All Souls College, Oxford

All Souls College, Oxford

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The Warden and the College of the Souls of all Faithful People deceased in the University of Oxford or All Souls College is one of the constituent colleges
Colleges of the University of Oxford
The University of Oxford comprises 38 Colleges and 6 Permanent Private Halls of religious foundation. Colleges and PPHs are autonomous self-governing corporations within the university, and all teaching staff and students studying for a degree of the university must belong to one of the colleges...

 of the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a university located in Oxford, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest surviving university in the world and the oldest in the English-speaking world. Although its exact date of foundation is unclear, there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096...

 in England.

Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically become Fellows, i.e., full members of the College's governing body. It has no undergraduate members, but each year recent graduates of Oxford and other universities compete in "the hardest exam in the world" for Examination Fellowships.

It is one of the wealthiest colleges with a financial endowment
Financial endowment
A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution. The total value of an institution's investments is often referred to as the institution's endowment and is typically organized as a public charity, private foundation, or trust....

 of £236m (2007) but because the College's only source of revenue is its endowment, it ranks nineteenth among Oxford colleges with respect to total income.

The college is located on the north side of the High Street
High Street, Oxford
The High Street in Oxford, England runs between Carfax, generally recognized as the centre of the city, and Magdalen Bridge to the east. Locally the street is often known as The High. It forms a gentle curve and is the subject of many prints, paintings, photographs, etc...

 and also adjoins Radcliffe Square
Radcliffe Square
Radcliffe Square is a square in central Oxford, England. It is completely surrounded by historic Oxford University and college buildings. The square is cobbled, laid to grass surrounded by railings in the centre, and is pedestrianised except for access....

 to the west. To the east is The Queen's College and to the north is Hertford College
Hertford College, Oxford
Hertford College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. It is located in Catte Street, directly opposite the main entrance of the original Bodleian Library. As of 2006, the college had a financial endowment of £52m. There are 612 students , plus various visiting...

.

The current Warden is Professor Sir John Vickers
John Vickers
Sir John Vickers is a British economist, and Warden of All Souls College, Oxford.-Education:Sir John was educated at Eastbourne Grammar School and Oriel College, Oxford, culminating in his graduating with a DPhil from Oxford.-Career:...

, a graduate of Oriel College, Oxford.

History


The College was founded by Henry VI of England
Henry VI of England
Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. Until 1437, his realm was governed by regents. Contemporaneous accounts described him as peaceful and pious, not suited for the violent dynastic civil wars, known as the Wars...

 and Henry Chichele
Henry Chichele
Henry Chichele , English archbishop, founder of All Souls College, Oxford, was born at Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire, in 1363 or 1364...

 (fellow of New College
New College, Oxford
New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.- Overview :The College's official name, College of St Mary, is the same as that of the older Oriel College; hence, it has been referred to as the "New College of St Mary", and is now almost always...

 and Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion, and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. In his role as head of the Anglican Communion, the archbishop leads the third largest group...

), in 1438. The Statutes provided for the Warden and forty fellows — all to take Holy Orders; twenty-four to study arts, philosophy and theology; and sixteen to study civil or canon law. The College's Codrington Library
Codrington Library
The Codrington Library is a library in All Souls College, one of the colleges forming part of Oxford University in England.The library was founded through a bequest by Christopher Codrington , a Fellow of the College. Codrington bequeathed books worth £6,000 and £10,000 in money, which allowed the...

 was built with the bequest of Christopher Codrington
Christopher Codrington
Christopher Codrington , British soldier, bibliophile and colonial governor, was born on the island of Barbados, West Indies, in 1668...

, sometime governor of the Leeward Islands
Leeward Islands
The Leeward Islands are a group of islands in the West Indies. They are the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles chain. As a group they start east of Puerto Rico and reach southward to Dominica. They are situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean...

. Today the College is primarily an academic research institution.

