Type 38 rifle
The is a bolt-action rifle. For a time it was the standard rifle of the Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

ese infantry. It was known also as the Type 38 Year Meiji Carbine
A carbine , from French carabine, is a longarm similar to but shorter than a rifle or musket. Many carbines are shortened versions of full rifles, firing the same ammunition at a lower velocity due to a shorter barrel length....

 in Japan. An earlier, similar weapon was the Type 30 Year Meiji Rifle
Type 30 Rifle
The Type 30 Rifle Arisaka was a bolt-action rifle that was the standard infantry rifle of the Japanese infantry from 1897 to 1905. It was the first rifle in the Arisaka family as well as the first to chamber the 6.5x50mm Arisaka round...

, which was also used alongside it. Both of these weapons were also known as the Arisaka
Arisaka is a family of Japanese military bolt action rifles, in production from approximately 1898, when it replaced the Murata rifle, until the end of World War II in 1945...

, after the inventor.

It used the Japanese designed 6.5×50mm Arisaka calibre cartridge. This cartridge produces little recoil when fired.