Svetlana Khorkina

Svetlana Khorkina

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Svetlana Vasilyevna Khorkina ' onMouseout='HidePop("92859")' href="http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Belgorod">Belgorod
Belgorod
-Twin towns/sister cities:Belgorod is twinned with: Wakefield, England, United Kingdom Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia Opole, Poland Vyshhorod, Ukraine Kharkiv, Ukraine-External links:...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

) is a popular Russian gymnast and seven-time Olympic medalist, who is now a deputy at the Russian State Duma. With an unprecedented nine gold, eight silver, and three bronze World Championships medals, she is one of the most successful female gymnasts of her era and has been cited as a fan favorite in various polls in gymnastics magazines. Khorkina is also notable because she was able to continue competing and winning medals for more than a decade, participating in three Olympics and three changes to the Code of Points
Code of Points (artistic gymnastics)
A Code of Points is a rulebook that defines the scoring system for each level of competition in gymnastics. There is no unified, international code of points; every oversight organization—such as FIG , NCAA Gymnastics, and most national gymnastics federations—designs and employs its own unique Code...

. She won her final World Championships all-around title at the age of 24 in 2003 which tied her with Věra Čáslavská
Vera Cáslavská
Věra Čáslavská is a Czech gymnast. Blonde, cheerful and possessing impressive stage presence, she was generally popular with the public and won a total of 22 international titles...

 as the second oldest female World Champion, second to Larisa Latynina who won her second World All Around title in 1962
1962 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
The 15th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held on July 3–8, 1962 in Prague, the capital of Czechoslovakia.- Men’s events :- Women's events :- Medal table :-References:*...

 at the age of 27.
In her career she won 47 World,Olympic and European medals.
Khorkina won more medals in major All-Around Championships than any other gymnast — male or female - 10 ( 7 Gold,3 Silver).

Khorkina is known for her expressive dance, extreme difficulty, and innovative routines. She has also been heavily criticized for bad sportsmanship and is notorious for proclaiming herself the winner in events where she did not win. Khorkina is known for being a "diva
Diva
A diva is a celebrated female singer. The term is used to describe a woman of outstanding talent in the world of opera, and, by extension, in theatre, cinema and popular music. The meaning of diva is closely related to that of "prima donna"....

," but has embraced such charges, stating "I don't mind. I wouldn't have been called a diva or a queen if I wasn't creative."

At 1.65 m (5'5"), Khorkina was unusually tall for her sport. Known for her long, elegant lines, she was discouraged from gymnastics because of her height, but with the help of her lifelong coach Boris Pilkin, she created new moves to accommodate her height and exploit her strengths. She has an unprecedented 8 moves named after her in the Artistic Gymnastics Code of Points. Her most successful apparatus was the uneven bars, where she won a total of two Olympic and five World Championships titles between 1995 and 2001. She was also the first gymnast to win three all-around titles at the World Championships. Khorkina won at least one gold medal at every World Championships and Olympic Games between 1995 and 2003.

1994-1995


Khorkina won her first senior international medals at the 1994 World Championships in Brisbane: a silver medal on vault introducing a round-off ½-on, piked Cuervo off skill; and another silver on uneven bars (her routine included a Markelov release, to be named the 'Khorkina' for women's event).

She was even more successful at the European Championships later that year. Here, she tied for silver in the all-around with teammate Dina Kochetkova and won bars outright. Khorkina also competed at the Goodwill Games and Team World Championships that year. Her first All-Around win came at the 1995 European Cup, where she also won medals on vault, uneven bars and in the floor exercise. She was expected to be a top contender for All-Around gold at the World Championships later that year. She omitted a triple twist in her floor exercise instead pulling off only a double. This resulted in low scoring for the routine, but solid performances on beam and vault and a stellar showing on the bars helped her to clinch a silver medal behind Ukrainian Lilia Podkopayeva
Lilia Podkopayeva
Lilia Alexandrivna Podkopayeva ; born August 15, 1978 in Donetsk) is a retired Ukrainian gymnast who became the 1996 Olympic all-around champion, the 1995 Artistic Gymnastics World Championships all-around champion and the 1996 European Women's Artistic Gymnastics Championships all-around champion...

