American Chemical Society

American Chemical Society

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The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry is the science of matter, especially its chemical reactions, but also its composition, structure and properties. Chemistry is concerned with atoms and their interactions with other atoms, and particularly with the properties of chemical bonds....

. Founded in 1876 at New York University
New York University
New York University is a private, nonsectarian research university based in New York City. NYU's main campus is situated in the Greenwich Village section of Manhattan...

, the ACS currently has more than 161,000 members at all degree-levels and in all fields of chemistry, chemical engineering
Chemical engineering
Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with physical science , and life sciences with mathematics and economics, to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms...

, and related fields. It is the world's largest scientific society and one of the leading sources of authoritative scientific information.

The ACS is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. The ACS holds national meetings twice a year covering the complete field of chemistry and also holds dozens of smaller conferences in specific fields. Its publications division produces dozens of scholarly journal
Scientific journal
In academic publishing, a scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past...

s including the prestigious Journal of the American Chemical Society
Journal of the American Chemical Society
The Journal of the American Chemical Society is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society. The journal has absorbed two other publications in its history, the Journal of Analytical and Applied Chemistry and the American Chemical Journal...

. The primary source of income of the ACS is the Chemical Abstracts Service
Chemical Abstracts Service
Chemical Abstracts is a periodical index that provides summaries and indexes of disclosures in recently published scientific documents. Approximately 8,000 journals, technical reports, dissertations, conference proceedings, and new books, in any of 50 languages, are monitored yearly, as are patent...

 and 38 peer-reviewed publications. Chemical & Engineering News
Chemical & Engineering News
Chemical & Engineering News is a weekly magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering...

is the weekly news magazine published by the American Chemical Society and is sent to all members. The ACS membership is organized into 188 geographical Local Sections and 33 Technical Divisions.

The group holds a congressional charter
Congressional charter
A congressional charter is a law passed by the United States Congress that states the mission, authority and activities of a group. Congress issued federal charters from 1791 until 1992 under Title 36 of the United States Code....

 under Title 36 of the United States Code
Title 36 of the United States Code
Title 36 of the United States Code outlines the role of Patriotic Societies and Observances in the United States Code.*Subtitle I—Patriotic and National Observances and Ceremonies*Subtitle II—Patriotic and National Organizations...

.

Origins



The American Chemical Society had its origins in 35 chemists who met on 6 April 1876, at the University Building in the New York University
New York University
New York University is a private, nonsectarian research university based in New York City. NYU's main campus is situated in the Greenwich Village section of Manhattan...

 (titled "University of the City of New York" at that time; its name was officially changed in 1896). Although at that time there was an American science society (American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Association for the Advancement of Science
The American Association for the Advancement of Science is an international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the...

), the growth of chemistry prompted those assembled, including William H. Nichols
William H. Nichols
William Henry Nichols was a famous chemist and businessman who was instrumental in building the chemical supply business in the U.S. The specialty materials business of Honeywell traces its roots back a small sulfuric acid company he started in 1870. Nichols was one of the original founders of the...

, under the direction of Professor Charles F. Chandler
Charles F. Chandler
Charles Frederick Chandler was an American chemist, best known for his regulatory work in public health, sanitation, and consumer safety in New York City, as well as his work in chemical education—first at Union College and then, for the majority of his career, at Columbia University where he...

 of the Columbia School of Mines, to found the American Chemical Society, which would focus more directly on theoretical and applied chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry is the science of matter, especially its chemical reactions, but also its composition, structure and properties. Chemistry is concerned with atoms and their interactions with other atoms, and particularly with the properties of chemical bonds....

. The society, Chandler said, would “prove a powerful and healthy stimulus to original research, … would awaken and develop much talent now wasting in isolation, … [bring] members of the association into closer union, and ensure a better appreciation of our science and its students on the part of the general public.”

A formal vote for organization was taken, a constitution was adopted, and officers were selected. Chandler was an obvious choice as president since he had been instrumental in establishing the society. However, he felt that New York University
New York University
New York University is a private, nonsectarian research university based in New York City. NYU's main campus is situated in the Greenwich Village section of Manhattan...

