Finger Plan

Finger Plan

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The Finger Plan is an urban plan
Urban planning
Urban planning incorporates areas such as economics, design, ecology, sociology, geography, law, political science, and statistics to guide and ensure the orderly development of settlements and communities....

 from 1947 which provides a strategy for the development of Greater Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

, Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

. According to the plan, Copenhagen is to develop along five 'funger', centred on S-train
S-Train
The S-train network is a combined urban rapid transit and suburban rail network of Metropolitan Copenhagen, Denmark. It connects the city center with the inner suburbs of Copenhagen, and has close to half of the stations within the urban city. The first line was opened in 1934...

 commuter rail lines, which extend from the 'palm', that is the dense urban fabric of central Copenhagen. In between the fingers, green wedges are supposed to provide land for agriculture and recreational purposes.

The little finger


The northern suburbs form the little finger of the plan, and are traditionally the wealthiest of the suburbs. In popular language, the area is known as "The Whiskey Belt", although the area is mixed between mansions, larger houses, garden cities and mid-size houses. The area has a population of around 270,000 inhabitants.
  • Gentofte Municipality: Klampenborg
    Klampenborg
    Klampenborg is a northern suburb to Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located in Gentofte Municipality, directly on Øresund, between Taarbæk and Skovshoved. Like other neighbourhoods along the Øresund coast, Klampenborg is an affluent area with many large houses....

    , Skovshoved, Charlottenlund, Hellerup
    Hellerup
    Hellerup is a Danish town of Region Hovedstaden, located in the Gentofte Municipality in Denmark. It is bordered to the east by the sound Øresund and to the South by Copenhagen and counted among the most affluent areas in Denmark....

    , Gentofte, Ordrup, Jægersborg, Dyssegård, Vangede
    Vangede
    Vangede is a suburb 8 km northwest of central Copenhagen. The city is primarily made up of one and two family houses and two and three story apartment buildings. The suburb is connected with the S-train with 2 stations Vangede and Dyssegård.-Notable people:...

  • Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality: Kongens Lyngby
    Kongens Lyngby
    Kongens Lyngby is the main city in the affluent Danish municipality of Lyngby-Taarbæk. Just north of Copenhagen, the city lies in the northern part of Denmark's largest island, Zealand...

    , Ulrikkenborg, Brede, Virum
    Virum
    -Geography:Virum is a town in Denmark, located north of Kongens Lyngby on the island of Zealand in Region Hovedstaden. It is part of the northern suburbs of Copenhagen. Comprising mostly residential areas, Virum also has lakes, forests and recreational areas. The town is known for the local...

    , Sorgenfri
    Sorgenfri
    Sorgenfri is a neighbourhood in Lyngby-Taarbæk municipality in Greater Copenhagen lying just north of Kongens Lyngby. It is the site of Sorgenfri Palace....

    , Lundtofte, Hjortekær
  • Rudersdal Municipality
    Rudersdal municipality
    Rudersdal Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden in Denmark. It is situated approximately 20 kilometers north of Copenhagen...

    : Søllerød, Holte
    Holte
    Holte is a town and the northernmost suburb of Metropolitan Copenhagen located in Rudersdal municipality, Denmark. It is located between Rudersdal and the top of Geel's Hill on the shores of the Furesø lake....

    , Øverød
    Øverød
    Øverød is a neighborhood in Holte in the Copenhagen Metropolitan area. The district belongs to Rudersdal Municipality and is situated east of Via Regia and Rude Forest and north of Lake Søllerød. Øverød was originally an ancient village with its own city festival, but today Øverød is agglomerated...

    , Gl. Holte
    Holte
    Holte is a town and the northernmost suburb of Metropolitan Copenhagen located in Rudersdal municipality, Denmark. It is located between Rudersdal and the top of Geel's Hill on the shores of the Furesø lake....

    , Trørød
    Trørød
    Trørød is a small suburb located approximately 20 km north of central Copenhagen. Formerly Trørød was a separate town, but today it is a settlement located in the southern part of the Hørsholm urban area together with the neighbouring settlements of Vedbæk and Gammel Holte.-References:...

