A2 (Croatia)

A2 (Croatia)

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The A2 motorway is a motorway in the Hrvatsko Zagorje
Hrvatsko Zagorje
Hrvatsko Zagorje is a region north of Zagreb, Croatia. It comprises the whole area north of Medvednica mountain up to Slovenia in the north and west, and up to the regions of Međimurje and Podravina in the north and east...

 region of northern Croatia
Croatia
Croatia , officially the Republic of Croatia , is a unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of the Mitteleuropa, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The country is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb. Croatia covers ...

, connecting Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

 to the Macelj
Macelj
Macelj is the name of a village and a forest in northern Croatia bordering on Slovenia. There is an official border crossing in Macelj, and the end of the A2 highway.-Macelj in 1945:...

 border crossing
Border Crossing
Border Crossing may refer to:* Border Crossing , an album by saxophonist Mike Osborne.* Border Crossing , a UK hip hop collective musical group.* Border Crossing , a 2001 novel by English author Pat Barker....

 and Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

. The A2 motorway is part of the European route E59
European route E59
European route E 59 is a north-south Class-A intermediate European route. It begins in Prague, Czech Republic, passes through Vienna, Austria and Maribor, Slovenia, ending near Zagreb, Croatia. The total length of the route is . The E59 largely consists of motorways but some sections are...

 and the Pan-European Corridor Xa
Pan-European corridors
The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years. Additions were made at the third conference in Helsinki in 1997...

. The motorway spans 59.2 kilometres (36.8 mi) between the Slovenian border and the Jankomir interchange
Jankomir interchange
The Jankomir interchange is a cloverleaf interchange west of Zagreb, Croatia. It is named after nearby Zagreb neighborhood of Jankomir. The interchange represents the southern terminus of the A2 motorway and it connects the A2 route to the A3 motorway representing major a link in the Croatian...

 within the Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass , is an U-shaped motorway partially encircling Zagreb, Croatia. The largest part by far, between Jankomir and Ivanja Reka interchanges, has been built between 1977 and 1979, while Ivanja Reka - Sveta Helena section has been built between 1996 and 1999. The bypass is long, tracing...

, providing road connections to a number of cities and towns besides Zagreb, including Krapina
Krapina
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 and a total municipality population of 12,479...

, Zabok
Zabok
Zabok is a town and municipality situated in northwest Croatia in the Krapina-Zagorje County. It has a total population of 9,365 . Zabok is situated on the main crossroads in the heart of Hrvatsko zagorje region...

 and Zaprešić
Zaprešic
Zaprešić is a city in Zagreb County in Croatia. Its population is 25.875 inhabitants for the city proper, and over 51,000 for its seven-municipality metropolitan area. Zaprešić is the third-largest, and most densely populated division of the county. It is located northwest of the Croatian capital...

. All sections of the motorway, except the northernmost one between the Macelj border crossing and Trakošćan
Trakošcan
Trakošćan is a castle located in northern Croatia that dates back to the 13th century ....

, and the southernmost one near Zagreb, are tolled, using a closed toll collection system.

Construction of the motorway began in 1990, lbut a decade-long hiatus between the mid-1990s and 2004 caused by funding issues and the setting up of a separate company to develop and operate the motorway meant it was not completed until 2007. As of July 2011, the entire motorway route is completed, consisting of a dual-carriageway and four traffic lanes, except for a relatively short segment which is still a single carriageway road. The motorway is currently operated by Autocesta Zagreb - Macelj.

The motorway carries a considerable volume of traffic throughout the year; however, in the summer, its peak volume is nearly double the average, as traffic intensifies because of tourists travelling to Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges...

 resorts and back. Furthermore, the southernmost sections of the motorway serve Zagreb's sizeable suburban traffic.

Route description



The A2 motorway is an important north–south motorway in Croatia
Croatia
Croatia , officially the Republic of Croatia , is a unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of the Mitteleuropa, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The country is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb. Croatia covers ...

, connecting the capital of the country, Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

, to Graz
Graz
The more recent population figures do not give the whole picture as only people with principal residence status are counted and people with secondary residence status are not. Most of the people with secondary residence status in Graz are students...

, Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

, via Maribor
Maribor
Maribor is the second largest city in Slovenia with 157,947 inhabitants . Maribor is also the largest and the capital city of Slovenian region Lower Styria and the seat of the Municipality of Maribor....

, Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

, as well as Vienna
Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

 and other destinations along the Pyhrn route. The motorway follows a route through the Hrvatsko Zagorje
Hrvatsko Zagorje
Hrvatsko Zagorje is a region north of Zagreb, Croatia. It comprises the whole area north of Medvednica mountain up to Slovenia in the north and west, and up to the regions of Međimurje and Podravina in the north and east...

 region. Part of the road network of Croatia
Highways in Croatia
Highways in Croatia are the main transport network in Croatia.The Croatian classification includes several classes of highways:* The main motorways are named A accompanied by one or two digits...

, the motorway is also part of European route E59
European route E59
European route E 59 is a north-south Class-A intermediate European route. It begins in Prague, Czech Republic, passes through Vienna, Austria and Maribor, Slovenia, ending near Zagreb, Croatia. The total length of the route is . The E59 largely consists of motorways but some sections are...

 Zagreb–Graz–Vienna–Prague
Prague
Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 2.3 million...

. The motorway is of major importance to Croatia in terms of economic
Economy of Croatia
Economy of Croatia is a service-based economy with the tertiary sector accounting for 70% of total gross domestic product . Croatian GDP in 2010 was 335.5 billion Croatian Kuna and contracted by 1.4% year-on-year...

 development, especially for tourism
Tourism in Croatia
Tourism in Croatia is a well-developed industry. Many tourists visit to experience the country's extensive coastline and well-preserved coastal Renaissance towns...

 and as a transit transport route. The road carries significant transit and tourist traffic as it connects to the Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass , is an U-shaped motorway partially encircling Zagreb, Croatia. The largest part by far, between Jankomir and Ivanja Reka interchanges, has been built between 1977 and 1979, while Ivanja Reka - Sveta Helena section has been built between 1996 and 1999. The bypass is long, tracing...

 segment of the A3 motorway
A3 (Croatia)
The A3 motorway is a major motorway in Croatia spanning . The motorway connects Zagreb, the nation's capital, to the Slavonia region and a number of cities along the Sava River. It represents a major east–west transportation corridor in Croatia and a significant part of the Pan-European Corridor...

, which serves as a hub distributing the southbound traffic to either eastbound A3 or southbound A1
A1 (Croatia)
The A1 motorway is the longest motorway in Croatia spanning . As it connects Zagreb, the nation's capital, to Split, the second largest city in the country and the largest city in Dalmatia, the motorway represents a major north–south transportation corridor in Croatia and a significant part of the...

, and vice versa. As of the June 1997 Pan-European Transport Conference in Helsinki
Helsinki
Helsinki is the capital and largest city in Finland. It is in the region of Uusimaa, located in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, an arm of the Baltic Sea. The population of the city of Helsinki is , making it by far the most populous municipality in Finland. Helsinki is...

, the motorway is part of the Pan-European Corridor Xa.

The motorway spans 59.2 kilometres (36.8 mi) between the Macelj
Macelj
Macelj is the name of a village and a forest in northern Croatia bordering on Slovenia. There is an official border crossing in Macelj, and the end of the A2 highway.-Macelj in 1945:...

 border crossing, Slovenia and the Zagreb–Jankomir interchange on the A3 motorway. The route serves Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

 via the Ž1035 at the Jankomir intechange, Zaprešić
Zaprešic
Zaprešić is a city in Zagreb County in Croatia. Its population is 25.875 inhabitants for the city proper, and over 51,000 for its seven-municipality metropolitan area. Zaprešić is the third-largest, and most densely populated division of the county. It is located northwest of the Croatian capital...

 via the D225
D225 (Croatia)
D225 is a state road in the central Croatia connecting Harmica border crossing to Slovenia and the city of Zaprešić to the A2 motorway in Zaprešić interchange...

, Zabok
Zabok
Zabok is a town and municipality situated in northwest Croatia in the Krapina-Zagorje County. It has a total population of 9,365 . Zabok is situated on the main crossroads in the heart of Hrvatsko zagorje region...

, Klanjec
Klanjec
Klanjec is a small town in northwestern Croatia, in the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje on the border with Slovenia. The population of Klanjec is 565, but there are 2,915 people in the municipality...

 and Oroslavje
Oroslavje
Oroslavje is a town and municipality in Krapina-Zagorje county in Croatia. In the 2011 census, there were 6,124 inhabitants in the following settlements:* Andraševec, population 864* Krušljevo Selo, population 528* Mokrice, population 746...

 via the D307
D307 (Croatia)
D307 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Oroslavje and Donja Stubica to the A2 motorway in Zabok interchange. The road is long....

