central Spain. It existed from the fracturing of the long-eminent Muslim Caliphate of Córdoba in 1035 until the Christian conquest in 1085.-History:...

    : 1010/1031–1085 (to Castile
    Kingdom of Castile
    Kingdom of Castile was one of the medieval kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. It emerged as a political autonomous entity in the 9th century. It was called County of Castile and was held in vassalage from the Kingdom of León. Its name comes from the host of castles constructed in the region...

    )
  • Tortosa
    Taifa of Tortosa
    The Taifa of Tortosa was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed for two separate periods: from 1010 to 1060 and from 1081 to 1099.-Saqlabi dynasty:* Lab'ib : c. 1009-bfr. 1039/40* Muqatil Sayf al-Milla: bfr...

    : 1039–1060 (to Zaragoza); 1081/1082–1092 (to Denia
    Taifa of Dénia
    The taifa of Dénia was a Muslim kingdom in medieval Spain, ruling over part of the Valencian coast and Ibiza. With Dénia as its capital, the taifa included the Balearic Islands and parts of the Spanish mainland.- History :...

    )
  • Valencia
    Taifa of Valencia
    The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by Aragon....

    : 1010/1011–1094 (to El Cid
    El Cid
    Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar , known as El Cid Campeador , was a Castilian nobleman, military leader, and diplomat...

    , nominally vassal of Castile)
  • Zaragoza
    Taifa of Zaragoza
    The taifa of Zaragoza was an independent Muslim state in Moorish Al-Andalus, present day eastern Spain, which was established in 1018 as one of the taifa kingdoms, which emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the Moorish Iberian Peninsula.During the...

    : 1018–1046 (to Banu Tujib; then to Banu Hud
    Banu Hud
    The Banu Hud were an Arab dynasty that ruled the taifa of Zaragoza from 1039-1110. In 1039, under the leadership of Al-Mustain I, Sulayman ibn Hud al-Judhami, the Bani Hud seized control of Zaragoza from a rival clan, the Banu Tujibi...

    ); 1046–1110 (to Almoravids; in 1118 to Aragon
    Aragon
    Aragon is a modern autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon. Located in northeastern Spain, the Aragonese autonomous community comprises three provinces : Huesca, Zaragoza, and Teruel. Its capital is Zaragoza...

    )

Second period (12th century)

  • Almería
    Taifa of Almeria
    The Taifa of Almería was a Muslim medieval kingdom in what is now the province of Almería in Spain...

    : 1145–1147 (briefly to Castile and then to Almohads)
  • Arcos
    Taifa of Arcos
    The Taifa of Arcos was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in two periods; first from 1011 to 1068 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Seville, and secondly from 1143 to 1145 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.-Jizrunid dynasty:...

    : 1143 (to Almohads)
  • Badajoz
    Taifa of Badajoz
    The Taifa of Badajoz was a medieval Muslim kingdom in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain and centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the first city of Extremadura, in Spain....

    : 1145–1150 (to Almohads)
  • Beja and Évora: 1114–1150 (to Almohads)
  • Carmona
    Taifa of Carmona
    The Taifa of Carmona was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed for two distinct periods; first from 1013 to 1066 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Seville, and secondly from around 1143 to 1150 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads...

    : dates and destiny uncertain or unknown
  • Constantina and Hornachuelos
    Taifa of Constantina and Hornachuelos
    The Taifa of Constantina and Hornachuelos was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed, in what is now southern Spain, from around 1143 to 1150 when it was conquered by the Almohads.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : dates and destiny uncertain or unknown
  • Granada
    Taifa of Granada
    The Taifa of Granada was a Moorish kingdom in Al-Andalus, within the present day Granada Province in southern Spain...

    : 1145 (to Almohads?)
  • Guadix and Baza
    Taifa of Guadix and Baza
    The Taifa of Guadix and Baza was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from only 1145 to 1151 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Murcia.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1145–1151 (to Murcia
    Taifa of Murcia
    The Taifa of Murcia was one of the Taifas of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba...

    )
  • Jaén
    Taifa of Jaén
    The Taifa of Jaén was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed for only two very short periods, first in 1145 and secondly in 1168.-Huddid dynasty:*Abu Dja'far Ahmad Zafadola : 1145**To Morocco: 1145-1159**To Murcia: 1159-1168...

    : 1145–1159 (Murcia); 1168 (to Almohads)
  • Jerez
    Taifa of Jerez
    The Taifa of Jerez was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southern Spain in 1145, until it was conquered by the Almohads.-List of Emirs:* Abu'l-Qaim Ahyal: 1145* Abu'l-Gammar: 1145* 'Ali: 1145** To the Almohads-Sources:...

    : 1145 (to Almohads)
  • Málaga
    Taifa of Málaga
    The Taifa of Málaga was a Muslim taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain, which existed for four distinct time-periods: from 1026 to 1057, from 1073 to 1090, from 1145 to 1153 and from 1229 to 1239 when it was finally conquered by Granada.-First taifa:...

    : 1145–1153 (to Almohads)
  • Mértola
    Taifa of Mértola
    The Taifa of Mértola was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southeastern Portugal for three distinct periods: from 1033 to 1044, from 1144 to 1145 and from 1146 to 1151 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.-Tayfurid dynasty:...

    : 1144–1145 (to Badajoz
    Taifa of Badajoz
    The Taifa of Badajoz was a medieval Muslim kingdom in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain and centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the first city of Extremadura, in Spain....

