Pieter Brueghel the Elder

Pieter Brueghel the Elder

Overview
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (ˈpitəɾ ˈbɾøːɣəl; c. 1525 – 9 September 1569) was a Flemish renaissance
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting represents the 16th century response to Italian Renaissance art in the Low Countries. These artists, who span from the Antwerp Mannerists and Hieronymus Bosch at the start of the century to the late Northern Mannerists such as Hendrik Goltzius and Joachim...

  painter
Painting
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface . The application of the medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other objects can be used. In art, the term painting describes both the act and the result of the action. However, painting is...

 and printmaker
Printmaking
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints with an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting. Except in the case of monotyping, the process is capable...

 known for his landscapes
Landscape art
Landscape art is a term that covers the depiction of natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, and especially art where the main subject is a wide view, with its elements arranged into a coherent composition. In other works landscape backgrounds for figures can still...

 and peasant
Peasant
A peasant is an agricultural worker who generally tend to be poor and homeless-Etymology:The word is derived from 15th century French païsant meaning one from the pays, or countryside, ultimately from the Latin pagus, or outlying administrative district.- Position in society :Peasants typically...

 scenes (so called genre painting). He is sometimes referred to as the "Peasant Bruegel" to distinguish him from other members of the Brueghel dynasty, but he is also the one generally meant when the context does not make clear which Brueghel is being referred to. From 1559 he dropped the 'h' from his name and signed his paintings as Bruegel.

According to some sources he was born in Breugel
Son en Breugel
Son en Breugel is a municipality in the southern Netherlands just outside of Eindhoven. 15,204 lived in this municipality as of June 1, 2005. Son en Breugel is 26,67 km² . Son en Breugel used to be two different towns 'Son' and 'Breugel'. The border between these towns is made by the stream...

 near the (now Dutch
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

) town of Breda.
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Encyclopedia
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (ˈpitəɾ ˈbɾøːɣəl; c. 1525 – 9 September 1569) was a Flemish renaissance
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting represents the 16th century response to Italian Renaissance art in the Low Countries. These artists, who span from the Antwerp Mannerists and Hieronymus Bosch at the start of the century to the late Northern Mannerists such as Hendrik Goltzius and Joachim...

  painter
Painting
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface . The application of the medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other objects can be used. In art, the term painting describes both the act and the result of the action. However, painting is...

 and printmaker
Printmaking
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints with an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting. Except in the case of monotyping, the process is capable...

 known for his landscapes
Landscape art
Landscape art is a term that covers the depiction of natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, and especially art where the main subject is a wide view, with its elements arranged into a coherent composition. In other works landscape backgrounds for figures can still...

 and peasant
Peasant
A peasant is an agricultural worker who generally tend to be poor and homeless-Etymology:The word is derived from 15th century French païsant meaning one from the pays, or countryside, ultimately from the Latin pagus, or outlying administrative district.- Position in society :Peasants typically...

 scenes (so called genre painting). He is sometimes referred to as the "Peasant Bruegel" to distinguish him from other members of the Brueghel dynasty, but he is also the one generally meant when the context does not make clear which Brueghel is being referred to. From 1559 he dropped the 'h' from his name and signed his paintings as Bruegel.

Life


According to some sources he was born in Breugel
Son en Breugel
Son en Breugel is a municipality in the southern Netherlands just outside of Eindhoven. 15,204 lived in this municipality as of June 1, 2005. Son en Breugel is 26,67 km² . Son en Breugel used to be two different towns 'Son' and 'Breugel'. The border between these towns is made by the stream...

 near the (now Dutch
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

) town of Breda. There are however also records that he was born in Breda, and there is some uncertainty whether the (now Belgian) town of Bree
Bree, Belgium
Bree is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg. On January 1, 2006 Bree had a total population of 14,503. The total area is 64.96 km² which gives it a population density of 223 inhabitants per square km...

, called Breda in Latin, is meant. He was an apprentice of Pieter Coecke van Aelst, whose daughter Mayken he later married. He spent some time in France and Italy, and then went to Antwerp, where in 1551 he was accepted as a master
Master craftsman
A master craftsman or master tradesman was a member of a guild. In the European guild system, only masters were allowed to be members of the guild....

 in the painter's guild. He traveled to Italy soon after, and then returned to Antwerp before settling in Brussels
Brussels
Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

 permanently 10 years later.