, Sveti Križ Začretje
Sveti Križ Zacretje
.Sveti Križ Začretje is a village in and a municipality of Krapina-Zagorje county in the Republic of Croatia. According to the 2001 census, there are 6,619 inhabitants of the area, the absolute majority of which are Croats....

 via the D35
D35 (Croatia)
D35 is a state road in the northwestern Croatia connecting Sveti Križ Začretje and the A2 motorway Sveti Križ Začretje interchange to Varaždin and the A4 motorway Varaždin interchange...

, Krapina
Krapina
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 and a total municipality population of 12,479...

 and Pregrada
Pregrada
Pregrada is a town and municipality in Krapina-Zagorje county in Croatia. In the 2011 census, there were 6,613 inhabitants in the following settlements:* Benkovo, population 327* Bregi Kostelski, population 270* Bušin, population 138...

 via the D206
D206 (Croatia)
D206 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Hum na Sutli border crossing to Slovenia to the city of Krapina and the A2 motorway Krapina interchange via D1 state road...

, Đurmanec via the D207
D207 (Croatia)
D207 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Hum na Sutli border crossing to Slovenia to the city of Đurmanec and the A2 motorway Đurmanec interchange via D1 state road...

 and Trakošćan
Trakošcan
Trakošćan is a castle located in northern Croatia that dates back to the 13th century ....

 via the D508
D508 (Croatia)
D508 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Macelj border crossing to Slovenia and the A2 motorway Trakošćan interchange to the city of Lepoglava and to Trakošćan...

. The D1 state road
D1 (Croatia)
The state road D1 is a national highway in Croatia. It is a one-lane highway that spans from Macelj border crossing in the north via Krapina, Zagreb, Karlovac, Slunj, Gračac, Knin, Sinj, ending in Split...

 runs as a parallel, toll-free route along the motorway, and most of the motorway exits connect to that route directly, switching to D35, D206, D207 and D508 shortly afterwards.

The A2 motorway has at least two traffic lanes and an emergency lane
Shoulder (road)
A hard shoulder, or simply shoulder, is a reserved area by the verge of a road or motorway. Generally it is kept clear of motor vehicle traffic...

 in each direction along its entire length, except in tunnels, where there are emergency bays instead. All of the interchanges are trumpet interchanges, except the Jankomir interchange, which is a cloverleaf interchange
Cloverleaf interchange
A cloverleaf interchange is a two-level interchange in which left turns, reverse direction in left-driving regions, are handled by ramp roads...

. There are a number of rest areas along the motorway providing various types of services, ranging from simple parking spaces and restrooms to filling stations, restaurants and hotels. As of July 2011, the motorway has seven interchanges providing access to numerous towns and cities and the Croatian state road network. The motorway is operated by the Autocesta Zagreb–Macelj company.

An automatic traffic monitoring and guidance system is in place along the motorway. It consists of measuring, control and signalling devices located in zones where driving conditions may vary, such as at interchanges, viaducts, bridges, tunnels and zones where fog and strong wind are known to occur. The system uses variable traffic signs to communicate changing driving conditions, possible restrictions and other information to motorway users. The A2 motorway mainly runs through the plains and rolling hills of Hrvatsko Zagorje region, although the northernmost sections of the route traverse rugged terrain, requiring a number of viaduct
Viaduct
A viaduct is a bridge composed of several small spans. The term viaduct is derived from the Latin via for road and ducere to lead something. However, the Ancient Romans did not use that term per se; it is a modern derivation from an analogy with aqueduct. Like the Roman aqueducts, many early...

s and long tunnel
Tunnel
A tunnel is an underground passageway, completely enclosed except for openings for egress, commonly at each end.A tunnel may be for foot or vehicular road traffic, for rail traffic, or for a canal. Some tunnels are aqueducts to supply water for consumption or for hydroelectric stations or are sewers...

s along the route.

Toll



The A2 is a tolled motorway
Toll road
A toll road is a privately or publicly built road for which a driver pays a toll for use. Structures for which tolls are charged include toll bridges and toll tunnels. Non-toll roads are financed using other sources of revenue, most typically fuel tax or general tax funds...