There are now no undergraduate members, but All Souls did once have them, especially around the early 17th century, introduced by Robert Hovenden
Robert Hovenden
Robert Hovenden D.D. was an English academic administrator at the University of Oxford.Hovenden was elected Warden of All Souls College, Oxford in 1571, a post he held until 1614....

 (who was Warden of the college from 1571 to 1614) to provide servientes. The downside of this soon appeared, and the college decided to get along without them again, although four Bible Clerks remained on the foundation until 1924. One such was the Rev. Thomas Forster Rolfe (born 1855), an undergraduate at All Souls from 1874–1878. Joseph Keble
Joseph Keble
Joseph Keble was an English barrister and law reporter. As well as recording more than four thousand sermons preached in the chapel of Gray's Inn, Keble reported every case heard by the Court of King's Bench from 1661 until his death...

 (1632–1710) was another undergraduate of the college.

Examination Fellowships

If intelligence can be measured by exams, the All Souls Fellows by examination are the cleverest people in the country.
New Statesman
New Statesman
New Statesman is a British centre-left political and cultural magazine published weekly in London. Founded in 1913, and connected with leading members of the Fabian Society, the magazine reached a circulation peak in the late 1960s....

It is thought to be the hardest exam in the world.
The Guardian
The Guardian
The Guardian, formerly known as The Manchester Guardian , is a British national daily newspaper in the Berliner format...


Around 500 Oxford undergraduates who receive a First, and other Oxford students with equivalent results in their bachelor's degrees during the previous three years, are eligible to apply for Examination Fellowships of seven years each; several dozen typically do so. Two, one, or no fellowships are awarded each year.

The competition, offered since 1878 and open to women since 1979, takes place over two days in late September, with two examinations of three hours each per day:
  • Two are on subjects of the candidates' choice. Options include Classics
    Classics
    Classics is the branch of the Humanities comprising the languages, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other culture of the ancient Mediterranean world ; especially Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome during Classical Antiquity Classics (sometimes encompassing Classical Studies or...

    , English Literature
    English literature
    English literature is the literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by writers not necessarily from England; for example, Robert Burns was Scottish, James Joyce was Irish, Joseph Conrad was Polish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, Edgar Allan Poe was American, J....

    , Economics
    Economics
    Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek from + , hence "rules of the house"...

    , History
    History
    History is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called historians...

    , Law
    Law
    Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior, wherever possible. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus...

    , Philosophy
    Philosophy
    Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational...

    , and Politics
    Politics
    Politics is a process by which groups of people make collective decisions. The term is generally applied to the art or science of running governmental or state affairs, including behavior within civil governments, but also applies to institutions, fields, and special interest groups such as the...

    .
  • Two are on general subjects. For each examination candidates choose from a list three questions, such as
    • "'If a man could say nothing against a character but what he could prove, history could not be written' (Samuel Johnson
      Samuel Johnson
      Samuel Johnson , often referred to as Dr. Johnson, was an English author who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer...

      ). Discuss."
    • "Should the Orange Prize for Fiction
      Orange Prize for Fiction
      The Orange Prize for Fiction is one of the United Kingdom's most prestigious literary prizes, annually awarded to a female author of any nationality for the best original full-length novel written in English, and published in the United Kingdom in the preceding year...

       be open to both men and women?"
    • "Does the moral character of an orgy change when the participants wear Nazi uniforms?"
  • Candidates who choose Classics as their subject have a translation examination on a third day.
  • Before 2010 candidates also faced another examination, a free-form "Essay" on a single, random word.


Four to six finalists are invited to the viva voce
Viva voce
Viva voce is a Latin phrase literally meaning "with living voice," but most often translated as "by word of mouth."It may also refer to:*Italian for "live voice."*Voice vote in a deliberative assembly...

 or oral examination, then dinner with the about 75 members of the college.

About one dozen Examination Fellows are at the college at any one time. There are no teaching or research requirements; they can study anything for free at Oxford with room and board
Room and board
Room and board describes a situation where, in exchange for money, labor or other considerations, a person is provided with a place to live as well as meals on a comprehensive basis...

