London Borough of Camden

London Borough of Camden

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In 1801, the civil parish
Civil parish
In England, a civil parish is a territorial designation and, where they are found, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties...

es that form the modern borough were already developed and had a total population of 96,795. This continued to rise swiftly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 270,197 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth
Population growth
Population growth is the change in a population over time, and can be quantified as the change in the number of individuals of any species in a population using "per unit time" for measurement....

 slowed: while many people were drawn in by new employment, others were made homeless by the new central London termini and construction of lines through the district. The population peaked at 376,500 in the 1890s when official efforts began to clear the overcrowded slum
Slum
A slum, as defined by United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security. According to the United Nations, the percentage of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the...

s around St Pancras
Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras
The Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden...

 and Holborn
Metropolitan Borough of Holborn
The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead to form the London Borough of Camden....

.

After World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, further suburban public housing projects were built to rehouse the many Londoners made homeless in the Blitz
The Blitz
The Blitz was the sustained strategic bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941, during the Second World War. The city of London was bombed by the Luftwaffe for 76 consecutive nights and many towns and cities across the country followed...

, and there was an exodus from London towards the new towns
New towns in the United Kingdom
Below is a list of some of the new towns in the United Kingdom created under the various New Town Acts of the 20th century. Some earlier towns were developed as Garden Cities or overspill estates early in the twentieth century. The New Towns proper were planned to disperse population following the...

 under the Abercrombie Plan for London
Greater London Plan
The Greater London Plan of 1944, often referred to as the Abercrombie Plan, was a plan for the development and improvement of London commissioned by the Ministry of Works in 1942 and drawn up by Patrick Abercrombie....

 (1944). As industry declined during the 1970s the population continued its decline, falling to 161,100 at the start of the 1980s. It has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross
Kings Cross, London
King's Cross is an area of London partly in the London Borough of Camden and partly in the London Borough of Islington. It is an inner-city district located 2.5 miles north of Charing Cross. The area formerly had a reputation for being a red light district and run-down. However, rapid regeneration...

.

The 2001 census
United Kingdom Census 2001
A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001. This was the 20th UK Census and recorded a resident population of 58,789,194....

 gave Camden a population of 198,000, an undercount that was later revised to 202,600. The projected 2006 figure is 227,500.

On 20 May 1999, the Camden New Journal
Camden New Journal
The Camden New Journal is a free, independent newspaper that covers the London Borough of Camden. It was born out of a strike in the 1980s supported by campaigning journalist Paul Foot, Holborn and St Pancras MP Frank Dobson and the paper's editor Eric Gordon...

newspaper documented 'Two Camdens' syndrome as a high profile phenomenon differentiating the characteristics of education services in its constituencies. In 2006, Dame Julia Neuberger's book reported similar variation as a characteristic of Camden's children's health services. Her insider's view was corroboration - in addition to the 2001 "Inequalities" report by Director of Public Health Dr. Maggie Barker, of "stark contrasts in" health and education opportunities - of earlier similar Audit Commission findings and a verification/update of the 1999 CNJ report.

Major public or private bodies

  • The Architectural Association
  • Birkbeck, University of London
    Birkbeck, University of London
    Birkbeck, University of London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom and a constituent college of the federal University of London. It offers many Master's and Bachelor's degree programmes that can be studied either part-time or full-time, though nearly all teaching is...

  • The British Library
    British Library
    The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom, and is the world's largest library in terms of total number of items. The library is a major research library, holding over 150 million items from every country in the world, in virtually all known languages and in many formats,...

  • British Medical Association
    British Medical Association
    The British Medical Association is the professional association and registered trade union for doctors in the United Kingdom. The association does not regulate or certify doctors, a responsibility which lies with the General Medical Council. The association’s headquarters are located in BMA House,...

  • The British Museum
    British Museum
    The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture in London. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its...

