Jurong

Jurong

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Jurong'
Start a new discussion about 'Jurong'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
Jurong is the largest town in the western part
West Region, Singapore
The West Region of Singapore is one of the five regions in the city-state. Comprising 25,500 hectares of land area, it is the largest of all regions, it includes twelve urban planning areas and has at least a population of over 1 million. As its name implies, it is the westernmost region of Singapore...

 of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone(Pasir Laba
Pasir Laba
Pasir Laba is an area in Western Water Catchment, Singapore. Pasir Laba is home to the Pasir Laba Camp. It is also the training ground and a live-firing area for Singapore Armed Forces known as SAFTI Live Firing Area which is west of Pasir Laba Camp....

) and 1 Waterfront district(Jurong Lake
Jurong Lake
Jurong Lake is a 70ha freshwater lake and reservoir located in the western region of Singapore formed with the damming of Sungei Jurong further downstream. The lake serves as a reservoir contributing to the water supply of the country. It lies next to the Lakeside MRT Station, which derived its...

). It resembles Woodlands
Woodlands, Singapore
Woodlands, or the Woodlands New Town , is a suburban town in northern Singapore, part of the North West Community Development Council district...

, the largest town in the northern part
North Region, Singapore
The North Region of Singapore is one of the five regions in the city-state. Comprising 13,500 hectares of land area, it includes eight urban planning areas and has a population of at least 400,000...

 of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area and yet more densely populated with residents than Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

. The soil condition in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 is known as the 'Jurong Formation
Jurong Formation
The Jurong formation covers the south, southwest and west of Singapore with a variety of sharply folded sedimentary rocks, including conglomerate, sandstone, shale, mudstone, limestone and dolomite. It was deposited during the late Triassic to early or middle Jurassic. The formation has been...

'.

The extensive public housing has brought an influx of residents, who are well served by shopping centres, sports facilities, school
School
A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools...

s, good road connections and the Mass Rapid Transit system
Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
The Mass Rapid Transit or MRT is a rapid transit system that forms the backbone of the railway system in Singapore, spanning the entire city-state. The initial section of the MRT, between Yio Chu Kang Station and Toa Payoh Station, opened in 1987 establishing itself as the second-oldest metro...



The industrial districts are managed by JTC
JTC Corporation
JTC Corporation , formerly the Jurong Town Corporation, is Singapore's principal developer and manager of industrial estates and their related facilities.-History:JTC was established on 1 June 1968 to develop industrial estates...

 and it is common to find foreign workers hanging out in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

. The influx of foreign workers and foreign expatriates in the region has been a concern among the residents living here.

The 11 residential precincts are:
  • Nanyang
    Nanyang, Singapore
    Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

  • Hong Kah
    Hong Kah
    Hong Kah is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore, bounded by the PIE, Corporation Road, Jurong Canel, Jurong East Avenue 1 and Jurong Town Hall Road...

  • Yuhua
    Yuhua, Singapore
    Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

  • Bukit Batok
  • Teban Gardens
    Teban Gardens
    Teban Gardens is a residential precinct located in Jurong.Immediately north of Pandan Reservoir, it comprises exclusively public housing built by the JTC Corporation and Housing and Development Board.-Neighbouring Areas:...

  • Tengah
    Tengah, Singapore
    Tengah is an area north of Jurong and east of Bukit Batok, slightly bigger than Jurong West and currently reserved for future housing developments....

  • Taman Jurong
    Taman Jurong
    Taman Jurong is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore. It is one of the oldest residential precincts in Singapore and a division of Jurong GRC, with the area's HDB flats under the management of Jurong Town Council and Tharman Shanmugaratnam as the area's MP.-Neighbouring Areas:-Residential...

  • Boon Lay
    Boon Lay
    Boon Lay is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after Mr , a prominent businessman in the late 19th century and early 20th century who owned the land where the precinct stands, when a requisition of 1.012km² of land from his estate was done by the war department of the then colonial government...

  • Gek Poh Ville
    Gek Poh Ville
    Gek Poh Ville is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after 'Gek Poh Road', a street that existed before Pioneer was developed.It is part of Hong Kah North SMC and the area's residential areas are under the management of Chua Chu Kang Town Council, with Amy Khor representing the residents of Gek...

  • Bukit Gombak
    Bukit Gombak
    Bukit Gombak is a neighbourhood in the west-central area of the Southeast Asian city-state of Singapore. In the Malay language, bukit means hill and gombak a bunch or collection of something....

  • Pioneer
    Pioneer, Singapore
    Pioneer is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Pioneer Sector industrial estate located south of the precinct.It is managed by West Coast Town Council and the people are represented in parliament by either Cedric Foo Chee Keng or Lawrence Wong, depending on where they...



The 14 industrial districts are:
  • Jurong Port
    Jurong Port
    ' is a port operator headquartered in Singapore. Jurong Port, which operates the only multi-purpose port in Singapore, handles bulk, breakbulk and containerized cargo...