    )
  • Murcia
    Taifa of Murcia
    The Taifa of Murcia was one of the Taifas of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba...

    : 1145 (to Valencia
    Taifa of Valencia
    The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by Aragon....

    ); 1147–1172 (to Almohads)
  • Niebla
    Taifa of Niebla
    The Taifa of Niebla was a taifa kingdom that existed for three distinct times: from 1023 to 1053, from 1145 to 1150 and from 1234 to 1262 when it was finally conquered by Castile.-Yahsubid dynasty:*Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad: 1023/4-1041/2...

    : 1145–1150? (to Almohads)
  • Purchena
    Taifa of Purchena
    -Miqdamid dynasty:* Ibn Miqdam: fl. mid 12th cent. ** To Murcia: c. 1150-1172-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : dates and destiny uncertain or unknown
  • Ronda
    Taifa of Ronda
    The Taifa of Ronda was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in Moorish al-Andalus from 1039 to 1065, when it was conquered by the taifa of Seville...

    : 1145 (to Almoravids)
  • Santarém
    Taifa of Santarém
    The Taifa of Santarém was a medieval taifa kingdom in what is now Portugal which only existed from 1144 to 1145.-Labidid dynasty:* Labid: 1144-1145** To Badajoz: c. 1145-1147-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : ?–1147 (to Portugal
    Kingdom of Portugal
    The Kingdom of Portugal was Portugal's general designation under the monarchy. The kingdom was located in the west of the Iberian Peninsula, Europe and existed from 1139 to 1910...

    )
  • Segura
    Taifa of Segura
    The Taifa of Segura was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed from 1147 to probably around 1150.-Hamuskid dynasty:*Ibrahim: 1147- ?** To Murcia: c. 1150-1172-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1147–? (destiny unknown)
  • Silves
    Taifa of Silves
    The Taifa of Silves was a Muslim taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southern Portugal for two distinct periods: from 1040 to 1063, and again from 1144 to 1151 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads....

    : 1144–1155 (to Almohads)
  • Tavira
    Taifa of Tavira
    The Taifa of Tavira was a medieval taifa kingdom in what is now southern Portugal which existed only from around 1146 to 1150.-'Umarid dynasty:* 'Umar: fl. mid 12th cent. ** To Morocco: c. 1150-1250-Sources:...

    : dates and destiny uncertain or unknown
  • Tejada
    Taifa of Tejada
    The Taifa of Tejada was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed only from 1146 to 1150 when it was conquered by the Almohads.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1145–1150 (to Almohads)
  • Valencia
    Taifa of Valencia
    The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by Aragon....

    : 1145–1172 (to Almohads)

Third period (13th century)

  • Arjona
    Taifa of Arjona
    The Taifa of Arjona was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from 1232 to 1244 when it fell to the Christian Kingdom of Castile.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1232–1244 (to Castile)
  • Baeza
    Taifa of Baeza
    The Taifa of Baeza was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed only from 1224 to 1226 when it fell to the Christian Kingdom of Castile.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1224–1226 (to Castile)
  • Ceuta
    Taifa of Ceuta
    The taifa of Ceuta was one of the taifa states formed after the breakup of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the early 11th century. The cities of Ceuta and Tangiers were a part of the Ḥammūdid taifa of Málaga from 1026. From 1036 it was governed on behalf of the Arab Ḥammūdids by the Barghawāṭa, a...

    : 1233–1236 (to Almohads), 1249–1305 (to Marinids)
  • Denia
    Taifa of Dénia
    The taifa of Dénia was a Muslim kingdom in medieval Spain, ruling over part of the Valencian coast and Ibiza. With Dénia as its capital, the taifa included the Balearic Islands and parts of the Spanish mainland.- History :...

    : 1224–1227 (to Almohads?)
  • Lorca
    Taifa of Lorca
    The Taifa of Lorca was a Muslim medieval taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain.The taifa was first created in 1042, when Lorca declared its independence from the emirate of Valencia. Its first governor was Ma'n Ibn Sumadih, its power exending from the city to Jaén and Baza.The taifa was...

    : 1240–1265 (to Castile)
  • Menorca
    Taifa of Menorca
    The Taifa of Menorca was a medieval taifa kingdom, which existed from 1228 until 1287, when the Kingdom of Aragon conquered it.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1228–1287 (to Aragon)
  • Murcia
    Taifa of Murcia
    The Taifa of Murcia was one of the Taifas of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba...

    : 1228–1266 (to Castile)
  • Niebla
    Taifa of Niebla
    The Taifa of Niebla was a taifa kingdom that existed for three distinct times: from 1023 to 1053, from 1145 to 1150 and from 1234 to 1262 when it was finally conquered by Castile.-Yahsubid dynasty:*Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad: 1023/4-1041/2...

    : 1234–1262 (to Castile)
  • Orihuela
    Taifa of Orihuela
    The Taifa of Orihuela was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed probably from around 1239 to 1249.-Sources:* http://web.raex.com/~obsidian/taifa.html...

    : 1239/1240–1249/1250 (to Murcia or Castile)
  • Valencia
    Taifa of Valencia
    The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by Aragon....

    : 1228/1229–1238 (to Aragon)


Additionally, but not usually considered taifas, are:
  • Granada: 1237–1492 (to Castile
    Crown of Castile
    The Crown of Castile was a medieval and modern state in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and parliaments of the kingdoms of Castile and León upon the accession of the then King Ferdinand III of Castile to the vacant Leonese throne...

    )
  • Las Alpujarras: 1568–1571 (to Spain
    Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

    )

External links