Cyrillic numerals

Cyrillic numerals

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The Cyrillic numerals are a numbering system derived from the Cyrillic script, used by South
South Slavs
The South Slavs are the southern branch of the Slavic peoples and speak South Slavic languages. Geographically, the South Slavs are native to the Balkan peninsula, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps...

 and East
East Slavs
The East Slavs are Slavic peoples speaking East Slavic languages. Formerly the main population of the medieval state of Kievan Rus, by the seventeenth century they evolved into the Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian peoples.-Sources:...

 Slavic peoples
Slavic peoples
The Slavic people are an Indo-European panethnicity living in Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia. The term Slavic represents a broad ethno-linguistic group of people, who speak languages belonging to the Slavic language family and share, to varying degrees, certain...

. The system was used in Russia as late as the early 18th century when Peter the Great
Peter I of Russia
Peter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are Old Style. All other dates in this article are New Style. ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother, Ivan V...

 replaced it with Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals or Hindu numerals or Hindu-Arabic numerals or Indo-Arabic numerals are the ten digits . They are descended from the Hindu-Arabic numeral system developed by Indian mathematicians, in which a sequence of digits such as "975" is read as a numeral...

.

The system is quasi-decimal, being basically the Ionian numeral system
Greek numerals
Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using letters of the Greek alphabet. They are also known by the names Ionian numerals, Milesian numerals , Alexandrian numerals, or alphabetic numerals...

 written with the corresponding graphemes of the Cyrillic script—the order is based on the original Greek alphabet, and doesn't correspond to the different standard alphabetical orders of Cyrillic. A separate letter is assigned to each unit (1, 2, ... 9), each multiple of ten (10, 20, ... 90), and each multiple of one hundred (100, 200, ... 900).

The numbers are written as pronounced in Slavonic, generally high value position to low value position, with the exception of numbers 11 through 19 which are pronounced and written units before tens. For example, 17 is "седмьнадесять", "s'edm'-na-d'es'at'" ("seven-on-ten", compare English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 seven-teen). In order to cipher a Cyrillic number, one has to add all the figures. To distinguish numbers from text, a titlo
Titlo
Titlo is an extended diacritic symbol initially used in old Cyrillic manuscripts, e.g., in Old Church Slavonic and Old East Slavic languages. The word is a borrowing from the Greek "", "title"...

 (  ) is drawn over the numbers. If the number exceeds 1,000, the thousands sign (  ) is drawn before the figure, and the thousands figure are written with a letter assigned to the units. For numbers over hundred thousand, Combining Cyrillic Hundred Thousands
Combining Cyrillic Hundred Thousands
The Combining Hundred Thousands is a modifier in the Cyrillic numerals system, representing a multiplier of one hundred thousand. The character is combined with a letter representing a number to modify it....

 sign (  ) is used, and for numbers over the million, Combining Cyrillic Millions
Combining Cyrillic Millions
The Combining Cyrillic Millions is a modifier in the Cyrillic numerals system, representing a multiplier of one million. The character is combined with a letter representing a number to modify it....

 sign (  ) is used.





Examples:
  • – 1706
  • – 7118


Glagolitic numerals work similarly, except numeric values are assigned according to the native alphabetic order of the Glagolitic alphabet
Glagolitic alphabet
The Glagolitic alphabet , also known as Glagolitsa, is the oldest known Slavic alphabet. The name was not coined until many centuries after its creation, and comes from the Old Slavic glagolъ "utterance" . The verb glagoliti means "to speak"...

, rather than inherited from the order of the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
The Greek alphabet is the script that has been used to write the Greek language since at least 730 BC . The alphabet in its classical and modern form consists of 24 letters ordered in sequence from alpha to omega...

.

Computing codes

character
Unicode name COMBINING CYRILLIC
TITLO
CYRILLIC
THOUSANDS SIGN
COMBINING CYRILLIC
HUNDRED THOUSANDS
SIGN
COMBINING CYRILLIC
MILLIONS SIGN
character encoding decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode
Unicode
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems...

 
1155 0483 1154 0482 1160 0488 1161 0489
UTF-8
UTF-8
UTF-8 is a multibyte character encoding for Unicode. Like UTF-16 and UTF-32, UTF-8 can represent every character in the Unicode character set. Unlike them, it is backward-compatible with ASCII and avoids the complications of endianness and byte order marks...

 
210 131 D2 83 210 130 D2 82 210 136 D2 88 210 137 D2 89
Numeric character reference
Numeric character reference
A numeric character reference is a common markup construct used in SGML and other SGML-related markup languages such as HTML and XML. It consists of a short sequence of characters that, in turn, represent a single character from the Universal Character Set of Unicode...

 
҃ ҃ ҂ ҂ ҈ ҈ ҉ ҉

See also


  • Early Cyrillic alphabet
    Early Cyrillic alphabet
    The Early Cyrillic alphabet is a writing system developed in the First Bulgarian Empire in the 9th or 10th century to write the Old Church Slavonic liturgical language...

  • Glagolitic alphabet
    Glagolitic alphabet
    The Glagolitic alphabet , also known as Glagolitsa, is the oldest known Slavic alphabet. The name was not coined until many centuries after its creation, and comes from the Old Slavic glagolъ "utterance" . The verb glagoliti means "to speak"...

  • Greek numerals
    Greek numerals
    Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using letters of the Greek alphabet. They are also known by the names Ionian numerals, Milesian numerals , Alexandrian numerals, or alphabetic numerals...

  • Combining Cyrillic Millions
    Combining Cyrillic Millions
    The Combining Cyrillic Millions is a modifier in the Cyrillic numerals system, representing a multiplier of one million. The character is combined with a letter representing a number to modify it....