  • Jurong Pier
    Jurong Pier
    Jurong Pier is an area in Jurong Industrial Estate in Singapore, south of Pioneer Road and Jalan Buroh, between Jurong Pier Road and Tuas Cresent and Tuas South Avenue 5. It also includes Pulau Samulun. On the MRT system map, it is in between Boon Lay and Tuas West Stations.It is accessible through...

  • Jurong Hill
    Jurong Hill
    Jurong Hill is a scenic hill situated in western Singapore off Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim. The hill is also known as Bukit Perepok in Malay. It is enveloped in 15 hectares of lush greenery standing 60 meters tall. Commanding a panoramic view of Jurong Town since 1971, the hill became a well known...

  • Lok Yang
    Lok Yang
    Lok Yang is a small industrial estate in Singapore located within the Jurong Industrial Estate.It is bounded by International Road, Benoi Road, Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim and Pioneer Road North.-Transport:...

  • Joo Koon
    Joo Koon
    Joo Koon is an industrial area in the western region of Singapore. Joo Koon is served by the Joo Koon MRT Station, which is the end point of the East West MRT Line...

  • Gul
    Gul, Singapore
    Gul is an area in Jurong Industrial Estate which is the biggest industrial estate in Singapore. Gul is the home to many heavy industries in Singapore....

  • Benoi
    Benoi
    Benoi is an industrial area in the Western region of Singapore within Jurong Industrial Estate. West of Benoi is Gul. East of Benoi is the Jurong Bird Park...

  • Pioneer Sector
    Pioneer Sector
    Pioneer Sector is part of the Jurong Industrial Estate which is the largest industrial estate in Singapore.It is bounded by Boon Lay Way, Jalan Boon Lay, International Road, Corporation Road, Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim and Pioneer Road North.-Transport:...

  • Toh Tuck
    Toh Tuck
    Toh Tuck is a residential area in the Western region of Singapore. It located east of Bukit Batok and South of Hillview estates. It comprises several private housing estates and some public housing along Jalan Jurong Kechil...

  • International Business Park
    International Business Park
    International Business Park is a high-tech business park managed by JTC Corporation in Jurong East, Singapore. Established in 1992, the International Business Park is Singapore's first business park. It comprises a cluster of modern business buildings catering to knowledge-based activities...

  • Kian Teck
    Kian Teck
    Kian Teck is an area in Jurong Industrial Estate in Singapore. It is in between Joo Koon and Pioneer Stations.-Bus Services:Currently, public buses can only be found at the borders of it, along Pioneer Road North, Upper Jurong Road, Kian Teck Road and International Road.*252 can be found along...

  • Chin Bee
    Chin Bee
    Chin Bee is an area in Jurong Industrial Estate in Singapore, bounded by Boon Lay Way, Jalan Boon Lay, International Road and Corporation Road.This is where DSTA is located.It is in between Boon Lay and Lakeside Stations....

  • Penjuru
    Penjuru
    Penjuru is a place in Singapore, bounded by Sugnei Jurong, Ayer Rajah Expressway,Penjuru Road,Jalan Buroh,Sugnei Pandan,West Coast Highway and West Coast Park.It is accessible through bus service 285,176,78 and 79....

  • Jurong Island
    Jurong Island
    Jurong Island is an artificial island located to the southwest of the main island of Singapore, off Jurong Industrial Estate. It was formed from the amalgamation of seven offshore islands, the islands of Pulau Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau, Pulau Merlimau, Pulau Pesek, Pulau Pesek Kechil , Pulau...


Introduction of Jurong


Jurong is probably derived from the Malay
Malay language
Malay is a major language of the Austronesian family. It is the official language of Malaysia , Indonesia , Brunei and Singapore...

 word jerung, which means a "shark
Shark
Sharks are a type of fish with a full cartilaginous skeleton and a highly streamlined body. The earliest known sharks date from more than 420 million years ago....

". Jurong Road was cut around 1852-1853, during the time of John Thomson's tenure as Chief Surveyor. Many roads within the Jurong Industrial Estate named in the late 1960s and early 1970s drew inspiration from the nature of industrial
Industry
Industry refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy.-Industrial sectors:There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction,...

 activities in the estate and related aspects of industrialisation
Industrialisation
Industrialization is the process of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial one...

.