He received the nickname 'Peasant Bruegel' or 'Bruegel the Peasant' for his alleged practice of dressing up like a peasant in order to mingle at weddings and other celebrations, thereby gaining inspiration and authentic details for his genre paintings. He died in Brussels on 9 September 1569 and was buried in the Kapellekerk
Kapellekerk
The Église de la Chapelle or Kapellekerk is a Roman Catholic church situated in the Marolles/Marollen district of Brussels, Belgium....

. He was the father of Pieter Brueghel the Younger
Pieter Brueghel the Younger
Pieter Brueghel the Younger /ˈpitəɾ ˈbɾøːxəl/ was a Flemish painter, known for numerous copies after his father Pieter Brueghel the Elder's paintings and nicknamed "Hell Brueghel" for his fantastic treatments of fire and grotesque imagery.-Life:Pieter Brueghel the Younger was the oldest son of the...

 and Jan Brueghel the Elder
Jan Brueghel the Elder
Jan Brueghel the Elder was a Flemish painter, son of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and father of Jan Brueghel the Younger. Nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel, "Flower" Brueghel, and "Paradise" Brueghel, of which the latter two were derived from his floral still lifes which were his favored subjects, while the...

. Both became painters, but as they were very young children when their father died, it is believed neither received any training from him. According to Carel van Mander
Carel van Mander
Karel van Mander was a Flemish-born Dutch painter and poet, who is mainly remembered as a biographer of Netherlandish artists in his Schilder-boeck. As an artist he played an important role in Northern Mannerism in the Netherlands....

, it is likely that they were instructed by their grandmother Mayken Verhulst
Mayken Verhulst
Mayken Verhulst was a sixteenth-century miniature, tempera and watercolor painter, identified by Lodovico Guicciardini in 1567 as one of the most important female artists in the Low Countries.-Life:Mayken Verhulst was born in Mechelen in 1518...

 van Aelst, who was also an artist.

Style


In Bruegel's later years he painted in a simpler style than the Italianate art that prevailed in his time. The most obvious influence on his art is the older Dutch master Hieronymus Bosch, particularly in Bruegel's early "demonological
Demonology
Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. It is the branch of theology relating to superhuman beings who are not gods. It deals both with benevolent beings that have no circle of worshippers or so limited a circle as to be below the rank of gods, and with malevolent...

" paintings such as The Triumph of Death
The Triumph of Death
The Triumph of Death is an oil painting on panel, painted c. 1562 by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. It is in the Museo del Prado in Madrid.The painting is a panoramic landscape: the sky in the distance is blackened by smoke from burning cities and the sea is littered with shipwrecks. Armies of...

and Dulle Griet (Mad Meg)
Dull Gret
Dull Gret, also known as Mad Meg, is the anglicized version of Dulle Griet, a figure of Flemish folklore who is the subject of a 1562 painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. The painting depicts a peasant woman, Mad Meg, who leads an army of women to pillage Hell...

. It was in nature, however, that he found his greatest inspiration as he is identified as being a master of landscapes. It was in these landscapes that Bruegel created a story, seeming to combine several scenes in one painting. Such works can be seen in The Fall of the Rebel Angels and the previously mentioned The Triumph of Death.

Themes


Bruegel specialized in genre painting
Genre painting
Genre works, also called genre scenes or genre views, are pictorial representations in any of various media that represent scenes or events from everyday life, such as markets, domestic settings, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes. Such representations may be realistic, imagined, or...

s populated by peasants, often with a large landscape element, but also painted religious works. Making the life and manners of peasants the main focus of a work was rare in painting in Brueghel's time, and he was a pioneer of the Netherlandish genre painting. His earthy, unsentimental but vivid depiction of the rituals of village life—including agriculture, hunts, meals, festivals, dances, and games—are unique windows on a vanished folk culture and a prime source of iconographic
Iconography
Iconography is the branch of art history which studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images. The word iconography literally means "image writing", and comes from the Greek "image" and "to write". A secondary meaning is the painting of icons in the...

 evidence about both physical and social aspects of 16th century life. For example, the painting Netherlandish Proverbs
Netherlandish Proverbs
Netherlandish Proverbs is a 1559 oil-on-oak-panel painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder which depicts a land populated with literal renditions of Flemish proverbs of the day...

illustrates dozens of then-contemporary aphorism
Aphorism
An aphorism is an original thought, spoken or written in a laconic and memorable form.The term was first used in the Aphorisms of Hippocrates...

s (many of them still in use in current Dutch or Flemish), and Children's Games shows the variety of amusements enjoyed by young people. His winter landscapes of 1565 (e.g. Hunters in the Snow) are taken as corroborative evidence of the severity of winters during the Little Ice Age
Little Ice Age
The Little Ice Age was a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period . While not a true ice age, the term was introduced into the scientific literature by François E. Matthes in 1939...

