Ardabil

Ardabil

Overview
Ardabil is a historical city in north-western Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

. The name Ardabil probably comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" which means a holy place. Ardabil is the center of Ardabil
Ardabil Province
Ardabil Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the north west of the country, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan. Its centre is the city of Ardabil...

 Province
Provinces of Iran
Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces , each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital of that province...

. At the 2006 census, its population was 412,669, in 102,818 families. The dominant majority of whom are ethnic Azerbaijanis
Azerbaijani people
The Azerbaijanis are a Turkic-speaking people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan, as well as in the neighbourhood states, Georgia, Russia and formerly Armenia. Commonly referred to as Azeris or Azerbaijani Turks , they also live in a wider area from the Caucasus to...

. Notable for its silk
Silk
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The best-known type of silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity...

 and carpet
Carpet
A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of "pile" attached to a backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or a manmade fibre such as polypropylene,nylon or polyester and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain their...

 trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpet
Ardabil Carpet
The Ardabil Carpet is either of a pair of two famous Persian carpets in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art....

s are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations.
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Encyclopedia
Ardabil is a historical city in north-western Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

. The name Ardabil probably comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" which means a holy place. Ardabil is the center of Ardabil
Ardabil Province
Ardabil Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the north west of the country, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan. Its centre is the city of Ardabil...

 Province
Provinces of Iran
Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces , each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital of that province...

. At the 2006 census, its population was 412,669, in 102,818 families. The dominant majority of whom are ethnic Azerbaijanis
Azerbaijani people
The Azerbaijanis are a Turkic-speaking people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan, as well as in the neighbourhood states, Georgia, Russia and formerly Armenia. Commonly referred to as Azeris or Azerbaijani Turks , they also live in a wider area from the Caucasus to...

. Notable for its silk
Silk
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The best-known type of silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity...

 and carpet
Carpet
A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of "pile" attached to a backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or a manmade fibre such as polypropylene,nylon or polyester and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain their...

 trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpet
Ardabil Carpet
The Ardabil Carpet is either of a pair of two famous Persian carpets in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art....

s are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance...

: the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponym
Eponym
An eponym is the name of a person or thing, whether real or fictitious, after which a particular place, tribe, era, discovery, or other item is named or thought to be named...

 of the Safavid Dynasty
Safavid dynasty
The Safavid dynasty was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran. They ruled one of the greatest Persian empires since the Muslim conquest of Persia and established the Twelver school of Shi'a Islam as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning...

.

Location


Ardabil is about 70 km from the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of and a volume of...

, 210 km from the city of Tabriz
Tabriz
Tabriz is the fourth largest city and one of the historical capitals of Iran and the capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters at the junction of the Quri River and Aji River, it was the second largest city in Iran until the late 1960s, one of its former...

. It has an average altitude of 1263 m and total area of 18.011 km².

Neighboring on the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of and a volume of...

 and the Republic of Azerbaijan, this city is of great political and economical significance.

The province
Province
A province is a territorial unit, almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.-Etymology:The English word "province" is attested since about 1330 and derives from the 13th-century Old French "province," which itself comes from the Latin word "provincia," which referred to...

 of Ardabil has been blessed with splendid natural beauty and numerous sights.

It is located on an open plain 1,500 m above sea level, just east of Mount Sabalan
Sabalan
Sabalan is an inactive stratovolcano in Ardabil province of northwestern Iran. It is the third highest mountain in Iran with a permanent crater lake formed at its summit. Sabalan has a ski resort and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa...

 (4,811 m), where cold spells occur until late spring.

History


The province is believed to be as old as the Achaemenid (ca. 550–330 BC). It is mentioned in the Avesta
Avesta
The Avesta is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, composed in the Avestan language.-Early transmission:The texts of the Avesta — which are all in the Avestan language — were composed over the course of several hundred years. The most important portion, the Gathas,...