For the local Chinese
Overseas Chinese
Overseas Chinese are people of Chinese birth or descent who live outside the Greater China Area . People of partial Chinese ancestry living outside the Greater China Area may also consider themselves Overseas Chinese....

 population, Jurong was formerly called peng kang, a reference to a gambier
Gambier
Gambier may refer to:People* James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier , Lord Gambier – British admiralPlaces* Gambier Islands, French Polynesia* Gambier Islands * Gambier Island, British Columbia, Canada* Gambier, Ohio, USA...

 plantation located in the area. After 1906, rubber
Rubber
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, is an elastomer that was originally derived from latex, a milky colloid produced by some plants. The plants would be ‘tapped’, that is, an incision made into the bark of the tree and the sticky, milk colored latex sap collected and refined...

 plantations dominated the area — Bulim Estate, Lokyang Estate, Chong Keng Estate, Seng Toh Estate and Yunnan Estate, giving rise to many of the local names for areas in Jurong. Jurong was also once called "Goh's Folly", as some Singaporeans doubted the success of Dr Goh Keng Swee
Goh Keng Swee
Goh Keng Swee was the second Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore between 1973 and 1984, and a Member of Parliament for the Kreta Ayer constituency for a quarter of a century. Born in Malacca in the Straits Settlements into a Peranakan family, he came to Singapore at the age of two years...

's plan to develop the area.

Private


Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 is well connected to the rest of Singapore by road, with Kranji Expressway
Kranji Expressway
The Kranji Expressway in Singapore connects from the Bukit Timah Expressway in Bukit Panjang and travels south-west to join with the Pan Island Expressway in Jurong West. Construction of the expressway started in 1990 and was completed in 1994...

 linking them to the northern part of Singapore, Pan Island Expressway
Pan Island Expressway
The Pan Island Expressway is the oldest and longest of Singapore's expressways. Currently, it is also Singapore's longest road. It extends along the length of the island, connecting Tuas in the west to Singapore Changi Airport in the east. Its length is .-Construction:Construction of the PIE...

 linking them to the Eastern part of Singapore and the Ayer Rajah Expressway
Ayer Rajah Expressway
The Ayer Rajah Expressway extends from the western end of the East Coast Parkway in the south of Singapore to Tuas in the west near the Tuas Second Link to Malaysia...

 linking them to the south-eastern part of Singapore. Clementi Avenue 6 and Jurong Town Hall Road complement the 3 expressways, topping off the well-built road connection from Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 to all parts of the island.

Mass Rapid Transit


The town is well-connected to the Mass Rapid Transit
Mass Rapid Transit
The term Mass Rapid Transit may refer to Rapid transit.The name Mass Rapid Transit is used by the following specific rapid transit systems, either as an official name or otherwise:* Mass Rapid Transit system in Singapore...

 system with Bukit Batok
Bukit Batok MRT Station
Bukit Batok MRT South Station ' is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station on the North South Line in Singapore, and for six years part of the Branch Line until the opening of the Woodlands Extension. The station serves mainly residents of the Bukit Batok neighbourhood...

,Jurong East
Jurong East MRT Station
Jurong East MRT Station is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station that is part of the North South Line and the East West Line in Singapore, and serves as an interchange station between the two lines....

,Chinese Garden
Chinese Garden MRT Station
Chinese Garden MRT Station ' is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station on the East West Line in Jurong,Singapore. It serves residents in Yuhua and Hong Kah, as well people visiting the various tourist attractions in Jurong Lake, which includes the Chinese Gardens, where the station derived its...

,Lakeside
Lakeside MRT Station
Lakeside MRT Station ' is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station on the East West Line in Jurong,Singapore.As the Jurong Lake lies next to this station which derived its name from geographical feature, it serves residents living in Hong Kah, Taman Jurong and Boon Lay, as well as people working...

,Boon Lay
Boon Lay MRT Station
Boon Lay MRT Station ' is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station on the East West Line in Jurong, Singapore.The station currently serves residents living in Boon Lay, Pioneer, Gek Poh, Nanyang and people working in Tuas,Tuas South,Pioneer Sector,Jurong Hill,Jurong Pier,Lok Yang,Benoi and Gul.In...

,Pioneer
Pioneer MRT Station
Pioneer MRT Station ' is an elevated Mass Rapid Transit station along the East West Line in Jurong.Located at Jurong West Street 63, between Jurong West Street 61 and Pioneer Road North, it serves residents living in Nanyang and Pioneer...

 and Joo Koon
Joo Koon MRT Station
Joo Koon MRT Station ' is an elevated Mass Rapid Transit station along the East West Line in Jurong and also the western terminus for the line....

 stations. By 2016, Tuas
Tuas MRT Station
Tuas MRT Station is a planned elevated aboveground Mass Rapid Transit station on the East West Line in Jurong, under the Tuas MRT Extension project in Singapore....

 station will open at the Gul
Gul, Singapore
Gul is an area in Jurong Industrial Estate which is the biggest industrial estate in Singapore. Gul is the home to many heavy industries in Singapore....

 industrial district of Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

.

Bus


The town is well-served by public bus services originating from 2 interchanges and 1 bus depot, namely the Jurong East
Jurong East Bus Interchange
Jurong East Bus Interchange is a bus interchange located in Jurong East, Singapore...

 and Boon Lay
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

 bus interchanges and Soon Lee Bus Depot.

Shopping


The more notable shopping malls in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 are Jurong Point Shopping Centre in Pioneer
Pioneer, Singapore
Pioneer is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Pioneer Sector industrial estate located south of the precinct.It is managed by West Coast Town Council and the people are represented in parliament by either Cedric Foo Chee Keng or Lawrence Wong, depending on where they...

