Wuhan University

Wuhan University

Overview
Wuhan University is a university located in Wuchang, Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

, China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

. It is directly under the administration of the Ministry of Education
Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China , formerly Ministry of Education, Central People's Government from 1949 to 1954, State Education Commission from 1985 to 1998, is headquartered in Beijing. It is the agency of the State Council which regulates all aspects of the...

 of the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

. It is regarded as one of the top ten universities in China, and its history dates back to 1893, making it one of China's oldest institutions of higher learning. It was also one of the first modern "national universities" in post-dynastic China
Republic of China (1912–1949)
In 1911, after over two thousand years of imperial rule, a republic was established in China and the monarchy overthrown by a group of revolutionaries. The Qing Dynasty, having just experienced a century of instability, suffered from both internal rebellion and foreign imperialism...

.
It is located in Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

 province's capital, Wuhan
Wuhan
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and is the most populous city in Central China. It lies at the east of the Jianghan Plain, and the intersection of the middle reaches of the Yangtze and Han rivers...

, known as "the nine provinces' leading thoroughfare".

The university dates back to the Ziqiang Institute (Simplified Chinese: 自强学堂; Traditional Chinese: 自強學堂; Pinyin: Zìqiáng Xuétáng ), which was founded in 1893 by Zhang Zhidong
Zhang Zhidong
Zhang Zhidong ; Pseudonyms: Xiāngtāo , Xiāngyán , Yīgōng , Wújìng-Jūshì , later Bàobīng ; Posthumous name: Wénxiāng ) was an eminent Chinese politician during the late Qing Dynasty who advocated for controlled reform...

 张之洞, governor of Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

 and Hunan
Hunan
' is a province of South-Central China, located to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting...

 Provinces in the late Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
The Qing Dynasty was the last dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917. It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China....

.
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Encyclopedia
Wuhan University is a university located in Wuchang, Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

, China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

. It is directly under the administration of the Ministry of Education
Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China , formerly Ministry of Education, Central People's Government from 1949 to 1954, State Education Commission from 1985 to 1998, is headquartered in Beijing. It is the agency of the State Council which regulates all aspects of the...

 of the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

. It is regarded as one of the top ten universities in China, and its history dates back to 1893, making it one of China's oldest institutions of higher learning. It was also one of the first modern "national universities" in post-dynastic China
Republic of China (1912–1949)
In 1911, after over two thousand years of imperial rule, a republic was established in China and the monarchy overthrown by a group of revolutionaries. The Qing Dynasty, having just experienced a century of instability, suffered from both internal rebellion and foreign imperialism...

.
It is located in Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

 province's capital, Wuhan
Wuhan
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and is the most populous city in Central China. It lies at the east of the Jianghan Plain, and the intersection of the middle reaches of the Yangtze and Han rivers...

, known as "the nine provinces' leading thoroughfare".

History


The university dates back to the Ziqiang Institute (Simplified Chinese: 自强学堂; Traditional Chinese: 自強學堂; Pinyin: Zìqiáng Xuétáng ), which was founded in 1893 by Zhang Zhidong
Zhang Zhidong
Zhang Zhidong ; Pseudonyms: Xiāngtāo , Xiāngyán , Yīgōng , Wújìng-Jūshì , later Bàobīng ; Posthumous name: Wénxiāng ) was an eminent Chinese politician during the late Qing Dynasty who advocated for controlled reform...

 张之洞, governor of Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

 and Hunan
Hunan
' is a province of South-Central China, located to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting...

 Provinces in the late Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
The Qing Dynasty was the last dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917. It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China....

. Later, it changed its name several times before it was named National Wuhan University in July 1928, and was among the first group of national universities in modern China. Feb, 1929, the jurist Wang Shijie became the first president of Wuhan University. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Wuhan University moved to Leshan
Leshan
-Administrative divisions:-Transport:There is a passenger rail line that serves the Mianyang–Chengdu–Leshan inter-city area.The Chengdu-Leshan Highway with a total length of 160 kilometers, was finished on January 14th, 2000...

, Sichuan Province and returned to Luojia Hill after the war.