, based on the vehicle classification in Croatia
Vehicle classification in Croatia
There are two forms of vehicle classification in Croatia. Vehicles are classified by categories in the driving license and by categories for toll highways.- Driving license classification :- Toll categories :...

, using a closed toll system. As of July 2011, the toll charged along the A2 route between the Zaprešić and Trakošćan mainline toll plazas varies depending on the length of route travelled, ranging from 11.00 kuna
Croatian kuna
The kuna is the currency of Croatia since 1994 . It is subdivided into 100 lipa. The kuna is issued by the Croatian National Bank and the coins are minted by the Croatian Monetary Institute....

 (1.48 euro
Euro
The euro is the official currency of the eurozone: 17 of the 27 member states of the European Union. It is also the currency used by the Institutions of the European Union. The eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,...

s) to 42.00 kuna (5.64 euros) for passenger cars and 47.00 kuna (6.31 euro) to 187.00 kuna (25.10 euro) for semi-trailer truck
Semi-trailer truck
A semi-trailer truck, also known as a semi, tractor-trailer, or articulated truck or articulated lorry, is an articulated vehicle consisting of a towing engine , and a semi-trailer A semi-trailer truck, also known as a semi, tractor-trailer, or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) articulated truck...

s. The toll is payable in either Croatian kuna or euros and by major credit and debit cards. A prepaid toll collection system is also used. The A2 is the only motorway in Croatia which does not provide for use of the ENC—an electronic toll collection (ETC)
Electronic toll collection
Electronic toll collection , an adaptation of military "identification friend or foe" technology, aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads by collecting tolls electronically. It is thus a technological implementation of a road pricing concept...

 system shared by most motorways in Croatia that provides drivers with discounted toll rates for dedicated lanes at toll plazas. In addition to the vehicle classification in Croatia, the motorway operator maintains an additional vehicle category for motorbikes, which are charged from 7.00 kuna (0.94 euros) to 25.00 kuna (3.35 euros) toll. The southernmost Jankomir–Zaprešić section of the motorway is not tolled, as it is part of the Zagreb bypass.

The toll collected by Autocesta Zagreb–Macelj from the A2 motorway in the first quarter of 2011 amounted to 27.7 million kuna (3.72 million euros); however, this period does not include the significantly increased tourist traffic during the summer. In 2010, Autocesta Zagreb–Macelj collected 166.9 million kuna (22.4 million euros) from A2 tolls.

Notable structures


The southernmost section of the motorway, between the Jankomir and Zaprešić interchanges, forms part of the Zagreb bypass and entails a number of viaducts spanning roads and railways, including a 373 metres (1,223.8 ft) viaduct across the Zagreb–Ljubljana railway. Furthermore, the section comprises the Sava River Bridge, spanning 1072 metres (3,517.1 ft). All the structures along the section are executed as dual structures with four traffic lanes.

The northernmost segment between the Krapina interchange and the Macelj border crossing traverses rugged terrain, requiring further viaducts and tunnels. Among those, the most notable ones are the 579 metres (1,899.6 ft) Krapinčica Viaduct and the 1740 metres (5,708.7 ft) Sveta Tri Kralja Tunnel. The tunnel is part of a sequence of two tunnels and three viaducts in a 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) segment between Krapina and Đurmanec, still missing the second carriageway. Generally, the Krapina–Macelj border crossing segment of the A2 motorway required numerous expensive engineering works, including six tunnels and nine viaducts, which caused the construction cost to be over 235 million euros. The upgrading of the remaining single-carriage segment of the motorway is planned, as the Croatian government reportedly concluded talks regarding the matter with the motorway operator in 2010. The upgrade is expected to take one year and cost 50 million euros.

History



In the 1960s, various levels of government in the Socialist Republic of Croatia
Socialist Republic of Croatia
Socialist Republic of Croatia was a sovereign constituent country of the second Yugoslavia. It came to existence during World War II, becoming a socialist state after the war, and was also renamed four times in its existence . It was the second largest republic in Yugoslavia by territory and...

 initiated planning processes aimed at development of road transport infrastructure of the then constituent republic of Yugoslavia. The first proposal of a motorway link in Croatia was made by Josip Roglić, a member of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts is the national academy of Croatia. It was founded in 1866 as the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts , and was known by that name for most of its existence.- History :...

 at the time. He proposed the motorway to be built between Zagreb and Split (city)
Split (city)
Split is a Mediterranean city on the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea, centered around the ancient Roman Palace of the Emperor Diocletian and its wide port bay. With a population of 178,192 citizens, and a metropolitan area numbering up to 467,899, Split is by far the largest Dalmatian city and...

