Tuas

Tuas

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Tuas'
Start a new discussion about 'Tuas'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
Tuas is largely an industrial
Industry
Industry refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy.-Industrial sectors:There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction,...

 zone located in the western part of Singapore
Singapore
Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

. The Tuas Planning Area is located within the West Region
West Region, Singapore
The West Region of Singapore is one of the five regions in the city-state. Comprising 25,500 hectares of land area, it is the largest of all regions, it includes twelve urban planning areas and has at least a population of over 1 million. As its name implies, it is the westernmost region of Singapore...

, and is bounded by Tengeh Reservoir
Tengeh Reservoir
Tengeh Reservoir is one of the four reservoirs in the Western Water Catchment of Singapore.This reservoir was formerly a river, Sungei Tengeh, which emptied into the Straits of Johor and was dammed to become a reservoir....

 to the north, Strait of Johor to the west, Straits of Singapore to the south, and the Pan Island Expressway
Pan Island Expressway
The Pan Island Expressway is the oldest and longest of Singapore's expressways. Currently, it is also Singapore's longest road. It extends along the length of the island, connecting Tuas in the west to Singapore Changi Airport in the east. Its length is .-Construction:Construction of the PIE...

 to the east.

It is bounded by Tuas Road, Pioneer Road, Tuas Cresent, Tuas West Drive and Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim.

The Malaysia-Singapore Second Link
Malaysia-Singapore Second Link
Malaysia–Singapore Second Link is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia. In Singapore, it is officially known as the Tuas Second Link. The bridge was built to reduce the traffic congestion at the Johor–Singapore Causeway, and was opened to traffic on 2 January 1998...

 that links Singapore and Malaysia is located at Tuas.

Etymology


Tuas is derived from a daytime fishing
Fishing
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch wild fish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping....

 method uncommon these days. The coastal Malays
Malay people
Malays are an ethnic group of Austronesian people predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula, including the southernmost parts of Thailand, the east coast of Sumatra, the coast of Borneo, and the smaller islands which lie between these locations...

 floated coconut
Coconut
The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is a member of the family Arecaceae . It is the only accepted species in the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which is not a botanical nut. The spelling cocoanut is an old-fashioned form of the word...

 frond
Frond
The term frond refers to a large, divided leaf. In both common usage and botanical nomenclature, the leaves of ferns are referred to as fronds and some botanists restrict the term to this group...

s and leafy branches kept close together by the rising tide
Tide
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the moon and the sun and the rotation of the Earth....

. A large net was then spread and suspended below. The shade provided drew in the fish. More and more were attracted until, at a given signal, the net was hauled up by the Malay fishermen in the boats. Levering or hauling up is menuas, which became tuas. Tuas also means "to chop in two pieces", "to raise by leverage", and "to support".

History


The Tuas area in the early nineteenth century was referred to by three place names: Tg Kampong, Tg Rawa and Tg Gull — references made in Franklin and Jackson
Philip Jackson (surveyor)
Philip Jackson was a British Royal Navy lieutenant, who laid out the city plan for Singapore in 1822. He was a key person in Raffles plans for the settlement. The Elgin Bridge in Singapore was once named in his honour.-References:...

's 1830 map of Singapore.

Tuas used to be swamp
Swamp
A swamp is a wetland with some flooding of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water. A swamp generally has a large number of hammocks, or dry-land protrusions, covered by aquatic vegetation, or vegetation that tolerates periodical inundation. The two main types of swamp are "true" or swamp...

 land which was later cleared for squatter settlement. It became a fishing
Fishing
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch wild fish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping....

 village. In the old days, it was not unusual to see about 200 fishing boats in Tuas every morning.

In the 1970s, the residents in Tuas were resettled in public housing estates
Public housing in Singapore
Public housing in Singapore is currently managed by the Housing and Development Board. The majority of the residential housing developments in Singapore are publicly governed and developed and about 85% of Singaporeans live in such houses...

