Pakistan Peoples Party

Pakistan Peoples Party

Overview
The Pakistan Peoples Party , is a democratic socialist
Democratic socialism
Democratic socialism is a description used by various socialist movements and organizations to emphasize the democratic character of their political orientation...

 political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

 affiliated with Socialist International
Socialist International
The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of democratic socialist, social democratic and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.- History :...

. Pakistan People's Party is the largest political party of Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. Till death of Benazir, its leader has always been a member of the Bhutto family
Bhutto family
The Bhutto family is a political family in Pakistan. Bhutto is a Rajput tribe settled in Sindh.-List of family members:* Pir Bakhsh Bhutto* * Khuda Bakhsh Bhutto, Ameer Bakhsh Bhutto, Illahi Bux Bhutto...

 but now the Zardari family.

Although its center lies in the southern province of Sindh
Sindh
Sindh historically referred to as Ba'ab-ul-Islam , is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". Though Muslims form the largest religious group in Sindh, a good number of Christians, Zoroastrians and Hindus can...

, it also has considerable support in the more densely populated province of Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan.
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Encyclopedia
The Pakistan Peoples Party , is a democratic socialist
Democratic socialism
Democratic socialism is a description used by various socialist movements and organizations to emphasize the democratic character of their political orientation...

 political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

 affiliated with Socialist International
Socialist International
The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of democratic socialist, social democratic and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.- History :...

. Pakistan People's Party is the largest political party of Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. Till death of Benazir, its leader has always been a member of the Bhutto family
Bhutto family
The Bhutto family is a political family in Pakistan. Bhutto is a Rajput tribe settled in Sindh.-List of family members:* Pir Bakhsh Bhutto* * Khuda Bakhsh Bhutto, Ameer Bakhsh Bhutto, Illahi Bux Bhutto...

 but now the Zardari family.

Although its center lies in the southern province of Sindh
Sindh
Sindh historically referred to as Ba'ab-ul-Islam , is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". Though Muslims form the largest religious group in Sindh, a good number of Christians, Zoroastrians and Hindus can...

, it also has considerable support in the more densely populated province of Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. The party has been elected to power four times since its formation.

Founding


The party was launched at its founding convention on 30 November 1967 in Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that, 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. Bhutto was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party — the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan— and served as its chairman until his...

 was elected its first chairman by participants.

The party manifesto, first issued on 9 December 1967 is: "Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

 is our religion; democracy
Democracy
Democracy is generally defined as a form of government in which all adult citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. Ideally, this includes equal participation in the proposal, development and passage of legislation into law...

 is our politics
Politics of Pakistan
Politics of Pakistan have taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. In the current parliamentary system, the President of Pakistan is the largely ceremonial head of state, the Prime...

; socialism
Socialism
Socialism is an economic system characterized by social ownership of the means of production and cooperative management of the economy; or a political philosophy advocating such a system. "Social ownership" may refer to any one of, or a combination of, the following: cooperative enterprises,...

 is our economy
Economy of Pakistan
The economy of Pakistan is the 47th largest in the world in nominal terms and 27th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity . Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy, which mainly encompasses textiles, chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other industries...

; power lies with the people."

Notable leaders


Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was the founder and first chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party. His wife, Nusrat Bhutto
Nusrat Bhutto
Begum Nusrat Bhutto was an Iranian-Pakistani who was the wife of the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, serving as the First Lady of Pakistan during his premiership from 1971 until Bhutto's removal in 1977. She became her husband's successor as the chairman of the Pakistan Peoples...

, succeeded him as chairperson and held the position into the 1980s. In 1982, Nusrat Bhutto, ill with cancer, was given permission to leave Pakistan for medical treatment and remained abroad for several years. At that point her daughter, Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto was a democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996....

, became acting head of the party while Nusrat technically remained its chairman and was referred to as such as late as September 1983. By January 1984, Benazir was being referred to as the party's chairman. She had been elected chairperson for life, and as such was chair until her assassination on 27 December 2007. Her nineteen-year old son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
Bilawal Zardari Bhutto is the Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party. He is the only son of President Asif Ali Zardari and former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.-Early life and education:...

 and his father Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari is the 11th and current President of Pakistan and the Co-Chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party . He is also the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who served two nonconsecutive terms as Prime Minister....

 were appointed party co-chairmen after assassination of Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto was a democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996....

 on 30 December 2007.

Chairs
  1. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that, 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. Bhutto was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party — the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan— and served as its chairman until his...