    , Nærum
    Nærum
    Nærum is a suburb of Copenhagen. 16km North of the city center. 5230 people live in Nærum, most of whom live either in low-rise concrete blocks or single-family houses. Nærum is situated on Nærumbanen, a single track train line which connects the suburb with central Lyngby and Jægersborg station....

    , Vedbæk
    Vedbæk
    Vedbæk is a small town in the municipality of Rudersdal , Denmark. It is located on the Øresund coast of Zealand, between Rungsted to the north and Skodsborg to the south. The town has a station on the busy Kystbanen railway line, approximately midway between Copenhagen and Helsingør...

    , Skodsborg
    Skodsborg
    Skodsborg is a small town/suburb approx. 20 km. north of Copenhagen, Denmark. The town has a population of 1,169 and lies in Rudersdal Kommune. The town is a coastal town but doesn't have a marina....

    , Birkerød
    Birkerød
    Birkerød is a town and was a municipality in Frederiksborg County on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark...

    , Kajerød, Bistrup
  • Hørsholm Municipality
    Hørsholm
    Hørsholm Kommune is a municipality in the Copenhagen Capital Region in the northern part of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 31 km², and has a total population of 24,197...

    : Hørsholm
    Hørsholm
    Hørsholm Kommune is a municipality in the Copenhagen Capital Region in the northern part of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 31 km², and has a total population of 24,197...

    , Usserød, Rungsted
    Rungsted
    Rungsted is a neighborhood in the city of Hørsholm in the Hørsholm Municipality of Øresund, north of Copenhagen, Denmark. The center of Hørsholm is located two kilometers west of Rungsted...

    , Vallerød, Smidstrup
  • Allerød Municipality
    Allerød municipality
    Allerød Kommune is a municipality on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 67 km², and has a total population of 23,493...

    : Allerød
    Allerød municipality
    Allerød Kommune is a municipality on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 67 km², and has a total population of 23,493...

    , Lillerød
    Lillerød
    Lillerød is a Danish town, seat of the Allerød Municipality, in the Region Hovedstaden. Its population 1 January 2011 was of 15,775 .-Geography:...

    , Blovstrød
  • Fredensborg Municipality
    Fredensborg
    Fredensborg is a railway town with a population of 8,377 located in Fredensborg Municipality, Denmark at the railroad between Hillerød and Helsingør....

    : Fredensborg
    Fredensborg
    Fredensborg is a railway town with a population of 8,377 located in Fredensborg Municipality, Denmark at the railroad between Hillerød and Helsingør....

    , Asminderød, Humlebæk
    Fredensborg municipality
    Fredensborg Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden . The municipality covers an area of 112 km2, and has a total population of 39,240...

    , Kokkedal
    Kokkedal
    Kokkedal is the municipal seat of Fredensborg municipality and a northern settlement in the urban area of Hørsholm, located on the coastline of northern Zealand, Denmark, between the two towns, Nivå and Hørsholm, 30 km. north of Copenhagen...

    , Niverød, Nivå
    Nivå
    Nivå is a town with a population of 7,869 in the municipality of Fredensborg on the island of Zealand in Denmark. Nivå is a residential town on the coast of the Øresund...

    .

The ring finger


The north-northwestern part of the suburbs forms the ring finger. The area is to a large extent formed by detached middle-class dwellings, with some exceptions of housing projects or upper-class areas. The area has a population of around 100,000 inhabitants.
  • Gladsaxe Municipality: Gladsaxe, Bagsværd
    Bagsværd
    Bagsværd is a suburb approximately 12 km northwest of Copenhagen, in the Gladsaxe Municipality. Its center is dominated by the Bagsværd Towers, two high-rise apartment blocks...

