is a municipality in Sindhuli District
-Historical Importance:This place has a huge historic significance. The Sindhuli Gadhi in Sindhuli is the place where British soldiers were defeated for the first time in Asia in 1767 A.D . The British under the leadership of Captain Kinloch came to help the then ruler of Kathmandu, Jai Prakash...
, in the Janakpur zone
Janakpur Zone The headquarters of Janakpur zone and its main city is Janakpur. Close to the Indian border, it is a historic city of Hinduism. The city was believed to be the capital city of the King Janak, the father in law of Lord Rama, the son of the then King of Ayodhya, Dasharatha. The city...
of central south Nepal
Nepal , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India...
. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census
The 1991 Nepal census was a widespread national census conducted by the Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics.Working with Nepal's Village Development Committees at a district level,...
it had a population of 32,838 people.
The city is in the Sindhuli Valley of central south Nepal. The historic symbol of the valley, Sindhuli Gadhi fort, is at the peak of a hill of the Mahabharata range. The city is in the plain valley made by the Kamla River.
Sindhuli is very beautiful because this valley is crossed by the Sunkoshi Roshi, and Kamla rivers place by place so the narrow falls of the valley are famous, also Sindhuli is ever green and full of fruit and vegetables irrigated by the water of Kamla and other rivers.
The occupation of the Kuti Pass in about 1756 stopped the valley's trade with Tibet
Tibet is a plateau region in Asia, north-east of the Himalayas. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpas, Qiang, and Lhobas, and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han and Hui people...
. Finally, King Prithvi Narayan Shah
Prithvi Narayan Shah, King of Nepal was the first king of the House of Shahs to rule Nepal. He is credited for starting the campaign for a unified Nepal, which had been divided and weakened under Malla confederacy. He was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah , the founder of the ruling...
entered the valley after the victory of Kirtipur
Kirtipur is an ancient city in Nepal. It is located in Kathmandu District of Bagmati Zone 5 km south-west of the Kathmandu. It is one of the five municipalities of the Kathmandu Valley.-Etymology:...
. King Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu sought help from the British and so the East India Company
The East India Company was an early English joint-stock company that was formed initially for pursuing trade with the East Indies, but that ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and China...
sent a contingent of soldiers under Captain Kinloch in 1767. The British force was defeated at Sindhuli by Prithvi Narayan Shah's army. It was the first time a British force was defeated in Asia. The British soldiers were completely taken aback by the geography of the place. They were equipped with modern arms and ammunition like guns and canons but the Gorkha army was brave and they had a better understanding of the terrain. The place where the army of the British Empire was defeated has widely gained popularity. It is called "Sindhuli Gadhi" . The place is of great historic significance. This defeat of the British completely shattered the hopes of Jaya Prakash Malla. The capture of Kathmandu
(September 25 1768) was dramatic.
The new section of B.P. Koirala Highway
The B.P. Koirala Highway, also known as the Banepa Bardibas Highway, is a highway in eastern Nepal. It links Kathmandu Valley with the Eastern Terai region...
to Kamalamai from Kathmandu
opened in 2011 and continues on to Bardibas, though most areas only allow one lane of traffic with hairpin turns. The rest of the route to Bardibas is level land and therefore much less dangerous. Also an old road that connects Dharan through Inner Tarai is just going to reopen for the easier movement through the Inner Tarai Vallys of Sindhuli and Udyapur of Western Region to Dharan
Dharan is a major city in eastern Nepal, in the Sunsari District, situated on foothills of Mahabharat Range with southern tip touching the edge of the Terai at an altitude of 1148 ft . It serves as a trading post between the hilly region and the plains of Terai region. It was once the...
of Eastern Nepal. Long-route buses run under the local authority in the headquarter which has bus routes to cities like Kathmandu, Janakpur and Biratnagar.
Local transportation consists of minibuses and minivans which have been regulated by the local people in the headquarters while most of the parts of Kamalamai are inaccessible to vehicles.
Telecommunication has seen a recent surge thanks to the booming mobile market. The Internet has been introduced recently in the headquarters by private internet providers. The internet is rarely used by the common people. Moreover, the price is too high to be afforded by the public.