. As "Londoners" they can pursue approved non-academic careers if desired, as long as they pursue academia on a part-time basis and attend weekend dinners at the college during their first academic year. each Examination Fellow receives a stipend of £14,783 annually for the first two years; the stipend then varies depending on whether the Fellow pursues an academic career.
Successful
  • Leo Amery (1897), politician
  • Isaiah Berlin
    Isaiah Berlin
    Sir Isaiah Berlin OM, FBA was a British social and political theorist, philosopher and historian of ideas of Russian-Jewish origin, regarded as one of the leading thinkers of the twentieth century and a dominant liberal scholar of his generation...

     (1932), philosopher
  • George Earle Buckle
    George Earle Buckle
    George Earle Buckle was an English editor and biographer.-Early years:Buckle was the son of George Buckle, a rector, and canon and precentor of Wells Cathedral, and Mary Hamlyn Earle, the sister of the philologist John Earle. He attended Honition grammar school and Winchester College before...

     (1877), journalist
  • Lord Curzon (1883), Viceroy of India
  • Geoffrey Dawson
    Geoffrey Dawson
    George Geoffrey Dawson was editor of The Times from 1912 to 1919 and again from 1923 until 1941. His original last name was Robinson, but he changed it in 1917.-Early life:...

     (1898), journalist
  • Matthew d'Ancona
    Matthew d'Ancona
    Matthew d'Ancona is a British journalist. A former deputy editor of The Sunday Telegraph, he was appointed editor of The Spectator in February 2006, a post he retained until August 2009.-Early life:...

     (1989), journalist
  • Douglas Jay (1930), politician
  • Keith Joseph
    Keith Joseph
    Keith St John Joseph, Baron Joseph, Bt, CH, PC , was a British barrister and politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the Cabinet under three Prime Ministers , and is widely regarded to have been the "power behind the throne" in the creation of what came to be known as...

    , politician
  • Cosmo Gordon Lang (1888), Archbishop of Canterbury
    Archbishop of Canterbury
    The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion, and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. In his role as head of the Anglican Communion, the archbishop leads the third largest group...

  • Jeremy Morse
    Jeremy Morse
    Sir Jeremy Morse was Chancellor of the University of Bristol between 1989 and 2003 before being succeeded by the Baroness Hale of Richmond and was chairman of Lloyds Bank....

    , banker
  • John Redwood
    John Redwood
    John Alan Redwood is a British Conservative Party politician and Member of Parliament for Wokingham. He was formerly Secretary of State for Wales in Prime Minister John Major's Cabinet and was an unsuccessful challenger for the leadership of the Conservative Party in 1995...

     (1972), politician
  • A. L. Rowse
    A. L. Rowse
    Alfred Leslie Rowse, CH, FBA , known professionally as A. L. Rowse and to friends and family as Leslie, was a British historian from Cornwall. He is perhaps best known for his work on Elizabethan England and his poetry about Cornwall. He was also a Shakespearean scholar and biographer...

     (1925), historian and poet
  • Marcus du Sautoy
    Marcus du Sautoy
    Marcus Peter Francis du Sautoy OBE is the Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science and a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford. Formerly a Fellow of All Souls College, and Wadham College, he is now a Fellow of New College...

    , mathematician
  • Lord Chancellor Simon (1897), politician
  • William Waldegrave
    William Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave of North Hill
    William Arthur Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave of North Hill, PC , is an English Conservative politician who served in the Cabinet from 1990 until 1997 and is a Life Member of the Tory Reform Group. He is now a life peer. Lord Waldegrave is also the Chairman of the Rhodes Trust and the Chairman of...

     (1971), politician
  • Richard Wilberforce, jurist
  • Bernard Williams
    Bernard Williams
    Sir Bernard Arthur Owen Williams was an English moral philosopher, described by The Times as the most brilliant and most important British moral philosopher of his time. His publications include Problems of the Self , Moral Luck , Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy , and Truth and Truthfulness...