. Tuas was then developed for industrial use. In the 1980s, land was reclaimed
Land reclamation
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, is the process to create new land from sea or riverbeds. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or landfill.- Habitation :...

 around Tuas for more industrial development. By 1988, about 6.5 km² of land off Tuas were reclaimed. Land reclamation
Land reclamation
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, is the process to create new land from sea or riverbeds. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or landfill.- Habitation :...

 off Tuas is still ongoing; the land area of Tuas will increase from 17.02 km² in 1996 to the projected 20.75 km² by 2010 http://www.ura.gov.sg/pr/text/pr96-09.html.  PentaOcean
PentaOcean
is a major Japanese construction firm. It specializes in marine works and land reclamation. It is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Osaka Stock Exchange, and Nagoya Stock Exchange as ticker 1893.It originated from Mizuno Gumi in 1896 in Hiroshima Prefecture, and later renamed to the current...

 Construction (五洋建設)is most heavily involved in the land reclamation. The peninsular reclaimed in the late 1980s to early 1990s is named Tuas South, while the land currently being reclaimed to the southeast of Tuas Jetty is known as the Tuas South Extension.

Industry


Being far away from the main residential areas and the commercial district of Singapore
Downtown Core
The Downtown Core is a 266-hectare urban planning area in the south of the city-state of Singapore. The Downtown Core surrounds the mouth of the Singapore River and southeastern portion of its watershed, and is part of the Central Area, Singapore's central business district...

, Tuas was chosen as a site for industrial development as the adjacent industrial areas in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 were being built. Heavy industries can be found in Tuas, although not as much as on Jurong Island
Jurong Island
Jurong Island is an artificial island located to the southwest of the main island of Singapore, off Jurong Industrial Estate. It was formed from the amalgamation of seven offshore islands, the islands of Pulau Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau, Pulau Merlimau, Pulau Pesek, Pulau Pesek Kechil , Pulau...

. Two of Singapore's four incinerators are also found in Tuas, namely Tuas Incinerator and Tuas South Incinerator. A world-scale renewable diesel plant, using palm oil as feedstock, is due to be completed in 2010. Its capacity will make it the largest plant of its kind (800,000 tons per annum).

Further reclaimation into the Tuas South
Tuas South
Tuas South is an industrial area in the south-westernmost region of Singapore.It is an entirely reclaimed land south-west off Tuas Cresent and Tuas South Avenue 5....

 extension is done to house the world largest storage of oil.

Residential areas


Tuas has a number of residential buildings provided at low cost for the people who work there. Some are located at Benoi Sector, which also has an eating place, whilst the others are located at Pioneer Road.

The low rise flats are normally named from Blocks A to H, and are usually 9 to 11 stories high. They are not elegant, being built to meet basic residential requirements; they provide shelter with an electricity and water supply.

Extension


In recent years, land reclaimation has taken place in Tuas South
Tuas South
Tuas South is an industrial area in the south-westernmost region of Singapore.It is an entirely reclaimed land south-west off Tuas Cresent and Tuas South Avenue 5....

 to house the oil storage tunnel.

Bus routes


All bus routes that go to Tuas are from Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

 and operated by SBS Transit
SBS Transit
SBS Transit Limited is a public transport operator in Singapore. Its major competitor in Singapore's duopoly transport system is SMRT Corporation, which also operates bus, rail, taxi and other transport services....

. Service 182 will call at Tuas Checkpoint during certain period daily and this service will operate as Service 182M after 2130 daily.
Service Berth Destination Notes
SBS Transit Trunk Services
182 Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

 
Tuas South Avenue 9 (loop) Calls at Tuas Checkpoint
182M Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

 
Tuas South Avenue 9 (loop) Not calling at Tuas Checkpoint
192 Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

 
Tuas Bus Terminal
Tuas Bus Terminal
Tuas Bus Terminal is a bus station located in Tuas at the western part of Singapore. Operated by SBS Transit, this terminal serves industrial workers at Jurong Industrial Estate and Tuas Industrial Estate from Boon Lay Bus Interchange....

193 Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

 
Tuas Bus Terminal
Tuas Bus Terminal
Tuas Bus Terminal is a bus station located in Tuas at the western part of Singapore. Operated by SBS Transit, this terminal serves industrial workers at Jurong Industrial Estate and Tuas Industrial Estate from Boon Lay Bus Interchange....

SBS Transit Industrial Services
254 Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

Tuas Avenue 11 (loop)