. In the uneven bars final, Khorkina won the gold medal with an incredible 9.90, beating Mo Huilan
Mo Huilan
Mo Huilan is a Chinese gymnast who competed at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta. She was one of China's most successful gymnasts in the 1990s. She is known for performing routines of exceptional difficulty and technique, but also for inconsistency....

 of China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

 into second place. This was the first of many world titles to come.

1996


Prior to the Olympics, Svetlana retained both her World and European titles on bars, and also helped the Russians to team silver at the European Championships in Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. It is the most populous British city outside the capital London, with a population of 1,036,900 , and lies at the heart of the West Midlands conurbation, the second most populous urban area in the United Kingdom with a...

, as well as taking bronze on vault. A fall from beam in the all-around, prevented her from medalling finishing 6th overall, not the first time this would happen to Svetlana.

Thanks to her recent successes, Khorkina was considered to be a top contender for the All-Around gold going into the 1996 Olympic Games
Gymnastics at the 1996 Summer Olympics
At the 1996 Summer Olympics, two different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics. The artistic gymnastics events were held at the Georgia Dome from July 20–25 and July 28–29. The rhythmic gymnastics events were held at Stegeman Coliseum in nearby...

 in Atlanta, Georgia
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

, and the Russian team was looking stronger than it had since the break-up of the USSR. However, the competition proved to be a disappointment both for her and for the Russian team. Svetlana and the other more experienced members of the team, Rozalia Galiyeva
Rozalia Galiyeva
Rozaliya Ilfovna Galiyeva or Roza Galieva is a gymnast who competed in the 1992 Summer Olympics and 1996 Summer Olympics....

 and Dina Kotchetkova
Dina Kotchetkova
Dina Anatolyevna Kochetkova is a Russian gymnast who competed at the 1996 Olympics. Stylistically, Dina was considered by many to be the "last of the Soviets," performing difficult skills with elegant, clean technique...

, performed strongly, but the younger athletes made several mistakes, seemingly overwhelmed by both the intense noise from the crowd and the strong performances from the US team. There was to be no consolation in the All-Around. Khorkina performed solidly on floor, beam and vault, but dropped out of contention for a medal when she fell from the uneven bars on a clear underswing half-turn transition from the low bar to high bar, a skill named after her; she finished in 15th place. However, she saved her Olympics by winning the gold on bars, much to her delight, and took the only gold for the Russian women's gymnastics team in Atlanta.

1997–2000


Khorkina became the one to watch, with long lean lines and top acrobatic and execution skills. Her physical glamor of blonde hair and grey eyes competed with her emotional ambitions and intensely patriotic but forthright personality.

Like her compatriot Aleksei Nemov, Khorkina's performances over the next four years were uneven. Khorkina might perform solidly or accede to the pressure that felled many other gymnasts. Scoring was a hot topic. In the 1997 World Championships in Lausanne
Lausanne
Lausanne is a city in Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and is the capital of the canton of Vaud. The seat of the district of Lausanne, the city is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva . It faces the French town of Évian-les-Bains, with the Jura mountains to its north-west...

, changes in the Code of Points were expected to negatively affect Khorkina, but she clinched her first world all-around title after a stellar finish on the bars, earning her the highest score of the championship. She beat Olympic vault champion Simona Amânar
Simona Amânar
Simona Amânar is a Romanian gymnast. She is a seven-time Olympic medalist and a ten-time world medalist. Amânar helped Romania to win four consecutive world team titles as well as the 2000 Olympic team title. She has a vault named after her, the Amanar...

 into second place, a scenario that was also repeated in the 1998 European Championships.

In the two years after winning the world title, Khorkina tempered excellence with occasional inconsistency. Yet her skills were difficult and innovative in all events, especially on the uneven bars and balance beam. On the bars, she continued to dominate; she was soon nicknamed the "Queen of the Bars".