     (1967–1979)
  2. Nusrat Bhutto
    Nusrat Bhutto
    Begum Nusrat Bhutto was an Iranian-Pakistani who was the wife of the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, serving as the First Lady of Pakistan during his premiership from 1971 until Bhutto's removal in 1977. She became her husband's successor as the chairman of the Pakistan Peoples...

     (1979–1984)
  3. Benazir Bhutto
    Benazir Bhutto
    Benazir Bhutto was a democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996....

     (1984–2007)
  4. Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
    Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
    Bilawal Zardari Bhutto is the Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party. He is the only son of President Asif Ali Zardari and former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.-Early life and education:...

     (2007–Present)
  5. Asif Ali Zardari
    Asif Ali Zardari
    Asif Ali Zardari is the 11th and current President of Pakistan and the Co-Chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party . He is also the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who served two nonconsecutive terms as Prime Minister....

     (2007–Present) Co-Chairman, and Chairman of the Central Executive Committee


Major Office Bearers (Current)
  • Ameen Faheem, Senior Vice Chairman and President (Parliamentarians Wing)
  • Yousaf Raza Gillani
    Yousaf Raza Gillani
    Yousuf Raza Gilani is the current prime minister of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. He was nominated as Prime Minister by the PPP, with the support of its coalition partners, Pakistan Muslim League , Awami National Party, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam and Muttahida Qaumi Movement, on 22 March 2008...

    , Vice Chairman
  • Moula Bakhsh Chandio
    Moula Bakhsh Chandio
    - Career :He elected in 2008 in political party PPP-P, then became senator in 2009. He is from Hyderabad, Sindh.- References :...

    , Senator
  • Senator Jahangir Badar, Secretary General
  • Senator Raza Rabbani
    Raza Rabbani
    Mian Raza Rabbani is a senior Pakistan's law-maker and a Senator from Sindh to the Parliament of the Pakistan, representing Sindh Province . He is current Minister of Inter-Provincial Co-Ordination...

    , Deputy Secretary General
  • Sardar Mir Baz M Khan Khetran, Senior Vice President (Parliamentarians Wing)
  • Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
    Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
    Raja Pervez Ashraf was the Federal Minister for Water and Power of Pakistan in the Yousaf Raza Gillani-led cabinet...

    , Secretary General (Parliamentarians Wing)
  • Qamar Zaman Kaira
    Qamar Zaman Kaira
    Qamar Zaman Kaira was the former Pakistani Federal Minister for Information & Broadcasting. He also holds the additional office of the Federal Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas since March 31, 2008. He also remained the acting Governor of Gilgit-Baltistan.-Education:Kaira had his...

    , Information Secretary
  • Haider Zaman Qureshi, Deputy Information Secretary
  • Senator Babar Awan
    Babar Awan
    Zaheer-ud-din Babar Awan is the former Federal Minister for Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs of Pakistan. He is also a senator in Pakistan's upper House of the Parliament, and a practicing lawyer and member of the Pakistan Peoples Party Central Executive Committee...

    , Secretary Finance Committee
  • Mr. Imtiaz Safdar Waraich, President PPP Punjab
  • Zahir Ali Shah, President PPP Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
  • Nawabzada Lashkari Raisani
    Nawabzada Lashkari Raisani
    Nawabzada Lashkari Raisani is the President of the Pakistan Peoples Party in Balochistan as of 2010. He is also the younger brother of Brahvi tribal chief of the Sarawan, chief of Raisani - Brahoi Baloch tribe, and has served in the past as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan for...

    , Acting President PPP Balochistan
  • Qaim Ali Shah
    Qaim Ali Shah
    Syed Qaim Ali Shah is the current Chief Minister of Sindh, Sindh President of the Pakistan Peoples Party and an elected Member of Provincial Assembly from PS-29...

    , President PPP Sindh
  • Ch. Abdul Majeed, President PPP AJK
  • Sardar Fraz Wahlah
    Sardar Fraz Wahlah
    Sardar Fraz Wahlah is a lawyer/CEO based out of Lahore and New York and the central leader of the Pakistan Peoples Party . He is the Provincial President of Pakistan Peoples Party Youth Punjab.-Background and Profession:...

    , President PPP Punjab for Youth
  • Syed Mehdi Shah
    Syed Mehdi Shah
    Syed Mehdi Shah is a first Chief minister of Gilgit-Baltistan. He was appointed by Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani.-Corruption allegations:...