     (1951), philosopher

Unsuccessful
  • Hilaire Belloc
    Hilaire Belloc
    Joseph Hilaire Pierre René Belloc was an Anglo-French writer and historian who became a naturalised British subject in 1902. He was one of the most prolific writers in England during the early twentieth century. He was known as a writer, orator, poet, satirist, man of letters and political activist...

     (1895), author
  • John Buchan (1899), author and Governor General of Canada
    Governor General of Canada
    The Governor General of Canada is the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II...

  • Lord David Cecil
    Lord David Cecil
    Edward Christian David Gascoyne-Cecil, CH , was a British biographer, historian and academic. He held the style of 'Lord' by courtesy, as a younger son of a marquess.-Early life and studies:...

    , author
  • H. L. A. Hart
    H. L. A. Hart
    Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart was an influential legal philosopher of the 20th century. He was Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford University and the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford. He authored The Concept of Law....

     (1929, 1930), philosopher
  • William Holdsworth (1897), academic
  • Ramsay Muir
    Ramsay Muir
    Ramsay Bryce Muir was a British historian, Liberal Party politician and thinker who made a significant contribution to the development of liberal political philosophy in the 1920s and 1930s through his work on domestic industrial policy and his promotion of the international policy of...

     (1897), politician
  • Alfred Denning
  • Hugh Trevor-Roper, historian

Subjects of the "Essay"

  • "bias"
  • "censorship"
  • "chaos"
  • "charity"
  • "comedy"
  • "conversion" (1979)
  • "corruption"
  • "culture" (1914)
  • "diversity" (2001)
  • "error" (1993)
  • "harmony" (2007)
  • "innocence" (1964)
  • "integrity" (2002)
  • "mercy"
  • "miracles" (1994)
  • "morality"
  • "novelty" (2008)
  • "originality"
  • "possessions" (1925)
  • "reproduction" (2009)
  • "style" (2005)
  • "water" (2006)

Other fellowships


Other categories of fellowship include Senior Research Fellows, Post-Doctoral Research Fellows, Fifty-Pound Fellows (open only to former Fellows no longer holding posts in Oxford) and Distinguished Fellows. There are also many Professorial Fellows who hold their fellowships by reason of their University post.

Customs


Every hundred years, and generally on the date January 14, there is a commemorative feast after which the fellows parade around the College with flaming torches, singing the Mallard Song
Mallard Song
The Mallard Song is an ancient tradition of All Souls College, Oxford. It is sung once a century in a ceremony in which the Fellows parade around the College with flaming torches, led by a "Lord Mallard" who is carried in a chair, in search of a giant mallard that supposedly flew out of the...

and led by a "Lord Mallard" who is carried in a chair, in search of a legendary mallard that supposedly flew out of the foundations of the college when it was being built. During the hunt the Lord Mallard is preceded by a man bearing a pole to which a mallard is tied - originally a live bird, latterly either dead (1901) or carved from wood (2001). The last mallard ceremony was in 2001 and the next will be held in 2101. The precise origin of the custom is not known but it dates from at least 1632.

Fellows



Past and current fellows of the College have included:
  • Leo Amery
  • Andrew Ashworth
    Andrew Ashworth
    Andrew Ashworth CBE QC LLB PhD was the lead patent law examiner at St Johns Chambers Manchester and is a Vinerian Professor of English Law 2011-present at the University of Oxford, a Fellow of All Souls College, and Chairman of the Sentencing Advisory Panel...

  • F. W. Bain
    F. W. Bain
    Francis William Bain was a British writer of fantasy stories that he claimed were translated from Sanskrit.-Biography:...

  • Max Beloff
  • Sir Isaiah Berlin
  • Margaret Bent
    Margaret Bent
    Margaret Hilda Bent CBE, FBA is an English musicologist.She was educated at Haberdashers’ Aske’s Acton School and Girton College, Cambridge University , receiving her BA in 1962 and Ph.D in 1969...

  • Tim Besley
    Tim Besley
    Timothy John Besley, CBE served on the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee from September 2006 to August 2009 and is Kuwait professor of economics and political science at the London School of Economics, Director of the Suntory-Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related...

