n geographic region that is currently divided
into two separate sovereign state
s — North Korea
and South Korea
. Located on the Korean Peninsula
, Korea is bordered by the People's Republic of China
to the northwest, Russia
to the northeast, and is separated from Japan
to the east by the Korea Strait
and the Sea of Japan
), and separated from the Republic of China (Taiwan)
to the south by the East China Sea
Archaeological and linguistic evidence suggest the origins of the Korean people were Altaic language-speaking people from south-central Siberia
, who populated ancient Korea
in successive waves from the Neolithic
age to the Bronze Age
1446 The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
1871 Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 U.S. Marines in a naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
1894 The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea.
1895 The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.
1895 Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
1904 The Russo-Japanese War over Korea and Manchuria begins after the Battle of Port Arthur.
1904 Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria followed by 100,000 Japanese troops.
1905 The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
1907 Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan.
1908 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.