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Formosa or Ilha Formosa is a Portuguese
Portuguese language
Portuguese is a Romance language that arose in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia, nowadays Galicia and Northern Portugal. The southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia became independent as the County of Portugal in 1095...

 historical name for Taiwan
Taiwan , also known, especially in the past, as Formosa , is the largest island of the same-named island group of East Asia in the western Pacific Ocean and located off the southeastern coast of mainland China. The island forms over 99% of the current territory of the Republic of China following...

(台灣), literally meaning, "Beautiful Island". The term may also refer to:


  • Formosa Strait, another name for the Taiwan Strait
  • Formosa Province
    Formosa Province
    Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Gran Chaco Region. Its northeast end touches Asunción, Paraguay, and borders the provinces of Chaco and Salta to its south and west, respectively...

    , Argentina, which is also the antipode
    In geography, the antipodes of any place on Earth is the point on the Earth's surface which is diametrically opposite to it. Two points that are antipodal to one another are connected by a straight line running through the centre of the Earth....

     of northern Taiwan.
    • Formosa, Argentina
      Formosa, Argentina
      Formosa is the capital city of the Argentine province of Formosa, on the banks of the Paraguay River, about from Buenos Aires, on National Route 11. It has a population of about 210,000 as per the ....

      , the capital of its namesake province
  • Formosa, Goiás
    Formosa, Goiás
    Formosa is a city and municipality located in the state of Goiás, Brazil, approximately 80 kilometers east of Brasília. The population was 90,247 in a total area of 5,806.89 km² . Formosa is known for its waterfalls and natural beauty...

    , Brazil (near Brasília in Goiás State)
  • Formosa, Ontario
    Formosa, Ontario
    Formosa is a community located in the municipality of South Bruce, in Bruce County, Ontario, Canada.Prominent features of Formosa include:* a hilltop church built from 1875-1883...

    , Canada
  • Formosa, Arkansas, USA
  • Bioko
    Bioko is an island 32 km off the west coast of Africa, specifically Cameroon, in the Gulf of Guinea. It is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea with a population of 124,000 and an area of . It is volcanic with its highest peak the Pico Basile at .-Geography:Bioko has a total area of...

     island, Equatorial Guinea
    Equatorial Guinea
    Equatorial Guinea, officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea where the capital Malabo is situated.Annobón is the southernmost island of Equatorial Guinea and is situated just south of the equator. Bioko island is the northernmost point of Equatorial Guinea. Between the two islands and to the...

    , was named “Formosa” by Fernão do Pó.
  • Formosa (Guinea-Bissau)
    Formosa (Guinea-Bissau)
    Formosa is an island in the Bissagos Islands, Guinea-Bissau. Its area is 140 km². It is located right off the West coast of the northern half of Africa.- References :

    , an island in the Bissagos Islands, Guinea-Bissau
  • A fort built by the Portuguese in Malacca
    Malacca , dubbed The Historic State or Negeri Bersejarah among locals) is the third smallest Malaysian state, after Perlis and Penang. It is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, on the Straits of Malacca. It borders Negeri Sembilan to the north and the state of Johor to the south...

     in the 16th century
  • The eastern city of Formosa is the home of Madame Tang and her dragon in the video game Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow
    Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow
    Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow is a video game by 7 Studios for the PlayStation 2 and PC. It features playable levels based on the experiences of Captain Jack Sparrow after the events of Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl...

    based on the Disney films
  • A township on the Northern outskirts of Plettenberg Bay
    Plettenberg Bay
    Plettenberg Bay, nicknamed Plet or Plett, is the primary town of the Bitou Local Municipality in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. As of the census of 2001, there were 29149 population...

    , South Africa

Other uses

  • Formosan languages
    Formosan languages
    The Formosan languages are the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan. Taiwanese aborigines currently comprise about 2% of the island's population. However, far fewer can still speak their ancestral language, after centuries of language shift...

    , the languages belonging to the Austronesian family of languages spoken by the indigenous people of the island of Formosa or Taiwan
  • Formosa may also refer to a fictional country located on the island of Taiwan, but whose culture was invented by George Psalmanazar
    George Psalmanazar
    George Psalmanazar claimed to be the first Formosan to visit Europe. For some years he convinced many in Britain, but was later revealed to be an impostor...

     as a hoax.
  • A surname found in the Maltese Islands
  • Formosa (grape), a Portuguese wine grape
  • Formosa Magazine
    Formosa Magazine
    Formosa Magazine was a magazine created by Tangwai individuals in Taiwan during the summer of 1979. It opposed the Kuomintang's political monopoly in the Republic of China government...

  • Formosa Television, a major television network in Taiwan
  • Formosa Plastics
    Formosa Plastics
    Formosa Plastics Corporation is a Taiwanese company based in Taiwan that primarily produces polyvinyl chloride resins and other intermediate plastic products. It is the corporation around which influential businessman Wang Yung-ching formed the Formosa Plastics Group, and it remains central to...

    , a company in Taiwan
  • Republic of Formosa
    Republic of Formosa
    The Republic of Formosa was a short-lived republic that existed on the island of Taiwan in 1895 between the formal cession of Taiwan by the Qing Dynasty of China to the Empire of Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki and its invasion and occupation by Japanese troops...

    , a short-lived republic in 1895 on the island of Formosa
  • Formosa (film)
    Formosa (film)
    Formosa is a 2005 film comedy directed by Noah Kadner and written by Jamieson Stern. It won the Jury Award at the 2005 Garden State Film Festival.-Plot summary:...

    , a 2005 comedy
  • Formosa Betrayed
    Formosa Betrayed
    Formosa Betrayed is a 2009 American political thriller film directed by Adam Kane, written by Charlie Stratton, Yann Samuell, Brian Askew, Nathaniel Goodman, with story by Will Tiao and Katie Swain, and starring James Van Der Beek...

    , a 2009 thriller film
  • Diocese of Formosa, Argentina, Roman Catholic Diocese in Argentina
  • Diocese of Formosa, Brazil, Roman Catholic Diocese in Brazil
  • Formosa Cafe
    Formosa Cafe
    The Formosa Cafe is a restaurant and bar at 7156 Santa Monica Boulevard at Formosa Avenue, West Hollywood, California, that has a long history of patronage from movie stars and movie industry people because of its location immediately adjacent to Samuel Goldwyn Studio .The restaurant was started in...

     a famous restaurant in Hollywood, California
  • Formosan Mountain Dog
    Formosan Mountain Dog
    The Formosan Mountain Dog is a breed of small or medium dogs indigenous to Taiwan. These dogs are also known as Taiwanese Dog/Canis or Taiwanese Native Dog . They are well-adapted to the uneven and thickly forested terrain of Taiwan, having become a semi-wild breed prior to the arrival of several...

    , a breed of dog indigenous to Taiwan, commonly referred to as Formosan
  • Ric Formosa
    Ric Formosa
    -External links:...

    , an Australian composer and musician
  • Bosque Formosa Esporte Clube
    Bosque Formosa Esporte Clube
    Bosque Formosa Esporte Clube, commonly known as Formosa, is a Brazilian football club based in Formosa, Goiás state. Despite the fact that the club is from Goiás, the club competes in the Campeonato Brasiliense due to its proximity to Brasília city...

    , a Brazilian football (soccer) club