  • Cancer Research UK
    Cancer Research UK
    Cancer Research UK is a cancer research and awareness charity in the United Kingdom, formed on 4 February 2002 by the merger of The Cancer Research Campaign and the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. Its aim is to reduce the number of deaths from cancer. As the world's largest independent cancer...

  • Central School of Speech and Drama
    Central School of Speech and Drama
    The Central School of Speech and Drama was founded in London in 1906 by Elsie Fogerty to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students...

  • The College of Law
    The College of Law
    The College of Law of England and Wales is a private educational institution in England and a registered charity which provides legal education for students and professionals.-20th century:...

  • National Union of Students
  • Great Ormond Street Hospital
    Great Ormond Street Hospital
    Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children is a children's hospital located in London, United Kingdom...

  • Goodenough College
    Goodenough College
    Goodenough College is a postgraduate residence and educational trust on Mecklenburgh Square in Bloomsbury, central London, England. Other names under which the College has been known are London House, William Goodenough House, and the London Goodenough Trust.-Profile:The College is an international...

  • Royal College of Surgeons
    Royal College of Surgeons of England
    The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body and registered charity committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients, regulating surgery, including dentistry, in England and Wales...

  • King's Cross railway station, St. Pancras station, Euston station
    Euston railway station
    Euston railway station, also known as London Euston, is a central London railway terminus in the London Borough of Camden. It is the sixth busiest rail terminal in London . It is one of 18 railway stations managed by Network Rail, and is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line...

  • Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
    Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
    The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art is a drama school located in London, United Kingdom. It is generally regarded as one of the most renowned drama schools in the world, and is one of the oldest drama schools in the United Kingdom, having been founded in 1904.RADA is an affiliate school of the...

  • Royal College of Physicians
    Royal College of Physicians
    The Royal College of Physicians of London was founded in 1518 as the College of Physicians by royal charter of King Henry VIII in 1518 - the first medical institution in England to receive a royal charter...

  • Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
    Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
    The Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons is the regulatory body for veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom. Established in 1844 by Royal Charter, its statutory duties are laid out in the 1966 Veterinary Surgeons Act.-Role:...

  • Royal Free Hospital
    Royal Free Hospital
    The Royal Free Hospital is a major teaching hospital in Hampstead, London, England and part of the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust....

  • Royal Veterinary College
    Royal Veterinary College
    The Royal Veterinary College is a veterinary school located in London, United Kingdom and a constituent college of the federal University of London. The RVC was founded in 1791 and joined the University of London in 1949...

     (Camden Campus)
  • School of Oriental and African Studies
    School of Oriental and African Studies
    The School of Oriental and African Studies is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom and a constituent college of the University of London...

  • Slade School of Fine Art
    Slade School of Fine Art
    The Slade School of Fine Art is a world-renownedart school in London, United Kingdom, and a department of University College London...

  • University College Hospital
    University College Hospital
    University College Hospital is a teaching hospital located in London, United Kingdom. It is part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and is closely associated with University College London ....

  • University College London
    University College London
    University College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom and the oldest and largest constituent college of the federal University of London...

  • University of London
    University of London
    -20th century:Shortly after 6 Burlington Gardens was vacated, the University went through a period of rapid expansion. Bedford College, Royal Holloway and the London School of Economics all joined in 1900, Regent's Park College, which had affiliated in 1841 became an official divinity school of the...

     Headquarters
  • Working Men's College
    Working Men's College
    The Working Men's College- WMC, being among the earliest adult education institutions established in the United Kingdom, is Europe's oldest extant centre for adult education and perhaps one of its smallest...

  • Wellcome Trust
    Wellcome Trust
    The Wellcome Trust was established in 1936 as an independent charity funding research to improve human and animal health. With an endowment of around £13.9 billion, it is the United Kingdom's largest non-governmental source of funds for biomedical research...

  • Trades Union Congress
    Trades Union Congress
    The Trades Union Congress is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in the United Kingdom, representing the majority of trade unions...