,West Mall
West Mall
West Mall is a shopping centre located in Bukit Batok, Singapore.Opening in 1998, the 8 story mall includes a total gross floor area of sitting on a land area of...

 in Bukit Batok and IMM
IMM Shopping Mall
IMM Shopping Mall or IMM Building is a shopping centre located at Jurong East, Singapore. IMM is an abbreviation for "International Merchandise Mart". The shopping centre is managed by Capitaland...

 in Yuhua
Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

.

The largest suburban mall in Singapore, Jurong Point Shopping Centre is well-accessible by bus services from all the residential precincts of Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 except Yuhua
Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

 and Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens is a residential precinct located in Jurong.Immediately north of Pandan Reservoir, it comprises exclusively public housing built by the JTC Corporation and Housing and Development Board.-Neighbouring Areas:...

. This mall targets the young adults and family populations with stalls selling fashion,food&beverages,sports,entertainment and lifestyle products and the elderly population with body-wellness stores and healthcare centres located at level 4 and 5 of the mall. It is a mall that caters to people from all walks of life as it has something for everyone. It is well linked to the Boon Lay MRT Station
Boon Lay MRT Station
Boon Lay MRT Station ' is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station on the East West Line in Jurong, Singapore.The station currently serves residents living in Boon Lay, Pioneer, Gek Poh, Nanyang and people working in Tuas,Tuas South,Pioneer Sector,Jurong Hill,Jurong Pier,Lok Yang,Benoi and Gul.In...

 and Boon Lay Bus Interchange
Boon Lay Bus Interchange
The Boon Lay Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in Pioneer, in the western part of Singapore. It is situated within the Jurong Point Shopping Mall and is integrated with the nearby Boon Lay MRT Station...

.
Located at the heart of Bukit Batok,West Mall
West Mall
West Mall is a shopping centre located in Bukit Batok, Singapore.Opening in 1998, the 8 story mall includes a total gross floor area of sitting on a land area of...

 is the town centre for Bukit Batok, with stalls selling essential products and services such as postal,banking,market,food courts and habit-forming ones such as cinemas and library. It is located next to Bukit Batok MRT Station
Bukit Batok MRT Station
Bukit Batok MRT South Station ' is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station on the North South Line in Singapore, and for six years part of the Branch Line until the opening of the Woodlands Extension. The station serves mainly residents of the Bukit Batok neighbourhood...

 and Bukit Batok Bus Interchange
Bukit Batok Bus Interchange
The Bukit Batok Interchange is located at Bukit Batok Central, near the West Mall Shopping Centre and the Bukit Batok MRT Station. The bus interchange was operated by SBS Transit till end 1999 and was given the operation to SMRT after that.-Redevelopment:...

.

IMM
IMM Shopping Mall
IMM Shopping Mall or IMM Building is a shopping centre located at Jurong East, Singapore. IMM is an abbreviation for "International Merchandise Mart". The shopping centre is managed by Capitaland...

 is a mall located within walking distance and visible from Jurong East MRT Station
Jurong East MRT Station
Jurong East MRT Station is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station that is part of the North South Line and the East West Line in Singapore, and serves as an interchange station between the two lines....

, with a family-orientated food court at the highest storey of the mall, many furniture stores and other stores that meet the needs of the people, such as a Popular
Popular
Popular may in various ways refer to:*an adjective referring to any people or population*Social status, the quality of being well-liked or well-known*Popularity, the quality of being well-liked...

 Bookstore and Diso
Diso
Diso is a town and comune in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-east Italy. It is an ancient city, having existed since the early 11th century, and features several churches, buildings and squares....

 department store which sells decorative stuffs and other lifestyle products at a reasonably low price of $2. There is a hypermarket at level 1 of the mall to suit the marketing needs of the people. There is a free shuttle bus service that ferries visitors to the mall from Jurong East MRT Station
Jurong East MRT Station
Jurong East MRT Station is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station that is part of the North South Line and the East West Line in Singapore, and serves as an interchange station between the two lines....

.

There are other shopping malls in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 but are well-known only within the precinct they are in, such as 'Hong Kah Point' in Hong Kah
Hong Kah
Hong Kah is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore, bounded by the PIE, Corporation Road, Jurong Canel, Jurong East Avenue 1 and Jurong Town Hall Road...

 and 'Taman Jurong Shopping Centre' in Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore. It is one of the oldest residential precincts in Singapore and a division of Jurong GRC, with the area's HDB flats under the management of Jurong Town Council and Tharman Shanmugaratnam as the area's MP.-Neighbouring Areas:-Residential...

. Therefore, it is recommended that one should read the pages of the various precincts to understand more about the shopping centres in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

.

Tourist Attractions


There are 6 tourist attractions in Jurong,
  • Singapore Science Centre
    Singapore Science Centre
    The Science Centre Singapore , previously known as Singapore Science Centre is a scientific institution in Jurong East, Singapore, specialising in the promotion of scientific and technological education for the general public...