    , President PPP Gilgit Baltistan
  • Faryal Talpur
    Faryal Talpur
    -Political career:Talpur participated in the Pakistani presidential election, 2007 from the platform of Pakistan Peoples Party and is a Member of Pakistan's National Assembly...

    , Chairperson Women's Wing
  • Khalid Ahmed Kharral, Secretary General Federal Council


Other Leaders
  • Nawabzada Mir Nadir Ali Khan Magsi
  • Sherry Rehman
  • Taj Haider
  • Basit Jehangir Sheikh
    Basit Jehangir Sheikh
    Basit Jehangir Sheikh13 April 1949 - 20 October 2010) was a Pakistani politician who served as the First District President PPP , District Kasur. He was an active leader in politics...

    , Founder Member of Pakistan Peoples Party, Ex-MPA (District Kasur)
  • Syed Naveed Qamar
    Syed Naveed Qamar
    Naveed Qamar is the current Federal Minister for Petroleum in the Yousaf Raza Gillani cabinet of the Government of Pakistan...

  • Amir Fida Paracha
  • Jamshed Dasti
  • Malik Mukhtar Awan
  • Rehman Malik
    Rehman Malik
    27 April 2009 He has been the interior adviser since 27 March 2008.Senator A. Rehman Malik is a Pakistani politician, member of the Senate of Pakistan, and the current Interior Minister of Pakistan under the Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani administration. His Second name is Shetan Malik and he...

  • Faisal Raza Abidi
    Faisal Raza Abidi
    Syed Faisal Raza Abidi is a Pakistani politician. Since March 2009 he has served as a member of the Senate of Pakistan representing the Pakistan Peoples Party...

  • Chaudhary Ahmad Mukhtar
  • Taj Muhammad Balouch
  • Azra Pechuho
  • Hakim Ali Zardari
  • Chadhary Manzoor
  • Mumtaz Alam Gillani
  • Syed Abdul-Qadir Gillani
  • Pir Mazhar Ul Haq
    Pir Mazhar Ul Haq
    Pir Mazhar Ul Haq is a politician in Pakistan who is considered one of the most loyal members of the Pakistan Peoples Party having offered many sacrifices for the party...

  • Nisar Khoro
  • Syeda Shehla Raza
  • Irfana Jalal
  • Zulfiqar Mirza
    Zulfiqar Mirza
    Dr. Zulfiqar Mirza is a leader and politician who is affiliated with Pakistan Peoples Party. He hails from thedistrict Badin, Hyderabad. He did his graduation from LMC Jamshoro, Hyderabad, Sindh. He is married to Dr. Fahmida Mirza who was elected as the first female Speaker of the National...

  • Fehmida Mirza
  • Shahid Hussain Bhutto
  • Nawab Yusuf Talpur
  • Ayaz Soomro
  • Qamar Zaman Kaira
    Qamar Zaman Kaira
    Qamar Zaman Kaira was the former Pakistani Federal Minister for Information & Broadcasting. He also holds the additional office of the Federal Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas since March 31, 2008. He also remained the acting Governor of Gilgit-Baltistan.-Education:Kaira had his...

  • Tanveer Ashraf Kaira
    Tanveer Ashraf Kaira
    Tanveer Ashraf Kaira , was the former Finance minister of Punjab, Pakistan. He was elected as a Member Provincial Assembly of the Punjab in General Elections 2002. And became the finance minister of Punjab after 2008 elections.-Education:...

  • Qazi Sultan Mahmood
  • Hamid Saeed Kazmi
  • Faisal Karim Kundi
  • Junaid Masood
  • Iqbal M Qureshi
  • Lal Muhammad Khan
  • Kashif Tasleem EX Vice President PSF Punjab
  • Abdul Qadir Patel
    Abdul Qadir Patel
    Abdul Qadir Patel is the current chairman of standing committee on Interior is Pakistani born politician with Kutchi and Sindhi decent, who represents the Pakistan Peoples Party in National Assembly of Pakistan....

  • Rais Abdul Majeed Magsi, Bahram
  • Ghulam Mustafa Khan Magsi, Bahram
  • Haji Ahmad Khan Magsi, Bahram
  • Shaukat Abbasi
  • Syed Amaduddin Naqvi
  • Sardar Saleem Haider
  • Tasneem Qureshi
  • Imtiaz Safdar Warraich
  • Samina Khalid Ghurki
  • Riaz Lalji
  • Saleem Khan Chitrali
  • Basit Ali Pasha
  • Rana Shaukat Mehmood
  • Nawazish Ali Pasha
  • Raja Qamar Masood
  • Hina Rabbani Khar
    Hina Rabbani Khar
    Hina Rabbani Khar is a Pakistani politician and the current Foreign Minister of Pakistan. Appointed in July of 2011, she is the first female and the youngest person to ever head Pakistani's Ministry of Foreign Affairs....