     (TUC)

Attractions

  • Bloomsbury Theatre
  • BT Tower
    BT Tower
    The BT Tower is a tall cylindrical building in London, United Kingdom, located at 60 Cleveland Street, Fitzrovia W1T 4JZ, London Borough of Camden. It has been previously known as the Post Office Tower, the London Telecom Tower and the British Telecom Tower. The main structure is tall, with a...

  • Camden Arts Centre
    Camden Arts Centre
    Camden Arts Centre is a contemporary visual art gallery, dedicated to engaging living artists from across the world. Positioning the artist at the centre of the programme, Camden Arts Centre strives to involve the public in the ideas and work of today's artists.The exhibition and education...

  • Camden catacombs
    Camden Catacombs
    The Camden Catacombs are a system of underground passages in Camden Town, constructed in the 19th century. The catacombs were originally used as stables for horses and pit ponies working on the railways. The catacombs also included an underground pool for canal boats operating on the nearby...

     (see also Catacombs of London
    Catacombs of London
    The catacombs of London are a series of subterranean spaces in London, United Kingdom. The city's high water table limits subterreanean construction....

    )
  • Camden Market
    Camden Market
    The Camden Markets are a number of adjoining large markets in Camden Town near the Hampstead Road Lock of the Regent's Canal , often called collectively "Camden Market" or "Camden Lock". The stalls sell crafts, clothing, bric-a-brac, fast food, and other things...

  • Parts of Covent Garden
    Covent Garden
    Covent Garden is a district in London on the eastern fringes of the West End, between St. Martin's Lane and Drury Lane. It is associated with the former fruit and vegetable market in the central square, now a popular shopping and tourist site, and the Royal Opera House, which is also known as...

  • Dickens House
  • Dominion Theatre
    Dominion Theatre
    The Dominion Theatre is a West End theatre on Tottenham Court Road close to St Giles Circus and Centre Point Tower, in the London Borough of Camden.-History:...

  • Drama Centre London
  • Fenton House
    Fenton House
    Fenton House is a 17th century merchant's house in Hampstead in North London which belongs to the National Trust, bequeathed to them in 1952 by Lady Binning, its last owner and resident. It is a detached house with a walled garden, which is large by London standards, and features roses, an orchard...

  • Foundling Museum
    Foundling Museum
    The Foundling Museum in London tells the story of the Foundling Hospital, Britain's first home for abandoned children. The museum houses the nationally important Foundling Hospital Art Collection as well as the Gerald Coke Handel Collection, the world's greatest privately amassed collection of...

  • Freud Museum
    Freud Museum
    The Freud Museum, at 20 Maresfield Gardens in Hampstead, was the home of Sigmund Freud and his family when they escaped Nazi annexation of Austria in 1938. It remained the family home until Anna Freud, the youngest daughter, died in 1982. The centrepiece of the museum is Freud's study, preserved...

  • Gray's Inn
    Gray's Inn
    The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, an individual must belong to one of these Inns...

  • Hampstead Cemetery
    Hampstead Cemetery
    Hampstead Cemetery is a historic cemetery in West Hampstead, London, located at the upper extremity of the NW6 district. Despite the name, the cemetery is three-quarters of a mile from Hampstead Village, and bears a different postcode...

  • Hampstead Heath
    Hampstead Heath
    Hampstead Heath is a large, ancient London park, covering . This grassy public space sits astride a sandy ridge, one of the highest points in London, running from Hampstead to Highgate, which rests on a band of London clay...

  • Hatton Garden
    Hatton Garden
    Hatton Garden is a street and area near Holborn in London, England. It is most famous for being London’s jewellery quarter and centre of the UK diamond trade, but the area is also now home to a diverse range of media and creative businesses....

  • Highgate Cemetery
    Highgate Cemetery
    Highgate Cemetery is a cemetery located in north London, England. It is designated Grade I on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. It is divided into two parts, named the East and West cemetery....