, where prophet Zoroaster
Zoroaster
Zoroaster , also known as Zarathustra , was a prophet and the founder of Zoroastrianism who was either born in North Western or Eastern Iran. He is credited with the authorship of the Yasna Haptanghaiti as well as the Gathas, hymns which are at the liturgical core of Zoroastrianism...

 was born by the river Aras
Aras
Aras may refer to:*Aras , an autochthon in Greek mythology, father of Araethyrea and Aoris*ARAS, the Ascending Reticular Activating System*ARAS, the Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism...

 and wrote his book in the Sabalan
Sabalan
Sabalan is an inactive stratovolcano in Ardabil province of northwestern Iran. It is the third highest mountain in Iran with a permanent crater lake formed at its summit. Sabalan has a ski resort and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa...

 Mountains. During Parthia
Parthia
Parthia is a region of north-eastern Iran, best known for having been the political and cultural base of the Arsacid dynasty, rulers of the Parthian Empire....

n era the city had a special importance among the cities of Azarbaijan
Azerbaijan (Iran)
Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan , also Iranian Azerbaijan, Persian Azarbaijan is a region in northwestern Iran. It is also historically known as Atropatene and Aturpatakan....

. Some Muslim historians attribute foundation of Ardabil to king Peroz I
Peroz I
Peroz I Peroz I Peroz I (also Pirooz; Peirozes (Priscus, fr. 33); Perozes (Procopius, De Bello Pers. I. 3 and Agathias iv. 27; the modern form of the name is Perooz, Piruz, or the Arabized Ferooz, Firuz; Persian: پیروز "the Victor"), was the seventeenth Sassanid King of Persia, who ruled from 457...

 of Sassanid Empire
Sassanid Empire
The Sassanid Empire , known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian and resulting in the New Persian terms Iranshahr and Iran , was the last pre-Islamic Persian Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from 224 to 651...

. The Persian poet Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi was a highly revered Persian poet. He was the author of the Shahnameh, the national epic of Iran and related societies.The Shahnameh was originally composed by Ferdowsi for the princes of the Samanid dynasty, who were responsible for a revival of Persian cultural traditions after the...

 also credits the foundation of the city to Peroz I. Ardabil suffered some damages caused by occasional raids of Huns between 4th to 6th century AD. Peroz repaired those damages and fortified the city. Peroz made Ardabil the residence of provincial governor (Marzban
Marzban
Marzban were a class of margraves or military commanders in charge of border provinces of the Sassanid Empire of Persia between the 3rd and 7th centuries CE....

) of Azarbaijan.

During the Islamic conquest of Iran, Ardabil was the largest city in North Western Iran, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period. Ardabilis fought the Mongols three times, however the city fell after the third attempt by Mongols. They massacred not only the Ardabilis but inhabitants of neighboring villages and killing everyone they could find. Incursions of Mongols and Georgians
Georgia (country)
Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the southwest by Turkey, to the south by Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital of...

 left the city in ruins for nearly three centuries til the advent of Safavids.

Safavid Shah Ismail I
Ismail I
Ismail I , known in Persian as Shāh Ismāʿil , was a Shah of Iran and the founder of the Safavid dynasty which survived until 1736. Isma'il started his campaign in Azerbaijan in 1500 as the leader of the Safaviyya, an extremist heterodox Twelver Shi'i militant religious order and unified all of Iran...

 started his campaign to nationalize Iran's government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz
Tabriz
Tabriz is the fourth largest city and one of the historical capitals of Iran and the capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters at the junction of the Quri River and Aji River, it was the second largest city in Iran until the late 1960s, one of its former...

 as his capital in AD 1500. Yet Ardabil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times. She was sacked by Ottomans 14 times between 1514–722 and in 1915 and by Russians in 1813, 1828 and in 1916.