Khorkina won the European All-Around title in 1998, but faltered during the All-Around in the Goodwill Games. She entered the 1999 World Championships as a favorite, but finished well out of the medals after a disaster on beam. The Russian team as a whole could not stick a gold medal performance and to make things worse, the Russian team lost the gold medal when Khorkina stepped off the beam in the final performance of the last rotation. She continued her winning streak on bars, however, winning her fourth consecutive world title.

2000 Olympic Games


Khorkina entered the 2000 Sydney Olympics
Gymnastics at the 2000 Summer Olympics
At the 2000 Summer Olympics, three different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, and trampoline. The artistic gymnastics and trampoline events were held at the Sydney SuperDome on September 16–25 and September 22–23, respectively...

 in Sydney, Australia as the favorite for the All-Around title. Despite her disappointment in Tianjin, she had retained her European all-around title and had beaten most of the gymnasts who could rival her for the all-around title. After preliminaries in the Olympics, she held a large lead on the pack. She unveiled a very difficult vault that had never been seen before — not even in practice. She stuck the vault — a Khorkina II — in the team competition. She also performed well in the floor exercise and uneven bars, qualifying to both event finals. Her score did allow her to qualify for the Balance Beam final, but was unable to compete in the final as she was the third highest Russian in qualifications behind Lobaznyuk and Produnova — only two gymnasts per country may compete in the event finals. The rest of her team were also successful in preliminaries, beating world champions Romania comfortably, and the stage seemed set for Russian glory.

However, they had a nightmare in the team finals. Khorkina fell from bars, Elena Produnova sat down her vault, and disastrously both Elena Zamolodchikova
Elena Zamolodchikova
Elena Mikhailovna Zamolodchikova , nicknamed "Zamo", was a two-time Olympic gymnast. She began gymnastics at the age of six. In 1999 she participated in her first major senior competition, the World Gymnastics Championships, where she won the gold in vault, the bronze in the all-around...

 and Yekaterina Lobaznyuk
Yekaterina Lobaznyuk
Yekaterina Ludmilovna Lobaznyuk is a former Olympic gymnast who competed for Russia in the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia, winning three medals...

 fell from the beam. The first three errors were not entirely disastrous, as at that time the lowest score on every apparatus was dropped, so one fall alone did not ruin a team's chances. Still, while the less renowned gymnasts on the team managed solid scores, it was not enough. Despite a near perfect floor rotation to wind up the competition, the Russians finished 0.2 behind Romania. Without the errors, they would have been comfortably ahead, which would have given Russia their first ever team title in women's gymnastics. Though it was the beam that really took Russia out of the running, had Khorkina hit bars and received the same score as she did in event finals, the Russians would have taken the title by a mere five thousands of a point. The initial errors hurt the Russian squad's chemistry and caused finger pointing on who was to blame for losing the team title. This set Khorkina against the rest of her teammates, who spoke to and consoled each other but ignored Khorkina. Khorkina removed her silver medal as soon as she stepped down from the podium. For the second Olympics running, her team were bitterly disappointed with their silver.

Before the All-Around competition began, the vault was accidentally set 5 cm (2 inches) too low—highly significant in a sport where the success of an element rests on spatial awareness and very small margins. A number of gymnasts made uncharacteristic errors, including Elise Ray
Elise Ray
Mary Elise Ray is an American gymnast who represented the United States at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney and the 1999 World Championships.-Biography and early career:...

 and Annika Reeder
Annika Reeder
Annika Louise Reeder is a British artistic gymnast. She was the first gymnast from Great Britain to compete in two Olympic Games, in 1996 and 2000....