  • Keats' House
    Keats' House
    Keats House is a museum in a house once occupied by the Romantic poet John Keats. It is in Keats Grove, Hampstead, north London. Maps prior to ca.1915...

  • Kenwood House
    Kenwood House
    Kenwood House is a former stately home, in Hampstead, London, on the northern boundary of Hampstead Heath. It is managed by English Heritage.-History:...

  • Lincoln's Inn
    Lincoln's Inn
    The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar. The other three are Middle Temple, Inner Temple and Gray's Inn. Although Lincoln's Inn is able to trace its official records beyond...

  • L. Ron Hubbard's Fitzroy House
  • Parliament Hill Lido
    Parliament Hill Lido
    Parliament Hill Lido, Parliament Hill Fields, Gordon House Road, Hampstead Heath, North London, is next to Gospel Oak railway station. The lido, also known as Hampstead Heath Lido, is a public unheated open air swimming pool, open for 12 months a year...

  • Phoenix Garden
    Phoenix Garden
    The Phoenix Garden is a local community garden in central London, England, established in 1984.Located in St Giles behind the Phoenix Theatre, within the London Borough of Camden, the Phoenix Garden is nestled between the busy Soho and Covent Garden areas...

  • The eastern part of Regent's Park
    Regent's Park
    Regent's Park is one of the Royal Parks of London. It is in the north-western part of central London, partly in the City of Westminster and partly in the London Borough of Camden...

     is in the borough
  • The Roundhouse
    The Roundhouse
    The Roundhouse is a Grade II* listed former railway engine shed in Chalk Farm, London, England, which has been converted into a performing arts and concert venue. It was originally built in 1847 as a roundhouse , a circular building containing a railway turntable, but was only used for railway...

  • Russell Square
    Russell Square
    Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden. It is near the University of London's main buildings and the British Museum. To the north is Woburn Place and to the south-east is Southampton Row...

  • Shaftesbury Theatre
    Shaftesbury Theatre
    The Shaftesbury Theatre is a West End Theatre, located on Shaftesbury Avenue, in the London Borough of Camden.-History:The theatre was designed for the brothers Walter and Frederick Melville by Bertie Crewe and opened on 26 December 1911 with a production of The Three Musketeers, as the New...

  • Sir John Soane's Museum
  • Upstairs at The Gatehouse
    Upstairs at The Gatehouse
    Upstairs at The Gatehouse is a pub theatre in Highgate in the London Borough of Camden.The venue is a refurbished 1895 auditorium, upstairs from the Gatehouse pub, that has served over the years as a music hall, cinema, Masonic lodge, and a jazz and folk music club that once hosted a performance by...

  • World's End (Camden)
  • London Zoo
    London Zoo
    London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo. It was opened in London on 27 April 1828, and was originally intended to be used as a collection for scientific study. It was eventually opened to the public in 1847...

  • London Astoria
    London Astoria
    The London Astoria was a music venue, located at 157 Charing Cross Road, in London, England. It had been leased and run by Festival Republic since 2000. It was closed on 15 January 2009 and has since been demolished...

  • Electric Ballroom
    Electric Ballroom
    The Electric Ballroom is a performance venue and indoor market located at 184 Camden High Street in Camden Town, London . The Electric Ballroom has been in operation for over seventy years, during which time it has been used in many different ways.The two storey building has two dance floors and...

  • Wellcome Collection
    Wellcome Collection
    The Wellcome Collection is a museum at 183 Euston Road, London, displaying an unusual mixture of medical artifacts and original artworks exploring 'ideas about the connections between medicine, life and art'. The Collection comprises three public exhibition spaces, an auditorium, events space, cafe...

  • Pond Street Protest
    • See also Camden parks and open spaces
      Camden parks and open spaces
      The London Borough of Camden is arguably the greenest of the Inner London boroughs. This is largely because it contains most of the extensive swathe of land that is Hampstead Heath. But there are also many smaller green spaces, like Primrose Hill...