    , Buddinge
    Buddinge
    Buddinge is a suburb 10 km. North-West of Copenhagen. The suburb was formerly a small village, but was by the 1960s reach by nearby suburban areas, and then also became a suburb. The suburb is part of Gladsaxe municipal and is connected with S-Train with 2 stations Buddinge and Kildebakke....

    , Høje-Gladsaxe
    Høje-Gladsaxe
    Høje Gladsaxe is a large housing project, approximately 10 km northwest of central Copenhagen, Denmark. The project contains five 15-story blocks and two 8-story blocks containing around 6,000 apartments. The project was finished in 1966...

     (Gladsaxe Heights), Mørkhøj
    Mørkhøj
    Mørkhøj is a suburb 10 km northwest of central Copenhagen, Denmark. The area is mixed with single-family homes and public housing....

    , Søborg
    Søborg Castle
    Søborg Castle , in its heyday, was the strongest castle in Denmark ,and was also used as a prison . It was inhabited until the Count's Feud in 1535, when it is speculated that it was destroyed...

  • Furesø Municipality
    Furesø municipality
    Furesø Kommune is a municipality in Denmark. It has a population of 37,667 and an area of 55.68 km² . The municipality belongs to the Copenhagen Capital Region and lies 20 km northwest of Copenhagen. Its mayor is Ole Bondo Christensen, a member of the Social Democrats political party...

    : Værløse
    Værløse
    Værløse was a municipality consisting of only one parish also named Værløse in the former Copenhagen County on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covered an area of 34 km², and in 2005 had a total population of 18,649...

    , Farum
    Farum
    Farum is a town in the northeast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark, 20 km northwest of Copenhagen. The town has a population of 18,521 .The town is part of Furesø municipality. Until 2006, it constituted Farum municipality....

    , Hareskovby
    Hareskovby
    Hareskovby, or Hareskov By, is a small suburb to Copenhagen, partly within Furesø municipality, partly Herlev municipality on the island of Zealand, Denmark. The part of Hareskovby lying within the Furesø municipality has its own school and library...


The middle finger


The northwestern suburbs form the middle finger. It consists of a mixed area of both detached middle-class dwellings, widespread garden cities and large, low-rise public housing projects. The area has a considerable part of the industrial areas of metropolitan Copenhagen, mostly in the traditional sectors of manufacturing. The area has a population of around 110,000 inhabitants.
  • Herlev Municipality
    Herlev
    Herlev Kommune is a suburban municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 12 km², and has a total population of 26,567 . Its mayor is Kjeld Hansen, a member of the Social Democrats political party...

    : Herlev
    Herlev
    Herlev Kommune is a suburban municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 12 km², and has a total population of 26,567 . Its mayor is Kjeld Hansen, a member of the Social Democrats political party...

    , Hjortespring
  • Ballerup Municipality: Skovlunde
    Skovlunde
    Skovlunde is a small town in Ballerup Municipality and a suburb of Copenhagen Denmark with approximately 12,000 inhabitants and is part of the S-train net in Copenhagen.-Overview:...

    , Ballerup, Måløv
    Måløv
    Måløv is a suburb within Ballerup Municipality, closely attached to Smørumnedre approx. 20 km. west of Copenhagen. The suburb had in 2006, 8681 inhabitants. The suburb is made up by single-family houses and a housing project. 93% of the inhabitants are native danes. The suburb is connected...

    , Ågerup, Jonstrup
    Jonstrup
    Jonstrup is a town in the outskirts of Furesø Municipality. The town is separated from the town of Måløv by Mølledalen, Møllemosen, and Værebro å. This town houses the Jonstrup seminarium and academy of officers. Furthermore all entrance examinations for joining the army takes place at the military...

    , Egebjerg
    Egebjerg
    Egebjerg is the name of several places in Denmark:* Egebjerg, Horsens Municipality, a town in Horsens Municipality* Egebjerg, Odsherred Municipality, a village in Odsherred Municipality* Egebjerg, Ballerup Municipality, a village in Ballerup Municipality...