, the latter being too injured even to continue. Khorkina complained about the vault to an Australian official after the warm-up but was ignored. It was not until Australian Allana Slater
Allana Slater
Allana Amy Slater is a retired Australian artistic gymnast. The Australian senior all-around National Champion in 2000, 2003 and 2004 and a multiple medalist at the Commonwealth Games, Slater is considered to be one of Australia's most internationally successful gymnasts.-Early life and...

 echoed Khorkina's sentiments in the next rotation that the error was corrected. Khorkina had been in the lead after the first rotation, but came to the mis-measured vault in the second and crashed on her first attempt. Psychologically devastated by this, she then fell in her signature apparatus, the uneven bars. Shortly afterward, she was formally informed that the height of the vault had been corrected, and these who were affected were allowed to perform their vaults again, but their scores on the other apparatus would stand. As that would still leave her out of the running for a medal, let alone the All-Around title, Khorkina declined the opportunity and finished 10th, storming out of the area in tears. Her scores on bars and vault from the preliminaries, plus what she received on beam and floor in the all-around, would easily have won her the Olympic all-around title. In several interviews following the Olympics, Khorkina referred to the incident as a "black spot in my soul".

That competition saw another great upset; Viktoria Karpenko
Viktoria Karpenko
Viktoria Karpenko , is a World Championships silver medalist and 2000 Olympian in artistic gymnastics...

 entered the final rotation in the lead but a fall during the floor exercise dropped her to 12th. The Romanians initially swept the All-around podium, with Andreea Răducan
Andreea Raducan
Andreea Mădălina Răducan is a retired gymnast from Bârlad, Romania.Răducan began competing in gymnastics at a young age and was training at the Romanian junior national facility by the age of 12½. As one of the standout gymnasts of the Romanian team in the late 1990s, Răducan was known for both...

, Simona Amânar
Simona Amânar
Simona Amânar is a Romanian gymnast. She is a seven-time Olympic medalist and a ten-time world medalist. Amânar helped Romania to win four consecutive world team titles as well as the 2000 Olympic team title. She has a vault named after her, the Amanar...

, and Maria Olaru
Maria Olaru
Maria Ludovica Olaru is a retired Olympic artistic gymnast from Romania. She is an Olympic, world, and European gold medalist with the team. Individually, she is the 1999 all around world champion and the 2000 Olympic all around silver medalist. Her best event was the vault on which she medaled at...

 finishing in the top three. Răducan was stripped of her gold after a positive drug test, due to being administered a banned cold medicine, and Amânar was officially named the 2000 Olympic All-Around champion, though she herself has never accepted this and gave her gold medal to Raducan. The cold medication was quietly removed from the list of banned substances a few years later. As of 2010 it is back on the list.

After these crushing disappointments, both Khorkina and her Russian teammates bounced back in event finals. In a tense and emotionally charged competition, Svetlana narrowly retained her bars title. Once again she beat a Chinese athlete into second place, this time edging Ling Jie
Ling Jie
Ling Jie is a retired Chinese artistic gymnast. She was the 1999 World Champion on the balance beam, the 2000 Chinese all-around national champion, and the silver medalist on the uneven bars at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney....

 by a narrow margin. She also won a silver on floor behind teammate Elena Zamolodchikova
Elena Zamolodchikova
Elena Mikhailovna Zamolodchikova , nicknamed "Zamo", was a two-time Olympic gymnast. She began gymnastics at the age of six. In 1999 she participated in her first major senior competition, the World Gymnastics Championships, where she won the gold in vault, the bronze in the all-around...

.

2001-2004


Khorkina stayed competitive as she aimed for a spot in a third Olympic Games. She appeared at the 2001 World Championships and won the All-Around title as well as the vault, and continued her winning streak on the uneven bars. With 5 consecutive World titles and 2 Olympic titles, Khorkina was now the most accomplished gymnast ever, male or female, on a single apparatus. From 1995 to 2001, she had won every World and Olympic title on the bars.