Education


The London Borough of Camden is the local education authority for the borough, organised through the Children, Schools and Families Directorate.

Primary schools

Source. (CE indicates Church of England, RC Roman Catholic schools, (J) indicates a junior school and (H) a specialist hospital school).
  • Argyle
  • Beckford
  • Brecknock
  • Brookfield
    Brookfield School
    Brookfield School is a state primary school, with a full and part-time Nursery. The school was built in 1913 in Dartmouth Park, in the present London Borough of Camden, England....

  • Carlton
  • Christ Church (Hampstead) (CE)
  • Christ Church (Redhill St) (CE)
  • Christopher Hatton
  • Edith Neville
  • Eleanor Palmer
  • Emmanuel CE
  • Fitzjohns
  • Fleet
  • Gospel Oak
  • Great Ormond Street (H)
  • Hampstead parochial CE
  • Hawley (I)
  • Holy Trinity (Trinity Walk) CE
  • Holy Trinity and St Silas CE
  • Kentish Town CE
  • Kingsgate
  • Netley
  • New End
  • Our Lady's RC
  • Primrose Hill
  • Rhyl
  • Richard Cobden
  • Rosary RC
  • Royal Free (H)
  • St Albans CE
  • St Aloysius RC
  • St Dominic's RC
  • St Eugene de Mazenod RC
  • St George the Martyr CE
  • St Joseph's RC
  • St Mary & St Pancras CE
  • St Mary's (Kilburn) CE
  • St Michael's (Camden Town) CE
  • St Patrick's RC
  • St Paul's CE
  • Torriano

  • Secondary schools

    Source.
    • Acland Burghley School
      Acland Burghley School
      Acland Burghley School is a mixed comprehensive secondary school in the Tufnell Park area of the London Borough of Camden, in London, England. The school received specialist status as an Arts College in 2000...

    • Camden School for Girls
      Camden School for Girls
      The Camden School for Girls is a comprehensive secondary school for girls, with a co-educational sixth form, in the London Borough of Camden in North London. It has about one thousand students of ages eleven to eighteen, and specialist-school status as a Music College...

    • Hampstead School
      Hampstead School
      Hampstead School is a large multi-ethnic comprehensive school in the London borough of Camden. The school building is one of the oldest in the borough...

    • Haverstock School
    • La Sainte Union Catholic Secondary School
  • Maria Fidelis RC Convent School
  • Parliament Hill School
    Parliament Hill School
    Parliament Hill School for girls is a specialist technology college in the Borough of Camden in London, England.-Present day:It has Investors in People accreditation and participates in the London Excellence in Work Experience Scheme. Located on the edge of Hampstead Heath it has added two new...

  • South Camden Community School (SCCS)
    South Camden Community School (SCCS)
    South Camden Community School is a co-educational comprehensive secondary school in Somers Town, in the London Borough of Camden, England. Formerly from 1951 it was known as Sir William Collins Secondary School for boys only...

  • South Hampstead High School
    South Hampstead High School
    South Hampstead High School is an all-girls independent day school situated in Hampstead, north-west London. The school was founded and is still supported by The Girls' Day School Trust . The school operates over two sites, the Senior school and Junior school which are run as a single unit with...

  • William Ellis School
    William Ellis School
    William Ellis School is a United Kingdom secondary comprehensive school for boys in Highgate, London.-Admissions:It is a specialist Language College. The School's motto is 'Rather Use Than Fame'. The school is over-subscribed, usually an indicator of a popular school. It is situated just west of...

  • Both the Royal Free and Great Ormond St operate specialist secondary education in hospital units.

    Independent

    • Devonshire House Preparatory School
      Devonshire House Preparatory School
      Devonshire House preparatory school is a co-educational independent IAPS day school for children from 2½ to 11 for girls and to 13 for boys. The School is based in four large Victorian houses in Hampstead. The School currently has about 580 pupils with just over half boys.-History:Devonshire House...