Earthquakes


Ardabil is associated with historical confusion between the 893 Dvin earthquake
893 Dvin earthquake
The 893 Dvin earthquake occurred on 28 December at about midnight. It had a magnitude of about 6 and a maximum intensity of about IX on the Mercalli intensity scale. It destroyed the city of Dvin in Armenia, causing about 30,000 casualties...

 which was often wrongly documented as the 893 Ardabil earthquake due to the similarity of the Arabic name for city of Dvin
Dvin
Dvin was a large commercial city and the capital of early medieval Armenia. It was situated north of the previous ancient capital of Armenia, the city of Artaxata, along the banks of the Metsamor River, 35 km to the south of modern Yerevan...

 in Armenia
Armenia
Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...

, 'Dabil' to Ardabil.

On 28 February 1997, a destructive earthquake
1997 Ardabil earthquake
The 1997 Ardabil earthquake was a destructive earthquake that occurred on 28 February 1997. The epicenter was located near the city of Ardabil in northern Iran.-Background and tectonics:...

 hit the Ardabil area. At least 965 people were killed, 2,600 injured, 36,000 homeless, 12,000 houses damaged or destroyed and 160,000 livestock were killed. Severe damage was observed to roads, electrical power lines, communications and water distribution systems around Ardabil.

Climate


Cold and semi-arid (Köppen
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

 BSk), many tourists come to the region for its relatively cool climate during the hot summer months. The winters are long and bitter cold, with a temperature plummeting to -25 °C. The annual rainfall is around 380 mm.

Demography

  • Population (Metropolitan): about 650,000
  • Religion: Mainly Shi'a Islam
    Shi'a Islam
    Shia Islam is the second largest denomination of Islam. The followers of Shia Islam are called Shi'ites or Shias. "Shia" is the short form of the historic phrase Shīʻatu ʻAlī , meaning "followers of Ali", "faction of Ali", or "party of Ali".Like other schools of thought in Islam, Shia Islam is...

  • Ethnicity: Mostly Azeris
  • Language: The majority of the population speaks Azerbaijani
    Azerbaijani language
    Azerbaijani or Azeri or Torki is a language belonging to the Turkic language family, spoken in southwestern Asia by the Azerbaijani people, primarily in Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran...

    , however, most of Ardabil's population could understand and speaks Persian
    Persian language
    Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

     as well.

Attractions



Anthropology
Attraction Description
The complex of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble is the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili located in Ardabil, Iran. In 2010, it was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List.-History:...

is a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance...

, comprising the following components: the mausoleums of Sheikh Safi and Shah Ismail I, Chini khaneh (meaning the house of chinaware), a mosque, Jannat Sara (meaning the house of paradise), Khanaqah (the house of Dervishes), Cheragh Khaneh (the house of lamps), Shahid khaneh (the house of martyrs) and Chelleh Khaneh (the place where devotees shut themselves up during the forty days of Lent). The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, the dome of which is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior.(Virtual tour)
Masjid Jameh Ruins of once magnificent and unique Mosque.
Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school This comlex dates back to Qajar period
Ardabil Bazaar
Ardabil Bazaar
Ardabil Bazaar is a Persian bazaar built during Safavid Dynasty in Ardabil, northwestern Iran.In the 4th century historians described the bazaar as a building in the shape of the cross with a domed ceiling...

This beautiful Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam
Hammam
A Turkish bath is the Turkish variant of a steam bath, sauna or Russian Bath, distinguished by a focus on water, as distinct from ambient steam....

 and a small yet mystifying mosque.
Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e She Cheshmeh and Qarah Soo Bridge
Qarah Soo Bridge
Qarah Soo Bridge also known as Zaqan is a bridge in Ardabil, northwest Iran. It bridges the Baliqly Chay River. The bridge has seven arches and was originally built as far back as the Safavid dynasty. The bridge was last renovated in about 1920....

, most were built during Safavid era.
Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e She Cheshmeh and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era.
Imamzadeh Saleh mausoleum The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Saleh who is a descendant of a Shia Imam was built 250 years ago.
Saint Mary church This Armenian orthodox church has a beautiful wooden main door and painted dome built in 1876.
mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il located 2 km north of Ardabil
old but always lively bazaar
babadavood anbaran Friday mosque


and a few ancient bridges. In addition to these, in many villages of Ardabil, relics of ancient monuments, including tombs have been found.