.

Using abundant spirit and comic power, he created some of the early images of acute social protest in art history. Examples include paintings such as The Fight Between Carnival and Lent
The Fight Between Carnival and Lent
The Fight Between Carnival and Lent is an oil-on-panel work painted by Pieter Bruegel in 1559. This painting depicts a common festival of the period, as celebrated in the Southern Netherlands...

(a satire of the conflicts of the Reformation
Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a 16th-century split within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin and other early Protestants. The efforts of the self-described "reformers", who objected to the doctrines, rituals and ecclesiastical structure of the Roman Catholic Church, led...

) and engravings like The Ass in the School and Strongboxes Battling Piggybanks. On his deathbed he reportedly ordered his wife to burn the most subversive of his drawings to protect his family from political persecution.

Influence


His painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Landscape With The Fall of Icarus
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus is a painting in oil on canvas long thought to be by Pieter Bruegel, although following technical examinations in 1996, that attribution is regarded as very doubtful, and it is now seen as a good early copy by an unknown artist of Bruegel's original, perhaps...

 is the subject of the poem "Musée des Beaux Arts" by W.H. Auden, and also of a poem by William Carlos Williams
William Carlos Williams
William Carlos Williams was an American poet closely associated with modernism and Imagism. He was also a pediatrician and general practitioner of medicine, having graduated from the University of Pennsylvania...

 that also uses Bruegel's title.

Russian film director Andrei Tarkovksy
Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky was a Soviet and Russian filmmaker, writer, film editor, film theorist, theatre and opera director, widely regarded as one of the finest filmmakers of the 20th century....

 referenced Bruegel's paintings in his films several times, notably in Solaris
Solaris (1972 film)
Solaris is a 1972 film adaptation of the novel Solaris , directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. The film is a meditative psychological drama occurring mostly aboard a space station orbiting the fictional planet Solaris. The scientific mission has stalled, because the scientist crew have fallen to...

 and The Mirror
The Mirror (1975 film)
The Mirror is a 1975 Russian film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. It is loosely autobiographical, blending childhood memories, newsreel footage and poems by his father Arseny Tarkovsky...

.

His 1564 painting "The Procession to Calvary" inspired a 2011 film, "The Mill and the Cross
The Mill and the Cross
The Mill and the Cross is a 2011 drama film directed by Lech Majewski and starring Rutger Hauer, Charlotte Rampling and Michael York. It is inspired by Pieter Bruegel the Elder's 1564 painting The Way to Calvary, and based on Michael Francis Gibson's book The Mill and the Cross. The film was a...

", in which Bruegel is played by Rutger Hauer.

Works


There are about 45 authenticated surviving paintings, one third of which are in the Kunsthistorisches Museum
Kunsthistorisches Museum
The Kunsthistorisches Museum is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome...

 in Vienna
Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

. A number of others are known to have been lost. There are a large number of drawings. Brueghel only etched one plate himself, The Rabbit Hunt, but designed many engraving
Engraving
Engraving is the practice of incising a design on to a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing...

s and etching
Etching
Etching is the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio in the metal...

s, mostly for the Cock publishing house
Hieronymus Cock
Jérôme or Hieronymus Cock, or Wellens de Cock was a Flemish painter and etcher of the Northern Renaissance, as well as a publisher and distributor of prints.-Biography:...

.
  • Naval Battle in the Gulf of Naples, 1560, Galleria Doria-Pamphilj, Rome
  • The Fall of the Rebel Angels 1562, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
    Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
    The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium , is one of the most famous museums in Belgium.-The museum:...

    , Brussels
  • The "Little" Tower of Babel, c. 1563, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam
    Rotterdam
    Rotterdam is the second-largest city in the Netherlands and one of the largest ports in the world. Starting as a dam on the Rotte river, Rotterdam has grown into a major international commercial centre...

  • The Procession to Calvary, 1564, Kunsthistorisches Museum
    Kunsthistorisches Museum
    The Kunsthistorisches Museum is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome...

