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The Type 30 Rifle Arisaka
(三十年式歩兵銃; Sanjyuu-nen-shiki hoheijyuu
) was a bolt-action
Bolt action is a type of firearm action in which the weapon's bolt is operated manually by the opening and closing of the breech with a small handle, most commonly placed on the right-hand side of the weapon...
rifle that was the standard infantry rifle of the Japanese
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...
infantry from 1897 to 1905. It was the first rifle in the Arisaka
Arisaka is a family of Japanese military bolt action rifles, in production from approximately 1898, when it replaced the Murata rifle, until the end of World War II in 1945...
family as well as the first to chamber the 6.5x50mm Arisaka round. The designation Type 30 means that it was adopted by the military on the 30th year of the Meiji Restoration
The , also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, Reform or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868...
, which is equal to 1897. The main production version was the long rifle but carbine versions were available for cavalry and mounted troops. The Type 30 rifle was used in the Russo-Japanese War
The Russo-Japanese War was "the first great war of the 20th century." It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea...
. They were replaced by the Type 38 for World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...
The Type 30 was also used by the British Navy and by Finland.