Khorkina won the European All-Around title in 2002. She beat Verona van de Leur
Verona van de Leur
Verona van de Leur is one of the most decorated Dutch gymnasts in modern times. She was the Dutch all-around women's champion in 2001, 2002 and 2007. She won a silver medal on the floor exercise in the 2002 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, held in Debrecen, Hungary...

 of the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

 despite crashing her vault. Many including commentator and former USA Olympic gymnast Bart Conner
Bart Conner
Bart Wayne Conner is a former American gymnast who, as a member of the gold medal-winning men's gymnastics team at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games won an individual gold on the parallel bars...

 felt that Van De Leur should have won, and that Khorkina only won due to favouritism from judges.

In 2003, Khorkina admitted that gymnastics took its toll on her body, that she had begun to "feel her age", but vowed to return to the Olympics for a third time. At the 2003 World Championships in Anaheim, California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

 she became World All-Around champion for a third time, a feat that had never been accomplished by any woman.

2004 Olympic Games


Khorkina went into the 2004 Athens Olympics
Gymnastics at the 2004 Summer Olympics
At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, three disciplines of gymnastics were contested: artistic gymnastics , rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline...

 as one of the favorites and her last Olympic games. Somewhat underpar in prelims, nonetheless she qualified to the all-around and bars finals. In the team competition, her solid performances helped Russia to a surprise bronze, and their delight at this result was in stark contrast to the reaction to the silver at the two previous Games (the 1996 and 2000 Russian teams were considered contenders for the gold, while the 2004 squad was not as strong).

In the all-around competition, she won silver behind the American Carly Patterson
Carly Patterson
Carly Rae Patterson is an American singer and former gymnast. She is the 2004 Olympic All-Around Champion and a member of the USA Gymnastics Hall of Fame...

. She had been leading after two events, but wobbled on beam and an incomplete triple spin on floor, in addition to the fact that Patterson's floor exercise and beam routines had higher difficulty, allowed Patterson to move ahead and take the title. In a press conference after the medal ceremony Khorkina claimed that Patterson only won because she was American before stating that this was only a joke and that she, Khorkina, was still Olympic champion. It is unclear whether Khorkina meant that she was the rightful champion of the 2004 all-around, or was referring to the fact that she was the reigning bars champion after her victory in Sydney. However, in a later interview with a Russian newspaper, Izvestia, Khorkina claimed that Patterson's win was 'fixed' and that it had been decided in advance, citing the lengthy delay in posting her vault score whilst judges conferred.

Life outside gymnastics


Khorkina has enjoyed almost as much attention for her activities outside the gym. She posed nude/topless for the Russian version of Playboy
Playboy
Playboy is an American men's magazine that features photographs of nude women as well as journalism and fiction. It was founded in Chicago in 1953 by Hugh Hefner and his associates, and funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. The magazine has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc., with...

in November 1997 and posed for the Russian version of Maxim
Maxim (magazine)
Maxim is an international men's magazine based in the United Kingdom and known for its pictorials featuring popular actresses, singers, and female models, sometimes pictured dressed, often pictured scantily dressed but not fully nude....

right before the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. She has aspirations to become an actress, and has taken to the stage as Brenda Venus, Henry Miller's last love, in a Sergei Vinogradov
Sergei Vinogradov
Sergei Leonidovich Vinogradov is a Russian professional football player. Currently, he plays for FC Sakhalin Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. He made his debut in the Russian Premier League in 2001 for FC Krylia Sovetov Samara. He played for FC Krylia Sovetov Samara in the UEFA Cup.-Honours:* Russian Premier...

 production. She claimed that she did not have the patience to coach. She turned to motherhood: she gave birth to her first child, a son named Svyatoslav, on July 21, 2005 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Originally established as Kaspare Cohn Hospital in 1902, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a non-profit, tertiary 958-bed hospital and multi-specialty academic health science centre located in Los Angeles, California, US. Part of the Cedars-Sinai Health System, the hospital employs a staff of over...

 in Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

, thus giving her child American citizenship. The father of the child is still unknown, and because of that it is still create speculationts in the Russian tabloids. Khorkina gave her own surname
Surname
A surname is a name added to a given name and is part of a personal name. In many cases, a surname is a family name. Many dictionaries define "surname" as a synonym of "family name"...