Being a city of great antiquity, the origins of Ardabil go back 4000 to 6000 years (according to historical research in this city). This city was the capital of Azerbaijan province in different times, but its golden age was in the Safavid period.

Geology


Many hot springs and beautiful natural landscapes are in Ardabil and around which attract tourists. The mineral springs of Ardabil (Beele-Darreh, Sar'eyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo) are notable throughout Iran for their medicinal qualities.

Many beauty lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shorabil
Shorabil
Shorabil is a lake located in a hilly area south of the Iranian city of Ardabil. Ardabil University is located near the lake....

, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Aloocheh that are the habitats of some species of water birds. The beautiful Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km² and has an average depth of 3 metres. It is fed by springs in the lake bed.
Attraction Description
Lake Shorabil
Shorabil
Shorabil is a lake located in a hilly area south of the Iranian city of Ardabil. Ardabil University is located near the lake....

located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m². The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, being useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex of Shorabil
Shorabil
Shorabil is a lake located in a hilly area south of the Iranian city of Ardabil. Ardabil University is located near the lake....

.
Baliqly Chay River Meaning "a river with many fish" in Azarbayjani language, this river originates from the Sabalan Mountains and passes through Ardabil city. As a result, many villages and townships have settled around this river. It also irrigates much of the agricultural lands in this province.
Sabalan (Savalan) mountain Sabalan
Sabalan
Sabalan is an inactive stratovolcano in Ardabil province of northwestern Iran. It is the third highest mountain in Iran with a permanent crater lake formed at its summit. Sabalan has a ski resort and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa...

 ( Sabalân; also called Sāvālān) is an inactive stratovolcano
Stratovolcano
A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a tall, conical volcano built up by many layers of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash. Unlike shield volcanoes, stratovolcanoes are characterized by a steep profile and periodic, explosive eruptions...

 in Meshkinshahr
Meshkinshahr
Meshgin Shahr is a city in and the capital of Meshgin Shahr County, in Ardabil Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 61,296, in 14,920 families....

 Ardabil province
Ardabil Province
Ardabil Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the north west of the country, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan. Its centre is the city of Ardabil...

 of northwestern Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

 about 20 miles west of Arbadil. Sabalan is the third highest mountain in Iran and a permanent crater lake
Crater lake
A crater lake is a lake that forms in a volcanic crater or caldera, such as a maar; less commonly and with lower association to the term a lake may form in an impact crater caused by a meteorite. Sometimes lakes which form inside calderas are called caldera lakes, but often this distinction is not...

 has formed at the summit. Sabalan has a ski resort
Ski resort
A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing and other winter sports. In Europe a ski resort is a town or village in a ski area - a mountainous area, where there are ski trails and supporting services such as hotels and other accommodation, restaurants, equipment rental and a ski lift system...

 (Alvares) and different tourist areas such as the Sarein
Sarein
Sareyn is a city in and the capital of Sareyn County, in Ardabil Province, Iran. Sareyn is known for its hot springs. The population is about 8000, and increases to more than 20000 in the summer because of the many tourists who go there due to the charming climate. It stands 28 km from...

 spa. The mountain is known for its beautiful vistas, including the Shirvan gorge, where few climbers ever venture.

Colleges and universities

  • Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
    Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
    Ardabil University of Medical Sciences , is a medical university in Ardabil Province of Iran.Located in north-west of Iran in the city of Ardabil, the university was established in 1993...

  • Mohaghegh Ardabili University
    Mohaghegh Ardabili University
    Mohaghegh Ardabili University is a university in Ardabil Province of Iran.Established in 1978 as "The Agricultural Institute" under the supervision of Tabriz University, it became independent in 1996 as a separate university.The university currently offers 79 degrees in 5 colleges....

  • Islamic Azad University of Ardabil
  • Payam Noor University of Ardabil
  • Soureh University of Ardabil
  • Islamic Azad University of Khalkhal

Economy


The economy of Ardabil is partially agricultural, partially tourist based, with some industries in operation.