    • Hall School
      Hall School (Hampstead)
      The Hall School is an independent boys' preparatory school in Belsize Park, Hampstead, London, currently teaching boys from the age of four to thirteen.-Description:The school is known for high academic standards...

       (Boys)
    • Heathside Preparatory School
    • Lyndhurst House Preparatory School (Boys)
    • Maria Montessori School
    • North Bridge House School
      North Bridge House School
      North Bridge House School is an independent school in London for 2½ to 16-year-olds. The school has three different locations for different age groups. The first, located in Hampstead on Fitzjohn's Avenue, is for 2½ - 5 year olds. The second, located near the first, on Netherhall Gardens, is for 5...

    • Phoenix School
      University College School
      University College School, generally known as UCS, is an Independent school charity situated in Hampstead, north west London, England. The school was founded in 1830 by University College London and inherited many of that institution's progressive and secular views...

    • Royal School Hampstead (Girls)
    • South Hampstead Junior School (Girls)
    • Southbank International Preparatory School
    • St Anthony’s Preparatory School (Boys)
    • St Christopher's School (Girls)
    • St Margaret's School (Girls)
    • St Mary's School (Hampstead)
    • The Academy School
    • University College School (Junior Branch)
      University College School
      University College School, generally known as UCS, is an Independent school charity situated in Hampstead, north west London, England. The school was founded in 1830 by University College London and inherited many of that institution's progressive and secular views...

       (Boys)

    Transport




    Buses
    All bus
    London Buses
    London Buses is the subsidiary of Transport for London that manages bus services within Greater London, UK. Buses are required to carry similar red colour schemes and conform to the same fare scheme...

     services are operated by Transport for London
    Transport for London
    Transport for London is the local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system in Greater London in England. Its role is to implement the transport strategy and to manage transport services across London...

    . Buses serve every suburb in the borough.

    National Rail
    Three of the fourteen central London's railway terminals are located in the borough. , St. Pancras International and Kings Cross are the London termini for the West Coast
    West Coast Main Line
    The West Coast Main Line is the busiest mixed-traffic railway route in Britain, being the country's most important rail backbone in terms of population served. Fast, long-distance inter-city passenger services are provided between London, the West Midlands, the North West, North Wales and the...

    , Midland
    Midland Main Line
    The Midland Main Line is a major railway route in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system.The present-day line links London St...

     and East Coast
    East Coast Main Line
    The East Coast Main Line is a long electrified high-speed railway link between London, Peterborough, Doncaster, Wakefield, Leeds, York, Darlington, Newcastle and Edinburgh...

     Main Lines and also High Speed 1. This connects the borough with the East of England
    East of England
    The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. It was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics from 1999. It includes the ceremonial counties of Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk. Essex has the highest population in the region.Its...

    , East Midlands
    East Midlands
    The East Midlands is one of the regions of England, consisting of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. It encompasses the combined area of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, Northamptonshire and most of Lincolnshire...

    , West Midlands
    West Midlands (county)
    The West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a 2009 estimated population of 2,638,700. It came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972, formed from parts of Staffordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire. The...

    , North East & West
    North West England
    North West England, informally known as The North West, is one of the nine official regions of England.North West England had a 2006 estimated population of 6,853,201 the third most populated region after London and the South East...

     England, Scotland, South East England
    South East England
    South East England is one of the nine official regions of England, designated in 1994 and adopted for statistical purposes in 1999. It consists of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey and West Sussex...

    , Northern France and Brussels
    Brussels
    Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

    .

    Since 14 November 2007 when St Pancras International became the new terminus of Eurostar
    Eurostar
    Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Paris and Brussels. All its trains traverse the Channel Tunnel between England and France, owned and operated separately by Eurotunnel....

    , a major regeneration of the area has occurred with the King's Cross Central
    King's Cross Central
    King's Cross Central is a multi-billion pound mixed-use property development in central London. The site is owned and controlled by London and Continental Railways and Exel, which selected Argent St George to be the developer for King's Cross Central, after an extensive selection process...

     development happening behind the station.