 Professor John William Draper
John William Draper
John William Draper was an American scientist, philosopher, physician, chemist, historian, and photographer. He is credited with producing the first clear photograph of a female face and the first detailed photograph of the Moon...

 had the reputation as a scientist to lead a national organization. At the age of 65, Draper was elected as the first president of the American Chemical Society and the headquarters was located in New York. Draper’s presidency was important more due to his name and reputation than his active participation in the society.

Past presidents of the ACS include noted chemists Glenn T. Seaborg
Glenn T. Seaborg
Glenn Theodore Seaborg was an American scientist who won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements", contributed to the discovery and isolation of ten elements, and developed the actinide concept, which led to the current arrangement of the...

 (1976), Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
Linus Carl Pauling was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, and educator. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists of the 20th century...

 (1949), and George C. Pimentel
George C. Pimentel
George Claude Pimentel was the inventor of the chemical laser. He also developed the modern technique of matrix isolation in low-temperature chemistry. In theoretical chemistry, he proposed the three-centre four-electron bond which is now accepted as the best simple model of hypervalent...

 (1986).

Educational activities


ACS states that it offers teacher training to support the professional development of science teachers so they can better present chemistry in the classroom, foster the scientific curiosity of our nation’s youth and encourage future generations to pursue scientific careers.

The American Chemical Society sponsors the United States National Chemistry Olympiad
United States National Chemistry Olympiad
The United States National Chemistry Olympiad is a contest held by the American Chemical Society used to select the four-student team that represents the United States at the International Chemistry Olympiad ....

 (USNCO), a contest used to select the four-member team that represents the United States at the International Chemistry Olympiad
International Chemistry Olympiad
The International Chemistry Olympiad is an annual academic competition for high school students. It is one of the International Science Olympiads....

 (IChO).

The ACS Division of Chemical Education provides standardized tests for various subfields of chemistry. The two most commonly-used tests are the undergraduate-level tests for general and organic chemistry. Each of these tests consists of 70 multiple-choice questions, and gives students 120 minutes to complete the exam.

The American Chemical Society grants membership to undergraduates as student affiliates provided they can pay the $45 yearly dues. Any university may start its own chapter of the Student Affiliates of the American Chemical Society (SAACS) and receive benefits of undergraduate participation in regional conferences and discounts on ACS publications.

The ACS also approves certified undergraduate programs in chemistry. A student who completes the required laboratory and course work—sometimes in excess of what a particular college may require for its Bachelor's degree
Bachelor's degree
A bachelor's degree is usually an academic degree awarded for an undergraduate course or major that generally lasts for three or four years, but can range anywhere from two to six years depending on the region of the world...

--is considered by the Society to be well trained for professional work.

The ACS also coordinates National Chemistry Week
National Chemistry Week
National Chemistry Week is an annual event held in the USA to raise public awareness of the importance of chemistry in everyday life. It is coordinated by the American Chemical Society ....

 as part of its educational outreach.

Pre-web


In 1990, Dialog
Dialog (online database)
Dialog is an online information service owned by ProQuest, who acquired it from Thomson Reuters in mid-2008.Dialog was one of the predecessors of the World Wide Web as a provider of information, though not in form. The earliest form of the Dialog system was completed in 1966 under the direction of...

 filed a lawsuit against the ACS, claiming the Sherman Antitrust Act
Sherman Antitrust Act
The Sherman Antitrust Act requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of violating the Act. It was the first Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies, and today still forms the basis for most antitrust litigation by...

 had been violated in ACS's attempts to monopolize access to chemical literature. The ACS countersued, claiming that Dialog owed money for the use of the chemical abstracts. The legal battle went on for several years, until it was resolved out of court in 1993.

Opposition to PubChem


The ACS has been criticized for opposing the creation of PubChem
PubChem
PubChem is a database of chemical molecules and their activities against biological assays. The system is maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information , a component of the National Library of Medicine, which is part of the United States National Institutes of Health . PubChem can...

, which is an open access chemical database
Chemical database
A chemical database is a database specifically designed to store chemical information. This information is about chemical and crystal structures, spectra, reactions and syntheses, and thermophysical data.- Chemical structures :...

 maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information
National Center for Biotechnology Information
The National Center for Biotechnology Information is part of the United States National Library of Medicine , a branch of the National Institutes of Health. The NCBI is located in Bethesda, Maryland and was founded in 1988 through legislation sponsored by Senator Claude Pepper...