The Iranian government in 2006 announced plans to build "the largest textile factory of its kind in the Middle East" in Ardabil.

Arta Industrial Group
Arta Industrial Group
The Arta Industrial Group is a multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Tehran, Iran. In terms of market capitalization and revenues, Arta Group is one of the largest private corporate group in Iran....

 (AIG) has one of the largest textile conglomerates in Iran, which is located in the provinces called Qazvin
Qazvin
Qazvin is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin in Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 349,821, in 96,420 families....

 and Ardabil. The group has received numerous awards for being one of the top 20 exporters and industrial groups in Iran since 1998. It is the first company to produce high-density fiberboard
Hardboard
Hardboard, also called high-density fiberboard , not to be confused with 'hardwood', is a type of fiberboard, which is an engineered wood product....

 (HDF), medium-density fiberboard (MDF), laminate
Laminate
A laminate is a material that can be constructed by uniting two or more layers of material together. The process of creating a laminate is lamination, which in common parlance refers to the placing of something between layers of plastic and gluing them with heat and/or pressure, usually with an...

 flooring
Flooring
Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering. Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface...

 and multi-layer films in Iran.

AIG has the first private industrial site in Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

 in the city of Ardabil, which has fifteen main factories owned by (AIG). This Industrial zone covers an area of 100 hectares and Residential Area for engineers and managers of the company.

The town has an airport
Ardabil Airport
Ardabil Airport is an airport northeast of Ardabil, in northwestern Iran.-Airlines and destinations:...


Notable people from Ardabil



Arts and music

  • Javad Alizadeh, cartoonist.
  • Nasrollah Nasehpoor, singer in Iranian classical vocalists.
  • Rubaba Muradova
    Rubaba Muradova
    Rubaba Khalil qizi Muradova , born Rubaba Ishragi , was an Azerbaijani opera and folk singer.-Life and career:...

    , opera, folk singer Maqam
    Arabic maqam
    Arabic maqām is the system of melodic modes used in traditional Arabic music, which is mainly melodic. The word maqam in Arabic means place, location or rank. The Arabic maqam is a melody type...

    .

Clergy and religious

  • Abdolkarim Mousavi Ardabili, Iranian politician.
  • Rahim Moazzen Zadeh Ardabili
    Rahim Moazzen Zadeh Ardabili
    Rahim Moazzen Zadeh Ardabili was a prominent Shia Moazzen in Iran.He was born in Ardabil Province in a very religious family. His father Abdul Karim Moazzen Zadeh Ardabili was himself the first Moazzen to call azaan. When Sheikh Abdul Karim Moazzen Zadeh Ardabili called out to prayer , his voice...

    , son and successor of Abdul Karim Moazzen Zadeh Ardabili, recorded his Azaan in 1955
  • Safi-ad-din Ardabili, Spiritual leader in 13th century.
  • Sadegh Khalkhali, Iranian Islamist

Poets and writers

  • Baba Safari, historian.
  • Madina Gulgun
    Madina Gulgun
    Madina Gulgun , born Madina Nurulla qizi Alakbarzadeh , was an Iranian-Azerbaijani poetess.-Early life and political involvement:...

    , Azerbaijani poet.
  • Mir Jalal Pashayev
    Mir Jalal Pashayev
    Mir Jalal Pashayev , , known by his literary pen-name Mir Jalal, was an Azerbaijani writer and literary critic...

    , writer and literary critic.
  • Sadrol Mamalek Ardabili
    Sadrol Mamalek Ardabili
    Sadrolmamalek Ardabili was one of the scholars of 19th century . He was so gifted in language eloquence that made him a learned scholar of his era. Finished his primary education in Ardabil and completed it in Isfahan...

    , writer.