 Khorkin (Хоркин) to her son. Although she likes to be in the spotlight, she keeps her private life out of public view.

On May 2, 2011 Russian tabloid newspaper Express Gazeta reported, that Khorkina has been married to a 55 year old former FSB
FSB
FSB may refer to:in business and economics:* Financial Stability Board, an international group of financial authorities* Swedbank, a retail banking group* Fuqua School of Business, a business school...

 general
General
A general officer is an officer of high military rank, usually in the army, and in some nations, the air force. The term is widely used by many nations of the world, and when a country uses a different term, there is an equivalent title given....

, Oleg Konchev. http://www.eg.ru/daily/cadr/25367/ According to Svetlana's father, Vasiliy the couple married between April 15 to 17. "The traditional tournament "Cup Khorkina" took place in Belgorod from 15 to 17 April. At some point, they escaped to the capital and there they're married." According to Khorkina' father, he refused to give Konchev parental blessing to marry his daughter. And he claimed in the interview that the father of Svetlana's son, Svyatoslav is Kirill Shubskij, a Russian businessman and the husband of the well known Russian actress Vera Glagoleva. http://www.kp.ru/daily/25679/838814/ Back in 2005 Express Gazeta reported that Shubskij and Khorkina had a long affair while the businessman was already married to Glagoleva, and Khorkina's son is the result of this relationship.http://eg.ru/daily/cadr/7267/

Since December 2004 Khorkina has been vice-president of the Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n artistic gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics where gymnasts perform short routines on different apparatus, with less time for vaulting . The sport is governed by the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique , which designs the Code of Points and regulates all aspects of international elite...

 federation.

On March 12, 2007 in her native city of Belgorod, the sport complex of the Belgorod State University is opened. The complex was named after Svetlana. At the front of the complex there is a statue
Statue
A statue is a sculpture in the round representing a person or persons, an animal, an idea or an event, normally full-length, as opposed to a bust, and at least close to life-size, or larger...

 of her as well.

On the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games she was a commentator
Sportscaster
In sports broadcasting, a commentator gives a running commentary of a game or event in real time, usually during a live broadcast. The comments are normally a voiceover, with the sounds of the action and spectators also heard in the background. In the case of television commentary, the commentator...

 for the Artistic gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics where gymnasts perform short routines on different apparatus, with less time for vaulting . The sport is governed by the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique , which designs the Code of Points and regulates all aspects of international elite...

 competitions for the Russian TV station NTV+.

Her autobiography
Autobiography
An autobiography is a book about the life of a person, written by that person.-Origin of the term:...

 was published on April 22, 2008. The title of the book is "Somersaults on High Heels".http://www.kp.ru/daily/24067/307087/ The book is published by Olma-Press. Her second book, which focuses on fitness
Physical fitness
Physical fitness comprises two related concepts: general fitness , and specific fitness...

 and avoiding sport injuries released in May 2009 (Title: Fitness as a hobby and bodies), by the same publisher. In August 2009, she announced, that she working on a 3rd book, in which she plan to share beauty secrets. The working title
Working title
A working title, sometimes called a production title, is the temporary name of a product or project used during its development, usually used in filmmaking, television production, novel, video game, or music album.-Purpose:...

 of this upcoming book is "Image and beauty of champions".