    , Vienna
  • The Adoration of the Kings, 1564, The National Gallery, London
  • Massacre of the Innocents, c. 1567, versions at Royal Collection
    Royal Collection
    The Royal Collection is the art collection of the British Royal Family. It is property of the monarch as sovereign, but is held in trust for her successors and the nation. It contains over 7,000 paintings, 40,000 watercolours and drawings, and about 150,000 old master prints, as well as historical...

    , Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, at Brukenthal National Museum
    Brukenthal National Museum
    The Brukenthal National Museum is a museum, erected in the late of 15th century in Sibiu, Romania, housed in the palace of Samuel von Brukenthal — who was Habsburg governor of Transylvania and who established its first collections around 1790...

    , Sibiu
    Sibiu
    Sibiu is a city in Transylvania, Romania with a population of 154,548. Located some 282 km north-west of Bucharest, the city straddles the Cibin River, a tributary of the river Olt...

    , and at Upton House, Banbury
    Banbury
    Banbury is a market town and civil parish on the River Cherwell in the Cherwell District of Oxfordshire. It is northwest of London, southeast of Birmingham, south of Coventry and north northwest of the county town of Oxford...

  • Winter Landscape with a Bird Trap, 1565, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
    Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
    The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium , is one of the most famous museums in Belgium.-The museum:...

    , Brussels, inv. 8724
  • Landscape with Christ and the Apostles at the Sea of Tiberias, 1553, probably with Maarten de Vos, private collection
  • Ass at School, 1556, drawing, Print room
    Kupferstichkabinett Berlin
    The Kupferstichkabinett, or Museum of Prints and Drawings, is a prints museum in Berlin, Germany. It is part of the Berlin State Museums, and is located in the Kulturforum on Potsdamer Platz...

    , Berlin State Museums
    Berlin State Museums
    The Berlin State Museums, in German Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, are a group of museums in Berlin, Germany overseen by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation and funded by the German federal government in collaboration with Germany's federal states...

  • Parable of the Sower, 1557, Timken Museum of Art, San Diego
  • Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
    Landscape With The Fall of Icarus
    Landscape with the Fall of Icarus is a painting in oil on canvas long thought to be by Pieter Bruegel, although following technical examinations in 1996, that attribution is regarded as very doubtful, and it is now seen as a good early copy by an unknown artist of Bruegel's original, perhaps...

    , c.1554–55, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels – Note: Now seen as a copy of a lost authentic Bruegel painting
  • Netherlandish Proverbs
    Netherlandish Proverbs
    Netherlandish Proverbs is a 1559 oil-on-oak-panel painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder which depicts a land populated with literal renditions of Flemish proverbs of the day...

    , 1559, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
  • The Fight Between Carnival and Lent
    The Fight Between Carnival and Lent
    The Fight Between Carnival and Lent is an oil-on-panel work painted by Pieter Bruegel in 1559. This painting depicts a common festival of the period, as celebrated in the Southern Netherlands...

    , 1559, Kunsthistorisches Museum
    Kunsthistorisches Museum
    The Kunsthistorisches Museum is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome...

    , Vienna
    Vienna
    Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

  • Portrait of an Old Woman, 1560, Alte Pinakothek
    Alte Pinakothek
    The Alte Pinakothek is an art museum situated in the Kunstareal in Munich, Germany. It is one of the oldest galleries in the world and houses one of the most famous collections of Old Master paintings...

    , Munich
  • Children's Games, 1560, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Temperance, 1560
  • Saul (Battle Against The Philistines On The Gilboa), 1562, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Two Small Monkeys, 1562, Staatliche Museen, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
  • The Triumph of Death
    The Triumph of Death
    The Triumph of Death is an oil painting on panel, painted c. 1562 by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. It is in the Museo del Prado in Madrid.The painting is a panoramic landscape: the sky in the distance is blackened by smoke from burning cities and the sea is littered with shipwrecks. Armies of...

    , c. 1562, Museo del Prado
    Museo del Prado
    The Museo del Prado is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid. It features one of the world's finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spanish Royal Collection, and unquestionably the best single collection of...

    , Madrid
    Madrid
    Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...

  • Dulle Griet (Mad Meg)
    Dull Gret
    Dull Gret, also known as Mad Meg, is the anglicized version of Dulle Griet, a figure of Flemish folklore who is the subject of a 1562 painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. The painting depicts a peasant woman, Mad Meg, who leads an army of women to pillage Hell...

    , c. 1562, Museum Mayer van den Bergh
    Museum Mayer van den Bergh
    Museum Mayer van den Bergh is a museum in Antwerp, Belgium. The collection once belonged to art collector Fritz Mayer van den Bergh...

