Counts of Foix

Counts of Foix

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The counts of Foix ruled the independent County of Foix
County of Foix
The County of Foix was an independent medieval fief in southern France, and later a province of France, whose territory corresponded roughly the eastern part of the modern département of Ariège ....

, in what is now southern France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

, during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...

. Later they extended their power to almost the entire Pyrenees
Pyrenees
The Pyrenees is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between France and Spain...

 mountain range, moving their court to Pau, in Béarn
Béarn
Béarn is one of the traditional provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. Along with the three Basque provinces of Soule, Lower Navarre, and Labourd, the principality of Bidache, as well as small parts of Gascony, it forms in the...

, until eventually the last count of Foix acceded to the French throne as King Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
Henry IV , Henri-Quatre, was King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France....

.

House of Foix

Main article: House of Foix

  • 1010-1034 : Bernard Roger, count of Couserans, count of Bigorre, lord of Comminges and lord of Foix (second son of Roger I of Carcassonne
    Roger I of Carcassonne
    Roger I of Carcassonne , also known as Roger II of Cominges the Elder, was the count of Carcassonne, Couserans and Comminges.Associated to the government of Comminges in 957, he inherited the county of Couserans in 983 at the death of his father Aznar II. At around 1000 he inherited the county of...

    )

|width=auto| Roger I
1034–1064
|
| ?
second son of Bernard-Roger and Garsenda, Countess of Bigorre
| never married
| c. 1064

|-
|width=auto| Pierre-Bernard
1064–1071
|
| ?
third son of Bernard-Roger and Garsenda, Countess of Bigorre
| Ledgarde
two son
| c. 1071

|-
|width=auto| Roger II
1071–1124
|
| ?
eldest son of Pierre-Bernard and Ledgarde
| (1) Sicarda
1073
no issues
(2) Stephanie of Besalú
four children
| c. 1124

|-
|width=auto| Roger III
1124–1148
|
| ?
eldest son of Roger II and Stephanie of Besalú
| (1) ?
one daughter
(2) Jimena of Barcelona
bef. 8 July 1130
two children
| c. 1148

|-
|width=auto| Roger-Bernard I
1148–1188
|
| c. 1130
only son of Roger III and Jimena of Barcelona
| Cecilia of Béziers
11 July 1151
five children
| November 1188
aged 57-58
|-
|width=auto| Raymond-Roger
1188–1223
|
| c. 1152
second son of Roger-Bernard I and Cecilia of Béziers
| Philippa of Montcada
1189
two children
| 27 March 1223
Château de Mirepoix
aged 70–71
|-
|width=auto| Roger-Bernard II
1223–1241
|
| c. 1195
only son of Raymond-Roger and Philippa of Montcada
| (1) Ermesinda, Viscountess of Castelbón
10 January 1203
two children
(2) Ermengarde of Narbonne
23 January 1232
one daughter
| 26 May 1241
aged 45–46
|-
|width=auto| Roger IV
1241–1265
|
| ?
only son of Roger-Bernard II and Ermesinda, Viscountess of Castelbón
| Brunissenda of Cardona
17 February 1231
five children
| 24 February 1265

|-
|width=auto| Roger-Bernard III
1265–1302
|
| c. 1243
eldest son of Roger IV and Brunissenda of Cardona
| Margaret, Viscountess of Béarn
14 October 1252
Tarn-et-Garonne
Tarn-et-Garonne
Tarn-et-Garonne is a French department in the southwest of France. It is traversed by the Rivers Tarn and Garonne, from which it takes its name.-History:...


five children
| 3 March 1302
aged 59
|-
|}

House of Foix-Béarn

Main article: House of Foix-Béarn


|width=auto| Gaston I
1302–1315
|
| c. 1287
only son of Roger-Bernard III and Margaret, Viscountess of Béarn
| Joan of Artois
October 1301
Senlis
Senlis, Oise
Senlis is a French commune located in the Oise department near Paris. It has a long and rich heritage, having traversed centuries of history. This medieval town has welcomed some of the most renowned figures in French history, including Hugh Capet, Louis IX, the Marshall of France, Anne of Kiev and...


six children
| 13 December 1315
Maubuisson Abbey, Pontoise
Pontoise
Pontoise is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the centre of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise.-Administration:...


aged 27-28
|-
|width=auto| Gaston II
1315–1343
|
| c. 1308
eldest son of Gaston I and Joan of Artois
| Eleanor of Comminges
1327
one son
| 26 September 1343
Seville
Seville
Seville is the artistic, historic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain. It is the capital of the autonomous community of Andalusia and of the province of Seville. It is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir, with an average elevation of above sea level...


aged 34–35
|-
|width=auto| Gaston III Phoebus
1343–1391
|
| 30 April 1331
Orthez
Orthez
Orthez is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.It lies 40 km NW of Pau on the Southern railway to Bayonne. The town also encompasses the small village of Sainte-Suzanne thus residents of the town are called either Orthéziens or Sainte-Suzannais...


only son of Gaston II and Eleanor of Comminges
| Agnes of Navarre
Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...