Politicians and reformers

  • Babak Khorramdin
    Babak Khorramdin
    Bābak Khorram-Din was one of the main Persian revolutionary leaders of the Iranian Khorram-Dinān , which was a local freedom movement fighting the Abbasid Caliphate. Khorramdin appears to be a compound analogous to dorustdin and Behdin "Good Religion" , and are considered an offshoot of...

    , ancient revolutionary leader fighting the Abbasid Caliphate in Iran.
  • Ismail I
    Ismail I
    Ismail I , known in Persian as Shāh Ismāʿil , was a Shah of Iran and the founder of the Safavid dynasty which survived until 1736. Isma'il started his campaign in Azerbaijan in 1500 as the leader of the Safaviyya, an extremist heterodox Twelver Shi'i militant religious order and unified all of Iran...

    , founder of the Safavid dynasty
    Safavid dynasty
    The Safavid dynasty was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran. They ruled one of the greatest Persian empires since the Muslim conquest of Persia and established the Twelver school of Shi'a Islam as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning...

    .
  • Jafar Pishevari
    Jafar Pishevari
    Sayyed Ja'far Pishevari was the founder and chairman of separatist and communist Azerbaijan People's Government , created and supported by Soviet occupational forces in north-western Iran.-Life:...

    , founder and chairman of separatist and communist Azerbaijan People's Government
    Azerbaijan People's Government
    The Azerbaijan People's Government was a short-lived, Soviet-backed client state in northern Iran. Established in Iranian Azerbaijan, the APG's capital was the city of Tabriz...

    , created and supported by Soviet occupational forces in north-western Iran
    Iran
    Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

    .
  • Rahman Dadman
    Rahman Dadman
    Rahman Dadman was an Iranian politician born in Ardabil. He was the Minister of Roads and Transportation, under President Mohammad Khatami until May 18, 2001 when he died in an air accident with about 30 other passengers in the crash of an Iranian YAK-40 plane, 13 miles from the city of Sari, Iran...

    , former Minister of Roads and Transportation of Iran.
  • Sayyid hossein Ardabili
    Sayyid hossein Ardabili
    Sayyid Hossein Ardabili was an Iranian politician.He and completed his primary education with professor Mirza Mohammad Ali Mirakhor Oghlu in Ardabil.He went to Mashhad via Ghafghaz and acquainted with its liberals and was one of the gifted students in Mashhad.There, he founded Khorasan magazine...

    , member of Demokrat party
    Iranian Constitutional Revolution
    The Persian Constitutional Revolution or Iranian Constitutional Revolution took place between 1905 and 1907...

     in Tehran and Mashhad.

Sport

  • Rahim Aliabadi
    Rahim Aliabadi
    Rahim Aliabadi is an Iranian wrestler who won a silver medal in Greco-Roman at the 1972 Summer Olympics.-References:*...

    , Men’s Greco-Roman Wrestling.
  • Ali Daei
    Ali Daei
    Ali Daei is an Iranian retired football player and former national team coach who currently manages a local Iranian team, Rah Ahan. He is a former captain of the Iran national football team, and is the world's all-time leading goalscorer in international matches...

    , football
    Football (soccer)
    Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball...

     player
  • Hossein Rezazadeh
    Hossein Rezazadeh
    Hossein Rezazadeh is an Iranian former world and double Olympic champion in Olympic weightlifting. He is also a world record holder in the clean and jerk and considered as one of the greatest weightlifters of all time.- Career :...

    , weightlifter and the current world record holder in the sport.
  • Yahya Golmohammadi
    Yahya Golmohammadi
    Yahya Golmohammadi is a retired Iranian football player. His position usually was the central defender. He is currently with Tarbiat Yazd as a manager and has now retired from the Iranian national football team...

    , football player.
  • Karim Ansarifard
    Karim Ansarifard
    Karim Ansarifard is an Iranian footballer who plays for Saipa in Iran Pro League as a Striker and is part of the Iran national football team . His playing style and ability have drawn comparisons to Ali Daei who scouted him and he was declared as Daei's "successor".World Soccer selected...

    , youngest football player in Team Melli Iran to score the most goals.

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