  • Snow City
    Snow City
    Snow City is Singapore's first indoor snow centre located within the Science Centre, Singapore area beside Ommi-Theatre in Jurong East. Snow City introduces the concept of snow and cold climates in a fun, entertaining and educational way...

  • Singapore Discovery Centre
    Singapore Discovery Centre
    The S'pore Discovery Centre is a 'edutainment' attraction that offers engaging exhibits for everybody, providing insights into what makes Singapore ticks.-History:...

  • Singapore Army Museum
  • Jurong Reptile Park
    Jurong Reptile Park
    The Jurong Reptile Park is a tourist attraction in Singapore. It is opposite Jurong Bird Park, and although they are not affiliated. It is located within the Boon Lay Planning Area of the Jurong district and has an area of 2-hectare....

  • Jurong Bird Park

Schools


Singapore's oldest university, the Nanyang Technological University
Nanyang Technological University
Nanyang Technological University is one of the two largest public universities in Singapore with the biggest campus in Singapore and the world's largest engineering college. Its lush 200-hectare Yunnan Garden campus was the Youth Olympic Village of the world's first 2010 Summer Youth Olympics in...

, together with a teacher's institute(National Institute of Education
National Institute of Education
The is an institute of the , Singapore.NIE, Singapore, provides all levels of teacher education, from programmes to for in-service teachers and executive for Principals, Departmental Heads and other school leaders. NIE also administers postgraduate programmes that lead to the award of in...

), are located in the Nanyang
Nanyang, Singapore
Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

 precinct of Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

. There is at least 1 primary school and 1 secondary school in each precinct of Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

.

Formation of Jurong Residential Precincts



In the early 1900s, Jurong was uncharted territory, mainly dominated by swamp
Swamp
A swamp is a wetland with some flooding of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water. A swamp generally has a large number of hammocks, or dry-land protrusions, covered by aquatic vegetation, or vegetation that tolerates periodical inundation. The two main types of swamp are "true" or swamp...

s with low hills covered by shrubs and a thick jungle
Jungle
A Jungle is an area of land in the tropics overgrown with dense vegetation.The word jungle originates from the Sanskrit word jangala which referred to uncultivated land. Although the Sanskrit word refers to "dry land", it has been suggested that an Anglo-Indian interpretation led to its...

. In 1929, the first road in Jurong connected it to Bukit Timah
Bukit Timah
Bukit Timah is an area in Singapore and a hill in that area. Bukit Timah is located near the centre of the Singapore main island. The hill stands at an altitude of 163.63 metres and is the highest point in the city-state of Singapore...

. Jurong remained a sleepy rural
Rural
Rural areas or the country or countryside are areas that are not urbanized, though when large areas are described, country towns and smaller cities will be included. They have a low population density, and typically much of the land is devoted to agriculture...

 area until 1959, when Singapore became a self-governing colony
Colony
In politics and history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a state. For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception....

. Then, Jurong was dominated with rural villages that were later cleared as modern development took place.

Up to the late 1980s, only part of the housing estate in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 had been developed, specifically Boon Lay
Boon Lay
Boon Lay is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after Mr , a prominent businessman in the late 19th century and early 20th century who owned the land where the precinct stands, when a requisition of 1.012km² of land from his estate was done by the war department of the then colonial government...

,Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore. It is one of the oldest residential precincts in Singapore and a division of Jurong GRC, with the area's HDB flats under the management of Jurong Town Council and Tharman Shanmugaratnam as the area's MP.-Neighbouring Areas:-Residential...

,Bukit Batok,Bukit Gombak
Bukit Gombak
Bukit Gombak is a neighbourhood in the west-central area of the Southeast Asian city-state of Singapore. In the Malay language, bukit means hill and gombak a bunch or collection of something....

,Hong Kah
Hong Kah
Hong Kah is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore, bounded by the PIE, Corporation Road, Jurong Canel, Jurong East Avenue 1 and Jurong Town Hall Road...

,Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens is a residential precinct located in Jurong.Immediately north of Pandan Reservoir, it comprises exclusively public housing built by the JTC Corporation and Housing and Development Board.-Neighbouring Areas:...

 and Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

, mostly due to the resettlement of 'Hong Kah' village(present-day Tengah
Tengah
Tengah is an Indonesian and Malay word meaning "Central". It can be found in topography, e.g.*Kalimantan Tengah*Kepulauan Tengah or Central Archipelago....

) and surrounding villages. In the early 1990s, a new section of Pioneer Road North was built to connect the present Jurong West Extension to Upper Jurong Road. This signalled the start of the development of Jurong West Extension(Nanyang
Nanyang, Singapore
Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

,Pioneer
Pioneer, Singapore
Pioneer is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Pioneer Sector industrial estate located south of the precinct.It is managed by West Coast Town Council and the people are represented in parliament by either Cedric Foo Chee Keng or Lawrence Wong, depending on where they...

 and Gek Poh
Gek Poh Ville
Gek Poh Ville is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after 'Gek Poh Road', a street that existed before Pioneer was developed.It is part of Hong Kah North SMC and the area's residential areas are under the management of Chua Chu Kang Town Council, with Amy Khor representing the residents of Gek...