  • Peter Birks
    Peter Birks
    Peter Birks QC was the Regius Professor of Civil Law at the University of Oxford from 1989 until his death. He was a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. He earned an LLM at University College, London...

  • Malcolm Bowie
    Malcolm Bowie
    Malcolm McNaughtan Bowie FBA was a British academic, and Master of Christ's College, Cambridge from 2002 to 2006. An acclaimed scholar of French literature, Bowie wrote several books on Marcel Proust....

  • Peter Brown (historian)
    Peter Brown (historian)
    Peter Robert Lamont Brown is Rollins Professor of History at Princeton University. His principal contributions to the discipline have been in the field of late antiquity and, in particular, the religious culture of the later Roman Empire and early medieval Europe.-Life:Peter Brown was born in...

  • Sir Julian Bullard
    Julian Bullard
    Sir Julian Bullard GCMG was a British diplomat, Foreign Office Minister and Pro-Chancellor of Birmingham University. He was employed at Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service from 1953 until 1988, the ambassador to Bonn in the mid 1980s as well as heading up Britain's relations with Soviet Russia during...

  • Myles Burnyeat
    Myles Burnyeat
    Myles Fredric Burnyeat CBE FBA is an English classicist and philosopher.-Life:Educated at Bryanston School and King’s College, Cambridge, Burnyeat was a student of Bernard Williams at University College London....

  • Lionel Butler
    Lionel Harry Butler
    Dr Lionel Butler FRHistS MA DPhil was an academic and Principal of Royal Holloway College, University of London from 1973-1981.-Education and war service:...

  • Sir Raymond Carr
    Raymond Carr
    Sir Albert Raymond Maillard Carr FBA FRHS FRSL , known as Raymond Carr, is an English historian specializing in the history of Spain, Latin America, and Sweden who was Warden of St Antony's College, Oxford, from 1968 to 1987....

  • David Caute
    David Caute
    John David Caute is a British author, novelist, playwright, historian and journalist.Caute was educated at Edinburgh Academy, Wellington, Wadham College, Oxford and St Antony's College, Oxford. A Henry Fellow at Harvard, he was elected a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1959, but resigned in...

  • Alasdair Clayre
    Alasdair Clayre
    Alasdair George S. Clayre was a British man of many talents: author, broadcaster, singer-songwriter, and academic. He was educated at Oxford University and was a Prize Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. Clayre took his own life in 1984 by jumping in front of a train.Clayre was born in...

  • Christopher Codrington
    Christopher Codrington
    Christopher Codrington , British soldier, bibliophile and colonial governor, was born on the island of Barbados, West Indies, in 1668...

  • G. A. Cohen
    Gerald Cohen
    Gerald Allan "Jerry" Cohen was a Marxist political philosopher, formerly Visiting Quain Professor of Jurisprudence, University College, London and Chichele Professor of Social and Political Theory, All Souls College, Oxford...

  • Peter Conrad
    Peter Conrad (academic)
    Peter Conrad is an Australian-born academic specializing in English literature, currently teaching at Christ Church at Oxford University....

  • George Nathaniel Curzon
  • Matthew d'Ancona
    Matthew d'Ancona
    Matthew d'Ancona is a British journalist. A former deputy editor of The Sunday Telegraph, he was appointed editor of The Spectator in February 2006, a post he retained until August 2009.-Early life:...

  • David Daube
    David Daube
    David Daube DCL, FBA was the twentieth century's preeminent scholar of ancient law. He combined a familiarity with many legal systems, particularly Roman law and biblical law, with an expertise in Greek, Roman, Jewish, and Christian literature, and used literary, religious, and legal texts to...

  • David Dilks
    David Dilks
    David N. Dilks, PhD, FRHistS, FRSL, , is a British historian and emeritus Professor of International Relations at the University of Leeds. He was born in Foleshill, a suburb of Coventry, and attended The Royal Grammar School before winning a scholarship to Hertford College, Oxford, to read History...