. In 1962, a formal proposal was made by local authorities in Split, resulting in Croatian government adopting a framework motorway development plan in 1966. Designs were commissioned in 1967, extending the route north to Maribor
Maribor
Maribor is the second largest city in Slovenia with 157,947 inhabitants . Maribor is also the largest and the capital city of Slovenian region Lower Styria and the seat of the Municipality of Maribor....

, Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

 for the first time. The extension largely used the same corridor as an existing Zagreb–Maribor road—Zagorje Highway—a congested and insufficiently safe two-lane road with at-grade intersection
At-grade intersection
An at-grade intersection is a junction at which two or more transport axes cross at the same level .-Traffic management:With areas of high or fast traffic, an at-grade intersection normally requires a traffic control device such as a stop sign, traffic light or railway signal to manage conflicting...

s, connecting numerous towns and villages between Zagreb and Maribor. The road itself represented yet another upgrade of a transport route recorded along Zagreb&nadsh;Maribor corridor since Middle Ages
Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...

. The plan was shelved because of political pressures following suppression of Croatian Spring
Croatian Spring
The Croatian Spring was a political movement from the early 1970s that called for greater rights for Croatia which was then part of Yugoslavia as well as democratic and economic reforms.-History:...

 only to be reinstated upon Croatian independence
Croatian independence referendum, 1991
An independence referendum was held in Croatia on 19 May 1991. The result was 95.7% in favour, with a turnout of 83.6%.-Background:The Croatian parliament made the decision to hold the referendum on 2 May.-Results:-Aftermath:...

 from Yugoslavia.

The first section of the present A2 motorway was completed as a single-carriageway
Carriageway
A carriageway consists of a width of road on which a vehicle is not restricted by any physical barriers or separation to move laterally...

 limited-access road
Limited-access road
A limited-access road known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway and expressway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway , including limited or no access to adjacent...

 between the Jankomir and Zaprešić interchanges, forming the westernmost section of Zagreb bypass, in 1990. The section included a number of bridges and viaducts, spanning the Sava River and numerous roads and railroads, making construction of a dual-carriageway prohibitively expensive at the time. In 1991, the 7.4 kilometres (4.6 mi) section was extended by 17 kilometres (10.6 mi) of dual-carriage motorway to Zabok. Lack of funding greatly slowed further construction, and the following 16.2 kilometres (10.1 mi) section to Velika Ves
Velika Ves
Velika Ves is a village in Croatia. It is connected by the D1 highway....

, south of Krapina, was only completed in 1996. Further construction was suspended due to lack of available funding.

In 1997, the governments of the Republic of Croatia and the German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 state of Bavaria
Bavaria
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

 made a joint declaration regarding their future transport infrastructure development cooperation. The cooperation primarily dealt with the construction of the remaining A2 motorway sections and the Franjo Tuđman Bridge
Franjo Tuđman Bridge (Dubrovnik)
The Franjo Tuđman Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge carrying the D8 state road at the western approach to Dubrovnik, Croatia across Rijeka Dubrovačka near Port of Gruž. The original bridge design was developed in 1989, however construction was stopped at the onset of the Croatian War of Independence...

, and the two issues were formally settled between the Croatian government and Walter Bau AG. In 2003, the Autocesta Zagreb–Macelj company was established by the Croatian government and was awarded a concession contract
Concession (contract)
A concession is a business operated under a contract or license associated with a degree of exclusivity in business within a certain geographical area. For example, sports arenas or public parks may have concession stands. Many department stores contain numerous concessions operated by other...

 to operate the motorway. Furthermore, a joint investment agreement with Walter Bau AG was signed by the government, effectively securing the financial assets required to resume construction. In 2004, Strabag
Strabag
Strabag is a European construction company based in Villach, with its headquarters in Vienna, Austria). It is the largest construction company in Austria and one of the largest construction companies in Europe...

 replaced Walter Bau AG as a contract partner and construction finally resumed. In 2006, the section between Jankomir and Zaprešić was upgraded to dual-carriage motorway, and the motorway was extended to Krapina itself. In 2007, after 33 months of construction defined by the contracts, the motorway was completed along its entire length, except for a short segment near Krapina which, as of July 2011, is still a single-carriageway road. The total cost of the motorway was approximately 372 million euros. The largest portion of the total pertains to the northernmost 20 kilometres (12.4 mi) section between Krapina and Macelj, which was reported to cost 235 million euros.

