was an Alii (member of the royal class) during the time of the unification of the Kingdom of Hawaii
The Kingdom of Hawaii was established during the years 1795 to 1810 with the subjugation of the smaller independent chiefdoms of Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lānai, Kauai and Niihau by the chiefdom of Hawaii into one unified government...
His name means Keōua (a common first name) of the "red altar".
His father was Kalaniōpuu, the king at the time of the arrival of Captain James Cook.
He was born about 1762.
His mother was Kanekapolei, one of the later wives of Kalaniōpuu. and mother of Pauli Kaōleiokū, the grandfather of Bernice Pauahi Bishop
Bernice Pauahi Bishop , born Bernice Pauahi Pākī, was a Hawaiian princess, philanthropist, alii, and direct descendant of the royal House of Kamehameha. She was the great-granddaughter of King Kamehameha I and last surviving heir...
and Ruth Keelikolani.
This meant his older half-brother Kiwalao was in line to inherit the kingdom.
He was not happy, however, to receive no lands after his father died in 1781.
He challenged his cousin Kamehameha I
Kamehameha I , also known as Kamehameha the Great, conquered the Hawaiian Islands and formally established the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810. By developing alliances with the major Pacific colonial powers, Kamehameha preserved Hawaii's independence under his rule...
, resulting in the Battle of Moku'ohai
The Battle of Mokuōhai, fought in 1782 on the island of Hawaii, was a key battle in the early days of Kamehameha I's wars to conquer the Hawaiian Islands...
. He escaped the battle to relatives in the Kaū district
thumb|right|300px|The districts of the [[Hawaii |Big Island]]. From Northernmost, clockwise; [[Kohala, Hawaii|Kohala]], [[Hamakua]], [[Hilo, Hawaii|Hilo]], [[Puna, Hawaii|Puna]], Kau , [[Kona District, Hawaii|Kona]]...
to the South in 1782.
Although Kamehameha controlled the West side of the island, repeated raids never resulted in a clear victory for either side.
In 1790, after escaping another attack, his party was caught in an eruption of Kilauea
Kīlauea is a volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, and one of five shield volcanoes that together form the island of Hawaii. Kīlauea means "spewing" or "much spreading" in the Hawaiian language, referring to its frequent outpouring of lava. The Puu Ōō cone has been continuously erupting in the eastern...
, and left footprints in volcanic ash
The 1790 Footprints refer to a set of footprints found near the Kīlauea volcano in present-day Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on the island of Hawaii...
still visible today.
He was killed in 1791 when Kamehameha invited him to the Puukoholā Heiau in Kohala
thumb|right|300px|The districts of the [[Hawaii |Big Island]]. From Northernmost, clockwise; Kohala , [[Hamakua|Hāmākua]], [[Hilo, Hawaii|Hilo]], [[Puna, Hawaii|Puna]], [[Kau, Hawaii|Kaū]], [[Kona District, Hawaii|Kona]]...
He was captured in what is sometimes called the Battle of Kawaihae
Kawaihae is an unincorporated community on the west side of the island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaii, north of Kailua-Kona. Its harbor includes a fuel depot, shipping terminal and military landing site. Outside of the man-made breakwall of the harbor is a popular surf spot and the Pua...
, and Keōua's body offered to sanctify the new temple.
He married at least once, to Kaiolaniokaiwalani and perhaps had two more wives, with several daughters and perhaps two sons.
He was the last independent district ruler on the island of Hawaii
The Island of Hawaii, also called the Big Island or Hawaii Island , is a volcanic island in the North Pacific Ocean...