4 August 1349
one son
| 1 August 1391
L'Hôpital-d'Orion
L'Hôpital-d'Orion
L'Hôpital-d'Orion is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.-References:*...


aged 60
|-
|width=auto| Matthew
1391–1398
|
| c. 1363
second son of Roger Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon and Gerauda of Navailles
| Joanna of Aragon
Joanna of Aragon, Countess of Foix
Infanta Joanna of Aragon was the only surviving child of John I of Aragon and his first wife Martha of Armagnac. She was a member of the House of Aragon and was Countess consort of Foix by her marriage to Matthew of Foix....


4 June 1392
Barcelona
Barcelona
Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the capital of Catalonia, with a population of 1,621,537 within its administrative limits on a land area of...


no issues
| August 1398
aged 34–35
|-
|width=auto| Isabella
Isabella, Countess of Foix
Isabella of Foix also known as Isabella of Foix-Castelbon was the daughter of Roger Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon and his wife Gerauda of Navailles. She was Countess of Foix in her own right, but shared power with her husband...


1398–1428
with Archambaud (1398–1412)
with John I
John I, Count of Foix
John I, Count of Foix also known as Jean de Foix-Grailly was Count of Foix from 1428 until his death in 1436. He succeeded his mother Isabella, Countess of Foix...

 (1412–1428)

|
| bef. 2 November 1361
only daughter of Roger Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon and Gerauda of Navailles
| rowspan="2"| 1381
five children
| c. 1428
aged 46+
|-
|width=auto| Archambaud de Grailly
1398–1412
with Isabella
Isabella, Countess of Foix
Isabella of Foix also known as Isabella of Foix-Castelbon was the daughter of Roger Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon and his wife Gerauda of Navailles. She was Countess of Foix in her own right, but shared power with her husband...


|
| c. 1329-1330
second son of Pierre II de Grailly and Erembourga de Périgord
| c. 1412
aged 81-83
|-
|}

House of Foix-Grailly

Main article: House of Foix-Grailly


|width=auto| John I
John I, Count of Foix
John I, Count of Foix also known as Jean de Foix-Grailly was Count of Foix from 1428 until his death in 1436. He succeeded his mother Isabella, Countess of Foix...


1412–1436
with Isabella
Isabella, Countess of Foix
Isabella of Foix also known as Isabella of Foix-Castelbon was the daughter of Roger Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon and his wife Gerauda of Navailles. She was Countess of Foix in her own right, but shared power with her husband...

 (1412–1428)

|
| c. 1382
eldest son of Archambaud and Isabella
Isabella, Countess of Foix
Isabella of Foix also known as Isabella of Foix-Castelbon was the daughter of Roger Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon and his wife Gerauda of Navailles. She was Countess of Foix in her own right, but shared power with her husband...


| (1) Joan of Navarre
Joan, Heiress of Navarre
Joan of Navarre also known as Jeanne d'Évreux or Joanna was the eldest child of Charles III of Navarre by his wife Eleanor, daughter of Henry II of Castile....


12 November 1402
Palacio Real de Olite
Palacio Real de Olite
The Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra de Olite or Castillo de Olite was built during the 13th and 14th centuries in the town of Olite...


no issues
(2) Jeanne d'Albret
23 May 1422
two sons
(3) Joanna of Urgell
May 1436
no issues
| 4 May 1436
Mazères, Ariège
Mazères, Ariège
Mazères is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France.-Population:-References:*...


aged 53-54
|-
|width=auto| Gaston IV
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
Gaston IV, Count of Foix, Viscount of Béarn was a French nobleman from Bearn, who founded a brief-ruling dynastic house of the Kingdom of Navarre.He was a son of John I, Count of Foix and Jeanne d'Albret...


1436–1472
|
| 27 November 1422
eldest son of John I
John I, Count of Foix
John I, Count of Foix also known as Jean de Foix-Grailly was Count of Foix from 1428 until his death in 1436. He succeeded his mother Isabella, Countess of Foix...

 and Jeanne d'Albret
| Eleanor of Navarre
Eleanor of Navarre
Eleanor of Aragon , Regent and the queen regnant of Navarre in 1479...