). Today, the area is also served by the PIE
Pan Island Expressway
The Pan Island Expressway is the oldest and longest of Singapore's expressways. Currently, it is also Singapore's longest road. It extends along the length of the island, connecting Tuas in the west to Singapore Changi Airport in the east. Its length is .-Construction:Construction of the PIE...

 which was extended to Tuas from Corporation Road, also in the early 1990s.

Formation of Jurong Industrial Easte


The government saw industrialisation
Industrialisation
Industrialization is the process of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial one...

 as a solution to the country's economic problems and Jurong was picked as a prime area for development. Jurong's coastal waters were deep, making it suitable for a port
Port
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land....

; the land was mostly state-owned; and landfill
Landfill
A landfill site , is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment...

 was readily available from the area's many hill
Hill
A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain. Hills often have a distinct summit, although in areas with scarp/dip topography a hill may refer to a particular section of flat terrain without a massive summit A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain. Hills...

s. It is also relatively far from Singapore's Central Business District
Downtown Core
The Downtown Core is a 266-hectare urban planning area in the south of the city-state of Singapore. The Downtown Core surrounds the mouth of the Singapore River and southeastern portion of its watershed, and is part of the Central Area, Singapore's central business district...

 and residential areas, and thus it is suitable to locate heavy industries
Heavy industry
Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning as compared to light industry. It can mean production of products which are either heavy in weight or in the processes leading to their production. In general, it is a popular term used within the name of many Japanese and Korean firms, meaning...

 there. In the 1950s, it was developed into an industrial estate , supported by low-cost housing. Amenities such as government dispensaries, a private hospital, creches, hawker centre
Hawker centre
A hawker centre or cooked food centre is the name given to open-air complexes in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Riau Islands housing many stalls that sell a variety of inexpensive food...

s and bank
Bank
A bank is a financial institution that serves as a financial intermediary. The term "bank" may refer to one of several related types of entities:...

s were built in the 1970s during efforts to develop Singapore economically.

In 1961, the Economic and Development Board
Economic Development Board
-Overview:The Economic Development Board is a statutory board of the Government of Singapore that plans and executes strategies to sustain Singapore as a leading global hub for business and investment....

 (EDB) was formed to industrialise Jurong and earthworks
Earthworks (engineering)
Earthworks are engineering works created through the moving or processing of quantities of soil or unformed rock.- Civil engineering use :Typical earthworks include roads, railway beds, causeways, dams, levees, canals, and berms...

 began that same year. In 1962, the Finance Minister
Ministry of Finance (Singapore)
The Ministry of Finance , is a ministry of the Government of Singapore responsible for administering and regulating financial institutions and structures of the economy of Singapore. It is headed by the Minister for Finance...

 Dr Goh Keng Swee
Goh Keng Swee
Goh Keng Swee was the second Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore between 1973 and 1984, and a Member of Parliament for the Kreta Ayer constituency for a quarter of a century. Born in Malacca in the Straits Settlements into a Peranakan family, he came to Singapore at the age of two years...

, laid the foundation stone for the National Iron and Steel Mills, the first factory in the new industrial estate. In 1963, 24 factories were established. In the same year, the then Prime Minister of Singapore
Prime Minister of Singapore
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore. The President of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs.The office of Prime Minister...

, Lee Kuan Yew
Lee Kuan Yew
Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH is a Singaporean statesman. He was the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore, governing for three decades...

, made Jurong the initial constituency on his first visit to constituencies in the Republic. At that time, Jurong was without a citizen's consultative committee. In May 1965, Jurong Port
Jurong Port
' is a port operator headquartered in Singapore. Jurong Port, which operates the only multi-purpose port in Singapore, handles bulk, breakbulk and containerized cargo...

 became operational.

In 1968, the Jurong Town Corporation was created to manage Jurong's development. By this time, 14.78 square kilometres of industrial land has been prepared, 153 factories were fully functioning and 46 more were being constructed. With the Singapore economy
Economy of Singapore
Singapore has a highly developed state capitalist mixed economy; the state owns stakes in firms that comprise perhaps 60% of the GDP through entities such as the sovereign wealth fund Temasek...

 constantly expanding, finding space for new industries is an ever-present challenge. Seven islet
Islet
An islet is a very small island.- Types :As suggested by its origin as islette, an Old French diminutive of "isle", use of the term implies small size, but little attention is given to drawing an upper limit on its applicability....

s off the coast of Jurong were merged to create the 30 square kilometre Jurong Island
Jurong Island
Jurong Island is an artificial island located to the southwest of the main island of Singapore, off Jurong Industrial Estate. It was formed from the amalgamation of seven offshore islands, the islands of Pulau Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau, Pulau Merlimau, Pulau Pesek, Pulau Pesek Kechil , Pulau...