Traffic volume



Traffic is regularly counted and reported by Autocesta Zagreb–Macelj, the operator of the motorway, and is published by Hrvatske Ceste. As the motorway traffic volume is measured through an analysis of toll ticket sales, the southernmost section of the motorway, Jankomir - Zaprešić, is not included in this report, as it is not tolled. However, since the section is a part of Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass , is an U-shaped motorway partially encircling Zagreb, Croatia. The largest part by far, between Jankomir and Ivanja Reka interchanges, has been built between 1977 and 1979, while Ivanja Reka - Sveta Helena section has been built between 1996 and 1999. The bypass is long, tracing...

, it is considered to carry heavier traffic than any other section of the A2 motorway. In 2006, it carried more than 22,000 vehicles per day, and its traffic volume grew considerably since the completion of the motorway in 2007.

Variations between AADT and average summer daily traffic (ASDT) traffic volumes are attributed to the fact that the motorway carries substantial tourist traffic to the Adriatic Sea resorts during the summer. On average, the tolled section of the A2 motorway carries 90% more ASDT than AADT. The largest increase, 125%, of the ASDT relative to the AADT is observed on the Đurmanec–Trakošćan section.
A2 traffic volume details
Road Counting site AADT ASDT Notes
A2 1114 Đurmanec north 7,307 16,425 Between Đurmanec and Trakošćan junctions.
A2 1113 Krapina north 8,034 17,480 Between Krapina and Đurmanec junctions.
A2 1116 Začretje north 10,539 20,213 Between Začretje and Krapina junctions.
A2 1115 Mokrice north 11,813 21,566 Between Zabok (Mokrice) and Začretje junctions.
A2 1904 Zaprešić north 14,308 23,843 Between Zaprešić and Zabok (Mokrice) junctions.

Rest areas



As of July 2011, there are three rest areas along the A2 motorway. Legislation identifies four types of rest areas designated as types A through D: A-type rest areas comprise a full range of amenities, including a filling station, a restaurant and a hotel or motel; B-type rest areas have no lodging; C-type rest areas are very common and include a filling station and a café, but no restaurants or accommodations; D-type rest areas only offer parking spaces, possibly picnicking tables and benches and restrooms. Most rest areas along the A2 motorway generally follow this ranking system, although some offer extra services. Many filling stations have small convenience stores, and some offer LPG fuel.

The primary motorway operator, Hrvatske autoceste (HAC), leases the A, B and C type rest areas to various operators through public tenders. As of July 2011, there are two such rest area operators on the A2 motorway: INA and OMV
OMV
OMV is Austria's largest oil-producing, refining and gas station operating company with important activities in other Central European countries...

. The rest area operators are not permitted to sub-lease the fuel operations. The A2 motorway rest areas are accessible from both directions of the motorway and operate operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

{| class="wikitable"
|-
| style="text-align:center; background:#f2f2f2;" colspan="6"| List of A2 motorway rest areas
|- style="text-align:center; background:#f2f2f2;"
|| County
|| km
|| Name
|| Operators
|| Type
|| Notes
|-
| rowspan=2|Krapina‑Zagorje
Krapina-Zagorje County
Krapina-Zagorje county is a county in northern Croatia. It encompasses most of the historic region called Hrvatsko Zagorje.The Krapina-Zagorje county is a candidate for being the most idyllic county in Croatia: the many villages and small towns spread out across the hillsides are perfect for...


| 4.1
| Lepa Bukva
| INA
| C
| Facilities found at the Lepa Bukva rest area comprise a filling station selling petrol and diesel fuel, a café and restrooms.
|-
| 25.5
| Sveti Križ Začretje
| OMV
OMV
OMV is Austria's largest oil-producing, refining and gas station operating company with important activities in other Central European countries...


| B
| Facilities found at the Sveti Križ Začretje rest area comprise a filling station selling petrol and diesel fuel, a restaurant, a café and restrooms.
|-
| Zagreb County
Zagreb County
Zagreb County is a county in central Croatia. It surrounds – but does not contain – the nation's capital Zagreb, which is a separate territorial unit. For that reason, it is often nicknamed "Zagreb ring"...


| 44.0
| Jakovlje
| INA
| C
| Facilities found at the Jakovlje rest area comprise a filling station selling petrol and diesel fuel, a café and restrooms.

