Persian Gates

Persian Gates

Overview
Persian Gates was the ancient name of the pass now known as Tang-e Meyran, connecting Yasuj
Yasuj
Yasuj is a city in and the capital of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 96,786, in 20,297 families.Yasuj is an industrial city in the Zagros Mountains of southwestern Iran...

 with Sedeh
Sedeh
Sedeh is a city in and the capital of Sedeh District, in Eqlid County, Fars Province, Iran. Sedeh is located some north-to-northwest of Shiraz. At the 2006 census, its population was 5,572, in 1,497 families....

 to the east, crossing the border of the modern Kohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad and Fars provinces of Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

, passing south of the Kuh-e-Dinar massif, part of the Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
The Zagros Mountains are the largest mountain range in Iran and Iraq. With a total length of 1,500 km , from northwestern Iran, and roughly correlating with Iran's western border, the Zagros range spans the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau and ends at the Strait of...

. The pass controls the link between the shore and the central part of Persia.

In the last weeks of 331 BCE, it was the site of the fierce Battle of Persian Gate, in which the Macedon
Macedon
Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient kingdom, centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south....

ian Emperor Alexander the Great faced stiff resistance by the last Achaemenid
Achaemenid Empire
The Achaemenid Empire , sometimes known as First Persian Empire and/or Persian Empire, was founded in the 6th century BCE by Cyrus the Great who overthrew the Median confederation...

 troops commanded by Ariobarzan
Ariobarzanes (satrap of Persis)
Ariobarzanes was a Persian satrap of Persis and military commander. He is best known for commanding the Persian army at the Battle of the Persian Gate against Alexander of Macedonia in the winter of 330 BC....

.
  • Henry Speck, "Alexander at the Persian Gates.
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Encyclopedia
Persian Gates was the ancient name of the pass now known as Tang-e Meyran, connecting Yasuj
Yasuj
Yasuj is a city in and the capital of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 96,786, in 20,297 families.Yasuj is an industrial city in the Zagros Mountains of southwestern Iran...

 with Sedeh
Sedeh
Sedeh is a city in and the capital of Sedeh District, in Eqlid County, Fars Province, Iran. Sedeh is located some north-to-northwest of Shiraz. At the 2006 census, its population was 5,572, in 1,497 families....

 to the east, crossing the border of the modern Kohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad and Fars provinces of Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

, passing south of the Kuh-e-Dinar massif, part of the Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
The Zagros Mountains are the largest mountain range in Iran and Iraq. With a total length of 1,500 km , from northwestern Iran, and roughly correlating with Iran's western border, the Zagros range spans the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau and ends at the Strait of...

. The pass controls the link between the shore and the central part of Persia.

In the last weeks of 331 BCE, it was the site of the fierce Battle of Persian Gate, in which the Macedon
Macedon
Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient kingdom, centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south....

ian Emperor Alexander the Great faced stiff resistance by the last Achaemenid
Achaemenid Empire
The Achaemenid Empire , sometimes known as First Persian Empire and/or Persian Empire, was founded in the 6th century BCE by Cyrus the Great who overthrew the Median confederation...

 troops commanded by Ariobarzan
Ariobarzanes (satrap of Persis)
Ariobarzanes was a Persian satrap of Persis and military commander. He is best known for commanding the Persian army at the Battle of the Persian Gate against Alexander of Macedonia in the winter of 330 BC....

.

Literature

  • Henry Speck, "Alexander at the Persian Gates. A Study in Historiography and Topography" in: American Journal of Ancient History n.s. 1.1 (2002) 15-234.

External links