By the end of 1946, the university had six colleges: the colleges of liberal arts
Liberal arts
The term liberal arts refers to those subjects which in classical antiquity were considered essential for a free citizen to study. Grammar, Rhetoric and Logic were the core liberal arts. In medieval times these subjects were extended to include mathematics, geometry, music and astronomy...

, law
Law
Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior, wherever possible. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus...

, science
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe...

s, engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

, agriculture
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

 and medicine
Medicine
Medicine is the science and art of healing. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness....

. Wuhan University enjoyed a very high academic status, with Wang Shijie, Wang Xinggong and Zhou Gengsheng as its successive presidents.

A great number of well-known scholars like Gu Hongming
Gu Hongming
Gu Hongming was an Malaysian Chinese man of letters.He also used the pen name "Amoy Ku".-Life:Gu Hongming was born in Penang, Malaysia, the second son of a Chinese rubber plantation superintendent, whose ancestral hometown was Tong'an, Fujian province, China, and his Portuguese wife...

, Zhu Kezhen, Wu Baoliang, Zha Qian, Gui Zhiting, Ye Yage, Li Siguang
Li Siguang
Li Siguang , is the founder of China's geomechanics. According to his daughter, he was a Mongol in China. He made outstanding contributions to changing the situation of "oil deficiency" in the country, enabling the large-scale development of oil fields to raise the country to the ranks of the...

, Wen Yiduo
Wen Yiduo
Wen Yiduo , born Wén Jiāhuá , courtesy names Yǒusān , Youshan , was a Chinese poet and scholar.-Biography:Wen was born in Xishui County, Hubei. After receiving a traditional education he went on to continue studying at the Tsinghua University. In 1922, he traveled to the United States to study fine...

, Huang Kan
Huang Kan
Huang Kan , courtesy name: Jigang , was a Chinese philologist.-Biography:A native of Hubei, he made the acquaintance of Zhang Binglin in Japan, who shared with him the same passion for revolution and philology. Huang became Zhang's comrade and student...

, Yu Dafu
Yu Dafu
Yu Dafu . Born in Fuyang, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, was a modern Chinese short story writer and poet.-Early years:...

, Shen Congwen
Shen Congwen
Shen Congwen was the pen name of a Miao Chinese writer from the May Fourth Movement. He was known for combining the vernacular style of writing with classical Chinese writing techniques, and his writing also reflects a strong influence from western literature. He was born as Shen Yuehuan on 1902...

, Zhu Guangqian
Zhu Guangqian
Zhu Guangqian 朱光潛 is the founder of the study of aesthetics in 20th c. China. After earning his B.A. from Hong Kong University, he went abroad to study aesthetics at the University of Edinburgh and University College, London, then to France and the University of Strasbourg where he earned his...

, Liu Ze, Liu Yongji, Ye Shengtao
Ye Shengtao
Ye Shengtao was a prominent author, educator and publisher. He was one of the founders of the Association for Literary Studies , the first literature association during the May Fourth Movement in China....

, Yang Duanliu and Li Jiannong taught here successively.According to the university, in 1948, the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a university located in Oxford, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest surviving university in the world and the oldest in the English-speaking world. Although its exact date of foundation is unclear, there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096...

 wrote an official letter to the Ministry of Education of the Chinese National Government
Republic of China
The Republic of China , commonly known as Taiwan , is a unitary sovereign state located in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China currently governs the island of Taiwan , which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other minor...

, stating that bachelors of liberal arts and sciences that graduated from Wuhan University with average grades above 80 could enjoy "the senior status of Oxford".

In 1952, after a general reshuffle of the colleges and departments of the higher educational institutions throughout the country, Wuhan University became a key university of liberal arts and sciences directly under the administration of the Ministry of Higher Education. Professor Li Da
Li Da
Li Da was a Chinese Marxist philosopher. Li Da left the Communist Party in the 1920s due to its reformism. However he maintained close ties with the Party and its underground apparatus. Li Da translated many European Marxist works into Chinese. Li Da's most important work was Elements of Sociology...