  • Sheppard Frere
    Sheppard Frere
    Professor Sheppard Sunderland Frere, CBE, FSA, FBA is a former British historian and archaeologist who studied the Roman Empire.-Biography:...

  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, GCVO, PC , styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British Conservative statesman and thrice Prime Minister, serving for a total of over 13 years...

  • Gabriel Gorodetsky
    Gabriel Gorodetsky
    Gabriel Gorodetsky is a Quondam Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, and the holder of the Rubin Chair for Russian Studies at Tel Aviv University. Prof. Gorodetsky studied History and Russian Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and went on to obtain his Ph.D degree under the supervision...

  • Andrew Harvey
    Andrew Harvey
    Andrew Harvey is an author, religious scholar and teacher of mystic traditions, known primarily for his popular nonfiction books on spiritual or mystical themes, beginning with his 1983 A Journey in Ladakh...

  • Reginald Heber
    Reginald Heber
    Reginald Heber was the Church of England's Bishop of Calcutta who is now remembered chiefly as a hymn-writer.-Life:Heber was born at Malpas in Cheshire...

  • Rosemary Hill
    Rosemary Hill
    Rosemary Hill is an English writer and historian. She has published widely on 19th and 20th century cultural history, but she is best known for God's Architect, her multi-award-winning biography of Augustus Pugin...

  • Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone
    Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone
    For the businessman and philanthropist, see Quintin Hogg Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, KG, CH, PC, QC, FRS , formerly 2nd Viscount Hailsham , was a British politician who was known for the longevity of his career, the vigour with which he campaigned for the Conservative...

  • Christopher Hood
    Christopher Hood
    Christopher Cropper Hood CBE FBA is Gladstone Professor of Government at Oxford University, and a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. From 2004–2010 he was director of the ESRC Research Programme Public Services: Quality, Performance and Delivery...

  • John Hood
    John Hood
    John Hood was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford from 5 October 2004 until 30 September 2009. He was the first Vice-Chancellor to be elected from outside Oxford's academic body, and the first to have addressed the scholars' congregation via a webcast...

  • Sir Michael Howard
    Michael Howard (historian)
    Sir Michael Eliot Howard, OM, CH, CBE, MC, FBA is a British military historian, formerly Chichele Professor of the History of War and Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford University, and Robert A...

  • E. F. Jacob
    E. F. Jacob
    Ernest Fraser Jacob was a British medievalist and scholar.-Education:He was educated at Twyford School, Winchester College, and then for a period at New College, Oxford - broken by service in World War I. He won a fellowship to All Souls College, Oxford, and taught there and at Christ Church where...

  • Sir Keith Joseph
  • Colin Kidd
    Colin Kidd
    Professor Colin Craig Kidd MA, D.Phil, F.R.Hist.S, F.S.A.Scot, FRSE, is a historian specialising in American and Scottish history. He is currently Professor of Intellectual History and the History of Political Thought at Queen's University Belfast, where he has worked since leaving the University...

  • Leszek Kołakowski
  • Cosmo Gordon Lang
  • T. E. Lawrence
    T. E. Lawrence
    Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, CB, DSO , known professionally as T. E. Lawrence, was a British Army officer renowned especially for his liaison role during the Arab Revolt against Ottoman Turkish rule of 1916–18...

  • Sir Jeremy Lever QC
  • Sir Edward Chandos Leigh
  • Thomas Linacre
    Thomas Linacre
    Thomas Linacre was a humanist scholar and physician, after whom Linacre College, Oxford and Linacre House The King's School, Canterbury are named....

  • Vaughan Lowe
    Vaughan Lowe
    Alan Vaughan Lowe QC is a leading barrister and academic specialising in the field of international law. He has been Chichele Professor of Public International Law in the University of Oxford, and a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, since 1999...

     QC
  • Sir Colin Lucas
  • Noel Malcolm
    Noel Malcolm
    Noel Robert Malcolm FBA FRSL is a modern English historian, writer, and columnist.-Life:Malcolm was educated at Eton College , read History at Peterhouse, Cambridge, wrote his doctorate dissertation at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was for a time Fellow of Gonville and Caius College,...