    London Overground
    London Overground
    London Overground is a suburban rail network in London and Hertfordshire. It has been operated by London Overground Rail Operations since 2007 as part of the National Rail network, under the franchise control and branding of Transport for London...

    's North London Line
    North London Line
    The North London Line is a railway line which passes through the inner suburbs of north London, England. Its route is a rough semicircle from the south west to the north east, avoiding central London. The line is owned and maintained by Network Rail...

     services run through the borough serving , , , , and . The North London Line is currently (as of July 2010) being upgraded to be-able to have more and longer trains run on it. Work is due to be complete in May 2011 in time for the London 2012 Olympics. London Overground also operates the Watford DC Line
    Watford DC Line
    The Watford DC Line is a commuter railway line from London Euston to Watford Junction. Services on the line are operated by London Overground....

     services from Euston serving , trains continue to Watford
    Watford
    Watford is a town and borough in Hertfordshire, England, situated northwest of central London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. The borough is separated from Greater London to the south by the urbanised parish of Watford Rural in the Three Rivers District.Watford was created as an urban...

     in Hertfordshire
    Hertfordshire
    Hertfordshire is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England. The county town is Hertford.The county is one of the Home Counties and lies inland, bordered by Greater London , Buckinghamshire , Bedfordshire , Cambridgeshire and...

    .

    First Capital Connect
    First Capital Connect
    First Capital Connect is a passenger train operating company in England that began operations on the National Rail network on 1 April 2006...

     Thameslink
    Thameslink
    Thameslink is a fifty-station main-line route in the British railway system running north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton, serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport. It opened as a through service in 1988 and by 1998 was severely overcrowded, carrying more than...

     route services serve , Kentish Town
    Kentish Town station
    Kentish Town station is a London Underground and National Rail station in Kentish Town in the London Borough of Camden. It is at the junction of Kentish Town Road and Leighton Road...

     and stations. Currently the Thameslink network is undergoing a major expansion project called the Thameslink Programme
    Thameslink Programme
    The Thameslink Programme, originally Thameslink 2000, is a £6 billion project in south-east England to upgrade and expand the Thameslink rail network to provide new and longer trains between a wider range of stations to the north and to the south of London without requiring passengers to change...

    . This will link more places in Southern England to the borough and to the East of England. While some services on the Great Northern
    Great Northern
    Great Northern may refer to:* Great Northern , led by former 30 Seconds to Mars member Solon Bixler*Great Northern , led by former Mission Mountain Wood Band member Rob Quist...

     network, which currently terminate at King's Cross will be diverted onto the Thameslink network, all work is due to be complete by 2016.

    Underground
    London Underground
    London Underground
    The London Underground is a rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London and some parts of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex in England...

     services the provided by the Circle, Hammersmith & City
    Hammersmith & City Line
    The Hammersmith & City line is a subsurface London Underground line. It connects Hammersmith in the west with Barking in the east, running through the northern part of central London. It is coloured salmon pink on the Tube map...

    , Jubilee
    Jubilee Line
    The Jubilee line is a line on the London Underground , in the United Kingdom. It was built in two major sections—initially to Charing Cross, in central London, and later extended, in 1999, to Stratford, in east London. The later stations are larger and have special safety features, both aspects...

    , Metropolitan
    Metropolitan Line
    The Metropolitan line is part of the London Underground. It is coloured in Transport for London's Corporate Magenta on the Tube map and in other branding. It was the first underground railway in the world, opening as the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863...

    , Northern
    Northern Line
    The Northern line is a London Underground line. It is coloured black on the Tube map.For most of its length it is a deep-level tube line. The line carries 206,734,000 passengers per year. This is the highest number of any line on the London Underground system, but the Northern line is unique in...

