Dushanbe

Dushanbe

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Economy


Coal, lead, and arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic is a chemical element with the symbol As, atomic number 33 and relative atomic mass 74.92. Arsenic occurs in many minerals, usually in conjunction with sulfur and metals, and also as a pure elemental crystal. It was first documented by Albertus Magnus in 1250.Arsenic is a metalloid...

 are mined nearby in the cities of Nurek
Nurak
Nurek is a city in the Khatlon province of Tajikistan. It is situated on the Vakhsh River, 885 m above sea level, and is 70 km southeast of Dushanbe, the capital...

 and Kulob
Kulob
Kulob , also Kulab or Kulyab , is a city in Kulob district, Khatlon Province, Tajikistan. Located 203 km south-east of the capital Dushanbe on the Yakhsu River , it is one of the largest cities in the country Kulob , also Kulab or Kulyab , is a city in Kulob district, Khatlon Province, Tajikistan....

 allowing for the industrialization of Dushanbe. The Nurek Dam
Nurek Dam
The Nurek Dam is an earth fill embankment dam on the Vakhsh River in the central Asian nation of Tajikistan. Construction of the dam began in 1961 and was completed in 1980, when Tajikistan was still a republic within the Soviet Union. At it is currently the tallest dam in the world...

, the world's highest as of 2008, generates 95% of Tajikistan's electricity, and another dam, the Roghun Dam, is planned on the Vakhsh River
Vakhsh River
The Vakhsh has been intensively developed for human use. Electricity, aluminum, and cotton are the mainstays of Tajikistan’s economy, and the Vakhsh is involved with all three of these sectors. Hydroelectricity provides 91% of the country’s electricity as of 2005, and 90% of that total comes from...

. A leading cotton textile center, Dushanbe also produces silk, machinery, electrical appliances, clothing, leather goods, tractor parts, and foodstuffs. The city of Dushanbe is now home to a number of modern telecommunications, aeronautic and other business corporations adding vitality to its economy. Tourism and ecotourism
Ecotourism
Ecotourism is a form of tourism visiting fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas, intended as a low impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial tourism...

 to the Dushanbe region is a component of the city's service industry, which includes shopping centers, cafes, restaurants, and hotels. Museums and theatres add a cultural element to the economy.

Tajik Air has its head office on the grounds of Dushanbe Airport
Dushanbe Airport
Dushanbe International Airport is an airport located in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. Work has begun on upgrading facilities at the airport. Funds made available from unnamed sources will finance enhancements to the runway and apron and the upgrade of the terminal buildings to handle...

 in Dushanbe. Somon Air
Somon Air
Somon Air is the first private airline company in Tajikistan, and is based at Dushanbe Airport. The airline started operating on February 5, 2008 with regular flights to Moscow and further to Dubai...

 has its head office in Dushanbe.

Main sights



  • Dushanbe Airport
    Dushanbe Airport
    Dushanbe International Airport is an airport located in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. Work has begun on upgrading facilities at the airport. Funds made available from unnamed sources will finance enhancements to the runway and apron and the upgrade of the terminal buildings to handle...

  • Haji Yakoub Mosque
  • Dushanbe Synagogue
    Dushanbe synagogue
    The Dushanbe Synagogue, also known as the Bukharian Synagogue, located in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, was constructed in the 19th century in one of the two Jewish Quarters in Dushanbe at the time. It was part of the Jewish community compound, which also included ritual buildings and a school...

     (destroyed in summer 2008)
  • Museum of Ethnography
  • Tajikistan National Museum
    Tajikistan National Museum
    The Tajikistan National Museum is a museum in Dushanbe, the capital city of Tajikistan....

     (Tajik Unified Museum)
  • National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan
  • Vahdat Palace
  • Palace of Nations
  • Dushanbe Zoo
    Dushanbe Zoo
    Dushanbe Zoo or Dushanbe Zoological Park was founded in 1960 in Dushanbe, Tajikstan. The Zoo is located in the center of the city on the Luchob river bank , next to the Pamir Stadium, and measures roughly twice the size of the stadium.-History:The Dushanbe Zoo was founded in 1960...

  • Botanical Garden
  • Dushanbe Opera
  • Dushanbe Circus
  • Gurminj Museum of Musical Instruments
    Gurminj Museum
    The Gurminj Museum of Musical Instruments is a museum located in the center of Dushanbe, Tajikistan, behind the Office of the Mayor on Bokhtar Street.- History :...

     (Gurminj Museum)

Education



Many of the most important universities and institutes are based in Dushanbe:
  • Tajik State National University
    Tajik State National University
    Tajik National University is a national university of Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Tajikistan Humanitarian International University
    Tajikistan Humanitarian International University
    Tajikistan Humanitarian International University is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Agricultural University of Tajikistan
    Agricultural University of Tajikistan
    Agricultural University of Tajikistan is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Tajik State Medical University
    Tajik State Medical University
    Tajik State Medical University is a public university in Tajikistan. Established in 1939, it is located in Dushanbe and named after Avicenna. It is managed by the Ministry of Health. During its membership in the Soviet Union, it was the second best university in the USSR....

  • Tajik State Pedagogical University
    Tajik State Pedagogical University
    Tajik State Pedagogical University is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe at 121 Rudaki Street. The telephone is: +992 224 13 83 and the Fax is: +992 224 13 83....

