Gerbrand Adriaensz Bredero
(March 16, 1585 – August 23, 1618) was a Dutch
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...
A poet is a person who writes poetry. A poet's work can be literal, meaning that his work is derived from a specific event, or metaphorical, meaning that his work can take on many meanings and forms. Poets have existed since antiquity, in nearly all languages, and have produced works that vary...
A playwright, also called a dramatist, is a person who writes plays.The term is not a variant spelling of "playwrite", but something quite distinct: the word wright is an archaic English term for a craftsman or builder...
in the period known as the Dutch Golden Age
The Golden Age was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. The first half is characterised by the Eighty Years' War till 1648...
In 1585 Bredero was born in Amsterdam
Amsterdam is the largest city and the capital of the Netherlands. The current position of Amsterdam as capital city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is governed by the constitution of August 24, 1815 and its successors. Amsterdam has a population of 783,364 within city limits, an urban population...
, where he lived his whole life. He called himself "G.A. Bredero, Amstelredammer"
, and sometimes he is called Breero
. He was the third child of Marry Gerbrants and Adriaen Cornelisz. Bredero, who was a shoemaker and a successful real estate agent. Bredero was born in the Nes
, nowadays number 41, and in 1602 he and his family moved to a house on Oudezijds Voorburgwal
, now number 244, which his father had bought. Bredero lived in this house for the rest of his life. Both houses are now restaurants.
At school Bredero learned French
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...
and possibly also some English
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...
Latin is an Italic language originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. It, along with most European languages, is a descendant of the ancient Proto-Indo-European language. Although it is considered a dead language, a number of scholars and members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently, and...
. Later he was educated as an artist by the Antwerp
painter Francesco Badens, but none of his paintings have survived. In 1611 he became a member of the rederijkerskamer d'Eglantier
, where he was an active member and became friends with Roemer Visscher
Roemer Pieterszoon Visscher was a successful Dutch merchant and writer in the period often called the Dutch Golden Age.-Life:...
Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft - Knight in the Order of Saint Michael - was a Dutch historian, poet and playwright from the period known as the Dutch Golden Age.-Life:...
. Together with Hooft he joined Costers
Samuel Coster was a Dutch playwright.Coster was the fifth child of Adriaen Lennaertz, sexton and carpenter, and Aeltgen Jansd. By around 1605, he was a member of the Amsterdam rederijkerskamer "De Eglantier". Presumably he was helped into the society by rich friends, but then got himself to...
. Around this time he wrote the play "De Spaanschen Brabander Ierolimo"
The only public position Bredero achieved was as vaandrig
or standard bearer of the civic guard
Civic Guard may refer to:* Garda Síochána in Ireland* Schutterij in the Netherlands...
. In the year 1618, at the age of 33, Bredero suddenly died, shortly after he had recovered from pneumonia
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—especially affecting the microscopic air sacs —associated with fever, chest symptoms, and a lack of air space on a chest X-ray. Pneumonia is typically caused by an infection but there are a number of other causes...
that he had contracted after falling through ice. He never married.
- Rodd'rick ende Alphonsus (first performed in 1611)
- Griane (first performed in 1612)
- Klucht van de Koe
- Klucht van de Molenaer
- Moortje (first performed in 1615)
- Lucelle (first performed circa 1616)
- Spaansen Brabander (Spanish Brabanter; first performed in 1617)