Seleucia

Seleucia

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Seleucia
Seleucia
Seleucia was the first capital of the Seleucid Empire, and one of the great cities of antiquity standing in Mesopotamia, on the Tigris River.Seleucia may refer to:...

(Greek
Greek language
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history;...

: Σελεύκεια) was the first capital of the Seleucid Empire
Seleucid Empire
The Seleucid Empire was a Greek-Macedonian state that was created out of the eastern conquests of Alexander the Great. At the height of its power, it included central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, today's Turkmenistan, Pamir and parts of Pakistan.The Seleucid Empire was a major centre...

, and one of the great cities of antiquity standing in Mesopotamia, on the Tigris River.

Seleucia may refer to:
  • Seleucia (Pamphylia)
    Seleucia (Pamphylia)
    Seleucia – also transliterated as Seleukeia or Seleukheia – was an ancient city on the Mediterranean coast of Pamphylia, in Anatolia, approximately 15 km northeast of Side; the site is currently about 1k north of the village of Bucakşeyhler , approximately 12 km northeast of...

    , now at Bucakşeyhler, Antalya Province, Turkey (36.874°N 31.476°E).
  • Seleucia (Sittacene)
    Seleucia (Sittacene)
    Seleucia – , also transliterated as Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia; formerly Coche or Mahoza, also Veh Ardashir – was an ancient city near the Euphrates river and across the Tigris from the better-known Seleucia on the Tigris, in Sittacene, Mesopotamia...

    , across the Tigris from the foremost Seleucia
  • Seleucia (Susiana)
    Seleucia (Susiana)
    Seleucia – , also transliterated as Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia; formerly Soloke or Soloce, Sodome, and Sele, also Surak – was an ancient city on the Hedyphon river in Susiana , east of Mesopotamia, currently the site of Ja Nishin, Khuzestan Province, Iran...

    , formerly Soloke, Sele, Sodome, and Surak, now at Ja Nishin, Iran
  • Seleucia on Hedyphon
    Seleucia on Hedyphon
    Seleucia on Hedyphon was the name of the ancient Assyrian city of Arrapha during the Hellenistic period . It was in eastern Assyria on the bank of the river Hedyphon ....

    , in the Assyria, now Kirkuk
    Kirkuk
    Kirkuk is a city in Iraq and the capital of Kirkuk Governorate.It is located in the Iraqi governorate of Kirkuk, north of the capital, Baghdad...

     in north Iraq (35°28′0"N 44°19′0"E)
  • Seleucia at the Zeugma, on the Euphrates above Zeugma, probably near modern Sırataşlar, Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey (37°26′N 38°14′E)
  • Seleucia ad Belum
    Seleucia ad Belum
    Seleucia ad Belum – also transliterated as Seleuceia, Seleukeia, or Seleukheia, and later Seleucopolis or Seleukobelos – was an ancient city on the Orontes river Apamene, Syria; the site is located some kilometres west of the city of Apamea , in modern Syria.The city is of Hellenistic...

    , later Seleucopolis, on the Orontes, Syria
  • Seleucia Pieria, the port city for Antioch, at the mouth of the Orontes, in Syria (36°7′0"N 35°55′0"E).
  • Seleucia Samulias
    Seleucia Samulias
    Seleucia Samulias – Seleucia also transliterated as Seleukeia or Seleukheia; in the Talmud, Selik, Selika, and Selikos; in the Aramaic Targum, Salwaḳia or Salwaḳya – was a Hellenistic colony founded about the end of the 3rd century BC on Lake Merom. According to the inference of Grätz,...

    , on Lake Merom (now drained), in Israel
  • Seleucia Sidera
    Seleucia Sidera
    Seleucia Sidera – , also transliterated as Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia; Σελεύκεια η Σίδηρα, Seleukeia hê Sidêra; and later Claudioseleucia, Claudioseleuceia, Klaudiaseleukeôn or Klaudisseleukeôn – was an ancient city in the northern part of Pisidia, Anatolia, currently the site of...

    , in Pisidia, now at Selef, Isparta Province, Turkey
  • Seleucia on the Calycadnus, also known as Seleucia Isauria and Seleucia Tracheotis, modern Silifke
    Silifke
    -Antiquity:Located a few miles from the mouth of the Calycadnus River, Seleucia was founded by Seleucus I Nicator in the early 3rd century BCE, one of several cities he named after himself. It is probable that there were already towns called Olbia and Hyria and that Seleucus I merely united them...

    , Turkey
  • Seleucia (theme)
    Seleucia (theme)
    The Theme of Seleucia was a Byzantine theme in the southern coast of Asia Minor , headquartered at Seleucia .-History:...

    , a Byzantine province of the 9th–12th centuries centered in Seleucia Isauria
  • Seleucia ad Maeandrum, also Tralles or Seleucia in Caria, modern Aydın, Aydın Province, Turkey
  • Seleucia ad Pyramum or Mopsuestia, now in Adana Province, Turkey


Seleucia may also refer to:
  • Abila (Decapolis)
    Abila (Decapolis)
    Abila Dekapoleos – Abila in the Decapolis or Abila was an ancient city, near the Hieromax river in the Decapolis; the site is occupied by two tells and the village of Hartha, circa north-northeast of Irbid, Jordan. The site is 25km east of the Sea of Galilee and 4km south of Wadi Yarmouk...

     (formerly Seleucia), also known as Abila, in the Decapolis at a site near modern Irbid, Jordan
  • Susa
    Susa
    Susa was an ancient city of the Elamite, Persian and Parthian empires of Iran. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains about east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers....

     (formerly Seleucia ad Eulaeum), now in southwestern Iran
  • Umm Qais
    Umm Qais
    Umm Qais is a town in Jordan located on the site of the ruined Hellenistic-Roman city of Gadara . The town was also called Antiochia or Antiochia Semiramis and Seleucia...

     (formerly Seleucia), in Jordan
  • Zeugma (city) (formerly Seleucia-on-the-Euphrates), now in Gaziantep Province, Turkey
  • Gaza
    Gaza
    Gaza , also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of about 450,000, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories.Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC,...

    , one of the most famous cities -ports in history.
  • Babylon
    Babylon
    Babylon was an Akkadian city-state of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which are found in present-day Al Hillah, Babil Province, Iraq, about 85 kilometers south of Baghdad...

    , the greatest city in Babylonia
    Babylonia
    Babylonia was an ancient cultural region in central-southern Mesopotamia , with Babylon as its capital. Babylonia emerged as a major power when Hammurabi Babylonia was an ancient cultural region in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), with Babylon as its capital. Babylonia emerged as...

    who renamed into Seleucia according to Stephanus Byzantius.