30 July 1436
ten children
| 25/28 July 1472
Roncevalles
aged 49
|-
|width=auto| Francis Phoebus
1472–1483
|
| November/December 1466
only son of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
Gaston, Prince of Viana, also called Gaston de Foix , was the son of Gaston IV of Foix and Eleanor of Navarre, and was the heir of both. As a Prince of Navarre, he was called Prince of Viana....

 and Magdalena of Valois
Magdalena of Valois
Magdalena of Valois, also called Madeleine de France , was a daughter of Charles VII of France and Marie of Anjou, and acted as regent for her children, Francis I and Catherine I, who were successively monarchs of Navarre.Magdalena was betrothed to Ladislaus the Posthumous however he died suddenly...


| never married
| 30 January 1483
Pamplona
Pamplona
Pamplona is the historial capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former kingdom of Navarre.The city is famous worldwide for the San Fermín festival, from July 6 to 14, in which the running of the bulls is one of the main attractions...


aged 16
|-
|width=auto| Catherine
Catherine of Navarre
Catherine was Queen of Navarre , duchess of Gandia, Montblanc, and Peñafiel, countess of Foix, Bigorre, and Ribagorza, and viscountess of Béarn.- Biography :...


1483–1517
with John II
John III of Navarre
John III , also known as Jean d'Albret, was jure uxoris, King consort of the Queen regnant Catherine of Navarre.He was a son of Alain I of Albret, Lord of Albret, and his wife, Frances of Châtillon-Limoges.-King of Navarre:...


|
| 1468
only daughter of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
Gaston, Prince of Viana, also called Gaston de Foix , was the son of Gaston IV of Foix and Eleanor of Navarre, and was the heir of both. As a Prince of Navarre, he was called Prince of Viana....

 and Magdalena of Valois
Magdalena of Valois
Magdalena of Valois, also called Madeleine de France , was a daughter of Charles VII of France and Marie of Anjou, and acted as regent for her children, Francis I and Catherine I, who were successively monarchs of Navarre.Magdalena was betrothed to Ladislaus the Posthumous however he died suddenly...


| rowspan="2"| 14 July 1484
Palacio Real de Olite
Palacio Real de Olite
The Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra de Olite or Castillo de Olite was built during the 13th and 14th centuries in the town of Olite...


thirteen children
| 12 February 1517
Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan is a commune and capital of the Landes department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.Mont-de-Marsan airbase « Constantin Rozanoff » is a major installation of the French Air Force. The base includes CEAM , an air defense radar command reporting centre, and an air defence control...


aged 48-49
|-
|width=auto| John II
John III of Navarre
John III , also known as Jean d'Albret, was jure uxoris, King consort of the Queen regnant Catherine of Navarre.He was a son of Alain I of Albret, Lord of Albret, and his wife, Frances of Châtillon-Limoges.-King of Navarre:...


1483–1516
with Catherine
Catherine of Navarre
Catherine was Queen of Navarre , duchess of Gandia, Montblanc, and Peñafiel, countess of Foix, Bigorre, and Ribagorza, and viscountess of Béarn.- Biography :...


|
| 1469
second son of Alain I of Albret
Alain I of Albret
Alain I of Albret , called "The Great", was a powerful French aristocrat. He was 16th Lord of Albret, Viscount of Tartas, the 2nd Count of Graves, and the Count of Castres. He was the son of Catherine de Rohan and Jean I of Albret...

 and Françoise, Countess of Périgord
| 14 June 1516
Château de Pau
Château de Pau
The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. King Henry IV of France and Navarre was born here on December 13, 1553....


aged 46-47
|-
|}

House of Albret

Main article: House of Albret and Albret
Albret
The lordship of Albret , situated in the Landes, gave its name to one of the most powerful feudal families of France in the Middle Ages...



|width=auto| Henry II
Henry II of Navarre
Henry II was the eldest son of John III of Navarre and Catherine I of Navarre, sister and heiress of Francis Phoebus, King of Navarre; he was born at Sangüesa.-King of Navarre:...


1517–1555
|
| 18 April 1503
Sangüesa
third son of John II
John III of Navarre
John III , also known as Jean d'Albret, was jure uxoris, King consort of the Queen regnant Catherine of Navarre.He was a son of Alain I of Albret, Lord of Albret, and his wife, Frances of Châtillon-Limoges.-King of Navarre:...

 and Catherine
Catherine of Navarre
Catherine was Queen of Navarre , duchess of Gandia, Montblanc, and Peñafiel, countess of Foix, Bigorre, and Ribagorza, and viscountess of Béarn.- Biography :...


| Margaret of Angoulême
Marguerite de Navarre
Marguerite de Navarre , also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the queen consort of Henry II of Navarre...


24 January 1527
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris from the centre.Inhabitants are called Saint-Germanois...


two children
| 25 May 1555
Hagetmau
Hagetmau
Hagetmau is a commune in the Landes department in Aquitaine in south-western France.-See also:*Communes of the Landes department...


aged 52
|-
|width=auto| Joan
Jeanne III of Navarre
Jeanne d'Albret , also known as Jeanne III or Joan III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King of Navarre and of France as Henry IV, the first Bourbon king...