, which is to be the base for oil
Petroleum
Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. Petroleum is recovered mostly through oil drilling...

, petrochemical
Petrochemical
Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane....

 and chemical industries. Construction of Jurong Island began in the early 1990s and is scheduled to be completed in 2010. A number of plants began operating there in the late 1990s. A bridge, the Jurong Island Causeway, links Jurong Island to the mainland. Access to the island is restricted which may improve its security against terrorist attacks.

Jurong KTMB Railway Line


The Keretapi Tanah Melayu
Keretapi Tanah Melayu
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad or Malayan Railways Limited is the main rail operator in Peninsular Malaysia. The railway system dates back to the British colonial era, when it was first built to transport tin...

 railway from Malaysia used to have an extension branching out from the Bukit Timah
Bukit Timah
Bukit Timah is an area in Singapore and a hill in that area. Bukit Timah is located near the centre of the Singapore main island. The hill stands at an altitude of 163.63 metres and is the highest point in the city-state of Singapore...

 railway station
Bukit Timah railway station
Bukit Timah Railway Station was a railway station and crossing loop in Singapore, owned by Keretapi Tanah Melayu , the main railway operator in Malaysia....

 to Shipyard Road and Jurong Port
Jurong Port
' is a port operator headquartered in Singapore. Jurong Port, which operates the only multi-purpose port in Singapore, handles bulk, breakbulk and containerized cargo...

 via Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens is a residential precinct located in Jurong.Immediately north of Pandan Reservoir, it comprises exclusively public housing built by the JTC Corporation and Housing and Development Board.-Neighbouring Areas:...

. This railway extension was intended for goods transportation as Jurong lacked good roads at the time. It was opened in 1965 amid much fanfare, but failed to generate satisfactory traffic. It was consequently closed in the early 1990s, and has since been partially dismantled.

Politics


Jurong used to be an independent political constituency in the 1959 general elections. Chia Thye Poh
Chia Thye Poh
Chia Thye Poh was the longest-serving political prisoner in the history of Singapore and perhaps the longest-serving prisoner of conscience of the 20th century, if not one of its longest-serving political prisoners....

 represented the constituency in parliament between 1963 and 1966. Then, 'Boon Lay Constituency' was carved out in 1976, 'Bukit Gombak Constituency' in 1988 and 'Hong Kah Constituency' in 1984, forming 4 separate constituencies. 'Hong Kah Constituency' eventually became a GRC
Group Representation Constituency
A Group Representation Constituency is a type of electoral division or constituency in Singapore, the Members of Parliament of which are voted into Parliament as a group...

 that consisted of Nanyang
Nanyang, Singapore
Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

,Hong Kah
Hong Kah
Hong Kah is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore, bounded by the PIE, Corporation Road, Jurong Canel, Jurong East Avenue 1 and Jurong Town Hall Road...

,Gek Poh
Gek Poh Ville
Gek Poh Ville is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after 'Gek Poh Road', a street that existed before Pioneer was developed.It is part of Hong Kah North SMC and the area's residential areas are under the management of Chua Chu Kang Town Council, with Amy Khor representing the residents of Gek...

 and Bukit Batok in 1988. Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens is a residential precinct located in Jurong.Immediately north of Pandan Reservoir, it comprises exclusively public housing built by the JTC Corporation and Housing and Development Board.-Neighbouring Areas:...

,Pioneer
Pioneer, Singapore
Pioneer is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Pioneer Sector industrial estate located south of the precinct.It is managed by West Coast Town Council and the people are represented in parliament by either Cedric Foo Chee Keng or Lawrence Wong, depending on where they...

,Yuhua
Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

 and Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore. It is one of the oldest residential precincts in Singapore and a division of Jurong GRC, with the area's HDB flats under the management of Jurong Town Council and Tharman Shanmugaratnam as the area's MP.-Neighbouring Areas:-Residential...

 were under 'Bukit Timah Constituency' and the N9 region of Nanyang
Nanyang, Singapore
Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

 was under 'Jurong Constituency' all that while.

In 2001, there was a major change in the political constituties of Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

. 'Boon Lay Constituency', together with Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens
Teban Gardens is a residential precinct located in Jurong.Immediately north of Pandan Reservoir, it comprises exclusively public housing built by the JTC Corporation and Housing and Development Board.-Neighbouring Areas:...

 and Pioneer
Pioneer, Singapore
Pioneer is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Pioneer Sector industrial estate located south of the precinct.It is managed by West Coast Town Council and the people are represented in parliament by either Cedric Foo Chee Keng or Lawrence Wong, depending on where they...