  • Egedal Municipality
    Egedal municipality
    Egedal Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden in Denmark. It covers an area of with a total population of 40,533...

    : Smørumnedre
    Smørumnedre
    Smørumnedre is a suburb in Egedal Municipality, the Capital Region of Denmark in Denmark, adjoining with Måløv in Ballerup Municipality. approx. 20 km west of Copenhagen. The suburb has a population of 9,388 and 19,059 in the total urban area including Måløv . The majority of the population...

    , Stenløse
    Stenløse Municipality
    The former Stenløse Municipality covered an area of , and had a total population of 13,384 .Main town was Stenløse.-History:On January 1, 2007 Stenløse municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen . It was merged with Ledøje-Smørum and Ølstykke municipalities to form the new...

    , Ølstykke
    Ølstykke
    Ølstykke is a town and a former municipality in Egedal municipality, Region Hovedstaden. The town is on the northern part of the island of Zealand , in eastern Denmark. The former Ølstykke municipality covered an area of 29 km², and had a total population of 15,358...


The index finger


The index finger forms the western suburbs, which are the suburbs with the lowest income per capita and the highest crime rate. The suburbs vary from the petit bourgeois area of Glostrup to the widespread low housing projects of Albertslund and Taastrup. Of the total of 145,000 inhabitants, some 20% are immigrants of first or second generation.
  • Rødovre Municipality: Rødovre, Islev
    Islev
    Islev is a suburb, located approx. 10km. west of Copenhagen. The suburb is made up by Single-family detached home and a commercial area. The suburb is connected with S-train. Islev Station is located in the eastern part of Islev....

  • Glostrup Municipality
    Glostrup
    Glostrup Kommune is a suburban municipality and town in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand approx. 10 km west of Copenhagen in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 13 km², and has a total population of 20,673 . Its Zip code is 2600...

    : Glostrup
    Glostrup
    Glostrup Kommune is a suburban municipality and town in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand approx. 10 km west of Copenhagen in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 13 km², and has a total population of 20,673 . Its Zip code is 2600...

    , Hvissinge, Ejby
  • Brøndby Municipality: Brøndbyøster, Brøndbyvester
    Brøndbyvester
    Brøndbyvester is a Danish town, seat and main settlement of the Brøndby Municipality, in the Region Hovedstaden.-History:The town is the original core of Brøndby and sometimes is simply named in that way.-Geography:...

    , Brøndby Nord
  • Albertslund Municipality
    Albertslund
    Albertslund Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 23 km², and has a total population of 27,602 . Its mayor is Steen Christiansen, a member of the Social Democrats political party...

  • Høje-Taastrup Municipality: Taastrup, Høje-Taastrup, Tåstrupgård, Hedehusene
    Hedehusene
    Hedehusene, a railway town in Denmark, lies between Copenhagen and Roskilde. The town started its slow development in 1847, when the railway between Copenhagen and Roskilde was finished....


The thumb


The southwest suburbs along the coast form the thumb of the plan. While the central parts of these suburbs are dominated by high-rise housing projects and low-income inhabitants, the distant part is dominated by detached middle-class houses. These suburbs have a population of some 215,000 inhabitants, with a sizeable number of immigrants.
  • Hvidovre Municipality
    Hvidovre
    Hvidovre Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden near Copenhagen on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 22 km², and has a total population of 49,380...

    : Avedøre
    Avedøre
    Avedøre is a south-western suburb of Copenhagen located in Hvidovre Municipality. The city is mostly made up of concrete blocks and row-housing. One major high-rise block called "Store Hus" dominates the suburb's skyline. The city has a relatively high rate of crime and many inhabitants are...

    , Friheden
    Friheden
    Friheden is a suburb in Hvidovre municipal, located 8 km south-east from central Copenhagen. The area is a working class suburb and most activity takes place around the Friheden S-Train station, where a shopping mall also is placed...

    , Hvidovre
    Hvidovre
    Hvidovre Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden near Copenhagen on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 22 km², and has a total population of 49,380...