, Delegate to the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party and a celebrated philosopher, economist and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese Academy of Sciences
The Chinese Academy of Sciences , formerly known as Academia Sinica, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. It is an institution of the State Council of China. It is headquartered in Beijing, with institutes all over the People's Republic of China...

, held the post of president of the university for 14 years. The Wuhan University School of Medicine
Wuhan University School of Medicine
Wuhan University School of Medicine is a medical school in China.The main schools are:*First School of Clinical Medicine *The Second School of Clinical Medicine*School of Basic Medicine...

 and Tongji University Medical School jointly formed Central-south Tongji Medical College (later Wuhan Medical College), then Tongji Medical University.


Merger


On August 2, 2000, with the approval of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, the new Wuhan University was established as a combination of four major universities close together ---- the former Wuhan University, the former Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (WUHEE), the former Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (WTUSM) and the former Hubei Medical University (HBMU).
Note:
  • Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (WUHEE) (Simplified Chinese: 武汉水利电力大学; Traditional Chinese: 武漢水利電力大學; Pinyin: Wǔhàn Shuǐlì Diànlì Dàxué; colloquially 武水, Pinyin: Wǔshuǐ).
  • Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (WTUSM) (Simplified Chinese: 武汉测绘科技大学; Traditional Chinese: 武漢測繪科技大學; Pinyin: Wǔhàn Cèhuì Kējì Dàxué; colloquially 武测, Pinyin: Wǔcè).
  • Hubei Medical University (HBMU) (Simplified Chinese: 湖北医科大学; Traditional Chinese: 湖北醫科大學; Pinyin: Húběi Yīkē Dàxué; colloquially 湖医, Pinyin: Húyī).

The historical evolution of Wuhan University

Year School name
in English
School name
in simplified Chinese
School name
in traditional Chinese
School name
in Pinyin
1893 Ziqiang Institute 自强学堂 自強學堂 Zìqiáng Xuétáng
1902 Foreign Languages Institute 方言学堂 方言學堂 Fāngyán Xuétáng
1913 The National Wuchang Higher Normal College 国立武昌高等师范学校 國立武昌高等師範學校 Guólì Wǔchāng Gāoděng Shīfàn Xuéxiào
1923 The National Wuchang Normal University 国立武昌师范大学 國立武昌師範大學 Guólì Wǔchāng Shīfàn Dàxué
1924 The National Wuchang University 国立武昌大学 國立武昌大學 Guólì Wǔchāng Dàxué
1926 The National Wuchang Zhongshan University 国立武昌中山大学 國立武昌中山大學 Guólì Wǔchāng Zhōngshān Dàxué
1928 National Wuhan University 国立武汉大学 國立武漢大學 Guólì Wǔhàn Dàxué
1949 (the Former) Wuhan University (老) 武汉大学 (老) 武漢大學 (lǎo) Wǔhàn Dàxué
2000 (the New) Wuhan University (新) 武汉大学 (新) 武漢大學 (xīn) Wǔhàn Dàxué

Present


As a comprehensive university, Wuhan University has 53,000 students including 18,000 postgraduates.

Academics


Wuhan University has a solid reputation among Chinese scholars and students, and is one of the leading institutions in education and research in China mainland.

Rankings


Wuhan University is ranked among top 10 universities in China by many media and organizations , and also ranked among top 400 of the world by Times Higher Education (THE) Supplement in 2011 and top 451-500 of the world by QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
The QS World University Rankings is a ranking of the world’s top 500 universities by Quacquarelli Symonds using a method that has published annually since 2004....

.

Schools and Colleges

  • School of Chinese Linguistics and Literature (文学院)
  • History School (历史学院)
  • School of Philosophy (哲学学院)
  • School of Foreign Languages and Literature
    Wuhan University School of Foreign Languages and Literature
    College of Foreign Languages and Literature or CFLL is a college of Wuhan University.The college offers Bachelor and Master programs in English, French, German, Russian,and Japanese languages. The English major program has the largest enrollment. More than 100 students are enrolled in the French...