, was absorbed into the newly-created Westcoast GRC
West Coast Group Representation Constituency
West Coast Group Representation Constituency is a five-member Group Representation Constituency located in the western area of Singapore. The GRC is divided into five divisions and is a constituency held by the People's Action Party. The five divisions are Ayer Rajah, West Coast, Boon Lay,...

. 'Hong Kah Constituency' was re-designed to include towns of Chua Chu Kang and Bukit Gombak
Bukit Gombak
Bukit Gombak is a neighbourhood in the west-central area of the Southeast Asian city-state of Singapore. In the Malay language, bukit means hill and gombak a bunch or collection of something....

 and only Nanyang
Nanyang, Singapore
Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

 and Gek Poh
Gek Poh Ville
Gek Poh Ville is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after 'Gek Poh Road', a street that existed before Pioneer was developed.It is part of Hong Kah North SMC and the area's residential areas are under the management of Chua Chu Kang Town Council, with Amy Khor representing the residents of Gek...

 remained in the constituency, this time including the N9 region of Nanyang
Nanyang, Singapore
Nanyang is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Nanyang University beside it when the first few estates in the precinct were built in 1988 and the PIE then not constructed in the precinct to separate the university from the precinct.It is a division of Chua Chu Kang GRC, with the...

. 'Jurong Constituency' was abolished. Hong Kah
Hong Kah
Hong Kah is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore, bounded by the PIE, Corporation Road, Jurong Canel, Jurong East Avenue 1 and Jurong Town Hall Road...

 and Bukit Batok were regrouped into the newly-created Jurong GRC
Jurong Group Representation Constituency
Jurong Group Representation Constituency is a five-member Group Representation Constituency located in the western area of Singapore. The GRC consists a large section of Jurong, sections of Bukit Batok and Upper Bukit Timah...

, alongside with Yuhua
Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

 and Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong
Taman Jurong is a residential precinct in Jurong, Singapore. It is one of the oldest residential precincts in Singapore and a division of Jurong GRC, with the area's HDB flats under the management of Jurong Town Council and Tharman Shanmugaratnam as the area's MP.-Neighbouring Areas:-Residential...

. As such, the entire political system of Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

 was changed with 3 GRC
Group Representation Constituency
A Group Representation Constituency is a type of electoral division or constituency in Singapore, the Members of Parliament of which are voted into Parliament as a group...

s as a result.

10 years later, in 2011, Gek Poh
Gek Poh Ville
Gek Poh Ville is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after 'Gek Poh Road', a street that existed before Pioneer was developed.It is part of Hong Kah North SMC and the area's residential areas are under the management of Chua Chu Kang Town Council, with Amy Khor representing the residents of Gek...

,Yuhua
Yuhua, Singapore
Yuhua is a precinct located at Jurong, Singapore.The area's HDB flats are under the management of Jurong Town Council and the people of this precinct is represented in parliament by Grace Fu.-Neighbouring Areas:-HDB:-Future Housing:...

 and Pioneer
Pioneer, Singapore
Pioneer is a residential precinct in Jurong, named after the Pioneer Sector industrial estate located south of the precinct.It is managed by West Coast Town Council and the people are represented in parliament by either Cedric Foo Chee Keng or Lawrence Wong, depending on where they...

 were crafted out from each of the 3 GRC
Group Representation Constituency
A Group Representation Constituency is a type of electoral division or constituency in Singapore, the Members of Parliament of which are voted into Parliament as a group...

s to become SMCs. In total, there are now 6 constituencies in Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

.

Nonetheless, though divided into 6 separate constituencies, all the precincts are collectively managed by the PAP
People's Action Party
The People's Action Party is the leading political party in Singapore. It has been the city-state's ruling political party since 1959....

 and known as Jurong
Jurong
Jurong is the largest town in the western part of Singapore, consisting of 11 residential precincts, 14 industrial districts, 1 military zone and 1 Waterfront district. It resembles Woodlands, the largest town in the northern part of Singapore, which is smaller in size, has smaller industrial area...

.

External links


See also


  • Woodlands
    Woodlands, Singapore
    Woodlands, or the Woodlands New Town , is a suburban town in northern Singapore, part of the North West Community Development Council district...

  • Tampines
    Tampines
    Tampines is the largest residential area in the city-state of Singapore and is located in the East Region of the main island. The town is so named because in the 1900s a large forest of Tampines trees were there....

  • Bedok
    Bedok
    Bedok is a neighbourhood in the eastern part of Singapore. Bedok New Town is the fifth Housing and Development Board new town; its development started in April 1973 and continued over some 15 years....

  • Geylang
    Geylang
    Geylang is a neighbourhood in the city-state of Singapore east of the Central Area, Singapore's central business district. It is located to the east of the Singapore River, an area that locals have associated, from the days of Sir Stamford Raffles, as a Malay kampong opposite facing two islands...

  • Singapore
    Singapore
    Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

  • Places in Singapore
    Places in Singapore
    The following lists various places in Singapore. See also Places in Singapore by alphabetical order and subdivisions of Singapore for administrative subdivisions.-Public Towns and Estates:...