She is an ambassador
Ambassador
An ambassador is the highest ranking diplomat who represents a nation and is usually accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization....

 of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi
Sochi
Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated just north of Russia's border with the de facto independent republic of Abkhazia, on the Black Sea coast. Greater Sochi sprawls for along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains...

 http://sochi2014.com/en/team/ambassadors/8401/

Political activities


Khorkina has been a member of the political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 of United Russia
United Russia
United Russia is a centrist political party in Russia and the largest party in the country, currently holding 315 of the 450 seats in the State Duma. The party was founded in December 2001, through a merger of the Unity and Fatherland-All Russia parties...

 since 2003. She was elected as a member of the United Russia
United Russia
United Russia is a centrist political party in Russia and the largest party in the country, currently holding 315 of the 450 seats in the State Duma. The party was founded in December 2001, through a merger of the Unity and Fatherland-All Russia parties...

 party
Party
A party is a gathering of people who have been invited by a host for the purposes of socializing, conversation, or recreation. A party will typically feature food and beverages, and often music and dancing as well....

 to the Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n State Duma
State Duma
The State Duma , common abbreviation: Госду́ма ) in the Russian Federation is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia , the upper house being the Federation Council of Russia. The Duma headquarters is located in central Moscow, a few steps from Manege Square. Its members are referred to...

 in 2007 http://www.moscowtimes.ru/stories/2007/12/27/012.html. She is a deputy chairwoman of the Duma’s Youth Affairs Committee.

On July 19, 2009 at the Russian State Council of youth session, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev is the third President of the Russian Federation.Born to a family of academics, Medvedev graduated from the Law Department of Leningrad State University in 1987. He defended his dissertation in 1990 and worked as a docent at his alma mater, now renamed to Saint...

 casually mentioned appointing Khorkina as governor. Khorkina later said of the comment, “Of course it’s a very flattering offer, but I understand that I need to study a lot for this,” she said. “I have just begun this journey and am only beginning my work in politics.”

http://www.cdi.org/russia/johnson/2009-135-8.cfm As of 2009, Khorkina is studying for her second degree, in public service (she has her first degree from the Belgorod State University
Belgorod State University
Belgorod State University is one of the oldest universities in Belgorod, Russia....

).

Floor music


1992 - "Turkish March" by Mozart

1994-1996 - "Entracte III" from the Overture of Carmen

1997 - Poeme

1998 - "Wedding/You Never Can Tell" from Pulp Fiction

1999 - "Kiss Me All Over (Besame Mucho)" by Francis Purcell

2000-2001 - "Pistolero" from "Migration" by Dave Grusin

2002 - "When I Close My Eyes" by Igor Krutoy

2003 - "Le Temps des Cathédrales" and "Belle" from "Notre Dame de Paris" by Richard Cocciante and Luc Plamondon


2004 - "Goodbye My Love" by Demis Roussos

Competitive highlights

Major events
Russian Cup Russian Championships European Championships World Championships Olympic Games
Years AA UB BB VT FX AA UB BB VT FX AA UB BB VT FX Team AA UB BB VT FX Team AA UB BB VT FX Team
1993 - 1 1 1 2 3 - - -
1994 3 1 - 1 1 2 - 2 1 5 5 8 2 9 2 - 2 8 3 -
1995 1 - 1 1 1 2 - - 2 1 - 5 - 4 -
1996 - 2 - 6 1 - 4 - 2 - 1 - - - - 15 1 - - - 2
1997 1 1 - 1 1 - - 1 1 2 8 2 2 -
1998 1 - 1 - 1 1 - - 1 2 - -
1999 2 - 1 1 - - 3 - 12 1 - - 3 2 -
2000 1 1 1 - - - 1 - 1 1 1 - - 1 - 10 1 - - 2 2
2001 3 - - - 1 1 - 1 3 2 -
2002 - 3 - 1 1 2 - 5 1 - 7 4 - - - -
2003 2 1 3 - 2 1 1 1 3 1 - 1 - - - - 6 -
2004 1 - - - 1 - 3 4 1 3 - 7 3 - 2 8 - - - 3

Major achievements

  • Gold medal
    Gold medal
    A gold medal is typically the medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture...

    , uneven bars, 1996 Summer Olympics
    Gymnastics at the 1996 Summer Olympics
    At the 1996 Summer Olympics, two different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics. The artistic gymnastics events were held at the Georgia Dome from July 20–25 and July 28–29. The rhythmic gymnastics events were held at Stegeman Coliseum in nearby...

