A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
night, 7 August 2001, there were 6,821 people (3,287 males and 3,534 females) counted in Young. There were 238 people (1.221%) (127 males and 111 females) who identified as being of Indigenous origin in the 2001 Census. The median age of people in the 2001 Census was 36 years
The number of people born overseas in the 2001 Census was 650 (5.8%) compared with 589 (5.3%) in the 1996 Census and 549 (5.1%) in the 1991 Census. Of those born overseas, the three main countries of birth in the 2001 Census were:
- United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...
: 253 (2.2%)
- New Zealand
New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses and numerous smaller islands. The country is situated some east of Australia across the Tasman Sea, and roughly south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga...
: 74 (0.7%) and;
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...
: 34 (0.3%).
In the 2001 Census, the three most common ancestries identified with were:
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...
n: 5741 people (50.9%)
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...
: 4022 people (35.7%) and;
Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...
: 1309 people (11.6%).
English was stated as the only language spoken at home by 10547 people (92.6%) in the 2001 Census. The three most common languages spoken at home other than English in the 2001 Census were:
- Arabic (including Lebanese): 130 (1.8%)
- Dutch: 24 (0.2%) and;
- Chinese languages: 20 (0.2%).
In the week preceding the 2001 Census, 3333 people (29.6%) had used a personal computer at home. 407 (4.8%) people (154 males and 253 females) held a bachelor degree. 6140 (72.1%) people (2775 males and 3365 females) did not have a qualification. 349 people (194 males and 155 females) were unemployed, representing 7.1% of the labour force. The median weekly individual income for people aged 15 years and over in the 2001 Census was $300–$399. In the 2001 Census, there were 3847 separate houses (89.0%), 141 semi detached, row or terrace houses and townhouses (3.3%), 227 flats, units or apartments (5.3%) and 97 other dwellings (2.2%). In the 2001 Census, there were 1378 couple families with children (which comprised 45.6% of all families in occupied private dwellings), 1149 couple families without children (38.1%), 445 one parent families (14.7%) and 47 other families (1.6%).
Young has seven schools:
- Bellhaven Special School
Bellhaven Special School was an educational facility for persons with a physical disability or a mental disability located in Young, New South Wales, Australia. It educated students between the ages of 5 and 24 years. It served Young and nearby towns like Boorowa and Cootamundra...
- St Mary's Primary School
- M-E-T School Young Campus
- Young North Primary School
- Young Public School
- Hennessy Catholic College
- Young High School
- Young Yabbies is a rugby union team playing in the Southern Inland Rugby Union competition.
- Young Cherrypickers is a rugby league team playing in the Group 9
Group 9 is a rugby league competition based around the surrounding areas of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales. The competition is played in five grades, these being the under 16s , the under 18s , women's league-tag, Reserve Grade and the XXXX Gold Group 9 First Grade.-History:Group 9 Rugby League was...
- Young Saints is an Australian football team playing in the Central West AFL
The Central West Australian Football League is an Australian rules football competition in the Central West region of New South Wales. The league was formed in 1982 and currently includes teams from Bathurst, Cowra, Dubbo, Orange, Parkes and Young....
- Young Lions is a soccer club fielding teams that play in the Bathurst District Soccer Senior Mens and Senior Women's competition.
- Burrangong Argus 1864-1914 (became the Young Witness)
- Burrangong Chronicle 1873-1902 (became the Young Chronicle)
- Burrangong Courier 1962 (ceased publication)
- The Lambing Flat Miner 1862-1961 (ceased publication)
- Young Chronicle 1902-1947 (incorporated in The Young Witness)
- The Young Witness 1914-
- 2LF AM 1350 (commercial),
- ROCCY FM FM 93.9 (commercial),
- SBS FM 98.7 (retransmission),
- JJJ 90.7,
- Radio National 89.1/97.1,
- ABC Riverina 89.9/96.3,
- Classic FM 88.3,
- Position 92.3 Young FM (community radio
Community radio is a type of radio service, that offers a third model of radio broadcasting beyond commercial broadcasting and public broadcasting. Community stations can serve geographic communities and communities of interest...
), broadcasting on a six month community radio license from the Australian Communications and Media Authority
The Australian Communications and Media Authority is an Australian government statutory authority within the Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy portfolio...
, broadcasts on 2YYY
2YYY is an community radio station which broadcasts on 92.3 MHz FM on a temporary community radio broadcasting licence in Young, New South Wales which begin broadcasting in September 2004.-History:...
The Lambing Flat Chinese Tribute Gardens
Young Shire Council has established these gardens adjacent to the site of Chinamans Dam, which is an old railway dam about 4 km south of Young. They are intended to create an ambience similar to the Japanese Gardens at Cowra. Chinamans Dam, with an initial capacity of over 2 million impgals (9,092.2 m³) when it was in railway use, is situated at a very small place called Pitstone on Sawpit Gully. The story goes that the dam was built in the 1860s by Dutch brothers, Herman and John Tiedemann, to provide water for the sluicing of their Victoria Hill gold claims. At some time in the 1870s, the brothers sold the area, including the dam, to a Chinese group who worked the site.
The story of the dam as a railway facility began in 1882 when the NSW Railway Commissioners gave notice of the intention to build the first part of the Blayney-Demondrille railway
The Blayney-Demondrille railway line is a railway line in New South Wales, Australia. It is used mainly for grain haulage. The line is owned by the NSW government, however in 2004 the Australian Rail Track Corporation became responsible for operations over the line. The Lachlan Valley Railway...
. To provide water for its steam locomotives, the Commissioners decided to provide a dam and pump water from it to a facility, known as Young Tank, at the 246 miles (395.9 km) post. It is not known whether the railways enhanced the existing dam or built a new facility.
From 1885 to 1901, locomotives stopped at Young Tank to replenish their water. In 1901, watering facilities were built at Young Station. The supply of water was obtained from Chinamans Dam. The capacity of the dam was enlarged in 1911.
The dam was a popular spot for swimming. Whilst officially frowned upon, it was tolerated.
Following the connection to the South West Tablelands Water Supply Scheme, which provided water from Burrinjuck Dam
Burrinjuck Dam is a high, concrete gravity dam on the Murrumbidgee River approximately 60 km from Yass, New South Wales, Australia. The Yass and Goodradigbee Rivers flow into the dam. The dam divides the upper and lower catchment of the Murrumbidgee and is the headwater storage for the...
, the railways ceased to draw water from Chinamans Dam after 1936. The site was returned to the Crown in 1962 and in the following year, a 36 acres (14.6 ha) reserve was established and the Shire Council appointed as Trustees. The dam has since been enlarged.