Exit list


{| class="wikitable"
|-
!scope="col"|County
!scope="col"|km
!scope="col"|Exit
!scope="col"|Name
!scope="col"|Destination
!scope="col"|Notes
|-
| rowspan= 14|Krapina‑Zagorje
Krapina-Zagorje County
Krapina-Zagorje county is a county in northern Croatia. It encompasses most of the historic region called Hrvatsko Zagorje.The Krapina-Zagorje county is a candidate for being the most idyllic county in Croatia: the many villages and small towns spread out across the hillsides are perfect for...


| style="background:#dfd;"|0.0
| style="background:#dfd;" align=center |
| style="background:#dfd;"|Macelj
Macelj
Macelj is the name of a village and a forest in northern Croatia bordering on Slovenia. There is an official border crossing in Macelj, and the end of the A2 highway.-Macelj in 1945:...

 border crossing
| style="background:#dfd;"| A4

| style="background:#dfd;"|Macelj border crossing to Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

 where the road extends as A4 motorway and route 9.
The northern terminus of the E59 concurrency.
The northern terminus of the motorway.
|-
| 1.1
| align=center | 1
| Trakošćan
Trakošcan
Trakošćan is a castle located in northern Croatia that dates back to the 13th century ....


|
| Connection to Trakošćan via D508
D508 (Croatia)
D508 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Macelj border crossing to Slovenia and the A2 motorway Trakošćan interchange to the city of Lepoglava and to Trakošćan...

.
|-
| 1.7
| align=center |
| colspan=3 | Trakošćan toll plaza
|-
| 4.1
| align=center |
| colspan= 3 |Lepa Bukva rest area
|-
| 8.9
| align=center | 2
| Đurmanec
|
| Connection to Đurmanec via D207
D207 (Croatia)
D207 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Hum na Sutli border crossing to Slovenia to the city of Đurmanec and the A2 motorway Đurmanec interchange via D1 state road...

.
|-
| 9.3
| align=center colspan=4|The northern end of a half-motorway section of the A2.
|-
|
| align=center colspan=4|Ravninščica Viaduct
|-
|
| align=center colspan=4 |Brezovica Tunnel
|-
|
| colspan=4 align=center|Sveta Tri Kralja Tunnel
|-
| 13.1
| align=center colspan=4|The southern end of a half-motorway section of the A2.
|-
| 18.0
| align=center | 3
| Krapina
Krapina
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 and a total municipality population of 12,479...


|
| Connection to Krapina and Pregrada
Pregrada
Pregrada is a town and municipality in Krapina-Zagorje county in Croatia. In the 2011 census, there were 6,613 inhabitants in the following settlements:* Benkovo, population 327* Bregi Kostelski, population 270* Bušin, population 138...

 via D206
D206 (Croatia)
D206 is a state road in Hrvatsko Zagorje region of Croatia connecting Hum na Sutli border crossing to Slovenia to the city of Krapina and the A2 motorway Krapina interchange via D1 state road...

.
|-
| 22.9
| align=center | 4
| Sveti Križ Začretje
Sveti Križ Zacretje
.Sveti Križ Začretje is a village in and a municipality of Krapina-Zagorje county in the Republic of Croatia. According to the 2001 census, there are 6,619 inhabitants of the area, the absolute majority of which are Croats....


|
| Connection to Sveti Križ Začretje and the D35 state road
D35 (Croatia)
D35 is a state road in the northwestern Croatia connecting Sveti Križ Začretje and the A2 motorway Sveti Križ Začretje interchange to Varaždin and the A4 motorway Varaždin interchange...

.
|-
| 25.5
| align=center |
| colspan= 3|Sveti Križ Začretje rest area
|-
| 35.6
| align=center | 5
| Zabok
Zabok
Zabok is a town and municipality situated in northwest Croatia in the Krapina-Zagorje County. It has a total population of 9,365 . Zabok is situated on the main crossroads in the heart of Hrvatsko zagorje region...


|
| Connection to Klanjec
Klanjec
Klanjec is a small town in northwestern Croatia, in the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje on the border with Slovenia. The population of Klanjec is 565, but there are 2,915 people in the municipality...