. The ACS raised concerns that the publicly supported PubChem database appears to directly compete with their existing Chemical Abstracts Service
Chemical Abstracts Service
Chemical Abstracts is a periodical index that provides summaries and indexes of disclosures in recently published scientific documents. Approximately 8,000 journals, technical reports, dissertations, conference proceedings, and new books, in any of 50 languages, are monitored yearly, as are patent...

. The ACS has a strong financial interest in the issue since the Chemical Abstracts Service generates a large percentage of the society's revenue. To advocate their position against the PubChem database, ACS has actively lobbied the US Congress. They are reported to have paid the lobbying firm Hicks Partners LLC at least $100,000 in 2005 to try to persuade congressional members, the NIH, and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), against establishing a publicly funded database. They also were reported to have spent $180,000 to hire Wexler & Walker Public Policy Associates to promote the 'use of [a] commercial database.' In a May 23, 2005, press release, the ACS stated:
The ACS believes strongly that the Federal Government should not seek to become a taxpayer supported publisher. By collecting, organizing, and disseminating small molecule information whose creation it has not funded and which duplicates CAS services, NIH has started ominously, down the path to unfettered scientific publishing...

Stance against open access


The journal Nature
Nature (journal)
Nature, first published on 4 November 1869, is ranked the world's most cited interdisciplinary scientific journal by the Science Edition of the 2010 Journal Citation Reports...

reported that ACS had hired a public relations firm, Dezenhall Resources, to counter the open access movement. Scientific American
Scientific American
Scientific American is a popular science magazine. It is notable for its long history of presenting science monthly to an educated but not necessarily scientific public, through its careful attention to the clarity of its text as well as the quality of its specially commissioned color graphics...

later reported that ACS had spent over $200,000 to hire Wexler & Walker Public Policy Association to lobby against open access.

Google lawsuit


An ACS lawsuit against Google
Google
Google Inc. is an American multinational public corporation invested in Internet search, cloud computing, and advertising technologies. Google hosts and develops a number of Internet-based services and products, and generates profit primarily from advertising through its AdWords program...

, claiming that Google Scholar
Google Scholar
Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Released in beta in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online journals of Europe and America's largest...

 infringed on its SciFinder Scholar, was settled out of court in 2006.

Executive compensation


In 2004, when the current executive director of the ACS, Madeleine Jacobs, assumed her position, it included the use of two Cadillac cars and a chauffeur that her predecessor, John Crum, had acquired. Jacobs later auctioned off the cars and let go of the chauffeur.

In 2007, Madeline Jacobs was reported to receive a salary of over $800,000 per year. The salaries of the ACS executives (executive director, treasurer, and secretary) are decided by the Standing Committee on Executive Compensation which is composed of the "president, the immediate past president, the chair of the society committee on budget and finance, and two members of the society with demonstrated expertise in senior and executive staff compensation."

Journals and magazines



  • Accounts of Chemical Research
    Accounts of Chemical Research
    Accounts of Chemical Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1968 by the American Chemical Society. ACR is currently indexed/abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts Service , British Library, CABI, EBSCOhost, Proquest, PubMed, SCOPUS, SwetsWise and Web of Science.The current...

  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 2009 by the American Chemical Society. The current editor in chief is Kirk S. Schanze...

  • ACS Catalysis
    ACS Catalysis
    ACS Catalysis will be an online monthly, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering original research on heterogeneous catalysis, homogeneous catalysis, and bio-catalysis...

  • ACS Chemical Biology
    ACS Chemical Biology
    ACS Chemical Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 2006 by the American Chemical Society. The journal covers research at the interface between chemistry and biology spanning all aspects of chemical biology...

  • ACS Nano
    ACS Nano
    ACS Nano is a monthly, peer-reviewed, scientific journal, first published in August 2007 by the American Chemical Society. The current editor in chief is Paul S. Weiss . The journal publishes original research articles, reviews, perspectives, interviews with distinguished researchers, views on the...

  • ACS Chemical Neuroscience
    ACS Chemical Neuroscience
    ACS Chemical Neuroscience is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society. It covers original research on the molecular underpinnings of nerve function in organisms and animal models. The journal was established in September, 2009, ahead of the publication of the...

  • ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
    ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
    ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the field of medicinal chemistry. Founded in 2009, this online journal was published monthly by the American Chemical Society in 2010 and then bi-monthly in 2011....

  • Analytical Chemistry
    Analytical Chemistry (journal)
    Analytical Chemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1929 by the American Chemical Society. It is currently indexed/abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts Service, CABI, EBSCOhost, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science...

  • Biochemistry
    Biochemistry (journal)
    Biochemistry is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the field of biochemistry. Founded in 1962, the journal is published weekly by the American Chemical Society, with 51 annual issues. The journal's 2009 impact factor was 3.226, and it received a total of 93,328 citations in 2009.Since 2004, the...

  • Bioconjugate Chemistry
  • Biomacromolecules
    Biomacromolecules
    Biomacromolecules is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 2000 by the American Chemical Society. Biomacromolecules is currently indexed in Chemical Abstracts Service , SCOPUS, EBSCOhost, British Library, PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and SwetsWise. , the editor in chief is...

  • Chemical & Engineering News
    Chemical & Engineering News
    Chemical & Engineering News is a weekly magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering...


  • Chemical Research in Toxicology
    Chemical Research in Toxicology
    Chemical Research in Toxicology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1988 by the American Chemical Society. CRT is currently indexed/abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts Service , SCOPUS, EBSCOhost, British Library, PubMed, CABI, Web of Science, and SwetsWise.As of February 2009,...

  • Chemical Reviews
    Chemical Reviews
    Chemical Reviews , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1924 by the American Chemical Society. As the name indicates, it publishes comprehensive, critical reviews of an area rather than original research...

  • Chemistry of Materials
    Chemistry of Materials
    Chemistry of Materials is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1980 by the American Chemical Society. Chemistry of Materials is currently indexed in: Chemical Abstracts Service , SCOPUS, EBSCOhost, British Library, Swetswise, and Web of Science.The current Editor is Professor Leonard V...

  • Crystal Growth & Design
    Crystal Growth & Design
    Crystal Growth & Design is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society. It was established in January 2001 as a bimonthly journal and changed to a monthly frequency in 2006. The editor-in-chief is Robin D...

  • Energy & Fuels
    Energy & Fuels
    Energy & Fuels is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1987 by the American Chemical Society. E&F is currently indexed in: CAS, SCOPUS, EBSCOHost, Thomson-Gale, British Library, and Web of Science....

  • Environmental Science & Technology
    Environmental Science & Technology
    Environmental Science & Technology , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1967 by the American Chemical Society. As the name indicates, it publishes original research in environmental science, but also comprehensive, critical reviews. Publication is currently every other week...

  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published under this name since 1970 by the American Chemical Society; however, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry is a forerunner of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. From 1911-1916 it was edited by...

  • Inorganic Chemistry
    Inorganic Chemistry (journal)
    Inorganic Chemistry is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society since 1962. It covers research in all areas of inorganic chemistry...

  • Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1950 by the American Chemical Society. It is currently indexed in: Chemical Abstracts Service , Scopus, ProQuest, PubMed, CABI, Ovid, Web of Science, and SwetsWise.The current Editor-in-Chief is...

  • Journal of the American Chemical Society
    Journal of the American Chemical Society
    The Journal of the American Chemical Society is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society. The journal has absorbed two other publications in its history, the Journal of Analytical and Applied Chemistry and the American Chemical Journal...

  • Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data
    Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data
    The Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1950 by the American Chemical Society. JCED is currently indexed in: Chemical Abstracts Service , SCOPUS, EBSCOhost, Proquest, British Library, PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and SwetsWise.The current...


  • Journal of Chemical Education
    Journal of Chemical Education
    The Journal of Chemical Education is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal available in both print and electronic versions. It is published by the Division of Chemical Education of the American Chemical Society and was established in 1924...

     (Division of Chemical Education)
  • Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
    Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
    The Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1961 by the American Chemical Society...

     (formerly Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences)
  • Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
    Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
    The Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 2005 by the American Chemical Society. It is indexed in Chemical Abstracts Service , Scopus, British Library, and Web of Science. The current editors are William L. Jorgensen and Gustavo E...

  • Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry
    Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry
    The Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1999 by the American Chemical Society. The impact factor in 2007 of this journal was 3.154...

  • Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
    The Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1959 by the American Chemical Society...

  • Journal of Natural Products
    Journal of Natural Products
    The Journal of Natural Products is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, co-published by the American Society of Pharmacognosy and the American Chemical Society.. The editor in chief is A. Douglas Kinghorn .- History :...

    —Copublished with the Am. Soc. of Pharmacognosy
  • Journal of Organic Chemistry
    Journal of Organic Chemistry
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal for original contributions of fundamental research in organic and bioorganic chemistry. It is published by the American Chemical Society. Its 2010 impact factor is 4.002....


  • Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters is a scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society. It was designed to complement the Journal of Physical Chemistry. The editor-in-chief is George C. Schatz...

  • Journal of Physical Chemistry A
    Journal of Physical Chemistry A
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A is a scientific journal which reports research on the chemistry of molecules - including their dynamics, spectroscopy, kinetics, structure, bonding, and quantum chemistry...

  • Journal of Physical Chemistry B
    Journal of Physical Chemistry B
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers research on several fields of material chemistry as well as statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, and biophysical chemistry...

  • Journal of Physical Chemistry C
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C publishes scientific articles reporting research on several subdisciplines of physical chemistry:*Nanoparticles and nanostructures*Surfaces, interfaces, and catalysis*Electron transport, optical and electronic devices...

  • Journal of Proteome Research
    Journal of Proteome Research
    The Journal of Proteome Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 2002 by the American Chemical Society. The current editor-in-chief is William S. Hancock.- Abstracting and indexing :...

  • Langmuir
    Langmuir (journal)
    Langmuir is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1985 by the American Chemical Society. It publishes research in the areas of surface chemistry and colloid chemistry...

  • Macromolecules Journal
  • Molecular Pharmaceutics
    Molecular Pharmaceutics
    Molecular Pharmaceutics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 2004 by the American Chemical Society. MP is currently indexed in: Chemical Abstracts Service , SCOPUS, EBSCOhost, British Library, PubMed, CABI, Web of Science, Proquest and SwetsWise.The current Editor is Gordon L...

  • Nano Letters
    Nano Letters
    Nano Letters is a monthly, peer-reviewed, scientific journal, published by the American Chemical Society. It was first published in January 2001. The two Co-Editors-in-Chief are A. Paul Alivisatos and Charles M. Lieber...

  • Organic Letters
    Organic Letters
    Organic Letters , is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published since 1999 by the American Chemical Society....

  • Organic Process Research & Development
    Organic Process Research & Development
    Organic Process Research & Development is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 1997 by the American Chemical Society. It is indexed in Chemical Abstracts Service, Scopus, EBSCOhost, British Library, and Web of Science. The current editor-in-chief is Trevor Laird....

  • Organometallics
    Organometallics
    Organometallics is a journal published by the American Chemical Society. Its area of focus is organometallic, as well as organometalloid chemistry. This peer-reviewed journal received an Impact Factor of 3.888 as reported by the 2010 Journal Citation Reports by Thomson Reuters.The current...



See also

  • ACS style
    ACS style
    The ACS style is a set of standards for writing documents relating to chemistry, including a standard method of citation in academic publications, developed by the American Chemical Society . The printed versions of the ACS style manual are entitled ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of...

     - the ACS citation
    Citation
    Broadly, a citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source . More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression Broadly, a citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source). More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated...

     standard
  • Association for Learned and Professional Society Publishers
    Association for Learned and Professional Society Publishers
    The Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers is an international trade association of non-profit publishers created in 1972 It is the largest association of scholarly and professional publishers in the world, claiming "more than 360 members in 36 countries". It was granted in...

  • Chemists Celebrate Earth Day
    Chemists Celebrate Earth Day
    Earth Day was first officially recognized on April 22, 1970 as a way to demonstrate support for a healthy environment and to make the planet a better place, raise awareness about environmental issues, and remind people that we all need to contribute to a sustainable planet.The American Chemical...

  • List of learned societies
  • List of international professional associations

Further reading

  • H. Skolnik & K. M. Reese (eds) 1976 A Century of Chemistry: The Role of Chemists and the American Chemical Society ACS, Washington, D.C.

External links