    , Atlanta
    1996 Summer Olympics
    The 1996 Summer Olympics of Atlanta, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially known as the Centennial Olympics, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States....

  • Gold medal, uneven bars, 2000 Summer Olympics
    Gymnastics at the 2000 Summer Olympics
    At the 2000 Summer Olympics, three different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, and trampoline. The artistic gymnastics and trampoline events were held at the Sydney SuperDome on September 16–25 and September 22–23, respectively...

    , Sydney
    2000 Summer Olympics
    The Sydney 2000 Summer Olympic Games or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia...

  • Silver medal
    Silver medal
    A silver medal is a medal awarded to the second place finisher of contests such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, and contests with similar formats....

    , team competition, 1996 Summer Olympics, Atlanta
  • Silver medal, team competition, 2000 Summer Olympics, Sydney
  • Silver medal, floor, 2000 Summer Olympics, Sydney
  • Silver medal, all-around, 2004 Summer Olympics
    Gymnastics at the 2004 Summer Olympics
    At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, three disciplines of gymnastics were contested: artistic gymnastics , rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline...

    , Athens
    2004 Summer Olympics
    The 2004 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece from August 13 to August 29, 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team...

  • Bronze medal
    Bronze medal
    A bronze medal is a medal awarded to the third place finisher of contests such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. The practice of awarding bronze third place medals began at the 1904 Olympic Games in St...

    , team competition, 2004 Summer Olympics, Athens

  • At the European Championships, she won uneven bars six times (1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004—record) and the all-around three times (1998, 2000, 2002—a record tie with Nadia Comăneci
    Nadia Comaneci
    Nadia Elena Comăneci is a Romanian gymnast, winner of three Olympic gold medals at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and the first female gymnast ever to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event. She is also the winner of two gold medals at the 1980 Summer...

    ). From 1994 to 2004, she collected 20 medals: 13 gold, 5 silver, and 2 bronze. Both wins and medals are all time records.
  • Svetlana is nine time World Champion: five uneven bars (1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2001), three all-around (1997, 2001, 2003—a record for a male or female gymnast), and one vault (2001).

Original skills


Khorkina has an unprecedented 8 skills in the Code of Points
Code of Points (artistic gymnastics)
A Code of Points is a rulebook that defines the scoring system for each level of competition in gymnastics. There is no unified, international code of points; every oversight organization—such as FIG , NCAA Gymnastics, and most national gymnastics federations—designs and employs its own unique Code...

, including at least one on each apparatus, and more than any other gymnast, male or female.

Skills named after Svetlana Khorkina:

Vault:
  • Khorkina I - Round-off ½ on piked Cuervo
  • Khorkina II - Round-off ½ on tucked Rudi (this was a phenomenally difficult skill for her due to her height and as she got older she seldom practiced it because of the wear and tear on her body from falling on that skill. Nevertheless she managed to hit this skill in competition with some success, most notably at the 2003 World Championships
    2003 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
    The 37th World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held in Anaheim, California, United States, in 2003.Tie-breakers were not used at this competition...

     and the 2004 Summer Olympics
    Gymnastics at the 2004 Summer Olympics
    At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, three disciplines of gymnastics were contested: artistic gymnastics , rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline...

    .)


Uneven bars:
  • Khorkina I - Front giant to hop release and regrasp the bars in the hect position. Also known as a Markelov in the men's code of points.
  • Khorkina II - Shaposhnikova with a ½ twist
  • Khorkina/Chow - Stalder-Kim pirouette


Beam
Balance beam (gymnastics)
The balance beam is an artistic gymnastics apparatus, as well as the event performed using the apparatus. Both the apparatus and the event are sometimes referred to as simply "beam". The English abbreviation for the event in gymnastics scoring is BB....

:
  • Khorkina I - Gainer full twisting back handspring
  • Khorkina II - Gainer 2½ twist dismount


Floor exercise:
  • Khorkina- Jump 1½ turn in horizontal plane to land in prone

External links