, Zabok
Zabok
Zabok is a town and municipality situated in northwest Croatia in the Krapina-Zagorje County. It has a total population of 9,365 . Zabok is situated on the main crossroads in the heart of Hrvatsko zagorje region...

, Oroslavje
Oroslavje
Oroslavje is a town and municipality in Krapina-Zagorje county in Croatia. In the 2011 census, there were 6,124 inhabitants in the following settlements:* Andraševec, population 864* Krušljevo Selo, population 528* Mokrice, population 746...

, Donja Stubica
Donja Stubica
Donja Stubica is a town in Croatia, about 40 km northeast of Zagreb on the northern slope of Medvednica. The total population is 5,727, with 2,202 people in Donja Stubica itself , with a total area of 44.6 km²...

 and Marija Bistrica
Marija Bistrica
Marija Bistrica is municipality in Krapina-Zagorje County in central Croatia, located on the slopes of the Medvednica mountain in Hrvatsko Zagorje, not far away from Zagreb...

.
|-
| rowspan= 4|Zagreb County
Zagreb County
Zagreb County is a county in central Croatia. It surrounds – but does not contain – the nation's capital Zagreb, which is a separate territorial unit. For that reason, it is often nicknamed "Zagreb ring"...


| 44.0
| align=center |
| colspan= 3|Jakovlje rest area
|-
| 50.2
| align=center |
| colspan=3 |Zaprešić toll plaza
|-
| style="background:#dfd;"|52.6
| style="background:#dfd;" align=center | 6
| style="background:#dfd;"|Zaprešić
Zaprešic
Zaprešić is a city in Zagreb County in Croatia. Its population is 25.875 inhabitants for the city proper, and over 51,000 for its seven-municipality metropolitan area. Zaprešić is the third-largest, and most densely populated division of the county. It is located northwest of the Croatian capital...


| style="background:#dfd;"|

| style="background:#dfd;"|Connection to Zaprešić
Zaprešic
Zaprešić is a city in Zagreb County in Croatia. Its population is 25.875 inhabitants for the city proper, and over 51,000 for its seven-municipality metropolitan area. Zaprešić is the third-largest, and most densely populated division of the county. It is located northwest of the Croatian capital...

 and Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

 via Aleja Bologne and Ilica
Ilica (street)
Ilica street is one of the longest streets in Zagreb and considered to be the most expensive residential street in the city. The busy street is home to many shops and cultural sites and spans the entire western half of the city, from the Ban Jelačić Square in the city centre up to the Črnomerec...

.
The northern terminus of the D1 state road concurrency. The D1 road is not physically signposted along the Zagreb bypass.
|-
| 52.9
| colspan=4 align=center |Sava River Bridge
|-
| City of Zagreb
| style="background:#dfd;"|59.0
| style="background:#dfd;" align=center | 7
| style="background:#dfd;"|Jankomir
Jankomir interchange
The Jankomir interchange is a cloverleaf interchange west of Zagreb, Croatia. It is named after nearby Zagreb neighborhood of Jankomir. The interchange represents the southern terminus of the A2 motorway and it connects the A2 route to the A3 motorway representing major a link in the Croatian...


| style="background:#dfd;"|




| style="background:#dfd;"|Connection to A3 motorway in Jankomir interchange and to Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

 via Ljubljanska Avenue
Ljubljanska Avenue
Ljubljanska Avenue is one of most travelled thoroughfares in Zagreb, Croatia. It is a four-lane divided avenue that runs from the Savska Opatovina rotary in the east to the Jankomir interchange with the Zagreb bypass in the west...

 (Ž1035).
The southern terminus of the D1 and E59 concurrencies.
The southern terminus of the motorway. Southbound A2 traffic defaults to eastbound A3 (E70).

See also


  • International E-road network
    International E-road network
    The international E-road network is a numbering system for roads in Europe developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe . The network is numbered from E 1 up and its roads cross national borders...

  • Transport in Croatia
    Transport in Croatia
    Transport in Croatia relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, water and air. Road transport incorporates a comprehensive network of state, county and local routes augmented by a network of highways for long-distance travelling...


External links