    , Antwerp
  • The Tower of Babel
    The Tower of Babel (Brueghel)
    The Tower of Babel is the subject of three oil paintings by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The first, a miniature painted on ivory, was painted while Bruegel was in Rome and is now lost...

    , 1563, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Flight To Egypt, 1563, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London
  • The Death of the Virgin, 1564, (grisaille
    Grisaille
    Grisaille is a term for painting executed entirely in monochrome or near-monochrome, usually in shades of grey. It is particularly used in large decorative schemes in imitation of sculpture. Many grisailles in fact include a slightly wider colour range, like the Andrea del Sarto fresco...

    ), Upton House, Banbury
  • The Months. A cycle of probably 6 paintings of the months or seasons, of which five remain:
    • The Hunters in the Snow
      The Hunters in the Snow
      The Hunters in the Snow — also known as The Return of the Hunters — is a celebrated oil on wood painting by Pieter Bruegel. The work is one in a series of six works, five of which still survive, that depict different times of the year. The painting is in the collection of the Kunsthistorisches...

       (Dec.–Jan.)
      , 1565, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
    • The Gloomy Day
      The Gloomy Day
      The Gloomy Day is an oil on wood painting by Pieter Bruegel in 1565. The painting is one in a series of six works, five of which are still extant, that depict different times of the year...

       (Feb.–Mar.)
      , 1565, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
    • The Hay Harvest
      The Hay Harvest
      The Hay Harvest is an oil on wood painting by Pieter Bruegel in 1565. The painting is one in a series of six works, five of which are still extant, that depict different times of the year. The painting is part of the Lobkowicz family collection in Lobkowicz Palace in Prague Castle, Czech...

       (June–July)
      , 1565, Lobkowicz Palace at the Prague Castle Complex, Czech Republic
    • The Harvesters
      The Harvesters
      The Harvesters is an oil on wood painting by Pieter Bruegel in 1565. The painting is one in a series of six works, five of which are still extant, that depict different times of the year. As in many of his paintings, the focus is on peasants and their work...

       (Aug.-Sept.)
      , 1565, Metropolitan Museum of Art
      Metropolitan Museum of Art
      The Metropolitan Museum of Art is a renowned art museum in New York City. Its permanent collection contains more than two million works, divided into nineteen curatorial departments. The main building, located on the eastern edge of Central Park along Manhattan's Museum Mile, is one of the...

      , New York
    • The Return of the Herd
      The Return of the Herd
      The Return of the Herd is an oil on wood painting by Pieter Bruegel in 1565. The painting is one in a series of six works, five of which are still intact, that depict different times of the year. The painting is currently in the collection of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, located in Vienna,...

       (Oct.–Nov.)
      , 1565, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery (1565), Courtauld Institute of Art
    Courtauld Institute of Art
    The Courtauld Institute of Art is a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art. The Courtauld is one of the premier centres for the teaching of art history in the world; it was the only History of Art department in the UK to be awarded a top...

    , London
  • The Calumny of Apelles, 1565, drawing, British Museum
    British Museum
    The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture in London. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its...

    , London
  • The Painter and the Connoisseur, drawing, c. 1565, Albertina, Vienna
    Albertina, Vienna
    The Albertina is a museum in the Innere Stadt of Vienna, Austria. It houses one of the largest and most important print rooms in the world with approximately 65,000 drawings and approximately 1 million old master prints, as well as more modern graphic works, photographs and architectural drawings...

  • Preaching Of John The Baptist, 1566, Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest)
    Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest)
    The Museum of Fine Arts is a museum in Heroes' Square, Budapest, Hungary, facing the Palace of Art.It was built by the plans of Albert Schickedanz and Fülöp Herzog in an eclectic-neoclassical style, between 1900 and 1906. The museum's collection is made up of international art , including all...

  • Census at Bethlehem, 1566, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels
  • The Wedding Dance, c. 1566, Detroit Institute of Arts
    Detroit Institute of Arts
    The Detroit Institute of Arts is a renowned art museum in the city of Detroit. In 2003, the DIA ranked as the second largest municipally owned museum in the United States, with an art collection valued at more than one billion dollars...

    , Detroit
  • Conversion Of Paul, 1567, Kunsthistorishes Museum, Vienna
  • The Land of Cockaigne
    The Land of Cockaigne (Bruegel)
    The Land of Cockaigne is the subject of an oil painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. In medieval times, Cockaigne was a mythical land of plenty...