     (外国语言文学学院)
  • School of Journalism and Communication (新闻与传播学院)
  • Department of Art (艺术学系)
  • School of Information Management (信息管理学院)
  • School of Economics and Management (经济与管理学院)
  • Law School (法学院)
  • School of Political Science and Public Management (政治与公共管理学院)
  • College of Education (教育科学学院)
  • WTO Studies School (WTO学院)
  • Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) (高级研究中心)
  • School of Mathematics and Statistics (数学与统计学院)
  • School of Physics (物理科学与技术学院)
  • College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences (化学与分子科学学院)
  • Wuhan University College of Life Sciences (生命科学学院)]
  • School of Resource and Environmental Science (资源与环境科学学院)
  • College of Pharmacy (药学院)
  • College of Material Science and Engineering (材料科学与工程学院)
  • School of Water Resource and Hydropower (水利水电学院)
  • School of Electrical Engineering (电气工程学院)
  • College of Power and Mechanical Engineering (动力与机械学院)
  • School of Urban Design (城市设计学院)
  • School of Civil Engineering (土木建筑工程学院)
  • School of Computer Science (计算机学院)
  • School of Remote Sensing Information Engineering (遥感信息工程学院)
  • School of Electronic Information (电子信息学院)
  • International School of Software
    Wuhan University International School of Software
    The International School of Software at Wuhan University was established in March 2002. The school is administered independently and has put an emphasis on internationalized education....

     (国际软件学院)
  • School of Geodesy and Geomatics
    Wuhan University School of Geodesy and Geomatics
    School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University is one of 27 schools in Wuhan University, Hubei province in China.-Location:It is located at No.129 Luoyu Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan, Hubei Province.-History:...

     (测绘学院)
  • School of Printing and Packaging (印刷与包装系)
  • School of Medicine
    Wuhan University School of Medicine
    Wuhan University School of Medicine is a medical school in China.The main schools are:*First School of Clinical Medicine *The Second School of Clinical Medicine*School of Basic Medicine...

     (医学院)
  • College of Basic Medicine (基础医学院)
  • School of Nursing (HOPE护理学院)
  • School of Stomatology (口腔医学院)
  • School of Public Health (公共卫生学院)
  • College of Foreign Students Education (留学生教育学院)
  • School of Network Education (网络教育学院)


Campus



The university has rolling physical features with the scenic Luojia Hill and the beautiful East Lake
East Lake (Wuhan)
East Lake is a large lake within the city limits of Wuhan, China, and the largest urban lake in China. Wuhan's East Lake covers an area of 33 square kilometers. It was designated as one of the 4A tourist zones of China in 2000...

. Its campus is heavily wooded and green, with fragrant flowers everywhere year-round. Wuhan University is widely known as one of the most beautiful universities in China,especially for its cherry blossom garden in the spring. A cherry blossom festival is held every spring. Most stylish old buildings were designed by
F. H. Kales (1899-1979)*. Educated in MIT, Mr. Kales was a pioneer to blend western architectural styles with traditional Chinese elements, which is most evident from his roof designs.

Wuhan University boasts a campus covering an area of 5508 mu and has a floor area of 2.42 square kilometres. The university's libraries have a collection of approximately 5.4 million volumes and subscriptions to more than 10,000 Chinese and foreign periodicals.

Reference:
  • Sir Banister Fletcher's a history of architecture, Architectural Press, 1996

Cooperative agreements with other universities and colleges

  • School of Information Management at Wuhan University signed a cooperation agreement with Royal School of Library and Information Science
    Royal School of Library and Information Science
    The Royal School of Library and Information Science is an institution that provides higher education in the field of Library and information science. It is based in Copenhagen and Aalborg, Denmark...

     in Denmark
    Denmark
    Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

     in 2009.
  • Wuhan University will collaborate with Duke University
    Duke University
    Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, United States. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco industrialist James B...

     to build its China campus in Kunshan
    Kunshan
    Kunshan is a satellite city in the greater Suzhou region. Administratively, it is a county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Suzhou. It is located in southeastearn part of Jiangsu Province, China, adjacent to Jiangsu's border with the Shanghai Municipality.The total area of ​​Kunshan...

    , China.

External links