  • Sir John Mason
  • Edward Mortimer
    Edward Mortimer
    Edward Mortimer CMG was until January 2007 the Director of Communications in the Executive Office of the United Nations Secretary-General...

  • Max Müller
    Max Müller
    Friedrich Max Müller , more regularly known as Max Müller, was a German philologist and Orientalist, one of the founders of the western academic field of Indian studies and the discipline of comparative religion...

  • Patrick Neill
  • Avner Offer
    Avner Offer
    Avner Offer is an Economic historian who currently holds the Chichele Professorship in Economic history at the University of Oxford, England. He is a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, and of the British Academy. He specializes in international political economy, law, the First World War and land...

  • David Pannick
    David Pannick
    David Philip Pannick, Baron Pannick QC is a leading barrister in the United Kingdom, and crossbencher in the House of Lords. He practises mainly in the areas of public law and human rights...

     QC
  • Derek Parfit
    Derek Parfit
    Derek Parfit is a British philosopher who specializes in problems of personal identity, rationality and ethics, and the relations between them. His 1984 book Reasons and Persons has been very influential...

  • Anthony Quinton
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
    Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan , OM, FBA was an Indian philosopher and statesman. He was the first Vice President of India and subsequently the second President of India ....

  • John Redwood
    John Redwood
    John Alan Redwood is a British Conservative Party politician and Member of Parliament for Wokingham. He was formerly Secretary of State for Wales in Prime Minister John Major's Cabinet and was an unsuccessful challenger for the leadership of the Conservative Party in 1995...

  • A. L. Rowse
    A. L. Rowse
    Alfred Leslie Rowse, CH, FBA , known professionally as A. L. Rowse and to friends and family as Leslie, was a British historian from Cornwall. He is perhaps best known for his work on Elizabethan England and his poetry about Cornwall. He was also a Shakespearean scholar and biographer...

  • Peter Salway
    Peter Salway
    Peter Salway is a British historian, who specialises in Roman Britain. He was a tutor for the Open University and later a fellow of Sidney Sussex College Cambridge and later at All Souls College Oxford. He is the author of Roman Britain , a volume in the Oxford History of England series.-References:...

  • Graeme Segal
    Graeme Segal
    Graeme Bryce Segal is a British mathematician, and professor at the University of Oxford.Segal was educated at the University of Sydney, where he received his BSc degree in 1961. He went on to receive his D.Phil...

  • Amartya Sen
    Amartya Sen
    Amartya Sen, CH is an Indian economist who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory, and for his interest in the problems of society's poorest members...

  • Patrick Shaw-Stewart
    Patrick Shaw-Stewart
    Patrick Houston Shaw-Stewart was a brilliant Eton College and Oxford scholar of the Edwardian era who died on active service as a battalion commander in the Royal Naval Division during the First World War....

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Chapel



Built between 1438 and 1442 it remained largely unchanged until the Commonwealth - Oxford having been a Royalist stronghold, suffered a certain amount of the Puritans' wrath. The 42 misericord
Misericord
A misericord is a small wooden shelf on the underside of a folding seat in a church, installed to provide a degree of comfort for a person who has to stand during long periods of prayer.-Origins:...

s date from the Chapel’s building, and show a family resemblance to the misericords at Higham Ferrers
Higham Ferrers
Higham Ferrers is a market town in the Nene Valley in East Northamptonshire, England, close to the Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire borders. It forms a single urban area with Rushden to the south and has an estimated population of 6,086...

as they were, also, possibly carved by Richard Tyllock.

Sir Christopher Wren was a Fellow from 1653 and in 1658 produced a sundial, which was placed on the South wall of the Chapel, until it was moved to the quadrangle in 1877. During the 1660s a screen was installed, which was based on a design by Wren. However, this screen needed to be rebuilt by 1713. By the mid-19th century, much work was needed and so, today’s chapel is heavily influenced by Victorian ideals.

External links