  • Tajik State University of Commerce
    Tajik State University of Commerce
    Tajik State University of Commerce is an economics university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Tajik University of Law, Business and Politics
    Tajik University of Law, Business and Politics
    Tajik University of Law, Business and Politics is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Tajik-Russian Slavic University
    Tajik-Russian Slavic University
    Russian-Tajik Slavonic University is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe.The majority of the students come from Russian indigenous families living in Tajikistan and the others comprised by Tajik and Uzbek families. This is a two-nation joint university...

  • Tajikistan University of Technology
    Tajikistan University of Technology
    Tajikistan University of Technology is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Tajikistan-Russian Modern University
    Tajikistan-Russian Modern University
    Tajikistan-Russian Modern University is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe....

  • Technical University of Tajikistan
    Technical University of Tajikistan
    The Technical University of Tajikistan is a university in Tajikistan. It is located in Dushanbe. A branch of the university is also based in Khujand....


Transport


The city is served by Dushanbe Airport
Dushanbe Airport
Dushanbe International Airport is an airport located in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. Work has begun on upgrading facilities at the airport. Funds made available from unnamed sources will finance enhancements to the runway and apron and the upgrade of the terminal buildings to handle...

 and the Dushanbe trolleybus system
Trolleybuses in Dushanbe
The Dushanbe trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network of Dushanbe, the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. In operation since 1955, the system presently comprises eight routes.-History:...

.

Sister cities


Currently, Dushanbe has 15 sister cities. Lusaka
Lusaka
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. It is located in the southern part of the central plateau, at an elevation of about 1,300 metres . It has a population of about 1.7 million . It is a commercial centre as well as the centre of government, and the four main highways of Zambia head...

, Zambia (1966) Sana'a
Sana'a
-Districts:*Al Wahdah District*As Sabain District*Assafi'yah District*At Tahrir District*Ath'thaorah District*Az'zal District*Bani Al Harith District*Ma'ain District*Old City District*Shu'aub District-Old City:...

, Yemen (25 June 1967) Monastir
Monastir, Tunisia
-Areas within Monastir:Monastir's north-eastern territories lead into a place called Route de la Falaise, through which you will reach its most notable suburb, Skanes, which is 6 miles from Monastir's town centre...

, Tunisia (24 November 1967) Klagenfurt
Klagenfurt
-Name:Carinthia's eminent linguists Primus Lessiak and Eberhard Kranzmayer assumed that the city's name, which literally translates as "ford of lament" or "ford of complaints", had something to do with the superstitious thought that fateful fairies or demons tend to live around treacherous waters...

, Austria (1972) Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

, Pakistan (15 September 1976) Boulder
Boulder, Colorado
Boulder is the county seat and most populous city of Boulder County and the 11th most populous city in the U.S. state of Colorado. Boulder is located at the base of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains at an elevation of...

, US (8 May 1987) Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan (13 July 1991) Reutlingen
Reutlingen
Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the capital of the eponymous district of Reutlingen. As of April 2008, it has a population of 109,828....

, Germany (5 October 1991) Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

, Russia (6 October 1991) Shiraz
Shiraz
Shiraz may refer to:* Shiraz, Iran, a city in Iran* Shiraz County, an administrative subdivision of Iran* Vosketap, Armenia, formerly called ShirazPeople:* Hovhannes Shiraz, Armenian poet* Ara Shiraz, Armenian sculptor...

, Iran (16 February 1992) Minsk
Minsk
- Ecological situation :The ecological situation is monitored by Republican Center of Radioactive and Environmental Control .During 2003–2008 the overall weight of contaminants increased from 186,000 to 247,400 tons. The change of gas as industrial fuel to mazut for financial reasons has worsened...

, Belarus (21 July 1998) Ürümqi
Ürümqi
Ürümqi , formerly Tihwa , is the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, in the northwest of the country....

, China (10 September 1999) Tehran
Tehran
Tehran , sometimes spelled Teheran, is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With an estimated population of 8,429,807; it is also Iran's largest urban area and city, one of the largest cities in Western Asia, and is the world's 19th largest city.In the 20th century, Tehran was subject to...

, Iran (12 March 2001) Ankara
Ankara
Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. The city has a mean elevation of , and as of 2010 the metropolitan area in the entire Ankara Province had a population of 4.4 million....

, Turkey (11 December 2003) Bukhara
Bukhara
Bukhara , from the Soghdian βuxārak , is the capital of the Bukhara Province of Uzbekistan. The nation's fifth-largest city, it has a population of 263,400 . The region around Bukhara has been inhabited for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time...

, Uzbekistan

See also


  • Farkhor Air Base
    Farkhor Air Base
    Farkhor Air Base is a Tajik military air base located near the town of Farkhor in Tajikistan, south east of the capital Dushanbe. It was expected to become an Indian military base situated in a foreign country and just 2 km from the Tajik-Afghan border....

  • Symphonic Orchestra of Dushanbe
    Symphonic Orchestra of Dushanbe
    The Symphonic Orchestra of Dushanbe is Tajikistan's main Persian Symphony Orchestra located in Dushanbe.-See also:*Tehran Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra*National Iranian Symphony Orchestra*Iranian Orchestra for New Music...

  • School for Deaf and Mute (Dushanbe)
    School for Deaf and Mute (Dushanbe)
    The School for Deaf and Mute is a special art and social sciences school in Dushanbe for students with limited hearing and speaking ability. It was founded during the Soviet era on 17 January 1975...


External links