1555–1572
with Anthony
Antoine of Navarre
Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme was head of the House of Bourbon from 1537 to 1562, and jure uxoris King of Navarre from 1555 to 1562.-Family:...


|
| 7 January 1528
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris from the centre.Inhabitants are called Saint-Germanois...


only daughter of Henry I
Henry II of Navarre
Henry II was the eldest son of John III of Navarre and Catherine I of Navarre, sister and heiress of Francis Phoebus, King of Navarre; he was born at Sangüesa.-King of Navarre:...

 and Margaret of Angoulême
Marguerite de Navarre
Marguerite de Navarre , also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the queen consort of Henry II of Navarre...


| (1) William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
14 June 1541
Château de Châtellerault
no issues
(2) Anthony of Navarre
Antoine of Navarre
Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme was head of the House of Bourbon from 1537 to 1562, and jure uxoris King of Navarre from 1555 to 1562.-Family:...


20 October 1548
Moulins en Bourbonnais, Allier
Allier
Allier is a department in central France named after the river Allier.- History :Allier is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Auvergne and Bourbonnais.In 1940, the government of Marshal...


five children
| 9 June 1572
Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...


aged 44
|-
|width=auto| Anthony
Antoine of Navarre
Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme was head of the House of Bourbon from 1537 to 1562, and jure uxoris King of Navarre from 1555 to 1562.-Family:...


1555-1562
with Joan
Jeanne III of Navarre
Jeanne d'Albret , also known as Jeanne III or Joan III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King of Navarre and of France as Henry IV, the first Bourbon king...


|
| 22 April 1518
La Fère
La Fère
La Fère is a commune in the Aisne department in Picardy in France.-Population:-References:*...

, Picardie
Picardie
Picardy is one of the 27 regions of France. It is located in the northern part of France.-History:The historical province of Picardy stretched from north of Noyon to Calais, via the whole of the Somme department and the north of the Aisne department...


second son of Charles, Duke of Vendôme and Françoise of Alençon
| Joan
Jeanne III of Navarre
Jeanne d'Albret , also known as Jeanne III or Joan III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King of Navarre and of France as Henry IV, the first Bourbon king...


20 October 1548
Moulins en Bourbonnais, Allier
Allier
Allier is a department in central France named after the river Allier.- History :Allier is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Auvergne and Bourbonnais.In 1940, the government of Marshal...


five children
| 17 November 1562
Les Andelys
Les Andelys
Les Andelys is a commune in the Eure department in Haute-Normandie in northern France.-Geography:It lies on the Seine, about 35 km northeast of Évreux.The commune is divided into two parts, Grand-Andely and Petit-Andely.-Population:-Sights:...

, Eure
Eure
Eure is a department in the north of France named after the river Eure.- History :Eure is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790...


aged 44
|-
|}

House of Bourbon

Main article: House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
The House of Bourbon is a European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty . Bourbon kings first ruled Navarre and France in the 16th century. By the 18th century, members of the Bourbon dynasty also held thrones in Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Parma...


|width=auto| Henry II
Henry IV of France
Henry IV , Henri-Quatre, was King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France....


1572–1607
|
| 13 December 1553
Château de Pau
Château de Pau
The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. King Henry IV of France and Navarre was born here on December 13, 1553....


second son of Anthony
Antoine of Navarre
Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme was head of the House of Bourbon from 1537 to 1562, and jure uxoris King of Navarre from 1555 to 1562.-Family:...

 and Joan
Jeanne III of Navarre
Jeanne d'Albret , also known as Jeanne III or Joan III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King of Navarre and of France as Henry IV, the first Bourbon king...


|(1) Margaret of Valois
18 August 1572
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...


no issues
(2) Marie de' Medici
Marie de' Medici
Marie de Médicis , Italian Maria de' Medici, was queen consort of France, as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She herself was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici...


17 December 1600
Lyon
Lyon
Lyon , is a city in east-central France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. Lyon is located at from Paris, from Marseille, from Geneva, from Turin, and from Barcelona. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais....


six children
| 14 May 1610
Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...


aged 57
|-
|}
In 1607 the county of Foix
County of Foix
The County of Foix was an independent medieval fief in southern France, and later a province of France, whose territory corresponded roughly the eastern part of the modern département of Ariège ....

 was reunited to the French crown.

See also


  • Foix
    Foix
    Foix is a commune, the capital of the Ariège department in southwestern France. It is the least populous administrative centre of a department in all of France, although it is only very slightly smaller than Privas...

  • Castle of Foix
    Château de Foix
    The Château de Foix is a castle which dominates the town of Foix in the French département of Ariège. An important tourist site, it is known as a centre of the Cathars. It has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture....

  • County of Foix
    County of Foix
    The County of Foix was an independent medieval fief in southern France, and later a province of France, whose territory corresponded roughly the eastern part of the modern département of Ariège ....

  • List of Co-Princes of Andorra
  • Diana of Foix

External links