  • Haji Mohammad Ramzan Surahio NA 207
  • Syeda Sughra Imam
    Syeda Sughra Imam
    Syeda Sughra Imam is currently a Senator elected from the Province of Punjab, since March, 2009. She contested the General Elections 2008 for a National Assembly seat and lost by a small margin...

  • Mian Ghulam Muhammad Maneka ex federal minister
  • Gohar farid maneka ex MPA pakpattan

Party structure


The Party is structured from municipal unit levels up to the federal level. The Central Executive Committee of the Party is the supreme body that sets out the strategy for the party. The CEC is headed by the Chairman / Co-Chairman and includes all the major office bearers of the party.

General Elections 2008


After the assassination of PPP leader Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto was a democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996....

 on 27 December 2007, the 2008 General Elections
Pakistani general election, 2008
A general election was held in Pakistan on 18 February 2008, after being postponed from 8 January 2008. The original date was intended to elect members of the National Assembly of Pakistan, the lower house of the Majlis-e-Shoora...

 which were scheduled to be held in January were postponed until 18 February. The PPP won the highest number of seats among all political parties, gaining a total general seats 93 from all provinces in the National Parliament
Majlis-e-Shoora
The Parliament of Pakistan, officially termed the Majlis-e-Shoora ; is the federal and supreme legislative body of Pakistan. It is a bicameral federal legislature that consists of the Senate and the National Assembly, the upper and lower houses, respectively...

. Co-chairman Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari is the 11th and current President of Pakistan and the Co-Chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party . He is also the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who served two nonconsecutive terms as Prime Minister....

 said that "Pakistan was on its way of ridding dictatorships forever", and appealed to the Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Pakistan Muslim League (N)
The Pakistan Muslim League is a conservative political party in Pakistan, affiliated with Western conservatism...

 leader, former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Nawaz Sharif
Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif is a Pakistani conservative politician and steel magnate who served as 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from November 1990 to July 1993, and from February 1997 to October 12, 1999...

, to form a coalition controlling over half the seats in Pakistan's 342 seat parliament.

On 9 March 2008 in a press conference held in Muree, Punjab, PML-N Leader Nawaz Sharif and PPP Co-Leader Asif Ali Zardari officially signed an agreement to form a coalition government
Coalition government
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate. The usual reason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament...

. Titled the PPP-PML summit declaration, the joint declaration both parties agreed on the reinstatement of judges deposed during the emergency rule imposed on 3 November 2007 by Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf , is a retired four-star general who served as the 13th Chief of Army Staff and tenth President of Pakistan as well as tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. Musharraf headed and led an administrative military government from October 1999 till August 2007. He ruled...

 within 30 days after the new federal government was formed.. However, this treaty was later on was violated by PPP government, after which PML(N) withdrew from collation and federal government.

Presidential election 2008


PPP candidate Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari is the 11th and current President of Pakistan and the Co-Chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party . He is also the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who served two nonconsecutive terms as Prime Minister....

, the widower of assassinated former prime minister Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto was a democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996....

, won Pakistan’s presidential elections on September 5, 2008.

See also


  • Politics of Pakistan
    Politics of Pakistan
    Politics of Pakistan have taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. In the current parliamentary system, the President of Pakistan is the largely ceremonial head of state, the Prime...

  • Constitution of Pakistan
    Constitution of Pakistan
    The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the supreme law of Pakistan. Known as the Constitution of 1973, it was drafted by the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and, following additions by the opposition parties, was approved by the legislative assembly on April 10, 1973...

  • The PPP's Marxist wing
    The Struggle (political organisation)
    The Struggle is a Trotskyist organisation in Pakistan, affiliated to the International Marxist Tendency . Its leader and best known theoretician is Lal Khan, and it constitutes the largest section of the IMT...

  • Peoples' Aman Committee
    Peoples' Aman Committee
    The Peoples' Aman Committee or Peoples' Peace Committee is a social welfare and political organization based in the neighbourhood of Lyari in Karachi, Pakistan. The PAC was founded by the infamous Karachi gangster Rehman Dakait in 2008 and is accused of being involved in organized crime and gang...


External links