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, commonly known as Juniper Grevillea
, is a shrub
A shrub or bush is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 5–6 m tall. A large number of plants may become either shrubs or trees, depending on the growing conditions they experience...
which is endemic to eastern New South Wales
New South Wales is a state of :Australia, located in the east of the country. It is bordered by Queensland, Victoria and South Australia to the north, south and west respectively. To the east, the state is bordered by the Tasman Sea, which forms part of the Pacific Ocean. New South Wales...
and south-eastern Queensland
Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern section of the mainland continent. It is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean...
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...
It has a spreading or erect habit and it grows to between 0.2 and 3 metres in height. The leaves are prickly and are 0.5 to 3.5 cm long and 0.5 to 6 mm wide. Flowering occurs throughout the year, peaking between mid winter and early summer. The spider-like flowers are red, pink, orange, yellow or greenish.
The type specimen for this species was collected from Port Jackson
Port Jackson, containing Sydney Harbour, is the natural harbour of Sydney, Australia. It is known for its beauty, and in particular, as the location of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge...
area and was described by botanist Robert Brown
Robert Brown was a Scottish botanist and palaeobotanist who made important contributions to botany largely through his pioneering use of the microscope...
in 1810 who gave it the specific epithet juniperina
which alludes to its juniper-like
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, there are between 50-67 species of juniper, widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa in the Old World, and to the...
There are currently seven recognised subspecies:
- G. juniperina subsp. allojohnsonii Makinson - red flowers
- G. juniperina subsp. amphitricha - from the Shoalhaven River
The Shoalhaven River is a river rising from the Southern Tablelands and flowing into the ocean near Nowra on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia.- History :...
- G. juniperina subsp. fortis Makinson - mostly within the ACT
The Australian Capital Territory, often abbreviated ACT, is the capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and is the smallest self-governing internal territory...
- G. juniperina R.Br. subsp. juniperina - endemic to western Sydney
Sydney is the most populous city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney is located on Australia's south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. As of June 2010, the greater metropolitan area had an approximate population of 4.6 million people...
- G. juniperina subsp. sulphurea (A.Cunn.) Makinson (formerly var. trinervata)
- G. juniperina subsp. trinervis (R.Br.) (formerly Grevillea trinervis)
- G. juniperina subsp. villosa Makinson - from the Braidwood
Braidwood is a town in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Palerang Shire. It is located on the busy Kings Highway linking Canberra to Batemans Bay on the coast. It is about 200 kilometres south west of Sydney and about 60 kilometres inland from the coast...
/ Currockbilly area.
is listed as a vulnerable species on Schedule 2 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 in New South Wales.
A number of cultivars have been selected for horticultural use, including the following:
- 'Lunar Light' - variegated leaves and orange-pink flowers
- 'Molonglo' is a form with a low spreading habit and larger orange flowers with red styles. It was bred from two disparate forms of juniperina, an erect red-flowered form from around Canberra and a yellow-flowered spreading prostrate form from the western slopes of the Budawang Range
The Budawangs are a rugged mountain range largely located within the Budawang National Park and Morton National Park in New South Wales, Australia. The Budawangs have been declared a Wilderness Area. The Budawangs are very popular with bush walkers due to their impressive terrain and unique features...