    , 1567, Alte Pinakothek
    Alte Pinakothek
    The Alte Pinakothek is an art museum situated in the Kunstareal in Munich, Germany. It is one of the oldest galleries in the world and houses one of the most famous collections of Old Master paintings...

    , Munich
    Munich
    Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

  • The Magpie on the Gallows
    The Magpie on the Gallows
    The Magpie on the Gallows is an oil on wood panel of 1568 by Pieter Bruegel the Elder.The painting shows a woodland clearing containing three peasants dancing to a bagpipes, next to a gallows upon which a magpie is perched...

    , 1568, Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
    Darmstadt
    Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area.The sandy soils in the Darmstadt area, ill-suited for agriculture in times before industrial fertilisation, prevented any larger settlement from developing, until the city became the seat...

  • The Misanthrope, 1568, Museo di Capodimonte
    Museo di Capodimonte
    The National Museum of Capodimonte is located in the Palace of Capodimonte, a grand Bourbon palazzo in Naples, Italy. The museum is the prime repository of Neapolitan painting and decorative art, with several important works from other Italian schools of painting, and some important Ancient Roman...

    , Naples
    Naples
    Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

  • The Blind Leading the Blind
    The Blind Leading the Blind
    The Blind Leading the Blind is an oil painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, dating from 1568 and housed in the Capodimonte Museum, Naples, southern Italy. Other titles include Blind and The Parable of the Blind....

    , 1568, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples
  • The Peasant Wedding
    The Peasant Wedding
    The Peasant Wedding is a 1567 painting by the Flemish Renaissance painter and printmaker Pieter Brueghel the Elder, one of his many depicting peasant life. It is currently housed in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.-Scene:...

    , 1568, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • The Peasant Dance, 1568, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • The Beggars, 1568, Louvre
    Louvre
    The Musée du Louvre – in English, the Louvre Museum or simply the Louvre – is one of the world's largest museums, the most visited art museum in the world and a historic monument. A central landmark of Paris, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement...

    , Paris
  • The Peasant and the Nest Robber, 1568, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • The Three Soldiers, 1568, The Frick Collection, New York City
  • The Storm at Sea, an unfinished work, probably Bruegel's last painting.
  • The Wine of Saint Martin’s Day
    The Wine of Saint Martin’s Day
    The Wine of Saint Martin's Day is a painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The painting depicts peasants celebrating a festival known as St. Martin's Day, which involves drinking the first wine of the season....

    , Museo del Prado
    Museo del Prado
    The Museo del Prado is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid. It features one of the world's finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spanish Royal Collection, and unquestionably the best single collection of...

    , Madrid
    Madrid
    Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...

     (discovered in 2010)

Prints
  • Large Fish Eat Small Fish, 1556, a print after a Bruegel design

Family tree


Other members of the family include Pieter van Aelst
Pieter van Aelst
Pieter van Aelst or Pieter Coecke van Aelst was a Flemish painter. He studied under Bernaert van Orley and later lived in Italy before entering the Antwerp Guild of painters in 1527. In 1533, he travelled to Constantinople for one year in a failed attempt to establish business connections for...

 and Mayken Verhulst
Mayken Verhulst
Mayken Verhulst was a sixteenth-century miniature, tempera and watercolor painter, identified by Lodovico Guicciardini in 1567 as one of the most important female artists in the Low Countries.-Life:Mayken Verhulst was born in Mechelen in 1518...

 (father-in-law and mother-in-law to Pieter Bruegel the Elder), Jan van Kessel, senior
Jan van Kessel, senior
Jan van Kessel was a Flemish painter of still lifes, who was the father of another painter with the same name Jan van Kessel, and Jan Brueghel the Elder's grandson....

 (grandson of Jan Bruegel the Elder) and Jan van Kessel, junior
Jan van Kessel, junior
Jan van Kessel, junior was a Flemish painter, the son of Jan van Kessel .-Biography:...

. Through David Teniers, the family is also related to the whole Teniers family of painters and the Quellinus family of painters and sculptors, since Jan-Erasmus Quellinus
Jan-Erasmus Quellinus
Jan-Erasmus Quellinus was a Flemish Baroque painter of large altarpieces and histories influenced by Paolo Veronese and his father Erasmus Quellinus the Younger.-Biography:...

 married Cornelia, daughter of David Teniers the Younger.

External links