  • Brøndby Municipality: Brøndby Strand
    Brøndby Strand
    Brøndby Strand is a suburb in Brøndby Municipality, approximately 13 km south-west of central Copenhagen, Denmark-Overview:...

  • Vallensbæk Municipality
  • Ishøj Municipality
  • Greve Municipality
    Greve municipality
    Greve Municipality is a municipality about 21 km south-west of Copenhagen in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 60 km², and has a total population of 47,773...

    : Hundige
    Hundige
    Hundige is a suburb south-west of Copenhagen. The town has a relatively high rate of crime, most of which are done in the large housing project called Askerød in the northern part, of the suburb ....

    , Karlslunde
    Karlslunde
    Karlslunde or Karlslunde Strand is a suburb 25 km south-west of central Copenhagen, Denmark. The suburb is a part of Greve municipality. The suburb is connected with the S-train network.- External links :*...

    , Greve
    Greve municipality
    Greve Municipality is a municipality about 21 km south-west of Copenhagen in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 60 km², and has a total population of 47,773...

  • Solrød Municipality
    Solrød municipality
    Solrød is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand in east Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 40 km², and has a total population of 20,759 . Its mayor is Niels Hörup, a member of the Venstre political party...

    : Solrød
    Solrød municipality
    Solrød is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand in east Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 40 km², and has a total population of 20,759 . Its mayor is Niels Hörup, a member of the Venstre political party...

    , Jersie
    Jersie
    Jersie or Jersie Strand is a suburb south-west of central Copenhagen and form the southern part of the Solrød Strand urban area. The suburb is connected with the radial line Køgebugtbanen, a part of the S-train network, at the Jersie station....

  • Køge municipality
    Køge
    Køge Municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand approx. 40 km. southwest of Copenhagen. The municipality covers an area of 255 km² , and has a total population of 56,637...

    : Køge
    Køge
    Køge Municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand approx. 40 km. southwest of Copenhagen. The municipality covers an area of 255 km² , and has a total population of 56,637...

    , Ølby
    Ølby
    Ølby is a neighbourhood north of the town of Køge divided into two parts, the village of Ølby and east of the village near the shore of the Bay of Køge a suburb named Ølby Lyng 35 km south-west of Copenhagen, Denmark, located in the northern part of Køge...


The extra finger of Amager and Malmö


When the finger plan was initially introduced, the island of Amager wasn't included as the infrastructure was inadequate for modern suburban life. Later it has been improved, and the suburbs at the island hold some 53,000 inhabitants. Amager is now one of the most modern suburbs of Copehagen with increasing wealth. With the opening of the bridge to Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

 this finger has been extended all the way to Malmö
Malmö
Malmö , in the southernmost province of Scania, is the third most populous city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Gothenburg.Malmö is the seat of Malmö Municipality and the capital of Skåne County...

. Under an official visit of the Swedish King in 2007 at the Copenhagen City Hall, Copenhagen Mayor Ritt Bjerregaard
Ritt Bjerregaard
Ritt Bjerregaard is a former Danish politician. She is a member of the Danish Social Democrats, and was Lord Mayor of Copenhagen from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009...

 caused a minor diplomatic incident by referring to Malmö as "København M" with an allusion to the Danish system of postal codes (Nørrebro
Nørrebro
Nørrebro is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is northwest of the city centre, beyond the location of the old Northern Gate , which, until dismantled in 1856, was near the current Nørreport station.-Geography:...

 being København N and Vesterbro being København V for instance), indicating that Malmö had turned into just another Copenhagen bourough. Today 25,000 Danes live in Malmö.
  • Tårnby Municipality: Tårnby, Kastrup
    Kastrup
    Kastrup is a suburb of Copenhagen, on the east coast of Amager in the Tårnby Municipality.Kastrup is best known as the site of Copenhagen Airport. In Danish, the airport is often called Kastrup Lufthavn or Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup .Scandinavian Airlines System has its Denmark offices in Kastrup...

  • Dragør Municipality