    , Piccadilly
    Piccadilly Line
    The Piccadilly line is a line of the London Underground, coloured dark blue on the Tube map. It is the fifth busiest line on the Underground network judged by the number of passengers transported per year. It is mainly a deep-level line, running from the north to the west of London via Zone 1, with...

     and Victoria
    Victoria Line
    The Victoria line is a deep-level London Underground line running from the south to the north-east of London. It is coloured light blue on the Tube map...

     lines, these all serve apart from the Jubilee. Other stations in the borough - , , , , , , , , , , , and Kentish Town are scattered around the borough.

    Future
    A proposed rail or underground line called the Chelsea-Hackney line
    Chelsea-Hackney Line
    The Chelsea–Hackney line is a safeguarded route for an underground railway running from south-west London to north-east London...

     (also known as Crossrail 2 and the Chelney line) would run through the borough serving King's Cross St. Pancras tube station. The line would run between and Wimbledon
    Wimbledon station
    Wimbledon station is a National Rail, London Underground, and Tramlink station located in Wimbledon in the London Borough of Merton, and is the only London station that provides an interchange between rail, Underground, and Tramlink services...

    .

    The formerly proposed Cross River Tram
    Cross River Tram
    Cross River Tram was a Transport for London proposal for a tram system in London, England, UK. It was planned to run on a north-south route from Camden Town in the north, through and , to Peckham and Brixton in the south....

     was going to start in the borough at Camden but was scrapped by the Mayor of London
    Mayor of London
    The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London. Conservative Boris Johnson has held the position since 4 May 2008...

    .

    Police


    Camden is policed by the Metropolitan Police
    Metropolitan police
    Metropolitan Police is a generic title for the municipal police force for a major metropolitan area, and it may be part of the official title of the force...

    . There are five police stations across the borough, situated at Holborn
    Holborn
    Holborn is an area of Central London. Holborn is also the name of the area's principal east-west street, running as High Holborn from St Giles's High Street to Gray's Inn Road and then on to Holborn Viaduct...

    , Kentish Town
    Kentish Town
    Kentish Town is an area of north west London, England in the London Borough of Camden.-History:The most widely accepted explanation of the name of Kentish Town is that it derived from 'Ken-ditch' meaning the 'bed of a waterway'...

    , West Hampstead
    West Hampstead
    West Hampstead is an area in northwest London, England, situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, and South Hampstead to the south. Until the late 19th century, the locale was a small village called West End...

    , Hampstead
    Hampstead
    Hampstead is an area of London, England, north-west of Charing Cross. Part of the London Borough of Camden in Inner London, it is known for its intellectual, liberal, artistic, musical and literary associations and for Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland...

     and Albany Street. Holborn and Kentish Town are open 24 hours to the public. Opening hours of the other stations vary. However the police are currently planning to consolidate all response (i.e. 999) policing at Kentish Town, with plainclothes and specialist units moved from Kentish town to the smaller stations from about April 2011. It is anticipated that Public consultations on this plan will shortly commence. (Jan 2011)

    The current Borough Commander for Camden is Chief Superintendent
    Chief Superintendent
    Chief superintendent is a senior rank in police forces organised on the British model.- United Kingdom :In the British police, a chief superintendent is senior to a superintendent and junior to an assistant chief constable .The highest rank below Chief Officer level, chief...

    John Sutherland.

    London Fire Brigade


    Four fire stations (Belsize, Euston, Kentish Town, West Hampstead) are operated by London Fire Brigade in the borough of Camden. None of these fire stations are home to any specialist units; just pumping appliances and a rescue tender. In 2006/2007, the four stations attended just under eight thousand incidents.

    During 2006/2007 the ward of King's Cross had the most malicious calls, with over 40 against a total for the borough of 161.

    Since 2002, Camden has seen a steady decrease in the number of fires attended (2002/2003 - 768; 2006/2007 - 547: -28%), something the LFB will put down to its commitment to its Community Fire Safety scheme.

    Three of London's busiest railway stations are in the borough, with somewhere in the region of 52 million passengers using the three every year.

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